米朝首脳会談: ずくなしの冷や水

2018年06月14日

米朝首脳会談

RT2018/6/12
Denuclearize first, talk sanctions after: What historic US-N. Korea summit promised to the world
The “epochal” first-ever summit between the US and North Korea has ended with eloquent vows to “leave the past behind” and “make the world a safer place.” RT looks at highlights of both leaders’ pledges.

US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un met at the Capella Hotel on Sentosa Island in Singapore on Tuesday. The preparations for the high-level meeting involved many ups and downs, and it was even almost cancelled due to a change of heart by Trump.

After the first face-to-face encounter and handshakes in the morning, the leaders proceeded to closed-door talks. The whole negotiations process required Trump to stay up for more than 24 consecutive hours, as he later revealed at a media briefing. Several of those hours were spent discussing the details of the joint “comprehensive” agreement with Kim.

‘Complete’ denuclearization to start ‘very quickly’

One of the major steps sealed in the four-point document is “complete denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.” While neither the timing nor details of the commitment is provided in the text, Trump later said during a news conference that Pyongyang would start the process “very quickly” and “a lot of people” would be sent to North Korea to verify it.

Pyongyang still has a sizeable number of nukes, according to Trump. Pressed by journalists as to whether he believed in the North Korean leader’s commitments, Trump said that he believes Kim was determined to de-nuclearize.

Previously, the North Korean leader said that the country would actually have no need for nukes if it had security guarantees. This concern of the communist state also found its place in the final document, which said that “Trump committed to provide security guarantees” to North Korea.

The first steps for scrapping the nuclear program were made even before the summit, as Pyongyang demolished its nuclear test site last month. More is to come, according to Trump, as the North will also get rid of missile-engine testing areas.

The American-led military drills on North Korea’s doorstep have always drawn Pyongyang’s ire. Despite calls not to further ignite tensions in the region, mainly from Russia and China, Washington maintained that the maneuvers are an annual event, and purely defensive in nature.

After the lengthy talks, Trump realized that the war games were “provocative” and might badly affect the negotiations process. Additionally, the cessation of the exercises will save a “tremendous amount of money” for American taxpayers as it was “very expensive” for US bombers to fly six hours from Guam.

Speaking about the 32,000-strong US military contingent based in South Korea, the president said that he would ideally “like to bring them home, but that’s not part of the equation right now.”

However, the US military in Korea (USFK) has not received new directives from the US Department of Defense regarding the joint drills, USFK spokesperson Lt. Col. Jennifer Lovett said.
Sanctions are not going anywhere

The “special bond” between Trump and Kim and the announced “unwavering commitment to complete denuclearization” apparently are not enough to lift or ease the existing punitive measures against Pyongyang, as Trump said they are to remain in effect but could be lifted.

“The sanctions will come off when we are sure that the nukes are no longer a factor,” Trump told reporters in Singapore. “I hope it is soon... at a certain point, I look forward to taking them off.”

North Korea is currently the subject of sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council and, additionally, is impacted by unilateral restrictive measures by the US. The latest several rounds of international sanctions crippled North Korea’s main revenue sources – the exports of coal, iron, textiles and seafood. They also severely limited the annual import of refined petroleum to 500,000 barrels.

Meanwhile, China, the main economic lifeline for the North, said that the diplomatic steps should be rewarded and suggested that the UN should ease the sanctions.

FARSNEWS2018/6/12
Trump Announces Freeze on US Military Drills with South Korea after Summit with Kim
TEHRAN (FNA)- President Donald Trump told the press after meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un that the United States will halt military drills with South Korea while negotiations between Washington and Pyongyang continue.

Describing the exercises as “war games”, Trump said that the drills were “very expensive” and required US bombers to “fly in from Guam” – a practice that he described as “provocative”, RT reported.

Speaking about the large US military contingent based in South Korea, the President added that he would ideally “like to bring them home, but that’s not part of the equation right now. But we will be stopping the war games”.

The US President made the announcement after wrapping up a historic summit with the North Korean leader in Singapore. Trump thanked Kim after their five-hour meeting "for taking the first bold step toward a bright new future for his people".

The US military in Korea (USFK) has not received new directives from the Pentagon regarding the joint drills, according to USFK Spokesperson Lt. Col. Jennifer Lovett.

The US forces are still waiting for “guidance on execution or cessation of training exercises”, Lovett said in a statement on Tuesday, adding that the joint drills “will continue with our current military posture until we receive updated guidance from the Department of Defense”.

