国際・政治: ずくなしの冷や水

2018年01月24日

トルコ・クルドの戦闘 地域を拡大しつつ激化

FARSNEWS2018/1/23
Turkey Hits Kurdish Bases in Iraq amid Syria Operation
TEHRAN (FNA)- Ankara carried out airstrikes in Northern Iraq against the strongholds of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) militants, whom it said were planning to launch attacks on Turkish soil.
The military said on Tuesday that its bombers carried out the raids in the Zap region in Northern Iraq, destroying hideouts and arms caches belonging to the PKK militants, World News reported.

FARSNEWS2018/1/23
Over 50 Turkish Soldiers, Allied Militants Killed in Clashes with Kurdish Fighters in Northern Syria
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) announced in a statement on Tuesday that 53 Turkish soldiers and Ankara-backed militants have been killed in the Olive Branch Operation against the Kurdish combatants in Afrin region in Northwestern Aleppo.

FARSNEWS2018/1/23
Syrian MP: Turkey Seeks to Reoccupy Aleppo by Afrin Attack
TEHRAN (FNA)- A senior Syrian parliamentarian warned that Turkey's military attacks against Afrin and Northern Syria are aimed at reoccupation of Aleppo with the US support.

"The Turkish officials had earlier revealed the country's goal in attacking Afrin which is actually occupation," Fares al-Shahabi said on Tuesday.

"Turkey's invasion of Northern Syria is meant to end up in reoccupation of Aleppo," he added.

Al-Shahabi said that the US which is aware of Turkey's intentions in the region doesn’t want to darken relations with the country as it prefers Ankara to the Kurdish forces and will throw the Kurds away after attaining its goals.

FARSNEWS2018/1/23
Report: Turkish Army to Expand Military Operations to Iraqi Borders
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Turkish Army plans to expand the scope of its military operations against the Kurdish forces to cover areas at the border with Iraq in Eastern Syria after Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu held meetings with senior Iraqi officials, the Arabic-language media reported.

FARSNEWS2018/1/23
Kurds Release ISIL Captives to Join Battle against Turkish Army
TEHRAN (FNA)- Local sources reported on Tuesday that the Kurdistan Democratic Union Party (PYD) has released all ISIL captives that have agreed to join the battle against the forces of the Turkey-led Olive Branch Operation in Northern Aleppo.

FARSNEWS2018/1/23
SDF Withdraws from Syria-Iraq Border
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iraqi sources disclosed dispatch of forces and equipment to the border with Syria after the predominantly-Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) withdraw from the region in a surprising move, the Arabic-language media reported on Tuesday.
"The SDF forces who were stationed along Deir Ezzur and Iraq's al-Qaem border region in Western Al-Anbar have retreated from their positions in a sudden move," the Arabic-language al-Maloumeh News quoted Iraqi Hashd al-Shaabi forces in Al-Anbar province Qatari al-Abidi as saying on Tuesday.
He noted that subsequent to the withdrawal, a large number of Iraqi army and Hashd al-Shaabi forces have been sent to the Iraq-Syria border region to prevent any possible penetration of the terrorists into Iraq's territories.

FARSNEWS2018/1/23
Several People Killed, Wounded in Rocket Attack on Militant Camp in Turkey
TEHRAN (FNA)- A sum of 14 militants have been killed or wounded in a rocket attack from the Kurdish regions in Northern Syria on a camp of the Ankara-affiliated Free Syrian Army (FSA) in Southwestern Turkey, dissident sources said on Tuesday.
The dissident-affiliated websites reported that at least two people have been killed and 12 others injured after a rocket, launched from the Syrian Northern district of Afrin, hit a camp in the Turkish province of Hatay, where the FSA militant group is located.

FARSNEWS2018/1/23
Turkish Air Force Continues to Bomb Kurds in Afrin
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Turkish Air Force carried out more bombing raids on the town of Afrin in Northwestern Aleppo amid massive attacks of the Turkish ground troops and allied militants on the Kurds within the framework of the Olive Branch Operation, field sources said Tuesday.
The sources said that the warplanes pounded different regions in Afrin countryside, including the villages of Kaljabar, Qastal Jandou, Dikmadash, Admah, Sourki, Akbas field and Kardour in Rajou region.

FARSNEWS2018/1/23
Turkish President: Ankara in Agreement with Moscow over Military Operations in Afrin
TEHRAN (FNA)- President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Turkey has reached an agreement with Russia over Ankara’s latest military operation against US-backed Kurdish militants in Northern Syria, vowing that his country would not retreat a step from the ongoing operation.
“We are determined. Afrin will be sorted out. We will take no step back. We spoke about this with our Russian friends. We have an agreement,” Erdogan added, Middle East News reported.
The Turkish leader asserted that Ankara had spoken with other powers, including the US, about the military intervention, but acknowledged that “we couldn't convince the US on some things".
Turkey’s Prime Minister Binali Yildirim had also said on Sunday Russia does not object to the operation in Syria’s Afrin, saying "We are working to eliminate Iran’s concerns, and Russia does not have objections".

Besides, he added, "Ankara supports communication with Damascus with mediation of Moscow and Tehran."

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad on Sunday stressed that Turkish offensive in Afrin is part of Ankara's strategy based on supporting terrorists.
The Syrian government has condemned the “brutal Turkish aggression” against the Kurdish-controlled enclave of Afrin, rejecting Ankara’s claim about having informed Damascus of the operation.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:42| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

2018年01月23日

トルコの軍事行動はISISを打ち負かす努力を紛らわせ人道援助を困難にするもの マッティス

さんざん他国の努力を妨害してきた米国国防省がよく言うよ! 恥ずかしくないのか。

RT2018/1/23
Turkish actions in Syria distract from efforts to defeat ISIS – US defense secretary
Turkey's operations in Syria are distracting from efforts to ensure the defeat of Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) and risk "exacerbating the humanitarian crisis" in the country, US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said.

He noted that Ankara's operation against Kurdish fighters in Afrin, northern Syria, also risks worsening the humanitarian crisis in the area, as well as in other parts of the country.

He urged Turkey to exercise restraint, stating that it has already disrupted the peaceful return of refugees and could be seen as an opportunity for Al-Qaeda and IS.

"This could be exploited by ISIS and Al-Qaeda, obviously, that we're not staying focused on them right now. And obviously it risks exacerbating the humanitarian crisis that most of Syria is going through," Mattis said.

However, the US official added that Washington understands Turkey's security concerns, citing what he called an active Kurdish insurgency inside Turkish borders.

The comments were made to reporters during Mattis’s trip to Indonesia, where he met with senior government officials on Tuesday.

Turkey launched ‘Operation Olive Branch’ against Kurdish fighters in Afrin on Saturday, accusing them of terrorism. Ankara says the operation is in line with international law and that it is taking care to avoid civilian casualties. However, reports from Kurds have claimed that the operation has already led to multiple civilians losing their lives.

The campaign has been condemned by the Syrian government, while Russia has urged restraint and respect for Syria’s territorial integrity. Moscow has also emphasized the importance of focusing international efforts on the Syrian peace process following the defeat of IS.

The start of the military campaign follows Washington’s announcement earlier this month that it was planning to train a 30,000-strong Kurdish-led force in Syria. According to former Turkish Foreign Minister Yasar Yakis, ‘Operation Olive Branch’ wouldn't have been launched if the US had honored its promise to cut off supplies and support to Kurdish militias.

"If the US wasn’t going to arm Kurds, Turkey wouldn’t have arrived to the point where it is...you should not arm and train and provide ammunition to a terrorist group," he told RT, referring to the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG).

Washington's decision to set up the Kurdish-led force prompted anger from Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who promised to "drown this terrorist force before it is born."

US support for the YPG has long been a source of tension between Ankara and Washington, with some Turkish politicians calling to ban the US Air Force from using Incirlik Airbase in Turkey until the Pentagon ends its ties with Syrian Kurds.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:26| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

北朝鮮はいかなる核の脅威にも対抗するための強力で信頼性の高い抑止力を有している ピョンヤン

RT2018/1/23
N. Korea possesses ‘powerful & reliable’ deterrent to counter any nuclear threat – Pyongyang
North Korea can counter any nuclear threat, its representative told a conference on disarmament in Geneva. He warned the US against bringing its strategic assets to and around the Korean Peninsula.

North Korea said it had made “absolutely the right choice” by boosting its nuclear capabilities.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 21:55| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

米国はアフガンやイラクに何十年も駐留しているではないかとエルドアンが反論

RT2018/1/22
How long will you be in Iraq & Afghanistan? Erdogan rebuffs US call to limit Afrin operation
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has criticized the US call to limit the time and scope of his nation’s operation in Afrin, Syria, pointing to Washington’s decades-long military presence in other countries.

The US asked Ankara on Sunday to “ensure that its military operations remain limited in scope and duration.”

“The Afrin operation will end when it reaches its goal like the Euphrates Shield did,” Erdogan said while addressing an awards ceremony in Ankara on Monday.

“The US says it ‘should not last for too long.’ And I’m asking the US, how long have you been in Afghanistan, when will it end? You came in Iraq before we came to power. Has the time duration ended in Iraq? You are still there,” Erdogan said.

Turkey does not have any plans to take over “the territories of another country” and will eventually leave Syrian soil, he stressed. The operation is not targeting the Kurdish population, but solely terrorists, according to the Turkish leader.

“It is very clear that we do not have any problem with our Kurdish citizens; it is also not a matter of a Kurdish corridor,” he stated. “The main purpose of this operation is to contribute to the safety of life and property of Syrian people as well as the territorial integrity of Syria along with Turkey’s national security.”

Turkey’s Operation ‘Olive Branch’ in the Syrian region of Afrin – controlled by Kurdish militias which Ankara believes to be terrorists – kicked off on Saturday. The military action began with massive airstrikes, and was followed by a land offensive.

Turkish PM Binali Yildirim told journalists on Sunday that the operation aims to create a 30-kilometer “secure zone” within Syrian territory. The Syrian government calls the campaign an aggression, while Moscow has urged Turkey to show restraint and respect for Syria’s territorial integrity.

RT2018/1/22
Iraqi Kurds ready to support ‘sacred resistance’ against Turkey if ‘allowed’
Iraqi Peshmerga forces are ready to assist Syrian Kurds in their “sacred resistance” against Turkey and the Free Syrian Army in northern Syria, a senior member of the ruling Kurdistan Patriotic Union of Kurdistan has announced.

Peshmerga forces could be sent into the northern Syrian region of Afrin if the Syrian Kurds and the US-led coalition “allow us,” Mala Bakhtiyar told reporters visiting the Iraqi office of the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD), which now essentially controls the semi-autonomous region in northern Syria.

“If we can, we will help Afrin now. If they allow us, we will deploy forces to Afrin,” Bakhtiyar said, according to Rudaw. “But if they allow us, before deploying forces, we will send a delegation to Ankara for dialogue. We prefer dialogue over war.”

The Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) in Iraq had previously sent about 150 Peshmerga soldiers to Syria in 2014. The Iraqi Kurds lent their hand in defeating Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) terrorist forces to recapture the Kurdish Kobani Canton. Back then, Turkey allowed the Iraqi Kurds to cross its territory into the Aleppo Governorate in northern Syria. This time, however, dispatching Iraqi Kurds into Afrin may prove near impossible.

Turkey launched 'Operation Olive Branch' against the Syrian Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG/YPJ) Saturday, following the announcement that the US-led coalition in Syria would create a “border security force” to prevent IS from regrouping in Syria. Ankara sees the Syrian Kurds as an extension of its domestic nemesis, the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), and considers their presence on its borders as a national security threat. To eliminate this menace, Turkey with the help of the FSA aims to create 30-kilometer-deep “safe zone” in Syria’s Afrin.

