ボルトン更迭 これは大ニュース: ずくなしの冷や水

2019年09月12日

ボルトン更迭 これは大ニュース

2019年07月21日
ボルトンはお払い箱に?

この記事が7月下旬ですから首になるまで1か月半かかりました。イラン問題では、ボルトン主導とされるUAEの港でのタンカー5隻の損傷事件(5/12)でUAEが米国の主張に同調することを拒否(6/27)、米国のドローンが撃ち落される(6/20)など誤算が続きました。米国が主唱したホルムズ海峡への軍隊派遣も同調国が少なくつぶれました。

結局、ボルトンの仕掛けは何も意味のある結果を出せなかったのです。ベネズエラの危機も、狙い通りにグアイドが支持を集めることにはなりませんでした。

ボルトンの戦略はことごとく失敗。ポンペオとは対立抗争があったようです。

イラク戦争の推進者。でも時代が変わり、米国の陰謀、策謀はみな見抜かれています。そういう情報が今では世界のどんな小国でも詳しく入手できるのです。このブログでも一昔前なら到底考えられない詳しい情報を転載しています。特にロシアの発信する情報は、TACCやRT経由で流される一般情報でも注意深く読めばいろいろなことがわかります。

世の中の変化を理解していなかった、安全保障アドバイザー。ボルトン起用失敗の教訓を米国は生かせるのか。

2019年08月24日
米国の焦り

・・・・・

ポストボルトンの動きが出ました。まだまだ楽観は禁物ですが、米国はこのところ外交で成果を上げていません。衝突が拡大するばかり。来年の選挙戦で叩かれるのは避けられず、軌道修正が急がれているのも確かでしょう。

RT2019/9/12
Iran thaw coming? After firing chief hawk, Trump hints at lifting sanctions on Tehran
Days after saying he had “no problem” meeting his Iranian counterpart Hassan Rouhani and soon after firing his hawkish adviser John Bolton, US President Donald Trump has hinted he may lift some sanctions on Tehran.

Iran has been under crippling US economic sanctions since the US unilaterally withdrew last May from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA, or Iran Nuclear Deal). Relations between Washington and Tehran have since deteriorated, with the sanctions accompanied by a military buildup in the Persian Gulf and back-and-forth threats from both sides.

But, speaking to reporters on Wednesday, Trump gave a vague hint that detente could be on the way. “We’ll see what happens,” he said, when asked about easing sanctions on Iran, with a view to meeting Rouhani at the UN General Assembly later this month.

Though “we’ll see what happens” is a favorite answer of Trump’s, his use of the phrase marks a softening of his rhetoric towards Iran and its leadership, which as recently as July involved threats of further sanctions and open war.

Trump’s latest statement comes two days after he said he would have “no problem with the idea” of meeting Rouhani on the sidelines of the General Assembly. On Tuesday, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo –normally a hardliner on Iran– told reporters that Trump is prepared to “meet with no preconditions” but that sanctions would remain in place for the foreseeable future.

Significantly, the latest moves towards diplomacy with Tehran come as Trump fired hawkish National Security Advisor John Bolton. A longtime proponent of military-backed regime change in Iran, Bolton’s departure was announced by Trump in a Tuesday tweet.

Trump made no secret of his foreign policy disagreements with Bolton, allegedly complaining to confidants that the mustachioed adviser was always trying to goad him “into a war.” Difference of opinion over Iran seems to have been the last straw for Trump. According to Bloomberg, Trump discussed easing sanctions on Tehran with Bolton the night before his firing, a move that Bolton forcefully disagreed with.

With Bolton out and Trump’s tone softening –however slightly– the odds of a negotiation with Iran are likely higher than at any point since Trump took office in 2017. Still, Trump tempered expectations with his usual ambivalence.

“We would like to make a deal with Iran,” he told reporters. “But if we don’t, that’s fine too.”

RT2019/9/11
Bolton was ‘way out of line’ on Venezuela, Trump says… as Pompeo shells out more of the same policy
Speaking for the first time about reasons for firing his national security advisor John Bolton, US President Donald Trump said he was “way out of line” on Venezuela, even as the State Department doubled down on regime change.

“I disagreed with John Bolton on his attitudes about Venezuela. I thought he was way out of line,” Trump told reporters at the Oval Office on Wednesday.

The failed attempt to effect regime change in Caracas – which Bolton has been at the forefront of since January – was only one of the issues the president brought up. Bolton’s sabotage of denuclearization talks with North Korea, earlier this year, was another.

“We were set back very badly when [Bolton] talked about the Libyan model” with North Korea, Trump added. “That's not a question of being tough, that's a question of being not smart to say something like that.”

Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi had agreed to give up his nuclear and chemical weapons programs to the US, only to be violently overthrown and murdered by US-backed rebels in 2011.

Bolton also “wasn’t getting along with the people in the administration that I consider very important,” Trump added, making sure to point out that he had opposed the 2003 Iraq War while Bolton was an unapologetic advocate of it.

