インドの国家安全保障顧問 とプーチンは1対手1で会った

Who is the Indian National Security Advisor and why did Putin decide to meet him one on one?
The Russian president held a surprise meeting with AK Doval, PM Modi’s most trusted foreign and domestic aide
The recent one-on-one meeting between India’s National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Kumar Doval and Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow underscored the growing stature of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s key resource for troubleshooting both back home and in key foreign capitals.

Putin took some foreign policy experts by surprise by making time to meet with Doval, India’s fifth NSA and a retired Intelligence Bureau (IB) chief. Their hour-long meeting took place on the sidelines of an Afghanistan conference, organized under the aegis of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Doval is only the second Indian NSA to have had an individual meeting with the Russian president. The first such meeting was the inaugural NSA Brajesh Mishra, back in 2001. Of all Indian high-ranking officials, only Prime Ministers have ever had direct meetings with Putin. Even the country’s External Affairs Ministers have been excluded, including the incumbent Subrahmanyam Jaishankar.
Doval’s claim to fame
Doval retired as the IB chief in 2005, having only served in that capacity for 18 months, prior to the introduction of a compulsory two-year tenure for the post. He then founded a nationalistic think-tank, Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF). In 2014, he became NSA after Prime Minister Narendra Modi was elected.

Soon after, Doval hit the headlines. In June that year, he negotiated the release of 46 Indian nurses who were trapped in a hospital in Tikrit, Iraq, which was reeling under an Islamic State (IS) onslaught. On July 5, 2014, the nurses were brought back to India. The success of the operation was among the first of his achievements as NSA, which marked his rise to power and influence.
A lifelong counter-insurgent

Born in India’s state of Uttarakhand – which was then part of the United Provinces in pre-Independent India – Doval joined the Indian Police Service in 1968. He played a prominent role in anti-insurgency operations in Mizoram and Punjab throughout the late 1970s and 1980s.

Doval was one of the key figures in gathering intelligence for “Operation Blue Star” to eliminate Khalistani, or Sikh, militancy in 1984. He went to Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) in 1990 and convinced hardline militants to become counter-insurgents, which set the stage for holding polls in the troubled border state in 1996.

At the end of 1999, Doval as Additional Director in the IB, was one of the three negotiators for the release of 155 passengers from Indian Airlines Flight 814, hijacked in Taliban-controlled Kandahar. The seven-day hostage drama was masterminded by Pakistani terror group Jaish-e-Mohammed, and Doval accused Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence of supporting the hijacking. Besides this incident, he has successfully resolved at least 14 other hijackings of Indian aircraft since 1971.
Doval’s meteoric rise

Doval is an ultra-nationalist with a subdued work style and a no-nonsense approach to what India perceives as security threats – and his threat perception is fully in line with the Modi government’s. The imprint of Doval’s strategic vision was in the public domain long before he became NSA.

In a 2011 paper titled ‘Internal Security: Need for Course Correction’, Doval wrote, “The 26/11 terrorist action at Mumbai depicted a new order of lethality in Pakistan’s unabated covert offensive against India. For almost three decades, India has passively accepted such provocations. It has failed to retaliate in a proactive manner that could raise costs for Pakistan and compel it to roll back its anti-India terrorist infrastructure. India ceded the strategic and tactical initiative to Pakistan some three decades ago and needs a course correction before it poses an existential threat.”

No wonder his views have resonated with those of Modi, who made him one of his key confidants in the neighborhood policy watch – from Myanmar in the north-east to Pakistan and China at the western and northern frontiers, respectively – coupled with New Delhi’s relentless fight against cross-border terrorism and internal security threats.

Doval headed a successful military operation in Myanmar in 2015, along with the then-Indian Army Chief General Dalbir Singh Suhag, against the proscribed National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) militants.

India’s recent cross-border attacks into Pakistani territory – the 2016 “surgical strike” on militants’ launch pads and the 2019 airstrikes on alleged terrorist training camps – were conducted under Doval’s supervision. He also helped end the Doklam stand-off between Indian defense forces and China’s People’s Liberation Army in 2017.

