ずくなしの冷や水

2020年05月12日

木々と知り合う サンタンカ

道端で見かけた丸い赤黒い実。イヌビワより大きく、まん丸だ。葉はくちなしに似ているようにも思うが、くちなしの実は丸くない。

いろいろ調べて、サンタンカの実だろうという結論になった。



赤黒くなった実を二つにちぎると中は未成熟のイチジクに似ている。サンタンカの実は柔らかく甘いと書いてあるのを見かけたが、甘くはなかった。それに、この種では蒔いても芽は出てこないだろう。



春に確かにペンタスのような花をつけていたような記憶もあるが、確かでない。来年の春まで待ってみよう。

上の写真の株は、何年も経ったのに花を確認できていません。実はついています。ということは咲いているんですよね。

次は、個人の家の生け垣の中に混じって咲いていたものです。あとで写真を撮ろうと思って何日か経過してから行ってみたら花が終わっていました。あ〜あ。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 23:19| Comment(0) | 木々と知り合う

ベネズエラは第二のシリアになる?

MOSCOW(Sputnik)2020/5/12
- Russia will consider Venezuela's request for help in investigation of a naval incursion if it receives such request, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on Tuesday .

"We and other countries provide humanitarian assistance to Venezuela, including medicines. With regard to other forms of cooperation, to answer your question on the investigation of the invasion of Venezuela by mercenaries tasked with sabotage, terrorist attack and overthrow of the legitimate president, our special services are in contact, and if there is a request, based on relevant agreements, for such assistance in such cases, of course, it will be considered," Lavrov said at a press conference after the meeting of foreign ministers of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

On 3 May, Venezuelan Interior Minister Nestor Reverol said an attempted maritime invasion by Colombian militants had been prevented as they tried to approach the northern state of La Guaira on speed boats. Eight militants were killed, and several others were detained in the counter-operation. One of the detained individuals, US national Luke Denman, who works for Silvercorp USA, said during an interrogation that the group's aim was to seize the Caracas airport and control it until Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro would be flown to the United States.

In turn, Colombia denied any involvement in the failed boat invasion, with the country’s Foreign Ministry saying in a statement on 3 May that the Venezuelan government was just trying to deflect attention from the "internal crisis" in the country.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:29| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ロシアの休業期間 5/12で打ち切り 直後にクレムリン広報官が入院

SPUTNIK2020/5/12
Kremlin Spokesperson Dmitry Peskov Hospitalised with COVID-19
Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov has confirmed that he has contracted the coronavirus.
"Yes, I have fallen ill. I'm undergoing treatment", Peskov said, adding that he is currently in hospital.

3月にはプーチンが視察した新コロナウィルス患者を治療する病院のチーフドクターが感染していることがわかり、クレムリンが慌てました。ペスコフはプーチンのテレビ出演に同行したり接触が多いです。今度もなかなかのショック。テレビ会議に移行しても側近が感染していたらプーチンも感染リスクが大きいです。

2020年03月31日
Russia's head of coronavirus hospital visited by Putin diagnosed with Covid-19 - reports
SPUTNIK2020/5/11
Putin Says Russia's Coronavirus-Related Days Off Work to End Tuesday
13:22 GMT 11.05.2020(updated 13:59 GMT 11.05.2020) Get

The Russian president first announced a period of nationwide 'non-working' days for non-essential workers in late March, extending them through the month of April and into early May as part of the country's effort to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus.

The period of state-mandated days off work for non-essential workers will end May 12, Russian President Vladimir Putin has announced.This will allow some sectors of the economy, including construction and agriculture, to resume their work, on the condition that they continue to follow strict safety rules.

"Starting from tomorrow, May 12, the national period of non-working days will be over for all sectors of the economy," he said.

At the same time, sanitary measures such as social distancing, restrictions on mass events, and mandatory wearing of facemasks in public will remain in place. Furthermore, the president said he still wanted Russians in high risk categories, including seniors over the age of 65, to remain indoors.

Putin made the announcement Monday at his latest videoconference meeting with medical officials, ministers and governors on the state of the coronavirus situation in the country.

Elsewhere in his remarks, Putin praised the health care system's generally effective response to the pandemic, pointing to a dramatic increase in hospital beds for COVID-19 patients from 29,000 when the crisis started to 130,000 now

The Russian president also suggested that the high mortality rate observed in some countries was connected to health care systems being overloaded, saying this was not a problem experienced in Russia. Putin also boasted on the ramping up of COVID-19 testing in Russia to reach one of the highest levels in the world.

"As the experience of the world has shown, it was the unpreparedness and overwhelming of health care systems that became the main cause of high mortality. This did not allow those who could be helped to be saved. And we, again, can now provide such assistance," Putin said.

The president also extended emergency powers to regional heads, urging authorities throughout Russia's regions to implement coronavirus containment measures based on the situation in their territory. Regions will continue to have the power to tighten or ease restrictions at will, if necessary.

Putin also promised new federal measures to provide support Russia's battered economy, and specifically sectors hit hardest by the pandemic. Over the past month, over 1.4 people have been left unemployed, with incomes across the retail sector down by 25 percent, and total economic activity said to have fallen by some 33 percent since the crisis started.

New measures proposed by Putin included employment support loans, additional payouts to families with children, and wage subsidies to companies which have kept 90 percent or more of their employees for the months of April and May. Other proposed measures include tax write offs for small businesses for 2020 Q2.

Reporting its first COVID-19 case in March, Russia's total reported infection rates have spiked to over 221,000 in the past two and a half months. The country's coronavirus-related mortality rate is just 2,009, less than one percent of total infections.


