米国がファーウェイに対する追加制裁・妨害措置なら中国が強力な対抗策: ずくなしの冷や水

2020年05月19日

米国がファーウェイに対する追加制裁・妨害措置なら中国が強力な対抗策

トランプがファーウェイに対する追加制裁・妨害を行うと言っています。米国のそのような妨害は、ファーウェイの側の部品内製化を促し、いずれは米国製品の強力な競争相手になるはずなのですが、まだトランプ政権はわかっていない。
新コロナウィルスでも、電子機器でも相次ぐ米国の誹謗、妨害に中国も「強力な対抗策」で臨むと匿名のアナリストに語らせました。対抗策は、クアルコム、シスコ、アップルなどのほか、ボーイングの航空機買い付けの取り消しを含むようです。米中の貿易戦争がエスカレートすると、世界経済はいろいろな分野で失調することが避けられません。

SPUTNIK2020/5/18
US-China Tech Competition: Washington ‘Can’t Rest on Its Laurels’
Over the past several years Beijing has rolled out a raft of initiatives that it hopes will help turn China into a world leader in different technology areas.

The CNBC news outlet has quoted experts as saying that despite the US’s current leading positions in some areas of its technology rivalry with China, Washington should avoid resting on its laurels and focus instead on cooperating more with its allies as well as re-orientating domestic policy to boost competitiveness.

The warning comes as the two countries remain involved in an increasing competition to dominate various fields of next-generation technology, including 5G networks and artificial intelligence (AI).

"The US-China competition is essentially about who will control the global information technology infrastructure and standards", Frank Rose, senior fellow for security and strategy in the Foreign Policy programme at the Brookings Institution, was cited by CNBC as saying during a webinar earlier in May.

Michael Brown, director of the defence innovation unit at the US Department of Defence, for his part asserted that China has yet to get the better of the US in such areas as the production of jet engines and semiconductors.

"So they're [China] not quite there yet, but I think we can't rest on our laurels. I think they very much can compete, and that's what makes me very concerned, if we don’t wake up and see what we need to do to compete", he told the Brookings Institution webinar earlier this month.

The same tone was struck by Scott Moore, director of the Penn Global China Programme at the University of Pennsylvania, who warned during the same webinar that China remains the "only one whose scale could potentially […] pose a threat to American pre-eminence" in the biotech sector.

Andrew Imbrie, senior fellow with the Centre for Security and Emerging Technology at Georgetown University, in turn recalled that the US and its allies comprise almost two-thirds of global R&D, which is why "there's extraordinary ways we can try to leverage that pool of research and development and coordinate on shared priorities".

Apart from investing in research, the US government should hammer out a "more important and more difficult strategy" that would involve the "need to reform our business thinking, and our capital markets, to move away from short-term thinking, to be more long-term oriented", according to Brown.

He cautioned that the US business community's short-term thinking may hamper the country's efforts to win a "superpower marathon" with China. "We have to reform this or we're not going to be successful in competing with" Beijing, Brown pointed out.

The remarks come as the Chinese government prepares to release its 15-year blueprint, the so-called "China Standards 2035", to outline its plans on setting international standards for future technologies.

This was preceded by Beijing signaling an intention in 2017 to become a global leader in AI by 2030; 2015 saw the presentation of the Made in China 2025 plan aimed at helping the country dominate global high-tech production.
US-China Tensions

Tensions between the US and China are on the rise as Washington levels accusations against Beijing for alleged underreporting and mismanaging the COVID-19 epidemic, something that the Chinese government vehemently rejects.

Adding fuel to the fire is America's ongoing crackdown on the Chinese tech giant Huawei which was blacklisted by the Department of Commerce in May 2019. The department cited national security concerns that Huawei's 5G networks could be used by the Chinese government for spying, allegations that are denied by both Huawei and Beijing.

SPUTNIK2020/5/17
China’s Planned Retaliatory Steps Against New US Crackdown on Huawei May Come as ‘Nuke Bomb’
On Saturday, Beijing urged the US to halt the "unreasonable suppression of Huawei and Chinese enterprises" following Washington's announcement of new export controls to restrict the tech giant's access to American semiconductor technology.

The state-run Chinese newspaper Global Times has cited unnamed analysts as saying that Beijing's planned retaliatory steps against Washington's intention to clamp down on shipments of semiconductors to Huawei may be likened to a "nuke bomb" in terms of effectiveness.

"The forceful countermeasures" will reportedly include a crackdown on a number of large US companies, such as Qualcomm, Cisco, and Apple as well as the American plane maker Boeing.

"China will launch rounds of endless investigations on those firms, just like swords hanging over their head. It will dampen investors' confidence and squeeze their income in the Chinese market", an unnamed source told the Global Times, adding that "it will also inflict a chain reaction on various upstream and downstream players in US chip production".

The source was echoed by He Weiwen, a former senior trade official and an executive council member of the China Society for World Trade Organisation Studies, who told the newspaper that Beijing "should implement these countermeasures to the extent that the US dare not ask for a mile after being given an inch".

He urged the Chinese government to conduct "thorough investigations into relevant US companies" and "let them feel the pain".

As far as Boeing is concerned, an unnamed insider was cited by the Global Times as saying that China could "possibly scrap all the current Boeing orders if the US steps on China's bottom line, even if it means some Chinese firms have to pay for the liquidated damages".

The remarks followed Beijing calling on Washington Saturday to stop the "unreasonable suppression of Huawei and Chinese enterprises" following the US Department of Commerce's announcement of new export controls to restrict the tech giant's access to American semiconductor technology.

China's Foreign Ministry said in a statement that the government "will firmly uphold Chinese firms' legitimate and legal rights and interests", adding that the Trump administration's actions "destroy global manufacturing, supply, and value chains".

The statement came amid Washington's ongoing crackdown on Huawei, which kicked off in May 2019, when the US Department of Commerce prohibited internet providers from using the company's products and American tech companies from selling technologies to the Chinese tech giant without obtaining a special license first.

The White House claims that the company is collaborating with the Chinese government to allow it to spy on those who use the tech titan's equipment, allegations that have been rejected by both Beijing and Huawei.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:08| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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