He is known to have spent seven years in Pakistan gathering intelligence on active militant groups.
India’s most powerful bureaucrat

In October 2018, the Modi administration decided to revive the Strategic Policy Group – an agency tasked with advising the PM on matters of national security and strategic interest – with Doval as its chairman. The group was tasked with assisting the National Security Council and helping with a long-term strategic defense review. The move made Doval the most powerful bureaucrat in India since 1998 when the NSA post was created.

The group has become the main mechanism for inter-ministerial coordination in forming national security policies and his uninterrupted access to the PM makes him much more powerful than many of the ministers in the Modi cabinet.

In 2019, Doval was reappointed as NSA for five more years and given a Cabinet rank in the second term of the Modi-led National Democratic Alliance government.
Wooing foreign powers

In their book, ‘Spy Stories: Inside the Secret World of the RAW and the ISI’, British journalists, Adrian Levy and Cathy Scott-Clark, describe how India’s security infrastructure became more flexible and sensitive under Doval’s watch. “The perception game and narrative control became far more sophisticated, selling the story of India to foreign partners,” they said.

“Under Doval, foreign powers traditionally suspicious of India were wooed... When to fight, and how to fight, and who would read about it were all indices in Doval's calculations,” they added.

It is estimated that the Doval Doctrine has been a success in containing internal security challenges in J&K. The average lifespan of a hardened separatist after appearing on the defense forces’ radar has been reduced to only 4-12 weeks from an earlier estimate of six months to two years.
A nationalist ‘hawk’ with unbridled taste for power

Several columnists, defense analysts and Doval’s former colleagues have branded him a hawk. He has also been criticized for deliberately pushing hard-line nationalism in tune with the policy of India’s ruling right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party and the influence of which is being felt in its foreign policy. His statements on Pakistan and China, in particular, have been cited as India’s “muscular Hindutva narrative”.
Doval has also been called out for his vaulting ambition. Amarjit Singh Dulat, who headed India’s espionage agency, the Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW) between 1999 and 2000, recently told The Wire in an interview that “Ajit (Doval) is very good at sniffing power and yeah, he tries to stay on the right side. He would stay on the right side. But I won’t say that he doesn’t have his preferences. That’s why I said he has never possibly been happier in his career than he is today because he and Modi are just made for each other.”

He has often drawn flak from his detractors for his purported disregard for conflict management and alleged human rights violations. He has been accused of being quick on the draw in ordering the elimination of separatists posing internal security challenges in parts of India, including J&K, which has been a victim of cross-border terrorism by non-state actors from neighboring Pakistan.

However, he has also found praise from unexpected quarters and high places.
Pompeo’s praise

Doval’s prominent role in foreign policy was emphasized by former US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. In his book, ‘Never Give an Inch: Fighting for the America I Love’, he recalls Doval’s general acceptance from Washington to Moscow.

Pompeo, who was the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Director in the Trump administration from 2017 to 2018 and then served as the Secretary of State from 2018 to 2021, wrote: “On the Indian side, my original counterpart was not an important player on the Indian foreign policy team. Instead, I worked much more closely with NSA Ajit Doval, a close and trusted confidant of PM Narendra Modi.”
Unscripted diplomacy

Official information about the substance of Putin and Doval’s conversation is mostly limited to generic statements that the two “had wide-ranging discussions on bilateral and regional issues” and “agreed to continue work towards implementing the India-Russia special and privileged strategic partnership”.

It is significant, however, that the meeting came close on the heels of Doval’s visits to Washington and London, which are leading the Western coalition to support Ukraine against Russia’s military operation. It is believed that Doval and Putin’s talks went beyond the strategic ties between Russia and India, as the NSA purportedly briefed the Russian leader about the mood in Washington and London, according to an official in the Ministry of External Affairs.

India, while having no direct stake in the Russia-Ukraine conflict, has to tread the middle ground between its partnerships with Russia and the US, at the same time seeking a more prominent global role for itself as the leading voice of the Global South. The rare one-on-one chat between the Russian president and one of New Delhi’s most influential figures, coupled with the latter’s preceding tour of the “other camp” in Washington, could be indicative of India’s attempts to carve out recognition and influence that would come by playing a role in ending year-long conflict that has been rocking global politics.

