ずくなしの冷や水

2018年02月16日

これがISISに国を破壊されたシリアの国連代表の公式見解です

FARSNEWS2018/2/15
Syria’s Representative to UN: Main Task of US-Led Coalition Is Supporting Terrorists in Syria
TEHRAN (FNA)- Syria’s Permanent Representative to the UN Bashar al-Jaafari stressed that the Syrian people are the only ones to determine the future of their country, reaffirming Syria’s commitment to the final statement of the Syrian National Dialogue Congress in Sochi.

Al-Jaafari made his remarks during a UN Security Council meeting to discuss the situation in Syria, pointing that the US presence in Syria violates the UNSC Resolution No. 2254 which provides for preserving Syria’s sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity, not to mention the 2nd article of the UN Charter which stipulates for respecting sovereign equality of all UN members, mutual non-use of military force, and non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs, SANA reported.

He regretted that the UN special envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura, in his briefing, has overlooked the presence of US and Turkish forces on the Syrian territory, noting that there is no provision in the UN Charter that justifies intervention in any state’s internal affairs.

Al-Jaafari said that 29 resolutions on Syria have been adopted by the UN Security Council and all of them stress all parties’ commitment to the Syrian State’s sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity in accordance with the UN Charter and its principles, adding that “We have the right to question the actions taken by the UN Security Council to guarantee these objectives set by the founders in order to achieve peace, security and stability in the world.

He noted that Syria is not the first victim of some UNSC member states’ violation of the UN Charter and the international law, but the suffering of Syria came as a result of the deliberate blindness to previous violations committed over decades.

Al-Jaafari questioned the measures taken by the UN Security Council when some of the UN member states undermined its Charter and deprived the Palestinian people of their right in establishing a Palestinian state with al-Quds as its capital, not to mention the invasion of Iraq, the destruction of Libya, the unlimited support to international terrorism and flagrant intervention in the internal affairs of other member states and the looting of national assets as is the case in several African states.

In addition to their violations of the UN Charter provisions to implement their agendas at the expense of the Syrian people and their future, the US, France and Britain have made every effort to undermine Syria and its people and exploit media to reach this end, distort the reality of what is happening and misleading the public opinion regarding the humanitarian suffering of civilians due to the practices of armed terrorist groups which used them as human shields and controlled schools and hospitals and turned them into military points, jails for abductees and bases for firing mortar shells on safe areas, noting that in the last 20 days Damascus has been targeted with 1000 shells, al-Jaafari stressed.

He referred to the takfiri Wahhabi fatwas issued to shed the Syrian blood, the facilitations provided to secure the entry of tens of thousands of terrorists and mercenaries from more than 100 states which are UN members through the borders, the establishment of training camps in the neighboring countries and the attempts to introduce these terrorists as “moderate opposition”.

Al-Jaafar said that the former Qatari Prime Minister acknowledged that the states which support terrorism have spent USD 137 billion to assist terrorists, meantime the former US ambassador in Damascus also admitted that the US spent USD 12 billion to support terrorists and change the Syrian government between 2014 and 2017, adding that WikiLeaks uncovered the US anti-Syrian policies since the US-British invasion of Iraq.

He added that the same states supplied the terrorist groups with toxic chemical materials to be used against the innocent civilians after which they fabricated incidents and information and submitted false testimonies to mislead the investigative mechanism and accuse the Syrian government in order to carry out its aggression.

He said that the Syrian government has submitted 136 letters containing valuable information about the terrorists’ possession and use of toxic chemicals, but none has read them.

Al-Jaafari added that these states attempted to justify the repeated attacks conducted by the so-called US-led international coalition on Syrian areas, the latest of which is the illegitimate attack on Syrian popular forces fighting Daesh (ISIS or ISIL) terrorist organization in the East Northern countryside of Deir Ezzur on February 8 which clearly shows the reality of this coalition and Washington’s role in supporting Daesh terrorists, reminding the UN member states of the US-led international coalition’s airstrikes on Syrian military positions in al-Thardah Mountain in Deir Ezzur and their deliberate destruction of 90% of Raqqa province.

