ずくなしの冷や水

2020年07月05日

イラン外相ザリフが議会で非難に反論

イランの外相ザリフは、60歳。テヘランの裕福な商家に生まれ、17歳で米国に留学、1988年に国際法・政策論で博士号まで取っています。
2013年に外相就任、イランの核開発問題に関する6か国協議(P5プラス1)を主導し、2015年7月14日に包括的共同作業計画が採択、2016年1月16日にはイランへの経済制裁が解除されています。
ですが2018年5月、米国が一方的に核合意から離脱、経済制裁によってイラン経済は困難に陥りました。国内的に経済困難の打開を外務省に求める声が強く、議会でザリフに対する攻撃が高まり2019年2月に辞意を表明しましたが、その後撤回しました。
ルダウのこの記事は、イラン国内の対外政策に関する不満の強まりを示すもので、ザリフの置かれた厳しい状況がわかります。
ザリフは、米国のJCPOA離脱後、一時入院するほどの過労が続いているはず。それでも議会からこのように非難されては、辞めると言い出すのは無理からぬこと。しかし、余人をもって代えがたいのも事実でしょう。

rudaw2020/7/5
Zarif pleads with Iran parliamentarians as he is labeled a 'liar'
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region − In his first speech before a parliament dominated by hardliners, Iran's foreign minister Mohammad Javad Zarif was heckled while defending the foreign and economic policy stances of President Hassan Rouhani’s government.

Zarif centered his speech on the United States' application of sanction pressure on Iran from all angles, including the United Nations Security Council and bodies fighting money laundering and financing of terrorism. Their aim, he said, is to create international consensus to isolate Tehran.

Some parliamentarians stood up and shouted “liar” as he spoke; "we don’t want to hear lies,” others screamed.

To fend off the attacks, Zarif turned to his proximity to Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei – who he said has called him "honest" – and his relationship with recently slain General Qasem Soleimani of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).

“We use all our resources to help people’s livelihood, and we use all our abilities to aid the national power of Iran. Whatever you want to say, say it, but Martyr Soleimani and I were meeting every week, we coordinated every week...anything that we did was in coordination with each other,” Zarif shouted from the lectern as raucous parliamentarians heckled. “Those who knew Martyr Soleimani…those who are affiliated with Sayyid Nasrallah, those who are affiliated with the Resistance of Iraq, Lebanon and Palestine, they are the ones who know, not you.”

“The Islamic Republic is an emerging power and it is for this reason that America, as the representative of the previous world order, has waged an all-out war against it,” Zarif claimed. “What is important now is to stay together, the foreign policy is not an arena to settle factional differences and that is why the foreign policy in the constitution is in the field of the Supreme Leader’s responsibilities."

Parliamentarians accused the foreign minister of an inconsistent political demeanour, and both Zarif and Rouhani of being out of touch with everyday realities.

“Mr Zarif, you said you negotiated to relieve the pressure on people’s livelihood, but are you aware that the value of dollar has reached 21,000 tomans? This is the result of your negotiation. Are you and Mr President not aware of the housing prices? This is the result of your actions,” parliamentarian Ali Reza Salimi said, addressing Zarif.

“Mr Zarif, how is that when you negotiate with the [UN Security Council] 5+1 you smile, but you come to the parliament angry?” Salimi asked.

Since the US withdrew from the Iran nuclear deal – otherwise known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) – and subsequently re-imposed ever-expanding economic sanctions, the value of Iran's rial currency has dropped by more than 60 percent. The country's unemployment rate has also dramatically increased.

Iran's oil exports have plummented from around 2.8 million barrels per day (bpd) in April 2018 to less than 300,000 bpd in recent months, and US economic pressure, coupled with rampant domestic corruption, have placed heavy economic pressure on the average citizen.

Parliament speaker Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, a hardliner, said after the meeting that the public's primary concerns are rooted in “economic difficulties”.

“I hope that the ministry of foreign affairs is able to do its job properly in the field of economy, the main element for strengthening the national clout.”

"One of the responsibilities of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is an active economic diplomacy,” said Zabihollah Azami, another MP, but "undermining the ministry of foreign affairs and in particular the senior diplomats in the current situation, is contrary to the national security and the interests of the country."

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:17| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

イタリアが北アフリカからの移民を受け入れる可能性

aljazeera2020/7/5
Italy says it may take migrants rescued in the Mediterranean

Fights and suicide bids on board Ocean Viking carrying 180 migrants had prompted declaration of a state of emergency.

Italy is carrying out tests on 180 migrants rescued in the Mediterranean with a view to transferring them to a quarantine vessel in Sicily, an interior ministry source said on Saturday.

The migrants have been on the Ocean Viking ship operated by SOS Mediterranee for more than a week, with fights and suicide attempts on board prompting the charity to declare a state of emergency on Friday.

