リビアの対立勢力が相次いでモスクワ訪問: ずくなしの冷や水

2017年08月16日

リビアの対立勢力が相次いでモスクワ訪問

RT2017/8/16
‘We won’t surrender an inch of our land’: Marshal Haftar to RT on Libya’s statehood & arms embargo
The head of the Libyan National Army, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, has told RT he is seeking Moscow’s support in lifting the “unfair” UN arms embargo in order to procure Russian weaponry to battle terrorism, human trafficking and to fully restore Libya’s sovereignty and statehood.
In February 2011, in the wake of the Western-backed uprising against longtime Libyan leader Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, the UN Security Council imposed an arms embargo, prohibiting the supply of arms and military equipment to and from the North African country.
Following the fall and assassination of Gaddafi, varying factions have been striving to control the remnants of what's left of Libya. However, only the internationally-recognized Tripoli-based Government of the National Accord (GNA) can receive weapon supplies and only upon the approval of a UN Security Council committee.

Haftar commands the self-styled National Libyan Army, which is the main force on the ground allied with the Tobruk-based government that controls large territories in the east and south of Libya which has, so far, refused to endorse the UN-backed unity government. It therefore remains under the arms embargo and lacks supplies to engage pockets of terrorists who still ravage parts of the country.

During the Libyan strongman’s third visit to Russia, Haftar once again asked for Moscow’s help in securing military supplies.

“Russia is a global power. It is an influential figure on the international stage. That’s why we asked it to help amend the unfair restrictions against us, related to arms supply to Libya. We’ve voiced our desire honestly, and Russia said that it’ll do its best to help us,” Haftar told RT Arabic in an exclusive interview.

No concrete deals were signed during the visit, but when asked if the he had managed to secure an agreement with Moscow after his meeting with Russian defense minister Sergey Shoigu, Haftar replied that some “progress” has been made.

“I believe that we have agreed on what we need. The Russian side gave a positive response. I think that everything is going well,” Haftar said.

すごい注目度です。


RT2017/8/14
Libyan strongman Haftar visits Moscow, discusses restoration of statehood & possible military aid
Prominent Libyan military commander General Khalifa Haftar, who represents one of the major forces in the fractured country, has visited Moscow. He met top Russian officials, including the foreign and defense ministers.

Haftar is a powerful and largely independent figure in the ongoing civil conflict in the country. The veteran Libyan general, who lived for two decades in the United States, played a major role in toppling Muammar Gaddafi’s government in 2011.

At the moment, two factions claiming to be country’s national government are operating in Libya – one is based in Tripoli and the other in Tobruk in the east. Meanwhile, multiple independent and partly independent militias, as well as outright terrorist groups, including Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) are also vying for power in the war-torn country.

Since 2014, Haftar has commanded the self-styled National Libyan Army, backing the government based in Tobruk and controlling large territories in the east and south of Libya. Despite disagreements with the UN-recognized Tripoli government, Haftar’s resolve to fight terrorism has won him the support of a number of countries, primarily Egypt.

It’s the Libyan strongman's third visit to Russia. His last trip was in November 2016, when he also met the Russian foreign minister, Sergey Lavrov. This time, the officials discussed means to untangle the Libyan crisis, as well as possibilities for cooperation between Russia and Libya.

Haftar stressed the role of the National Libyan Army in the ongoing fight against terrorism, stating that “roughly 90 percent of the country was liberated,” despite the arms trade embargo and “unlimited financial and military support for terrorists.”

Lavrov warned about the constant threat of terrorism in the country and stressed the importance of seeking an inclusive political solution to the crisis.

“Unfortunately, the situation in Libya remains complicated, the extremism threat in your motherland is still not overcome. However, we are aware of the steps being undertaken and actively support the tendency… for political reconciliation, full restoration of statehood in your country,” Lavrov said.

In a separate statement, the Russian foreign ministry emphasized the importance of continued dialogue inside Libya involving “all major political forces, tribes and regions.”

RT2017/8/12
Libya’s military strongman Haftar to meet Russian FM Lavrov in Moscow
General Khalifa Haftar, the Egypt-linked Libyan military commander, is arriving in Moscow on Saturday for a series of meetings with Russian diplomatic and military figures. The general represents one of major centers of power in the divided country.

Haftar is to meet on Monday Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and possibly some senior officials from the Defense Ministry, Lev Dengov, Russian special envoy for Libya, told RIA Novosti.

“Who and under what circumstances he would meet is, so to speak, not being broadcast yet,” he explained.

It is Haftar’s third trip to Russia. The previous visit was in November 2016, when he also met Lavrov.

The general is a powerful figure in the politics of modern Libya. The country has remained in turmoil since 2011, when a NATO-backed rebellion resulted in the summary execution of long-time leader Muammar Gaddafi.

At the moment two groups claiming to be Libya’s national government operate in the country, one based in Tripoli and another one in Tobruk in the east, while independent or semi-independent militias pursue their own goals with little restraint.

Haftar, who commands the loyalty of troops that consider themselves part of the Libyan National Army, backs the government in Tobruk, but remains a largely independent player.

His fight against Islamist forces, including those aligned with Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL), won him support of a number of foreign governments despite his record of opposing a UN-recognized government in Tripoli.

The visit comes just after Haftar accused Fayez al-Sarraj, the prime minister in the Tripoli-based government, of violating the terms of a July peace deal by allowing Italian warships into Libyan territorial waters to tackle trafficking of asylum-seekers.

“Nobody can deploy military assets to our territorial waters without authorizations. It would be an invasion, and it would be our right and duty to defend ourselves, even if it means a conflict with someone much stronger than us. This applies to Italy and any other country,” Haftar told Italian newspaper Il Corriere della Sera.

He added that Sarraj had no right to authorize the presence of Italian warships near Libya without consulting him first, accusing the PM of not being true to his word.

“His problem is that it depends on the militias. He does not have a regular army like ours,” Haftar said, adding that this is why Tripoli fails to tackle the problem of people smugglers.

Commenting on his upcoming visit to Moscow, the general remarked that Russia has historical ties with Libya and has “no intention of building a military base” in the eastern part of the country, where Haftar has his power base.

Dengov said Russia is involved in mediation between Haftar and Sarraj, who visited Moscow in early March.

“Russia’s position on the issue it that we should talk to all sides of the conflict. On our part we are trying to help the parties agree and bring peace to Libya,” the Russian diplomat said.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 15:30| Comment(0) | 国際・政治
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