ロシアが内閣改造 ラブロフ、ショイグ留任 首相はミシュスティン: ずくなしの冷や水

2020年01月26日

ロシアが内閣改造 ラブロフ、ショイグ留任 首相はミシュスティン

プーチンは、ずいぶん余裕が感じられます。

ロシアのメドベージェフ内閣が総辞職を表明、プーチンがこれを受け入れて内閣改造が行われます。

私の最大の関心事項は、なんといっても外務大臣ラブロフの去就。代わってほしくないが、あれだけの激務は少し気の毒。今週もモスクワでリビアの和平協議に出た後夜行便でスリランカに飛び、今日はインドにいる。いくら専用機があると言ってもこれは疲れる。このあとウズベキスタンに寄ってからモスクワに帰っています。

ラブロフは、コロンボに勤めていたことがあるそうです。

現在69歳、留任ですかね。別に外務大臣を置いて、ラブロフが特命でシリアやアフガン、リビアを担当するという形はあると思います。

ロシアには外務大臣の副大臣が何人かいますが、気を付けていても次はこの人だろうと絞り切れません。
2020/1/17 Acting Russian FM Sergei Lavrov Holds Annual Press Conference


ザハロバが、スボークスウーマンから別のポストに就くか。彼女はすでに局長級だそうですからいずれ彼女が外務大臣を務めることがあるかもしれません。いろいろな会議に出ています。ラブロフの下で勉強させられているように感じています。

ショイグ、64歳。彼は留任でしょう。

憲法改正も提案されています。プーチン後を見通した権力の分散でしょう。
It is an attempt to transform a super-centralized personified system of power into a more balanced and diversified one… with a strong president but not as strong as today.

首相は、国税局長?のミハイル・ミシュスティンだそうです。内政と外交を分担するんですね。

ラブロフとショイグは留任です。ザハロバも動かなかったようです。

RT2020/1/21
President Vladimir Putin has approved the new government after the resignation of the previous cabinet calling it balanced. Although there was a significant reshuffle, defense, foreign and finance ministers kept their posts.

"The new government is a well-balanced one, although it went through a major reshuffle," Putin said during a meeting with the new cabinet.

Both Sergey Lavrov and Sergey Shoigu are political heavyweights and among the most trusted political figures in Russia, trailing only behind President Putin himself when it comes to popularity with the public. Anton Siluanov has been Russia's finance minister since 2018.

A career diplomat with decades of experience in international relations, Lavrov served as Russia’s envoy to the UN for ten years before taking the helm at the Foreign Ministry in 2004.

He led Russian diplomacy through turbulent periods on the international stage and has been instrumental in building Moscow's reputation as an influential global power in recent years.

Shoigu, meanwhile, is credited with strengthening and modernizing Russia's Armed Forces through a set of ambitious reforms to increase combat readiness and spearheading a massive rearmament program to equip forces with cutting-edge weapons.

RT2020/1/15
Russian political earthquake: Putin sets out plan for Kremlin departure & Medvedev resigns
They say life comes at you fast. A seemingly routine ‘state-of-the-nation’ address by Vladimir Putin unexpectedly turned into one of the most memorable afternoons in recent Russian political history.

On Wednesday, Russia’s government resigned. Dmitry Medvedev departed the political frontline, Vladimir Putin effectively confirmed he will leave the presidency at the end of his present term, and Mikhail Mishustin became the new Russian prime minister. As Van Morrison once crooned, there will be days like this.

And it’s only the 15th of January. A week after Russians observed Orthodox Christmas, and a fortnight since they celebrated New Year, it didn't take long for real business to resume.

In the morning, Mishustin was so unknown outside of Russia that he didn’t even have an English language Wikipedia page. And his profile inside the country was minor, beyond the world of political and administrative wonks.

But there’s no doubt he’s an effective manager. As the head of the Russian tax service he’s been a tremendous success. Revenues have risen by around 20 percent under his watch despite only a 2 percent rise in the tax burden itself. Indeed, only last year the Financial Times dubbed him the “taxman of the future” for his role in rebuilding Russia’s tariff collection system into one of the most advanced and efficient in the world.

No mean feat in a country where tax avoidance was once, pretty much, a sort of national sport.

A native Muscovite, Mishustin, like Putin himself an avid hockey player, has been described as a “little known political figure in Russia… a bureaucrat, someone to get the job done.”

But the same sort of description could have been applied to Putin himself in 1999, and here were are, 21 years later.
Long goodbye

Today, the president set out the roadmap for his exit from the Kremlin, more-or-less kicking off the build-up to the transition of power. He will step down in 2024, or perhaps even earlier, and he intends to dismantle the “hyper-Presidential” system which allowed him to wield so much control in office. This was introduced by Boris Yeltsin in 1993 with American support, after he had used tanks to fire on the Parliament.

Putin plans to give more powers to the latter body, with the prime minister, in particular, enjoying more authority. He also wants to bulk up the role of the State Council. Indeed, he will probably end up there himself after leaving office, in some sort of “elder statesman” role. The body will consist of heads of Russian regions and members of the Presidential Administration. It seems it will fulfill an advisory function.

