ずくなしの冷や水

2022年04月01日

ロシアが輸出品で友好国優遇、非友好国冷遇を明確に

Ex-president calls for Russia to abandon food trade with West
Dmitry Medvedev says that Russia could cease exports to “unfriendly countries”

Amid Western sanctions, Russia might stop selling and buying food from “unfriendly countries,” former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has revealed.

Medvedev, who is currently the deputy chair of the country’s Security Council, published a list of suggestions related to Russia’s food security and exports on Telegram on Friday. The post notes that Russia is a “major grain producer, on a par with India and China,” and when it comes to wheat, the country has been the “largest exporter in recent years.”

He also pointed out that agro-industrial exports reached over $37 billion last year.

Medvedev unveiled plans to sell “food and crops only to our friends” in rubles and their respective national currencies. According to him, Russia has “a lot of friends” outside of Europe and North America.

The former president suggested that Russia should not “ship [its] food and crops to unfriendly parties.” According to his plan, the government will prioritize the internal food market, with particular focus on price control. Medvedev added that Russian farmers could expect “massive and systemic” support.

Following the reunification of Crimea with Russia in 2014, the US and EU slapped Moscow with economic sanctions. Russia responded with counter-measures, including a ban on certain food imports. The West has imposed more sanctions since February 24, 2022, when Russia launched its military offensive against Ukraine. The Kremlin has vowed that no hostile step will remain unanswered.

On Thursday, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree, according to which gas exports to “unfriendly countries” (those that have imposed economic sanctions on Russia) will have to be paid for in rubles starting from April 1. Among these countries are the US, UK, Canada, Australia, Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, Switzerland, all 27 nations of the EU, and several others.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Wednesday that Russia could start selling other hydrocarbons and commodities for rubles as well, noting that it’s an “idea that should definitely be worked on.”

メドベージェフが非友好国への穀物輸出の停止に言及しています。とりあえずの感想。
@ 穀物に限らず、ロシアが世界貿易の大きなシェアを持つエネルギー、コモディティ、レアアース、肥料原料などについて、友好国優遇、非友好国冷遇を明確にするだろうとみられます。

A 非友好国の中には、穀物自給力の低い国もありますので、これらの国は代替輸入先を見つける必要があります。韓国はロシアから穀物を輸入しているはずです。穀物価格は上がります。

B ウクライナとロシアのウクライナに近いところは黒土地帯で穀物生産の本場。ロシアは今年の播種は可能でしょうが、ウクライナは成人男性が前線に送られています。今年の穀物栽培に影響がある恐れが濃厚です。

C 西側諸国による経済制裁が残る限り、ロシアも対抗措置を続けるでしょう。欧州は経済面にもろに影響を受けていますが、米国との関係ですぐにやめることはできないでしょうから、制裁と報復の関係は長い期間続く恐れがあります。

D 米国は、2022/3/31にも追加の経済制裁を発表していますし、ウクライナに兵器を送り込む動きを続けています。

E 停戦が合意されても、ウクライナ・米国サイドが順守するとも思えず、武力行使は停戦合意後も続くでしょう。

F 米国は、経済制裁がドルの弱体化につながると認識し始めたようです。インドにロシアに協力するなと圧力をかけています。ですがこの動きは止まりません。どの国がいつ凍結されるかわからない外国の銀行口座に外貨準備を置いておくでしょうか。

G ウクライナ戦争を契機とした経済制裁以前からロシアや中国はドル脱却を図っていましたから、ロシアは準備がありましたし、中国も対応できる状態です。米国の1極支配から多極的な世界への移行は着実に進んでいます。

H その中で日本は独自の道を選べず米国追随。行く先は見えているとも考えられます。



posted by ZUKUNASHI at 21:07| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ロシアのガス代金をめぐる紛争 俄然し烈に

