リビアの停戦なるか ロシアの調停でサプライズ: ずくなしの冷や水

2020年01月14日

リビアの停戦なるか ロシアの調停でサプライズ

ロシアが働きかけてリビアのハフター勢に停戦を受け入れさせたことはすでに伝えられましたが、2020/1/13、モスクワではハフターとトリポリ政府の首相がモスクワで交渉に参加、合意案が作成されたとのことです。6時間のクローズドドアの会談だったとされています。
プーチンとメルケルの間でベルリンでの和平会議がもたれる予定が公表されていました。プーチンはUAE、カタールと話をしています。エジプトとも話をしたはずです。フランスはロシア任せだったと。





2019年12月15日 リビアの現実

SPUTNIK2020/1/14
Haftar Leaves Moscow for Libya Without Signing Ceasefire Deal With GNA

RT2020/1/13
Moscow talks offer chance for peace in Libya’s post NATO-intervention bloody civil war
Peace talks in Moscow bringing together the leaders of Libya’s warring parties were a serious step forward in attempts to put an end to a brutal civil war sparked by NATO’s disastrous 2011 military intervention.

Fayez al-Sarraj, who heads the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli and Khalifa Haftar, who commands the rival Libyan National Army (LNA) forces, spent six hours in closed-door discussions mediated by Russia and Turkey. The meeting came as a bit of a surprise as Haftar previously snubbed the ceasefire suggested by Moscow and Ankara.

By Monday evening Moscow time, a draft agreement between Haftar and al-Sarraj said that both sides supported an “unconditional open-ended” ceasefire, but only GNA representatives signed the deal, while Haftar asked to have till Tuesday morning to consider the agreement, which also called for a “military commission to determine a contact line” between the warring parties. Russian media reported that while the two men were in the same building, al- Sarraj refused to engage in direct talks with Haftar.

Mary Fitzgerald@MaryFitzger
What a photo. Turkey & Russia begin negotiations on #Libya in Moscow today. Video clips show broad smiles and friendly handshakes as the Turkish and Russian delegations enter the room. Few - particularly in Europe - saw this coming.


Russia was in the optimal position to host the talks, Grigory Lukyanov, a senior lecturer at the Moscow-based Higher School of Economics, told RT. That is because Russia is “the only player today that has the trust” of both major factions in Libya as well as of Turkey and Egypt, which back opposing sides in the conflict.
注:トルコがGNAをエジプトがハフターを支援の構図です。UAEとカタールはどっち?

Of course, the big question now is whether any ceasefire can remain in place after the Moscow and Berlin talks, Mark Almond,director of the Crisis Research Institute, Oxford (CRIOx), UK told RT. But even if the current fighting lines are frozen, that “at least gives time and possibilities for further discussions.”

It is unlikely that Haftar would travel to Moscow if he was unwilling to sign an agreement, but he will have to ensure that all sub-groups and militias within the LNA are on board with the ceasefire, Almond said.

Libya has been in a state of chaos since NATO’s military operation nine years ago plunged the country into civil war and opened up a power vacuum which various warring factions have attempted to fill. Having created the crisis in the first place, the West then stepped away from efforts to solve it and quarrelled with each other over the best approach.

The European Union itself does not have one unified position on Libya. Italy was once seen as a major influence in Libya and now increasingly seen as less relevant to talks. French President Emmanuel Macron told Putin in a call on Monday that he would support any ceasefire that was “credible, durable and verifiable.”

“Now, [Russia and Turkey] not only have their seat at the table, they provide the table. And Europe is nowhere to be seen,” tweeted Der Spiegel journalist Mathieu von Rohr. European and Arab powers “scrambled to catch up” as Putin used “the levers of diplomacy” to take the lead on Libya, the Independent wrote.

The decision by Russia and Turkey to take the lead on Libya can be compared with how the pair also stepped up to take control of political negotiations in the Syrian conflict. Russia’s proactive role in Syria sparked a frenzy in the West, with the media raising the alarm about Russian influence in the region and even portraying Russia’s efforts as sinister.
シリアにおけるロシアの積極的な役割は、西側で狂乱を引き起こし、メディアはこの地域でのロシアの影響について警鐘を鳴らし、ロシアの努力を不吉なものとさえ描写しました。

Yet, the results can sometimes speak for themselves. Al-Sarraj and Haftar’s willingness to travel to Moscow to begin fresh talks – something that a month ago seemed unimaginable – indicates that even the most complicated and multi-layered conflicts could be solved through diplomatic means rather than through threats and arm-twisting.

