ずくなしの冷や水

2019年10月02日

イラク政府の汚職体質は改まらないようだ

シリア内戦問題、ISIS問題を通じてイラクの政治事情についても少し情報に触れることがありましたが、イラク兵をはじめとして服装などが他国に比べてアメリカナイズされています。典型が帽子とサングラス。

ISISがモースルに最初の本部を置きました。バグダーディがモースル アル・ヌーリ大モスクで演説をしました。ISISに協力することはカネになったんです。イラクにはそういう協力をする人が少なくなかった。

バグダーディの消息についても、イラクの政府内部関係者とされる人も含めて盛んにかく乱情報を流しました。かく乱情報を流させたのは、米国サイドです。イラク軍の中に米軍に通じる人たちが相当数いるらしく、毅然とした対処をしなかったためにボランティア軍ができたのだと思います。米軍はこれを目の敵にしましたが、当然です。ISIS掃討に関して米軍の制止を聞かなかったわけですから。米軍のイラク内駐留についてもイラク国内には推進派がいるとされます。

イラクの国防大臣だったでしょうか、物資調達に関する国家議員による介入を批判したため命を狙われ、結局議会の決議で辞任せざるを得なくなりました。その辺はシリアと全く違うところだと思います。

7か月前の選挙の後首相に任命されたAdil Abdul-Mahdiに対する攻撃が強まっているようです。背景や理由はよくわかりません。

Adil Abdul-Mahdi氏は、欧州に留学し、欧州で暮らしていた期間が長いようです。こういう人が選ばれるということは、利害関係者が与しやすしと考えているからですね。



次のニュースは、イラク軍の将校がCIAのエージェントにイラク軍の基地の場所などを緯度経度で教えていた、その音声を傍受したというものです。米軍、イスラエル軍に空爆される恐れありとしています。この将校、銃殺刑になってもおかしくない。でも、これまでの例からするとこういう米軍やCIAに通じた兵士は少なくない。情報組織も同じのようです。

アルジャジーラの記事は、ISIS支配下でISISに役務や労務を強いられた元公務員が、訴追されて死刑になる人もいることが書かれています。

RT2019/10/2
Gunshots, tear gas & water cannons: Clashes between protesters and police erupt in Baghdad, several people injured (VIDEO, PHOTOS)
Several thousand Iraqis were protesting against unemployment and corruption in Baghdad. The rally turned chaotic as demonstrators tried to enter the government quarter, triggering a police response.

Around 3,000 people gathered in the center of the Iraqi capital on Tuesday, demanding improvement in the economic situation, and protesting widespread youth unemployment and alleged high-profile corruption cases.

The demonstrators tried to enter the ‘Green Zone’ – a fortified quarter with restricted access, which houses government buildings and foreign embassies. Police responded with force to disperse the crowds.

Footage from the scene shows police using water cannons and stun grenades, with clouds of tear gas covering the streets. The protesters set various objects on fire and pelted police with projectiles.

Law enforcement was seen shooting guns into the air to warn protesters to stay away from the Green Zone.

Several people received injuries, including what appeared to be gunshot wounds. It was not immediately clear whether the protesters were hit by police fire, and whether the officers used live or rubber ammunition.

Mass protests leading to widespread violence have occurred on a regular basis since 2015. In April 2016, demonstrators managed to enter the Green Zone and ultimately occupy the parliament building.

Two decades of war – the US invasion, years of sectarian violence, and the emergence of Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) – have taken a heavy toll on the economy and infrastructure of the nation, leaving many people lacking the most basic services, such as access to water. General political instability, the emergence of various militias formed to supposedly fight the terrorists, as well as rumored high-profile corruption, have also become pretexts for the protests.


aljazeera 2019/7/10
Iraq government employees face prosecution for working under ISIL
From teachers to doctors, those forced to serve during ISIL's occupation of Iraq face up to 20 years in prison. by Tessa Fox

Mosul, Iraq - As the city fell to the occupation of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) five years ago, many doctors in Mosul's public hospital ripped off their scrubs and fled.
Labeeb, a doctor himself, was unable to join his colleagues in their escape as he had just reached the hospital with his wife who was showing complications in her pregnancy.
"There were lots of gunshots... The doctors even left their patients and ran away," Labeeb, whose name has been changed to protect his identity, told Al Jazeera in an interview last month.

