イランが英国のタンカーを拿捕して英国外相が大慌て: ずくなしの冷や水

2019年07月21日

イランが英国のタンカーを拿捕して英国外相が大慌て

2019/7/19、IRGCがホルムズ海峡で英国の会社が関係するタンカー2隻を停止させ、1隻は短時間で本来の航路に復帰しましたが、もう1隻は拿捕されています。
British-flagged oil tanker Stena Impero と Norbulk Shipping UK Ltd – the Liberian-flagged ship Mesdar でStena Imperoがまだ解放されていません。

英国外相がイランと外交経路で話をするとしていますが、ちょっと元気がない。ホルムズ海峡は大変込み合っていてイランの領海に入り込まなければならないところも多いようです。通常なら支障なく通過できても、イランが領海内を通過する船にルールを厳しく適用すれば、いくらでも航行を阻害することはできます。

それだけでも海運会社はえらい迷惑。米国の命令でイランのタンカーを拿捕しても、しわ寄せは海運会社に来るのでは、英国政府に突き上げはある。軍事的手段をほのめかせたらイランの領海、ホルムズ海峡通過は難しくなります。

英国はおろかです。この展開が読めなかった?

2019年05月20日 ホルムズ海峡

IRGCは、小型スピードボートを使ってタンカーを止めています。これは競艇のボートを何倍かにしたような大きさで機関銃やロケット砲を備えています。そして2隻でタンカーの周りをぐるぐると高速で周回しタンカーを止めています。この方法なら、同時に何隻ものタンカーを停止させることができますし機動性も高い。

UAEの密輸船とされるタンカーについては引き続きイランの管理下に留め置かれているようです。沖合で石油を積み替えてイエメンなどに運ぶオペレーションに従事していたとの説もありますが、UAEの船がイエメンに石油を運ぶ? 何でもありですけど。

British Warship Tried to Stop Iran From Seizing UK-Flagged Tanker in Hormuz Strait - IRGC
Earlier, Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt accused Tehran of taking a "dangerous path of illegal and destabilising behaviour" following Friday's seizure of a UK-flagged tanker in the Strait of Hormuz by Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.

A Royal Navy warship escorting the Stena Impero tanker before its Friday detention by the IRGC attempted to put up "resistance and interference" to stop the Iranian military from bringing the tanker to shore, IRGC spokesman Brig. Gen. Ramezan Sharif has said, Fars News Agency has reported.

Earlier, Iranian media reported that the UK-flagged tanker was detained after colliding with an Iranian fishing boat while ignoring its distress call. According to Sharif, the British tanker had turned off its positioning equipment, and received multiple warnings about its unsafe behaviour before being seized.

The IRGC spokesman alleged that the Royal Navy ship intervened to try to stop Iran's naval commandos, including by flying helicopters in the vicinity.

Sharif emphasized that the IRGC's actions during Friday's incident were in strict accordance with international maritime laws governing behaviour in the Persian Gulf and the Strait fo Hormuz. According to the spokesman, 'some foreign vessels' failed to comply with these regulations, engaging in behaviour which he described as 'arrogant, provocative and threatening.'

The UK's Ministry of Defence declined to comment to Reuters on the veracity of the IRGC spokesman's allegations.

Sharif indicated that the seized British tanker is now located at a port in Hormozgan province, with "legal and judicial procedures" to investigate the incident currently underway.

The Royal Navy beefed up its presence in the Persian Gulf last week, sailing a missile destroyer from the Black Sea to the Persian Gulf as at least one frigate was already deployed in the region and escorting tankers. Tensions between Iran and the UK ramped up after British Royal Marines seized a tanker laden with Iranian oil off the coast of Gibraltar on July 4th and accused Iran of trying to smuggle it to Syria in contravention of EU sanctions. Iran said the move was illegal and created a "dangerous precedent."

