2022/8/8: ずくなしの冷や水

2022年08月08日

2022/8/8

70% of Western weapons sent to Ukraine don’t reach troops – CBS
Report suggests US appears to be repeating the mistakes of Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria

With the US and its allies pledging unprecedented levels of military support to Ukraine, a recent CBS News report suggested that only around 30% of the weapons sent by the West actually make it to the front lines. The report adds to ongoing rumors of waste, corruption, and black market profiteering.

The US has approved more than $54 billion of economic and military aid to Ukraine since February, while the UK has committed nearly $3 billion in military aid alone, and the EU has spent another $2.5 billion on arms for Kiev. An entire spectrum of equipment, from rifles and grenades to anti-tank missiles and multiple launch rocket systems have left the West’s armories for Ukraine, with most entering the country through Poland.

However, this rarely goes smoothly, CBS News revealed this week.

“All of this stuff goes across the border, and then something happens, kind of like 30% of it reaches its final destination,” Jonas Ohman, the founder of a Lithuania-based organization supplying the Ukrainian military, told the American network. Ohman said that getting the weapons to the troops involves navigating a complex network of “power lords, oligarchs [and] political players.”

“There is really no information as to where they’re going at all,” Donatella Rovera, a senior crisis adviser with Amnesty International, told CBS. “What is really worrying is that some countries that are sending weapons do not seem to think that it is their responsibility to put in place a very robust oversight mechanism.”

Ukraine insists that it tracks each and every weapon that crosses its borders, with Yuri Sak, an adviser to Defense Minister Alexey Reznikov, telling the Financial Times last month that reports to the contrary “could be part of Russia’s information war to discourage international partners from providing Ukraine with weaponry.”

However, some officials in the West have sounded alarm bells. A US intelligence source told CNN in April that Washington has “almost zero” idea what happens to these arms, describing the shipments as dropping “into a big black hole” once they enter Ukraine. Canadian sources said last month that they have “no idea” where their weapons deliveries actually end up.

Europol has claimed that some of these weapons have ended up in the hands of organized crime groups in the EU, while the Russian government has warned that they are showing up in the Middle East. An investigation by RT in June found online marketplaces where sophisticated Western hardware – such as Javelin and NLAW anti-tank systems or Phoenix Ghost and Switchblade explosive drones – was apparently being sold for pennies on the dollar.

Ukraine is consistently ranked as one of the most corrupt countries in the world, scoring 122/180 on Transparency International’s 2021 ‘Corruption Perceptions Index’, where 180 represents the most corrupt and 0 the least.

In Washington, drawing attention to this corruption is frowned upon by both parties in Congress. Representative Victoria Spartz, a Ukrainian-born lawmaker, has reportedly been cautioned by her colleagues and the White House for suggesting that Congress should establish “proper oversight” of its weapons shipments due to the alleged corruption within Vladimir Zelensky’s government.

“If you provide supplies, or a logistics pipeline, there has got to be some organization to it, right?” Andy Milburn, a retired US Marine colonel, told CBS. “If the ability to which you’re willing to be involved in that stops at the Ukrainian border, the surprise isn’t ‘oh, all this stuff isn’t getting to where it needs to go’ – the surprise is that people actually expected it to.”

Similar scenarios have played out in the world’s war zones before, with devastating consequences. “We saw a lot of weapons come in 2003 with the US-led invasion of Iraq,” Rovera told CBS, “and then 2014 happened when ISIS took over large parts of the country and took over large stocks of weapons that had been meant for Iraqi forces.”

Similarly, US forces invading Afghanistan in 2001 faced fighters whose predecessors had been armed by the US in the 1980s. When the US finally withdrew from Afghanistan in 2021, the Taliban was left to claim billions of dollars worth of military equipment left behind. This gear had been intended for the Afghan military, although reports from more than a decade ago suggested that weapons, vehicles, and aid regularly disappeared in Afghanistan before ever reaching their end users.