Russia, on the other hand, wants to maintain and further develop its partnerships after the sanctions and restrictions effectively cut it off from much of the Western markets. The Putin-Doval meeting, besides whatever its more practical implications may be, can be seen as a sign of special trust. As a former KGB officer, Putin may feel a greater degree of kinship with Doval, an added bonus to the sheer practicality of having a direct line with Modi’s most trusted aide. Their surprise meeting indicates that both understand the importance of unscripted diplomacy at a time when the US bid to solidify a unipolar world structure is being resisted by Moscow, Beijing and the Global South.















彼らの著書「Spy Stories: 英国人ジャーナリストのエイドリアン・レヴィとキャシー・スコット・クラークは、著書『スパイ・ストーリーズ:RAWとISIの秘密の世界の内側』で、ドバルの監視下でインドの安全保障インフラがより柔軟で繊細になったことを紹介しています。"知覚ゲームと物語コントロールははるかに洗練され、外国のパートナーにインドの物語を売り込むようになった "と彼らは述べています。



また、ドバルはその高飛車な野心も指摘されている。1999年から2000年にかけてインドの諜報機関R&AWを率いたアマルジット・シン・デュラトは、最近The Wireのインタビューに対し、「アジト(ドヴァル)は権力を嗅ぎ分けるのが得意で、そう、彼は正しい側にいようとする。彼は右側にいるはずです。しかし、彼に好みがないとは言いません。だから、彼のキャリアの中で、今日ほど幸せだったことはないだろうと言ったんだ。"彼とモディは、まさに相性がいいんだ"。









posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:48| Comment(0) | 国際・政治


Stop ‘smearing’ China with lab leak narrative, Beijing tells US
The Chinese Foreign Ministry slammed the “intelligence” findings of the US Department of Energy
Washington should stop politicizing the origins of Covid-19 and “smearing” China with claims that the pandemic escaped from a laboratory, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Mao Ning told reporters on Monday.

“The origins-tracing of SARS-CoV-2 is about science and should not be politicized,” Mao said, responding to AFP’s question about claims made in the American press. The Wall Street Journal reported on Sunday that the US Department of Energy had reviewed “new intelligence” suggesting that the virus behind Covid-19 did not originate in nature.

“China has always supported and participated in global science-based origins-tracing,” Mao told reporters.

The “science-based, authoritative conclusion reached by the experts of the WHO-China joint mission after field trips to the lab in Wuhan and in-depth communication with researchers” was that the laboratory origin is “considered to be extremely unlikely,” she noted, adding that this conclusion “was accurately recorded in the mission’s report and has received extensive recognition from the international community.”

Certain parties should stop rehashing the “lab leak” narrative, stop smearing China and stop politicizing origins-tracing.

The first reports of the virus came from Wuhan, the capital of China’s Hubei province, and home to the prominent virology institute. A US nonprofit called EcoHealth Alliance was using funding from the US National Institutes of Health to research bat coronaviruses at the Wuhan Institute of Virology. Critics have suggested this research amounted to a dangerous “gain-of-function” manipulation of the virus, which EcoHealth and NIH have denied.

Almost three years since Covid-19 was declared a pandemic, the question of where the virus arose and how remains unresolved. The natural origin hypothesis is that the virus evolved in animals and crossed to humans somehow. Proponents of the “lab leak” theory have pointed out that no host species or “patient zero” have been found to support this.

Meanwhile, the White House has sought to distance itself from the DoE leaks to the Wall Street Journal. National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan noted that the reported conclusions were labeled “low confidence” and that other US intelligence agencies have not yet weighed in.

At this time, Sullivan told CNN on Sunday, “there is not a definitive answer that has emerged from the intelligence community on this question.”