He affirmed that the main task of US-led coalition is supporting terrorists in Syria.

He said that these states once again violated the UN Charter provisions when they stood silent watching the repeated Israeli attacks on the Syrian territories, the most recent of which is the Israeli aggression on February 10, 2018 and it was justified by the US representative to be in retaliation for Iran deploying a drone over the occupied Palestine which is a groundless allegation.

This is not the first time that Israeli occupation forces launch an attack against Syria’s sovereignty. It has always breached the sovereignty of my country till its warplane was recently shot down by a Syrian missile over the Occupied Palestinian territories, he added.

Another evidence on these countries’ violations is preventing the UN Security Council from issuing statements to condemn terrorist organizations’ attacks targeting with 1000 rocket and mortar shells the residential neighborhoods, suburbs, diplomatic missions, service facilities and churches in Damascus and other cities, claiming the lives of dozens of civilians and injuring hundreds of others.

They circulated the term of besieged areas when tackling the situation in the Eastern Ghouta in the countryside of Damascus and overlooked the reality that the inhabitants of the Eastern Ghouta are besieged from inside by the armed terrorist groups which use the civilians as human shields, seize humanitarian assistance materials and sell them to needy people just like what happened in the Eastern neighborhoods of Aleppo city.

The US decision on military intervention in Syria was illegitimate and unilateral under pretext of fighting Daesh terrorist organization, then Washington declared that it wants to establish military bases to preserve the strategic security and the security of its allies and later on it made clear that they are in Syria to create armed militias which will control oil, gas and water resources and establish a mini-state, after which it said that the US will maintain its presence in Syria even after the eradication of Daesh, al-Jaafari said, adding that the same justifications were used by the US to preserve its presence in Iraq.

On the Syrian National Dialogue Congress in Sochi, al-Jaafari welcomed Russia’s efforts, particularly President Vladimir Putin, to host and organize this event, noting that the Congress has proved once again that the political process in Syria would not be possible unless it is led by the Syrians themselves without any foreign intervention.

He stressed that the Sochi Congress’ final statement forms a fundamental basis for the political track and a solid foundation for any upcoming dialogue or talks.

Al-Jaafari reiterated Syria’s adherence to any political solution that helps stop the shedding of Syrian blood, preserve its sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity and guarantee the Syrian people’s right to determine the future of their country through intra-Syrian dialogue.

FARSNEWS2018/1/28
Syria’s UN Envoy Slams US for Supporting ISIL

TEHRAN (FNA)- Syria’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations and head of the Syrian government delegation to the intra-Syrian talks Bashar al-Jaafari accused the United States of supporting ISIL.

"How can a country like the United States, which has given birth to Islamic State, which has been supporting and defending Islamic State, which continues to fight for Islamic State, a country, which has been violating Syria’s sovereignty by its military presence in our country and negating international laws and conventions, how can a country, which has the blood of the Syrian people on its hands, speak about a political solution and Syria’s future?," he said in Vienna, TASS reported.

He voiced criticism of each of the five nations (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Saudi Arabia and Jordan), which had come out with an unofficial document on Syrian settlement at a meeting in Washington in January.

According to al-Jafaari, the UK and France are following the United States "like a blind man following another blind man." Jordan, in his words, has opened its borders to terrorists to become "a place for seven training camps for terrorists." As for Saudi Arabia, he called it ironically "a pinnacle of democracy and a beacon of freedom in the East."

