ウクライナ情勢が急展開か 2022/6/7 ウクライナ兵士が川を泳いで逃げる

Kiev being pressed into concessions to Moscow – Zelensky
People worldwide are growing “war-weary” and pressure on the country is mounting, Ukrainian president has claimed
War-weariness over the ongoing conflict between Moscow and Kiev is growing worldwide, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky admitted on Monday. Therefore, “people want some kind of result for themselves” and the pressure on the country to reach any kind of peaceful resolution to the hostilities is growing, he claimed.

“Of course, everyone wants to push us a little towards some kind of result, definitely unfavorable to us, because they don’t ask us yet, but it’s beneficial for certain parties that have their own interests, both financial, and political ones,” Zelensky told reporters.

He did not elaborate on exactly which parties have been putting pressure on Ukraine to reach a peace deal with Moscow. The president himself, as well as other top Ukrainian officials, have repeatedly ruled out any possibility of territorial concessions to Russia, vowing to reclaim all of the country’s territory.
彼は、どの当事者がモスクワとの和平協定に達するようにウクライナに圧力をかけているのかについて正確に詳しく述べなかった。 大統領自身と他のウクライナの高官は、ロシアへの領土譲歩の可能性を繰り返し否定し、国のすべての領土を取り戻すことを誓いました。

US accuses Russia of profiteering – NYT
American diplomats have claimed Russia is seeking buyers for plundered Ukrainian grain, according to the NYT
The United States has accused the Kremlin of trying to profit from plundered Ukrainian grain by selling it to drought-stricken countries in Africa, the New York Times reported on Sunday.

According to the newspaper, in mid-May, the US warned 14 countries, mostly in Africa, that Russian cargo vessels were leaving ports near Ukraine laden with what a State Department cable described as “stolen Ukrainian grain.”

Moscow explains stance on peacekeepers in Ukraine
A peacekeeping mission by the Russia-led CSTO bloc could be possible once the hostilities are over, a top Russian MP has said

A peacekeeping mission of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) could eventually be deployed in the “liberated” regions of Ukraine, the head of Russia’s State Duma Defense Committee Andrey Kartapolov said Monday.

“It cannot be ruled out that peacekeepers from the CSTO countries will be needed in the liberated territories of Ukraine, as well as the Donetsk and Lugansk People’s Republics,” Kartapolov told reporters.

The CSTO is a Moscow-led regional security organization, which brings together six post-Soviet countries: Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan. Earlier this year, the bloc’s peacekeepers were briefly deployed in Kazakhstan after the country’s authorities requested assistance from the CSTO amid a wave of violent unrest.

Moscow is “unlikely to agree that some NATO countries would try to creep in there under the guise of peacekeeping,” the official stressed. Still, it’s too early to talk about a peacekeeping mission while the hostilities between Moscow and Kiev are ongoing, but “different variants may be possible at the post-conflict stage,” Kartapolov continued.

Biden declares US energy emergency
The nation’s ability to provide sufficient electricity is under threat, partly because of Russia-Ukraine conflict, president says

US President Joe Biden has blamed Russia for another crisis, saying his country might not be able to generate enough electricity to meet consumer demand. He partially blamed the ongoing conflict in Ukraine.

Bidendeclared an energy emergency on Monday, saying national security and quality of life are jeopardized by potential shortfalls in power supplies. He invoked the Defense Production Act – originally part of an industrial mobilization effort in response to the Korean War – to spur domestic production of solar panels and other forms of “clean” energy to boost power supplies.

“Multiple factors are threatening the ability of the United States to provide sufficient electricity generation to serve expected customer demand,” Biden said in his emergency declaration. “These factors include disruptions of energy markets caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and extreme weather events exacerbated by climate change.”


Ukrainian ‘barrier troops’ blow up bridge to prevent retreat – Russian MoD
Despite the blockage, some 80 Ukrainian soldiers trapped in the town of Svyatogorsk managed to escape Russian troops by swimming

Ukrainian military is using barrier troops, a discipline-keeping unit comprising hardcore nationalists, to prevent other units from retreating, Russian military claims.

