Gazprom: ずくなしの冷や水

2022年10月01日

Gazprom



Europe ‘indefinitely deprived’ of key gas supply route – Gazprom
The Russian energy giant is searching for ways to get the pipelines up and running, “but the timeline cannot yet be estimated”
The damage to Russia’s Nord Stream 1 and 2 pipelines means Europe is indefinitely deprived of one of its key gas supply routes, Gazprom spokesman Sergey Kupriyanov said on Friday.

Technical data “allows [Gazprom] to say with certainty” that the sharp pressure drops were caused by physical damage, the spokesman stressed.

According to him, at the time of the incident, the pipelines were not transporting gas, but both were filled with 800 million cubic meters of gas and ready for service, equivalent to Denmark’s consumption for three months.

“Essentially, Europe is indefinitely deprived of one of the key routes for obtaining a crucial energy resource. Russia and Gazprom spent a huge amount of energy and money to build and launch these pipelines because this is the shortest and safest, as we thought, way for Russian gas to reach European consumers. Now the pipelines are standing with puncture holes,” Kupriyanov said at a UN Security Council meeting.

“Gazprom has begun searching for possible solutions to get the Nord Stream system back up and running, but the timeline cannot yet be estimated… This is a very difficult technical task,” Kupriyanov said, noting that in order to assess the situation, Gazprom will have to start with a physical inspection of the damaged areas.

The Danish authorities reported leaks on the pipelines on Monday after a local pipeline operator noted a loss of pressure on both the Nord Stream 1 and 2 pipelines earlier that day. Danish and Swedish seismologists later spoke of a series of undersea explosions in the area.

The Russian, American, and Swedish authorities said the leaks might have been the result of a deliberate attack.

European Commission head Ursula von der Leyen said the incidents were the result of sabotage, warning that any “deliberate disruption of the European energy infrastructure is unacceptable and will lead to the strongest retaliation.” Russia called the incident a “terrorist attack” and summoned a UN Security Council meeting over it.
欧州、重要なガス供給ルートを「無期限で奪われる」 - ガスプロム
ロシアの巨大エネルギー企業はパイプラインを稼働させる方法を模索しているが、"タイムラインはまだ推定できない"
ガスプロムのセルゲイ・クプリヤノフ報道官は、ロシアのノルドストリーム1と2のパイプラインの損傷は、ヨーロッパが重要なガス供給ルートの一つを無期限に奪われることを意味すると、金曜日に語った。

技術データから、急激な圧力低下は物理的な損傷によるものであると「確信を持って言うことができる」と同報道官は強調した。

同氏によると、事故当時、パイプラインはガスを輸送していなかったが、両方とも8億立方メートルのガスが充填され、デンマークの3ヶ月の消費量に相当するサービスが可能な状態であったとのことである。

「ヨーロッパは、重要なエネルギー資源を得るための重要なルートの一つを無期限に奪われたことになる。ロシアとガスプロムが膨大なエネルギーと資金を投入してパイプラインを建設し、稼働させたのは、これがロシアのガスをヨーロッパの消費者に届けるための最短かつ安全な方法だと考えたからだ。今、パイプラインはパンクの穴だらけになっている」とクプリヤノフ氏は国連安全保障理事会で述べた。

「ガスプロムは、ノルド・ストリーム・システムを復旧させるために可能な解決策を模索し始めているが、そのスケジュールはまだ予測できない...これは非常に困難な技術的課題だ」と述べ、状況を評価するために、ガスプロムは損傷箇所の物理的検査から始めなければならないと指摘した。

Russia halts gas delivery to Italy – company
Gazprom informed oil and gas group Eni that it is unable to transport supplies via Austria
Russia’s Gazprom has informed Italian energy company Eni that it will not be able to supply gas to the country on Saturday, due to the “impossibility of transporting it” through Austria, the Italian company said in a statement.

“Gazprom said it could not confirm the volumes of gas requested to date because of the stated impossibility of transporting gas through Austria. Therefore, today the flow of Russian gas destined for Eni through the Tarvisio crossing will be at zero,” the statement from Eni said, as cited by news agency RIA Novosti.

Eni has said it will provide further information “if supplies are resumed.”
ロシアのガスプロムは、イタリアのエネルギー企業エニ社に対し、オーストリアを経由した「輸送が不可能」なため、土曜日に同国へのガス供給ができなくなると通知した。

"ガスプロムは、オーストリアを経由したガスの輸送が不可能であるため、これまでに要求されたガスの量を確認することができなかったと述べた。したがって、今日、タルヴィジオ交差点を通るエニ宛てのロシアガスの流れはゼロになる」と、通信社RIA Novostiが引用したように、エニの声明は述べている。

Eniは、"供給が再開されれば "さらなる情報を提供するとしている。

Russian gas exports to EU via TurkStream plunge – media
The Netherlands revoked the pipeline’s export license earlier this week
Russian gas flows to the EU via the TurkStream pipeline dropped by a quarter at the end of September compared to the end of August, the Russian newspaper Vedomosti reported on Saturday.

According to the report, which cited data from the association of Europe's transmission system operators, on September 29 about 32 million cubic meters of gas were supplied to the EU through the Strandzha 2-Malkoclar entry point on the Turkish-Bulgarian border. This is about 25% less than at the end of August, when the pipeline supplied about 43 million cubic meters of gas per day.

On Thursday, the Russian-owned operator of the TurkStream pipeline, South Stream Transport, said that the Netherlands had withdrawn its gas export license due to the latest EU sanctions package against Russia, which implies a ban on the export and provision of pipes for Russia’s use. Announcing their decision to revoke the license ahead of schedule, the Dutch authorities also referred to the ban on the supply of goods and provision of services, including technical assistance and maintenance of the pipeline in Russia’s exclusive economic zone and on its continental shelf.

European gas futures spiked on the news of the license withdrawal, jumping 10% on Friday to $2,087 per thousand cubic meters, or €205.995 per megawatt hour.
However, South Stream Transport later noted that the sanctions do not expressly impose restrictions on the transportation of gas via the pipeline. The company has already applied for a renewal of its export license.

Representatives of the operator said that the gas delivered to Europe via Turkish Stream supports the region’s energy security and that the pipeline is likely to be exempted from sanctions for this reason.

TurkStream is a two-string pipeline with capacity of 31.5 billion cubic meters of gas per year. It carries Russian gas across the Black Sea to Türkiye and from there to countries of southern and southeastern Europe. With Nord Stream 1 currently out of operation due to this week’s leakage, TurkStream is the only remaining gas transmission system that bring gas to Europe besides the transit line running through Ukraine.

Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Friday that the TurkStream license withdrawal would not affect its operation and that gas supplies continue.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 21:39| Comment(0) | ウクライナ
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