さてロシアと欧州との経済面での対決が面白くなってきました。ドルやユーロが使えなくなったからルーブルでガス代金を払えというロシアに対して、G7が契約違反であり、ルーブルでは払わないと返答しました。そうなればロシアは代金不払いでガスを止めます。ドイツはどうする気?
面白くなってきました。
ルーブル支払い拒否回答
 ↓
ガス供給停止
 ↓
ドイツをはじめとする欧州の経済活動に大打撃。
そうなる前に、何らかの妥協があるでしょうが、ロシアは経済制裁の全面的解除を要求しないと述べています。強気です。ガスのストップもありうることになります。

[1日 ロイター] - ロシア外務省当局者は1日、欧州連合(EU)に制裁終了を要請するつもりないと発言し、ロシアには「十分な安全性」があるとの認識を示した。ロシア通信(RIA)が伝えた。
外務省のニコライ・コブリネッツ欧州協力局長は「EUは宇宙の中心ではない」と述べた。

[ベルリン 31日 ロイター]
関係筋によると、法令は4月1日以降に供給されるガスが対象。署名された法令によると、外国の買い手は国営天然ガス企業ガスプロム傘下のガスプロムバンクの特別口座を通して支払いを行う必要がある。
ある関係者はロイターに対し、4月に供給されたガスへの支払いは、一部の契約では4月後半に、その他の契約では5月に開始されることから、すぐに供給が滞ることにはならないと指摘した。





ロシアルーブルは戻り歩調。1ドル131.5ルーブルまでルーブルが安くなりましたが3/28は90.875ルーブル。




Russia sets ruble gas payment deadline
President Putin says ‘unfriendly countries’ must switch to its currency by March 31
Russian President Vladimir Putin has authorized the government, the central bank, and Gazprombank to take the necessary steps to switch all payments for Russian natural gas from “unfriendly states” to rubles starting March 31.

The measure targets “member states of the EU and other countries that have introduced restrictions against citizens of the Russian Federation and Russian legal entities,” the mandate published on the Kremlin website reads.

Russia will stop shipping natural gas to countries refusing to settle payments in rubles, Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said on Monday.

The decision, first announced last week, came as Russia’s oil trade has been left in disarray as importers put orders on hold due to the latest sanctions introduced against Moscow over its military operation in Ukraine.
The conflict in Ukraine and the anti-Russia sanctions that followed have raised concerns of a global economic crisis. Skyrocketing commodity prices are sending the costs of consumer goods, energy, and food ever higher, giving rise to fears of a possible recession in many countries and even hunger in some parts of the world.

Russia’s decision to switch payments to its domestic currency has been made in response to the unprecedented penalties imposed by the US and its allies on the country’s financial system.

The ruble plummeted to record lows after Western nations and Japan blocked Russia’s access to some of its international reserves. Since last week’s currency-switch announcement, the ruble has reached its strongest level against the US dollar and the euro in nearly a month.

G7 rejects Russian demand to pay for gas in rubles – German energy minister
Bloc sees payment switch as breach of current contracts
The Group of Seven major economies have collectively agreed to reject Moscow’s demand to pay for energy imports from Russia in rubles, according to Germany’s energy minister Robert Habeck.

“All G-7 ministers agreed completely that this (would be) a one-sided and clear breach of the existing contracts,” Habeck told journalists on Monday.

The minister added that “payment in ruble is not acceptable” and that the nations will urge the companies affected "not to follow” the demand voiced by Russian President Vladimir Putin last week.

On Monday, the Russian president ordered the government, the central bank, and Gazprombank to develop the necessary tools to switch all payments for Russian natural gas from “unfriendly states” to rubles starting March 31.

This includes countries that have targeted Russia's financial system and seized its foreign reserves in response to the crisis in Ukraine.

Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said that Russia will stop shipping natural gas to countries rejecting the demand.






India about to switch to domestic currencies in trade with Russia
A mechanism bypassing the US dollar is expected to be operational this week
A system allowing direct rupee-ruble payments in trade between Russia and India could be launched this week, the president of the Federation of Indian Export Organizations (FIEO), A Sakthivel, told CNBC on Wednesday. The arrangement would allow India and Russia to carry out financial operations bypassing the US dollar. Russia is effectively blocked from using US currency due to Western sanctions over the conflict in Ukraine.