In Syria, US weapons intended for use by so-called ‘moderate rebels’ ended up in the hands of ISIS and Al-Nusra jihadists, while arms sold to Saudi Arabia ended up seized by Houthi rebels in Yemen.

Mikhail Podoliak, an adviser to Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky, said on Sunday that there is “no proof” that weapons entering his country are unaccounted for. “Russia seeks to discredit Ukraine in the eyes of Western societies with allegations about ‘black market of weapons,’” he added, in an apparent effort to accuse CBS and others of doing Moscow’s bidding.
米国はアフガニスタン、イラク、シリアの失敗を繰り返しているように見えるとの報告

米国とその同盟国は、ウクライナに対して前例のない水準の軍事支援を約束しているが、CBSニュースの最近の報道では、西側から送られた兵器のうち、実際に前線に到着するのは30%程度であることが示唆されている。この報告書は、無駄遣い、汚職、闇市場の利益供与に関する継続的な噂に拍車をかけている。

米国は2月以降、ウクライナに対して540億ドル以上の経済・軍事援助を承認し、英国は軍事援助だけで約30億ドル、EUはキエフへの武器提供にさらに25億ドルを投じている。ライフルや手榴弾、対戦車ミサイル、多連装ロケットシステムなど、あらゆる種類の装備が西側諸国の兵器庫からウクライナに向けて出荷されており、そのほとんどはポーランド経由で入国している。

しかし、これがスムーズにいくことはめったにない、とCBS Newsは今週明らかにした。

「リトアニアに拠点を置き、ウクライナ軍に武器を供給している組織の創設者であるJonas Ohman氏は、アメリカのテレビ局に次のように語った。オーマンは、軍隊に武器を届けるには、「権力者、寡頭政治家、政治家」の複雑なネットワークを介する必要があると述べた。

「アムネスティ・インターナショナルの上級危機管理アドバイザーであるドナテラ・ロヴェラ氏は、CBSに次のように語った。「本当に心配なのは、武器を送っている国の中には、非常に強固な監視機構を設置することが自分たちの責任だと考えていないような国もあることです」。

ウクライナは国境を越える全ての武器を追跡していると主張しており、アレクセイ・レズニコフ国防相の顧問であるユーリ・サックは先月、フィナンシャルタイムズ紙に、これに反する報道は「国際パートナーにウクライナへの武器提供を思いとどまるためのロシアの情報戦の一部かもしれない」と語っている。

しかし、西側の一部の関係者は警鐘を鳴らしている。米国の情報筋は4月、CNNに対し、これらの武器がどうなるかは「ほぼゼロ」であり、輸送品がウクライナに入ると「大きなブラックホールに落ちる」と表現した。カナダの情報筋は先月、武器の輸送が実際にどこで終わるのか「全く分からない」と述べた。

欧州警察機構(Europol)は、これらの武器の一部はEUの組織犯罪集団の手に渡ったと主張し、ロシア政府は中東に現れていると警告している。6月のRTの調査では、ジャベリンやNLAW対戦車システム、フェニックスゴーストやスイッチブレード爆発ドローンなど、西側の洗練されたハードウェアが、明らかに小銭で売られているオンラインマーケットが発見された。

ウクライナは常に世界で最も腐敗した国のひとつとされており、Transparency Internationalの2021年の「腐敗認識指数」では122/180を記録しています(180が最も腐敗しており、0が最も腐敗していないことを表しています)。

ワシントンでは、この腐敗に注意を喚起することは、議会の両党から嫌われています。ウクライナ出身のビクトリア・スパーツ議員は、ウラジミール・ゼレンスキー政権内の腐敗が指摘されていることから、議会は武器輸送の「適切な監視」を確立すべきだと提案し、同僚やホワイトハウスから注意を受けたと伝えられている。

"物資や物流のパイプラインを提供するならば、それなりの組織があるはずでしょう?" 元米国海兵隊大佐のアンディ・ミルバーンはCBSに語った。もし、あなたが関与しようとする能力がウクライナの国境で止まってしまったら、驚きは「ああ、この物資が必要なところに届かない」ではなく、「人々が実際にそうなると思っていた」ということです。