On Monday, Bakhtiyar condemned Ankara's military operation and criticized the FSA for being part of Turkey's campaign. “We support our nation,” in their “sacred resistance” against invaders, the politician stressed, calling, however, for a “political, not military” solution to the conflict.

Turkey, has meanwhile, ignored Washington’s call to limit the time and scope of the military operation in Afrin, with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan pointing to its NATO ally’s decades-long military presence in other countries. “The Afrin operation will end when it reaches its goal like the Euphrates Shield did,” Erdogan stated Monday.

The district of Afrin is home to around 500,000 civilians, including refugees from elsewhere in Syria. The Syrian government has warned that any incursion into Afrin by Turkish forces would be considered an act of aggression. Damascus said Syrian forces would respond accordingly, including, shooting Turkish warplanes out of the sky.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 12:30| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

2018年01月22日

クルド、米、トルコ、シリア、ロシアの五つ巴?

この記事の前の状況を次のように見ていました。
2018年01月18日
クルドの国境警備部隊をめぐる米国とトルコの対立

トルコによるアフリン攻撃は、原因を作った超大国のほか事態の鎮静化を図ろうとするもう一つの超大国を巻き込んで、極めて複雑な様相を呈しています。

@ 西側の専門家の中には、トルコが国境越しにミサイルや迫撃砲を打ち込むことはあっても、戦闘機による爆撃や地上部隊の進軍はしないだろうとの見方があったようです。これは外れました。おそらく米国も同じ見方をしていたのではないでしょうか。

2018/1/22には、地上戦はアフリンの周辺トルコ国境に近いところで行われています。アフリンにトルコ勢が入ったとの説もあります。

A トルコは、アフリン攻撃の前にロシアと米国に通報しています。ロシアは、アフリンで監視業務などに従事していたロシア軍兵士の撤退を始めました。

B シリアはトルコがアフリン攻撃について事前にシリアに通報した事実はないとトルコの主張を否定、主権の侵害だと強く反発。ただ実力行使はしていません。シリア政府高官は、トルコのSFAを使った動きに関して3万人の国境警備部隊と結局同じだとしています。

C トルコ首相は、事前通報なしとのシリアの反発に対し仲介者であるロシアを通じて通報したと弁明。トルコは、これまでシリアを指すのにアサドレジムと言うのが常でしたが、シリアの正式名称を使うようになっています。トルコ軍がシリアから攻撃されても文句は言えません。
Turkish government maintains contact with Syria regarding the ongoing Turkish Armed Forces' operation in Afrin through the mediation of Moscow, Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım said on Sunday.


D トルコは、米国がトルコとの約束を破ってクルドに武器などの供与を続けているので供給先が脅威となるとの理屈を振りかざしてクルド住民が多く戦闘勢力の拠点も多いアフリンを中心とする地域を攻撃し始めました。

トルコは、アフリンに続いて東にあるアザースに兵力を送り込んだとされます。アザースからさらにマンビジに攻撃対象が移るとなると、マンビジには米軍が兵士を送っていますので米軍兵士にリスクが及びます。本当にマンビジを攻撃するかどうか注目されます。

米国は困惑しているはずですが、トルコに自制を求めているだけです。トルコは、アフリンへの攻撃は短期間で終わると言っており、この間に米国と話を付けたい、米国の譲歩を引き出したいと考えているのでしょう。

米国はトルコとクルドの双方を裏切ったとの専門家の指摘もあります。超大国の自己利益追求の動きに沿った求めに応じていると、どんな結果になるかよくわかったはずとの先走った指摘も出始めました。

確かに米国のイラクやシリアにおける行動を見れば、アラブ人やクルド人が何人死のうと意に介さないということなのだと思わされます。シリア内での混乱を維持することが狙いの一つですから、トルコとクルドが戦うことは狙い通りなのかもしれません。

E ロシアはこれまでクルドの立場に一定の理解を示してきましたが、今回はトルコとクルドの双方に自制を呼びかける対応です。
クルドは、ロシアがアフリンの支配をシリア軍に引き渡せと助言したものの受け入れませんでした。

F クルドは戦闘員をアフリンから分散させつつ、トルコのレンハンルにミサイルを撃ち込みました。レンハンルはトルコ・シリア間の主要な国境通過点の一つのトルコ側の町で、国境から数kmしか離れていません。トルコのメディアが建物の損壊や人的被害が発生したと伝えています。一応トルコは民間人の犠牲は極力避けると表明しています。クルドのこのような対応は、無差別攻撃であり事実なら糾弾されることもあり得ます。

G イランはトルコに自制を求めていますが、今回はあくまでもわき役です。内心では米国の目論見が崩れることを歓迎する面があるかもしれません。

H シリア政府は大変難しい立場です。トルコから攻撃を受けたアフリンの住民を守るというのが最優先の課題ですからトルコを非難しています。トルコのクルドへの攻撃がクルドと米国の仲を裂くことになれば米国の長期駐留の目論見、クルドの分離主義の主張を弱める面があるのですが、米国とトルコは裏で取引している可能性もあります。

シリアは、今は国内のテロリストのせん滅が優先です。トルコに応戦するとしても限定的になるでしょう。
シリア政府は、クルドの離反を防ぎつつ、戦線の拡大を避けるという戦略になるでしょう。

I フランスが国連安保理の緊急会合を要請しました。トルコを非難する決議内容が見込まれますが、それに対してトルコは脅威増大の原因を作ったのは米国であり、米国のせいでYPGを攻撃しなければならなくなったと主張するでしょう。米国国連大使がどんな詭弁を使うか見ものです。

J 上にあげた関係国は、米国を除きロシアと連絡を保っています。仲介者の役割をロシアに期待しています。ロシアは、米軍のクルド主体の3万人規模国境警備隊構想を当初から強く批判していました。こういう構想を打ち出すことは挑発かまたは現地事情に無理解なるが故だとしています。

米国の失策は失策であることをはっきりさせることがロシアにとってはメリットがありますからその観点からはじっくりと事態の推移を見ながら対応を考えればよいのですが、シリアの国内和平交渉への悪影響が避けられなくなりそうです。ロシアが次にどんな対応を示すかに注目です。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 21:04| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

トルコのアフリン攻撃はワシントンの30万人規模国境警備部隊計画を引き写したもの

FARSNEWS2018/1/22
Russia: US Actions in Syria Either Provocation or Lack of Understanding
TEHRAN (FNA)- Moscow slammed Washington actions in Syria that “encourage separatist sentiments among Kurds” as either a provocation or ill-informed after Turkey launched a major operation against US-backed fighters in the Arab country.

"Washington has actively encouraged and continues to encourage separatist sentiments among Kurds," Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on Monday, adding that "This is either a lack of understanding of the situation or an absolutely conscious provocation", World News reported.

"The United States has long been dissuading the Kurds, with whom they are cooperating, from dialogue with Damascus, completely ignoring the sensitive nature and regional dimensions of the Kurdish problem," Lavrov stressed.

He also recalled the statements made by the Russian Foreign Ministry and the Ministry of Defense, in which Moscow called for "restraint and respect for the territorial integrity of Syria."

"We have long been paying attention to the fact that the United States has set its sights on creating alternative authorities on the Syrian territory. Washington is carrying out both open and covert arms deliveries to Syrian groups they are cooperating with, first and foremost to the SDF based on the Kurdish militia," the Russian Minister underlined.

Turkey launched a new air and ground operation around the area of Afrin in Syria to oust the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), which Ankara views as a terror organization and the Syrian branch of the outlawed Kurdish Workers’ Party (PKK).

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad on Sunday stressed that Turkish offensive in Afrin is part of Ankara's strategy based on supporting terrorists.

The Syrian government has condemned the “brutal Turkish aggression” against the Kurdish-controlled enclave of Afrin, rejecting Ankara’s claim about having informed Damascus of the operation.

The Damascus government had made clear to Ankara that it considers Turkey’s military presence on its territory as a violation of its sovereignty, and warned that it will shoot down Turkish bombers in Syrian airspace.

Washington also continues providing Kurdish fighters with more military hardware in Syria despite US President Donald Trump's promise to his Turkish counterpart to halt arms shipment to the Kurdish fighters.

Ankara said late November 2017 that US President Donald Trump told Tukey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan that he had issued instructions that weapons should not be provided to Kurdish fighters in Syria.

According to reports, the US plans to keep its troops in Syria long after the defeat of ISIL. Washington has been justifying its deployment of ground troops in Syria, which violates the embattled nation’s sovereignty, by citing the need to fight ISIL.

FARSNEWS2018/1/22
Syria: Turkish Army Starts Operation in Northern Syria with US Green Light
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Olive Branch Operation has been launched by the Turkish Army and allied militants in the town of Afrin in Northwestern Aleppo in coordination with the US and is nothing but a copy of Washington's plan to form a 30,000-member militia at Syria's Northern and Eastern borders, Syria's presidential political and media advisor said.

“The blatant Turkish aggression on Afrin on Saturday would not happen if the Turkish government had not previously taken the green light from the US. It’s a complementary aggression to the US one on the formation of illegal forces on the border,” Bouthaina Shaaban said in a meeting with a high-ranking Chinese Foreign Ministry delegation.

“The US intention to form a militia of 30,000 mercenaries to deploy them along the Iraqi and Turkish border areas inside the Syrian territory is an unacceptable and condemned issue as it aims to sever communication between Syria and Iraq, and meantime, the region will be a heaven for the so-called opposition groups' deployment instead of their current locations in Saudi Arabia, Turkey or elsewhere,” Shaaban said.

She added that the US-planed militia is an illegal plan and such forces are occupier because it is to be formed in Syrian soil without the approval of Damascus government.

She added that the US aims, through all this, to prolong the war and to make no room for any political solution for the crisis in Syria.

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad on Sunday stressed that Turkish offensive in Afrin was part of Ankara's strategy based on supporting terrorists.

"Turkey's brutal attack against the Syrian city of Afrin is inseparable from Turkey policy, that was pursued by the Turkish regime since the first day of the Syrian crisis and which is based for the most part on supporting terrorism and terrorist groups under different names," Assad said.

Ankara has launched a new air and ground operation around the area of Afrin in Syria to oust the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), which Ankara views as a terror organization and the Syrian branch of the outlawed Kurdish Workers’ Party (PKK).

Ankara opened a new front in Syria’s nearly seven-year-old war on Saturday, launching airstrikes against Kurdish fighters in Afrin in Aleppo province. According to reports, Turkish tanks are supporting the Free Syrian Army’s ground offensive on Kurdish positions in Syria’s Afrin region, as operation "Olive Branch" has started.

The Syrian government has condemned the “brutal Turkish aggression” against the Kurdish-controlled enclave of Afrin, rejecting Ankara’s claim about having informed Damascus of the operation.

The Damascus government had also made clear to Ankara that it considers Turkey’s military presence on its territory as a violation of its sovereignty, and warned that it will shoot down Turkish bombers in Syrian airspace.

FARSNEWS2018/1/22
Syria: Control of Key Positions in Afrin Exchanged Several Time between Turkish Army, Kurdish Fighters
TEHRAN (FNA)- Militant-affiliated sources disclosed on Monday that control over strategic regions near the town of Afrin in Northern Aleppo have been exchanged several times between the forces of the Turkey-led Olive Branch Operation and Kurdish fighters.

The sources affiliated to the Free Syrian Army (FSA) said that the Turkish army men and allied militants stormed Kurdish fighters' positions in Rajou region in Afrin and captured the village of Korni in Bolboleh and the two villages of Adah Manli and Bali Koy at Syria's border with Turkey.

On the other hand, the Kurdish fighters said that they carried out a rapid counter-attack against the FSA and recaptured the villages of Adah Manli, Shadya, Sourka in Rajoiu and the village of Shingal.

The sources further said that four Turkish soldiers and 10 Ankara-backed militants were killed and 11 more were wounded in the clashes, adding the injured were transferred to Turkish hospitals.

