イランで国内政争激化? ザリフを弾劾?: ずくなしの冷や水

2019年02月26日

イランで国内政争激化? ザリフを弾劾?

イランの外務大臣ザリフが辞意を表明したが、大統領のロウハニが辞任を承認しなかったとの報道が流れています。2018/11/20からくすぶっていたのでしょうか。

RT2019/2/26
Iran's President Rouhani does not accept Foreign Minister Javad Zarif’s resignation - Fars

以下は2018/11/20の記事です。
イラン議会にザリフを弾劾する動きがあるようです。ザリフがマネーロンダリングを非難する発言をした後に動きが出たとされています。

大統領のロウハニがEUとの交渉上、マネロン抑止の姿勢が必要だと判断し、国際条約への加入を議会に提案したのに対し、最高指導者アリー・ハーメネイーに近いグループがハマスやヒズボラへの支援に支障が出るとしてこれに否定的で、交渉当事者のザリフはついつい強く批判したということのようです。

Radio Farda November 20, 2018
Ayatollah Blasts Zarif Comments As MP Talks Of His Impeachment
Following implicit criticism of foreign minister Mohammad Javad Zarif by the conservative head of Iran’s Judiciary, a member of parliament says that Zarif’s impeachment process has begun.

On Monday, the Judiciary's Ayatollah Sadeq Amoli Larijani dismissed Zarif’s recent comments about high level of money laundering in Iran, describing it as a “stab right into the heart” of the Islamic Republic ruling system.

On Tuesday, the conservative Tasnim news agency, close to revolutionary guards, quoted a member of parliament as saying that a proposal for Zarif’s impeachment is being prepared to be put to a vote. It is not clear when the plan will be put in motion.

Earlier on November 11, Zarif had said that those who profit billions of dollars from money laundering are spending millions of it to prevent the passage of the bills requiring more financial transparency.

An international transparency watchdog, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has demanded that Iran should adhere to anti-money-laundering standards and enact laws to prevent financing of terrorism.

The foreign minister went on to accuse state-owned agencies that he refrained from naming, of mounting the campaign against President Hassan Rouhanis' proposed legislation known as Palermo Bills.

"We cannot challenge the scenes set by these wealthy and mighty state-organs,” he said.

The comments triggered a wave of enraged responses from the conservative camp dominating Iran.

Zarif was summoned for more explanation to parliament’s (Majles) influential National Security and Foreign Policy Commission, forcing him to reiterate that he had not accused any state-run institution of money laundering.

The adoption of anti-money laundering and terrorism financing laws by Iran can help its standing with European countries that have pledged to help Iran continue doing trade despite U.S. sanctions.

Nevertheless, Zarif's clarification was not good enough for his opponents. Soon, the pressure on him increased to the extent that widely circulated rumors said he has already resigned.

These rumors reached a level that the spokesman of the foreign ministry, Bahram Ghasemi had to react on Monday in his press briefing.

“For sure, I reject this rumor. These are deliberately manufactured, processed and spread by certain circles. Mr. Zarif is energetically busy with his work. He was in parliament yesterday and today he is hosting a foreign delegation”.

Despite Zarif's clarification and Ghasemi's strong denial, the head of the Islamic Republic' judiciary decided on Monday to join the chorus of the conservatives condemning the foreign minister's remark.

"If there is huge money laundering in the country, why did you not report it to the judiciary?" state-run Iranian Students News Agency (ISNA) cited Sadeq Amoli Larijani as saying.

Carefully avoiding mentioning Zarif by name, the mid-ranking Ayatollah maintained, "The enemy's best tool is economic pressure--- In such situation officials are expected not to make double-edged comments that could be misused by the enemy."

Furthermore, Ayatollah Sadeq Amoli Larijani called upon Iranian officials to avoid unwarranted remarks.

The opponents of the Palermo Bills argue that their implementation is a threat to Iran’s security. Analysts say the real fear in circles loyal to the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, is that adhering to the financial transparency requirements would prevent Iran from financially supporting the Lebanese Hezbollah and Palestinian Hamas militant groups.

