ロヒンギャの迫害でアウンサンスーチーに批判が高まる: ずくなしの冷や水

2017年09月07日

ロヒンギャの迫害でアウンサンスーチーに批判が高まる

FARSNEWS2017/9/5
The Plight of Rohingya: Myanmar Authorities Are Deliberately Overlooking Atrocities
TEHRAN (FNA)- A surge in deadly violence in Myanmar has forced over 18,000 Rohingya Muslims to flee in less than one week. Muslim nations must take practical measures to end this inhuman crackdown.

As maintained by Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iran is prepared to help adoption of collective strategies by international organizations and Muslim countries in order to solve the ongoing crisis plaguing Myanmar’s Muslim community. This comes as Myanmar’s military has intensified attacks on Rohingya Muslims.

This is while the Muslim community has long been under a military siege in Rakhine since October 2016. The government claimed that its border guards had come under a militant attack and used it as the pretext to enforce the lockdown without substantiating its claim. The Rohingya had already been subject to communal violence by extremist Buddhists for years.

Myanmar’s military is committing atrocities and crimes against Rohingya people, who are considered by the UN as “the most persecuted minority group in the world.” According to a United Nations report published on Monday, a total of 87,000 Rohingya Muslims - including women and children, many with bullet wounds - have arrived in Bangladesh since last month. This is while the world community remains silent on the persisting violence.

Indeed, decades of persistent and systematic human rights violations, including the very violent security assaults since October 2016, and lack of international action have almost certainly contributed to the nurturing of violent Buddhist extremism. The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights says the attacks against desperate Rohingya civilians may “very likely” amount to crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing.

Moreover, the government has long disputed the Rohingya people’s status as Burmese citizens and has restricted their movement and excluded them from social services, rendering the majority of the group stateless and impoverished. This violates their basic human rights under the International Humanitarian Law.

This further confirms that serious human rights violations are indeed being carried out against the civilian population and the world needs to do something about it. The world society cannot turn a blind eye to this disturbing situation. Sadly enough, in response to the violence, the UN Security Council has only held a closed door discussion, which is not enough. No formal statement has been made, while the right thing to do is to call on the Myanmar military to de-escalate immediately.

The world should also stop supporting Aung San Suu Kyi, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and Myanmar’s State Counselor. They shouldn’t look to her to set the right tone and to find the compromises and the de-escalation necessary in order to resolve the conflict for the good of all the people in Burma. If history is any indication, she will never bother to urge the government to revisit its citizenship law, grant freedom of movement for Rohingya Muslims, and invest in the socio-economic development of Rakhine. All she cares about is for the status quo to continue, which will only lead to further violence and radicalization which will further deepen chronic poverty in the state.

The principle of responsibility to protect is clear. Myanmar authorities must facilitate the work of humanitarian agencies and provide unfettered humanitarian access to help stabilize the situation and reduce the number of people trying to flee the country. Accusing international organizations of helping civilians that Myanmar calls “terrorists,” prompting fears for the safety of aid workers and continued violence will only serve to increase fears and the potential for further violence.

The Rohingya, stripped of their citizenship rights since 1983, have suffered egregious violation of human rights and are in dire need of immediate attention and assistance by the international community. Despite the government’s persistent denial of threats of genocide, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity, evidence available strongly indicates that the prospect of atrocity is high and the government has failed in its duty to protect the Muslim population, a duty it has acknowledged and accepted in the World Summit 2005 and in the General Assembly Interactive Dialogue in 2009. Even worse, the country's government is no shy of conducting genocide.

Democracy without human rights is meaningless. The Rohingya have been subjected to discriminatory treatments by the previous military reign and the situation does not seem to improve with the current quasi-military democratic administration led by Suu Kyi. Due to their failure and lack of capacity, the responsibility to protect the Rohingya falls on the international community to force the government to fulfill such duty to stop genocide. It is crucial that the UN reacts on the issue and applies pressure on the government, including adoption of sanctions, to seriously treat its population in accordance with the standard of International Human Rights Law and send UN troops to the country if its government and military still shrug off responsibility.