On Monday, Ukrainian barrier troops blew up a road bridge in the town of Svaytogorsk in the northern part of the Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR), Defense Ministry spokesman Major General Igor Konashenkov said during a media briefing. The move left Ukrainian military units, namely “remnants of the battalions of the 95th Airborne Assault Brigade and the 81st Separate Airborne Brigade” trapped in the town.
“Cut off from the main forces and supply lines due to the destruction of the bridge, [the troops] abandoned military equipment and their weaponry and scattered along the bank” of the Seversky Donets river, Konashenkov said.
Up to 80 Ukrainian servicemen crossed the river by swimming. Russian soldiers have knowingly not opened fire on them.
Konashenkov commended the retreat of the Ukrainian soldiers, stating it was the right thing to do and save their lives instead of “defending the useless Kiev regime.”
“We call on all military personnel and members of the territorial defense units of Ukraine to follow this example and stop thoughtless resistance in order to save their lives,” the official added.
Ukraine has, so far, not offered any comment on the developments in Svyatogorsk as claimed by the Russian military.




Ukrainian victory not in the cards – former top US official
The US and its allies should persuade Ukraine to negotiate with Russia, Hugh De Santis says

Ukraine won’t be able to win against Russia, and the US must persuade Kiev to negotiate with Moscow to end the conflict, Hugh De Santis, who oversaw NATO and arms control policy planning in the Reagan administration, has insisted.

Defeating the Russian forces on the battlefield and restoring Ukraine’s territorial integrity, including taking back Crimea, “would be condign punishment for Russia’s unprovoked invasion,” De Santis wrote in his opinion piece for The National Interest magazine on Saturday.

“But would it be worth the cost of more carnage in Ukraine, the possibility of a wider war in which chemical or tactical nuclear weapons might be used, further disruption of the world economy, and renewed European polarization?” he asked.

According to the former State Department official, the answer to that question is negative.

“A Ukrainian military victory is not in the cards, and a negotiated outcome is the only realistic goal,” he insisted.

Because of this, “the US and its allies must persuade Kiev to bring this war to an end, including by imposing limits on further military aid as leverage,” De Santis suggested.

Washington has been actively backing Kiev during the conflict, supplying it with weapons, funds and intelligence. In May, US President Joe Biden approved a $40 billion aid package for Ukraine.

President Volodymyr Zelensky and “his advocates in Eastern Europe and the Baltic states” should come to terms with the fact that Ukraine will become a neutral state and that it would have to hand over the Donbass and Crimea to Russia for the peace talks to be successful, he pointed out.

Current high-ranking US and EU officials have also recently identified negotiations as the preferred outcome of the conflict as Russian forces continue their steady advance in the Donbass.

Last week, the chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Mark Milley, said that “a negotiated outcome is a logical choice, but both sides have to come to that conclusion on their own.”
米国と同盟国はウクライナにロシアと交渉するよう説得すべきだ、とHugh De Santisは言う。


戦場でロシア軍を倒し、クリミアの奪還を含むウクライナの領土保全を回復することは、「ロシアのいわれのない侵略に対する容赦ない罰となるだろう」と、デサンティス氏は土曜日のThe National Interest誌に寄稿している。








先週、米統合参謀本部議長のマーク・ミルリー将軍は、"交渉による結果は論理的な選択だが、双方は自分たちでその結論に至らなければならない "と述べている。

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 21:57| Comment(0) | ウクライナ

ウクライナに関連した各種情報 5

高性能の重火器を使うのは、ウクライナ軍兵士やテロリストですから、米国の手が及ばないところで使われます。ロシアは、それらで自国の都市を攻撃した場合は、西側のdecision centerを攻撃するとしています。米国は危険なことをやっています。

Top Ukrainian adviser suggests alternative to mobilization
Able-bodied men could pay the state to legally leave Ukraine, the official has suggested
Ukrainians who are eligible for military service should be allowed to leave the country in defiance of an active travel ban – if they can pay several thousand dollars, an Interior Ministry adviser suggested on Monday.

Most male Ukrainians aged between 18 and 60 cannot legally travel outside their homeland due to martial law.

The adviser, Viktor Andrusiv, said Ukraine needed to mobilize “several hundred thousand soldiers” to fight Russia. However, the current near-total ban on leaving the country for those subject to mobilization was a bad policy, he added.

“I suggest introducing an insurance payment, for example $3,000 to $5,000. And free passage for those who pay,” he wrote on social media.

Although he used different terms, the mechanism Andrusiv described appears similar to bail, assuming that the money would be paid back to those who return to Ukraine.