同様のシナリオは、以前にも世界の紛争地帯で展開され、壊滅的な結果をもたらしたことがある。"2003年にアメリカ主導のイラク侵攻で大量の武器がやってきたのを見ました。" Rovera氏はCBSに、"その後2014年にISISが国の大部分を占領し、イラク軍向けだった大量の武器在庫を引き継ぐということが起こりました。"と語っています。

同様に、2001年にアフガニスタンに侵攻したアメリカ軍は、1980年代にアメリカによって武装された前任者の戦闘員に直面しました。2021年に米国がアフガニスタンから撤退したとき、タリバンは残された数十億ドル相当の軍備を要求することになった。しかし、10年以上前の報告書では、アフガニスタンでは武器や車両、援助物資が最終的な使用者の手に渡る前に、定期的に消失していたことが指摘されている。

シリアでは、いわゆる「穏健派反乱軍」向けの米国の武器がISISやアル・ヌスラ聖戦士の手に渡り、サウジアラビアに売却された武器がイエメンのフーシ派反乱軍に押収されることになった。

ウクライナのウラジミール・ゼレンスキー大統領の顧問であるミハイル・ポドリアックは、日曜日に、自国に入った武器が所在不明であるという「証拠はない」と述べた。ロシアは、"武器の闇市場 "に関する疑惑で、西側社会の目にウクライナの信用を落とそうとしている」と、CBSなどがモスクワの言いなりになっていると非難するための明らかな努力で、彼は付け加えた。
www.DeepL.com/Translator(無料版)で翻訳しました。不備な訳を修正していません。

The West is silent as Ukraine targets civilians in Donetsk using banned ‘butterfly’ mines
The use of PFM-1 explosives against civilians is prohibited by the Geneva Conventions – but this evidently isn’t stopping Ukraine
On Saturday, July 30, just after 9pm, thunderous explosions rocked central Donetsk. Shortly after, there were announcements that air defense had shot down Ukrainian-fired missiles containing 'butterfly' (or 'petal') mines. Given that over 300 of these explosives are packed into each of the Ukrainian-fired rockets, central Donetsk could literally become a minefield if they successfully landed.

Social media and Telegram warnings urged residents to stay inside and wait for Emergency Services to clear the streets and sidewalks – which they began doing during the night. But come daylight, untold numbers of these tiny devices still remained. More warnings were issued to stay at home – better to be late for work than lose a leg. Residents that absolutely have to go out are advised to keep their eyes down to watch where they step, avoid grassy areas, and walk extremely carefully.

While Ukraine has been using these mines on Donbass for many months, in recent days, they have intensely bombarded neighborhoods with them. Initially targeted were the hard-hit districts of Kievskiy in the north, Kirovsky in the southwest, and Kuibyshevkiy in the west. But as of Saturday night, Ukraine hammered central Donetsk with them.

And now, walking in the city center is a nightmare, one I had to endure to document how widespread these mines are here: in central streets and walkways, near apartments, in parks...

Difficult to spot, easy to trigger

As it turns out, the ‘petals’ are not only widespread but often very difficult to spot – even if warning signs have been placed right next to them. Their small shape and dull color blends in with the surroundings and if you aren’t actively looking at the spot they’re in, you could easily miss them.

When walking, you learn to avoid any objects that could be covering a mine, and tread only on bare streets or sidewalks.

The first bunch of mines I saw were circled in chalk, a warning sign placed in front to keep cars from driving over them, and people from stepping on them. This was on a central Donetsk street, a residential area with shops and a park nearby. The entire area was littered with the ‘petals’. DPR sappers worked methodically, clearing area by area. But, given that hundreds of the mines were dropped all over the city, this is painstaking work.

Near some apartment blocks, numerous mines had been found and warning signs put out: “danger, mines,” it said by the tiny explosive circled with chalk or a tire or whatever was available to draw the eye to its presence.