His wife needed a caesarean section though the anaesthetist had already fled, leaving her to bear a child with a birth defect at 8pm on June 9, 2014 - the same day ISIL took over the city.
"My child was about to die. It was a tough time. It forced me to stay in the hospital and witness everything," he said.
Labeeb, employed by the Iraqi government, is one of the hundreds of government employees under investigation for working under ISIL, also known as ISIS.
As the group occupied the city, it began building its administration from the foundations of the existing Iraqi government workforce.

Mosul's Old City remains largely in ruins two years after ISIL defeat
It was the blueprint the armed group set up across all the territories it controlled. At its peak, ISIL employed thousands of teachers, doctors and various civil employees, even down to municipality drivers.

Considering Labeeb remained in Mosul to care for his wife and newborn child, ISIL took advantage of his expertise.
As Human Rights Watch (HRW) has pointed out in various reports, including Flawed Justice - Accountability for ISIS Crimes in Iraq, all civil employees are subject to investigation and prosecution under the government's blanket system for dealing with ISIL affiliates under its counter-terrorism law.

Forced to work
Within a month after the birth of his child, Labeeb received a phone call informing him to meet in a cafe in Mosul to discuss going back to work.
"I felt shocked because I didn't know who they were," he said.
His number was obtained by ISIL from the Nineveh government employment records.

English teacher Younis Muawiyah, 35, a government employee at Mosul High School since 2008, fell into the same position as Labeeb when the armed group seized control of the city.
"At first they sent me a message saying: 'You should come into the school because we need you.' I didn't answer them. I ignored it at first," Muawiyah said.

"The second day they sent me another message: 'You should come otherwise we'll punish you.'"
Muawiyah reluctantly went back to work, teaching a class of 150 ISIL children.
"They learned English in order to know what their enemies, such as the US, said," he added.
There are no exact numbers of government workers currently prosecuted or facing investigation under the counter-terrorism law, though HRW has documented charges against a "wide range" of individuals.

Salim Muhammed Noori, chief judge of Nineveh Court, told Al Jazeera it was difficult for a government employee to work for ISIL.
He said people did not have to stay in Mosul when ISIL came. "A lot of important people left the city," Noori added.

Harsh sentences
The Iraqi justice department has an investigation division that looks into the cases of those who worked for ISIL, gathering written witness statements and evidence.
HRW said only in a handful of cases has the court questioned witnesses or called them in to give evidence.
Considering many arrests are based on names provided to the security forces from ordinary civilians, there are cases where feuds between people have resulted in someone's name being submitted as an act of revenge, residents told Al Jazeera.

Muawiyah said, due to false witness accounts, there were many people in prison who did not work with ISIL.
"If I hate you, I can go to the police station and say this person worked with ISIL. You're innocent but you'll stay in prison until they check, and after that the government just says 'sorry'," Muawiyah said.

Noori confirmed this version of Iraqi "amnesty".
"If somebody is sent to prison because they killed someone then afterwards we find the person is not dead - they get out of prison," he explained.
HRW also highlighted charges are often based on confessions extracted under duress.

Labeeb continued working for three years under ISIL rule, even after the Iraqi government cut salaries in mid-2015, and the group offered no payment.
He worked at the Mosul Oncology Hospital, in which ISIL's leadership used the basement as a hiding place and patients and workers as human shields from air raids, Labeeb explained.

He was instructed not to examine female patients, but he refused their order.
"ISIL couldn't punish doctors because numbers were very few and they needed us, so they would only say bad things to us," Labeeb said. He said his constant refusal to follow ISIL's orders led to the investigation against him to be dropped by Iraqi authorities.

"The intelligence says I didn't join ISIL. It was proved I was innocent," Labeeb said. "I tried to get away from them as much as I could, so I didn't interact with them. Others may have had direct contact with them, [so they are] the people who are in danger now," he added.

In the Nineveh Counter-terrorism Court, under which the Mosul region falls, if someone is found guilty of a killing in the name of ISIL they are sentenced to death by hanging.
The minimum sentence given for someone who joined ISIL, including those who worked under the group, is 15 to 20 years in prison.

Noori said each case is carefully considered, but he acknowledged it was not an easy task.
"While ISIL never had any human rights and did so many bad things to the Iraqi people, [we have] guarantees to protect these suspects," he said.