Field sources reported on Sunday that the Turkish Army troops and the Ankara-backed Free Syrian Army (FSA) kicked off a major ground assault under the Olive Branch Operation against Kurdish militants in the town of Afrin in Northern Aleppo.

The sources said that almost 1,000 forces of the FSA gunmen and the Turkish army kicked off a ground operation in the villages of the town of Rajou Northwest of Afrin amid the Turkish Air Force's heavy raids on the Kurds.

Also, the Turkish news agencies reported that the FSA militants entered the town of Afrin in coordination with Ankara forces.

Other sources reported that the Turkish Army tanks entered the town of Ezaz via Bab al-Hawa passageway after the Turkish army launched attacks on Afrin.

The sources said that the Turkish army dispatched more equipment, including tanks and buses carrying elite forces to the border town of Reihanli in Hatai province in Southern Turkey.

In the meantime, a Kurdish field commander rejected reports that claimed the Turkish forces entered Afrin, adding that militants of the Turkey-backed Euphrates Shield have been detected in Bolbol and Deir Balout Regions North of Atma'ah.

FARSNEWS2018/1/21
Afrin: Over 150 Kurdish Positions Destroyed, Turkey-Backed Militants Capture First Region
TEHRAN (FNA)- A sum of 153 positions of the Kurdish fighters have been destroyed in the Turkish Army and allied militants' operation codenamed Olive Branch in Afrin in Northern Syria, the Turkish Army Joint Staff announced on Sunday, adding that the Euphrates Shield militants have captured the first Kurdish region.

Chief of the Turkish Army Joint Staff announced that 153 positions of the Kurdish fighter in the town of Afrin have been damaged by the forces of the Olive Branch Operation.

He further said that a number of hideouts and arms depots of the Kurdish forces were among the destroyed positions, adding that the artillery units' heavy fire is still underway in Afrin.

Based on reports, the militants of the Ankara-backed Euphrates River have captured the village of Shinkal in Northern Aleppo.

In the meantime, the Kurdish sources said that tough battle is underway in the village of Shinkal in Rajou region in Afrin, adding the Kurdish fighters have thus far targeted and destroyed two Turkish tanks in the village of Sheran near Afrin.

Field sources reported earlier today that the Turkish Army troops and the Ankara-backed Free Syrian Army (FSA) have kicked off a major ground assault under the Olive Branch Operation against Kurdish militants in the town of Afrin in Northern Aleppo.

The sources said that almost 1,000 forces of the FSA gunmen and the Turkish army have kicked off a ground operation in the villages of the town of Rajou Northwest of Afrin amid the Turkish Air Force's heavy raids on the Kurds.

Also, the Turkish news agencies reported that the FSA militants have entered the town of Afrin in coordination with Ankara forces.

Other sources reported that the Turkish Army tanks entered the town of Ezaz via Bab al-Hawa passageway after the Turkish army launched attacks on Afrin.

The sources said that the Turkish army has dispatched more equipment, including tanks and buses carrying elite forces to the border town of Reihanli in Hatai province in Southern Turkey.

In the meantime, a Kurdish field commander rejected reports that claimed the Turkish forces entered Afrin, adding that militants of the Turkey-backed Euphrates Shield have been detected in Bolbol and Deir Balout Regions North of Atma'ah.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 17:04| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

トルコがシリアのアフリンを爆撃


手前の山には木が生えているように見えますが、建造物のはずです。


アフリンの南から北方向を映しています。手前の市街地と向こうの山の形で向きが分かります。




トルコのHassaからアフリンを見ています。





トルコ側から見た遠景とありますが。

以下の3枚はFARSNEWSから。






FARSNEWS2018/1/22
Northern Syria: Turkey-Backed Militants Preparing for Attacking Kurdish-Held Manbij
TEHRAN (FNA)- Dissident-affiliated websites disclosed on Monday that the Ankara-backed militants are preparing to launch an imminent attack on the town of Manbij that is still under the Kurdish fighters' control in Northeastern Aleppo.

The news websites reported that the Free Syrian Army (FSA), backed up by the Turkish army, is on alert to kick off an imminent operation against Kurds in Manbij following the Turkish forces and allied militants' attacks on Afrin, another Kurdish-held town in Aleppo province.

In the meantime, several FSA commanders confirmed that military preparations have been done for the operation, adding that they will storm Manbij in coming hours.

Field sources reported on Sunday that the Turkish Army troops and the Ankara-backed FSA kicked off a major ground assault under the Olive Branch Operation against Kurdish militants in the town of Afrin in Northern Aleppo.

The sources said that almost 1,000 forces of the FSA gunmen and the Turkish army kicked off a ground operation in the villages of the town of Rajou Northwest of Afrin amid the Turkish Air Force's heavy raids on the Kurds.

Also, the Turkish news agencies reported that the FSA militants entered the town of Afrin in coordination with Ankara forces.

Other sources reported that the Turkish Army tanks entered the town of Ezaz via Bab al-Hawa passageway after the Turkish army launched attacks on Afrin.

The sources said that the Turkish army dispatched more equipment, including tanks and buses carrying elite forces to the border town of Reihanli in Hatai province in Southern Turkey.

In the meantime, a Kurdish field commander rejected reports that claimed the Turkish forces entered Afrin, adding that militants of the Turkey-backed Euphrates Shield have been detected in Bolbol and Deir Balout Regions North of Atma'ah.


RT2018/1/21
‘US broken promises to stop arming Kurds triggered Afrin op’ – Turkey's ex-FM to RT
Turkey would not have embarked on a military campaign in Afrin if Washington had honored its promises to cut off supplies and support to Kurdish militias, Yasar Yakis, Turkey's former foreign minister told RT.

It was “to a very large extent” the US policy towards the Kurds which served as the catalyst for the Turkish offensive in northern Syria, the former diplomat and ambassador to the UN Office in Vienna, Egypt and Saudi Arabia said.

With President Recep Erdogan pledging to expand the military offensive beyond Afrin, extending it to Manbij, Turkey will engage the Americans, leading to the two powers clashing in a third country, he said. This would be “unacceptable in the alliance.”

Relations between the NATO allies “have been going from bad to worse in the last several years,” noted Joshua Landis, Director at the Center of Middle East Studies at the University of Oklahoma. “The US has begun to write Turkey off as a partner and a security ally in the region. Turkey felt increasingly that the US is siding with Kurdish nationalism in Syria, in Iraq, defying Turkish interests.” Landis believes.

Washington’s announcement to create a predominantly Kurdish border force in Syria was “the final straw” Landis said. Although the US later backtracked on the thousands-strong “Border Security Force,” its stated intention to maintain a military presence in Syria has further fuelled the flames.

“They don’t have to stay and arm and train a Kurdish-dominated security force,” Landis pointed out. Referring to President Donald Trump's reluctance to end military support to the Kurds and Washington's recent announcement that US troops will remain in Syria, Landis said “this change in American foreign policy is what has really driven Turkey to take this step.”

With the Turkish offensive in full swing, the US is going to face “a tough sledding ahead,” while its Kurdish allies “will see America having let them down,” Landis outlined. “What this is going to demand of the Kurds, is that they sacrifice their brothers in Afrin in order to build up autonomy in the eastern part of the country.”

RT2018/1/21
Turkish armored division supports Free Syrian Army's Afrin offensive
Turkish tanks are supporting the Free Syrian Army’s ground offensive on Kurdish positions in Syria’s Afrin region, as operation ‘Olive Branch’ enters its second day, local media reported.

The Turkish military reportedly faces no serious resistance from the Kurdish forces, which have retreated to towns and villages, Hurriyet reports citing military sources.

Earlier on Sunday three rockets fired from Syria hit the Turkish southern border town of Kilis according to the state-run Anadolu Agency, damaging several buildings.

Military convoys with one transporter carrying several tanks were spotted nearby, at the Oncupinar gate on the Turkish side of the border, Reuters reported citing its correspondent on the ground.

Since the launch of operation 'Olive Branch' the Turkish military has struck 153 targets, including units of Islamic State and Kurdish-linked PKK/KCK/PYD-YPG forces, which Ankara considers terrorists.

RT2018/1/21
Ground phase of Turkish attack on Afrin will start on Sunday – PM
Following an intense shelling and bombing attack on Kurdish positions in Afrin Saturday, Turkey's PM announced the ground phase of operation 'Olive Branch' will kick into gear Sunday.
Trends

“From tomorrow [Sunday], depending on developments, our ground units will perform the necessary activities [as part of the Operation Olive Branch],” Binali Yildirim told reporters. He claimed the first phase of the aerial campaign destroyed "nearly all" of the targets.

Several military trucks carrying tanks and other armored vehicles were already sighted at the border post of Oncupinar, ready to cross into the Turkish-controlled Syrian town of Azaz, footage provided by the Dogan news outlet showed.

“The goal of the Republic of Turkey is not, and may never be, to bring prejudice to the territorial integrity of Syria," Yildirim said, according to Anadolu News. "The rescue of our Turkmen brothers from oppression and persecution of terrorist organizations is one of the important goals of this operation.”

Following cross-border artillery shelling Friday and Saturday, Turkey deployed thousands of soldiers of the Free Syrian Army (FSA) to support their offensive to eliminate the Kurdish- aligned PKK, PYD, YPG militias and Islamic State fighters.

Some 72 Turkish jets struck 108 out of the 113 intended targets in Afrin Saturday. At least seven civilians, including a child, and three Kurdish fighters were killed in the city center, the YPG command said, adding that another 13 civilians were wounded. Turkey's General Staff, meanwhile, vowed to 'spare' Afrin civilians as it hunts down "terrorist" elements on its border.

RT2018/1/20
Russian MoD accuses US of stirring up tensions in northern Syria with arms supplies
The US is fuelling the crisis in northern Syria and the ongoing Turkish military operation against the Kurds through reckless weapon supplies to pro-American rebel groups, Russia's Defense Ministry has said.

“The Pentagon’s uncontrolled deliveries of modern weaponry to the pro-US militants in the north of Syria, including, according to our information, contributed to the rapid escalation of tensions and prompted the Turkish special operation,” the ministry said Saturday.

READ MORE: Turkish planes bomb Syrian Kurdish targets as Ankara-backed rebels enter Afrin (VIDEOS)

The “provocative actions” of Washington – the announcement of the creation of “border forces” and other activities aimed at the “disintegration of Syrian sovereignty, and supporting armed militant groups” have triggered an “extremely negative” reaction from Ankara, the ministry noted.

The ongoing Turkish military operation has prompted Russian forces, stationed in the region, to regroup and relocate military police units and Reconciliation Center operatives to the village of Tell-Adjar to the east of the city of Afrin. Russia continues to monitor the situation and is ready to provide help to civilians fleeing the combat zones, the ministry said in a separate statement.

Turkey has repeatedly voiced threats against Afrin, branding the People’s Protection Units (YPG) operating in the region as an offshoot of the banned Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), classed as a terrorist group by Ankara.

The Turkish government generally opposes all the Kurdish-led militias in Syria, including the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), claiming, they too have strong ties with the PKK, whose insurgency has been persisting in the south-eastern regions of Turkey for decades.

The YPG units are considered to be the backbone of the SDF militia.

Days before the Turkish operation, however, the US made clear it was not supporting the YPG units within the Afrin region. “We are not operating in Afrin. We are supporting our partners in defeating remaining ISIS pockets along the Middle Euphrates River Valley, specifically in areas north of Abu Kamal, on the eastern side of the Euphrates River,” spokesman for the US-led coalition Colonel Ryan Dillon said Tuesday.

