2022/8/6: ずくなしの冷や水

2022年08月07日

2022/8/6

Russia explains why it won’t use nukes in Ukraine
Moscow says its nuclear doctrine is very clear and the conflict in Ukraine does not meet any of its criteria
Allegations about Russia threatening to use nuclear weapons against Kiev are “untenable and baseless,” the deputy head of Moscow’s delegation to the UN Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) review conference, Andrey Belousov, said on Friday in New York.

“This is impossible since Russian doctrinal guidelines strictly limit emergency situations in which the use of nuclear weapons is hypothetically possible, namely in response to aggression involving weapons of mass destruction, or in response to aggression involving conventional weapons, where the very existence of the state is threatened,” Belousov explained.

“None of these hypothetical scenarios is relevant to the situation in Ukraine,” he stated.

The Russian diplomat also rejected insinuations about Moscow placing its nuclear deterrent on “high alert,” explaining that the current state of “increased vigilance,” with extra personnel on duty at strategic command posts, is “completely different” from an actual “state of high alert of strategic nuclear forces.”

Belousov argued that any warnings about a “serious risk of nuclear war” ever voiced by Russian officials in the context of the Ukraine crisis were directed at NATO, as a way to deter Western countries from direct aggression, as they “dangerously balance on the edge of a direct armed confrontation with Russia.”

While he did not name the accusers, Belousov’s response comes after the Ukrainian delegation to the NPT conference on Wednesday accused Moscow of “nuclear terrorism” and “openly threatening the world with its ability to use nuclear weapons,” while citing rhetoric by the “Russian media, think tanks and experts.”

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken also accused Russia of “reckless, dangerous nuclear saber-rattling” to “those supporting Ukraine’s self-defense,” in his address on Monday. Blinken claimed that the US is a much more “responsible” nuclear-armed state, and “would only consider the use of nuclear weapons in extreme circumstances to defend the vital interests of the United States, its allies, and partners.”

In a letter to participants of the NPT conference on Monday, Russian President Vladimir Putin reiterated that there would be no winners in a nuclear war, and that it must never be allowed to happen.

US President Joe Biden declared this week that Washington is ready to expeditiously negotiate “a new arms control framework” with Moscow. However, according to Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, the US has yet to come up with any proposals regarding an agreement that could potentially replace the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.

The landmark New START remains the only major arms control agreement between Moscow and Washington still in force. In early 2021, the deal was on the brink of expiration, but it was ultimately salvaged shortly after Biden’s inauguration, when Washington finally agreed to Moscow’s calls to prolong the deal without any preconditions. It is currently set to expire in 2026.
ロシアは、深刻な核事故をなんども経験しています。「核戦争に勝者はいない」 プーチンが言う通りです。外国からの攻撃で存亡の危機になれば国民の一部でも生き残る可能性に賭けて核兵器を使うことがあるかもしれませんが、彼らの側から核兵器を使うことはありません。ウクライナで核兵器が使われたらロシアのヨーロッパ部が放射能の汚染をもろに被ります。

Western special ops vets training Ukrainians – The Guardian
Kiev’s forces lack the skills to handle Western weapons, army veterans-turned-trainers have told the paper

Ukrainian recruits fighting in Donbass are undergoing ten-day intensive training courses led by a group of Western ex-military personnel calling themselves the Mozart Group, The Guardian reported on Friday.

Group members told the paper Ukrainian recruits' training and combat experience was lacking to the point where weapons supplied by the West were largely going to waste.

The company was founded by Andy Milburn, a retired American Marine Corps colonel, who served with the US military for 31 years, and according to The Guardian is mostly funded by “private US donors.” The group also includes other “carefully vetted” Western army veterans from the US, the UK, Ireland, and elsewhere.

The Mozart Group delivers intensive crash courses for Ukrainian soldiers lasting between five and ten days, The Guardian said. The courses involve “basic weapon handling, marksmanship, fire and maneuver and battlefield tactics,” the paper reported, adding that this type of training would normally take six months.

The training seems to give Ukrainian soldiers a significant boost, according to the company instructors. “Only one out of this group of 40 had zeroed his weapon before the training started,” Milburn said. Zeroing a weapon means aligning the sights so that one can aim accurately and is considered to be one of the basics of military training.

