ずくなしの冷や水

2019年07月30日

ブラジル産もダメか 農薬汚染

RT2019/7/30
Brazil’s toxic pesticides ‘affecting people all over the world’ through agricultural exports

Brazil’s embrace of highly toxic pesticides – the government has approved 262 so far this year and loosened regulations on what is considered “extremely toxic” – is affecting people far outside its borders, an expert tells RT.

“EU-banned pesticide[s are] being manufactured in the EU, and then coming back to citizens in the EU, in the food we eat,” environmental journalist and founding member of the Green Economic Institute think tank Oliver Tickell told RT, explaining that as one of the largest soy exporters in the world, Brazil supplies a significant quantity of the feed that cattle and other livestock worldwide consume. European consumers tucking into a juicy steak have no idea that the creature they’re eating might have been nourished on soy sprayed with highly toxic pesticides.

“This is not just a problem for Brazil and Brazilian people and people exposed in the countryside to these pesticides and consumers and farmers,” Tickell warned. “It is actually affecting people all over the world through Brazil’s agricultural exports.”

ANVISA, the Brazilian public health regulatory agency, relaxed pesticide regulations last week so that only those chemicals with lethal potential can be classified as “extremely toxic,” triggering a massive backlash from environmental groups, human rights organizations, and food safety advocates. The fervently pro-business government of President Jair Bolsonaro has already approved 262 pesticides this year, 82 of which are classed as “extremely toxic,” as he follows through on campaign promises to demolish environmental regulations and open up protected rainforest lands to mining and agriculture.

Dozens of pesticides banned or strictly regulated in the EU, including paraquat and chlorpyrifos, were already permitted for use in Brazil before Bolsonaro took power, and the country uses approximately 400,000 tons of pesticides per year, according to Human Rights Watch. While Agriculture Minister Tereza Cristina has flatly denied Brazil uses any more pesticides than any other country, attributing such allegations to “data manipulation” and accusing critics of “terrorism,” EcoWatch claims the country consumes more pesticides per capita than any other nation.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 18:46| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

欧米はシリアの経済妨害をやめろ!

RT2019/7/29
US-trained ‘saboteurs’ sent from Al-Tanf to destabilize situation in other parts of Syria – Moscow
US-trained saboteurs are being sent from Al-Tanf to other parts of Syria to try to destabilize the situation, Col. Gen. Sergey Rudskoy, chief of the Main Operational Directorate of the Russian General Staff, said on Monday. A ‘major armed unit’ of Jaish Magawir al-Saura militants is being trained in the 55km zone surrounding the Al-Tanf base, he said.

Almost 2,700 militants are being trained in the US-controlled Al-Tanf zone for activities including the destruction of the oil and gas infrastructure and conducting terrorist attacks against Syrian government forces, RIA Novosti quoted Rudskoy as saying at the Defense Ministry.

He said that some of these militants are being transferred by
US Air Force helicopters to the trans-Euphrates region.

In November last year, spokesperson for the Russian Foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova said that Moscow has information about the US military training militants in the Al-Tanf region. The big US military base is adjacent to the borders of Syria, Iraq, and Jordan, and is close to the highway connecting Baghdad with Damascus.


FARSNEWS2019/7/26
ISIL Plotting to Paralyze Syria’s Economy in Line with US Sanctions
TEHRAN (FNA)- The ISIL terrorists have increased their attacks on Syria’s economic resources as the country is strugggling against harsh economic sanctions by the US and the West, sources said.

A Syrian Army military source said that over past two months, the ISIL terrorists have launched attacks on roads and railways in Homs province as well as an oil tanker carrying fuel for Western Syria.

He reiterated that ISIL’s moves to strike a blow at Syria’s economy comes as the Western countries and the US have imposed harshening sanctions on Damascus, including an oil embargo.

The military source also pointed to Syria’s preparedness to reopen Bu Kamal-al-Qaem strategic crossing along the border with Iraq, and said that the Syrian Army has reinforced its military positions near the international highway in central Syria in a bid to maintain security along the vital road.

In a relevant development on Wednesday, the Kurdish-language media outlets said that the ISIL terrorists are present in the areas controlled by the Turkish Army in Northern Aleppo, the Kurdish-language media outlets said.

The Kurdish-language Hawar News quoted local sources in Northern Aleppo as saying that the ISIL terrorists are stationed in Ankara-controlled regions in Northern Aleppo under names of terrorist groups backed by Turkey.

The sources released a photo of ISIL flag mounted on the vehicles of a member of Shohada al-Sharqieh which is affiliated to Turkey in the city of Jerablus is Syria, and said that the Ankara-controlled regions in Northern Aleppo have turned into safe zones for the ISIL terrorists.

In a relevant development earlier this month, tens of ISIL terrorists had been transferred from Turkey to Afrin region in Northwestern Aleppo as reports said the Turkish Army and its affiliated militants were preparing to launch a major offensive on the US-backed Kurdish fighters in Eastern Euphrates.

The Hawar News Website quoted local sources in Afrin as saying the ISIL terrorists have become active along Turkey’s borders with al-Shieh region in Afrin.

The sources said that the Turkish Army and its allied militants have sent 30 ISIL terrorists who had been trained by the Turkish Army in Hatay province of Turkey to al-Shieh region.

Hawar noted that thousands of Turkey-backed terrorists have recently been dispatched to Afrin from Idlib province.

