ロシア、米、イスラエルのセキュリィ担当がシリアでのイランのプレゼンスをめぐり会議: ずくなしの冷や水

2019年06月24日

ロシア、米、イスラエルのセキュリィ担当がシリアでのイランのプレゼンスをめぐり会議

次は、シリアのオムスに住む方のen.zamanalwsl.netというサイトに掲載されていたbloombergの記事です。ルクバンキャンプの情報を探していて行き当たりました。

Analysis | 2019-06-23 17:26:15
Iran on the Table When Russia, U.S. and Israel Gather for Summitbloo
When top national security officials from Russia, Israel and the U.S. gather for a rare summit starting Monday, the focus will be on the country not in the room: Iran.

Amid rising regional tensions, the meeting is a critical opportunity to hash out how they view the future of Iran’s presence in Syria as an eight-year-long civil war there winds down.

Russia wants to project power across the Middle East through its ally Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, and would like to limit Iran’s competing influence in the country. That’s much less than what Israel and the U.S. want when it comes to combating Iran, complicating efforts to reach a broad agreement.

“If we’re talking about Syria, definitely there are some areas where Russia would like to see the Iranian role decrease -- that’s where it can help the U.S.,” said Nikolay Kozhanov, a Middle East expert at the European University at St. Petersburg who served as a Russian diplomat in Tehran from 2006-2009. “The problem is the extent to which Moscow is willing to go is probably not going to satisfy the Americans, who want the Iranians completely out.”

The talks in Israel will include U.S.-Russia negotiations on Monday and a three-way meeting Tuesday, according to a U.S. National Security Council spokesman.

Bolton’s Accusations

The parties have been broadcasting their positions in the lead-up to the summit. Speaking alongside Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, U.S. National Security Adviser John Bolton accused Iran of stepping up aggressive efforts throughout the Middle East and pursuing nuclear weapons.

“Neither Iran, nor any other hostile actor, should mistake U.S. prudence and discretion for weakness,” he said, just days after President Donald Trump called off air-strikes last week after Iran shot down an American drone.

Instead, Trump promised to impose more sanctions on Iran as soon as this Monday. The U.S. exited the international nuclear deal with Iran last year and began reimposing economic sanctions.

‘Iran’s Interests’

Russia has taken a different tack, saying the talks will focus on stabilizing Syria, including through postwar reconstruction. The head of Russia’s Security Council, Nikolai Patrushev, said it will push for Iran’s interests to be respected.

“Iran is in Syria at the invitation of the legitimate government and is actively involved in fighting terrorism, so of course we should take Iran’s interests into account” at the summit, Patrushev said June 20, a day after meeting his Iranian counterpart Ali Shamkhani at a security conference, state news service RIA Novosti reported.

Ahead of the meeting, speculation has swirled that a broad agreement could be reached that would see some combination of U.S. concessions -- such as recognizing Assad’s legitimacy or lifting sanctions on Russia -- in exchange for Russia clamping down on Iran’s influence in Syria.

Israel has been striking Iranian targets in Syria over the past few years and is likely more interested in seeing Iran gone from its northern doorstep than in ousting Assad.

Grand Bargain?

But Russia’s foreign ministry, in a statement on its website, dismissed reports of a “deal or trade-off” as unhelpful to negotiations.

In place of a broader compromise, the meeting could lead to minimal results like improved communication channels or Russia continuing to allow Israeli air raids.

“Israel is hoping for this grand bargain where basically the U.S. will come to terms with Assad staying somehow and the Russians will compel Iran to roll back its military presence from Syria,” said Ofer Zalzberg, senior analyst at the International Crisis Group research center. “That strikes me as wishful thinking.”


RT2019/6/25
Russia, US & Israel hold security talks as Middle East turns into ‘battlefield’ against Iran
Blaming Iran for all the problems of the Middle East is just bad policy, Moscow has said as the national security advisers from Russia, Israel and the US meet in Jerusalem to discuss escalating tensions in the region.

“Just like us, Iran is legitimately present on Syrian territory to help fight terrorists, invited by the legitimate Syrian government,” Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov told reporters in Moscow on Monday, after a meeting with his Egyptian colleague Sameh Shoukry. Much of their press conference was dedicated to another meeting, however, as Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev was in Jerusalem for talks with his Israeli counterpart Meir Ben-Shabbat and US national security advisor John Bolton.

Further meetings between Patrushev, Bolton and Ben-Shabbat are scheduled for Tuesday, and the three are supposed to produce a joint statement.

Bolton was dispatched to Israel while Secretary of State Mike Pompeo flew to the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, after US President Donald Trump decided not to launch an attack on Iran last week. Pompeo’s officially published agenda includes discussions of “dangers posed by Iranian destabilizing activity.”

This focus on Iran to the exclusion of everything else was “counterproductive,” Lavrov said. "Israel and the Americans are above all concerned with Iran, not just when it comes to Syria but also this region in general, and maybe even in a much wider geographical area."

"We consider it very, very dangerous how the situation is developing in [the Persian Gulf] as well as in Syria,” the top Russian diplomat added.

There are attempts to turn the territory of Syria into a battlefield between Israel and Iran, between Sunnis and Shia. This is bad and only aggravates the crisis.

He did not name any particular country as the culprit, but the thrust of the remark was perfectly clear. Earlier in the day, Washington announced additional sanctions against Iran, including Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei personally.

In his talks with Shoukry, Lavrov expressed concern about the rumored US peace plan for the Israeli-Palestinian question, saying that “secretly developed ideas” that reject the two-state solution were a departure from the framework of UN resolutions and other internationally agreed principles.

UN resolutions should also be the basis of resolving the conflict in Syria, Lavrov said, condemning attempts to “encourage separatist tendencies in this or that part of Syria” and interfere with the legitimate government – once again indirectly pointing to the US.

Trump’s refusal to escalate the military confrontation with Tehran – going so far as to question the massive US military presence in the Persian Gulf in a series of tweets on Monday – even as he went along with sanctions and threats, seems to have left Iran hawks such as Bolton and Pompeo painted into a corner.

Netanyahu is in a similar position. He can’t accuse Trump of insufficient support for Israel after such explicit evidence to the contrary as relocating the US embassy to Jerusalem and recognizing the Israeli claim to the occupied Golan Heights. He is also in political limbo at home, after failing to form a coalition government and having to call a new general election for September.

This has reduced the Israeli leader to hosting “a Russian victory lap” in Jerusalem while the “emasculated” Bolton looks on, the liberal daily Haaretz noted on Monday. Describing Russia as the rising power in the Middle East due to Washington’s reluctance to launch wars against Syria and Iran, Haaretz argued that Israel and the US have “little choice but to do business” with Moscow.

Bolton is Trump’s “third national security adviser in two and a half years, and could well be out of a job very soon,” the paper noted.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 08:13| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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