The Western instructors also criticized Ukraine’s approach to training and mobilization by calling it “backwards.” “This is what it must have been like in World War One,” a company member identified only as Alex said.

Another member of the Mozart Group, a former advanced paramedic from Ireland identified as Dathan, said that “the Ukrainian government doesn’t want to say that most of their military isn’t really trained.”

According to the group, weapons supplied to Ukraine by Washington and its allies since the start of the conflict between Kiev and Moscow in February are simply not being used correctly due to the lack of experience on the Ukrainian side.

The US-made Javelin portable anti-tank missile systems worth $178,000 each are “misused” or “redundant,” The Guardian said, citing Alex, who argued that the systems’ sophisticated sight batteries are running out before the missiles themselves are fired. “They are not getting the training they need,” Alex, who claimed to have specialized training in using Javelins and the UK-made NLAW missile systems, said.

Since the start of the military conflict with Russia in February, Western backers supplied Kiev with portable anti-tank and anti-aircraft systems, as well as heavier weapons like German PzH 2000 self-propelled howitzers and the US-made HIMARS multiple rocket launchers. In July, US media outlets reported that the diversity of the arms had been creating problems for the Ukrainian military due to their complicated logistics, training, and maintenance.
西側特殊部隊の退役軍人がウクライナ人を訓練 - The Guardian
キエフ軍には西洋の武器を扱うスキルがない、と退役軍人から転身したトレーナーが同紙に語った。

ドンバスで戦うウクライナ人の新兵は、「モーツァルト・グループ」と名乗る西側の元軍人たちによる10日間の集中訓練を受けていると、ガーディアン紙が金曜日に報じた。

グループのメンバーは、ウクライナの新兵の訓練と戦闘経験が不足しており、西側から供給された武器がほとんど無駄になっていると同紙に語った。

この会社は、31年間米軍に勤務した元米海兵隊大佐のアンディ・ミルバーンによって設立され、ガーディアン紙によれば、ほとんどが "米国の民間寄付者 "によって資金提供されているという。このグループには、他にもアメリカ、イギリス、アイルランドなどからの "慎重に吟味された "西軍退役軍人も含まれている。

ガーディアンによれば、モーツァルト・グループは、ウクライナの兵士に5日から10日間の集中講座を開いている。このコースでは、「基本的な武器の扱い方、射撃の技術、射撃と機動、戦場での戦術」などが行われ、この種の訓練は通常6ヶ月かかると同紙は報じている。

中隊の教官によれば、この訓練はウクライナ兵を大きく成長させるようだ。「この40人のグループのうち、訓練が始まる前に武器のゼロ調整ができたのは1人だけだった」とミルバーンは言った。ゼロ調整とは、正確に狙いを定めるために照準を合わせることで、軍事訓練の基本中の基本とされている。

また、欧米の教官たちは、ウクライナの訓練や動員のやり方を "後進国 "と呼んで批判している。"第一次世界大戦の時もこんな感じだったんだろうな "と、アレックスとしか名乗らない中隊員が言ってました。

モーツァルト・グループのもう1人のメンバーで、アイルランド出身の元上級救急隊員ダサンは、"ウクライナ政府は、自国軍のほとんどが実際には訓練を受けていないことを言いたがらない "と述べた。

同グループによると、2月にキエフとモスクワの間で紛争が始まって以来、ワシントンとその同盟国からウクライナに供給された武器は、ウクライナ側の経験不足により、正しく使用されていないだけだという。

1台17万8000ドルの米国製携帯対戦車ミサイルシステム「ジャベリン」は、「誤用」または「冗長」だと、ガーディアン紙はアレックスの言葉を引用し、ミサイルそのものを発射する前に、システムの高性能照準器バッテリーが尽きてしまうと主張している。ジャベリンと英国製NLAWミサイルシステムの使用について専門的な訓練を受けていると主張するアレックス氏は、「彼らは必要な訓練を受けていない」と述べた。

2月にロシアとの軍事衝突が始まって以来、西側諸国はキエフに携帯型の対戦車・対空システム、ドイツ製のPzH2000自走榴弾砲や米国製のHIMARS多連装ロケットランチャーといった重火器を供給している。7月、米国のメディアは、兵器の多様性がウクライナ軍に複雑なロジスティックス、トレーニング、メンテナンスの問題を引き起こしていると報じた。

www.DeepL.com/Translator(無料版)で翻訳しました。一部修正。

「ジャベリン」は1台2千万円ですね。多くが中東などに横流しされています。

Ukrainian mayors at odds with Zelensky – media
The local authorities want to get foreign aid directly instead of relying on Kiev’s generosity, officials told the Washington Post
There is growing dissatisfaction among Ukrainian mayors with President Vladimir Zelensky and his government, the Washington Post reported on Thursday. They want more say in receiving and distributing foreign aid, which is currently funneled through Kiev, several of the city heads told the newspaper.

