ウクライナ戦争でエネルギー危機 電気ガス代が上がります: ずくなしの冷や水

2022年03月29日

ウクライナ戦争でエネルギー危機 電気ガス代が上がります

Russia sanctions may lead to global energy crisis
International energy security should be the top priority now, IEA says
The events in Ukraine could soon lead to a global energy crisis, the head of the Paris-based International Energy Agency, Fatih Birol, said at a meeting of energy and climate ministers on Wednesday.
パリに本部を置く国際エネルギー機関のファティ・ビロル所長は、水曜日に開かれたエネルギー・気候相会合で、ウクライナでの出来事が近いうちに世界のエネルギー危機につながる可能性があると指摘した。
“Given Russia’s role in the global energy system, this humanitarian crisis could be followed by an energy one,” he said, noting that it is now crucial to determine what measures the global community can take to avoid this.
「世界のエネルギーシステムにおけるロシアの役割を考えると、この人道的危機の後にエネルギー危機が来るかもしれない」と述べ、これを回避するために国際社会がどのような手段を取ることができるかを決定することが今、極めて重要であると指摘した。
“This situation confirms the need to ensure international energy security.”

The global energy watchdog announced last week it had developed a 10-step plan aimed at reducing global oil demand by 2.7 million barrels per day within four months. The organization proposes reducing the speed limit on highways by 10kph, banning the use of cars on Sundays, reducing public transport tariffs, stimulating car-sharing, expanding remote work to three days a week, and promoting the use of high-speed and night trains instead of flights, as well as the broader use of electric vehicles.
世界のエネルギー監視団は先週、4ヶ月以内に世界の石油需要を日量270万バレル削減することを目的とした10段階の計画を策定したと発表した。同団体は、高速道路の制限速度を時速10キロに引き下げ、日曜日には自動車の使用を禁止し、公共交通機関の料金を引き下げ、カーシェアリングを活性化し、リモートワークを週3日に拡大し、飛行機の代わりに高速鉄道や夜行列車の使用を促進し、さらに電気自動車の利用を拡大することを提案している。
“This would significantly reduce potential strains at a time when a large amount of Russian supplies may no longer reach the market and the peak demand season of July and August is approaching,” the IEA said in a press release. According to the organization, practical action by governments and citizens can significantly reduce the demand for oil and reduce consumer spending on automobile fuel.

The warning comes as oil supplies from Russia have been put in jeopardy amid sanctions imposed on the country over its military operation in Ukraine. Russia is the world’s largest exporter of the commodity to global markets, and the third-largest oil-producing country in the world.

The US and UK said earlier this month they would stop buying Russian oil, while the EU is still divided on the issue. The IEA estimated in its March report that Russia may lose roughly one-third of its total oil production due to economic sanctions.

Meanwhile, the anti-Russia policies have been backfiring on states that introduced them. Inflation in both the US and EU has been soaring to multiple-year highs, with the costs for energy contributing the most to rising prices.

日本のLNG輸入量の8.2%がロシアから(2019年度)
原油の輸入では5.8%。(2017年)
https://www.enecho.meti.go.jp/about/special/johoteikyo/russia.html
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 17:59| Comment(0) | 生活防衛
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