Lavrov rejects rumors of Putin’s worsening health
Russian President makes public appearances on a daily basis, Foreign Minister noted

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 20:11| Comment(1) | ウクライナ


US military biolaboratories create system of dependence on US, Duma Deputy Speaker says
In fact, Washington is creating a mass network of managing the number of people residing in various countries, Irina Yarovaya stressed

MOSCOW, June 6. /TASS/. The US is practically creating a network of managing population numbers in various countries and making other states dependent on it by using military biological laboratories worldwide, Russian State Duma Deputy Speaker Irina Yarovaya who co-chairs a parliamentary commission on the investigation into the operations of biological laboratories in Ukraine said on Monday.

"Those military laboratories that the US is creating nowadays worldwide are a new system of the entire world’s dependence on the US, only in a more dangerous aspect - in the capability of preserving, saving lives. In fact, the US is creating a mass network of managing the number of people residing in various countries," the deputy speaker said following the commission’s meeting.

She stressed that Russia’s efforts nowadays are directed at "literally forcing the US to interact with other countries" within the framework of the Biological Weapons Convention as well as to make all procedures transparent. "This is the task that is designated to resolve the most important issue - to free all peoples and countries from the real threat that is being created in the US military biological laboratories," she added.

The Duma deputy speaker also reiterated that US Under Secretary of State Victoria Nuland is not responding to an invitation to participate in a meeting of the parliamentary commission on the investigation into the operations of US biological laboratories in Ukraine. She emphasized that the commission views this silence as a "confirmation of the United States state structures’ improper activity in a military biological project on Ukrainian soil.".






posted by ZUKUNASHI at 19:51| Comment(0) | ウクライナ


Japan warns Ukrainians against adult entertainment jobs
Some Ukrainians have been “working at certain types of establishments they’re not allowed to,” according to the justice minister
Ukrainian refugees who have fled to Japan from the conflict with Russia have been warned that their visas don’t allow them to work in adult entertainment establishments, according to Japanese Justice Minister Yoshihisa Furukawa.

“There have been cases in which evacuees [from Ukraine] have been reported to be working at certain types of establishments they are not allowed” to work at, Furukawa explained, following a Cabinet meeting on Friday.

These ‘establishments’ include hostess clubs, bars and other adult entertainment venues in Japan, the minister clarified. The Immigration Services Agency has already sent written notifications to Ukrainian refugees informing them that their visas don’t allow them to take jobs that are covered by the adult entertainment law, he said.

The evacuees are allowed to switch their visa status to be able to stay in Japan for a year, but even residential status won’t make jobs in the adult entertainment sector available for them.

Some 14 million people have fled Ukraine since the start of the Russian military operation in the country in late February, according to UN estimates. Over 1,000 of them have ended up in Japan. Furukawa has also expressed concerns that Ukrainian women could become victims of human trafficking, with such reports coming from other countries.

Earlier this month, a researcher for the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) revealed that online searches for sex workers from Ukraine spiked by 600% around the globe after the outbreak of the conflict.







posted by ZUKUNASHI at 18:30| Comment(0) | ウクライナ


The untold story behind the fall of the Middle East’s largest private equity company
RT correspondent spoke to Arif Naqvi, an entrepreneur accused of stealing from some of the most powerful powerful people on Earth and facing 291 years in US prison

It’s a chilly day in London. I arrive at a members-only club in Mayfair. I’m about to have a meeting I’ve been waiting to make happen for nearly two years. It’s with Arif Naqvi.

He’s the man accused of stealing hundreds of millions of dollars from the world’s most powerful elite through his Middle Eastern private equity company, the now-defunct Abraaj Group.

I scan the venue’s buzzing drawing room when my eyes land on a frail figure sitting in a quiet corner by a window. If it weren’t for his famously thick and swept back silver hair, I wouldn’t have recognized him. It’s been at least a few years since we’d last met. Naqvi’s casual attire – a navy blue sweater and jeans long enough to cover his ankle bracelet (courtesy of house arrest) – is a stark contrast to the sharp suits he sported every day, for nearly 40 years.

“Arif Naqvi is telling our entrepreneurs that they have an advantage that Silicon Valley doesn’t have… They know the region and the consumers!” entrepreneurship summit RiseUp said of Naqvi in 2017. “Abraaj Group is a beacon – savvy investors who want double digit returns like that should take note,” an entrepreneur said of the company in the same year.

