フランス、ベルギーの発電所は攻撃に弱い グリンピース: ずくなしの冷や水

2017年10月11日

フランス、ベルギーの発電所は攻撃に弱い グリンピース

RT2017/10/10
‘Sword of Damocles’: French, Belgian power plants vulnerable to attacks – Greenpeace
Nuclear power plants and fuel storage facilities in France and Belgium have not been designed to face modern day attacks and are vulnerable against a backdrop of “high level” security threats in Europe, Greenpeace has warned citing a report by international experts.

Describing it as “a sword of Damocles”, specialists from France, Germany, the US and the UK said the nuclear plants are “without a doubt, a risk” in context of “very high level of threat to security in France and Europe.”
管理人注:ダモクレスの剣:https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%80%E3%83%A2%E3%82%AF%E3%83%AC%E3%82%B9

International specialists in nuclear safety, security, radioprotection and economics contributed to the report, the public summary of which was published by Greenpeace Tuesday.

Due to the highly sensitive nature of the information in the report, the full version will be submitted to French and Belgian nuclear security authorities, as well as the relevant agencies of Germany, Switzerland and Luxembourg.

The nuclear facilities could become target of malicious acts, aimed at provoking major radioactivity leakage, for example, the experts warned. Consequently, its protection should be drawn both from traditional security measures, such as intelligence, barriers and access controls and security services, as well as safety devices, such as the reactor’s containment buildings.

However, the ageing nuclear facilities – opened mostly some 40 years ago – do not correspond to modern risks which changed dramatically after the September 11 attacks on the US.

“For these historical reasons, reinforcement against heavy attacks on civil engineering works and protection systems for nuclear safety was not – or only marginally – incorporated into the design of these facilities,” the public summary reads.

“In this respect it is hard to ignore a trend toward increased access to means of action which are more and more diffuse, diversified and discreet, as well as more and more powerful, whether it be the ability to divert tools used in civil settings such as drones, trafficking light and heavy weapons, or remote means of disruption via computer networks,” the report states.

The report particularly places emphasis on spent fuel pools used to temporarily store the fuel from nuclear reactors, and which are not equipped with a solid confinement structure.

The pools are able to store several tons of radioactive fuel, equal to two or three times the volume of its reactor’s core. In the event of external aggression, the pool would lose its water and cooling, leading to leaks of radioactivity in environment.

While Belgium has only two nuclear reactors, France operates 58 facilities, which produce some 75% of the country’s electricity.

GREENPEACE
Report summary – Security of nuclear reactors (2017)

REPORT SUMMARY
“Security of nuclear reactors and spent fuel pools in France and Belgium and related reinforcement measures”

RT2017/10/12
Greenpeace activists break into French nuclear plant, set off fireworks (VIDEOS)
Greenpeace activists launched a firework display inside the grounds of a French nuclear power plant to highlight “security risks” at the facility.

Demonstrators from the environmental NGO broke into the site in the early hours of Thursday morning.

Videos shared by Greenpeace show fireworks lighting up the sky above the nuclear plant.

The organization said it wanted to draw attention to the sites and the ease with which security could be breached.

“While EDF, the operator of French nuclear power plants, claims to secure the power stations, Greenpeace France's activists point to the lack of protection of the most fragile parts of installations,” it said in a statement.

EDF Cattenom said that the activists were stopped by authorities and did not gain access to the nuclear zone. It added that the incident had no impact on safety.

Earlier this week Greenpeace France issued a report on what it describes as the “extreme fragility” of spent fuel pools which it claimed were poorly protected. It added that “people with criminal intent have shown clear signs of interest in nuclear facilities and activities,” and improvements in security were necessary to prevent this.

The report was not released to the general public but will be submitted to nuclear security authorities in France, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg and Germany.

France has 58 nuclear reactors, operated by EDF, which produce some 75% of the country’s electricity.

EDF responded to the Greenpeace report by saying that security was a priority for the company and it makes continuous investment accordingly.

Nuclear power plant manager Philippe Sasseigne told Le Parisien of plans to invest an additional €700 million in security procedures both in personnel and equipment, such as lighting, fencing and cameras.

He said that although spent fuel pools are kept outside the reactor building they still are afforded the same level of protection, against storms and floods as well as malicious acts such as terrorism.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 12:18| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故
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