RT2020/1/11
‘First step in right direction’: World reacts to talks between Libya’s warring parties in Moscow
Talks in Moscow between the two major rivals in the Libyan civil war have been called progress and a positive development as they ended with one party signing a draft document and the other taking time until Tuesday.

The Libyan National Army (LNA) and the UN-backed Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA) have joined a ceasefire suggested by Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan as the leaders of the two warring factions arrived in Moscow for talks aimed at brokering a lasting truce.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu and his Russian counterpart, Sergey Lavrov, acted as intermediaries in negotiations between the LNA commander Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar and the GNA head, Fayez al-Sarraj.

The negotiations ended with al-Sarraj and his allies signing the deal, and Haftar asking for some time. The draft document suggests that the hostilities would stop and all parties would observe the ceasefire without any preconditions. A commission is also to be established to determine the contact line between the GNA force and the LNA.

Even before the outcome of the talks was known, the process received praise from some officials around the world.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen welcomed the initiative of Russia and Turkey and praised the temporary truce as an important step but said that said that Libya needs a complex process of “consolidation,” which, according to her, should be supervised by the UN.

“A ceasefire, yes it is a first step in the right direction, but what you need is a process for consolidation, for reconstruction and a government of unity. There is a long way to go. This has to be a UN-led process,” she told reporters after a meeting with Luxembourg Prime Minister Xavier Bettel.

Germany’s Foreign Minister Heiko Maas also called the ceasefire “a positive signal,” adding that his nation also plans to contribute to the political process in Libya by hosting a Libya summit later in January. “We currently have a good chance of making progress here,” he said.

African Union Commissioner for Peace and Security, Smail Chergui, emphasized Putin’s role in encouraging both warring parties to come to the negotiating table.

“I welcome this step as well as the efforts taken by President Putin,” he said, adding that “signing a ceasefire agreement should be the first step to complying with the UN Security Council’s arms embargo and putting an end to any outside interference into Libya.”

Libya was plunged into chaos for years after its longtime ruler Muammar Gaddafi was ousted and killed during a NATO-led bombing campaign. Following years of devastation and chaos, the country got engulfed in a civil war. Previous lengthy UN-backed talks on reconciliation, which led to the establishment of the GNA, failed to bring peace to the war-ravaged land.

RT2020/1/13
Libya ceasefire talks in Moscow: Good progress made although not all sides signed the deal, Lavrov says
Negotiations in Moscow helped to achieve some progress in the Libyan peace process, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said. However, not all parties signed the document.

The Libyan National Army (LNA) and the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA) have agreed upon some ceasefire details, but they are still working on a document to elaborate upon some aspects of the ceasefire deal.

Some warring parties signed the agreement immediately, but General Khalifa Haftar, the LNA commander, wanted to wait until Tuesday morning to have more time to study the document.

The talks in Moscow, which involved the leaders of the major Libyan warring parties as well as foreign and defense ministers of both Russia and Turkey, lasted for more than six hours and were mostly focused on detailing the terms of the ceasefire regime. The draft document suggests that the hostilities would stop and all parties would observe the ceasefire without any preconditions. A commission is also to be established to determine the contact line between the GNA and the LNA.

Lavrov also made it clear that Russia and Turkey would further lend their support to all Libyan parties to help them implement the agreement reached in Moscow.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu also expressed hope that both sides would eventually commit to complying with the newly-reached agreement, paving the way for the start of political process in Libya.

According to Lavrov, the agreement was signed by Fayez al-Sarraj, the head of the UN-backed Tripoli-based Government of National Accord, and Khalid al-Mishri, the head of the High Council of State, an advisory body formed after the UN-backed 2015 talks, which is technically able to advise both the GNA and the Tobruk-based House of Representatives (HoR) aligned with Haftar’s LNA.