“He told me, ‘I’m going to take a boy from you, and return him to you a man,’” Naqvi’s friend said as he recounted the day his son began a career with Abraaj. “He was a very generous guy on a personal level and with his staff,” said another. “He loved life.”

And how could Naqvi not love life when he was credited with turning Abraaj, which he set up in 2002, into one of the world’s top 20 private equity companies, and the leading investor in growth markets, managing a staggering $14 billion in assets across Africa, Asia, Latin America, Turkey and the Middle East, with investments in healthcare, clean energy, transportation, education and real estate. Bill Gates, Barack Obama and John Kerry are just a few of the figures Naqvi convinced to recognize the potential of emerging markets, which he called growth markets, with the purpose of doing good, while making money.

It's hard to believe that just a few years later, in 2018, he would be known, instead, for the collapse of the Middle East’s largest private equity company and arrested on suspicion of defrauding US investors including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Today he faces extradition to the US, where he would stand trial for 16 counts of fraud and money laundering, including misleading investors and auditors by covering up a $400 million shortfall across two funds by temporarily borrowing money to produce financial statements; changing financial statements to avoid disclosing a $200 million shortfall; and borrowing $350 million for Abraaj from an individual Abraaj shareholder and friend to make the company appear solvent.

Naqvi doesn’t appear to be loving life as much these days. There’s a certain air of despair about him, and I notice that our chocolate croissant and sweet Danish remain untouched throughout our conversation.

He is only allowed two hours of outdoor time a day, according to the terms of his bail, so we leave Little House and head back to his Knightsbridge apartment through Hyde Park. He suggests we take a shortcut by crossing at a busy junction. “Are you scared?” he asks. “No, let’s do it,” I say. And I get a glimpse of the mild acts of rebellion Naqvi is so famous for, like the time he was caught smoking in his school’s common room and got reprimanded for it. I catch a hint of a smile on his face as we run to the other side, and for a moment, he appears almost childlike. I wonder if those seemingly insignificant acts of rebellion are what bring him the slightest bit of comfort and feeling of freedom these days. Perhaps it is that same defiant spirit that led him to investing in the region’s troubled markets, where few dared to venture.

Indeed, I had traveled to London to meet the man accused of stealing hundreds of millions of dollars. But I leave having met a man who’s had something of his own stolen: his life story.

Google the name Arif Naqvi and you’ll certainly find an endless stream of sensationalised headlines: “A financial fairytale: how one man fooled the global elite,” The Guardian; “He Convinced the Elite He Invested for Good. Then the Money Vanished,” Wall Street Journal; “How a Pakistani con man ‘robbed’ $100 million from Bill Gates,” New York Post.

Dig a little deeper and you’ll find they all have one thing in common: they would make for excellent Netflix productions. There’s even a book written by Wall Street Journal reporters Simon Clark and Will Louch, The Key Man, which claims a former Abraaj accountant “slept with a knife” by his bed, while another IT executive “checked for bombs” under his car. “The two British men had to tread carefully and there were moments when they feared for their lives. Arif remained a powerful man,” the dramatized book states.

It raised a few questions in my mind, like whether it was their lives the two men feared for, or their lifestyles. After all, Naqvi was known for paying his employees (both senior and junior) high salaries and generous bonuses, with the lowest paid associates at Abraaj Group pocketing $120,000 a year, according to HR firm Emolument.

The book goes further to liken working for Abraaj as “more traumatic than being shot at or bombed,” though I can’t imagine it was too traumatizing for employees to receive that SMS from their banks notifying them of their latest bonuses making their way into their accounts. This is even more surprising given the long tenures that the majority of directors, managing directors and partners had enjoyed whilst being employed at Abraaj.
The untold story behind the fall of the Middle East’s largest private equity company

However, there are aspects of the book that draw parallels to real life in the way that Naqvi has been portrayed in the media following the downfall of Abraaj. Nearly every character mentioned is depicted as a victim of Naqvi’s.

“Staffers were driven to tears by the pressure to drink,” the book claims, with executives renaming Abraaj “Hotel California” after the Eagles song lyrics: “You can check out anytime you like but you can never leave”. Except employees could have left, and many did, despite Clark and Louch insinuating staff were too bullied by Naqvi to quit. With 400 employees to personally bully at Abraaj itself, this feels like storytelling for the movies.