The recent announcement by the US-led coalition to create a 30,000-strong “Syrian Border Force” operating under the SDF prompted angry reaction in Ankara, which vowed to take action against “terrorism.” And while the Afrin enclave was designated as the primary target, the operation would be “followed by [the SDF-controlled] Manbij” region, Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan stated.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 16:53| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

Syrian President: Turkish Op in Afrin Is Part of Ankara's Strategy to Support Terrorists

SOLinternational 2018/1/21
Turkish PM says maintains contact with Syrian government over operation in Afrin through Moscow
"We are communicating with the Syrian government through Moscow's mediation," Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım said
Turkish government maintains contact with Syria regarding the ongoing Turkish Armed Forces' operation in Afrin through the mediation of Moscow, Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım said on Sunday.

"We are communicating with the Syrian government through Moscow's mediation. The Free Syrian Army together with our units have entered Afrin. Russia has no objections regarding the operation. Iran's concerns are now being settled," Yıldırım said.

The Syrian government on Saturday denied Turkey had informed it of its planned military operation against Afrin. "Syria strongly condemns the brutal Turkish aggression on Afrin, which is an inseparable part of Syrian territory," a source from Syrian government told state-run SANA news agency. The source added that Turkey's move was yet another violation of Syria's sovereignty.

Syrian President Bashar Assad said on Sunday that Turkey's offensive against Syria's Afrin was along the lines of the country's policy which is built upon the support for terrorists.

On Saturday, the Turkish Armed Forces have launched an operation dubbed "Olive Branch" against the Kurdish forces in Syria's Afrin.

Syria had warned Turkish AKP government against launching a military operation in Syria's northwestern region of Afrin and said that Syrian air defences stood ready to defend against such an attack.

※ Brasco_Aad @Brasco_Aad氏の2018/1/22のツイート
The Turkish government officially refers to Syria as The Syrian State rather than the Assad Regime for the first time in years, implying official acceptance of sovereignty

FARSNEWS2018/1/21
Syrian President: Turkish Op in Afrin Is Part of Ankara's Strategy to Support Terrorists
TEHRAN (FNA)- Syrian President Bashar al-Assad on Sunday stressed that Turkish offensive in Afrin is part of Ankara's strategy based on supporting terrorists.

"Turkey's brutal attack against the Syrian city of Afrin is inseparable from Turkey policy, that was pursued by the Turkish regime since the first day of the Syrian crisis and which is based for the most part on supporting terrorism and terrorist groups under different names," Assad was quoted as saying by the SANA.

Ankara has launched a new air and ground operation around the area of Afrin in Syria to oust the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), which Ankara views as a terror organization and the Syrian branch of the outlawed Kurdish Workers’ Party (PKK).

Ankara opened a new front in Syria’s nearly seven-year-old war on Saturday, launching airstrikes against Kurdish fighters in Afrin in Aleppo province. According to reports, Turkish tanks are supporting the Free Syrian Army’s ground offensive on Kurdish positions in Syria’s Afrin region, as operation "Olive Branch" has started.

The Syrian government has condemned the “brutal Turkish aggression” against the Kurdish-controlled enclave of Afrin, rejecting Ankara’s claim about having informed Damascus of the operation.

The Damascus government had also made clear to Ankara that it considers Turkey’s military presence on its territory as a violation of its sovereignty, and warned that it will shoot down Turkish bombers in Syrian airspace.

RT2018/1/21
Missiles hit Turkish town near Syrian border, casualties reported
The Turkish border town of Reyhanli has been hit by missiles launched from Syria, Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdag said. The town’s mayor claimed there were dozens of people injured and at least one killed.

At least one person was killed and 32 others wounded, Reyhanli’s mayor Hussein Sanverdi told Turkish media.

Speaking to the Turkish channel NTV, Sanverdi said: “One Syrian lost his life. We have 32 injuries. Two are seriously injured,” according to Hurriyet.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu condemned the attack on Twitter. "I condemn in the strongest terms the indiscriminate rocket fire by PYD/YPG terrorists that killed one Syrian refugee and wounded 32 Turkish citizens in Reyhanli. This attack on innocent people shows the real face of PYD terrorists."

Photos emerged online apparently showing the aftermath of the missile attack. One man was pictured covered in blood while lying on the ground, while numerous photos of damaged vehicles were also posted to social media.

Four cars as well as business and residential properties were reportedly damaged in the attack. Police have been deployed to the area.

FARSNEWS2018/1/21
Kurds Still Adamant to Russian Offer after Turkish Invasion
TEHRAN (FNA)- One of the Kurdish movements in Afrin disclosed that the Kurds have turned down a Russian request to hand over areas under their control to the Syrian government.

Aldar Khalil, a senior member of the Kurdish movement of 'Democratic Society', said that the Kurdish fighters in Afrin have turned down Russia's proposal to deliver the regions under their control to Damascus, adding that they still insist on keeping the regions.

This is while the Turkish army has intensified air and ground attacks against the Kurds in Afrin in Aleppo province.

"Russia raised this demand but we will not deliver control of our territories to them and will defend all regions under our control," Khalil said.

The Turkish aggression started after Kurdish militants changed their earlier decision over surrendering their territories on the Western side of the Tishrin Dam on the Euphrates River to the Syrian government after the US offered its all-out support to the Kurds to train and equip a 30,000-strong army.

The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) had in April handed over several villages to the Syrian Army troops in Northern Aleppo under the monitoring of the Russian forces.

The SDF gave control of the villages of Kabashin, Borj Heidar and Fafrin Southeast of the town of Afrin and the villages of Zaof al-Kabir, Borj Qas and Bashmereh in the Nubl region to the Syrian army at the time.

Also, media reports said in early March that several villages controlled by the Kurdish forces in Northeastern Aleppo were handed over to the Syrian Army troops following a Russian-brokered agreement with Damascus.

The Arabic language desk of Sputnik quoted a source in March as saying that the Manbij Military Council delivered control of six villages to the Syrian army troops.

Sputnik added that the villages were in contact line with forces of the Turkey-led Euphrates Shield Operation in Manbij.

But the Kurds stopped delivering control of their regions to the Syrian government for unknown reasons.

An informed source said in April that Pentagon has demanded Kurdish forces to hand over the town of Tal Rifat and several nearby villages to Liwa al-Mo'atasem terrorist group.

The source who requested anonymity said that Liwa al-Mo'atasem terrorist group along with some of the commanders of the Free Syrian Army have accepted to negotiate with SDF under the US mediation.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:56| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

アフリンの次に米国兵士のいるマンビジに軍を進めるか

RT2018/1/21
Mattis says Turkey warned Pentagon before attacking US-backed Kurds
US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis says Turkey gave advance notice that it was planning to launch an attack on US-allied Kurdish militias in Syria, but he did not specify if Washington tried to dissuade Ankara.

”Turkey was candid,” Mattis told reporters aboard a plane traveling to Asia from the US. ”They warned us before they launched the aircraft they were going to do it, in consultation with us.”

On Saturday, Turkey launched a series of air strikes on the Kurdish enclave of Afrin in northwestern Syria, controlled by the YPG militia which Ankara considers to be a terrorist group. Turkish ground forces pushed into the territory Sunday, supported by loyal anti-Assad militants.

"Turkey is a NATO ally. It's the only NATO country with an active insurgency inside its borders. And Turkey has legitimate security concerns," said Mattis, who noted that gains against Islamic State did not soothe Turkey’s concerns over a breakaway Kurdish state on territory.

RT2018/1/21
Erdogan accuses allies of sending ‘thousands of planeloads' and 'truckloads of arms' to Kurds
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has turned on Ankara’s allies, insinuating that the US in particular has been providing massive military support to Kurdish YPG in Syria.

In a speech to his ruling AK Party Erdogan said that ‘some allies’ of Turkey had provided the YPG Syrian Kurdish militia with 2,000 planeloads and 5,000 truckloads of weapons.

“Now, apart from 5,000 trucks, there are weapons and ammunition from around 2,000 planes.” the Turkish leader said. He also accused Ankara’s allies of dishonesty when they say that they do not provide weapons for “terrorists,” referring to Kurdish-linked YPG forces.

The president also vowed to hand over Afrin to its “real owners,” explaining that he aims to return 3.5 million refugees back to Syria from Turkey as soon as possible.

This weekend, Turkey began operation ‘Olive Branch’ against Kurdish forces in Afrin, deploying jets and land forces.

RT2018/1/21
‘After Afrin, Americans feel threatened by Turkey’s vow to strike US-backed Kurds in Manbij’
With Turkish forces bombing Kurdish positions in Syria’s Afrin region and saying the next target is Manbij, controlled by US-backed Kurdish militia, Washington is starting to feel the heat, Middle East expert Ammar Waqqaf told RT.

As Turkey began its military campaign in northern Syria, the lack of US action came as little surprise, said Waqqaf, the director of the British think-tank Gnosos. “Americans have never been associated with that enclave in Afrin,” Waqqaf said, adding, there's been “no American presence, direct armament or funding.”

Yet, the US is now worried about the “announced objective of going to Manbij, which is directly affiliated with the Americans.” On Saturday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan vowed to drive what he called “terror filth” from the country “up to the Iraqi border.”

The warning is “a bit threatening to the US,” Waqqaf says. “Apparently, [the] Turks are saying they’re using their feet, telling the Americans –Look, we’re going to head on this and we hope you don’t do any military resistance, it would be a sorry situation, if we would have to shoot and be shot by an ally.”

While “there’s enough incentive for Turkey to continue” with the offensive, Washington and Ankara may still come to a compromise, Waqqaf believes. “What Erdogan said – 'there were promises in Manbij that weren’t kept, so we’re not going to stop' – that opens a door for further negotiations, perhaps to take out or further evacuate Kurdish militias from Manbij.” Ankara is “putting some pressure, hoping for some diplomatic gain from the Americans.”

However, with “no international mandate,” the US position in the region looks “untenable.” It is “a precarious situation,” with Washington not only unable to protect American-backed Kurdish militias, but also risking to lose a longstanding ally in Ankara. The Turkish government is “apparently pushing the envelope to see what happens” in Afrin, given that Syria and Russia have voiced their objections and the US being “not happy about it,” Waqqaf said.

RT2018/1/21
‘US managed to betray both Turks and Kurds’
There is nothing to be gained from carrying out the bidding of the US in Syria, and right now Turkey and the Kurds alike are learning this the hard way, independent political analyst Dan Glazebrook told RT.

Turkey officially launched a military operation against Kurdish-held enclaves in Syria called operation ‘Olive Branch’ on Saturday, comprising airstrikes and a ground offensive.

Ankara maintains that UN Security Council Resolutions 1624, 2170, and 2178 allow it to conduct operations against terrorists in Syria while preserving the territorial integrity of its neighbor.

RT discussed Turkey’s move and what provoked it with several analysts.

Dan Glazebrook, independent political analyst, said it is difficult to tell how the situation will evolve further in the Syria’s Afrin region, “but so far, Erdogan has been true to his words.”

“I have to admit, I initially suspected perhaps there would be some cross-border shelling, but they would not go as far as airstrikes or a ground invasion. And I was proved wrong,” Glazebrook told RT.

“It does look like Erdogan is determined to go all the way. And it really does highlight the dangers of the Anglo-American strategy in Syria for the last seven years, which has been to basically turn Syria into a complete free-for-all: all the states in the region to sponsor their own proxy militias and get involved and carry out airstrikes – Israel, Turkey, the US, anyone else. It is a really dangerous situation,” he said.

Last week, the US announced its plans to create a new armed force with the Kurds close to the Turkish border. After Turkey reacted with outrage to US plans, the Pentagon said it was not creating “a new ‘army’ or conventional ‘border guard’ force.”

Glazebrook noted it is amazing that the US in the past week has managed to “completely betray both its rival allies in this conflict.”

“First, betrayal of Turkey – announcing this Border Security Force, made up primarily of Kurds, without any consultation with Turkey. And then, as soon as Turkey makes an issue of it, immediately drop the Kurds altogether, saying ‘we have nothing to do with them’ and basically give Turkey a free hand to slaughter them. Betrayals left, right and center,” he added.

