アムネスティ・インターナショナルの報告が大議論を呼ぶ: ずくなしの冷や水

2022年08月07日

アムネスティ・インターナショナルの報告が大議論を呼ぶ

アムネスティ・インターナショナルが2022/8/4に発表したウクライナ軍が学校や病院を軍の拠点にしているとの報告がウクライナ政府の激しい怒りを買っています。このウクライナ軍の行動パターンは、ドンバスの住民の証言や独立ジャーナリストの取材ですでに知られるところとなっていますが、人権NGOが現地調査を踏まえて報告書を出したことは影響するところが大きいです。
アムネスティ・インターナショナルは、シリア戦争などに関しては、西側のバイアスのかかった報道と変わるところはなく、注目度が低下していましたが、今回はこれまでとは趣の異なるものとなっています。
アムネスティ・インターナショナルが組織の存亡をかけて自己主張に踏み出したというところです。
ウクライナ政府が、支援者も含めてこの報告書に猛反撃をしていますが、騒ぎが大きくなればなるほど世界的な認知度は高まり、ウクライナ政権の戦争犯罪に対する非難が強まることが予想されます。ウクライナ政府の汚職の横行に関するドイツメディアの報道なども出てきており、軍事行動での敗北と合わせてウクライナ政権を根底から揺さぶることになるでしょう。

Ukrainian forces ‘put civilians at risk’ – Amnesty
Kiev is routinely using schools and hospitals as military bases, the rights group says

Ukrainian forces appear to have a pattern of placing troops and military vehicles in residential areas, including using hospitals as de facto military bases, Amnesty said on Thursday. Such actions violate international humanitarian law and put civilian lives at risk, the human rights NGO said.

The accusation is based on research that Amnesty conducted between April and July in the east of Ukraine. In 19 towns and villages, it found evidence that Ukrainian forces launched strikes from within residential areas. In several cases they were targeted by retaliatory Russian attacks, some of which killed civilians, the report said.

In 22 out of the 29 schools visited by Amnesty they said they found evidence of current or prior military activity. In five locations they witnessed Ukrainian troops using hospitals as bases, which was “a clear violation of international humanitarian law.”

Most residential areas inspected were far away from frontlines, and there were viable alternatives for military deployments, Amnesty noted. The rights group said it was “not aware” that Ukraine tried to evacuate civilians from those areas, as is required under international rules of war.

“We have documented a pattern of Ukrainian forces putting civilians at risk and violating the laws of war when they operate in populated areas,” Agnes Callamard, Amnesty International’s Secretary General, said.

“Being in a defensive position does not exempt the Ukrainian military from respecting international humanitarian law,” she added. “Militaries should never use hospitals to engage in warfare and should only use schools or civilian homes as a last resort when there are no viable alternatives.”

Amnesty noted that in some places, where it assessed that Russian forces delivered unlawful indiscriminate strikes on residential areas, it did not find evidence of the presence of Ukrainian troops. Ukraine’s unlawful military use of civilian objects “does not in any way justify indiscriminate Russian attacks,” it stressed.

Responding to the report, Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said that Russia had frequently highlighted the methods described by Amnesty and had repeatedly reported that Ukraine is using civilians as human shields.

Moscow claims it never targets civilian sites, contrary to accusations coming from Kiev, and that it took every precaution to mitigate risks for civilians when attacking Ukrainian forces in cities and villages.

Amnesty fully ‘stands by’ report on Ukraine
The report on Ukraine’s violations of humanitarian law was based on an “extensive investigation,” the NGO maintains

Amnesty International said on Friday that it stands by a report in which it accused Kiev of endangering civilians by placing its military assets in schools and residential areas. The investigation drew the ire of the Ukrainian government and President Vladimir Zelensky.

The NGO “fully stands by our research,” Secretary General Agnes Callamard told the news agency AFP in an emailed statement. She also took to Twitter to state that her organization stands “by all victims. Impartially” and lashed out at those she called “social media mobs and trolls” that are “attacking” Amnesty’s investigations.