According to the official, the Indian government is working on a proposal to allow up to five nationalized Indian banks to be engaged in the rupee-ruble trade mechanism, and discussions between the central bank governor, the finance minister, and the banks on the matter have already been held. The arrangement would let Indian exporters continue doing business with Russia despite sanctions banning, among other things, international payment mechanisms in the country, such as SWIFT. It would also let India continue buying Russian energy exports and other goods.

According to Sakthivel, the Indian economy could profit from sanctions Russia is facing, as they give Indian exporters an opportunity to expand on the Russian market.

“Export to Russia is not much, only in agriculture and pharmacy products. Now that the whole of the West is banning Russia, there will be a lot of opportunities for Indian firms to enter Russia,” he stated.

India’s finance ministry and the Reserve Bank of India have not yet commented on the new trade arrangement.

Unlike the US and the EU, India has not criticized Russia over its military operation in Ukraine, and has abstained from condemning Moscow during the recent UN voting rounds. When asked whether India’s continued commerce with Russia would draw Western ire, Sakthivel said his country had taken a “neutral stand” on the situation in Ukraine.

“The government will take into account all the factors. The government is playing it very carefully,” he stressed.

India exported $3.3 billion worth of goods to Russia in 2021, mostly pharmaceutical products, tea, and coffee. In terms of imports, India bought $6.9 billion worth of Russian products, including arms and defense goods, mineral resources, fertilizers, metals, diamonds and other precious stones. India also imports Russian oil, with recent media reports stating that the country’s major refiner, Indian Oil Corp, has stepped up purchases of Russian crude over the past month. India is also reportedly considering buying raw materials from Russia and Belarus for fertilizer production amid skyrocketing commodities’ prices.

‘Impossible’ for Austria to ban Russian gas – energy giant
The repercussions for the economy would be too great
Austria is unable to stop buying Russian natural gas this year, the head of energy giant OMV, Alfred Stern, said in response to calls for European states to place an embargo on Russian supplies.

“Embargo on Russian gas is impossible if we are not ready to accept the dire consequences. Some countries could do it, but for Austria it is not possible this year… The phase-out of Russian gas comes at a price,” he stated in an interview with Die Presse.

Stern explained that unlike some EU countries, Austria “is in a difficult position” when it comes to alternative energy sources, having “no access to the sea, no access to liquefied petroleum gas.”

Stern is not alone in his views regarding Austria’s dependence on Russian energy. Austrian Chancellor Karl Nehammer said earlier this week that he does not support any restrictions on the supply of oil and gas from Russia to Europe.

“From us there should be a clear rejection of any ideas about stopping the import of Russian gas or Russian oil,” Nehammer said in an interview with OE24 TV.

Currently, gas storage facilities in Austria are only 13% full, media reports, citing industry sources.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 20:24| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

タリバン政権が国際社会から認知されるための助言をロシアのラブロフから受けている

2022年3月末、中国の安徽省 黄山市 屯渓区でアフガニスタンとその隣接国の会合などが持たれています。中国外相がホストしていますが、ロシアは直接の隣国ではないものの、会合に参加。
その後、アフガニスタンの外相代理ムッタキとラブロフとの会合が持たれ、タリバン政権が国連をはじめとして国際社会に認知されるための課題について意見が交わされたようです。
世界のトップ外交官ラブロフに教えを乞うタリバンの姿勢は、彼らが信頼できる謙虚さを持っていることを示しますし、これに応えるラブロフを見れば、彼が第三世界、開発途上国からどれほどの信頼を得ているかわかります。


通訳を使っていないようですが、何語で話しているんでしょう。

World must work with Taliban – Moscow
Russia says a lack of political diversity stands in the way of the Afghan government’s recognition by the UN
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said on Thursday that the world must work more closely with the Taliban government in Afghanistan, welcoming the steps towards its recognition by the United Nations. The militant group seized power in Kabul last year, as Western forces were completing their withdrawal from the country.