Neither of these five has the right to dictate its will to the Syrian people, he added.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:50| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

2018年02月15日

色々な測定器の示すcpm

色々な測定器を使って、それぞれが示すcpm、1分間当たりで検出された放射線の数を比較してみました。
おおむね0.1μSv/hの環境で測定しています。

パンケーキ型検出器のMAZUR  だいたい30cpm程度でしょうか。下向きにして測るともう少し増えるでしょう。


GM-10(これは屋外で空間線量率は0.1μSv/hより少し高いと見られます。) 14cpm程度  これはリアルタイムの画像です。


GC10 60秒おきの1分値を表示。16〜17cpm


RADEX ONEの測定値。10秒ごとに1分間のカウント数を表示している。これも16〜17cpm、GC10と同じGM管です。


SOEKS01M 上の二つよりも少し古いGM管です。15cpmは越えています。


RDS20A パルス音の拾い方でcpmが違ってきます。このときは比較的高い値が出ました。10cpmを越えていますが、別のマイク、パソコンとの組み合わせではせいぜい8cpm。


この結果からみると、とても書きにくいのですが、リアルタイム測定表示システムの代表格であるGM-10の感度は高くありません。α線も検出とされていますが、ラドン検出器のような運用でもしないと検出してもアルファ線分だとは識別できないでしょう。

付属のソフトはとても優れています。ですが、これから買うなら他のものの方がコストパフォーマンスが優れています。

RDS20Aは日本製のGM管を使った歴史的な製品です。昔浜松フォトニクスという会社が放射能検出器を作っていたことがあったと聞きますが、今は、個人用はロシア製のGM管に市場を席巻されています。

RDS20Aが小型ですので使用しているGM管も小型でしょう。なぜかわかりませんが、ベータ線は検出しないのだそうです。

1台の感度は悪くても数台寄せ集めて測れば、0.1μSv/hの環境でもMAZUR並みの30cpmを出すことはできそうです。

RDS20A4台を箱に入れてトーン信号を拾いました。グラフで見ると15〜20cpmが基本的な変動幅のようです。10cpmを割り込んでも8cpm程度で止まります。平均17.5cpmとすれば、RADEX ONEやGC10と同じレベルです。資金投下額15,000円ほど。

RDS20Aのcpmは0.1μSv/h相当の環境で4.5程度ということになります。これでは空間線量率の低い場所では測定値の変動が大きくて使いにくいです。

一方、それを何台も集めて使ってもあまり意味ないではないかということになりますが、容器を外すという裏技があります。それに4台を50cmずつ離して物干しざおにぶら下げたら、きっと測定値も安定すると思います。GM-10は不要になります。

これから新たに買う方は、携帯性を重視するならRADEX ONE、家に置いておくならGC10がお勧めでしょうか。GC10もケースを買って電池を入れて携帯はできますが、人前で取り出すと「これから弁当?」と問われそうです。

でも二つともに感度は十分と感じました。

ともにベータ線を検出可能とありますが、特別にβ線源が多いところでないとガンマ線と区別して入射線数を把握するのは難しいです。

2018年02月13日
個人向けの放射能測定器で屋内のベータ線量を測定できるか

SOEKS01Mが市場価格17,000円強から、RADEX ONEが市場価格17,000円、GC10A本体が完成品8,200円専用ケーブル1,600円などを加えると1万円強。

管理人はインスペクターと同等な性能のMAZURを持つて現地調査に出かけています。この器械を使うことによりいろいろなことが分かりました。ですが、このような高機能な器械は、扱いにも気を使いますし、電子機器ですから基盤が壊れればそれで終わりです。

個人が持つなら17、8千円までのもので事足りると考えています。少し値段が高いからと言ってもそんなに機能は変わりません。要は機能とその限界をよく理解して使うことです。

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 23:57| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

Japan, US ‘to Pressure North Korea’ Amid Inter-Korean Rapprochement

FARSNEWS2018/2/15
Japan, US ‘to Pressure North Korea’ Amid Inter-Korean Rapprochement
TEHRAN (FNA)- Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and United States President Donald Trump reportedly agreed to continue to pressure North Korea over its weapons programs even as Pyongyang engages in nascent dialog with its main rival Seoul.

Abe and Trump agreed in a telephone conversation that there would be “no meaningful dialog” unless North Korea agreed on “complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization”, according to a statement by the Japanese Foreign Ministry on Thursday, presstv reported.

After the phone conversation, which reportedly lasted over an hour, Abe told reporters that he and the US President had affirmed they would keep up the pressure on North Korea until it entered into negotiations and abandoned its nuclear program.