The Ukrainian government “appears to be trying to sideline mayors to maintain control of recovery aid and to weaken any future political rivals,” according to the Post. Some officials believe Kiev is backtracking on promises to decentralize the government and empower people on the local level to solve their own problems.

At least three Ukrainian mayors expressed this sentiment to some degree in interviews with the Washington Post, including Boris Filatov of Dnepr, Vladislav Atroshenko of Chernigov, and Aleksandr Tretyak of Rovno.

The former two have been publicly critical of Zelensky’s policies amid the hostilities with Russia. Filatov, a strongman politician who has led the city since 2015, recently took issue with the president’s move to strip Ukrainian citizenship from Gennady Korban, a longtime ally of Filatov.

“I really would not want the central government taking advantage of the fact that we have a war in our country, to start, let’s say, creating an autocracy,” the Dnepr mayor wrote on social media, blasting the move.

Atroshenko lashed out at the Zelensky government last month, accusing “subordinates” of the Ukrainian president of trying to subvert the mayor’s power. The statement came after he was barred from leaving the country for what he described to the Post as a fundraising trip on behalf of Chernigov.

A senior aide to Zelensky warned in response that Kiev can find ways “to help cities and communities” without mayors who “complain about not being able to go abroad.”

The government in Kiev serves as the “main conduit” for billions of dollars in aid pledged by Ukraine’s sponsors for reconstruction purposes, the Post noted. The central government also installed military administrations in Ukrainian regions “whose power often supersedes that of civilian local governments and which are funded directly” from the capital.

The report stressed that despite their dissatisfaction with Kiev’s policies, Ukrainian mayors see fighting against Russia as a top priority. But it warned that as the conflict grinds on, Ukraine may fall back into political infighting, which marked the entire period of the country’s post-Soviet independence.

Contributing to the rift is the fact that Zelensky’s Servant of the People party performed poorly during the 2020 municipal elections, allowing candidates from other parties to be elected to various offices. At the time, both the president and the ruling party were deeply unpopular among voters, who were disillusioned with his government’s policies.
ウクライナの市長たちの間で、ウラジーミル・ゼレンスキー大統領とその政府に対する不満が高まっていると、ワシントン・ポストが木曜日に報じた。市長たちは、現在キエフ経由で行われている海外からの援助の受け取りと分配について、もっと発言権を持ちたいと考えている、と市長たちの何人かは同紙に語った。

ウクライナ政府は「復興支援の管理を維持し、将来の政治的ライバルを弱体化させるために、市長たちを孤立させようとしているようだ」と同紙は報じている。政府関係者の中には、キエフは政府を地方分権化し、地方レベルの人々が自分たちの問題を解決できるようにするという約束を反故にしていると考える者もいる。

ドニエプル市のボリス・フィラトフ氏、チェルニゴフ市のウラディスラフ・アトロシェンコ氏、ロブノ市のアレクサンドル・トレチャク氏など、少なくとも3人のウクライナ市長がワシントンポスト紙とのインタビューで、ある程度はこの考えを表明している。

前2者は、ロシアとの敵対関係の中で、ゼレンスキー氏の政策に公然と批判的であった。2015年から同市を率いる強権政治家フィラトフは最近、フィラトフの長年の盟友であるゲンナジー・コルバンからウクライナ国籍を剥奪する大統領の動きを問題視している。

ドニエプル市長はソーシャルメディアに、「中央政府が、わが国で戦争が起きていることを利用して、たとえば独裁政治を始めるようなことは、私は本当に望んでいない」と書き、この動きを非難した。

