ロシアと中国、SWIFTを迂回-副首相: ずくなしの冷や水

2022年11月29日

ロシアと中国、SWIFTを迂回-副首相

Russia and China bypassing SWIFT – deputy PM
The trade partners have been boosting transactions in national currencies, Aleksandr Novak says
Moscow and Beijing are developing a system of settlements which could allow cross-border transactions without using the Western financial messaging system, SWIFT, Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr Novak revealed on Tuesday.

The two countries have reportedly accelerated efforts to move away from the US dollar and the euro, towards settlements using domestic currencies.

“In gas contracts we are already switching to settlements in national currencies – in rubles and in yuan – on a parity basis. Supplies of oil and oil products, as well as coal, are also being switched to payment in national currencies,” he explained.

According to Novak, this could help avoid financial risks and facilitate the transformation of the ruble and yuan into world reserve currencies. “In this regard, the Central Bank of Russia and the People’s Bank of China are working on the possibility of opening accounts for Russian companies in China and vice versa, creating a settlement system without using SWIFT,” Novak said.

Russian President Vladimir Putin had earlier called for new independent financial platforms for international settlements, stressing that the global economy should be more open and unbiased.

Moscow has been promoting its own domestic payment system as a reliable alternative to SWIFT since many of the country’s banks were disconnected from the Western financial network earlier this year.

Russia’s SPFS interbank messaging system was created in 2014, and has similar functionality to SWIFT. It ensures secure transfer of financial messages between banks both inside and outside the country.

In April, Russian Central Bank Governor Elvira Nabiullina said most Russian lenders and 52 foreign organizations from 12 countries had received access to SPFS. The regulator added it would keep the identity of the payment system’s members secret to protect them from possibly falling under secondary sanctions from the US and its Western allies.
Moscow and Beijing are developing a system of settlements which could allow cross-border transactions without using the Western financial messaging system, SWIFT, Deputy Prime Minister Aleksandr Novak revealed on Tuesday.

The two countries have reportedly accelerated efforts to move away from the US dollar and the euro, towards settlements using domestic currencies.

“In gas contracts we are already switching to settlements in national currencies – in rubles and in yuan – on a parity basis. Supplies of oil and oil products, as well as coal, are also being switched to payment in national currencies,” he explained.

According to Novak, this could help avoid financial risks and facilitate the transformation of the ruble and yuan into world reserve currencies. “In this regard, the Central Bank of Russia and the People’s Bank of China are working on the possibility of opening accounts for Russian companies in China and vice versa, creating a settlement system without using SWIFT,” Novak said.

Russian President Vladimir Putin had earlier called for new independent financial platforms for international settlements, stressing that the global economy should be more open and unbiased.

Moscow has been promoting its own domestic payment system as a reliable alternative to SWIFT since many of the country’s banks were disconnected from the Western financial network earlier this year.

Russia’s SPFS interbank messaging system was created in 2014, and has similar functionality to SWIFT. It ensures secure transfer of financial messages between banks both inside and outside the country.

In April, Russian Central Bank Governor Elvira Nabiullina said most Russian lenders and 52 foreign organizations from 12 countries had received access to SPFS. The regulator added it would keep the identity of the payment system’s members secret to protect them from possibly falling under secondary sanctions from the US and its Western allies.
貿易相手国は自国通貨での取引を強化している、とアレクサンドル・ノヴァク副首相
モスクワと北京は、西側の金融メッセージングシステムであるSWIFTを使用せずに国境を越えた取引を可能にする決済システムを開発していると、アレクサンドル・ノヴァク副首相が火曜日に明らかにしました。

両国は、米ドルやユーロから、国内通貨を使った決済に移行する取り組みを加速させていると報じられている。

「ガス契約では、すでにルーブルと人民元の平価ベースの自国通貨建て決済に切り替えている。石油や石油製品、石炭などの供給も、自国通貨建てに切り替えている」と説明した。

ノバクによると、これは金融リスクを回避し、ルーブルと人民元の世界基軸通貨への転換を促進することにつながるという。「この点について、ロシア中央銀行と中国人民銀行は、ロシア企業の中国での口座開設とその逆の、SWIFTを使用しない決済システムの構築の可能性に取り組んでいる」とノバクは述べた。

ロシアのプーチン大統領は以前、国際決済のための新しい独立した金融プラットフォームを求め、世界経済はよりオープンで公平であるべきだと強調していた。

モスクワは、今年初めに国内の多くの銀行が西側金融ネットワークから切り離されて以来、SWIFTに代わる信頼できる決済システムとして、独自の国内決済システムを推進してきた。

ロシアのSPFS銀行間メッセージングシステムは2014年に誕生し、SWIFTと同様の機能を備えている。内外の銀行間の金融メッセージの安全な転送を保証している。

4月、ロシア中央銀行のエルビラ・ナビウリナ総裁は、ロシアのほとんどの金融機関と12カ国の52の外国組織がSPFSへのアクセス権を得たと述べた。ロシア中央銀行は、米国とその西側同盟国からの二次的制裁を受けないように、決済システムのメンバーの身元を秘密にしておくと付け加えた。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 21:22| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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