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2022年08月28日

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India negotiates resumption of LNG supply from Russia
Some agreed imports haven’t been shipped since May due to Russia-Ukraine conflict

India is currently in talks with Russia to resume gas supplies under the long-term import deal between Russian state energy giant Gazprom and India’s state-controlled GAIL, according to GAIL chairman Manoj Jain, as cited by Reuters.

GAIL, the largest gas distributor and operator of pipelines in the country, couldn’t receive the previously agreed imports since May and was forced to cut supplies to clients as a result.

“There are some immediate issues which we are trying to tackle both at the company level and also at G2G [government to government] level,” he said at an annual shareholder meeting on Friday.

Jain highlighted that the volumes under the Gazprom deal, which amounts to about a fifth of GAIL's overall overseas gas portfolio of 14 million tons per year, have been hit by the Russia-Ukraine conflict.

“So, overall it is not affecting us in a significant way. The only affect is to the extent of ten to 15 percent,” the top manager said, adding that the addition of domestic gas reduces the impact on local supplies to about 7-8%.

GAIL signed a 20-year deal with Gazprom back in 2012. Under the terms of the contract, the company was to purchase an average 2.5 million tons of LNG, Liquefied Natural Gas, annually. Supplies under the contract began in 2018.

Gazprom Marketing Singapore (GMTS) had signed the deal on behalf of Gazprom. However, GMTS was a unit of Gazprom Germania, and was seized by Berlin as part of Western sanctions over Russia's military operation in Ukraine.

EU nation wants to resume buying Russian gas
Bulgaria rethinks its stance after rejecting Moscow’s ruble payment demand in April
The Bulgarian government is considering holding talks with energy giant Gazprom on resuming Russian natural gas imports, Energy Minister Rosen Hristov told Nova TV on Friday.

“There are still no active talks with Gazprom… but we have given an indication that we want to start negotiations, or rather to continue them to clarify some controversial terms of the contract. We simply sent information that we were ready to negotiate and asked them to resume contact,” he said, specifying that Sofia expects a response from the Russian supplier on Friday, or Monday next week at the latest.

The minister stressed: “We are only talking about the old contract; we will not re-sign or negotiate a new contract.”

According to Hristov, Sofia is seeking to extend the deadline to supply the remaining volumes of gas under the contract until 2023.

In April, Bulgaria rejected the ruble-for-gas payment method introduced by Russia in response to Western sanctions. Under the new regulation, buyers from countries that imposed restrictions on Moscow are obliged to pay for Russian natural gas in rubles. Sofia’s refusal to accept the new terms prompted Gazprom Export to halt fuel supplies to its Bulgarian partner, Bulgargaz.

US comments on American fighter death in Ukraine
The State Department has urged US citizens to leave the country if they can
Another American has died in fighting in Ukraine, the US State Department revealed on Friday, confirming previous claims made by Russian officials.

“We can confirm the death of a US citizen in Ukraine,” a US State Department spokesperson told Newsweek on Friday. “Out of respect for the privacy of the family, we have no further comment at this time.”

On Friday, Oleg Kozhemyako, who serves as the governor of Russia’s Far Eastern Primorsky Region, said that the ‘Tiger’ military unit from his area had eliminated an American while repelling an attack from a group consisting of mercenaries from several countries.

“An American mercenary was destroyed in Ukraine,” he said on his Telegram, attaching photos of both a US passport and Ukrainian military service card, apparently issued in the name of Joshua Alan Jones. The ID documents say he was born in Tennessee and joined the Ukrainian Army on July 14 with the A3449 military unit.
According to Andrey Rudenko, a Russian military reporter, the fighter was killed not by Russian or allied forces, but by his fellow soldiers while “fleeing from the position.”

The State Department spokesperson offered a reminder that “US citizens should not travel to Ukraine, due to the active armed conflict and the singling out of US citizens in Ukraine by Russian government security officials.”