Two Leading Virologists Appear to Have Been Bought off to Shut Up About Lab Leak Theory

Dr. @MartyMakary
: "Two leading virologists ... told Dr. Fauci on his emergency call in January of 2020 when he was scrambling soon after learning that the NIH was funding the lab. They both said that it was likely from the lab. Both scientists changed their tunes days later in the media. And then both scientists received $9 million subsequent in funding from the NIH."2人の主要なウイルス学者が買収されて、ラボリーク理論について口を閉ざしたようです
博士 @MartyMakary:二人の有力なウイルス学者......ファウチ博士が2020年1月、NIHが研究所に資金提供していることを知った直後、奔走していた時の緊急電話で、博士にこう言った。二人とも「研究室からだろう」と言っていた。両科学者は数日後、マスコミの取材で態度を変えた。そして、両科学者はその後NIHから900万ドルの資金提供を受けた。

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 21:55| Comment(0) | Covid19

ブリンケンは言っていないことを言ったと発言 すべてがこの調子

「米政権の信じられない行動」ザハロワ報道官 ブリンケン米国務長官の発言についてコメント

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 19:45| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

イラン 世界で 2 番目に大きいリチウム鉱床

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 18:16| Comment(0) | 国際・政治


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 15:46| Comment(0) | 社会・経済




posted by ZUKUNASHI at 13:36| Comment(0) | Covid19


US leads Ukraine war planning drills
The Pentagon claims it is not a party to the conflict despite providing weapons, training, intelligence and strategic combat decision expertise
The US military is overseeing war games to train up Ukrainian officers, with the Pentagon saying the exercises will help commanders make better decisions on the battlefield, even as top officials insist Washington plays no role in Kiev’s war planning.

The table-top exercises kicked off this week at a US Army base in Wiesbaden, Germany and are set to continue for several days. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Mark Milley, an Army general, traveled to the base on Thursday, where he attempted to downplay the American role in comments to reporters.

“No one is sitting there telling the Ukrainians, go left or go right or do this or do that. That is not the job of the international community,” he said. “All we're doing is setting up the framework and the mechanics to allow the Ukrainians to self-learn, to learn against a situation, or various scenarios.”

While officials declined to provide further details about the scenarios presented to the Ukrainian officers, Reuters reported that they would involve “thought exercises to evaluate potential military courses of action.”

The latest drills follow another round of US-led combined-arms training for Ukrainian troops elsewhere in Germany, who received instruction on a variety of American-made weapons, including Bradley Fighting Vehicles supplied in previous arms packages to Kiev.

Moscow has repeatedly warned against such training and weapons shipments, arguing they only prolong the fighting and make a diplomatic settlement impossible. On Thursday, former Russian President and current deputy chair of the Russian Security Council, Dmitry Medvedev, said that Washington and its allies must be treated as direct parties to the conflict if, “in addition to supplying weapons, they train personnel to operate them.”

“Everyone who made the decision to deliver those weapons or repair them, along with foreign mercenaries and military trainers, ought to be considered legitimate military targets,” he said, adding that the provision of Western warplanes to Kiev would also constitute a major ‘red line’ for Russia.

Despite tens of billions of dollars in weapons donated to Ukrainian forces, multiple training programs hosted by the US military, and Western intelligence support offered to Kiev, American officials continue to insist Washington is not a participant in the conflict. Denying Moscow’s accusations that US forces have supplied intelligence for recent attacks inside Russian territory, Pentagon spokesman Pat Ryder claimed on Thursday that “we are not at war with Russia, nor do we seek war with Russia.”







posted by ZUKUNASHI at 13:24| Comment(0) | ウクライナ


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 13:16| Comment(0) | コロナ・ワクチン後遺症


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 11:28| Comment(0) | 国際・政治


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 11:20| Comment(0) | 国際・政治


彼は、何年も前のミュンヘン首脳会議で、NATO に関する懸念を表明しました。


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:55| Comment(0) | 国際・政治








posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:57| Comment(0) | 健康・病気


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:45| Comment(0) | 国際・政治



posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:28| Comment(0) | 健康・病気


元 NATO 当局者@ehunterchristieが、ウクライナ人を「戦略的」大砲の餌食として使用するというケロッグの「強力な」メッセージを支持していることは驚きではありません。

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:13| Comment(0) | 国際・政治


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 08:38| Comment(0) | ウクライナ

Twitterは米国から「国家が支援するブラックリスト」を受け取った - Matt Taibbi

Twitter received ‘state sponsored blacklists’ from US – Matt Taibbi
A State Department-funded entity pushed the social media platform to ban users for spreading “disinformation”
The US State Department, both directly and through third-party organizations, pressed Twitter to censor American users for their non-existent connections to Russia, China, and Hindu nationalism, according to internal documents.