・・・・・

RT2017/9/5
Thousands rally in support of Rohingya Muslims in Chechnya’s Grozny
On Monday thousands of people rallied in front of Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque in Grozny, the capital of the Chechen Republic of the Russian Federation, in solidarity with the Rohingya Muslims of Myanmar. Protesters called on Myanmar's government to take immediate action over the killing of Rohingya Muslims in the country's northwest. Some of the demonstrators held banners reading "no to genocide in Myanmar." Head of the Chechen Republic, Ramzan Kadyrov, gave a speech in which he stated that "countries that have closed their borders and refused assistance to refugees [should] be called to account.” Nearly 400 Rohingya Muslims were reportedly killed in mid-August in clashes and military confrontations, according to Reuters. It led to around 73,000 Rohingya Muslims fleeing to Bangladesh, the UNHCR reported.

FARSNEWS2017/9/5
Report: Israel Arming Myanmar amid Ongoing Rohingya Crackdown
TEHRAN (FNA)- Reports said Israel has continued to sell weapons to Myanmar as thousands of Rohingya refugees flee the military's violent crackdown in the Rakhine state.

The weapons sold to Myanmar include over 100 tanks, weapons and boats used to police the country's border, according to human rights groups and Burmese officials, Middle East Eye reported.

Israeli arms companies such as Tar Ideal have also been involved in training Myanmar's special forces who are currently in the Rakhine state where most of the violence has taken place. Images previously posted on the arms company's website showed its staff instructing members of the Burmese special forces on combat tactics and how to use specific weapons.

In September, the Israeli High Court of Justice is expected to hear a petition, launched by activists, urging the Israeli government to stop arms exports to Myanmar.

The US and EU have an arms embargo against Myanmar.

The petition was submitted in January, following visits by Israeli officials to Myanmar to discuss arms deals, and vice versa.

After the petition was submitted, the Israeli Defence Ministry in March said the court had no jurisdiction over the issue and claimed that arms sales to Myanmar were "clearly diplomatic".

Israel has shared a strong relationship with Myanmar and maintained trade relations over the years. These relations existed before the military junta stepped down.

Weapons used against the Palestinians are being sold as 'field-tested' to some of the worst regimes on the planet

Myanmar's military chief on Friday defended the clearing of villages, attempting to justify it as "unfinished business" dating back to World War Two.

Penny Green, an academic who has documented alleged war crimes perpetrated against the Rohingya people, told MEE that many governments "have lent their support to the current genocide".

"It's not at all surprising that the latest escalation in Myanmar's genocide of the Rohingya has not moved the Israeli state to cease its supply of weapons to Myanmar's military," said Green, director of the International State Crime Initiative at Queen Mary University.

"Its own record of violence and terror against the Palestinian people of Gaza is clear enough evidence tha Israel is unmoved by ethical concerns and human rights.

"Last year the British government spent over £300,000 of tax-payer's money in training the Myanmar military and Commander in Chief General Min Aung Hlaing was welcomed by EU heads of military eager to engage in arms sales and training," she added, citing figures from the Burma Campaign organisation.

More than 60,000 Rohingya refugees have fled their homes to seek refuge in Bangladesh as violence escalates in the Rakhine state.

Satellite images show dozens of Rohingya villages burned to the ground by the Myanmar army.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Friday accused Myanmar of perpetrating a genocide against the Rohingya.

(CNN)2017.09.05 Tue posted at 12:01 JST
史上最年少でノーベル平和賞を受賞したパキスタン出身のマララ・ユスフザイさん(20)はこのほど、ミャンマーで報告されている少数派イスラム教徒ロヒンギャの人権侵害をめぐり、同国のアウンサンスーチー国家顧問が沈黙を続けていると非難する声明を出した。

マララさんは声明で、ロヒンギャの「痛ましく恥ずべき扱い」を数年前から非難してきたと振り返り、ミャンマーの事実上の政権トップで同じノーベル賞受賞者でもあるスーチーさんが「同じように非難してくれるのを待っている」と強調。「ロヒンギャの人々も待っている」と呼び掛けた。
ロヒンギャの人々の苦難に心を痛めていると述べ、「何世代にもわたり暮らしてきたミャンマーが祖国でないとしたら、祖国はどこにあるのでしょう。生まれた国であるミャンマーが市民権を与えるべきです」と訴えた。
さらに、ミャンマーの隣国バングラデシュがロヒンギャ難民に食糧や避難場所、教育を提供していることを指摘し、「私の母国パキスタンを含め、他国はバングラデシュを見習うべき」と述べている。

FARSNEWS2017/9/6
Sources: Myanmar Laying Landmines Near Bangladesh Border
TEHRAN (FNA)- Myanmar has reportedly been planting landmines across an area of its border with Bangladesh as thousands of Rohingya Muslims are fleeing a bloody crackdown to take refuge in neighboring Bangladesh.

