カショギ事件 アルジャジーラ報道 2018/10/30〜: ずくなしの冷や水

2018年11月02日

カショギ事件 アルジャジーラ報道 2018/10/30〜

カショギ事件での国際的な反応が収まりません。米国がサウジとUAEにイエメン空爆の停止を求めました。米国内の対サウジ武器輸出停止の要求がイエメンでの戦争犯罪への米国の加担を理由にあげており、マチスは全面武器輸出禁止となることを恐れています。カショギ事件は、サウジのMBSの指示によるものと多くの人が考えて発言しており、サウジの人権侵害、戦争犯罪が一気に世界的な糾弾の的になりつつあります。サウジのテロリスト支援も暴かれることになる可能性もあります。
形勢悪しと見た米国軍産複合体は火の粉を振り払うのに必死という構図です。
英国に住む国王の実弟の皇太子がサウジに帰っています。米国と英国から身の安全を保障されたとあります。
他方、サウジの皇太子Turki bin Faisal がサウジに対する米国内の非難の高まりが米国とサウジの戦略的な同盟関係を損なうと脅し始めました。
エルドアンは、カショギ事件を政治的に最大限活用する方針です。

UN rights chief calls for international role in Khashoggi inquiry
国連人権高等弁務官がカショギ事件での国際的な関与を呼びかけ
United Nations human rights chief Michelle Bachelet called for international experts to take part in an independent investigation into the killing of Khashoggi, with access to evidence and witnesses.

Bachelet also urged Saudi Arabia to reveal the whereabouts of Khashoggi's body, adding that a forensic examination and autopsy were crucial in the ongoing investigation into the "shockingly brazen crime" carried out in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.

Erdogan: No point in protecting culprits in Khashoggi murder
エルドアンが犯人隠匿を認めない姿勢
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called on Saudi Arabia's chief prosecutor to find out who ordered the murder of Khashoggi, and not spare "certain people" in his investigation.

"Who sent these 15 people? As Saudi public prosecutor, you have to ask that question, so you can reveal it," Erdogan said, referring to the 15-man team suspected of being behind the hit.

"Now we have to solve this case. No need to prevaricate, it makes no sense to try to protect certain people," he told reporters in Ankara.

Erdogan said the Turkish prosecutor had told his Saudi counterpart that the 18 suspects in the case could be tried in Turkey. Saudi officials also needed to reveal the identity of a local cooperator said to have been involved in Khashoggi's disappearance, he said.


Susan Rice in NYT: Saudi Arabia a partner we can't depend on
元国連大使スーザンライスがサウジは当てにできないとNYTに
Susan Rice, the former US national security adviser during Obama's second term, has lashed out at Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, in an opinion piece in the New York Times.

In the op-ed, Rice said that the "brazen murder of Jamal Khashoggi raises a critical question that the Trump administration plainly wants to avoid: Can the United States continue to cooperate with Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman?

"The young prince's almost certain culpability in Mr. Khashoggi’s killing underscores his extreme recklessness and immorality, while exposing him as a dangerous and unreliable partner for the United States."

Turks receive testimonies from 18 Saudi suspects
トルコが容疑者18人の証言録を受け取る
Saudi prosecutors have handed over the testimonies by the 18 suspects of the killing of Khashoggi to Turkish officials, a source in the Turkish Attorney General's office told Al Jazeera.

The move comes after sources told Al Jazeera that Istanbul's chief prosecutor's office was left "unsatisfied" following a meeting with Saudi Arabia's top prosecutor over Khashoggi's killing.

Saud al-Mojeb, who arrived in Istanbul from Riyadh on Sunday, had been expected to provide the testimonies from the 18 suspects being held in Saudi Arabia, but according to the sources he initially failed to hand over the statements.

King Salman's brother 'returns to Riyadh' amid Khashoggi crisis

Prince Ahmad bin Abdulaziz's reported return is seen as a potential challenge to Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.
The only surviving full brother of Saudi Arabia's King Salman has reportedly returned to the kingdom, amid an international outcry over the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

Prince Ahmad bin Abdulaziz flew back to Riyadh from London on Tuesday, according to three Saudi sources close to the prince cited by The New York Times, in what some analysts are calling a potential challenge to the authority of Saudi Arabia's de facto ruler Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

Sources told the Times bin Abdulaziz arrived in the Saudi capital around 01:30 (22:30 GMT on Monday) on Tuesday and was warmly received by his nephew, the crown prince, who greeted him at the airport.