Aguila Saleh, the head of HoR, did not sign the document. However, Lavrov hopes the group will sign it on Tuesday.

Both leaders “view this document positively and just want some extra time, until tomorrow morning, to make a final decision about signing it,” the Russian minister told journalists. “I hope, this decision will be positive,” he added.

Libya was devastated after its long-time ruler, Muammar Gaddafi, was ousted and killed during a NATO-led bombing campaign. The country was plunged into chaos in the years that followed, and eventually centers of power emerged in Tripoli and Tobruk – engulfing the nation in another civil war.

Previous UN-backed attempts to bring reconciliation to Libya eventually failed. Last year, Haftar – whose forces controlled most of the war-ravaged country – began his offensive against the internationally recognized GNA.

Turkey got involved in the conflict in December, promising to send troops to aid GNA. Moscow and Ankara called for all parties in the Libyan civil war to end hostilities and join a ceasefire following a meeting between President Vladimir Putin and President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Istanbul.

The ceasefire agreement brokered by Russia and Turkey is seen as a huge breakthrough in the peace process for the war-torn country. A Libya summit is expected to take place in Berlin on Sunday.

RT2020/1/11
Forces of Libyan commander Haftar announce ceasefire starting January 12 – spokesman
The Libyan National Army led by General Khalifa Haftar has declared a ceasefire after Russian and Turkish presidents suggested as a way to de-escalate the hostilities with the government in Tripoli.

Russian President Vladimir Putin and German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s also called for ending hostilities between the two warring sides in the troubled North Africa country earlier on Sunday and promised conducting peace conference in Berlin.

The ceasefire is conditioned on the rival side, the internationally recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) - accepting it, spokesman Ahmed Mismari said.

It was suggested by Putin and Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan in Istanbul earlier this week, but initially Haftar rejected it.

"We welcome Putin's call for a ceasefire. However, our fight against terrorist organizations that seized Tripoli and received support of some countries will continue until the end," he said through a representative them.

Haftar’s position seems to have changed now. The Tripoli-based government led by PM Fayez al-Sarraj backed the ceasefire immediately, releasing a statement late Wednesday that showed its full support of “any serious calls for the resumption of the political process and the elimination of the specter of war.”

Libya has been torn apart by warring factions seeking control of the nation since a US-led NATO intervention to overthrow the government of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. The Libyan National Army controls most of the country, but the Government of National Accord (GNA) was internationally recognized as in charge. The fighting between the two sides intensified over the last few months with LNA advancing towards Tripoli and Turkey sending troops to support the government there. Other countries got involved as well recently: Italian PM Giuseppe Conte met with Haftar in Rome and Sarraj met with European Council President Charles Michel and EU foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell in Brussels.

Germany suggested organizing a peace conference in Berlin to find a political solution to the conflict.

RT2020/1/11
Time to end Libyan conflict, hold peace conference in Berlin - Putin
Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke with German Chancellor Angela Merkel at a joint press conference about ending the ongoing conflicts in Libya, saying peace talks are already happening and will continue.

Libya peace talks are planned for Berlin, Putin and Merkel announced, following calls for a ceasefire in the country.

"We hope that the joint efforts by Russia and Turkey will lead to success, and we will soon send out invitations for a conference in Berlin,” Merkel added.

Putin and Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan again called for a ceasefire between all warring parties in Libya, at the conference in Istanbul earlier this week. The Russian leader also discussed the peace process in the country with Mohammed Bin Zayed, deputy supreme commander of the United Arab Emirates' armed forces, and Emir of Qatar Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.

“It’s time to make the necessary measures to find a timely end to this war, to overcome the division inside the country and to form unified state institutions,” Putin said on Saturday.

He also addressed reports about Russians fighting in Libya, saying that such fighters do not represent Russia, nor are they paid by the country.

Warring factions in Libya began fighting for power following a US-led NATO intervention to overthrow the government of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. The nation has also become a safe haven for terrorists in the ensuing chaos. General Khalifa Haftar, leader of the Libyan National Army, controls much of the country, warring with the Government of National Accord (GNA), which is the internationally recognized authority in the country.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 12:26| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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