“Dialog for the sake of dialog would be meaningless,” the Japanese Prime Minister said, adding that “We talked thoroughly about what we should do from here on to make the denuclearization of North Korea a reality.”

North Korea has been engaging in a rapprochement with the South since January this year. The Winter Olympics 2018, which are being hosted by the South, have provided an opportunity for the two sides to put aside long-running hostilities; and there is hope that the thaw would continue after the Games.

By courting Seoul, Pyongyang has sidelined the US − which has long portrayed itself as a major player in the dispute on the Korean Peninsula − and Japan, a close follower of US policy.

Abe said he and Trump had reaffirmed the Tokyo-Washington alliance against Pyongyang. Since defeat in World War II, Japan has been reliant on the US for its security.

South Korea hosted a high-ranking delegation from the North, including the North Korean leader’s sister, after Pyongyang expressed willingness to participate in the Olympic Games early in January.

North Korea’s leader Kim Jong-un, who thanked the South for its hospitality during the Games, then invited South Korean President Moon Jae-in to Pyongyang for a summit later this year, pledging efforts to continue the reconciliation process.

Abe held talks with President Moon prior to the opening ceremony of the Winter Olympic Games and said the two countries would continue to work with the US in maximizing pressure on North Korea.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:17| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ロシアとサウジの経済協力に関する既往報道

次の記事にあるようなロシアとサウジの経済協力は着実に進んでいたということなんですね。

RT2018/2/14
Saudi Arabia boosts investment in Russian economy
Saudi investments in Russian projects has exceeded $2 billion, according to the head of the Russian Direct Investment Fund, Kirill Dmitriev.

“More and more Russian companies are investing in Saudi Arabia, and Saudi Arabia is investing in Russia. Saudi Arabia's investment in Russia has already reached more than $2 billion,” Dmitriev said.

A Sovereign Fund of Saudi Arabia, Public Investment Fund (PIF), announced in 2015 its intention to invest $10 billion in the Russian economy through partnership with the Russian fund.

The funds have invested in petrochemicals, energy, transport infrastructure and retail. Saudi Arabia also expressed interest in working with Russia in the railway industry, space exploration and peaceful nuclear energy.

Russian banks and a joint Russia-China investment fund are eager to participate in Saudi company Aramco’s initial public offering (IPO). Riyadh plans to sell about a 5 percent stake in its national oil company in a record listing.

“We have a Russia-China investment fund, and through that Russia-China investment fund we see a major interest in the Aramco IPO from a number of leading Chinese institutions,” Dmitriev said.

“We see significant interest to invest in the Aramco IPO from Russia, from China, and we believe that this is very good for, once again, thinking jointly about oil.”

The RDIF and Aramco also plan to invest up to $1 billion in Russia’s largest independent driller, Eurasia Drilling.

RT 2 Nov, 2017 14:32
Russia bidding to construct 16 nuclear power plants in Saudi Arabia
Russian state corporation Rosatom is interested in building Saudi Arabia's nuclear infrastructure, according to Russian Energy Minister Aleksandr Novak.

“The nuclear industry is an important part of our cooperation,” said Novak at a meeting of the intergovernmental commission, adding “Rosatom could take part in the creation of a nuclear cluster in Saudi Arabia, including the construction of 16 modern nuclear reactors.”

Moscow and Riyadh have inked an agreement on energy and climate and a memorandum of understanding and cooperation in the energy sector.

The Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) and Saudi Arabia’s Public Investment Fund (PIF) are considering investing in more than 20 projects worth over $10 billion, Novak said. As of now more than $1 billion has been spent on nine joint projects.

Russian Railways is negotiating the construction of two railroads in Saudi Arabia. The company is actively developing cooperation with Middle Eastern countries, having already agreed to electrify Iranian rail track.