London-based Middle East Eye also reported bin Abdulaziz's return, quoting a source close to the prince as saying his return is intended to shake up the kingdom's leadership.

"The prince wants to play a role to make these changes, which means either he himself will play a major role in any new arrangement or to help choose an alternative to MBS," the source was cited as saying.

David Hearst, editor-in-chief of the Middle East Eye, said that Prince Ahmad's arrival is likely to cause some discomfort for the crown prince.

"Mohammed bin Salman has become a focus of the [royal] family's discontent, a symbol of it. Prince Ahmad had always made his objection to the crown prince know.

"He was one of the three members on the allegiance council who did not vote for him. He's made other public signs of his disapproval," Hearst said.

One of the most senior members of the royal family, bin Abdulaziz - who has been living in the United Kingdom - is said to have agreed to return to Riyadh only after receiving security assurances from the UK and United States.

Reports say the prince had been afraid to return after publicly challenging bin Salman on several occasions.

In November 2017, bin Salman conducted a sweeping purge of senior ministers and princes as part of purported anti-corruption measures.

The supposed return comes almost a month after Khashoggi, a Saudi journalist who wrote for the Washington Post, was killed in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, on November 2.

Eighteen men have been arrested in Saudi Arabia in connection with the murder, which is thought to have been ordered by top-level Saudi officials. Investigations are ongoing.

The younger brother of King Salman, bin Abdulaziz, now in his 70s, is one of the most senior members of the Saudi royal family. His position as the king's brother lends him a special importance in the kingdom.

He and the king are the last remaining members of the powerful "Sudairi seven", a bloc comprised of the seven sons of King Abdul Aziz - considered the kingdom's modern founder - and his favourite wife Hussa bint Ahmed al-Sudairi. The brothers banded together to ensure the throne and important ministries passed between them and stayed out of the reach of the king's dozens of other sons.

Bin Abdulaziz served as deputy interior minister for decades and briefly as interior minister in 2012, but has been in retirement since then, spending most of his time in London.

Mahjoob Zweiri, director of the Gulf Studies Center at Qatar University, said the apparent arrival of bin Abdulaziz in Riyadh could signal a change at the top of the Saudi leadership.

"I think the gesture means there is a change coming some time soon," he told Al Jazeera. "Let's not forget there is also a level of anger at the behaviour of Mohammed bin Salman when it comes to the region and inside Saudi Arabia, there are forces inside Saudi Arabia that are not happy with what's happening."

Bin Abdulaziz caused controversy in September when a video of him speaking to protesters in London sparked concerns about his loyalty to bin Salman.

The nearly two-minute clip appeared to show him asking demonstrators protesting the kingdom's role in the war in Yemen why they were complaining to him instead of the king and crown prince. He also said he hoped that wars in Yemen and elsewhere would stop as soon as possible.

Shortly afterwards, bin Abdulaziz issued a brief official statement saying that his comments were intended to clarify that "the king and crown prince are responsible for the state and its decisions".

What does this mean for the Khashoggi case?

Al Jazeera's Zeina Khodr, reporting from Istanbul, said the timing of bin Abdulaziz's return - which has not been officially confirmed by Riyadh - is significant.

"At a time when Saudi Arabia is coming under international pressure to come clean on exactly what happened inside that consulate and to come clean on who ordered that killing. There is international outrage and many in the international community believe that order was given by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman."

"What is happening inside the royal family, in the kingdom, it is hard to say for the time being but there is no doubt that this crisis could have repercussions for the Saudi royal family, for Saudi Arabia.

"Is something being worked out behind the scenes that will satisfy all parties? There is no doubt Jamal Khashoggi's killing caused an international crisis, now there seem to be attempts to contain this crisis," she said.