Granting amnesty
For those convicted in Iraqi courts, some may be entitled to release under the General Amnesty Law.
For this to be possible, the person convicted would have to provide evidence showing they joined ISIL against their will and did not commit a serious offence.

Belkis Wille, HRW's senior Iraq researcher, said it is difficult for people to prove they were forced to work for the armed group because the bar has been set so high.
"The government would argue that you should have stayed at home, because by then you aren't working for the Iraqi government any more. So why did you continue to work," Wille said.
Even though this law exists, and would benefit the government workers forced to work under ISIL, HRW found the majority of judges handing counter-terrorism cases are not applying it.
HRW detailed a senior counter-terrorism judge in Nineveh who expressed his refusal to apply the law "because he thought no one who provided any support to ISIL deserved an amnesty".
It is also noted a senior judge recommended the death penalty for a man who was a cook for ISIL fighters.

Wille said there should be broad amnesty applied to people who are not linked to violent crimes.
"Particularly for those in government functions that helped keep the rights of people in that area, so people could continue to have access to water, electricity, et cetera," Wille said.
The way prosecutions are being handled are misguided and not helping the future of Iraq, she added.

"There's no comprehensive transitional justice action plan where prosecutions play a key role in helping to heal wounds and foster reconciliation," Wille said.

FARSNEWS2019/7/6
Hezbollah Releases Audio Files of Iraqi Officer's Phone Coordination with CIA against Hashd Al-Shaabi
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iraq's Hezbollah popular group released a series of audio files revealing phone talks and Whatsapp chats between a senior Iraqi officer in al-Anbar province and the US spy agency, CIA, against Iraq's Hashd al-Shaabi (popular forces).

The audio files disclosed contacts between Mahmoud al-Falahi, the commander of al-Anbar operations in the Iraqi army, with a CIA agent who is an Iraqi national.

The CIA agent asked al-Falahi to provide him with the geographical coordinates of the existing military bases at the borders between Iraq and Syria "to be attacked by the US and Israeli air forces".

He also told al-Falahi to meet with "the US army and intelligence service commanders in Erbil in Iraqi Kurdistan region or at the US forces' base in al-Habaniyeh" in Western Iraq.


During the conversations, al-Falahi provided the detailed coordinates of military bases in al-Anbar to the agent.

Hezbollah described the audio files as documents showing al-Falahi's "plot against the Iraqi army, security, Hashd al-Shaabi and resistance forces ", warning that his spying for the CIA and Israeli Mossad spy agencies has endangered Iran's national security.

Iraqi security sources disclosed in 2016 that Washington was exerting pressure on the Baghdad government to end Hashd al-Shaabi's partnership in war against ISIL and dissolve the militia army that has the lion share in the war on terrorism in the country.

"The US government has conveyed the message to the Iraqi government through its diplomats that there is no need to Hashd al-Shaabi forces and their role should come to an end," a senior Iraqi source, speaking on condition of anonymity, told FNA at the time.

A senior member of the Iraqi parliament revealed last month the US plots and attempts to dissolve Hashd al-Shaabi with pressures on Iraq's government after the popular forces regained control over Iraq's borders with Syria.

The Arabic-language al-Ma'aloumeh news website quoted Odai Awad as saying that the US was pressuring Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi to force him act against Hashd al-Shaabi.

He referred to the US embassy's contacts with the ISIL commanders, and said certain regions in Iraq are showing allegiance to the ISIL again in a way that a number of Iraqi security commanders have compared the situation to the situation in 2014.

Awad said that the US pressures started after Hashd al-Shaabi forces retook control over the Iraqi-Syrian borders, adding that at present, some measures are being adopted against Hashd al-Shaabi on the political and international scene in a bid to disturb the public opinion in freed areas.

FARSNEWS2019/7/9
Ba'ath Party Spying on Hashd Al-Shaabi for US
TEHRAN (FNA)- A prominent Iraqi security expert warned that members of the dissolved Ba'ath party are collecting intel for the US in Western Iraq, mainly through spying on Hashd al-Shaabi forces.

The Arabic-language al-Ma'aloumeh news website quoted Moa'ayed al-Ali as saying on Tuesday that members of Ba'ath party have infiltrated into the Iraqi security bodies in Western Iraq.

He added that they collect intelligence on security units and Hashd al-Shaabi in Iraq and relay the intel to the US forces.

Al-Ali said that the number of Ba'ath party members has increased in Western Iraq, warning that some have managed to be appointed to security posts in the region through bribery.