The two countries are also discussing supplies of Russia’s Kamaz trucks as Riyadh has expressed an interest. Kamaz is Russia’s largest truck maker and plans to increase exports by almost five percent to 6,500 vehicles. The company ranks 16th among the world's top heavy truck manufacturers.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 20:04| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

シリアから始まったロシアコールが世界に広がる

最初にこの記事をアップしたのは、2018-02-15 13:03:23です。その6時間後にエネルギー分野のサウジ・ロシア協力スキームがまとまったというニュースが流れました。サウジは非常識と暴力が日常的な国とは言えどもアラブ世界ではやはり大国。アラブ世界の対ロシアの姿勢、戦略に決定的な影響を与えることは間違いありません。

※ エネルギー分野のサウジ・ロシア協力スキームがまとまり湾岸地域の米国支配に楔

※ イエメン


※ アフガン


※ パレスチナ
RT2018/2/14
Russia could host Palestine-Israel talks as US can no longer be the sole broker – Palestine FM
Russia could provide platform for a potential meeting between Mahmoud Abbas and Benjamin Netanyahu, the Palestinian foreign minister said, voicing Palestine's readiness to sit down for direct talks with Israel.

“Absolutely, [we are ready for direct talks] through a third party, of course,” Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad al-Maliki said Tuesday, as quoted by RIA. “We don’t think a 15-minute meeting in Jerusalem would help us,” the minister went on, noting that “coming to Sochi or Moscow would be a good decision, if [Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin] Netanyahu is willing to.”

“The flight is no longer than three hours, and [Netanyahu] would enjoy hospitality of [Russian President Vladimir] Putin and the Russian people,” al-Maliki said, calling on the Israeli side to consider the option, according to RIA.

As for the part US has in the peace process, al-Maliki reiterated Washington can no longer be the only mediator.

However, the conflict settlement can’t go on entirely without US participation. Palestine “clearly stated that the US can no longer be the sole broker in the Israeli-Palestinian talks,” as Washington sides with Israel “against the Palestinian position.”

“We can’t ignore the US completely, that’s why we agreed for the US to participate,” the minister said.

Al-Maliki’s words echo Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas’ remark, made during his delegation's stay in Moscow. While the Palestinian side doesn’t reject the US joining the mediation attempts, it wants multilateral talks.

Meeting the Russian president on Monday, Abbas told Putin that Palestinians have ruled out cooperating with Washington as a sole mediator due to Donald Trump’s shift to recognize Jerusalem as the Israeli capital and to move the US embassy from Tel Aviv to the holy city.

Following the US announcement, that drew backlash across the Arab world, the Palestinian president initially declared that Palestinians would not accept Washington in any role in the political process.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 19:45| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

エネルギー分野のサウジ・ロシア協力スキームがまとまり湾岸地域の米国支配に楔

うーん、外れました。エネルギー分野のサウジ・ロシア協力スキームがまとまったということでした。
2018年02月15日
プーチンとサウジ国王がシリア国民対話会議の結果について電話会談
アラムコのIPOを主体に書かれていますが、要するにサウジがロシアの北極LPGの開発に参加するなど産業分野の多角化を図り、石油価格の下落に抵抗力をつけるのにロシアが協力するということがポイントです。ペトロダラーの時代は終わりに近づくということになりましょうか。

RT2018/2/15
Russia inks huge energy deals with Saudi Arabia, challenging US dominance in Gulf region

Hidden by the fog of the ongoing oil market volatility and the Turkish adventures in Syria, OPEC leader Saudi Arabia has been cementing its geopolitical position for years.

In Riyadh meetings this week between Saudi and Russian officials, major energy deals were sealed, changing the regional constellation dramatically. At the same time, the geopolitical shift of the century now starts to bear fruit.

Russia has directly offered to invest in the upcoming Aramco IPO, supporting the efforts of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) to diversify the economy of the kingdom. During the meetings, not only new Saudi investment deals in Russia were sealed, but also the commitment of several Russian investment parties in the Aramco IPO.

After weeks of receiving a hell of a beating in the press (analysts started to doubt that it would ever happen), not only positive news has come from the NYSE and LSE, but also − as expected − from Russian institutions.

