EUがロシアからのガス遮断に備える: ずくなしの冷や水



EU prepares for gas cutoff – media
The bloc will reportedly advise citizens to ration should Russia switch off the tap
The European Union is planning out a set of emergency measures to mitigate the impact of a potential Russian gas cutoff, Bloomberg reported on Wednesday. Among the measures being considered are stockpiling, directing supply to key industries, and placing restrictions on public use.

The steps are laid out in a draft document seen by Bloomberg, which calls for “early joint action at EU level” to address the bloc’s fears that Russia may abruptly cut off the gas supply to the continent.

“Acting now could reduce the impact of a sudden supply disruption by one third,” the European Commission stated in the document, which Bloomberg noted is still subject to change before it is adopted as policy next week.

According to the document, gas flows from Russia are now less than 30% of the 2016-2021 average. Should Russia pull the plug, the EU would like to have gas reserves at 80% in order to “reduce the impact of a sudden supply disruption by a third.”

The EU plans to recommend that countries prioritize supply chains and key industries in the event of a cutoff, while incentivizing reduced usage through “market-based measures,” such as auctions or tender systems – which would drive up prices.

Domestic consumers will be hit with information campaigns urging them to reduce their home heating – as has already happened in several countries – and would have mandatory limits placed on their gas usage “during an alert level of crisis,” in Bloomberg’s words.

After the EU placed sanctions on Russia, several of the bloc’s members have seen their gas supplies affected for varying reasons. Bulgaria, Poland and Finland refused to comply with Russia’s ruble-based payments system in April, and as a result had their supply cut off by Gazprom. Germany had its gas deliveries temporarily reduced earlier this month when sanctions prevented the Russian energy giant from receiving a repaired turbine back from Canada, before Berlin eventually negotiated a waiver.

Germany, whose position as Europe’s industrial powerhouse depends on Russian gas, also voluntarily threw its supply into jeopardy when it abandoned the Nord Stream 2 pipeline within days of Russia launching its military operation in Ukraine in February. Germany’s gas woes are set to continue, with Gazprom having shut down Nord Stream 1 on Monday for ten days of annual maintenance.



同文書によると、ロシアからのガス流量は現在、2016年から2021年の平均値の30%以下である。万が一ロシアが供給を停止した場合、EUは "突然の供給途絶の影響を3分の1に減らす "ために、80%のガス備蓄を持つことを望んでいる。





Hungary declares energy emergency
Budapest will ban exports and boost domestic production ahead of winter shortages
The Hungarian government declared a state of emergency over tightening energy supplies on Wednesday. Gergely Gulyas, an aide to Prime Minister Viktor Orban, announced that domestic gas and coal production will be stepped up and gas reserves filled ahead of winter in Europe.

With the EU cutting itself off from Russian energy imports, Gulyas told reporters that Europe will likely not have enough gas for this autumn and winter. In response to the supply crunch, he announced a seven-point plan, effective from August.

Hungary will increase domestic gas production from 1.5 to 2 billion cubic meters, while filling the country’s storage facilities with foreign gas. At present, Gulyas said that Hungary’s reserves are 44% full.

Meanwhile, his government will impose a ban on the export of firewood, while increasing domestic coal extraction. At the same time, the coal-fired Matra power plant will be restarted as soon as possible, having been partially shut down since January 2021.



Germany reveals when it will wean itself off Russian energy
The country will stop buying coal on August 1 and oil on December 31, the deputy finance minister has said
Germany will completely end its dependence on some types of Russian energy this year – it will stop buying coal on August 1, and oil on December 31, Deputy Finance Minister Joerg Kukies announced on Wednesday.

Speaking at the Sydney Energy Forum amid ongoing gas shortage concerns, Kukies accused Moscow of having “a blatant disregard” for contractual obligations “by using gas as a weapon.” His remarks came after Gazprom reduced the flow of gas to Germany via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline by 60% last month, citing sanctions-related issues. Kukies, however, said his country placed itself under “this concentrated risk of sourcing energy in such an undiversified way from one source.”

The deputy finance minister explained that in order to diversify sources of energy, his country is accelerating the drive for renewables. However, instead of switching directly from fossil fuels to renewables, it must switch “from fossil fuels including Russia to fossil fuels excluding Russia into renewables,” adding that doing so “simultaneously adds complexity,” but the first goal will be achieved very soon.

“We will be off of Russian coal in a few weeks. 1st of August – complete sanction, zero volume of coal from Russia, it used to be 40% of our coal mix,” he said.



「私たちは数週間以内にロシアの石炭から離れます。 8月1日–完全な制裁、ロシアからの石炭の量はゼロで、以前は私たちの石炭ミックスの40%でした」と彼は言いました。無料版)で翻訳しました。


Russia’s Gazprom stops another turbine in major gas project
Natural gas supply via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline will be reduced from its current 40% capacity
Russian energy major Gazprom has stopped the operation of another Siemens turbine, the company announced on Monday. The supply through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline will not exceed 33 million cubic meters per day starting July 27, business daily Kommersant has reported.

Gazprom says the decision to switch off the turbine was made based on its technical condition and the fact that it’s due for an overhaul.

According to an earlier report by Kommersant, several of the nine turbines at the Portovaya compressor station are in need of repair.

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