Published by journalist Matt Taibbi on Thursday, the latest ‘Twitter Files’ reveal that Twitter’s former trust and safety chief, Yoel Roth, was approached in 2021 and given a list of 40,000 accounts suspected of engaging in “inauthentic behavior” in support of India’s Bharatiya Janata Party.

The list was provided by the ‘Digital Forensics Research Lab’ at the Atlantic Council, a think tank funded by the US State Department’s ‘Global Engagement Center’ (GEC), as well as a host of NATO governments and weapons manufacturers.

According to the files, Roth investigated the list and found that “virtually all appear to be real people” rather than Indian bots, while Taibbi contacted several and learned that they were “ordinary Americans” with no connection whatsoever to Indian politics.

Created in the final year of the Obama administration, the GEC is a State Department entity that works with multiple US intelligence agencies to “counter foreign disinformation.” It is forbidden from operating within the United States, and recently had to cut its ties with a George Soros-backed NGO that was using its funding to target American conservative news sites.

While the list of supposed Hindu nationalists was given to Twitter via the Atlantic Council, the GEC directly passed other lists to the social media platform, including 500 accounts that were allegedly spreading Iranian “disinformation,” and 5,500 “Chinese accounts” engaged in “state-backed coordinated manipulation,” despite the fact that this latter list included multiple Western government accounts and at least three CNN employees.

Roth described the Chinese list as “a total crock,” while fellow employee Aaron Rodericks said it provided “more entertainment value than anything.”

The GEC and its organizations tangentially connected to the State Department – such as the infamous ‘Alliance for Securing Democracy’ that published the ‘Hamilton68’ dashboard of “Russian bots” – had long pressed Twitter to crack down on allegedly Kremlin-connected accounts, but Roth told staff that it was impossible to detect “Russian fingerprints” on any of the accounts.

Instead, accounts that retweeted “news sources linked to Russia” were considered Kremlin-sponsored. One list handed to Twitter by the GEC considered membership in France’s anti-government ‘Yellow Vests’ movement as “being Russia-aligned.”

While Twitter’s executives may have been skeptical of the GEC’s ‘blacklists’, the US media was not. Emails show that multiple news outlets and agencies – including the Associated Press – would receive reports from the organization, and then press Twitter to take action and ban the listed accounts.

“Reauthorization for GEC’s funding is up for a vote this year,” Taibbi wrote on Twitter on Thursday. “Can we at least stop paying to blacklist ourselves?”
Twitterは米国から「国家が支援するブラックリスト」を受け取った - Matt Taibbi
国務省が出資する団体が、"偽情報 "を拡散したユーザーを追放するようソーシャルメディアプラットフォームを後押しした。

ジャーナリストのMatt Taibbiが木曜日に公開した最新の「Twitter Files」は、Twitterの元信頼・安全主任のYoel Rothが2021年に打診を受け、インドのBharatiya Janata Partyを支持する「不正な行動」を行った疑いのあるアカウント4万件のリストを渡されたことを明らかにしています。






GECと国務省に関係する組織(「ロシアのボット」のダッシュボード「Hamilton68」を公表した悪名高い「Alliance for Securing Democracy」など)は、クレムリンとつながりがあるとされるアカウントを取り締まるようTwitterに長い間圧力をかけていたが、ロスはスタッフに、どのアカウントからも「ロシアの指紋」を見つけることは不可能である、と述べた。




posted by ZUKUNASHI at 08:03| Comment(0) | 国際・政治


Ex-Russian president names ‘red line’ for direct war with NATO
Training Ukrainians on Western weapons qualifies, said Dmitry Medvedev after the Bryansk attack
Canadian and German troops teaching Ukrainians how to use Leopard tanks already qualifies as participation in the conflict, but sending fighter jets to Poland would mean “direct entry,” former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev said on Thursday.