The Islamic Republic along with North Korea are the only countries on the Financial Action Task Force blacklist, but the Paris-based organization has suspended counter-measures against Tehran while it works on reforms.

The FATF has given Tehran until February to either endorse the UNTOC or be added to its “blacklist” of countries refusing to cooperate in the fight against money laundering and financing terrorism. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is urging Tehran to endorse the bills before the deadline set by FATF.

Radio Farda September 09, 2018
Another Conservative Watchdog Blocks Anti-Corruption Bills
Iran’s Expediency Discernment Council (EDC) has rejected a bill proposed by President Hassan Rouhani’s Administration to amend a law concerning money laundering.

The proposal, which is a part of four bills known as “Palermo bills” in Iran, was aimed to pave the way for Tehran to get out of Financial Action Task Force’s (FATF) list of suspect countries.

Rouhani’s administration on November 8, 2017 tabled four bills for the parliament’s approval -- the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crimes (UNTOC), Combatting Financing Terrorism (CFT), and the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crimes (UNODC) -- in the hope of reducing international pressure on Iran’s deteriorating economy.

The bills are proposed to mitigate increasing pressure on Tehran, while the 2016 Basel Anti-Money laundering (AML) Index has identified Iran as the highest money-laundering risk out of 149 countries surveyed.

Iran has until October to adopt the financial reforms proposed by FATF as part of efforts to improve Iran’s ability to interact with the international banking and trade system.

Nevertheless, EDC says joining FATF is against Iran’s high policy of “resistance economy”, “food security”, “economic security” and “encouraging investment”.

Ten days after parliament initially approved the bill concerning UNTOC, Khamenei personally stepped in on June 20 and called the bill “unacceptable.”

Taking its cue from the Supreme Leader, Iran's Guardian Council (GC) rejected the bills on August 17. The GC is constitutionally tasked to review legislation passed by parliament and give its seal of approval.

According to Khamenei, UNTOC had been “cooked up” by foreign powers and the parliament should shelve it.

“It is not necessary to join conventions the depths of which we are unaware of,” he said, proposing instead that the parliament create its own laws to combat money laundering and terrorism funding rather than join an international convention.

Conservative allies of Khamenei believe that approval of the Palermo Bills might jeopardize Iran’s financial assistance to what they describe as the “resistance front," including Hamas and Lebanese Hezbollah.

EDC’s opposition to FATF was relayed to the Guardians Council in a letter written by its chairman, Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi, Fars, a news agency affiliated with the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) reported on Sunday, September 9.

Meanwhile, those who support the bills, including the speaker of Majles (parliament), Ali Larijani, President Rouhani and his moderate-reformist allies have accused the opponents of being afraid of economic transparency and combatting financial corruption.

Implementing guidelines proposed by FATF in entities such as the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), Central Bank of Iran (CBI)and Central Insurance Organization could be hazardous for Iran in coming situations, Ayatollah Shahroudi has argued in his letter to the GC’s chairman, 91-year old Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati.

However, President Rouhani’s deputy for legal and judicial affairs, Hossein Ali Amiri, has argued that according to the Islamic Republic’s Constitution, EDC has no legal authority to make decision on issues related to national security.

“When it comes to weighing national security affairs, they should be referred to the Supreme National Security Council (SNSC),” Amiri has reiterated.

Based on Iranian law, SNSC is always chaired by the incumbent President.

The EDC normally does not interfere in legislative affairs. But in cases where parliament and the Guardian Council reach a deadlock, EDC occasionally acts to find determine what is "expedient" for the regime.

Though the bills are not directly tied to talks between the EU and Tehran to keep the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), or Iran nuclear deal with world powers, alive, an MP, Alireza Beigi has cited the deputy foreign minister of Iran, Abbas Araghchi, as admitting that their approval would help the Iranian side in its negotiations with Europe.

While FATF does not have the authority to impose sanctions, a country blacklisted by the world’s financial watchdog will face severe pressure in its economic ties with the rest of the world.

Iran has been on the blacklist of FATF since 2009, but the international organization has suspended Tehran from the list during the past two years, giving the country the chance to lay the groundwork for joining international conventions against money laundering and financial assistance to terrorism.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 19:21| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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