イスラエル、イラン、パレスチナがサッカー外交でモスクワへ トランプ会談を控え: ずくなしの冷や水

2018年07月18日

イスラエル、イラン、パレスチナがサッカー外交でモスクワへ トランプ会談を控え

sptnik 18:07 11.07.2018(updated 18:08 11.07.2018)
Journo Says Israel Can Pressure US to Lift Russia Sanctions if Iran Leaves Syria

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is coming to Moscow Wednesday to meet with President Vladimir Putin, and is expected to again declare that Iran's presence in Syria is unacceptable to Tel Aviv. One Israeli analyst says Israel may try to sell the Iranian withdrawal idea Russia in exchange for Israeli promises to talk Trump about lifting sanctions.

RT2018/7/12
Middle East officials flocking to Moscow – is there a big deal to be made before Putin meets Trump?
Moscow is awash this week with Middle East movers and shakers, apparently eager to have a word with Vladimir Putin ahead of his meeting with Trump. Is there a big ME deal in the making? RT talks to analysts.

Before having a face-off with his US counterpart in Helsinki next week, President Putin is to have several high-profile meetings in Russia. There is Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Ali Akbar Velayati, the foreign policy aide to Iran’s Supreme Leader. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas will be in Moscow in time to watch the World Cup finals on Sunday and is expected to meet Putin. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, the Emir of Qatar, will also be among the spectators, although whether he would talk with Putin is yet to be confirmed.

Amid the flurry of visits there is some speculation in the media that a grand deal between the US and Russia, which would involve a rebalancing of power in the Middle East, may come out from the Helsinki talks and that regional players are making an 11th-hour bid to ensure that their interests would be taken into consideration.

Such a scenario is possible, but highly unlikely, because it would be inconsistent with Russia’s current policies in the Middle East, Grigory Lukyanov, a Middle East analyst and senior lecturer at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow, told RT.

There are concerns in Damascus and Tehran that the course which Russia had in foreign policy over the past years, may take a shift similarly to how it happened in the past, when in pursuit of some global agreement with the US, Russia would sacrifice its Middle Eastern achievements and interests that it perceived secondary,” he said.

The sentiment is particularly strong in some Iranian political circles, which view Moscow as unreliable and its interests inconsistent with those of Tehran, he said. Such concerns don’t seem to be backed by facts and are inconsistent with Russia’s own interests in the region.

‘US - a beautiful and rich, but air-headed girl’
One should not overestimate how much Donald Trump may realistically offer in Helsinki to have Russia make any major policy change and how tempting this offer would be for Putin, Sergey Balmasov, a senior analyst at the Center for Crisis Society, a Moscow-based think tank, told RT.

“The moods of America are like the moods of a very beautiful and rich, but air-headed girl. Today you flirt with her, and the next day you find relations with that guy Iran spoiled. Such things require great care, and people in the Russian foreign ministry realize it well,” he explained. “And anyway, global issues cannot be solved Gorbachev-style with a stroke of a pen.”

‘Russia offers solutions US failed to’
Russia’s involvement in Syria, which changed the situation dramatically from the hopeless slide towards total disintegration in 2014 to the relative stability of today, is a major point of leverage for Moscow in regional politics, Balmasov said. Tactical considerations like the presence of pro-Iranian troops in southern Syria and Israel’s combative reaction to it, are of course important, but the really important issue for the country would be post-war reconstruction and who would pay for it.

Lukyanov agrees that Moscow would win nothing from siding with either party involved in the Middle East. Russia’s current policy in this region is to play its own game while taking into account the interests of other players. The meetings with Netanyahu and Velayati are most likely just meant to keep Putin up to date with the positions of Israel and Iran respectively, he believes.

At the moment Russia sees a more prominent place for itself in the Middle East, but the role it is ready to play is limited, compared to other global players, he said.

“Russia’s strong point now is the ability and willingness to offer solutions to security problems. The US failed in that regard in Iraq and some other places,” Lukyanov said. “But Russia cannot and is not trying to replace the US as a primary trade partner for Middle Eastern nations. Same is true about replacing China or Europe."

“Solving security issues requires constructive dialogue with stakeholders, and the Syrian experience is viewed by the Russian leadership as more than constructive. Many people in the Middle Eastern nations, Arab or otherwise, share this position,” he added.

FARSNEWS2018/7/16
Spokesman Dismisses Reports on Velayati-Netanyahu Indirect Talks in Russia
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Bahram Qassemi dismissed as farcical some Arab media claims that Iranian Supreme Leader's top aide for international affairs Akbar Velayati and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu were in Moscow for some indirect talks.

"I think that it is more like a satire and joke for anyone who is familiar with Iran's policies and such a thing cannot be true at all and I deny it," Qassemi told reporters in a press conference in Tehran on Monday.

Velayati himself had also denied any such intention, saying Netanyahu apparently has too much time and wanders around aimlessly.

Elsewhere, Qassemi was asked by reporters about Argentina's request from Russia to arrest and extradite Velayati, a former Iranian Foreign Minister, in alleged connection with the 1994 bombing of a Jewish center in Buenos Aires.

"It was an improper and wrong measure based on a baseless allegation," Qassemi said.

He added that such improper attempts are made against certain Iranian officials every now and then mainly as part of smear campaign and propaganda against Iran.

Under intense political pressure from the US and Israel, Argentina had formally accused Iran of having carried out the bomb attack of the AMIA building in Buenos Aires that killed 85 people in 1994. The Islamic Republic has categorically denied any involvement in the terrorist bombing.

