「我々は際限のない戦争を阻止しようとしている」イラク首相 米国大使に語る

‘We are trying to prevent open war,’ Iraqi PM tells US ambassador as tensions mount

Iraqi Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi has told US ambassador Matthew Tueller that Baghdad is doing all it can to prevent “descent into open war” as tensions flare over the US killing of top Iranian commander Qassem Soleimani.

Speaking at a meeting with Tueller in the Iraqi capital on Monday, Abdul-Mahdi said his government's policy has “always been to have relations with all sides.” He said Iraq wants to build its relations with other countries on “cooperation, mutual respect, and protection of foreign sovereignty,” adding that a strong Iraqi government is in “everyone's interest” in the region.

The PM also "stressed the importance of mutual cooperation" on implementing foreign troop withdrawal, according to a statement released by his office.

The meeting comes after US President Donald Trump warned Iraq that it should brace for “very big” sanctions “like they've never seen before.”

That warning followed the passing of a non-binding resolution in the Iraqi parliament on Sunday asking the government to expel foreign troops by canceling a request for military assistance from the US-led coalition. On Monday, Abdul-Mahdi said the US and Iraq must also work together to implement the withdrawal of foreign troops from the country.

Trump has claimed the US will not leave Iraq unless Baghdad “pays it back” for the “extraordinarily expensive” air base which it built there.

Tensions have mounted between Washington and Baghdad since the drone strike which killed Soleimani along with several Iraqi militia leaders last week, provoking rage in Tehran and the promise of revenge against the US.

The anger in Iraq, however, has mostly been over the fact that the US strike also killed Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, a high-ranking Iraqi general, Saad Al-Muttalibi, a member of Baghdad Security Committee, told RT.

Asked about Trump's threat to impose sanctions on Iraq, Al-Muttalibi said Iraqis "have to be worried" and can't trust Trump's "good intentions." If the US does impose sanctions, Iraq will need to look for "more suitable partners" than those who "come to Iraq, kill Iraqi citizens, use Iraqi airspace and Iraq ground to kill Iraqi officials," he said.

Speaking about the Iraqi parliament's resolution asking the government to expel foreign forces, he warned that it's "very important for the Americans to pull out [of Iraq]" because "we don't want to be drawn into a war between Iran and America on Iraqi soil."
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 11:22| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

米軍がイラクから退去 本当か?

US coalition to leave Iraq ‘in due deference to sovereignty’ – general

Citing a vote in the Iraqi parliament, the head of US forces in Iraq has informed the government in Baghdad that the US-led coalition will be leaving the country, in a letter that contradicts President Trump's earlier statements.

“In due deference to the sovereignty” of Iraq, the Combined Joint Task Force Iraq will be “repositioning forces over the course of the coming days and weeks to prepare for onward movement,” Marine General William H. Seely III wrote in a letter to the Iraqi Defense Ministry on Monday, which has surfaced online.

“We respect your sovereign decision to order our departure,” Seely wrote, explaining that the process will involve increased helicopter traffic into and out of Baghdad’s “green zone,” mainly during the night-time, with the Coalition seeking to “minimize and mitigate” disturbances to civilians.

There was initially some confusion about the letter's authenticity, with the Pentagon declining to confirm it was real However, US Army public affairs officer Rick Dickson stated shortly after the news broke that the letter is "official and accurate."

The Iraqi parliament adopted a resolution on Sunday seeking to “end the presence of any foreign troops on Iraqi soil,” prompted by last week’s US drone strike that killed Iranian General Qassem Soleimani and a number of Iraqi Shia militia officials at the Baghdad International Airport.

US President Donald Trump responded by threatening sanctions and saying the US will not leave until the Iraqis “pay us back” for an airbase that he said cost billions of dollars to build.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo likewise dismissed the non-binding resolution, saying that he was “confident that the Iraqi people want the United States to continue to be there to fight the counterterror campaign.”

The US-led coalition forces were sent to Iraq in 2014, to help the government in Baghdad confront Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) terrorists that had taken a significant portion of Iraqi territory, all of which has since been liberated.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:28| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ソレイマニ暗殺 なぜ今なのだろう


@ 米軍が自らの攻撃の模様を公開するようになった。なぜ?