Last week, Iraq's Hezbollah popular group released a series of audio files revealing phone talks and Whatsapp chats between a senior Iraqi officer in al-Anbar province and the US spy agency, CIA, against Iraq's Hashd al-Shaabi.

The audio files disclosed contacts between Mahmoud al-Falahi, the commander of al-Anbar operations in the Iraqi army, with a CIA agent who is an Iraqi national.

The CIA agent asked al-Falahi to provide him with the geographical coordinates of the existing military bases at the borders between Iraq and Syria "to be attacked by the US and Israeli air forces".

He also told al-Falahi to meet with "the US army and intelligence service commanders in Erbil in Iraqi Kurdistan region or at the US forces' base in al-Habaniyeh" in Western Iraq.

During the conversations, al-Falahi provided the detailed coordinates of military bases in al-Anbar to the agent.

Hezbollah described the audio files as documents showing al-Falahi's "plot against the Iraqi army, security, Hashd al-Shaabi and resistance forces ", warning that his spying for the CIA and Israeli Mossad spy agencies has endangered Iran's national security.

RUDAW2019/6/17
Iraq PM feels the heat as Shiite heavyweights blast leadership
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – Iraq’s Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi could find himself in hot water after a major Shiite bloc in the Iraqi parliament and the highest Shiite religious authority both launched scathing attacks on his leadership, seven months since he took office.

Commemorating the fifth anniversary of the fatwa that led to the establishment of Shiite paramilitaries Hashd al-Shaabi, the Shiite Marja Ali al-Sistani criticized Abdul-Mahdi over his failure to fill top posts in his cabinet, tackle corruption, and improve public services.

Disputes between Iraq’s parties have left the top jobs at the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Defense unfilled, the Marja lamented in his Friday sermon, read by his representative Ahmed al-Safi.

“Corruption still remains rampant in the institutions, and the state hasn’t met that with clear practical steps to limit it and hold those involved accountable,” he said.

“Administrative bureaucracy, lack of employment opportunities, and an acute shortage of essential services, except for some late improvement, cause suffering for the people.”

Failure to address these issues could lead to the resurgence of the Islamic State group (ISIS), he warned.

Sistani’s criticism prompted Sayirun, the biggest bloc in the Iraqi parliament led by firebrand Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, to demand Abdul-Mahdi appear before MPs.

“We find ourselves obligated to invite the head of the Council of Ministers and his cabinet to appear before the Council of Representatives to present a thorough and detailed report the rate of completion of the governmental program and explain the hurdles that have prevented its implementation,” Hassan al-Aquli, head of the Sayirun alliance parliamentary bloc, told reporters Saturday.

When he took office, Abdul-Mahdi pledged to complete the foundations of the federal state and its democratic republican system, promote the rule of law and strengthen security, invest in water and other essential infrastructure, and strengthen the economy and public services.

Iraqis are “disappointed” with the current conditions, Aquli said, speaking in Iraq’s holy city of Najaf. The PM must provide MPs with figures showing progress is being made and evidence he is tackling corruption, he added.

Abdul-Mahdi established the Supreme Anti-Corruption Council in January to fight graft. Iraq is ranked by Transparency International as among the world’s most corrupt countries.

In March 2019, while appearing before parliament, Abdul-Mahdi identified cases of corruption in 40 different sectors of the state, including oil, border controls, customs, electricity, prisons, pensions, and IDPs, among others.

Aquli said little progress has been made.

The government is not performing “at the required level”, he said. “This is a fact we have to admit.”

The Hikma Front, led by Shiite cleric Ammar al-Hakim, announced on Sunday it will officially become the parliament’s first opposition bloc as a result of growing discontent with Abdul-Mahdi’s government.

As an independent technocrat, Abdul-Mahdi does not have a party or bloc in parliament.

Hisham al-Hashimi, an Iraqi security analyst, said in a Facebook post Sunday: “The future of ousting or continuing the government of Adil Abdul-Mahdi depends on the success of countering the complaints” of his critics, “especially countering the coalition’s MPs from holding the government on its failure to implement its programs and promises.”

The PM has already said he has no plans to resign, but has conceded parliament could oust him.

Changing the prime minister is solely within the constitutional authority of parliament, Abdul-Mahdi told reporters in his weekly press conference on Wednesday. However, “there is no fight in the parliament towards this direction,” he added.