To achieve these goals, Putin wants to reduce presidential powers and introduce a two-term limit. This would mean a maximum of 12 years in the Kremlin; he has already been there for 16. The broad vision is to have more checks and balances, with a weaker presidency and other branches of government strengthened.

Make no mistake, Putin’s goal is to preserve the system which he inherited from Yeltsin, and then tweaked. For all its faults, after a difficult birth it has given Russians the greatest freedom and prosperity they have ever known. Even if much work remains to be done on distributing economic gains more fairly.
Past precedent

Putin's place in history would then be much the same as Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s in America, a unique four-term president who repaired the country after a financial & social catastrophe (in Russia's case the Soviet collapse and the disastrous 1990s). This also fits with what insiders in Moscow frequently point out: Putin wants to be remembered well by history. A status enjoyed by relatively few Russian leaders.

One notable suggestion is that future presidents must have lived in Russia for 25 continuous years before taking office, and have never held a foreign passport or residency permit. This would bar a lot of the Western-leaning Moscow opposition from running. Not to mention a large swathe of Russian liberals, a great many of whom have lived abroad at some point. Interestingly, if this rule had existed in 2000 Vladimir Putin himself wouldn't have been able to become Russia's president. He lived in Germany from 1985-1990 (albeit on state duty).

The proposed changes will likely be made after public votes on them, to ensure broad consent. Even though they could be passed by the Duma. Rumors suggest it may be held in September.

Putin also addressed many domestic concerns in his speech today. He promised the increase of salaries for teachers and more childcare facilities, introduced free hot lunches for children in the initial four school years and extended child benefit by 48 months.

As for Medvedev, he hasn’t been cast aside. Instead, the former president has been moved to a semi-ceremonial, but still prestigious, role ending a twelve-year “tandem” where he governed Russia with Putin. It would be a mistake to write him off politically, but it would be surprising if he wields the same clout again.

As they shook hands, and Medvedev left the Kremlin for the final time as prime minister, Putin told him “not everything worked out, but it's never the case that everything works out.”

Nevertheless, Putin will hope “everything works out” for the eventual power transition in Russia. A process that has now begun.

新内閣のメンバー
ミシューチティン
Long-time Putin aide Vladislav Surkov leaving Kremlin ‘over Ukraine course shift,’ reports claim
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 14:47| Comment(5) | 国際・政治
この記事へのコメント
プーチンは、そろそろやめるのですか?
Posted by 柔道家 at 2020年01月17日 11:46
今の任期が2024年までです。そのときか、それ以前に辞めるでしょう。
シリア問題で功績をあげ、武力の近代化を実現し、パイプラインで中期的な収入を確保し、学校給食を導入して引退ですね。
Posted by ZUKUNASHI at 2020年01月17日 11:54
前エリチェン大統領は、ソ連を破壊しましたが新ロシア連邦の建設には、失敗しました。彼の指名したプーチン大統領が新ロシア連邦と新ロシア連邦軍と新情報機関の建設に成功しました。よく一人の人間でこの新国家建設の大事業を成功させたと思います。軍神安倍総理 放射能オリンピック 万歳。
Posted by 西 亨 at 2020年01月17日 19:52
確かにその通りですね。私はプーチンだけでなく、より若い世代にも優秀な人材が育っているのではないかと思います。シリア内戦でモスクワで記者会見を担当していた軍人らはまだ若かったですが明晰でした。もちろん、ラブロフやショイグなどのテクノクラートに支えられた面も大きいです。米国のような回転ドア方式では、専門知識のある閣僚が出てこない。ティラーソンがそうです。企業人で活躍しても世界の外交界で通用するかどうかは別です。ポンペオは、嘘と脅しとだまししかできない。これでは、どの国も警戒します。
あと、プーチンにはブレーンがいるとされていますが、私はブレーンの集団、顧問グループのようなものが必ずあるだろうと思います。
プーチンは、発言がブレませんが、イスラエルがロシアの偵察機を盾にしてロシア機が撃墜されたときは、当初イスラエル批判を控えていましたが、その後国内世論なども考慮してイスラエル批判を明確にし、そしてシリアに対空防衛武器の供与に踏み切りました。一人の判断で政策決定しているとはとても思えないです。
ただ、この顧問グループは表に出てこない。今回の内閣改造で表舞台に出てくる人もいるでしょうから、大変注目しています。
Posted by ZUKUNASHI at 2020年01月17日 20:21
ずくなし様、鋭い指摘ですね。忍者プーチン大統領は、凄いブレーン集団を持つています。5年前米国の討論会にプーチン大統領の安全保障のブレーンが出ていましたとても優秀でしたね。米国のトランプ大統領は、とうと田舎マフィアの親分みたいに殺しと脅しの大統領になりましたね。彼は、思想と哲学がないですね。米国 危ないですね。
Posted by 西 亨 at 2020年01月18日 08:33
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