This is called war propaganda, disinformation, misinformation. This won’t dent our impartiality and won’t change the facts.

Earlier, Zelensky accused the NGO of shifting “the responsibility from the aggressor to the victim,” referring to Russia and Ukraine, respectively. The president stated that any report equating the actions of “the victim and the aggressor” in “some way” cannot “be tolerated.”

Zelensky accuses Amnesty International of supporting terrorism
Amnesty has stuck by its report that Ukrainian forces endangered civilians
Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky has accused Amnesty International of siding with “terrorists” after the organization condemned the Ukrainian military for placing weapons in civilian areas in violation of humanitarian law.

“Today we saw a report by Amnesty International, which unfortunately tries to amnesty the terrorist state and shift responsibility from the aggressor to the victim,” Zelensky said in a video address on Thursday evening.

“If someone makes a report that puts the aggressor and the victim on the same level, this cannot be tolerated,” he said, repeating three times that “Ukraine is a victim,” and adding that “anyone who doubts this is an accomplice of Russia – a terrorist country – and a terrorist themselves and a participant in the killings.”'

The report in question was published earlier on Thursday, and detailed 22 cases of Ukrainian forces launching strikes from schools and five examples of troops using hospitals as bases. Amnesty said that it was “not aware” that Ukraine tried to evacuate civilians before occupying these non-military locations.

“We have documented a pattern of Ukrainian forces putting civilians at risk and violating the laws of war when they operate in populated areas,” said Agnes Callamard, Amnesty International’s Secretary General. “Being in a defensive position does not exempt the Ukrainian military from respecting international humanitarian law.”

While Amnesty has also accused Russia of breaking international law in the conduct of its military operation, the report was slated online by supporters of Zelensky’s regime, who accused the international organization of peddling “Russian propaganda.”

Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba has also pushed back against the report, accusing Amnesty of “creating a false reality” where everyone “is at fault for something.” Instead, he argued that the organization should focus exclusively on alleged Russian wrongdoing.

Amid a torrent of criticism from pro-Ukrainian social media posters, Callamard stuck by the report. “To those who attack us alleging biases against Ukraine, I say: check our work,” she wrote on Twitter. “We stand by all victims. Impartially.” Callamard also accused “social media mobs and trolls” on both sides of the conflict of spreading “war propaganda, disinformation, [and] misinformation.”


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 05:41| Comment(4) | 国際・政治
この記事へのコメント
アムネスティは、組織の存続をかけてうんぬんは違うと思います。もともと西側のプロパガンダ組織であることは、新疆やこれまでの件を見ても明らかではないでしょうか?単に西側がロシアに勝てないと思ってその責任をゼレに取らせようとしているだけでしょう。戦わせておいて、自分達は関係ないというとこにしようとしているだけだと思いますが、どうでしょう。
Posted by 浅倉 保直 at 2022年08月08日 00:38
アムネスティがもともと西側のプロパガンダ組織であるというのはその通りだと思います。
西側の諸国は、MSMを使ってウクライナ軍のやった犯罪行為をロシア軍のやったこととし、ロシア攻撃を活発にやってきました。その中でアムネスティが逆方向でのレポート発表です。
通常ならまずMSMで報道の傾向、内容が変わるのが先ではないかと思いますが、今回は飛躍がありました。
ウクライナのアムネスティの代表者が抗議の辞任。なぜ、アムネスティが先兵の役を担うことになったのかは、よくわからないところがありますね。
Posted by ZUKUNASHI at 2022年08月08日 07:12
残念ながら、誰かの勘違いで情報を流したようですね。勘違いとは、ウクを見捨てると思ったという事ですが。それが、やめになったようで、手のひらを返して謝罪したりしてますね。ウクに。やっぱりこの団体はクズでしたね。残念。
Posted by 浅倉保直 at 2022年08月10日 22:45
謝罪はしたけど報告書は撤回しなかったのでしょう。
それに今回は「またデマを流している」といういつもの批判が見られませんから、まあ、頑張ったというところじゃないでしょうか。
Posted by ZUKUNASHI at 2022年08月10日 22:57
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