None of that explains why Trump hired Bolton and kept him on as his principal foreign policy adviser for nearly 18 months, however. Nor does it explain why Trump agreed to appoint Bolton’s colleague Elliott Abrams as Washington’s point man on Venezuela, despite a history of his Trump-bashing public comments.

The Trump administration on Wednesday showed no signs of abandoning the approach to Caracas championed by Bolton and Abrams since January, despite it having failed miserably. Shortly after Trump’s comments, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced that the US has invoked the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (TIAR), which would give legal framework for military intervention in Venezuela.

Pompeo’s pretext is that this was requested by Juan Guaido, the self-proclaimed “interim president” of Venezuela recognized by the US and a handful of its allies, but no one else in the world. Guaido’s repeated attempts to take over power in Caracas since January have failed miserably.

Trump maintained that his policy on Venezuela is “humanitarian” and designed to “help” people there, and blamed “socialism” for the country’s economic woes. He has framed his 2020 re-election bid as stopping the "socialist” Democrats from taking over the US.

“I don’t want to talk about that,” Trump said when asked if he would be willing to meet with Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro. This was in stark contrast to his readiness to meet with the Iranian president, another thing Bolton reportedly opposed.

※ Tulsi Gabbard@TulsiGabbard氏の2019/9/11のツイート
Good riddance. If Trump really was for peace, he never would have hired Bolton, Pompeo, Haley, and the rest of those neocons in the first place.

RT2019/9/11
Iran urges US to abandon ‘warmongering’ policy as arch-hawk Bolton leaves White House
Washington should give up its policy of aggression toward Tehran, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has said. His remarks come hours after outspoken regime-change connoisseur John Bolton stepped down as national security adviser.

During a cabinet meeting on Wednesday, Rouhani pressed the US to “abandon warmongering and its maximum pressure policy” on Iran, and warned that failing to reverse course would further degrade Tehran’s commitments under the 2015 nuclear deal.

Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammed Javad Zarif made similar calls for a US policy U-turn, tweeting on Wednesday that Washington’s “thirst for war” should end with the departure of its “warmonger-in-chief” Bolton.

A government spokesman said after the cabinet meeting that Bolton’s departure could help US policymakers have a “less biased” attitude toward the Islamic republic. Tehran stressed, however, that Bolton’s removal would not change its position on dialogue with Washington.

“The departure of US National Security Advisor John Bolton from President Donald Trump’s administration will not push Iran to reconsider talking with the US,” Tehran’s United Nations envoy Majid Takhteravanchi said.

US President Donald Trump announced Bolton’s dismissal on Tuesday, tweeting that he had “disagreed strongly with many of his suggestions.” Bolton claims that he’d actually resigned before Trump’s announcement.

FARSNEWS2019/9/11
Foreign Ministry: Tehran Not to Comment on US Internal Affairs
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Iranian Foreign Ministry declared that the Islamic Republic will not comment on the recent decision of US President Donald Trump who fired his National Security Advisor John Bolton, adding that Tehran considers the move as an issue of domestic affairs.

In a tweet on Tuesday, Iran’s Foreign Ministry Spokesman Seyed Abbas Mousavi said on behalf of Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif that Iran does not make comment on the US domestic affairs concerning the ouster of John Bolton, the US national security advisor.

“We will not be issuing any statement on US internal affairs," he said.

Mousavi added that Zarif’s decision to leave no comment on Bolton’s sacking was already announced in response to an unnamed American reporter who asked the top diplomat’s opinion on this issue.

Earlier on Tuesday, Trump fired Bolton, saying he has “disagreed strongly with many of his suggestions”.

“I informed John Bolton last night that his services are no longer needed at the White House. I disagreed strongly with many of his suggestions, as did others in the Administration, and therefore I asked John for his resignation, which was given to me this morning,” Trump said in a tweet.

"I thank John very much for his service. I will be naming a new National Security Advisor next week," Trump continued.

This comes about 90 minutes before Bolton was expected to appear at a press briefing with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin.

Bolton offered a slightly different version of events than Trump, saying, “I offered to resign last night and President Trump said, ‘Let's talk about it tomorrow.’”

Trump had sometimes joked about Bolton's image as a warmonger, reportedly saying in one Oval Office meeting that "John has never seen a war he doesn't like."

Bolton has adopted an aggressive approach towards Iran since his appointment to the top post by Trump. Independent observers have accused him of conniving with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in order to provoke a military conflict between Iran and the United States.

Bolton has also opposed Trump's peace initiative towards North Korea and urged the president to pursue gunboat diplomacy against the East Asian country.

※ The New York Times Sept. 10, 2019 Updated 8:24 p.m. ET
Trump Ousts John Bolton as National Security Adviser
By Peter Baker
WASHINGTON − President Trump on Tuesday pushed out John R. Bolton, his third national security adviser, amid fundamental disputes over how to handle major foreign policy challenges like Iran, North Korea and most recently Afghanistan.

The departure ended a 17-month partnership that had grown so tense that the two men even disagreed over how they parted ways, as Mr. Trump announced on Twitter that he had fired the adviser only to be rebutted by Mr. Bolton, who insisted he had resigned of his own accord.