On January 27, 2013, the former Iranian foreign minister and his Argentinean counterpart Hector Timmerman signed an agreement to jointly probe into the bombing.

"This initiative has prevented some countries and political currents from interfering in our good relations with the Latin American states," former Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Mehman-Parast said at the time.

He noted that Israel was trying to link the AMIA deadly incident to Iran, but Tehran's agreement with Buenos Aires prevented Tel Aviv from achieving its goal.

"The AMIA bombing is a fully suspicious case and no independent and impartial fact-finding mission had ever been commissioned to deal with it (before)," Mehman-Parast added.

After Iran and Argentina signed the deal over AMIA, the Israeli regime showed an angry reaction. "We are stunned by this news item and we will want to receive from the Argentine government a complete picture as to what was agreed upon because this entire affair affects Israel directly," Israel's then Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Yigal Palmor said on January 28, 2013.

In a statement on January 30, 2013, however, the Argentinean Foreign Ministry said Israel's demand for explanation over the agreement, described by Argentinean President Fernandez as "historic," was an "improper action that is strongly rejected".

FARSNEWS2018/7/16
Iran Denies Report on Message to Trump Via Putin
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Iranian foreign ministry rejected media speculations that Tehran has asked Russian President Vladimir Putin to convey a message to his US counterpart Donald Trump during their meeting in Helsinki on Monday.

"This is not true. We do not have a message for Mr. Trump and did not have any such discussion with the Russian government," Foreign Ministry Spokesman Bahram Qassemi told reporters in a press conference in Tehran on Monday.

Trump will meet Putin in Finland later on Monday, ending a tumultuous European tour in which he criticized his allies. They are also expected to discuss the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran after Washington's withdrawal.

Trump announced on May 8 that Washington would no longer remain part of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and promised to re-impose the highest level of economic sanctions against Iran.

The sanctions reinstated on Iran on May 8 included boycott of Iran's crude supplies and bans on transfer of its crude revenues. There is a 180 days interval before these sanctions come into effect. Other US secondary sanctions are reinstated this month.

After Trump's declaration, the Iranian government issued a statement, calling the US withdrawal as "unlawful". The statement underlined Iran's prerequisites for continuing the deal with the five world powers. These conditions that were reiterated later by Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei later mainly included Iran's guaranteed crude sales and transfer of its revenues back home.

Two months later, the other five powers party to the nuclear deal have failed to satisfy Iran. President Hassan Rouhani voiced his disappointment over a recent package of incentives proposed by the European Union countries to Tehran, and said that the Islamic Republic expected a much better, clearer and explicit stance by the EU.

"Unfortunately, the EU’s package of proposals lacked an operational solution and a specific method for cooperation, and featured just a set of general commitments like the previous statements by the European Union," President Rouhani said in a telephone conversation with German Chancellor Angela Merkel on July 5.

President Rouhani pointed to US' unilateral withdrawal from the nuclear deal, and said, "After the US withdrawal from the JCPOA, Iran has been dealing with economic issues and problems in banking relations and oil, and foreign companies that have invested in Iran are skeptical about continuing their business."

The Iranian president, however, said that the package proposed by the three European countries (the UK, Germany, and France) on how they are going to live up to their commitments and cooperation under the JCPOA was “disappointing”.

President Rouhani reiterated that the JCPOA was a mutual commitment, and said, "Iran had expected a clear plan from the three European countries after the two months’ time they have been given to come up with solid guarantees to ensure Iran’s economic interests would continue to be met despite US pullout and reinstatement of sanctions."

The Iranian president, however, said that Tehran would continue cooperation with Europe if the outcome of the July 6 Vienna talks would be promising.

“If the process of the European foreign ministers’ meeting in Vienna, which is aimed at encouraging Iran to cooperate, is promising, we will continue our cooperation with Europe,” Rouhani added.

But the Vienna talks on July 6 among foreign ministers from Iran and the five world powers (Russia, China, Germany, France and Britain) failed to satisfy Iran with senior officials in Tehran complaining that the Europeans had offered nothing new to ensure Iran’s continued merits under the deal.

RT2018/7/18
Netanyahu hails Trump-Putin summit in Helsinki, thanks leaders for discussing Israel’s security
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has hailed Israel’s relations with the US and Russia after Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin said that the Jewish state's security concerns were discussed during their summit in Helsinki.

The prime minister’s office released a statement applauding both nations shortly after Putin and Trump concluded their meeting on Monday.

“Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu welcomes the deep commitment of the United States and President Trump to Israel’s security, as expressed in the meeting between President Trump and President Putin. The friendship between Israel and the US has never been stronger,” the statement said, adding that Netanyahu “also greatly appreciates the security coordination between Israel and Russia and President Putin’s clear position on the need to implement the 1974 separation agreements between Israel and Syria.”

The Russian president told reporters during a joint press conference that his US counterpart had raised the issue of Israel’s security during their talks. Trump added that both leaders had consulted with Netanyahu regarding “the safety of Israel” before heading into the summit. However, Trump dodged a question asking about specific agreements between the US and Russia regarding Israel’s security.

Israel has reserved the right to attack alleged Iran-affiliated targets inside Syria, claiming that an Iranian military presence in the Arab Republic poses an existential threat to the Jewish state.

While the IDF does not comment on every engagement on its neighbor’s territory, previously acknowledged targets by Israel in Syria included weapons storage facilities, logistics sites and intelligence centers.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 19:26| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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