A medical team sent by authorities in Pozzallo, Sicily "ascertained the absence of particular health problems and also reported that some tensions that had been registered on the ship are being overcome," the ministry source said.

The medical team is testing the migrants for the COVID-19 virus after which they will be transferred to a quarantine ship currently in Porto Empedocle, also in Sicily.

"The situation is carefully monitored in view of the transhipment of migrants, scheduled for Monday, 6 July, on the Moby Zaza ship," the source said.

The Ocean Viking, which has been in limbo in the Mediterranean south of Sicily, has been waiting for permission from Italy or Malta to offload the migrants at a safe port.

Tensions have risen in the past week, as witnessed by an AFP news agency's reporter on board the boat, as migrants have become increasingly desperate to reach land.

Others have become distraught over not being able to telephone their families to let them know they were safe.

SOS Mediteranee said in a statement on Saturday that "the only assistance proposed has been a visit by a medical doctor and a cultural mediator who spoke to the survivors but are not in a position to present a solution for their disembarkation".

The migrants, which include Pakistanis, North Africans, Eritreans, Nigerians and others, were picked up after fleeing Libya in four separate rescues by the Ocean Viking on June 25 and 30.

The migrants include 25 minors, most of whom are unaccompanied by adults, and two women, one of whom is pregnant.

More than 100,000 migrants tried to cross the Mediterranean last year with at least 1,200 dying in the attempt, according to the International Organization for Migration.

The arrival of summer and more favourable conditions at sea may lead to an increase of attempts to cross the Mediterranean with the hope of arriving in Europe.

2019年12月26日
アフリカからの移民流出は続くだろう
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:13| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

米国は超大国ではなくなってきている

世界における米国の地位が低下してきているというのは、私のかねてからの観察です。これは、政治、軍事、科学技術の面で現れています。

※ Sputnik2020年06月28日 00:05
欧州は米国のリーダーシップのない世界に向けて備えるべき=メルケル首相
ドイツのメルケル首相は26日、欧州メディアのインタビューに応じ、米国が世界のリーダーであることを志さなくてもよい新たな現実について欧州諸国は真剣に考えるべきだと述べた。

国民の保健問題でも新コロナウィルス問題ではっきりしました。
※ Prof. Keiko Torii@KeikoUToriid氏の2020/7/5のツイート
米国南部でコロナ感染爆発して二週間。早くも大統領は「もう知らな〜い。これからはウイルスと共存するのだ」と、事実を見て見ぬふり宣言。〇〇がリーダーとして君臨すると大国もすぐに滅ぶだろうという例に。。
がっかりした顔

※ 西さんの2020/7/5のコメント
今、白人が創り上げた米国は、歴史の巨大な歯車が回り始めました。2050年には、米国の白人は、少数派に転落します。米国崩壊の危機が来ます、この崩壊を防ぐためには米国をリニューアルしなければならない。

金融分野でも、米国の信用が落ちつつあります。米国の政治的プレゼンスが低下するのは歓迎しますが、金融分野で米国の地位が低下するとその過程では世界経済は大混乱になるでしょう。それがいつなのかはわかりませんが確実に近づいている。

米国に追随する英国の没落、劣化もすごいです。新コロナウィルスで米国と英国の陽性者、死者が多いのは、下層階級が感染回避をとれず、適切な医療サービスを受けられなかったためでしょう。

※ mko@trappedsoldier氏の2020/7/4のツイート
マドゥーロ政権が、ベネズエラの金を引き出すのを拒否したイングランド銀行と英高等裁判所。これは強盗であるだけでなく、イギリスの銀行と裁判所の評判の死を意味する―ジョージ・ギャロウェイ
エバ・バートレットがソーシャル・ディスタンス政策に理解があると見られるジョージ・ギャロウェイを感情的に非難していましたが、社会経験や見識の広さではジョージ・ギャロウェイが上。世界に知られる女性活動家も弱点を示してしまいました。

※ mko@trappedsoldier氏の2020/6/15のツイート
今、パックスアメリカーナが終わった。ドル石油支配体制も限界を迎え、アメリカ人政治家はみな世界から軽蔑され、世界中で戦争を煽りながら地上戦を戦える軍はない。アルカイダやISIS、ネオナチを使う姿もバレバレ。しかし戦争衝動が強いアメリカ

いつになるかわからないので、そっと書いておきますが、財政破綻状態の米国で金融が混乱すると、世界最大の米国債券保有国日本の円は暴落することになるのではないでしょうか。日本政府の保有する米国債券は売れないのです。巨額の資産がゼロにならないとしても大きく減価します。日米の力関係で踏み倒されることもあると考えるが常識的でしょう。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 21:30| Comment(0) | 国際・政治