Kirill Dmitriev, CEO of the main Russian sovereign wealth fund, Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF), stated in Riyadh that he expects that a Russian and Chinese joint investment fund, working in conjunction with several major Russian banks, will be part of the Aramco IPO. He also indicated that other Russian financial institutions and investors are very interested to take a part of the 5 percent of Aramco being offered in the IPO.

These statements are a significant boost for MBS and his IPO advisors, as the participation of a Russia-China investment fund also shows the interest of Chinese parties in the stakes. While Chinese parties are expected to be willing to hand over tens of billions, Dmitriev’s statements have widened the scope. Russian and Chinese parties will not only involve the expected oil and gas companies, but others as well.

In addition to the Aramco IPO, the warm relationship between Moscow and Riyadh, already displayed in the current production cut agreement between OPEC and non-OPEC, now also reaches a level targeted by Putin and MBS last year: a full-fledged investment relationship focusing on the Russian oil and gas sectors, including LNG. The latter has been likely to happen since mid-2017.

Russian sources close to the Kremlin stated to the press that Saudi Aramco, which was already invited before to take part in LNG projects in Russia, will enter into a major investment scheme for Arctic LNG-2. Last year, Saudi Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih said that Aramco was invited to invest in the Novatek-led venture. It could be a slip of the tongue, but al-Falih stated at the same time that [this investment deal] would become a part of Aramco’s gas strategy. With a targeted capacity of 18 million tons per year, the project is expected to be onstream in 2023.

The IPO and Artic LNG-2 news partly overshadowed the fact that other major energy deals were also made. Dmitriev told the press that the RDIF, Saudi sovereign wealth fund Public Investment Fund (PIF) and Aramco will soon sign other investment deals.

One of these other deals is investment in Russia’s Eurasia Drilling, a major independent driller. It’s a dream come true for Russian drillers, as they’ve been vying for on- and offshore drilling projects in Saudi Arabia for years, but without success. Even attempts by Putin-linked Gazprom Drilling to enter the Saudi market haven’t been successful until now.

Investment streams aren’t just flowing one way, as Russian parties want to enter the Saudi downstream sector. Russia’s largest petrochemicals giant, Sibur, has a $1 billon deal in the kingdom. In October 2017, Riyadh and Moscow set up an $1 billion energy investment fund.

The creeping-yet-steady cooperation between the former adversaries should be continuously assessed. Even though several Russian oil oligarchs have said that they see Russia soon leaving the OPEC deal, current investment discussions block any hasty decisions.

Russia and Riyadh also have other common interests, mainly related to regional Gulf-based issues, such as Syria, Iran and Iraq. The opening offered by the young Saud Crown Prince MBS is valued by Putin, as it gives Moscow a direct inroad to oil and gas market price setters, while also undermining the historical US dominance in the region.

Since oil and gas are linked to stability or war, the current Russian-Saudi cooperation is also based on these different angles. Energy cooperation will be linked or intertwined with future security arrangements and defense contracts. Aramco’s IPO, LNG and OPEC are paving the way for a possible bearish position in the Kingdom of Oil.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 19:32| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

プーチンとサウジ国王がシリア国民対話会議の結果について電話会談

2/14プーチンとサウジ国王が電話会談をしています。何がテーマだったのか。シリア問題、カタール問題は取り上げられたと伝えられています。

シリア国民対話会議が成功し憲法委員会が発足の見込み(サウジは巨額の金を出したのに得るものは何もないことになる)
カタールがロシア製S400購入の交渉中
イエメン戦争(戦争終結のめど立たず、イエメンからロシアの仲介を求める声。サウジがイスラエルの戦闘機を落としたロシア製地対空ミサイルの導入の希望を示した?)
イラン問題(サウジはイラン非難の急先鋒の一つとなってきた)
2017/10のサウジ国王モスクワ訪問後の武器購入、経済協力問題
原油価格については、持ち直しの傾向持続(ロシアは減産継続に前向き)
トルコクルド問題? サウジは直接の利害はないはず。パレスチナ? どんな立場からロシアにものを言うか?