“US citizens in Ukraine should depart immediately if it is safe to do so using any commercial or other privately available ground transportation options,” the representative reiterated.

Southern African state may join Russia’s Mir Payment System – envoy
Angolan ambassador to Russia says national currencies will be used for mutual settlements
Angola may join the Mir payment system, developed by Russia in response to Western sanctions, and allow the use of MIR cards in the country, RIA Novosti reported on Saturday, citing Luanda’s Ambassador to Russia Augusto da Silva Cunha.

“Technically, the use of the Mir system in Angola is possible ... I believe that Angola can join this system, but under condition of worthwhileness,” he said.

“This will crucially depend on the level of our financial and economic relations as well as on the amount of investments in the country. The Angolan government is fully open to Russian investors, and if their share is significant, then, of course, it would be rational and logical to join this system and accept it,” da Silva Cunha added.

The envoy also said that the two nations may switch to mutual settlements in national currencies, adding that the Russian ruble could easily be used for this purpose.

Ukraine may come to regret 'de-Russification'– Politico
It needs a cool-headed examination as about a quarter of the country’s population identify as Russian speakers, the outlet writes

Eradicating Russian linguistic and cultural influence amid the ongoing conflict is understandable but risks future trouble for Ukraine, as it will not only “give fodder to Kremlin propagandists” but also will make it harder for Ukrainians to live together peacefully, Politico has claimed.

“Ukrainians’ firmer sense of nationhood and identity, fueled by fury at what is befalling them, risks becoming less inclusive and more Russian-hating,” Jamie Dettmer, opinion editor at Politico Europe, wrote in a piece published Friday.

While blaming Moscow for “laying the groundwork” for what could become a long-running “ethnic conflict,” the author admits that de-Russification in Ukraine needs a “cool-headed examination.”

“The process of removing Russian cultural and linguistic influence from the country is not an easy – or necessarily equitable – thing to do, when around a quarter of Ukrainians still identify as Russian speakers,” Dettmer, who previously worked as foreign and war correspondent for Voice of America, pointed out.

This process – that had often merged with de-communization – started well before Russia launched its military operation in late February, the author noted. Back in 2015, for instance, Kiev banned Soviet symbols, including flags, street names and monuments commemorating Communist leaders. Since 2016, Dettmer wrote, all information on notice boards at railway stations and airports could only be given in Ukrainian and English but not in Russian.
紛争が続く中、ロシアの言語的・文化的影響を排除することは理解できるが、「クレムリンのプロパガンダの餌食になる」だけでなく、ウクライナ人が平和的に共存することが難しくなるため、ウクライナにとって将来のトラブルのリスクがあると、Politicoは主張している。

ポリティコ・ヨーロッパのオピニオン・エディターであるジェイミー・デットマー氏は、金曜日に発表した記事で、「ウクライナ人は、自分たちに降りかかっているものへの怒りに燃えて、国民性やアイデンティティーをより強く意識するようになり、包括的でなく、よりロシア嫌いになる危険がある」と書いている。

著者は、長期にわたる「民族紛争」になりかねない「土台作り」をしたモスクワを非難する一方で、ウクライナの脱ロシア化には「冷静な検討」が必要だと認めている。

「ウクライナ人の約4分の1がロシア語を話すと言われている中で、ロシアの文化や言語の影響を排除することは容易ではなく、また必ずしも公平なことではない」と、以前Voice of Americaの海外・戦争特派員として働いていたデトマー氏は指摘している。

このプロセスは--しばしば脱共産化と融合していた--ロシアが2月下旬に軍事作戦を開始するかなり前から始まっていた、と著者は指摘する。たとえば2015年に遡ると、キエフは国旗、通りの名前、共産主義指導者を記念するモニュメントなど、ソ連のシンボルを禁止した。2016年以降、鉄道駅や空港の掲示板の情報はすべてウクライナ語と英語でしか伝えられず、ロシア語では伝えられなくなったとデトマーは書いている。





















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