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:00| Comment(0) | Covid19

海外での陽性者発生状況 米国とブラジルは警告をまともに受け止めなかった

SPUTNIK2020/5/12
WHO Says US and Brazil Failed to Take Warnings About Virus Outbreak Seriously From the Start
The United States has the highest number of coronavirus cases globally, the only country reporting seven-digit numbers of infections. Brazil is also one of the 10 most infected nations according to the WHO. Its President Jair Bolsonaro has repeatedly dismissed the virus as just a "flu".

The United States and Brazil failed to take warnings issued by the World Health Organisation seriously right from the beginning of the coronavirus outbreak, Margaret Harris, a spokesperson for the international agency, told a virtual briefing on Tuesday.

The United States currently reports 1,298,287 confirmed cases of the coronavirus as well as 78,652 deaths, which makes the United States the leading nation in terms of both the number of infections and fatalities.

US President Trump has been repeatedly accused of downplaying the threat of the coronavirus infection, with his critics saying that he had missed opportunities in the early stages of the epidemic to introduce stricter measures to halt the spread of the virus.

Brazil has registered 162,699 cases and 11,123 fatalities so far, making it the seventh worst-hit nation, according to the WHO.

Similarly to Trump, Brazil's President Bolsonaro was accused of failing to take the coronavirus threat seriously by his opponents. Bolsonaro has repeatedly dismissed the coronavirus as "the flu" and has continued to meet the public after a trip to the United States in March, which saw 20 members of his delegation contract COVID-19.



https://www.google.com/search?client=firefox-b-d&q=russia+coronavirus+statisticsから

イタリアは強力なロックダウンを行いました。よううやく減少傾向定着で企業活動も再開の方向です。


トルコは最初陽性者ゼロが続きましたが、出始めてからの増加が激しい。何らかの操作を推測させます。


日本のこのグラフをまともに受け止める人はいないでしょう。


ここに来て毎日1万人以上の陽性者が見つかっています。早くから厳重な体制を敷き、休業措置も取りましたが、まだ十分な効果を上げたとは言えません。3月、4月までは外はまだ寒い。


少し減ってきてはいますが、新規陽性者の数は高水準で推移です。


ブラジルは大統領が新コロナウィルスを軽視、科学的な対処をほとんど無視しています。ひどいことになるでしょう。


エジプト旅行の日本人が次々に感染して帰国しました。ピラミッドを消毒したりしていますが、新コロナウィルスとの戦いは始まったばかりです。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 20:27| Comment(0) | Covid19

新コロナ 感染者の多いところでも250人に一人

ロシアが休業措置を原則停止し、建設業や農業などすべての産業分野で活動再開だそうです。モスクワなど流行が激しい地域は独自の規制を残すとしています。

ロシアでは今毎日11,000人程度の新規陽性者が出ていますが、これがピークとみているのでしょうか。
https://www.google.com/search?client=firefox-b-d&q=russia+coronavirus+statisticsから

累計陽性者は22万人を超え、米、西に次ぐ世界三位となっています。10万人当り検査数は3,751件で西、伊に次ぐ三位、10万人当たり陽性者数は154人で欧米諸国より低くなっています。

そして、10万人当り死亡数は1.4人でイタリアの50人、フランスの40人に比べて格段に低くなっています。米国は25人ほど。

陽性者の数は人口の大きさ、検査数の多さに応じて多くなっていますが、死者の数を抑えることには成功しています。

一方、陽性者数、死者の多いスペインでも10万人当りの陽性者数は500人ほど。千人当り5人、つまり200人に一人です。

新コロナウィルス感染を免れている人のほうが圧倒的多数です。日本で新コロナウィルスの抗体検査をやったら3.3%とか5.9%が陽性だったとされています。

陽性者は、多い国でも人口の0.5%。新コロナウィルスの抗体を持ったら免疫ができて再感染しないというわけでもなさそうです。急ぐ必要はない。まずは感染防止に全力をあげましょう。

私が見るところ、他の人に近づかない、人込みに行かない、特に屋内の人の多い場所は避ける、マスクをする、相手にもマスクをしてもらうことで、かなりの効果を上げられると考えています。

ロシアの今回の決定でも次のように明確にうたわれています。
sanitary measures such as social distancing, restrictions on mass events, and mandatory wearing of facemasks in public will remain in place.
社会的距離、大規模イベントの制限、公共の場でのフェイスマスクの強制着用などの衛生対策は引き続き実施される

日本では、相変わらずのマスク不足。放射性物質防御のためのマスクなら使用後は捨てるしかありません。材質からして洗っても落ちない場合が多いと見られるからです。新コロナウィルスは熱で殺菌できます。92度15分間が必要とされています。煮沸消毒か蒸気での消毒が弊害の恐れが少ないでしょう。

※ influenzer@influenzer3氏の2020/4/17のツイート
●SARS-CoV-2の不活化には92度15分の熱処理が必要
→信じがたい話ですが、SARS-CoV-2は通常の不活化処理の60度1時間の処理では死滅せず。
92度15分間が必要なようです。
無敵感満載です・・・
新型コロナウイルスが死滅する温度が判明からからです。

蒸気消毒は面倒ではありません。

小さな鍋の真ん中に食品の入っていた金属製の缶を置き、中にスプーンなどの重りとマスクを入れます。缶に蓋はしません。缶の周りに水を注ぎ入れて鍋を熱します。沸騰したら15分間持続。途中で水がなくならないように注意します。鍋にはもちろん蓋をします。

火事や火傷に注意してください。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 11:12| Comment(0) | Covid19