アトロシェンコは先月、ゼレンスキー政権を非難し、ウクライナ大統領の「部下」が市長の権力を転覆させようとしていると非難した。この発言は、彼がポスト新聞にチェルニゴフ市のための資金調達の旅と説明したために出国を禁止された後のことだった。

ゼレンスキー氏の上級補佐官はこれに対し、「海外に行けないと文句を言う」市長がいなくても、キエフは「都市や地域を助ける」方法を見つけることができると警告した。

キエフの政府は、ウクライナのスポンサーが復興目的で約束した何十億ドルもの援助の「主要な窓口」として機能している、とポスト紙は指摘した。中央政府はまた、ウクライナの地方に軍事政権を設置し、その権力はしばしば文民である地方政府の権力に取って代わり、首都から直接資金を調達している」。

報告書は、キエフの政策に不満があるにもかかわらず、ウクライナの市長たちはロシアとの戦いを最優先事項と考えていると強調した。しかし、紛争が長引くと、ソビエト独立後のウクライナの特徴であった政治的内紛に逆戻りする可能性があると警告している。

2020年の市町村選挙でゼレンスキー氏の政党「国民の奉仕者」の成績が悪く、他党の候補者の当選を許してしまったことが、この対立の一因となっている。当時、大統領も与党も、政府の政策に幻滅した有権者から深い不人気を受けていた。

Zelensky angered by lack of help from EU
Withholding €8 billion in financial aid is either “a crime or a mistake” by Brussels, the Ukrainian leader says

Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky has lashed out at the EU, accusing the bloc of deliberately withholding €8 billion ($8.18 billion) in aid promised to his country amid the conflict with Russia.

“Every day and in different ways, I remind some EU leaders that Ukrainian pensioners, our displaced persons, our teachers and other people, who depend on payments from the budget shouldn’t be hostages of their indecision or bureaucracy,” Zelensky said in a video address on Telegram on Thursday.

The EU has suspended the allocation of €8 billion, and this “artificial delay in macro-financial aid for our country is either a crime or a mistake,” he insisted.

The president did not name the nations responsible for withholding the money, but expressed hope that it’s only a mistake “and it will be corrected.”

Earlier this week, the deputy head of Zelensky’s office, Igor Zhovkva, said that Ukraine has so far received just €1 billion from Brussels, while “some EU countries, including Germany” are blocking the transfer of another €8 billion.

With Kiev unable to patch the holes in its budget due to the fighting and the dire economic situation, the EU promised in May to provide Ukraine with €9 billion in subsidies and low-interest loans by the end of 2022.

80億ユーロの資金援助の差し控えは、ブリュッセルの「犯罪か間違い」だとウクライナの指導者は言う。

ウラジーミル・ゼレンスキー・ウクライナ大統領は、EUがロシアとの紛争の中で自国に約束した80億ユーロ(81億8000万ドル)の援助を意図的に差し控えていると非難し、怒りを露わにした。

「毎日、さまざまな方法で、私はEUの指導者たちに、予算からの支払いに頼っているウクライナの年金生活者、避難民、教師、その他の人々を、彼らの優柔不断さや官僚主義の人質にしてはいけないと思い知らせている」と、ゼレンスキーは木曜日にテレグラムのビデオ演説で語った。

EUは80億ユーロの割り当てを停止しており、この「わが国へのマクロ金融支援の人為的な遅れは、犯罪か間違いである」と主張した。

大統領は、資金を差し止めた責任国の名前は挙げなかったが、"間違い "に過ぎず、修正されることを望むと表明した。

今週初め、ゼレンスキー事務所のイゴール・ゾフクヴァ副所長は、ウクライナはこれまでブリュッセルから10億ユーロしか受け取っておらず、「ドイツを含む一部のEU諸国」はさらに80億ユーロの送金を妨げていると述べた。

キエフが戦闘と悲惨な経済状況のために予算の穴を埋めることができないため、EUは5月に、2022年末までに補助金と低利融資で90億ユーロをウクライナに提供することを約束した。

EU adds ex-Ukrainian president to sanctions list
Brussels has accused Viktor Yanukovich and his son of undermining the nation’s independence

The European Council added former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich and his son Aleksandr to its sanctions list on Thursday. They accused the former leader, who was ousted during the 2014 'Maidan' coup, of playing a role in “undermining or threatening the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine,” as well as its “stability and security.”

