イラクの政治腐敗の根は深い 首相に続いて大統領も辞任へ: ずくなしの冷や水

2019年12月27日

イラクの政治腐敗の根は深い 首相に続いて大統領も辞任へ

イラクの政治経済については、詳しく勉強していませんが、ニュースを見ていると、イラク国内の政治家、企業者の汚職や腐敗は根深いものがあるようです。断片的な記事にもそれが窺えて、どうなっているんだろうと疑問に思ってきました。

下にあるクルドデイリーの記事に、1年前のものですが、腐敗の状況が詳しく書かれています。

もともとサダムの統治下で取り巻きの不正、腐敗はあったのでしょうが、米軍の占領下で米軍の存在自体がイラク国民の一部にとっては利権に結び付いたようです。

日本の自衛隊がイラクに派遣され基地を確保した際にも多額の地代を要求されたとされます。地主たちは、平和が来るなら地代はタダでよいなどという考えは持たない。

米国に騒乱を仕掛けられたとの説もあるイラクの首相は辞任表明を余儀なくされました。彼は1年前の就任の時点から米国と距離を置き、汚職、腐敗を排除し、国内経済の回復を図っていくことが、どれだけ容易ならざる道かということはわかっていたでしょう。それでも彼は受けた、受けざるを得なかったのだと思います。



自らの非はなくても、周りとの摩擦があれば辞めざるを得ない、でも精一杯、力の限りを尽くす。この顔はそんな老人の表情です。とても印象的で人を引き付ける魅力があります。

首相を特に強く非難し、退陣要求の急先鋒を務めたのは宗教指導者でした。宗教指導者らも利権に深くかかわっている? ふとそんな思いがしました。

イラクの大統領も辞任表明です。
FARSNEWS2019/12/26
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iraqi President Barham Salih sent his letter of resignation to the parliament on Thursday to open up for public choice after protests over unemployment and low-quality public services.

Arabic-language TV channel Al-Mayadin reported on Thursday that Barham Salih has declared his decision to resign from his post as Iraq's president.

Refusing to name prime minister, Salih has sent his resignation letter from the Presidency to the Iraqi parliament, according to reports, but it is not yet clear whether the parliament will accept his resignation.

"By submitting my resignation, I affirm that the political and parliamentary movement must reflect popular will," the Iraqi president wrote in his letter.

It came just weeks after Iraq’s parliament had approved the resignation of Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi.

Demonstrations have rocked primarily the capital Baghdad and other areas in Iraq in recent months over the failing economy and a demand for anti-corruption reforms. The rallies have, however, turned into violent confrontations on numerous occasions, with reports alleging that certain foreign-backed elements have been seeking to wreak havoc on the country, as the country's officials are trying to meet public demands.




RT2019/12/24
More demonstrations in Iraq as authorities seek way out of political impasse
Iraqi protesters stepped up their demonstrations on Tuesday, making clear their opposition to names touted by the establishment to fill the post of prime minister, AFP reports.

Main avenues and roads in cities in the south of the country were blocked, as well as entrances to schools, universities and government buildings.

After dwindling in recent weeks, the civil disobedience campaign has rediscovered its vigor, as the protesters seek to uproot a political system condemned as corrupt.

PM Adel Abdel Mahdi quit in November in the face of protests against corruption and unemployment. Negotiations over a new candidate have remained deadlocked since the latest in a series of deadlines expired at midnight on Sunday.



kurd daily
Iraq’s Adel Abdul Mahdi forms high task force to fight rampant corruption
Posted on January 30, 2019 by Editorial Staff in Corruption, Economy, Politics

BAGHDAD,− Iraq’s Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi announced the formation of the “Supreme Anti-Corruption Council” in a bid to start tackling rampant corruption within the country.

“We have made the decision with the power of Allah and the will of our steadfast nation to fight corruption and the corrupt with a serious and honest will. We want reforms, with an open mind and a believing heart,” Abdul Mahdi announced on Tuesday the formation of the task force

The premier cited good governance, meeting expectations of people, strengthening growth in Iraq, dangers of corruption and other factors.

He called for the “legal formation” of anti-corruption measures to be sped up, calling on the parliament and the Council Ministers to undertake their responsibilities and approve the necessary laws.

There is a “strict commitment” for officials to disclose property within a week and for ministries to prepare programs and plans for themselves within 90 days.

He also called for expediting the establishment of a “national index for integrity” (anti-corruption measures) in a bid to hold those accountable that fall into the area of corruption.

The program will be called ‘Where did you get this?’” It calls on the parliament to legislate a law on illegal gains.

Another point emphasizes for the independence of the judiciary to undertake its work of holding the corrupt accountable.

According to Decree No. 70, the council will be headed by the PM himself.

The Supreme Judicial Council will have two members. The heads of the Federal Financial Oversight Office and the Integrity Commission will also be on the council

A representative from the General Inspectors Office in the Ministry of Interior will serve as a coordinator, and a staff member from the PM’s office will serve as the commission’s secretary and seventh member.

Duties of the council include establishing a “national strategy” for fighting corruption and ensuring its implementation and also working on completing “legal framework” and “filling the gaps” which permit corruption.

It shall be tasked with “supervising the completion of the institutional framework for the anti-corruption formation,” read the decree.

Coordination and uniting the efforts, supporting anti-corruption efforts, discussing challenges facing the fight against corruption and proposing solution, evaluating and following up on implementation of anti-corruption campaigns, and executing tasks ordered by the PM are also among the 8 duties of the council.

The task force also aims to retrieve Iraqi property that have been “looted” and taken abroad, the PM announced.

Iraq and the Kurdistan Region suffer from endemic and rampant corruption. Too much bureaucracy and red tape make tackling the problem difficult. Both governments, however, have expressed the desire to fight corruption.

Kurdistan considered as the most corrupted part of Iraq. According to Kurdish lawmakers and leaked documents billions of dollars are missing from Iraqi Kurdistan’s oil revenues.

Iraqi lawmaker from the New Generation Movement (Newey Nwê) Sarkawt Shamsadin said in December 2018 ” Billions of dollars had been in the Kurdistan Region’s treasury, but both PUK and KDP have emptied it,”

Last December a Kurdistan Islamic Union (KIU) lawmaker in Iraqi Kurdistan Parliament, Sherko Jawdat Mustafa, claimed that the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) brings in over $1 billion per month, but that as much as $300 million of that goes missing each month.

Top Kurdish officials including the two ruling families of the Barzanis and Talabanis have been routinely accused by critics and observers of amassing huge wealth from oil business.

KDP party leader, Massoud Barzani, who served as president of Kurdistan region from 2005-2017 and still has full control of Duhok and Erbil provinces, has been routinely accused by critics of amassing huge wealth for his family instead of serving the population. Barzani’s son Masrour is the Kurdistan region’s intelligence chief and his nephew Nechirvan Barzani is the prime minister.

On the 2018 corruption perception index by transparency international, Iraq ranked 168 of 180, a score of 18 out of a 100, thus ranking as one of the most corrupt countries around the world.

Read more about Corruption in Iraqi Kurdistan
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:23| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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