Medvedev, who is also deputy chair of the Russian Security Council, warned the US and its allies that they can be treated as parties to the conflict “if, in addition to supplying weapons, they train personnel to operate them,” citing legal precedents from the early 20th century.

Tank training on EU territory already applies, Medvedev noted on Telegram, but if that expands to fighter jets based somewhere in Poland, “that would be direct entry of the Atlanticists into war against Russia, with all the consequences that entails.”

Everyone who made the decision to deliver those weapons or repair them, along with foreign mercenaries and military trainers, ought to be considered legitimate military targets.

According to Medvedev, only fear of this has so far restrained the “infantile” West from giving airplanes and long-range weapons to Kiev, though he predicted their desire to destroy Russia would prevail before long.

While the US, NATO and the EU talk about the “freedom-loving people of Ukraine,” Thursday’s attack on Russia’s Bryansk Region shows that they are supporting “Nazi bastards, terrorist scum who attack civilians,” Medvedev said.

“These are your proteges, Mr. Sunak, Macron, Scholz and Biden!” he wrote, addressing the leaders of the UK, France, Germany, and US. “And our attitude towards you is now the same as towards them. Your countries are now participants in the terrorist acts of the Ukrainian regime, and you are direct accomplices of terrorists.”

Though the West considered him a “liberal” during his 2008-2012 presidency, Medvedev has been blunt and outspoken about the military operation in Ukraine since it was launched in February 2022. Just last month, he warned the US that its talk about “strategic defeat” means Russia now sees the conflict as existential.

A group of Ukrainian soldiers crossed the border into Russia on Thursday morning, attacking two villages and shooting up a car with civilians inside. Russian President Vladimir Putin condemned the “terrorist attack” and vowed to punish the perpetrators.








posted by ZUKUNASHI at 07:38| Comment(0) | 国際・政治


Blinken and Lavrov meet at G20
In their first face-to-face encounter in more than a year, the US’ top diplomat asked his Russian counterpart to return to a nuclear treaty
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov met on the sidelines of the G20 summit in New Delhi on Thursday. Blinken said he urged Russia to return to the New START arms control treaty, but Moscow has already insisted that Washington’s “hybrid war” on Russia makes serious discussions impossible.

The two diplomats met for around ten minutes. Russian Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman Maria Zakharova told reporters that Blinken “asked for contact” with Lavrov. However, the brief encounter was conducted on the fly and could not be considered “negotiations,” she added.

In his own press conference after the meeting, Blinken said that he reaffirmed the US’ support for Ukraine, raised the possibility of a prisoner exchange for jailed American Paul Whelan, and “urged Russia to reverse its irresponsible decision and return to implementing the New START treaty.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law this week to suspend the treaty, which was the last remaining nuclear arms agreement between the US and Russia. The treaty placed limits on the number of deployed missiles, bombers, launchers, and warheads each side could possess, and allowed both countries to inspect each others’ nuclear sites.

Earlier this week, Russia’s ambassador to the US, Anatoly Antonov, said that “Washington must reconsider its hostile anti-Russian policy” before Moscow would contemplate a return to the agreement. Given that the US has “launched and dragged its European allies into a large-scale hybrid war against Russia,” and insists on inspecting the same Russian bases that its Ukrainian proxies are attacking “with the help of the Pentagon,” the deal would remain suspended.

Antonov also accused the US of violating the treaty long before Russia’s withdrawal, while Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said a day later that Washington’s actions prior to the outbreak of conflict in Ukraine – which included rejecting all of Russia’s security requests – showed that “they were not ready to talk about anything with us.”

The US has also accused Russia of breaching the treaty by preventing American inspectors from traveling to its bases.

Blinken and Lavrov last met in Geneva last January, and spoke by phone in July. Throughout the intervening time, Blinken has maintained that the US will keep up its military support for Ukraine “for as long as it takes,” and Lavrov said in January that a subsequent message he received from Blinken offered no “serious proposals” for resolving the conflict.

The US has for a long time been “in favor of the escalation of conflicts,” Zakharova said on Thursday. “Diplomacy, unfortunately, has been relegated to the background.”