The council did not elaborate on why Yanukovich was added to the list, simply referring to him as “pro-Russian.” His son was accused of “conducting transactions with the separatist groups” in Donbass.

Previously, the only Ukrainian nationals sanctioned by the EU were those serving in government positions in territories Russia had taken control over during the military operation in Ukraine, launched on February 24.

Yanukovich was granted asylum in Russia after he was forced to flee Ukraine. In 2019, a Ukrainian court sentenced him in absentia to 13 years in prison for treason. At the time, he accused the Ukrainian authorities of placing pressure on the court, and said the decision had “nothing to do with the law.”

In March this year, Ukrainian media outlets published unsubstantiated claims that Russia was planning to reappoint Yanukovich as president of Ukraine.

The EU has targeted Yanukovich and his son before. In March 2021, the European Council extended personal restrictions imposed on the two in 2014 over the alleged embezzlement of Ukrainian state funds, and froze their assets. The former president won a court battle against the EC in June of that year.

Yanukovich has not yet commented on the EU’s latest decision, nor has Moscow.

Most of those targeted with personal sanctions by the EU and US, as well as their allies, are Russian military commanders, politicians, and businessmen (including family members) deemed to be close to the Kremlin.

The latest round of sanctions adopted by the EU in mid-July involved personal restrictions against Russian actors Sergey Bezrukov and Vladimir Mashkov, Moscow Mayor Sergey Sobyanin, and the leader of the Night Wolves biker club, Aleksandr Zaldostanov, who was accused of “actively supporting Russian state propaganda through publicly denying Ukraine’s right to statehood.”

Today, Ukraine bombed a Donetsk hotel full of journalists – here’s what it felt like to be there
Another attack from Kiev has hit central Donetsk, targeting a funeral and a hotel where numerous reporters stay and work

At 10:13 am today (Thursday), Ukraine began shelling central Donetsk. There were five powerful blasts in the space of ten minutes. The last explosion blew out my hotel’s ground-floor glass, including a sitting room – where journalists often congregate before and after going out to do field reporting – and the lobby. About one minute earlier, I had passed through the latter. A cameraman’s assistant who was there at the time of that fifth explosion suffered a concussion from the force of the blast.

A woman walking outside the building was killed, as were at least four others, including a child. Donetsk Telegram channels are filled with videos locals have taken, of the dead, the injured and the damage, and of grief-stricken people. One such hard-to-watch Telegram post (warning: graphic footage) features a man in shock at the gruesome sight of the bodies of his murdered wife and grandchild on a street two blocks from the hotel.

The total number of injured is still not known, as I write. First estimates placed the number at at least ten, among them two ambulance workers: a paramedic and a doctor.

Reading the news, you have the luxury of graphic image warnings and the choice not to look at the pictures and videos of the carnage that occurred today, as well as over the past eight years of Ukraine's war on Donbass. The people here on the ground don’t get a warning, or a choice as to whether they will see the mutilated remains of a loved-one or stranger. As uncomfortable as it is to see such footage, it does need to be shown if the world is to know the truth of what’s going on in Donbass, to give voice to the locals, killed and terrorized by Ukrainian forces as Western corporate media looks elsewhere or covers up these crimes.

Chronology of a bomb strike

When the shelling started, I was in my room editing footage from the previous day – from the aftermath of another shelling of a Donetsk district. You wouldn’t know it from most Western media coverage but explosions are so common here that I didn’t think much of the blast other than it was louder than usual and the car alarms were going off.

Seven minutes later, another explosion, much louder and much closer. From the window, smoke could be seen rising to the north, probably 200 meters away. This would have been right near the Opera House, where the funeral ceremony for Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) Colonel Olga Kachura, killed yesterday, was commencing.

A minute later, another loud blast sent me running from the room, which faced the direction of incoming artillery. Luckily, the only damage ended up being a broken window.

Downstairs, journalists who had been in the hotel and others who had been outside ready to go out reporting, took shelter in the hallway for the time being, ready to run to the basement if things escalated.

One told me he had been preparing to go film and was about 10 meters away from where the last shell struck. “I believe they were trying to target the funeral. And journalists also,” he said. He also said there was a woman outside who had lost a leg, and that she was probably dead by now.