A longtime Republican hawk known for a combative style, Mr. Bolton spent much of his tenure trying to restrain the president from making what he considered unwise agreements with America’s enemies. Mr. Trump bristled at what he viewed as Mr. Bolton’s militant approach, to the point that he made barbed jokes in meetings about his adviser’s desire to get the United States into more wars.

Their differences came to a climax in recent days as Mr. Bolton waged a last-minute campaign to stop the president from signing a peace agreement at Camp David with leaders of the radical Taliban group. He won the policy battle as Mr. Trump scrapped the deal but lost the larger war when the president grew angry about the way the matter played out.

Mr. Trump and his aides privately blamed the national security adviser for news reports describing Mr. Bolton’s opposition to the deal. Vice President Mike Pence and his camp likewise grew angry at reports suggesting he had agreed with Mr. Bolton, seeing them as an effort to bolster the adviser’s position.

“I informed John Bolton last night that his services are no longer needed at the White House,” the president tweeted. “I disagreed strongly with many of his suggestions, as did others in the Administration, and therefore I asked John for his resignation, which was given to me this morning. I thank John very much for his service.”

Mr. Bolton disputed the president’s version of events in his own tweet 12 minutes later. “I offered to resign last night and President Trump said, ‘Let’s talk about it tomorrow,’” Mr. Bolton wrote, without elaborating.

Responding to a question from The New York Times via text, Mr. Bolton said his resignation was his own initiative, not the president’s. “Offered last night without his asking,” he wrote. “Slept on it and gave it to him this morning.”

Mr. Trump said he would appoint a replacement “next week,” setting off a process that should offer clues to where he wants to take his foreign policy. In the meantime, the White House said Charles M. Kupperman, the deputy national security adviser, would serve in an acting capacity. No other president has had four national security advisers in his first three years in office.

While it was clear for months that Mr. Bolton was on thin ice, the end came with typically brutal suddenness. On Tuesday morning, he led a meeting of the national security principals in the Situation Room, with no sign that anything was about to break.

At 11 a.m., the White House even scheduled a 1:30 p.m. news briefing where Mr. Bolton would talk about terrorism alongside Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin. But then came Mr. Trump’s tweet two minutes before noon, and Mr. Bolton left the White House.

The briefing went forward without him, and Mr. Pompeo, who has feuded with Mr. Bolton for months, shed no tears about the president’s decision. “He should have people he trusts and values, and whose efforts and judgments benefit him in delivering American foreign policy,” Mr. Pompeo told reporters.

The secretary also made no effort to hide his rivalry with Mr. Bolton. “There were definitely places that Ambassador Bolton and I had different views about how we should proceed,” he said. Asked if he was blindsided by the decision, Mr. Pompeo said, “I’m never surprised,” as he and Mr. Mnuchin grinned broadly.

Mr. Pompeo and Mr. Bolton generally shared a conservative policy outlook, but the secretary of state has proved more adept at managing the president and subordinating his views to Mr. Trump’s, while Mr. Bolton kept pushing his beliefs even after they were rejected.

Mr. Pompeo did not see Mr. Bolton as a team player, but as someone who undermined the president’s policies. Mr. Bolton saw Mr. Pompeo as a politician more interested in currying Mr. Trump’s favor to have his support in a future run for Senate.

Mr. Bolton’s adversaries inside the administration have been after him for weeks, spreading stories about how the national security adviser had been excluded from meetings and was on the outs with the president.

時事通信社20199月11日(水)7時39分
米大統領、ボルトン補佐官解任=対北朝鮮やイラン政策で対立
 【ワシントン時事】トランプ米大統領は10日、ツイッターで、ボルトン大統領補佐官(国家安全保障担当)を解任したと明らかにした。「ボルトン氏の多くの提案について意見が異なった」と指摘。「彼の任務はホワイトハウスで不要になった」と述べた。対外強硬派のボルトン氏が政権を去ることで、トランプ氏が北朝鮮やイランとの対話を積極的に進める可能性もある。

 安保補佐官の交代はボルトン氏で3人目。後任人事は来週発表するという。ワシントン・ポスト紙(電子版)によると、ビーガン北朝鮮担当特別代表らの名前が挙がっている。クッパーマン副補佐官が当面代行を務める。
 トランプ氏によると、9日夜にボルトン氏に解任を通告し、10日に辞表を受け取ったという。これに対しボルトン氏は10日、ツイッターで「私が昨夜に辞任を申し出た」と主張するなど経緯に食い違いが生じている。
 ボルトン氏は、トランプ氏が北朝鮮に融和姿勢を見せたり、イラン指導部との交渉に意欲を見せたりすることに否定的で、トランプ氏との関係が悪化していた。トランプ氏が8日にワシントン近郊で計画していたアフガニスタンの反政府勢力タリバンとの秘密会談をめぐる意見対立が解任劇への最後の引き金を引いたとみられている。

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 15:30| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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