But, on many occasions, looking at the area designated as containing a mine, it took me a good while to actually see it. Now imagine if there were no signs at all ... a bloodbath for civilians, and animals too, since it doesn’t take significant weight to set them off.
Butterfly mine basics

Around the size of an average lighter, the ‘petals’ are tiny but still very powerful. A clip shared on Telegram illustrates this: A DPR soldier chucks a tire at one of the mines, and the tire is flung high in the air from the blast. It doesn’t take a powerful imagination to estimate what would happen if a person stepped foot on one of them. The explosives are placed via remote delivery methods – meaning they can be spread by mortar, missile, or artillery, dropped by helicopters and planes.

According to DPR Emergency services, Ukraine is using Hurricane MLRS-fired rockets to spread the mines. Each contains 12 cluster munitions, each cluster has 26 mines inside. So each bomb has 312. The cluster explodes in the air, disseminating them widely, scattering in different directions. Their butterfly-like design enables them to glide and land without exploding, usually. Then they lie in wait for someone with bad luck to step on them.

Some of these anti-personnel mines have a self-destruct timer. Others, including the ones Ukraine is firing, have a years-long shelf life. They do pretty much no damage to military vehicles, and therefore their use in Donbass is insidious – deliberately targeting civilians, to leave them maimed.

On July 30, in a densely-inhabited working-class district of western Donetsk, in a field with garden plots for nearby apartment residents, I saw the same nefarious mines. Originally scattered, they had been collected and awaited destruction by DPR Emergency Services.

In the large courtyard of an apartment complex, I watched from a safe distance as Emergency Services timer-detonated eight mines they had found around the grounds. The day prior, they destroyed 26. Another 150 were located and destroyed using a radio-controlled minesweeper. But there remains much to be done to restore the streets and courtyards to safety.

Since the mines were scattered on Saturday evening, the DPR Representative Office at the JCCC has created an interactive map showing the areas most contaminated by the mines, giving residents a general warning of which areas to avoid while walking or driving in. While some cars have been lucky enough to only have a tire blown out, were the mine to detonate near the gas tank, the entire vehicle could explode.

Multiple civilians have been killed by the mines since they were scattered over Donetsk, and, even now, wounded civilians are still coming to the city’s hospitals. According to Vadim Onoprienko, the deputy director of a trauma surgery center, ten amputations have been performed over the last week – victims of Saturday’s mines and ones that had been dropped earlier, one of whom was an 83-year-old man.
All evidence points to Ukraine

Pro-Ukrainian commentators are, unsurprisingly, blaming Russia. Journalists claiming to care about civilians are perpetuating Ukrainian propaganda saying that Moscow’s forces are scattering the mines over civilian areas, never mind the fact that these territories are controlled by Russia’s allies. Among them is the would-be war hero Malcolm Nance, who temporarily abandoned his job as a notoriously anti-Russian MSNBC analyst to apparently actually fight the Russians in Ukraine.

This is the kind of projection I have seen ad nauseam when reporting from Syria and dealing with the Western propaganda there. Ukrainian nationalists openly admit they do not see the Donbass people as human and encourage their murder. Ukraine has been killing and maiming civilians in the Donetsk and Lugansk People’s Republic for over eight years, including firing cluster munitions into the heart of cities, targeting hospitals, markets, schools and busy streets. Given all of this, scattering butterfly mines over Donetsk is hardly surprising. It’s criminal, but not surprising.

One argument used by pro-Ukrainian commentators is that Kiev has been destroying these mines under the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, which it signed in 1999. However, out of the six million such mines Ukraine initially declared in its possession, only two million have reportedly been destroyed as of 2018.

Ukraine has good reason to believe it will not be held accountable for using them against civilians, given its Western backers’ and their allies’ penchant for using prohibited weapons on civilians without repercussions – including Agent Orange in Vietnam, depleted uranium in Iraq and Syria, and white phosphorous and dart bombs in Gaza.

The fact the Western media turns a blind eye is also a boon to Kiev.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 07:44| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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