“I hope that the rest of the world really is paying attention that there is absolutely nothing to be gained from offering yourself up to carry out the bidding of empire, as Turkey is learning a very hard way right now and so are the Kurds, actually,” Glazebrook pointed out.

‘Crisis between two traditional NATO allies US and Turkey’

Ali Rizk, expert on Middle Eastern affairs and contributor to Al-Monitor, told RT the Turkish offensive against the Syrian Kurds “is a very significant development, and where it might lead is unknown.”

Rizk said that this undoubtedly means a crisis between two traditional NATO allies, the US and Turkey.

“It is a problem for Turkey, but it is also a major dilemma for the US: it is very likely that they were not expecting Turkey to follow through on these threats,” Rizk explained.

Ever since the American remarks about a “border army” in Syria, Turkey has been threatening to take action. Rizk said he doesn’t think that these words were taken very seriously by Washington.

“At the same time, it is also something that the Syrian government would object to – the Syrian government considers this to be a violation of its sovereignty,” he continued.

According to Rizk, “the reactions could come from everywhere: we have the US-Turkish dispute, as a result of what is happening, at the same time you have a dispute between the Syrian government and Turkey because the Syrian government has expressed its categorical rejection for any such steps. This could lead even to a confrontation between Syria and Turkey. There are a lot of possible scenarios which do lead to escalation, and now that it’s begun I think it might be very difficult to seize control of the situation.”
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:23| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

2018年01月20日

トルコと米の対立 ラブロフの動きを世界中が注目している

RT2018/1/20
Turkish planes bomb Syrian Kurdish targets as Ankara-backed rebels enter Afrin
Turkish aircraft have bombed Kurdish targets in Syria's Afrin, according to the Turkish prime minister. Turkish-backed Syrian opposition fighters have also entered the Kurdish enclave, state media reported.

“TSK (Turkish Armed Forces) has started airborne operations,” Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said at a party congress on Saturday, as quoted by Hurriyet. Yildirim said eight F-16 aircraft were involved in the aerial sortie.


“As of this moment our brave Armed Forces have started the aerial offensive to eliminate the PYD and PKK and [Islamic State] elements in Afrin,” Yildirim said.

Turkey’s General Staff has officially declared the start of the operation, dubbing it ‘Operation Olive Branch,’ according to a statement cited by Turkish newspaper Sol.

AP journalists at the Turkish border reported seeing at least five jets heading toward Afrin. Also sighted was a convoy of buses, believed to be carrying Syrian opposition fighters, and trucks mounted with machine guns.

The US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have meanwhile accused Turkey of using cross-border shelling as a false pretext to launch an offensive into Syria, according to Reuters. The SDF, an alliance of Kurdish and Arab militias fighting Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS), said it will have no choice but to defend itself if attacked. The alliance controls areas in Syria’s east and north.

Russia’s Foreign Ministry said Moscow is closely following the situation, citing concerns over recent developments in the area. The ministry’s statement called on all sides in the conflict to exercise restraint.

It comes after Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said earlier on Saturday that Ankara had “de facto” begun its operation against Kurdish forces in Afrin. He said the operation would be “followed by Manbij,” referring to the Kurdish-controlled town in northern Syria.






RT2018/1/20
US trying to create alternative govt on Syrian land – Lavrov on Afrin crisis
The US is working to create alternative government systems on Syrian territory which goes against its promises to respect the country’s territorial integrity, Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov has said.

Responding to a question posed by RT’s Caleb Maupin at Friday's briefing at UN Headquarters in New York, Lavrov commented on America's role in the crisis in northern Syria, which escalated into a new Turkish-Kurdish conflict after news of Washington’s plans to create a “border force” comprising of Kurds. Despite the Americans backtracking on its statement, and saying they were misunderstood, Ankara, which considers the Kurdish-dominated YPG force terrorists, said it was launching a military operation against the Syrian Kurdish enclave. Lavrov said the developments were only a part of the pattern of US policy in Syria.

“It’s a fact that US forces are seriously involved in creating alternative government bodies on vast part of the Syrian territory. And this, of course, absolutely contradicts their own obligations, which they committed to on numerous occasions, including at the UN Security Council, on maintaining the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of Syria,” Lavrov said.

Washington's inconsistency on Syria is also “quite characteristic of modern US diplomacy, including the reasons for the American presence there, and the reasons for the actions of the coalition, which they command,” Lavrov added. Russia is “concerned” by the US' actions in the country, he said, adding, that he had discussed the situation with the US Secretary of State on numerous occasions.

“Rex Tillerson told me many times that the only reason for their presence there [in Syria] is defeating Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISL). Now they have some much more long-standing plans,” Lavrov said. “We will have to take this into account and look for solutions that won’t allow the destruction of Syrian sovereignty.”

A Turkish journalist asked Lavrov about media reports that Russian forces have been withdrawn from the Afrin area. “Those reports have been refuted,” the diplomat replied.

Earlier Friday, Turkey's Defense Minister Nurettin Canikli said his country’s troops haven’t entered Afrin yet, but “the operation [against the Kurds] has actually de facto started with cross-border shelling.” The Syrian government made clear to Ankara that it considers Turkey’s military presence on its territory as a violation of its sovereignty, and warned that it will shoot down Turkish jets in Syrian airspace.

The US currently has an estimated 2,000 troops on the ground in Syria, deployed in the country without consent from Damascus. The Americans were involved in the Kurdish operation to capture the city of Raqqa from Islamic State jihadists last year. However, despite the defeat of the Islamists, Washington said it has no intention of withdrawing its forces.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 16:34| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

トルコは地上部隊の攻撃の前に6日間で空軍や砲撃部隊によりアフリンを攻撃する予定

FARSNEWS2018/1/19
Media Reports Disclose Details of Turkish Army Plans to Attack Afrin
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Turkish army will attack 150 targets of the Kurdish forces in Afrin in Aleppo province before launching ground offensives in the region, media reports said.

The Arabic-language al-Hadath news quoted the Turkish Haberturk newspaper as reporting that the Turkish army will launch heavy attacks on 150 Kurdish positions before starting the ground operations in Afrin.

It added that the Turkish intelligence forces have specified 149 Kurdish targets, including fixed positions and vehicles, from last October to January 16, 2018, reporting that the operations will take 6 days and the Turkish air force and artillery units, stationed at the borders, will participate in them.

According to the report, given the fact that the Kurds have built strongholds and ditches in 9 regions of Afrin, the Turkish forces will send special units skilled in war of attrition, if necessary, to carry out final cleansing operations in Afrin.

Meantime, the Turkish Milliyet newspaper reported that the country's joint chief of staff has adopted the marching tactic by using armored tanks which are equipped with jamming systems, after airstrikes.

A Kurdish media outlet reported on Thursday that Ankara-backed militant groups have intensified attacks on the Kurdish forces' positions in Northern Aleppo amid reports on the Turkish army's imminent operation in Afrin and Manbij regions.

The Kurdish-language Hawar news reported that the Turkish forces deployed in Sejiyeh border checkpoint targeted Kurdish forces' positions near the village of Marwaniyeh in Shi'eh area in Jajdariseh region in the town of Afrin.

In the meantime, the mortar and missile units of the Turkish army and its affiliated militant groups deployed in Qala Sam'an pounded the village of Karzileh in Shirwa region, the villages of Shadireh and Iska, nearby regions of the village of Jomleh in Shirwa, Hawar news further said.

On the other hand, forces of the Euphrates Shield targeted Kurdish forces' positions near the village of al-Mohsenli Northwest of Manbij, fueling fierce clashes between two sides.

RT2018/1/19
Ankara says ‘has no option’ but to attack Syrian Kurds in Afrin, starts cross-border shelling
Ankara has no option but to carry out a military op in the Syrian enclave of Afrin, Turkey’s defense minister said. The operation has ‘de facto started’ with cross-border shelling, he added.

Turkey would continue discussing its operation in Afrin with Russia, Nurettin Canikli said on Friday in an interview with broadcaster AHaber.

The Kurdish YPG militias confirmed the Turkish minister’s announcement of the shelling in Afrin region, saying it has started around midnight and continued into Friday morning and targeted Kurdish villages.

The Turkish government considers Kurdish militias in Syria to be an extension of the militant movement, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which is seen as a terrorist organization by Ankara.

Last week’s news that Washington was training the predominantly Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) to form a 30,000-strong “border force” based in Afrin infuriated the Turks. The US has since backtracked on the announcement in an apparent attempt to defuse Turkish anger, but belligerent statements from Ankara have continued.

Meanwhile, the Syrian government warned on Thursday that it may shoot down Turkish warplanes delivering airstrikes on its territory. Damascus said its air defenses have been restored and are ready to defend the nation’s sovereignty.

Turkish Kurds protested against the planned intervention, taking to the streets in their thousands and chanting slogans like “Afrin will be your graveyard.”

As the Turkish military apparently prepare for a new operation in Syria, their engineers have reportedly completed the first phase of a security system along a wall that has been erected on the Turkey-Syria border. Spanning 20km of the border in the Afrin area, the ‘Kayi Border Security System’ features sensors and remotely controlled weapons to defend Turkey against possible trespassers, news agency Anadolu reported on Friday.

Turkey has erected a concrete wall along a large part of its 911km border with Syria in recent years, and is enhancing the structure with extra security measures in some places. The additional security is intended to deal with humans, vehicles and drones; as well as boasting underground sensors to detect tunnel diggers.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:55| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

2018年01月19日

Tillerson touts indefinite US presence in Syria & Assad must go in ‘new’ plan

RT2018/1/18
Tillerson touts indefinite US presence in Syria & Assad must go in ‘new’ plan
Echoing previous administrations, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has said the “new” strategy in Syria will involve a long-term American military presence and regime change in order to secure US interests.

Speaking at Stanford University's Hoover Institution Wednesday, Tillerson sought to distance President Donald Trump’s policy in Syria from former President Barack Obama’s approach.

“We cannot make the same mistakes that were made in 2011, when a premature departure from Iraq allowed Al-Qaeda in Iraq to survive and eventually morph into ISIS,” Tillerson said.

Instead, he said, the US now intends to maintain an open-ended military presence in Syria, and that the American mission in the country will be “conditions based.”

Tillerson said the US will remain in Syria until several “key end states” are met. These include, the defeat of Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS), the overthrow of Syrian President Bashar Assad, and stamping out the Iranian influence in the country.

However, his talking points are eerily similar to those made by the previous administrations.
Islamic State

Tillerson made clear that US troops will remain in Syria until IS and Al-Qaeda are defeated.

“Let us be clear, the United States will maintain a military presence in Syria, focused on ensuring ISIS cannot reemerge,” Tillerson said, adding that the terrorist organizations are “still a grave threat.”

He said the US would stay in the country until “ISIS and Al-Qaeda in Syria suffer an enduring defeat; do not present a threat to the homeland; and do not resurface in a new form; and that Syria never again serves as a platform or safe haven for terrorists to organize, recruit, finance, train and carry out attacks on American citizens at home or abroad or against our allies.”

Ungoverned spaces, especially in conflict zones, are breeding grounds for IS and other terrorist organizations. The fight against IS is not over, he said.

“ISIS currently has one foot in the grave, and by maintaining an American military presence in Syria until the full and complete defeat of ISIS is achieved, it will soon have two,” Tillerson said.

His speech resounded with the same points previously made by Obama, who was still sending more Special Forces into Syria to fight IS up until the end of his presidency.

The US Secretary of State’s remarks also go directly against one of Trump’s campaign promises that he would “pursue a new foreign policy that finally learns from the mistakes of the past.”
Assad

“We will stop looking to topple regimes and overthrow governments, folks,” Trump said during the first stop of his “thank you” tour in 2016.