On Saturday, Foreign Secretary Hunt accused Iran of "choosing a dangerous path of illegal and destabilising behaviour" with Friday's tanker seizure while stressing that the UK's own detention of the tanker off Gibraltar earlier this month was "legal."

The British government has already caught flak over the tanker seizure incident, with a former commander of the Royal Navy saying London should not "pretend we're surprised" by the move, and saying that what he found "extraordinary" was that "we knew that the Iranians would try something like this a few days ago."

France and Germany have expressed concerns over the Stena Impero's detention, voicing solidarity with London, with US President Donald Trump promising to discuss the situation with his British allies. India said it is maintaining contact with Iranian authorities regarding the situation, given that 18 Indian nationals are members of the tanker's crew.



𝙏𝙝𝙚 𝙄𝙣𝙩𝙚𝙡 𝘾𝙧𝙖𝙗@IntelCrabの2019/7/21のツイート
Breaking: Britain advises all UK shipping to stay away from Strait of Hormuz for an "interim period".

FARSNEWS2019/7/20 Sat Jul 20, 2019 1:25
No Second UK Tanker Seized by Iran
TEHRAN (FNA)- British tanker ship 'MV Mesdar' is moving back to the Strait of Hormuz to continue its voyage after it received a warning from Iran to respect environmental rules and regulations.

The UK owned tanker, MV Mesdar, operating under Liberian flag was stopped by Iran's naval patrols in the Strait of Hormuz on Friday evening after it started oil leaks in the waterway.

The ship was sent back to the international waters to continue its voyage after a short time and after it was warned to show full respect for environmental regulations and harmless navigation.

The latest reports said Mesdar has already left Iran's territorial waters.

Senior military officials also rejected reports by some western media outlets claiming that the Liberian-flagged tanker has been seized, stressing that 'Stena Impero' is the only foreign ship under Iranian custody.

The Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) announced in a statement issued on Friday evening that its naval forces have seized British tanker ship, 'Stena Impero', for violating maritime rules and regulations in the Persian Gulf.

"UK tanker ship, Stena Impero, has been detained by the vessels unit of the IRGC Navy's First Naval Zone at the request of the Ports and Maritime Organization's office of Hormuzgan province for disregarding international maritime rules and regulations as it was passing through the Strait of Hormuz this afternoon," the statement by the IRGCN public relations said.

The statement said the ship has been escorted to the Iranian coastal waters in Hormuzgan province and its control has been transferred to the Ports and Maritime Organization for further legal procedures and investigations.

A statement by Stena Impero shipping firm said there are 23 crew onboard the UK ship, adding that there has been no report on any harm or injury to the crew members since the vessel came under detention by the Iranian forces.

Media reports said the tanker was heading to Saudi Arabia's port of Al-Jobail from the UAE port of Fujairah when it was detained by the IRGC.

Director-General of the Ports and Maritime Organization's office in Hurmuzgan province said he filed a request for the seizure of the British tanker by the IRGCN after reports on its risky moves that made the vessel prone to accident.

Meantime, sources told FNA that "the British ship had switched off its tracking systems in violation of maritime rules and regulations and was making an entry from the exit point of the Strait of Hormuz in the South, disregarding the established procedures that require all entries be made through the Northern pass.


In early July, British marines and Gibraltar police seized an Iranian tanker off the Southern coast of the Iberian Peninsula. Gibraltar’s Chief Minister Fabian Picardo claimed that the ship was transporting crude oil to Syria “in violation” of the EU sanctions placed on Damascus. Washington has applauded the move, hailing it as a sign that Europe is on board with the US’ unilateral sanctions against Iran.

The Iranian Foreign Ministry condemned the “illegal move” of London and described it as “tantamount to piracy”. Tehran accused the UK of doing Washington’s bidding and helping the US attempt to stifle the Islamic Republic’s oil exports, rejecting London's claim that the supertanker was carrying crude for Syria.

The attorney general announced on Friday that Gibraltar's supreme court has ruled that the Iranian tanker seized by Britain's Royal Marines can be detained for 30 more days. The court's decision came a day after a senior Gibraltar's official described as “constructive” talks with Iran, raising hopes that the tanker would be released imminently.

Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei has slammed Britain’s illegal seizure of the oil tanker, warning London of a pending response to the seizure of the supertanker that he referred to as a case of "piracy".

"They commit crimes and make it appear legal. The Islamic Republic and devout agents of the system will not leave such vicious acts without a response and they will respond in a proper opportunity and place," Ayatollah Khamenei stressed.

On Thursday, naval forces of the IRGC seized a foreign ship smuggling fuel in the Persian Gulf, according to a statement by the public relations office of the IRGC Navy's first zone. The foreign vessel was smuggling a million liters of fuel from Iran and was seized in Iranian waters South of Lark island.

Yet, a statement issued by the IRGC on Thursday denied that any other foreign ship had been seized during the last week as claimed by the western media.

The statement reiterated that the ship had been seized for "smuggling fuel from Iran", and no other reason.


The recent moves by foreign powers in the Middle East such as US sanctions on Tehran's oil, UK seizure of Iranian supertanker, as well as, "sabotage operations" on oil ships have heightened tensions in the region and leading into turmoil in the international energy market, affecting global crude prices in recent months.

2019/7/19
Britain says seizures of UK vessels by Iran are ‘unacceptable’
UK Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt has warned Iran of consequences for seizing two vessels in the Gulf, one of which has now been released. London's response will be "robust" but not military, he said.

"We will respond in a way that is considered but robust,” Hunt told journalists, adding that the UK hopes to resolve the crisis through diplomacy and “is not looking” at military options.

Hunt said that he has already discussed the incident with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and looks forward to talking to his Iranian counterpart, Mohammad Javad Zarif. Denouncing the seizures as “unacceptable,” Hunt argued that Tehran would be “the biggest loser” if “freedom of navigation is restricted.”

Hunt said that there are no British citizens among the crew members of either ship. He also added that the British ambassador in Tehran has already contacted the Iranian Foreign Ministry in an attempt to resolve the situation.

Earlier on Friday, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps – Iran’s elite military force – said it has seized the British-flagged oil tanker Stena Impero in the Strait of Hormuz over failure to “respect the international maritime rules.” The vessel sailing to Saudi Arabia was seen changing its course and heading north towards the Iranian island of Qeshm, marine tracking data showed.

The Swedish company owning the vessel, Stena Bulk, said it lost contact with the ship and that it was approached by “unidentified” small vessels before changing course.

Later the same day, another tanker owned by a British company - Norbulk Shipping UK Ltd – the Liberian-flagged ship Mesdar – also suddenly changed its course to Saudi Arabia and sailed to the Iranian mainland. This time, Tehran has not officially confirmed its seizure.

The tanker was apparently released later in the day, with tracking data showing the vessel changing course and heading westward and away from Iran late on Friday. The Iranian private Tasnim news agency reported that the British-owned Mesdar was cleared to continue its course, after having received a warning from the authorities over safety and environmental issues.Norbulk has confirmed that the ship has resumed its travel towards Saudi Arabia, adding that the crew was “safe and well.”

“Communication has been re-established with the vessel and Master confirmed that the armed guards have left and the vessel is free to continue the voyage. All crew are safe and well,” the company said in a statement.

Tehran and London have been locked in a bitter row ever since a super tanker Grace 1 carrying Iranian crude oil was seized by the British marines in the Strait of Gibraltar on suspicion of violating the EU sanctions against Syria.

Tehran denied these accusations while calling the Gibraltar's justification of detention laughable. Iran also accused the UK of acting on behalf of the US.

Washington has long sought to pressure Tehran into concessions on its nuclear and missile programs while repeatedly vowing to bring its oil exports down to zero with sanctions. It has also recently sent a naval group led by the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln to rehearse a possible strike against Iran while calling to form a “coalition” ostensively to defend the freedom of navigation.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:59| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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