Joint US-South Korea military exercises have complicated the fragile negotiations on the Korean Peninsula. Pyongyang canceled high-level talks with Seoul in May due to the ‘Max Thunder’ military exercises between the South and the US. The drills were described by the North as a rehearsal for invasion of the DPRK and a provocation amid warming inter-Korean ties.

The annual Max Thunder drills kicked off on May 11 and lasted two weeks. They followed the massive Foal Eagle field exercises conducted by the US and South Korea in April.

FARSNEWS2018/6/12
Kim, Trump Sign Document Following Talks in Singapore
TEHRAN (FNA)- North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and US President Donald Trump signed an unspecified document, after they met at the Capella Hotel on Singapore's Sentosa Island on Tuesday morning.

“We’ve developed a very special bond,” Trump said, sitting next to “chairman” Kim after what he called an “intensive time” together, World News reported.

He vowed to start the process “very, very quickly” without specifying what exactly is going to happen.

“Today we had a historic meeting and decided to leave the past behind, and we are about to sign a historic document. The world will a see a major change,” Kim said, before thanking his US counterpart for the meeting.

After the signing ceremony, Trump stated that, from now on, the Korean peninsula “is going to be very much a different situation than it has in the past”.

The North Korean leader and the US President made history by shaking hands with each other at a top-level summit in Singapore on Tuesday morning, paving the way for reconciliation and denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.

Kim arrived first at the Capella Resort, on Singapore’s Sentosa Island, shortly before 9 am local time, while Trump followed a few minutes later. The historic handshake of the two leaders before a row of US and North Korean flags took place at 9:04 am.

“We will have a great relationship, I have no doubt,” Trump said in a brief photo-op.

"Past practices and prejudices were obstacles on our way forward, but we overcame all of them and are here today," Kim said.

The two met in private at first, accompanied only by their translators. After less than an hour, however, reporters were called in to take photos of an expanded format meeting. White House Chief of Staff John Kelly, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, and National Security Adviser John Bolton sat on Trump’s side of the table.

“We will solve a big problem, a big dilemma,” Trump could be heard as saying at the lunch, adding that the meeting with Kim was “very, very good”.

Trump and Kim arrived in Singapore on Sunday to hold the first ever face-to-face meeting between leaders of the two countries, which have remained enemies since the 1950-1953 Korean War.

FARSNEWS2018/6/13
Ex-Iranian Envoy: Kim-Trump Agreement to Denuclearize South Korea If Implemented
TEHRAN (FNA)- Former Iranian Ambassador to China Rasoul Moussavi said that the Tuesday agreement between US President Donald Trump and his North Korean counterpart Kim Jong Un, if implemented, will also deprive South Korea of its nuclear activities.

"Trump promised Un that he will guarantee North Korea's security and the North Korean leader spoke of denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and not (merely) denuclearization of his country," Moussavi said on Wednesday.

He said that Kim's remarks meant that South Korea should also become denuclearized, adding that Seoul has recently enriched uranium to 50% level.

"Therefore, denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula means that both countries (South and North Korea) should adopt measures to finally become denuclearized," Moussavi underlined.

On Tuesday, the US and North Korea held a summit in Singapore to discuss a path to peace for the Korean Peninsula.

The parties came to an agreement whereby Trump would end US military exercises in South Korea in exchange for denuclearization of the peninsula, but with hazy details on their end.

North Korea has committed but ultimately reneged on denuclearization several times since 1992.

FARSNEWS2018/6/13
Russia: US, North Korea Will Hardly Solve All Korean Problems Bilaterally
TEHRAN (FNA)- Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov stated that the US announcement of the suspension of military drills in the region would help solve the challenges facing the Korean Peninsula.

"President [Donald] Trump's announcement about the lack of need to hold yet another US-South Korean drill will contribute to ensuring a steady pace [in the Korean settlement]," Lavrov said at a press conference, Sputnik reported.

The Russian Minister added that the very fact that the summit took place is positive, stressing that denuclearization would take a long time and expressed hope that Pyongyang and Washington would have "enough patience" to agree on the parameters of the process.

"Undoubtedly, despite the importance of resolving the problems between the United States and North Korea, including the stages of the peninsula's denuclearization and security guarantees, it is clear that these problems can hardly be resolved in a bilateral format… All participants of the six-party talks persistently noted that the process should result in creating a system of peace, security and stability throughout Northeast Asia," he stressed.

Lavrov commented on the historic meeting held between Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in Singapore on June 12. The politicians signed a framework agreement, committing to work toward denuclearizing the Korean Peninsula. Trump also gave Pyongyang security assurances and stated that he would suspend military drills with South Korea in order to avoid tensions.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:14| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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