Tillerson, however, appeared to deviate from Trump’s script, and said the US must ensure the Assad is overthrown “through an incremental process of constitutional reform and UN-supervised elections.”

“A stable, unified and independent Syria ultimately requires post-Assad leadership in order to be successful,” Tillerson said. “The departure of Assad through the UN-led Geneva process will create the conditions for a durable peace within Syria and security along the border for Syria’s neighbors.”

Tillerson urged Moscow to implement UN Security Council resolution 2254, which he said was a “political framework for peace and stability in a unified Syria.”

The resolution, which was passed in 2015, calls for free and open elections in Syria, which Tillerson said would “result in the permanent departure of Assad and his family from power.”

However, after the resolution was passed, former US Secretary of State John Kerry said it would “facilitate a transition within Syria to a credible, inclusive, nonsectarian governance within six months.”

“The process would lead to the drafting of a new constitution and arrangements for internationally supervised election within 18 months,” Kerry said in a statement.

Tillerson’s policy mirrors the Obama administration’s, which also insisted that Assad must be overthrown. “The future of Syria must be determined by its people, but President Bashar al-Assad is standing in their way,” then-President Obama said in a written statement. “For the sake of the Syrian people, the time has come for President Assad to step aside.”
Iran

Tillerson also said the US would remain until “Iranian influence in Syria is diminished, their dreams of a northern arch are denied, and Syria’s neighbors are secure from all threats emanating from Syria.”

“US disengagement from Syria would provide Iran the opportunity to further strengthen its position in Syria,” Tillerson added. “As a destabilized nation and one bordering Israel, Syria presents an opportunity that Iran is all too eager to exploit.”

His remarks here also echo the previous administration, which also linked their strategy in Syria to Iran.

In 2012, Obama said that if Syria were able to have a representative government, it would “be a profound loss for Iran.”

However, Obama later backed off from this strategy as the Iran nuclear deal beckoned. Trump has repeatedly warned that the US will withdraw from the deal if it is not changed.

“I am waiving the application of certain nuclear sanctions, but only in order to secure our European allies' agreement to fix the terrible flaws of the Iran nuclear deal. This is a last chance,” Trump said in a statement last week. “In the absence of such an agreement, the United States will not again waive sanctions in order to stay in the Iran nuclear deal. And if at any time I judge that such an agreement is not within reach, I will withdraw from the deal immediately.”
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 20:31| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

米国東部ハリスバーグで保安官が令状執行中に殺害され 数人の警察官が負傷

RT2018/1/18
US marshal killed, several police officers injured in Harrisburg shooting
A US marshal was killed and at least two officer were wounded when gunfire broke out during the service of a warrant, the mayor said.

“Harrisburg mourns the loss this morning of a US Marshal who died protecting our residents. While service a warrant as part of the US Marshal’s task force, three officers were shot, including a Harrisburg police officer, who was wounded," Papenfuse said in a statement on Thursday.

Harrisburg Mayor Eric Papenfuse said three officers were shot, including a Harrisburg cop. He did not specifify if the US Marshal was included in the count.

The US marshal died in hospital, according to PennLive.com.

Dauphin County District Fran Chardo said in a earlier news conference that there is no danger to the public.

“This was part of US Marshals taskforce warrant service. There was use of force and gunfire. It was a large-scale investigation [with] multiple agencies involved,” Dauphin County District Attorney Fran Chardo told reporters on Thursday. “There is no current danger to the public. The person who used that force is not at large.”
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:10| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

トルコがクルド居住地域を空爆すれば撃墜することもあるとシリアが警告

RT2018/1/18
Damascus warns it may shoot down Turkish planes attacking Kurds within Syrian borders
The Syrian government warned Turkey against launching a bombing campaign in the Syrian province of Afrin, saying its air defenses may be used. Ankara had threatened airstrikes against Afrin-based Kurdish militias.

“We warn the Turkish leadership that if they initiate combat operations in the Afrin area, that will be considered an act of aggression by the Turkish Army,” Syrian Deputy Foreign Minister Faisal Meqdad said in a statement reported by state media.

"The Syrian air defenses have restored their full force and they are ready to destroy Turkish aviation targets in Syrian Arab Republic skies," it added.

The statement comes after Turkish officials threatened to attack Kurdish militias in the area to prevent the creation of a US-backed “border force” based in the Afrin area in northwest Syria. Washington has since tried to downplay the planned 30,000-strong force, which Ankara branded a “terror army.”

Previously, the Turkish military operation in Syria in 2016-17 went virtually unopposed by the Syrian Army. The operation targeted both Kurdish militias and fighters of the jihadist group Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS).

アフリンにはアラブ人もいます。彼らにしてみればクルドに徴用されたり、爆撃されたりする恐れが強まり、ダマスカスの政府に助けを求めます。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:01| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

2018年01月18日

クルドの国境警備部隊をめぐる米国とトルコの対立

2018/1/15夜時点で書いたクルド国境警備部隊問題のまとめです。同報メールで発信しました。

・・・・・

2018/1/13の土曜に米国が米国主導勢力の決定として、シリア・イラクとトルコの国境地帯にクルド人が主体の国境警備部隊を3万名規模で作ると発表しています。

トルコは寝耳に水。シリア問題での米国主導勢力の一員であるにもかかわらず事前の相談がなかったとカンカンです。シリア北西部のクルド人の町アフリンを攻撃する準備を進めています。

昨年11月、エルドアンとトランプの電話会談でエルドアンが米国のYPG支援を止めるよう要求、トランプが武器の供与は行わないと約束したとトルコ側は何度も強調しています。
それにもかかわらず、米国は次々に武器、車両などをYPG、SDFに供与してきました。

クルドが国境を警備するということは、支配地域の統治を行うことに他なりません。北側のトルコ国境だけでなく南の側でも国境を設定して警備すればシリアの領土分割になります。

米国は、これまではテロリスト掃討という名目で軍隊を送り、空爆してきましたが、ISISが風前の灯となり、シリアに米軍を残すためにクルドと組んだのです。
クルドが強くなれば、トルコのこれまでの軍事・治安の努力は水の泡です。
エルドアンは、国境警備部隊が発足する前につぶすと宣言しました。
ロシアは、シリアの領土の一体性を損なうと強い懸念を表明、ロシアの国会議員はロシアの国益に反するとまで言っています。
シリアはもちろん強く批判。
イランとイラクの反応がまだ聞こえていませんが、当然批判します。

ここでただちにトルコと米国が戦うことにはならないでしょう。トルコはロジャバなどクルド人の人口密度の濃い地域を一気に攻撃してくるでしょう。そして国境警備隊を編成する暇を与えない作戦に出るはずです。

米軍の露骨な居座り作戦にそういう国だと分かっていても図々しすぎるとの感が否めませんが、米国はロシア、イランに接近したトルコが憎い、憎いがゆえにこの構想を打ち出したのでしょう。

最近、SDFはISISテロリストと混合しています。米国のテロリスト温存策の一環であることは明らかで、ロシアが強く反発するのもそれが自国に降りかかる恐れがあるからです。

トルコがクルド人地域を激しく攻撃することとなれば、シリアの和平交渉はとんざするかもしれません。米国の狙いの一つはそこかもしれません。

マンビジでは、SDFが青年二人を拷問して死なせたとして反クルドの抗議行動が起きています。アフリンではSDFの徴発、徴用に反対する市民のデモが起きました。

シリアの和平に向けた道のりがまた遠くなりそうです。

経済的には、トルコには大きな負担です。トルコリラは下落しています。

・・・1/18追記・・・

この後、トルコ軍トップがNATOを訪問し、NATOメンバーが脅威を受けている、NATOは態度を明確にすべきだと申し入れ。エルドアンもNATOのトップに電話をしています。

並行してトルコはシリア国境沿いに軍を展開、高台には巡航ミサイル、トマホークの発射装置を設置したとの情報があります。

トルコ外相は、シリア国内のクルド戦闘員を攻撃することがありうること、戦闘停止区域にいるオブザーバーに害が及ばないようロシア、イランと可能な作戦を調整することもあると述べています。
He reiterated that Ankara could attack Kurdish militias in Syria, and said it would coordinate a possible operation with Russia and Iran to make sure their observers in the area are not harmed.

米国国務省は、この国境警備部隊は、解放されたのち統治されていない地域でISISが再登場できないようにするために欠かせない措置と言っています。
“It is also essential so that ISIS cannot re-emerge in liberated and ungoverned areas. This is not a new ‘army’ or conventional ‘border guard’ force,” it added in relation to the SDF force, which would be based in the north-western Syrian area of Afrin.

デリゾールの戦いの最中、米軍はISISの指揮者クラスをヘリコプターで救出、避難させていますし、ISISの家族を含め何千人という人をバスやトラックで避難させました。この避難にはSDFが関与しているとされています。ISISの再興を防ぐ?! 笑わせるな!! です。

米国国務長官ティラーソンは、発言を後退させています。彼の発言は風車のように変わることで知られていますが。
We are not creating a border security force at all,” he said on Tuesday. “I think it’s unfortunate that comments made by some left that impression. That is not what we’re doing.”

クルドは、米国がクルドの主張するシリアの連邦制を支持したと発信しています。トルコとしては連邦制でクルドがより強い権力を握ることは絶対に反対なはずですから、ここはロシアやイランの力も借りてクルドをつぶすことがまさに焦眉の急になったわけです。シリア政府に対しては、むしろしっかりしてほしいとの立場に変るでしょう。

トルコのクーデター未遂事件の背後にはCIAがいるとの説が根強く流れており、エルドアンは米国に対する信頼を捨てたでしょう。おそらく本当に米軍に対してもドンパチやりかねない、そうなったらシリアに送り込んでいる数千人の米軍兵士にも犠牲者が出ることになります。

トルコは、テロリストの陣営に米国人がいることが悪い。巻き添えを食うのは覚悟だろうと言えます。あるいは、米軍が空爆でシリアの民間人を多数殺害した場合によく使う "mistake" だったと言うか。

米国トルコ関係は緊張の度が増しています。米国は、北朝鮮問題では韓国と日本に高額な武器の売り込みに成功しましたので元は取れたというところでしょうが、エルサレム問題、アフガン・パキスタン問題に続いてまたもつまずきました。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 23:46| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

日本は米国から購入したミサイルでロシアと中国を狙っているのか

RT2018/1/17
Is Japan aiming its US-bought missile systems at Russia & China?
Japan’s efforts to acquire US missile defense systems under the pretext of a North Korean strike have sparked concerns in Moscow. Experts believe the weapons might be deployed with an eye on Russia and China.

Japan insists that its decision to boost its ballistic missile defense systems by approving the purchase and deployment of two Aegis Ashore units is driven by the “urgent threat” posed by Pyongyang. The US made system, expected to be operational by 2023, was approved in December and cost Tokyo $2 billion.

Defence Minister Itsunori Onodera’s statement that Japan could use the Aegis Ashore not only against ballistic missiles, but also to intercept a greater range of weapons such as incoming cruise missiles have raised serious concern among its neighbours.

The system’s deployment is likely more to do with concerns over China and Russia, believes Jeff Kingston, the director of Asian Studies at the Temple University in Japan.

“Clearly the most urgent threat is from Pyongyang so that is driving this decision but this deployment has wider implications given concerns about China and Russia given their more advanced capabilities,” he told RT via email.

Dr. Joseph Gerson, the president of the Campaign for Peace, Disarmament and Common Security argues that a potential North Korean missile attack which Tokyo claims to be defending itself against is in fact “unlikely,” although not completely impossible. He added that Japan’s missile program is seemingly “designed to defend the island nation and US military bases from possible future Chinese or Russian missile attacks.”

Justifying military buildup at what cost?

A former Australian diplomat says Tokyo is exploiting tensions in the region to justify its own military buildup.