Removing Abdul-Mahdi could undermine Iraq’s already shaky recovery, as local and foreign leaders warn of an ISIS resurgence.

Moreover, the uptick in US-Iran tensions could spill over into Iraq and further undermine its hard-won stability.

http://fna.ir/dbalf9
Thu Jul 25, 2019 4:45
Senior MP: US Spreads Terrorism, Corruption in Iraq
TEHRAN (FNA)- A senior Iraqi lawmaker described the US as the creator of terrorism and corruption in Iraq, calling on the government to confront the Americans' recent aggression and sanctions through diplomatic channels.

Riyadh al-Massoudi, a representative of al-Sa'eroun coalition at the Iraqi parliament, told the Arabic-language al-Ma'aloumeh news website on Wednesday that the US has spread corruption and terrorism in Iraq since it occupied the country in 2003.

He added that the US sanctions against Iraq is an instrument to stir a political crisis in the country, saying that the foreign ministry and the parliament's security and defense committee should confront and retaliate the US sanctions and its army's aggression against the country's people in different cases, including killing civilians by the infamous Blackwater company in Baghdad, mistreatment of prisoners and the recent visit by US President Donald Trump to Ein al-Assad base in al-Anbar.

Al-Massoudi called on the Iraqi government to provide the US congress, the UNSC and the UN with the documents of the US aggressions and crimes in Iraq.

The US treasury had earlier this month sanctioned four Iraqi politicians, including two senior members of Hashd al-Shaabi (Iraqi popular forces).

The sanctioned individuals include Rayan al-Kildani, who is the leader of a Christian Hashd faction called the Babylon Movement, Waad Qado, who is head of Hashd’s Shabak 30th Brigade, former Nineveh governor Nawfal Hamadi, and former Saladin governor and current MP Ahmed al-Jabouri.






posted by ZUKUNASHI at 23:52| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

これは管理人の妄想だと思いますが 高学歴の人は理解し始めた?

この記事は2019/8月分までの市町村別人口動態を整理した結果を使って書いていますが、どうも指数悪化傾向の強い地域が固定化してきたように感じます。

最近管理人が聞いている話では、被ばくが原因とみられる疾患を患っている家族員がいる家庭でその世帯主が決断して西日本や海外へ脱出するケースが出ているそうです。そしてその世帯主は高学歴のことが多いと。

高学歴と言えば、学部卒以上ですよね、今なら。単に東大を出ていても高学歴とは言い難い。となると、医師や研究者? そう言う人が職場を変えてまで家族のために移住を決断する例が出ているのだそうです。

「被ばくが原因とみられる疾患」にり患し、移住によって改善や再発回避が見込めるものというと、甲状腺疾患、良性の白血病やがんなどでしょうか。骨折や成長遅滞などもあるのかもしれません。

その辺はよくわかりませんが、とにかくそういう動きが出ている。被ばくによる影響を大したことはないと見積もっていたが、実際に家族に患者が出て、これは見込み違いだったと気づいたということですね。「高学歴」の方々が。



千葉県内の小選挙区のうち総合指数の悪いもの
小選挙区 主要都市 出生率変化率 死亡率変化率 短期指数 長期指数 総合指数
千葉1 中央区 0.93 1.05 -0.12 -0.29 -0.41
千葉10 成田市 0.90 1.04 -0.14 -0.21 -0.35
千葉11 茂原市 0.90 1.04 -0.14 -0.20 -0.34
千葉9 佐倉市 0.96 1.05 -0.09 -0.24 -0.33
千葉4 船橋市 0.93 1.03 -0.10 -0.22 -0.32
千葉13 鎌ケ谷市 0.92 1.00 -0.09 -0.23 -0.32

千葉1区、9区、10区は連なっています。千葉市の古い市街地の辺りは、鹿島灘から東京湾に抜ける風の通り道です。その風上は佐倉市、成田市、香取市。4区、13区はおすそ分けにあずかっている感じですね。8年半経過して東葛よりこちらが悪くなっています。