Mustafa Abdel-Wadood, Abraaj’s former managing partner – who was arrested in New York and pleaded guilty to seven counts of an indictment against him, including extortion and securities fraud charges – wanted to leave the company, according to the book, but Naqvi allegedly pressured him to stay “through a strange combination of bullying and kindness”. Strange, indeed. It is either that Arif had some sort of supernatural ability to get anyone to do whatever he liked, or that employees had such little self-control.

Abdel-Wadood is himself a well-connected man, with his former boss Egyptian billionaire Naguib Sawiris having been one of the guarantors for his $10 million bail bond, according to the Wall Street Journal.

Abdel-Wadood said in court, “My commitment to Abraaj compromised the integrity of my judgement, and I ended up drifting from who I really am.”

But who is Mustafa Abdel-Wadood? Was he Naqvi’s victim? He was certainly his neighbor. The two lived in the same luxurious gated community, Emirates Hills, in Dubai. According to a former Abraaj employee, when Abdel-Wadood wasn’t hosting parties for hundreds of people at his massive villa, he was inviting friends on a 90ft yacht called Caramel. And yet, his attorney claimed in court, “This is a tragic story of a good man who stayed at Abraaj to try to rectify the madness that Arif Naqvi created and along the way participated in the wrongful conduct that he has acknowledged today”.

Abdel-Wadood, who spent his first few nights in the same jail as the infamous former drug lord El Chapo, could be sentenced to 125 years. But fate appears to be kinder to him, as he cooperates with US authorities for a lighter sentence in return for helping to build a case against Naqvi.

But what exactly was Abdel-Wadood’s role in Abraaj? His acquaintance tells us: “All this act of, ‘Oh, I’m just a poor guy caught in the middle of this,’ is ridiculous. All the way going back to 2007, when I was working in publishing, he was demanding to be on the cover of our magazine and to get an award at one of our ceremonies. I went to my boss and said, ‘Hang on a minute, why is this guy getting a cover and an award?’ and my boss said to me, ‘You don’t understand, this guy’s the main man at Abraaj. He just doesn’t get any credit. Arif gets all the credit’.”

Another person who knows the Egyptian’s told me, "you’d think a guy who was working with Naguib Sawiris would know exactly what he was doing at Abraaj.”

Another figure whose exact role in Naqvi’s role appears to be muddied is ex-Abraaj managing partner Sev Vettivetpillai, who faces nine counts of criminal activities and 115 years in jail – and who changed his non-guilty plea to a guilty one to get less jail time through a bargain with the US authorities against Naqvi – and allegedly “felt the sting of his conscience even as he conspired with Arif,” according to the book.

However, our source, a former acquaintance of Vettivetpillai’s, said the executive was “happy just being the bookkeeper, as long as he got to enjoy the rewards of the job”.

While the media describes Naqvi as the mastermind behind a “global criminal conspiracy,” under his leadership, the investors – as well as the employees – enjoyed market beating returns.

Some of its success stories include a UAE water treatment company, an Omani insurer, a Qatari financial services company, and a Jordanian internet company – all of which sold on to generate a total of $81 million in profit, triple the amount Abraaj invested to buy them.

Even Fadi Ghandour’s logistics crown jewel Aramex doubled its sales under Abraaj’s ownership to $232 million, while profit quadrupled to $20 million in just four years. In 2005 when Abraaj sold its shares in the company on the Dubai stock exchange, it received $86 million, over five times the $15 million it had invested. Hundreds of Aramex employees owning stock options shared a $14 million payout.

Abraaj also paid investors a $600 million dividend after buying a quarter of EFG Hermes in 2006 for $505 million and selling the shares over a year later for double the price of $1.1 billion. Other successful Abraaj investments include shares in construction company Arabtech, as well as Turkish hospital chain Acibadem, which Abraaj sold to Malaysian and Singaporean investors for a $355 million profit.