One could assume that Kiev’s forces’ only intended target was the funeral service for Colonel Kachura, aiming perhaps to send a message to the DPR military and the civilians who support it. While that would be egregious by itself, it is likely that a hotel housing journalists was not just ‘collateral damage,’ either.

Ukraine routinely persecutes, censors, imprisons, tortures, and targets media personnel, putting us on kill lists.

Kiev’s forces know a lot of journalists stay at this hotel for its central location and strong wifi. Many frequently do their live reports from outside the hotel. And those staying here, as well as in other central Donetsk neighborhoods, have been loudly reporting on Ukraine’s showering of Donetsk with the insidious, internationally-prohibited ‘butterfly’ anti-personnel mines of late – the latest, until today, in the list of Kiev’s war crimes. These explosives are designed to rip off feet and legs, and Ukraine has repeatedly fired rockets containing them, intentionally dropping them on civilian areas in Donetsk and other Donbass cities.

After the explosions rang out in central Donetsk today, Emergency Services arrived at the scene and, following a period of calm, journalists went out to document the damage and the dead. The woman I’d been told about lay in a pool of blood, covered with what appeared to be a curtain from one of the blown-out windows.

The calm didn’t last long. Ukraine soon resumed shelling, and journalists outside ran back inside as we received another four attacks. “It’s like a common thing, they shoot one place and shoot it again. So we’re in the middle of that process right now,” a Serbian guy near me said. The chief of a local Emergency Services headquarters told me Kiev also makes triple strikes, not only double.

It is said that Ukraine used NATO-standard 155mm caliber weapons in today’s attack. If that is true, this is another instance of Ukraine using Western-supplied weapons to slaughter and maim civilians in the Donetsk and Lugansk People’s Republics.

If by bombing a hotel full of journalists Kiev wanted to intimidate them away from reporting on Ukraine’s war crimes, it won’t work. Most journalists reporting from on the ground here do so because, unlike the crocodile tears of the West for conflicts they create, we actually care about the lives of people here.

Europe’s aerospace industry fears Russia sanctions – WSJ
A disruption of titanium exports could spell trouble for plane manufacturers
Europe’s aerospace industry would be in danger if sanctions disrupt the supply of Russian titanium, the Wall Street Journal reported on Friday, citing the top management of Airbus.

Russia’s VSMPO-Avisma is the world’s largest supplier of the metal and was the main trading partner for the US-based Boeing and Europe’s Airbus.

While Boeing halted purchases of Russian titanium from VSMPO, Airbus has continued buying it through unsanctioned entities and has lobbied to keep the firm off the sanctions list.

“The ones we would sanction would be ourselves. If they [VSMPO] stop delivering to worldwide global aerospace, it’s the end of the story. So it’s a typical lose-lose,” the WSJ quoted Airbus CEO Guillaume Faury as saying.

VSMPO meets about half of Airbus’ titanium needs. The metal is widely used in plane making because it is light, strong, and resistant to corrosion.

Before the sanctions, Boeing received about a third of its titanium from Russia. Apart from Japan, US allies don’t produce aircraft-quality metal. The Department of Commerce has repeatedly described the current situation as a threat to national security.

After the start of Moscow’s military operation in Ukraine, plane manufacturers said they were looking for alternative sources of titanium, but according to the WSJ, this diversification did not happen.

Ukraine thanks North Macedonia for tanks and planes
The warplanes were originally bought from Kiev, local media has claimed
Ukraine will soon receive a new batch of military aid, this time from North Macedonia, President Vladimir Zelensky’s aide, Mikhail Podoliak, confirmed on Saturday. According to Macedonian media, the planes Skopje allegedly plans to give Kiev were bought from Ukraine in the early 2000s.

According to the media, the tanks are Soviet-made T-72s that Skopje obtained from Russia in 2000 during an internal conflict with local separatist groups. It is unclear how many tanks it plans to give Kiev, but the Balkan nation possessed a total of 31.

On Thursday, North Macedonia’s MKD news media outlet also reported that Skopje plans to hand over four Soviet-made Su-25 military aircraft to Kiev. The Defense Ministry has neither confirmed nor denied this, but said the details of decisions related to military aid for Ukraine would be “declassified and transparently published” later.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 06:11| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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