やはりイエメン問題ではなかろうかと思います。

RT2017/2/14
Putin & Saudi King Salman discuss Syria, Qatar by phone

Russian President Vladimir Putin and Saudi King Salman have discussed the situation in Syria following the National Dialogue Congress in Sochi, as well as cooperation between the two countries on the world oil market.

The two leaders talked over the phone on Wednesday, the Kremlin’s press service said.

The Syrian National Dialogue Congress was held in Sochi, Russia, late in January, bringing together over 1,300 delegates representing different parts of Syrian society. The Saudi Arabia-based High Negotiations Committee (HNC), an umbrella body created back in 2016 to represent some of the Syrian rebel groups at the Geneva talks, however, boycotted the event, claiming they would stick solely to “credible political transition” in the UN-sponsored Geneva format instead.

The Congress agreed to create a 150-strong committee to draft a new Constitution for the war-torn country. UN special envoy to Syria Staffan De Mistura, who took part in the Congress, praised this achievement, while Moscow expressed hopes it would “stimulate” and revitalise the Geneva peace process, which has been stalling for years.

The two sides also discussed the situation in the Middle East as a whole, including the ongoing tension between Qatar and other states in the region. “The Russian side stressed that the existing crisis is not conducive to joint efforts in battling the terrorism threat and bringing stability to the Middle East,” the press service stated.

Last June, Qatar found itself at odds with its neighbors, including Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Yemen. The Saudi-led block accused Doha of supporting terrorism and cut diplomatic ties, imposing travel restrictions and an economic blockade on the small-yet-wealthy Gulf state. Qatar denounced the accusations as “lies” and the situation reached a stalemate.

Regional issues aside, the two leaders discussed prospects for cooperation between Russia and Saudi Arabia, including coordinating their activities on oil market and defense sales.

The cooperation will lie within the boundaries of the agreements reached during King Salman’s visit to Russia last October, when Russia and Saudi Arabia-led OPEC have reached a landmark deal on joint oil production cuts. The policy appeared to be fruitful, contributing to bringing the oil price nosedive to a stop and stabilizing the world market.

Russia’s President and the Saudi King expressed “readiness to expand fruitful coordination on the world’s hydrocarbon markets,” according to the Kremlin’s press service, which did not provide any further details.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 16:42| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

F1 2号機爆発は2011/3/15午前6時20分頃



次は管理人がWikipediaなどから作成。この時刻、2号機には圧力抑制室で爆発があったとされています。


次は、横浜市環境科学研究所の3/15から3/24までの1時間ごとの空間線量率です(移転前)。単位ナノグレイ/h。



3/15の午前5時前後に最初のピークが来ています。これは2号機の圧力抑制室の爆発前ですから、この放射性ヨウ素主体のプルームは、それ以前に福島第一原発から漏れ出たものです。2号機は3/15午前過ぎからベントを行っています。その後も圧力が高まり続け圧力抑制室の爆発に至っています。この間に外に漏れた放射性ヨウ素が南関東を襲ったわけです。

千葉市稲毛区では、3/15午前5時前後に0.175μSv/h程度を記録しています。千葉1区で人口動態が良くないのも神奈川と同じ事情が働いているものと見られます。横浜では早朝から昼前後の時間までに2回ピークができていますが、どちらもヨウ素主体と見られます。



2017年12月09日
東京都港区麻布十番では2011/3/23に線量率のピーク

2015年04月04日 横浜にあれが降ったのはいつなのか

2015年04月09日
ヨウ素があったときの空間線量率はどれくらいだっただろう
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 14:08| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

Russia Blasts US, French ‘Dishonest’ Claims of Not Having Sent Delegates to Sochi Congress

Russia Blasts US, French ‘Dishonest’ Claims of Not Having Sent Delegates to Sochi Congress
TEHRAN (FNA)- Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said following talks with his Belgian counterpart Didier Reynders on Tuesday that Washington and Paris were disingenuous when they claimed that they had not sent their representatives to the Syrian National Dialogue Congress held in Sochi.