ブリンケン氏は会談後の自身の記者会見で、米国のウクライナ支援を再確認し、収監中の米国人ポール・ウィラン氏の囚人交換の可能性を提起し、"ロシアに無責任な決定を撤回し、新START条約の履行に戻るよう促した "と述べた。



アントノフ氏はまた、ロシアが撤退するずっと前から米国が条約に違反していると非難し、クレムリンのドミトリー・ペスコフ報道官はその翌日、ウクライナ紛争勃発前のワシントンの行動(ロシアの安全保障に関する要求をすべて拒否するなど)は、"彼らは我々と何も話す準備ができていなかった "ということを示したと述べた。



posted by ZUKUNASHI at 07:28| Comment(0) | 国際・政治


Japanese company sued for modern slavery
Ecuador has indicted three Furukawa executives for human trafficking for the purpose of labor exploitation
Executives of a Japanese banana harvesting company are facing legal action in Ecuador for allegedly practicing modern slavery. This comes after the firm was ordered last month to compensate former workers and their families for generations of exploitation.

On Monday, an Ecuadorian court formally announced charges of human trafficking and labor exploitation against three senior employees of Furukawa Plantaciones C.A., a Japanese entity that markets and exports abaca, a banana species used to make tea bags, rope, paper, and banknotes.

The three are also being accused of child and adolescent labor violations.

The lawsuit marks the first time the South American nation has ever indicted a company and its executives for practicing modern slavery. The judge presiding over the case, Susana Sotomayor, stressed the significance of the indictments, noting that several government ministries had tried to intervene in the lawsuit before it went to trial.

“I ask myself: what was the involvement of the public institutions before the beginning of the criminal process?” asked Sotomayor, stating that the country’s government is supposed to protect its citizens. The issue of the government’s potential involvement in the labor exploitation scheme is set to be addressed in a separate trial.

Furukawa, which has operated in Ecuador for almost 60 years, was first brought into the spotlight in 2018 when the Ecuadorian ombudsman office published a report accusing the company of providing its employees with “subhuman” housing conditions, employing adolescent and child labor, and disregarding labor rights.

It was also revealed that many plantation workers had to pay out of their own pocket for equipment such as machetes and gloves, as well as medicine and healthcare, while barely making enough to cover the cost of food.

Last month, a court found that the Furukawa workers, many of whom are Afro-Ecuadorian, had suffered racial discrimination and were victims of servitude. The company was ordered to pay out compensation to 123 employees.

The company along with several government ministries were also ordered to issue an apology in local media and on their websites, listing all 123 workers by name.

Furukawa has yet to issue a comment on the lawsuit, but Marcelo Almeida, the ex-head of Furukawa in Ecuador, had previously insisted that he was unaware of any violations on the plantations. He explained that Furukawa had rented out land to contract workers and that it was they who were responsible for the laborers’ living conditions.

月曜日、エクアドルの裁判所は、ティーバッグ、ロープ、紙、紙幣の製造に使われるバナナの一種であるアバカを販売・輸出する日本企業、Furukawa Plantaciones C.A. の上級社員3人に対して人身売買と労働搾取の容疑を正式に発表しました。



"私は自問する。刑事手続きの開始前に公的機関の関与はどうだったのか "と。ソトマヨールは、国の政府は国民を守るのが仕事だと述べている。労働搾取スキームへの政府の関与の可能性の問題は、別の裁判で取り上げられることになっています。

エクアドルで約60年にわたり事業を展開してきたFurukawa Plantaciones C.A.は、2018年にエクアドルのオンブズマン事務所が、同社が従業員に「人間以下」の住環境を与え、青年・児童労働を雇用し、労働権を無視していると非難する報告書を発表し、初めて脚光を浴びることになりました。




古河電工はこの訴訟についてまだコメントを発表していないが、エクアドルのFurukawa Plantaciones C.A.の元責任者であるマルセロ・アルメイダは、以前、農園での違反行為について知らなかったと主張している。彼は、Furukawa Plantaciones C.A.は契約労働者に土地を貸しており、労働者の生活環境に責任を持つのは彼らであると説明した。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 07:06| Comment(0) | 国際・政治