“Of course, Japan will say [the missile defense program] is just directed against North Korea, when everyone knows the chances of North Korea seeking to attack Japan are minimal,” said Gregory Clark, a former Australian diplomat and a specialist in international relations and security.

Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe needs these tensions to justify the defence legislation overhaul he advocates, as well as to enhance Japan’s military capabilities and its role abroad. Such a policy pushes him right into the arms of the US, and makes Japan an active supporter of American military strategy in the region and beyond, Clark explained.

“Incidentally, Mr. Abe is making a totally unnecessary visit to the Baltic states to show his support for US and NATO policies in Europe,” he added.

This policy could also potentially put Tokyo on a collision course with Moscow, he warns. He said the US missile defence systems could become a “matter of adding weight to and contributing to overall Western policies” that involve “putting pressure on alleged adversaries, including Russia.”

The deployment of the Aegis Ashore system in Japan could push Moscow into even closer cooperation with Beijing aimed particularly at countering pressure exerted by the US and its allies, Clark said, and could possibly torpedo Russian-Japanese negotiations over the disputed Kuril Islands.

On Monday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said the systems deployed in Japan could be used for offensive purposes under the full control of Washington.

Lavrov’s statement comes on the heels of a Japanese media report stating that the missile defence systems were particularly designed to be a deterrent against Russia in the region, and that its deployment fits in with Washington's strategy of countering Moscow. The report cited an unnamed Japanese defence official who said the missile systems’ deployment was aimed at “curbing” Russia’s missile capabilities “to its east.”

Moscow doubts Japan’s claims that the missile systems would be controlled by Tokyo.

“We have heard that it will be Japan that will allegedly operate this system, and the United States will have nothing to do with it, but we have serious doubts that it is so,” Lavrov said Monday.

Aleksandr Zhilin, a retired Russian Armed Forces colonel and a military reporter, believes such concerns are justified. It's highly unlikely that Japan would control the US missile systems, he told RT, adding, that all such statements to the contrary are apparently designed to serve as a disguise. The US is behind the deployment and it clearly does so with an eye on Russia and China, he said.
‘Means for pre-emptive strike’

Apart from being an apparent deterrent against Russia and China, the deployment of the US-made Aegis Ashore missile defense systems in Japan has another far-reaching implication that could further worsen an already tense security situation in the region. These systems could presumably be used both as a cover for and as a means of a pre-emptive strike by the US and its allies.

“Given that so-called missile defenses can also serve as the shield for first strike swords, neighbouring nations will understandably see missile defences as potentially offensive weapons,” said Gerson. The deployment would mark another step in a regional arms race that only increases tensions and puts regional powers on the brink of a “catastrophic war,” he warns.

Zhilin notes that the Aegis' capabilities are limited and the system doesn’t pose any challenge to Russia, as it has “effective penetration aids.” Its deployment in Japan actually nullifies Japan’s security instead of enhancing it, as it becomes a potential target for missile strikes precisely because of the existence of these systems on its territory.

Aegis Ashore is not just a defensive weapon that could be used to weaken a potential missile strike, thus making a pre-emptive blow a more plausible option in case of a conflict between major powers. It can also be converted into an offensive weapon.

Derived from a naval antiballistic missile system, Aegis Ashore launches interceptors using a variant of the Mk 41 VLS vertical launch system. The same system is used by the US Navy to launch Tomahawk cruise missiles that could be equipped with nuclear warheads.

If deployed in Japan, these launchers would have most of China’s developed coastal area, as well as Russia’s Sakhalin and Primorsky Kray regions within range.

A further military buildup, in fact, does not serve the interests of any regional players, as it would only lead to a further escalation of tensions and could jeopardize earlier agreements, Gerson noted. Exerting pressure on each other is also just another dead end.

“It is an urgent necessity for the nations of Northeast Asia, as well as the United States, to end regional arms races, military threats and provocative military exercises,” Gerson said, calling “common security diplomacy” the “best way forward.”

“It is difficult to envision meaningful pressure being placed on Japan to abandon its missile defence program,” he added. “Rather than pressure, common security negotiations leading to the creation of a Northeast Asia Nuclear Weapons Free Zone would be far more effective.”

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 16:07| Comment(3) | 国際・政治

2018年01月17日

エルドアンが強硬姿勢を強調 ロシアやイランを引き込んで戦うトルコの姿勢に米軍が怯む

RT2018/1/18
US backtracks on ‘Kurdish border force’, Turkey cites record of broken promises
Turkey said it was unimpressed by US attempts to downplay a planned 30,000-strong, predominantly Kurdish border force in northern Syria. The Turkish foreign minister said the US had lied about supporting the Kurds in the past.

Washington must take concrete steps to address Ankara’s concerns about Kurdish militias in Syria, Mevlut Cavusoglu told CNN Turk on Thursday, after top US officials tried to repair damage done by the training plan. He reiterated that Ankara could attack Kurdish militias in Syria, and said it would coordinate a possible operation with Russia and Iran to make sure their observers in the area are not harmed.

Earlier, Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said it was up to Washington to alter its Syrian policy and re-engage with Turkey. “The practices of our NATO ally [the] US in Syria are unfortunately wrong and against the spirit of alliance. The US should end confusion over the region's future, and change its attitude towards peace and restoring relations with Turkey," he said, as cited by Anadolu news agency.

Washington’s announcement last week that it would help its ally, the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), to set up a force of some 30,000 fighters along the border with Turkey angered Ankara. The SDF primarily consists of the Kurdish militia YPG, which is considered by the Turkish government to be an extension of the militant movement Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which has been fighting a guerrilla war for decades. Following outcry from Turkey, the US is apparently rowing back on the plan.

“The US continues to train local security forces in Syria. The training is designed to enhance security for displaced persons returning to their devastated communities,” the Pentagon said in a statement on Wednesday.

“It is also essential so that ISIS cannot re-emerge in liberated and ungoverned areas. This is not a new ‘army’ or conventional ‘border guard’ force,” it added in relation to the SDF force, which would be based in the north-western Syrian area of Afrin.

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson also downplayed the story after meeting his Turkish counterpart Mevlut Cavusoglu in Canada. “That entire situation has been misportrayed, misdescribed. Some people misspoke. We are not creating a border security force at all,” he said on Tuesday. “I think it’s unfortunate that comments made by some left that impression. That is not what we’re doing.”

News of the training program was initially reported by the Defense Post and was later confirmed by US military officials. The reported plan was to redeploy 15,000 members of the SDF to “a new mission in the Border Security Force as their actions against ISIS draw to a close,” and gradually double their number by training additional troops, with a group of 230 recruits already in training.

The plan sparked outrage in Turkey, which called the planned force a “terror army” and said it would not hesitate to attack it. In August 2016, Ankara launched a military operation in Syria, targeting both Kurdish militias and armed groups loyal to the terrorist group Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS). The Operation Euphrates Shield lasted for over seven months.

The continued US support of Kurdish militias in Syria and Iraq has been a major factor behind the deterioration of relations between Ankara and Washington. The Americans helped the SDF to lay siege on the Syrian city of Raqqa and take control of it from IS last year, supporting the offensive with artillery shelling and airstrikes, as well as propping up the militias with special operation groups and military instructors.

The US plans to keep troops in Syria for an undetermined period of time, claiming it is necessary in order to protect Washington’s interests in the region. The deployment violates Syrian sovereignty, as the US has neither an invitation from Damascus nor a mandate from the UN Security Council to do it.


FARSNEWS2018/1/17
Turkey to Prevent All Military Support to Syrian Kurds(抄)
TEHRAN (FNA)- Chief of the General Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces, Gen. Hulusi Akar said Ankara intends to prevent all military support to Syrian Kurds' People's Protection Units (YPG), which it considers an extension of Turkey's Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), and urges NATO to treat all terrorist groups equally.

"We cannot and will not allow the terrorist organization, YPG, which has been proven as an extension of the PKK, to be supported and armed under the guise of it being an ‘operational partner’," Akar said, as quoted by Anadolu news agency.

The Turkish military chief added that NATO should not give a preferential approach to any terrorist groups.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has also said Ankara expects NATO to take an official stance on the creation of a ‘terrorist army’ along the Turkish border in Syria, referring to the planned 30,000-strong US-backed mostly Kurdish force.

Erdogan added that the US-led defense block, of which Turkey has been a part for decades, must clarify its stance on the planned Afrin-based border force as envisioned by Washington.

“I would like to call upon NATO,” Erdogan told on Tuesday members of the ruling party in the Turkish parliament, stressing that “You have to take actions against the ones who threaten the border security of your Allies.”

In a phone call Tuesday, Turkish leader told NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg that Ankara would take all necessary precautions to ensure its national security. Erdogan added that arming Kurdish forces Ankara believes to be linked to the banned PKK party is "completely unacceptable." Stoltenberg said NATO understood Turkey’s concerns regarding the matter.

Erdogan called US-backed Syrian Border Force using Kurdish fighters a “terrorist army,” vowing to “drown” it before it’s complete.

“Our duty is to drown this terrorist force before it is born,” the Turkish leader said on Monday, adding that the 30,000-srtrong army of “traitors” that Washington seeks to create will point their guns against US troops at the first threat.

“This is what we have to say to all our allies: don't get between us and terrorist organizations, or we will not be responsible for the unwanted consequences,” Erdogan said, adding that Turkish forces will battle “until not a single terrorist remains along our borders, let alone 30,000 of them.”

Turkey is ready “at any moment” to start an operation in a besieged border area of Syria, the President stressed.

“The Turkish Armed Forces will resolve the Afrin and Manbij issue as soon as possible. Our preparations are finalized, an operation may start at any moment,” Recep Tayyip Erdogan told an opening ceremony in the capital, Ankara.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu has also criticized the recently announced plan of the US to form a so-called border army led by Kurdish fighters in Syria.

Cavusoglu said "The US must clarify which side it is on, whether it chooses to be with its allies or terror groups?"

The Turkish Foreign Minister warned that "We will take our own measures [against terror groups]. Regardless of who backs them; whether it is the US or other countries, it doesn't matter to us."
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 23:33| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

米加主催の北朝鮮問題サミットを中国が批判

RT2018/1/17
Beijing blasts ‘illegal’ US & Canada-led summit for evoking Korean War ghosts
China has criticized the US and Canada for holding a summit of nations, most of which supported Seoul during the 1950s war on the Korean Peninsula, saying evoking Cold War ghosts has no place in the world today.

The summit in Vancouver brought together foreign ministers and top officials from 20 nations, who agreed to ramp up pressure on Pyongyang through additional economic sanctions on top of those imposed by the UN Security Council. China and Russia, which both border North Korea and are major players in the ongoing crisis, were not invited.

Commenting on the results of the event, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang dismissed the summit, saying it “has not the slightest legality and representativeness to speak of.”

“It is the 21st century, and everyone is concerned about and working towards properly and peacefully resolving the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue. But some parties dusted off the Cold War term of ‘UN Command’ and convened a meeting where major parties to the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue are not represented,” he noted.

The term he referred to was used for the command of the US-controlled military coalition, which intervened in the civil war in Korea and saved the West-leaning south from the Communist North’s onslaught. The force received a UN Security Council mandate for the involvement. The Soviet Union’s envoy to the UN boycotted the body’s meeting on June 25, 1950, as part of a pressure campaign to replace the Chinese nationalist government based in Taiwan with those of Communists in Beijing, so neither China nor the USSR could veto the resolution.

The UN Command left no city in the north of Korea standing and was only stopped by a Chinese ‘volunteer’ army, resulting in the ongoing partitioning of the peninsula. For North Koreans, the traumatic experience of standing up to American intervention is one of the cornerstones of its state-building mythology. So whatever message the gathering of Pyongyang’s enemies during the war was supposed to send, what the North Korean government is likely to hear is the threat of war. And probably feel more justified in pursuing a nuclear deterrence against the US. But that’s not how the organizers of the event in Vancouver view it.