Moreover, Abraaj sold its shares in Integrated Diagnostics Holdings (IDH), which operated medical-testing clinics in Egypt, in an IPO on the London Stock Exchange in 2015, after it doubled the size of IDH’s network of clinics. Under Abraaj’s ownership, it not only survived the strains of the Arab Spring, it thrived in spite of them.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:46| Comment(0) | 国際・政治


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:51| Comment(0) | 健康・病気

It is vital for Russian troops to wipe out West-supplied rocket launchers, says expert

It is vital for Russian troops to wipe out West-supplied rocket launchers, says expert
The M270 MLRS and M142 HIMARS are the most dangerous and capable weapons available to the Ukrainian armed forces that can influence combat operations, Alexey Sakantsev noted

MOSCOW, June 6. /TASS/. M270 and M142 HIMARS rocket systems that the West is suppling to Ukraine under a new military aid package are the most formidable weapons of all the armaments handed over to Kiev before but Russian forces are capable of destroying them, missile and artillery troops reserve officer, army veteran Alexey Sakantsev told TASS on Monday.

"Of all possible armaments supplied by the collective West, the M270 MLRS [multiple launch rocket system] and M142 HIMARS [High Mobility Artillery Rocket System] are the most dangerous and capable weapons available to the Ukrainian armed forces that can influence combat operations," the expert pointed out.

UK Defense Secretary Ben Wallace announced in early June that London would send Kiev M270 rocket systems with munitions capable of striking targets at a distance of up to 80 km. The decision was synchronized with the delivery of US M142 HIMARS systems and ammunition to Kiev. The US administration earlier said that the first batch would include four rocket systems while the strike range of a light wheeled HIMARS that would be handed over to Kiev would not exceed 80 km.
Formidable weapons

The British M270 and the US M142 rocket systems fire same-type munitions, with the only difference being that the M270 is a tracked vehicle with two packs of 6 rockets each (or one missile) while the M142 HIMARS is a wheeled launcher (mounted on the chassis of a five-tonne truck with an armored cabin) with a pack of 6 rockets or a missile, he explained.

"These packs are outfitted with quick-reloading systems and structurally almost do not differ from each other, like their fire control systems, while standard modules are a great advantage for logistics, training and equipment repairs," Sakantsev pointed out.

Western multiple launch rocket systems are also distinguished by a variety of ammunition rounds. As the expert told TASS, both systems use three types of ammunition: 227mm and 240mm rocket-propelled shells with a broad range of warheads, from conventional high explosive fragmentation rounds to cluster munitions of several types (capable of striking both armor and manpower).

These systems can also fire rockets that deliver an array of mines to the target: these rocket-propelled shells can strike at a range of 45 km to 70 km depending on the munition subtype, he explained.

"Importantly, some of them are guided munitions and are adjusted by GPS (NAVSTAR). Consequently, these shells feature low circular error probability and, therefore, require no adjustment fire: the target will be hit suddenly and accurately and, in case of cluster munitions, massively," the expert elaborated.

The third type of munitions for the M270 and M142 rocket launchers is designated as MGM-140 ATACMS, which is a tactical missile, the officer said.

"Let me just mention again that the M270 launcher can carry two such missiles and the M142 system carries one. This missile also has several modifications that differ in terms of their warheads and, basically, in terms of the flight range that varies between 140 km and 300 km. These missiles are also guided munitions (the GPS-adjusted inertial system) and feature low circular error probability and frequently carry a cluster warhead," Sakantsev said.

These rocket systems make it possible to strike targets both near the frontline and in the enemy rear, he said.

"If the Ukrainian armed forces get the longest-range rockets, they will be able to shell some Russian aerodromes, military bases and a lot of ammunition depots, command posts and troop amassment areas, and also air defense systems and artillery even not at positions but at the places of their maintenance, transportation and preparation," the expert stressed.

As its other advantage, the US M142 HIMARS launcher is highly mobile thanks to its wheeled platform and can be disguised as a truck that will complicate its detection and destruction, he said.
Countering Western rocket launchers

Russia can fight these Western rocket launchers with its missile systems, the expert pointed out.

"All the munitions of these systems can be detected in flight and destroyed by the Russian advanced air defense systems like the S-300, S-350, S-400, Buk, Tor-M2, Pantsyr-S and Tunguska that are operational in the troops and are involved in the special military operation," he said.

However, the Russian air and anti-missile defenses should be organized properly to strike US munitions as rockets and missiles are more dangerous and complex targets than aircraft, he stressed.

It is practically unrealistic to jam rockets of M270 and M142 systems that are guided by the GPS signal, the expert said.

"This may be done theoretically and technically but not practically. This is because the signal will have to be ‘suppressed’ along the rocket’s entire flight path while a part of this course extends over enemy territory and it is almost unrealistic to jam the rocket’s path over friendly territory just based only on energy," the expert pointed out.