Zweiri said bin Abdulaziz's reported return is a direct consequence of Khashoggi's killing, as well as international players' desire to ensure the kingdom's stability.

"There was serious pressure on the ruling family in Saudi Arabia, on the crown prince himself, there is a serious critique to his foreign policy and his political behaviour and it's obvious that the UK and the United States have decided to have a serious move," he told Al Jazeera.

"I think they want to move for the sake of protecting their national interests in the region because Saudi Arabia is, for them, an important player in the Middle East region," he said. "They have to choose whether the future of Saudi Arabia is collaboration with the international community or keeping Mohammed bin Salman".


Turkey's ruling AK Party says Khashoggi killing not possible without orders from above

A spokesperson for President Erdogan's AK Party said Khashoggi's killing could not have been made possible without orders from someone in a senior position.

Omar Celik told reporters in Ankara that Turkey would not let anyone cover up Khashoggi's killing, adding that it was not possible for Saudi officials to still not know of the body's whereabouts.

Khashoggi was strangled as soon as he entered the consulate: Turkish prosecutor

Jamal Khashoggi was strangled as soon as he entered the Saudi consulate in Istanbul and then dismembered as part of a premeditated plan, Turkey's chief prosecutor said on Wednesday, making details of the murder public for the first time.

The revelations came just hours after Saudi Arabia's chief prosecutor left Istanbul, and the Turkish prosecutor's office said it was "obliged" to reveal the details after the talks produced "no concrete results".

Gulf investors sell $273m in Saudi stocks in October: Reuters

Foreign investors, including those from other Gulf states, were net sellers of Saudi equities for most of October, partly because of fear that Khashoggi's killing could damage Saudi ties with the West and lead to economic sanctions, according to a monthly poll by Reuters news agency.

Gulf investors sold a net total of $273m of Saudi stocks between October 8 and 26, according to exchange data. However, the poll of 13 leading Middle Eastern fund managers, suggested that most funds do not intent to continue selling.

Pressure grows on UK to sanction Saudi Arabia
英国政府に対するサウジ制裁の圧力高まる
The UK's foreign secretary was pressed by a select committee on how to deal with Saudi Arabia over Khashoggi's killing.

Jeremy Hunt called the murder appalling and said it highlighted the threat to journalists.

"If these stories are true - as they've been reported - it is nothing short of utterly and totally shocking… There will be an impact on the relationship with Saudi Arabia," Hunt told the committee.

"It has brought into sharp focus that we cannot take for granted media freedom."

He said it was possible Khashoggi's killing has given the United States and the United Kingdom the opportunity to push Saudi Arabia to improve its human rights record.
Turkey suspects top Saudi diplomats of role in Khashoggi murder

"It is because we have that strategic relationship with Saudi Arabia, because America has that relationship, that we are in a position to ask them to do things we couldn't do if we didn't have that relationship. And so now what we need to do is use that relationship to push for progress," he later told the BBC.

"It is too early to say there are green shoots. There are still terrible things happening every day. The humanitarian situation is truly appalling. But there is an opportunity now and we must grasp it."

Saudi authorities did not respond to questions over Khashoggi killing: Turkey’s justice minister
サウジ当局はトルコの質問に答えなかった
Turkish Justice Minister Abdulhamit Gul said his country's questions on the killing of Khashoggi on October 2 have not been answered by Saudi Arabia.

Speaking in the capital, Ankara, Gul demanded close cooperation from Saudi authorities to uncover details of the famed critic's killing inside the kingdom's consulate in Istanbul.

He reiterated that responsibility for the criminal act is "unavoidable" and cannot be "covered up" and said Khashoggi's body hasn't been found yet.

US says Khashoggi's remains should be located
米国:カショギの遺体は遺族に速やかに返されるべき
The US State Department has said the slain journalist's body should be found and returned to their family as soon as possible.

The comments came after State Secretary Mike Pompeo said in a radio interview "that the murder of Jamal Khashoggi is completely unacceptable. It's out of bounds; it’s not the way nations behave."

But Pompeo pointed to "a long-time, deep set of strategic relationships", including Saudi's petroleum production and countering of Iranian expansion in the region, as "important American national security interests."
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:31| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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