Lavrov was meeting with Afghanistan’s acting foreign minister, Amir Khan Muttaqi, in Tunxi, China.

“We’re convinced that the international community must actively cooperate with the new government of Afghanistan, encouraging the steps towards its official recognition by the UN and all its member states,” Lavrov said.

[Despite] not having enough governing experience, financial and economic constraints, political and diplomatic pressure from the US and their allies, Afghanistan’s new administration is generally managing to keep the state afloat.

At the same time, Lavrov said the lack of diversity was “the main obstacle” on the way of the Taliban government’s recognition around the world. “I’m talking about the absence of people in official positions, who are not only representing different ethnic groups, but also… religious minorities and [different] political forces.”

Lavrov added that the first diplomat sent by the Taliban to Moscow has already received accreditation.

The Taliban returned to power after seizing Kabul last year. They previously ruled Afghanistan between 1996 and 2001 until they were toppled during the US-led invasion of the country.

The last Western forces left Afghanistan in August 2021.

The UN has, so far, not recognized the Taliban’s pick for a new envoy to the body. However, it did decide this month to formally reestablish an office in the country.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 19:21| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

Ukraine attacked oil depot inside Russia – governor

Ukraine attacked oil depot inside Russia – governor
Two attack helicopters entered Belgorod Region, Russia, the governor says
The fire at an oil facility in Belgorod Region, Russia was caused by a Ukrainian air raid, Governor Vyacheslav Galdkov said on Friday morning. The incident was reported amid Russia’s military campaign in the neighboring country.
Gladkov said the terminal was struck by “two Ukrainian military helicopters that have entered the territory of Russia while flying at low altitude.” The exact details of the incident are yet to be clarified.

The governor said two workers received non-life threatening injuries. The authorities began evacuating people from nearby areas.

Videos from the scene show a large fire raging at the facility.


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 18:03| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

US tells Americans in Russia and Ukraine to leave immediately

US tells Americans in Russia and Ukraine to leave immediately
State Department says Russia is targeting Americans after basketball star is jailed on drug charges
All Americans currently in Russia and Ukraine should leave right away, as they may be singled out by Russian security officials on account of their citizenship, the State Department said on Thursday.

“All US citizens in Russia and Ukraine should depart immediately,” State Department spokesman Ned Price announced at the daily press briefing at Foggy Bottom.

Price said the US travel advisories have been updated to reflect “reports” that Russian security officials have “singled out and detained” US citizens, both in Ukraine and in Russia itself.

In addition, Price claimed the US has seen Russian President Vladimir Putin “denigrate equality, free speech and human rights for all.”

While the State Department travel advisory for Russia was updated on Wednesday, urging American citizens residing or traveling in the country to leave right away, the one for Ukraine was last updated on March 29 and still urges Americans there only to register with the US embassy.

The Russia advisory cites the “invasion of Ukraine” as the chief reason. Both Russia and Ukraine have been under the “Level 4 – Do Not Travel” US advisory for over a year, on account of the Covid-19 pandemic.

In his introductory remarks, Price did not elaborate on “reports” that led the US government to announce the change. The only American known to have been detained by Russian authorities in recent weeks is the WNBA basketball star Brittney Griner.

Griner was arrested on February 17 – a week prior to the escalation of hostilities in Ukraine – at Moscow’s Sheremetyevo International Airport, for possession of illegal narcotics. A drug-sniffing dog alerted to her luggage and police found carrying cannabis oil cartridges for a vaporizer inhaler, according to the Russian police. Griner has been charged with drug smuggling, and a court ordered her held in jail until May 19.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 14:48| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ウクライナ難民問題



ウクライナ難民を受け入れている東欧諸国がEUに費用の弁償を求めています。東欧では移民問題が深刻化するでしょう。

Putin warns West of new migrant crisis
The Russian president said that a global food crisis would “inevitably” be followed by a migration wave

Russian President Vladimir Putin has warned Europe of a new influx of migrants that, in his opinion, will “inevitably” follow the food crisis.