A ソレイマニはサウジとの緊張緩和の仲介の労を取ったアブドゥル・マフディ首相にイランの回答を届ける途中だったとされています。





とにかくソレイマニがいると、米国やイスラエルが思うようにできない。ISISも結局敗退してしまった。米国の中東政策がことごとく失敗に帰する。ISIS 2.0も視野に入れて、失地を挽回しようとしているのに、近代兵器・作戦分野ではロシア、在来戦法分野、インテリジェンスの面ではイラン(のソレイマニ)に妨害され続けるのは、我慢ができない。




B 2に関連しますが、ソレイマニが特使になったのは、アブドゥル・マフディ首相に情勢を、状況をレクチャーするためだったのではないでしょうか。イラクの情報機関はそんなに優秀ではないし、米軍の影響もある。正しい判断に欠かせない真の情報は、ソレイマニから直接聞くのが最もよい。マフディ首相はそう考えていたでしょう。米軍との摩擦が強まっており、マフディが辞任表明を強いられた暴動の背後にも米国がいました。

C 1/3にソレイマニがマフディ首相と会って何を伝えようとしていたのか。米軍は伝えさせたくない何かがあったのか。それゆえ、空港近くで暗殺を強行したのか。

D マフディ首相はソレイマニを自分が招いたと述べています。そしてそのためにバクダッドでソレイマニが暗殺された。マフディがまともな人間であれば、当然強い責任を感じます。


Pompeo Sought to 'Take Out' Soleimani After Iran's Downing of US Spy Drone - Reports
The US assassination of top Iranian general Qassem Soleimani, alongside other senior members of the Iraqi militia, has stoked tensions in the Middle East and reverberated throughout the world, sparking fears of full-scale war, as Washington and Iran engage in rhetoric laden with threats.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo was instrumental in getting US President Donald Trump to sign off on the air strikes that killed top Iranian commander Qassem Soleimani, according to US officials cited by The Washington Post.

After large protests erupted outside the US Embassy in Baghdad at the end of December, with demonstrators hurling Molotov cocktails at the compound, Mike Pompeo discussed the new security threat to his diplomats in phone calls with Defense Secretary Mark T. Esper, Gen. Mark A. Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Matthew Tueller, the US ambassador to Iraq. Pompeo was also said to have spoken with President Donald Trump multiple times throughout the week.

On 29 December, Pompeo, Esper and Milley reportedly traveled to the president’s private club in Florida, where the two defense officials offered possible option responses to Iranian aggression, including the targeted killing of Soleimani, senior US officials said.

Trump’s decision to target Soleimani came as a surprise and even shock to some officials briefed on his decision, writes the outlet.

Trump’s decision to approve the killing of Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps' (IRGC) Al Quds commander Maj. Gen. Qasem Soleimani was the culmination of determined urging by Mike Pompeo and Vice President Mike Pence, the officials are cited as saying on condition of anonymity.

A significant factor cited was the “lockstep” coordination for the operation between Pompeo and Esper, both graduates in the same class at the US Military Academy, who deliberated ahead of the briefing with Trump.

Pence was claimed to have also endorsed the decision, while not attending the meeting in Florida.

“Taking out Soleimani would not have happened under [former secretary of defense Jim] Mattis. Mattis was opposed to all of this. It’s not a hit on Mattis, it’s just his predisposition. Milley and Esper are different. Now you’ve got a cohesive national security team and you’ve got a secretary of state and defense secretary who’ve known each other their whole adult lives,” the official is quoted as saying.

Pompeo reportedly first spoke with Donald Trump about killing Soleimani months ago, when the US President declined to retaliate militarily against Iran after the downing of a US surveillance drone that Tehran claimed violated its airspace - a fact Washington had denied. Tensions between Iran and the United States nearly escalated into a dangerous direct confrontation as President Donald Trump approved airstrikes against Tehran following the incident, but abruptly backtracked on his decision.

That decision by the President, according to one cited official, left Pompeo “morose.”

A reshuffle of Trump’s national security team, and concerns lest he be viewed as hesitant in the face of Iranian aggression, the sources claim, offered Pompeo an opportunity to press ahead with the action he had been advocating. The officials are quoted as referring to Pompeo’s fixation on Iran that spans 10 years of government service from Congress to the CIA to the State Department.

In the days since the strike, Pompeo has been speaking to allies and making the public case for the operation.

“We took a bad guy off the battlefield. We made the right decision... I’m proud of the effort that President Trump undertook," Pompeo told CNN.

Critics inside and outside the administration have questioned Pompeo’s justification for the strike based on his claims that “dozens if not hundreds” of American lives were at risk.

Pressed on Sunday about the imminent nature of the threats, Pompeo dismissed the questions.

“If you’re an American in the region, days and weeks − this is not something that’s relevant,” Pompeo told CNN.

In the early hours of Friday, 3 January, Qassem Soleimani and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, the deputy commander of an Iraqi Shia militia group, were struck by a US drone near Baghdad International Airport. Both were blamed by Washington for organising demonstrations at the US Embassy in Baghdad on 31 December.

Washington justified the assassination by claiming that Soleimani was plotting sabotage against US assets in the Middle East. However, no proof of the alleged plot was provided.

As Iranian President Hassan Rouhani warned that Tehran would take revenge for what it views to be a heinous crime, US President Donald Trump said that Washington has identified 52 further Iranian targets, including those important for the Iranian culture, that would be struck if Tehran attacks US individuals or assets.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:43| Comment(0) | 国際・政治