Two government sources in Bangladesh told Reuters on Wednesday that Myanmarese forces had been “putting the landmines in their territory along the barbed-wire fence,” between a series of border pillars over the past three days.

“Our forces have also seen three to four groups working near the barbed wire fence, putting something into the ground,” one of the sources said on condition of anonymity.

The sources, who had direct knowledge of the situation, stressed that Myanmar was probably putting the landmines to prevent the return of the Rohingya Muslims who have already fled to Bangladesh.

But those members of the minority Muslim group who plan to flee Myanmar are also likely to use the path and risk hitting the mines.

The sources said Dhaka would formally file a protest against the planting of the landmines later on Wednesday.

Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi came under more pressure to halt violence against Rohingya Muslims that has sent nearly 125,000 of them fleeing over the border to Bangladesh in just over 10 days.

The bloody military crackdown, along with a blockade on Rakhine State, has left thousands of people stranded without essential life-saving supplies in the conflict area, The Guardian reported on Monday.

Government forces in Myanmar beheaded and burned alive Rohingya Muslim civilians, including children, witnesses disclosed, as calls grow to stop the “genocide” against the minority Muslims living in the Buddhist-majority country.

Myanmar’s military intensified attacks on Rohingya Muslims on August 25, after dozens of police and border outposts in the northern state of Rakhine came under attack by an armed group, which is said to be defending the rights of the Rohingya.

The Muslim community had already been under a military siege in Rakhine since October 2016. The government used a militant attack on border guards back then as the pretext to enforce the lockdown. The Rohingya had already been subject to communal violence by extremist Buddhists for years.

Myanmar’s military is accused of committing atrocities and crimes against Rohingya people, who are considered by the UN as the “most persecuted minority group in the world.”

The Myanmar government has announced that over 2,600 houses have been burned down over the past week in the Rohingya-majority areas of the country’s Northwest, which have been the scene of one of the deadliest outbreaks of violence against the persecuted Muslim community in decades.

“A total of 2,625 houses from Kotankauk, Myinlut and Kyikanpyin villages and two wards in Maungtaw were burned down,” the state-run Global New Light of Myanmar said on Saturday.

The Rohingya Muslims fleeing the violence to Bangladesh, however, insist that a campaign of arson and killings by the Myanmarese army aimed at forcing them out of the country is responsible for the carnage and destruction in the area.

Almost 400 people have been killed over the past week in Rohingya-majority Rakhine State, according to official figures.

The Rohingya are denied citizenship in Myanmar and considered as illegal immigrants, despite their roots that date back centuries. Bangladesh is also growing increasingly hostile to Rohingya Muslims, more than 400,000 of whom live in the impoverished South Asian country after fleeing Myanmar since the early 1990s.

BBC2017/9/6
アウンサンスーチー氏、「誤情報」を強く非難 ロヒンギャ危機
ミャンマーの少数派イスラム教徒ロヒンギャが衝突を逃れようと隣国バングラデシュに多数避難している問題で、事実上の指導者のアウンサンスーチー国家顧問兼外相は5日、ロヒンギャが多く暮らす西部ラカイン州に住む全員を政府は守っていると表明した。さらに、ロヒンギャが治安部隊に迫害されているという情報は「誤情報の巨大氷山の一角」だと強く非難した。8月末の危機発生以来、アウンサンスーチー氏が問題に言及しないことに批判の声が上がっていた。
アウンサンスーチー氏の事務所によると、トルコのタイイップ・エルドアン大統領と電話で協議中に発言したという。
地元メディアによると、スーチー氏はエルドアン大統領に対して、ミャンマー政府は「すでにラカイン州のすべての人を可能な限り最善の形で守り始めている」と伝えた。
スーチー氏は「私たちはほかの人たちよりも、人権や民主的な庇護を奪われるのがどういうことか、よく承知している。そのため、国内のすべての人が人権を尊重され、政治的だけでなく社会的、そして人道的に保護される権利も確実に尊重されるようにしている」と述べたという。
スーチー氏はさらに、たくさんの偽の写真が出回っており、「テロリストの利益促進を目的として、異なるコミュニティーの間に問題をたくさん作りだそうと計算された、誤情報の巨大氷山の一角に過ぎない」と反発したという。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:02| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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