イスラエルのエルサレム首都移転にイスラム国が強く反発: ずくなしの冷や水

2017年12月06日

イスラエルのエルサレム首都移転にイスラム国が強く反発

RT2017/12/5
Turkey threatens to ax diplomatic ties with Israel if US recognizes Jerusalem as capital
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Tuesday that US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital would be a “red line” for Muslims. He also warned such a step would force Ankara to cut diplomatic ties with the Jewish state.

“This could go as far as cutting our diplomatic relations with Israel. You cannot take such a step,” Erdogan told a parliamentary group meeting of his ruling Justice and Development Party.

The Turkish president also said he would call for a meeting with the Organization for Islamic Cooperation to oppose any move recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. He said the measure would not only be a violation of international law, but also “a big blow to the conscience of the humanity.”

US President Donald Trump was expected to weigh in on the sensitive foreign policy matter Monday, but public warnings from allies and private phone calls between world leaders led to the White House delaying its decision. Turkey has been a vocal critic of the proposed move.

“If the [current] status of Jerusalem is changed and another step is taken... that would be a major catastrophe,” Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdag said during a televised press conference on Monday, as quoted by AFP. “It would completely destroy the fragile peace process in the region, and lead to new conflicts, new disputes and new unrest.”

The decision has been postponed once already by the new administration. “The president has been clear on this issue… It’s not a matter of if, it’s a matter of when,” White House spokesman Hogan Gidley said. Israel regards Jerusalem as its capital, although the international consensus is that the holy city’s status should be determined in peace talks with the Palestinians. Palestinian leaders hope to claim the eastern part of the city as their own capital.

Israel has long insisted that Jerusalem is its capital, but all foreign embassies are located in Tel Aviv. In October, Trump temporarily waived a law requiring the US to relocate its embassy to Jerusalem. The Jerusalem Embassy Act was passed during Bill Clinton’s first term in 1995, but has been waived every six months by US presidents ever since.

Turkish-Israeli relations have faced setbacks in the past. In 2011, Turkey expelled the Israeli ambassador to Ankara and downgraded diplomatic relations after Israel refuses to apologize for the deaths of eight Turkish citizens and a Turkish-American during a raid on a ship carrying aid to Palestinians in Gaza. Full diplomatic relations were not restored until 2016. More recently, Erdogan threatened to cut ties with the Jewish state over its support for an independent Kurdish state.


RT2017/12/6
Trump to recognize Jerusalem as Israeli capital, but delay embassy relocation – reports
US President Donald Trump is expected to announce official US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital on Wednesday, according to various reports citing US and White House officials. The US Embassy, however, will not be relocated immediately.

The US Embassy move from Tel Aviv would be a symbolic and substantive shift in US policy on the Israel-Palestine question. While the US ostensibly supports a two-state solution, it could be extremely detrimental to any peace deal, as Palestinians view East Jerusalem as the rightful capital for their own future state.

Sources close to the White House told ABC News and the Associated Press that recognizing Jerusalem as Israel's capital will not be a political statement. Part of Jerusalem could still potentially be a capital for a Palestinian state, ABC News reported.

Trump is expected to sign a six-month waiver for a 1995 US law mandating the embassy move to Jerusalem. The process for opening a new embassy would take years, and US law requires the president to keep waiving the move requirement until a new embassy is ready to open.

The US has a consulate in Jerusalem, as does Hong Kong, the only other foreign consulate in the holy city. The Jerusalem Consulate serves Jerusalem and the Israeli-occupied territories in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

Trump's Wednesday speech will reportedly balance the shift towards Israel with a renewed promise to pursue Arab and Palestinian interests in achieving peace and statehood for Palestine.

In October, Trump said he wanted to give a Middle East peace deal “a shot before I even think about moving the embassy to Jerusalem,” in an interview with Mike Huckabee on TBN.

RT2017/12/6
EU warns US about ‘consequences’ of moving its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem
EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini has warned the US against moving the country’s embassy in Israel to Jerusalem, saying it could jeopardize the peace process in the region.

The decision, if acted upon, would threaten the “meaningful peace process” and the two-state solution, Mogherini said during a joint press conference with US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson Tuesday.

“We believe that any action that would undermine these efforts must absolutely be avoided. A way must be found, through negotiations, to resolve the status of Jerusalem as the future capital of both states, so that the aspiration of both parties can be fulfilled,” she stated.

Late Monday, Mogherini warned about the possible consequences and “repercussions” which the decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital might trigger.

“Since early this year, the European Union was clear in its expectation that there can be reflection on the consequences that any decision or unilateral action affecting Jerusalem's status could have. It might have serious repercussions on public opinion in large parts of the world,” she said while speaking to Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi, according to a press release.

Fears that Trump might finally move on the sensitive issue and move the US embassy to Jerusalem, effectively recognizing it as Israel’s capital escalated last week. Moving the embassy was one of his major pronouncements during Trump’s presidential campaign.

Trump was expected to make the announcement Monday, but postponed it amid a wave of public calls and private pleas from world leaders. The White House, however, made clear that the president has already made up his mind on moving the embassy, while the announcement was being held off. “The president has been clear on this issue… It’s not a matter of if, it’s a matter of when,” White House spokesman Hogan Gidley said emphatically.

While Israel regards Jerusalem as its capital, the international community insists that the status of the city should be determined in the peace talks with the Palestinians. Several UN resolutions explicitly states that no diplomatic missions be established in Jerusalem.

The US has been considering to move its embassy to Jerusalem for two decades now. While the Jerusalem Embassy Act was passed in 1995, it has been waived every six months by US presidents since then.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 16:20| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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