Invitations to attend the Sochi Congress as observers were sent to the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (the United States, the United Kingdom, France and China), as well as to Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Egypt, TASS reported.

"All the invited (countries), except for our western counterparts, sent their high-ranking representatives to attend the event," the Russian top diplomat noted.

At the same time, in Lavrov’s words, "the United States, France and the United Kingdom were disingenuous when they claimed that they had not sent their representatives."

"All the three countries sent diplomats from their embassies, though they said they would not attend the event as observers but would just work on the sidelines," the Russian Foreign Minister said.

"Nevertheless, a reasonable circle of players was present in Sochi, which means that the event encouraged our counterparts. Further developments depend on [United Nations Special Envoy for Syria] Staffan de Mistura. We are grateful to him for taking part in the Congress, he seems to have gained momentum to continue his efforts," Lavrov stressed.

Participants in the Syrian National Dialogue Congress, held in the Russian Black Sea resort of Sochi in late January, adopted a 12-point statement outlining their positions on their country’s future. The document stipulates that Syria should maintain its sovereignty and territorial integrity, at the same time pointing out that the Syrian people hold the prerogative to determine the country’s future through elections

The Syrians also requested United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres to assist them in setting up a constitutional commission, the mandate of which will be specified at the Geneva talks.

According to the organizers, the Sochi Syrian Congress brought together 1,511 delegates representing all strata of Syrian society. Most of the participants (94.5%) were Arabs but there were also Kurds, Yazidis, Assyrians, Armenians, Circassians, Chechens, Dagestanis, Abkhazians, Turkomans and the Druze. Key regional and global players had been invited to attend the event as observers.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:53| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

US President Threatens Retaliatory Actions Against China, South Korea

FARSNEWS2018/2/14
US President Threatens Retaliatory Actions Against China, South Korea
TEHRAN (FNA)- US President Donald Trump threatened to impose sanctions on China while vowing to scrap a free trade deal with South Korea.

His threat of action against the two major Asian trading partners came on Tuesday in a speech to a group of Republican and Democratic lawmakers at the White House, Middle East News reported.

Trump accused Beijing of undermining US steel and aluminum industries, saying he was “considering all options,” including tariffs and quotas.

This comes after Trump received two Commerce Department reports about alleged Chinese subsidies for steel and aluminum exports, materials that are essential for industries such as construction, autos and the like.

Meanwhile, China, which produces nearly half of the world’s steel, is accused of flooding the market in order to keep its economy robust at home.

“I will make a decision that reflects the best interests of the United States, including the need to address overproduction in China and other countries,” Trump said.

“They’re dumping and destroying our industry, and destroying the families of workers, and we can’t let that happen,” he added.

Although the president has another two months to make a decision on possible penalizing action, he strongly indicated that he wants to punish Beijing.

Experts, however, say that any such action will prompt China to do the same, raising the specter of a trade war between the world’s two largest economies.

Trump is under pressure at home as he has not been able to deliver on his campaign promise of being a champion of America’s Rust Belt.

Also, he has done nothing to fix the national trade deficit, which has widened even further during his first year in office, up 12 percent to $566 billion.

On Tuesday, there were members among the group who expressed support for the president, but also others who warned that action against China could increase prices and hurt US manufacturing outside the steel and aluminum sectors.

“Mr. President, I think we do need to be careful here, that we don’t start a reciprocal battle on tariffs,” Republican Senator Roy Blunt said.

“You know, we make aluminum and we make steel” he said, adding that “But we buy a lot of aluminum and we buy a lot of steel as well.”

Trump also took a shot at South Korea amid anger at signs of improvement in relations between Seoul and Pyongyang.

He described the 2012 free trade deal with South Korea as “a disaster,” saying that Washington would renegotiate a “fair deal” or scrap it altogether.

The Trump administration began talks to renegotiate the United States-Korea (KORUS) trade agreement in July, asserting that it was lopsided as America’s bilateral trade deficit had ballooned under it.

“We have a very, very bad trade deal with Korea,” Trump said, adding that “For us it produced nothing but losses.”


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:53| Comment(0) | 国際・政治