“Our message is clear,” Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said in an indirect address to Pyongyang. “The pursuit of nuclearization will bring you neither security nor prosperity. Investing in nuclear weapons will lead only to more sanctions and to perpetual instability on the peninsula.”

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson accused Moscow and China of failing to properly implement UN-mandated sanctions: “We cannot abide lapses or sanctions evasions. We will continue to call attention to and designate entities and individuals complicit in such evasive actions.”

Moscow, which has expressed doubt over Washington’s strategy of pressuring North Korea into dismantling its nuclear arsenal, earlier called the meeting “destructive.” Moscow and Beijing believe the US and North Korea have to both make concessions and deescalate the conflict before negotiating a suitable solution. According to the ‘double freeze’ plan advocated by the two nations, Pyongyang would have to pause further nuclear and missile tests while the US would put on hold regular military exercises in the region, which North Korea believes to be rehearsal and a potential cover for an invasion.

The US rejects the plan and apparently believes that by squeezing North Korea hard enough it can extract unilateral moves from it.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:14| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

これはすごい 

黒い子犬が飼い主のところへ駆けていく?


ジョージア州で火事から避難のため梯子にいる父親が子供を投げて下にいる消防士がそれをキャッチする光景の動画です。
a team of Georgia firefighters displaying incredible athletic skill and bravery, catching children as they’re thrown by their desperate father from a ladder two stories up. とあります。プロの技はやはりすごいと感嘆します。受け止めた消防士はその後子供を運ぶ際につまずいて転びながらも子供は抱いたままで起き上がりました。

次動画の1分過ぎ頃
https://www.facebook.com/1387262248253325/videos/1881759408803604/
Firefighter makes incredible lifesaving catch as child thrown from 3rd floor balcony (PHOTOS, VIDEO)

ジャカルタ証券取引所「崩落」の瞬間の動画
https://twitter.com/twitter/statuses/952871797321428995

いや〜、赤ちゃんの世界では、「皆平等で仲良し」なのですね(^o^)

https://mobile.twitter.com/LauraLasa00/status/948781549444587520/video/1
・・・私で良ければ、ハグして進ぜます。フリーハグ。

双子の卵
https://mobile.twitter.com/soy_2017/status/947762721340002305

サハラ砂漠に雪
https://twitter.com/twitter/statuses/950726036022378496
https://twitter.com/twitter/statuses/950876096244805633

びっくりなバーレーンのバンド音楽


RT2017/11/9
Just roll with it! Japanese PM Abe ‘falls into sand bunker’ while golfing with Trump

※  宋 文洲‏認証済みアカウント @sohbunshu氏の2017/11/7のツイート
転げ落ちる安倍、置いていくトランプ
「ゴルフは人の本性が見える」…この接待ゴルフの真髄が再現された接待ゴルフ↓https://twitter.com/sohbunshu/status/927654627528515584

Deaf baby hears her mother for the first time and her reaction is stunning
https://www.facebook.com/ChristyLeAnnClark/videos/10102722497545227/

シリア軍がデリゾールとマヤディーンで押収した武器、とにかくすごい量です。


子供を持つ方必見、イスラエルの指導で子供を手錠で拘束。これでも他人ごとだと思いますか?
CAZ #AntiZionism‏ @_antizionism 10:53 - 2017年10月17日
An ISRAELI company has been training US law enforcement .This video is the result
https://twitter.com/_antizionism/status/920105482295173120
Police Handcuff Third Grader With Disabilities
We're speechless.

倉庫の棚が連鎖的に倒れます。
Bassem‏ @BBassem7 10月16日
Dealing with the Middle East
https://twitter.com/twitter/statuses/919980530543689728

中国でのバス横転事故の車内状況


ポロシェンコとエルドアンの共同記者会見 エルドアンがあくびしたり眠気と戦っています。

記者は?

役人だけ? これでは眠くなりますね。


※ ayarin1‏ @ayarin14 氏の2017/9/28のツイート
#週刊新潮、サカイ引越センター
社員ボコボコのパワハラ動画
動画撮影者を脅すも#週刊新潮に
スクープされる。
トレードマークのパンダを
強調した東証1部上場の業界大手
「聞こえへんねん、コラ〜」
私服の上司が作業服姿の部下を
ここまで殴る蹴るって駄目だろ
チンピラか!ブラックや
https://twitter.com/twitter/statuses/913193299460026368

TEHRAN (FNA)- Exodus of Rohingya to Bangladesh Reaches 380,000

TEHRAN (FNA)- Nearly 270,000 Rohingya refugees - mostly women and children - have crossed the border to Bangladesh in recent days, fleeing a security sweep by Myanmar forces who have been torching villages, while government forces beheaded and burned alive Rohingya Muslim civilians. [VIDEO]



この青年の眼差しには本当に圧倒されます。尊敬に値します。年齢から言って、担いでいる男女は両親か祖父母でしょうか。とても小柄でやせています。体重は40キロあるかないか。35キロ前後かもしれません。青年も60キロ前後でしょうか。いずれにせよ、自分の体重以上、70キロ以上の重量を肩に抱え、160キロ近くを歩き続ける。しかも裸足・・・・・ とても信じられない偉業としか言いようがありません。おそらくそれが事実であろうことは、この青年の前を見つめる眼が示しています。このような眼をいまだかつて日本では観たことがありません。周囲にいる人たちも、とても素晴らしい顔貌です。
しかし、この青年の気概を本当は日本でこそ求められているという現実があります。ロヒンギャの皆さんに起きているのと内実は同等、いやそれ以上かもしれない惨禍に日本は置かれています。むごく静かに殺され続けるのではあまりに空しい。少なくとも生を求め続ける気概を持ちたいものです。*よんたさん*

ケベックのハンティングロッジの立木に落雷、フェースブックの動画、落雷は -8.45頃。
https://www.facebook.com/olivier.dorion.7/videos/10214215331480565/
雷が鳴っていたら木の下には行かないというのは本当ですね。

座席一列がすっぽ抜けて落ちている。こうなると絶叫もできないだろう。


エジプトで治安部隊の検問所に近づいてきたテロリストの車両を居合わせた軍のタンクが踏み潰しているところ。この車両は爆発物を大量に積んでおり、その後爆発した。




デンマークでモスク建設に反対する市民がイスラムの礼拝の呼びかけに似せた音楽を早朝市長の家の前で流したということのようです。本物の録音かどうか分かりませんが、イスラム圏では礼拝の時間の前にモスクのスピーカーからこのような節回しの歌のようなものが流れます。休日である金曜の夕方の祈りには特に参集者が多かったような記憶があります。
The mayor of the Danish city of Roskilde was woken up by music imitating the Islamic call to prayer. The local anti-Muslim activists who played it outside the mayor’s home said the act was to oppose the building of a mosque in the city.


RT2017/7/17
A Missouri resident’s gym schedule may have helped him to dodge death, after an SUV tore through the roof of his house while he was attending a workout session.
The incident happened in Walnut Park West, St Louis, when a vehicle hit an embankment in a residential area and was launched onto the roof of a nearby dwelling, reported the St Louis Post Dispatch.




<左:シリアの元国会議員アサド支持 従兄弟がテロリストに殺害された> <中央 番組ホスト> <右:スンニ派のイスラミストリーダー>

Two Lebanese television guests engaged in a violent brawl last weekend as a debate raged about the Islamic State decapitation of one of their cousins.
Bashar Assad supporter and former Syrian MP Ahmad Shalash appeared on political talk show ‘Bel Moubashar’ with Sunni Islamist leader Bilal Daqmaq but the two quickly came to blows.
Rawad Daher, host of the show began the debate segment by extending his condolences to Shalash and his family for their tragic and gruesome loss.
He then asked Daqmaq, a staunch critic of the Assad regime, if he wished to follow suit, which is when the trouble began.
"I extend my condolences to the Syrian people for anyone killed..." replied Daqmaq before Shalash cuts him off by saying, "Brother, he asked you a straight question: Are you extending me condolences or not?”
“It’s none of your business,” Daqmaq rebuffed, as cited by Memri TV who translated the exchange.
The tense exchange quickly descended into a brawl with curses, insults, fists and glasses of water flying. Video of the fight was uploaded to the official OTV YouTube channel on Monday.
Shalash grabs Daqmaq in a clinch before punching him in the face and dragging him to the ground.
Daher was soaked with a glass of water for trying to break up the fist fight and a TV screen was smashed in the wrestling match.
Duqmaq stormed off the set but Shalash stayed on the show and used the opportunity to deride the absent sheikh.


Drone video shows devastation of liberated Mosul

モースルの解放は、街とテロリストと市民を破壊しつくして達成された。

10年前のイラクにおける米軍の戦争犯罪です。


次のサイトの分析が冴えています。
2010 04 14 WikiLeaks が公開した " Collateral Murder " を確認してみた




2017/7/2、中国南西部で天然ガスパイプラインが爆発




ケムトレイル以上です。
A pilot has captured incredible footage of contrails billowing from the engines of a Boeing 787 Dreamliner at an altitude of 33,000ft.
Lou Boyer was piloting a Boeing 747 flight from Tokyo to Alaska when he saw the contrails – or ‘chemtrails’ depending on your appetite for conspiracy theories – over eastern Russia.


Hemze Hamza‏ @Sergermed_ 23:16 - 2017年6月27日
Sniper battle inside Raqqa city. Thank god the ISIS terrorist missed


Hemze Hamza‏ @Sergermed_ 18 時間18 時間前
Kurdish women know no fear. Your average human being would be scared for life after being so close to death but she kept laughing.
このツイートに窓から離れて撃て、青い帽子は目立つなどの注意のコメントが寄せられています。クルドは訓練が不足です。犠牲者が出ます。

次は英国 英国は事故が多いですね。



ロンドンの高層住宅ビルで火災
Dramatic images show devastating London tower block blaze (PHOTOS)

このビルですね。



英国で "Liar Liar GE2017" 大ヒット中
嘘つきでは、日本はイギリスに負けないぞ! 彼を信じちゃいけないよ!
[ロンドン 30日 ロイター] - メイ英首相を「うそつき」呼ばわりする歌が、総選挙を来月8日に控えた英国で大ヒットしている。
「Liar liar GE2017」と題したこの曲を歌っているのはロンドンに拠点をおくバンド「キャプテンSKA」。メイ首相の政策モットーを揶揄(やゆ)し、売上チャートの上位に躍り出ている。



以下に掲げるのは静止画です。向うのゲートを通ったばかりの赤いトラックに注目。動画はリンク先で見れます。
Highway horror: CCTV shows utter chaos from runaway truck smash (VIDEO)


動画では、作業員が必死に逃げる姿がとらえられています。




7人が怪我

・・・・・

以前に見た動画を思い出しました。

CCTV: Truck slams into residential building in NW China, 5 dead

・・・・・

ロシアで若手報道写真家の作品コンテストがあったと。入賞作が載っています。

World’s best young photojournalists vie for Andrei Stenin prize (PHOTOS)
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 21:47| Comment(11) | 国際・政治

サウジは20憶ドルでイエメンの政治を買収できるか

RT2018/1/17
Saudi Arabian king deposits $2bn in Yemeni CB to back currency
Saudi Arabia’s King Salman ordered a deposit of $2 billion to be paid into Yemen’s central bank on Wednesday to shore up the weak Yemeni currency, Reuters reported, citing the Saudi government. The move came a day after the Yemeni prime minister issued a public plea for funds to prop up the rial and help stave off hunger in the war-torn country. “It’s not a loan, it’s a deposit and the legitimate Yemeni government will not have to pay it back,” said a source close to the Saudi government. Yemen’s rial has lost more than half its value against the US dollar and soaring prices have put some basic commodities out of reach for many Yemenis.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 20:44| Comment(0) | 国際・政治