千葉市長の熊谷某は、この前の台風被害でも無為無策と酷評されていました。市民がそれでいいと選んだんですよね。

神奈川県の小選挙区のうち総合指数の悪いもの
小選挙区 主要都市 出生率変化率 死亡率変化率 短期指数 長期指数 総合指数
神奈川14 相模原市 0.90 1.05 -0.15 -0.28 -0.43
神奈川16 厚木市 0.93 1.02 -0.09 -0.28 -0.37
神奈川13 大和市 0.95 1.05 -0.10 -0.26 -0.36
神奈川6 保土ケ谷区 0.91 1.01 -0.10 -0.24 -0.34

神奈川11 横須賀市 0.93 1.03 -0.10 -0.23 -0.34
神奈川8 青葉区 0.93 1.00 -0.07 -0.24 -0.31
神奈川5 戸塚区 0.97 0.99 -0.02 -0.27 -0.29



こちらは初期吸気被ばくの多かった地域です。横須賀市を除いて連なっています。
この方は横浜市民の不幸を見届けてくれる人? 横浜の人たちに限らず日本人がどんどんこの方の表情に似てきていると思いますが、どうでしょう。


東京都の小選挙区のうち総合指数の悪いもの
小選挙区 主要都市 出生率変化率 死亡率変化率 短期指数 長期指数 総合指数
東京23 町田市 0.94 1.06 -0.11 -0.31 -0.42
東京24 八王子市 0.96 1.01 -0.05 -0.24 -0.29
東京20 東村山市 0.92 0.98 -0.06 -0.23 -0.28
東京25 青梅市 0.98 1.01 -0.03 -0.23 -0.27

東京13 足立区 0.92 1.00 -0.09 -0.12 -0.21
東京21 日野市 1.00 1.03 -0.03 -0.17 -0.20
東京19 西東京市 0.97 1.00 -0.03 -0.15 -0.18

東京16 江戸川区 0.95 1.00 -0.05 -0.12 -0.17


悪化トレンドが定着してきた印象があります。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 23:03| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

スマホで画像を縮小する

最初に連絡事項

同報メールをお送りしている
s・・・・@icloud.com さんクオーターオーバーです。メールサーバーの容量が限界です。保存しているメールを少し整理してください。

スマホを活用する方が増えているようです。

カメラで写真を撮ってすぐメールで送れて便利ですが、写真の画質を維持しようとすると、画像ファイルの容量が大きくなります。2MB、3MBもありますと受け取る側もなかなか容易でない。すぐメールサーバーがいっぱいになります。

手元のアンドロイドで画像の縮小を試みましたが、最初からついているアプリでは縮小の機能はないんですね。トリミングはありますが。

アプリを入れないといけないようです。
こんなサイトが参考になります。

https://andropp.jp/cat_aboutapp/001412541/

https://android.app-liv.jp/hobbies/images/1890/

管理人はスマホでメールを打たないので写真を添付することもありません。撮った写真は、いったんパソコンに入れて簡単な画像処理ソフト Jtrim で加工しています。

以前書きましたが、管理人は充電兼用のコード接続でスマホの中のSDカードの画像を読み出しています。

メールはパソコンから、ブログへの画像アップもパソコンからです。

スマホからメールを打つ方は、アプリを入れて縮小ができるようにしたほうが良いかもしれませんね。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 19:08| Comment(0) | デジタル・インターネット

Iran Blames US-Led Coalition for Unbelievable Increase in Drug Production in Afghanistan

Iran Blames US-Led Coalition for Unbelievable Increase in Drug Production in Afghanistan
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iran's Prosecutor General Mohammad Jafar Montazeri blasted the US-led coalition for the soaring increase in production of different illicit drugs in Afghanistan, warning that the country is also turning into the pole of industrial narcotics.

"Based on the data provided by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, 200 tons of drugs were produced before the presence of the coalition forces in Afghanistan that has now soared to 10,000 tons, meaning that it has undergone a 50-fold increase," Montazeri said, addressing the 17th summit of the member states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in Kyrgyzstan on Tuesday.

He also warned that Afghanistan is now turning into the pole of industrial narcotics production in the world.

Montazeri said that the political and social situation and the presence of foreigners in Afghanistan is a major obstacle to the central government's efforts to prevent drug production, and expressed concern about the damages that this danger inflicts on Iran as Afghanistan's neighbor.

The Iranian police officials maintain that drug production in Afghanistan has hugely increased since the US-led invasion of the country in 2001.

Afghan and western officials blame Washington and NATO for the change, saying that allies have "overlooked" the drug problem since invading the country more than 18 years ago.


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:55| Comment(0) | 国際・政治