The M270 and M142 rocket systems are effective weapons and require serious training to fight them, he said.

"To my mind, it is vitally necessary to destroy such systems at their stationing places before they move into firing positions and the Russian Aerospace Forces are capable of fulfilling this task. In some cases, this task can be fulfilled by Iskander-M systems and what’s more, without a risk for pilots," Sakantsev stressed, adding that Russia needed to further develop its air defenses. All these measures will deprive the enemy of the capability to deliver critical strikes, the expert emphasized.
Foreign MLRS

The M142 HIMARS (High Mobility Artillery Rocket System) is a highly mobile multiple launch rocket system developed by the US-based Lockheed Martin. The launcher with six tubes of 227mm rockets or one ATACMS (Army Tactical Missile System) ballistic missile is mounted on a five-tonne six-wheel chassis of FMTV (Family of Medium Tactical Vehicle) transporters.

The launcher fires over 20 types of munitions with a strike range of 30 km to 80 km (for rockets) and 300 km and more (for a tactical missile). The system has been accepted for service in some countries, including the United States, Singapore, the UAE, Canada, Poland, Romania and Jordan.

The M270 MLRS has also been developed by the US-based Lockheed Martin. The launcher is mounted on the US Bradley tracked platform and fires about 20 types of munitions. It can strike targets at a range of 32 km to 500 km. The system is in service with the armies of 17 countries.

M270 MLRSとM142 HIMARSは、ウクライナ軍が利用できる兵器の中で、戦闘行動に影響を与える最も危険で高性能な兵器であるとアレクセイ・サカンツェフ氏は指摘する。

モスクワ、6月6日。/TASS/. 西側諸国が新たな軍事援助パッケージでウクライナに供給しているM270とM142 HIMARSロケットシステムは、以前キエフに引き渡された全ての兵器の中で最も手強い兵器だが、ロシア軍にはそれらを破壊する能力があると、ミサイル・大砲部隊予備役で軍隊出身のアレクセイ・サカンツェフ氏が月曜日、TASSに対して語った。

"集団西側から供給された可能性のある武器の中で、M270 MLRS(多連装ロケットシステム)とM142 HIMARS(高機動砲ロケットシステム)は、ウクライナ軍が利用できる最も危険で戦闘作戦に影響を与えることができる武器だ "と専門家は指摘している。

ベン・ウォレス英国国防長官は6月初め、ロンドンがキエフに、最大80km離れた標的を攻撃できる弾薬を搭載したM270ロケットシステムを送ることを発表した。この決定は、米国のM142 HIMARSシステムと弾薬のキエフへの納入と同期して行われた。米国政府は、最初のバッチには4つのロケットシステムが含まれ、キエフに引き渡される軽車両型HIMARSの攻撃範囲は80kmを超えないと発表している。

イギリスのM270とアメリカのM142は同じタイプの弾薬を発射しますが、M270は6発のロケット弾を2パック(またはミサイル1発)ずつ搭載した追跡車両で、M142 HIMARSは6発のロケット弾またはミサイルを1パック搭載したホイール式ランチャー(装甲キャビンを持つ5トントラックのシャシーに搭載)であることが唯一の違いだと説明しています。





M270とM142ロケットランチャー用の第3の弾薬は、MGM-140 ATACMSと呼ばれる戦術ミサイルである、と同将校は述べている。




また、米国のM142 HIMARSは、車輪付きのプラットフォームのおかげで機動性が高く、トラックに偽装できるため、発見と破壊を困難にするという利点もあるという。








M142 HIMARS(High Mobility Artillery Rocket System)は、米国のロッキード・マーチン社が開発した高機動型多連装ロケットシステムである。227mmロケット弾6本またはATACMS(Army Tactical Missile System)弾道ミサイル1発を搭載したランチャーを、FMTV(Family of Medium Tactical Vehicle)運搬車の5トン6輪シャシーに搭載している。


また、M270 MLRSは米国のロッキード・マーチン社によって開発された。米国のブラッドレー追跡プラットフォームに搭載され、約20種類の弾薬を発射する。射程32kmから500kmの標的を攻撃することができる。このシステムは17カ国の軍隊で使用されている。

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:05| Comment(0) | ウクライナ