Discussing on Thursday the unprecedented sanctions imposed on Moscow by the West in response to the Russian attack on Ukraine, Putin criticized the behavior of some Western politicians, who are allegedly prepared to sacrifice their citizens’ interests in order to “enjoy the good graces of their overseas master and overlord,” branding such an approach as “the opposite of populism.”

“​​People are urged to eat less, put on more clothes, and use less heating, give up on travel – presumably for the benefit of the people who are demanding this kind of voluntary deprivation as a sign of some abstract North Atlantic solidarity,” Putin said at a meeting on air transportation and aircraft manufacturing on Thursday.

He underlined that Moscow has been seeing “such questionable approaches and actions” in economic, energy, and food policies for more than a year.

Incidentally, the food crisis will inevitably be followed by another one, another wave of migration, primarily to the European countries.

A few days ago, the risks of an “unprecedented” global food crisis were discussed at the G7 summit in Brussels. Since Russia and Ukraine are key crop suppliers in the world, the G7 leaders have blamed Moscow’s offensive in Ukraine for a looming crisis and are now discussing a package of measures to prevent food shortages.

Nevertheless, in Putin’s opinion, the West continues to make decisions that “are pushing the global economy towards crisis,” leading to the disruption of production and logistics chains, an increase in global inflation, and the aggravation of inequality, to a decline in the living standards of millions of people, and to mass famine in the poorest countries.

Putin accused the US of trying to solve its own problems at the expense of other countries and to shift the blame for its own economic mistakes onto Russia. Moreover, in the president’s opinion, the US is going to try to cash in on the current global instability, for example, by attempting “to push Europe towards expensive American liquid natural gas.”

Putin added that all the sanctions which are being imposed on Moscow now “have been prepared in advance” and “would have been imposed in any case.” They are poised, according to the president, “to curb Russia’s development,” to undermine its sovereignty and to weaken its “industrial, financial and technological potential.”

Taking into consideration the fact that the West has been imposing the restrictions against Russia for many years, there is no point thinking that this approach would change any time soon, Putin emphasized.

The West strongly condemned Russia’s military attack on Ukraine, calling it “unlawful” and “unjustified,” and slapped Moscow with hard-hitting sanctions, covering many sectors of the Russian economy. The restrictions include Washington’s ban on energy imports, an international ban for the use of the SWIFT interbank messaging system, and personal sanctions against Putin. Hundreds of companies have suspended or completely halted their operations in Russia.

In response, Moscow has included most of the Western countries in its list of “unfriendly states.” All of these countries are now subject to various retaliation measures, restrictions, and specific requirements from Russia. For example, Moscow now wants all “unfriendly” states to pay for gas supplies in rubles. Another retaliatory initiative saw the Finance Ministry requesting that Russian companies that want to work with firms from countries on the list receive government permission first.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 13:45| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

子供を介してコロナ感染を拡大して集団免疫を狙う?








posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:22| Comment(0) | Covid19

NATO供与のMANPADでアゾフ幹部脱出時のヘリコプターが撃墜される



マウリポリの完全陥落が近づき、アゾフの指揮者や外国人指導者がヘリコプターで脱出しています。

ウクライナ軍が用意したミグヘリコプターは、最初マウリポリに向かう途中で撃墜、2回目は3機が用意され、2機がマウリポリからアゾフの幹部らを乗せて飛び立ったものの、マンパッドで2基ともに撃墜されました。

そのマンパッドは、NATOがアゾフに供与したものをドンバス側の兵士がアゾフとの戦いの結果入手したものだったといいいます。なんとも皮肉な結果になりました。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:20| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ウクライナにけしかけた米国は手痛い跳ね返りを受ける



posted by ZUKUNASHI at 08:47| Comment(0) | 国際・政治