The well-trained ISIL terrorists are being dispatched to Afrin by Ankara as the Turkish Army is preparing for dispatch massive military equipment to borders with Syria to launch a major operation against the Kurdish militias in Northeastern Syria.



posted by ZUKUNASHI at 18:35| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

日本のメディアに頼っていたら世界の動きが見えなくなる

みゆうさんが日本語に訳してくれた記事お読みになりましたか? 英文のままではほとんどアクセスがありませんでしたが、翻訳記事は多数のアクセスがあります。

日本のメディアが伝える海外ニュースは、どこかから金をもらっているに違いないと思えるほどにバイアスがかかっています。彼らはめったに取り上げないネタをときたま世論誘導のために日本語で伝えるのです。ですから前後の関係も、周辺情報もわかりません。

エプスタインの命危うし? ドイツ銀行の捜査で誰の名が上がるか

必読記事:Siriってアイホンに入っているものですよね

アイフォンやその他の音声入力機器のこわさ、わかりましたか? 放射能被ばくが進んだ人もいますので、臓器取り出し要員としては日本人はグレードが落ちますが、人身売買で慣れないハイヒールと網タイツを履かせてプリミティブな労働でこき使うのならまだまだ十分行けるでしょう。

IT機器を使うことによる個人情報の漏洩については機会があるごとに警告してきましたが、驚くほどに反応が鈍いです。

このような情報一つとっても、日本人は世界の動きから遅れている。

幸い、RTは記事がおもしろければ、友達とシェアしろとか紹介してやれと書いてありますから、翻訳して載せてもすぐにクレームがつくことはないでしょう。転載する記事の量が増えればRTと話しをつければよい。FARSNEWSもおそらく転載歓迎でしょう。

海外サイトに載ったニュースを日本語で紹介するサイトはいくつかあるようですが、絶対量が少ないです。

管理人は読者から協力が得られれば、いくらでも載せるつもりですが、タダで頼むのもね・・・。

英語の日本語訳お得意な方も多いのではありませんか? ブラッシュアップのためにも訳してみませんか?
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 17:15| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

Boeing May Halt Production of 737 Max Aircraft If Issues Not Fixed by End of Year

sputnik2019/7/30
Congressional Deregulation Has Left Air Safety Standards ‘Out of Control’ of FAA
A new report by the New York Times reveals the extent to which Boeing was allowed by the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to effectively self-regulate when it came to the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS) software, the failure of which caused the crashes of two Boeing 737 Max 8 jets, killing 346 people.

Dr. Alan Diehl, an award-winning aviation psychologist and safety consultant, a major 1990s air safety whistleblower and the author of the book “Air Safety Investigators,” joined Radio Sputnik’s Loud & Clear to highlight how the FAA has been passing off approval of airplane systems to manufacturers for years.

“Full disclosure: I used to be an aircraft design engineer,” Diehl told hosts John Kiriakou and Brian Becker. “Not for Boeing, but even back 40 to 50 years ago, we had what are called designated engineering reps; these were actual company employers [delegated by the FAA] that were in charge of certifying. But this system has gone out of control now. In 2005, Congress - lobbied by the [George W. Bush] administration - basically forced the FAA to authorize this extensive delegation of inspection authority” to manufacturers, he explained.

According to a New York Times article published over the weekend, Boeing carried out its own assessment of the MCAS, which was not tested by the regulator. In addition, the agency allowed two “relatively inexperienced engineers” to “oversee Boeing’s early work on the system,” according to two people familiar with the matter who spoke to the Times.

On March 10, a Boeing 737 Max 8 plane operated by Ethiopian Airlines crashed soon after taking off from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, killing all 157 people on board. In October 2018, a Lion Air-operated 737 Max 8 crashed into the Java Sea just minutes after taking off from the Indonesian capital of Jakarta; all 189 passengers and crew were killed.

In both crashes, the plane’s new flight control feature, the MCAS, has been implicated as a cause. Initially designed to be a safety feature, MCAS is supposed to evaluate sensor data and push the plane’s nose down to keep it from stalling in the event that the nose of the plane reaches too steep an angle of attack (AOA).

The New York Times piece also reveals that during the development phase, Boeing introduced a riskier version of the MCAS that “relied on a single sensor” that could push the plane’s nose down even further than before.

“Boeing did not submit a formal review of MCAS after the overhaul. It wasn’t required by FAA rules. An engineering test pilot at the regulator knew about the changes, according to an agency official. But his job was to evaluate the way the plane flew, not to determine the safety of the system,” the Times reported.

Following the Lion Air crash, FAA officials decided not to ground the 737 Max, instead opting to publish a notice for pilots outlining emergency procedures. According to anonymous sources who spoke to the Times, an FAA manager told agency engineers to remove the only reference to the MCAS from the notice.

“If you look at the genealogy of this huge problem that ended up killing these 346 people … I call it the three D’s. In 1957, when the FAA was formed, it was given [the responsibility to] promote as well as regulate aviation. After 1996, there was a terrible Valujet crash, and Congress said, ‘Well, don’t do the promoting anymore.’ They’ve been doing it for decades. Most of the FAA employees, it’s in their DNAs; they want to see manufacturers and these airlines succeed.”

“So, the first problem, the first D, was the dual-mandate, historically. Then we had: in 1978, Congress deregulated the airlines, which affected the manufacturers. Now, everything became bottom line. Congress didn’t give the FAA any more employees to oversee this vastly expanded industry. And then finally, in 2005, Congress mandated increased delegation [to manufacturers],” Diehl explained.

And that is exactly what the sources told the New York Times: that the FAA has been heavily relying on manufacturers’ engineers to certify aircraft.

“For decades, the FAA relied on engineers inside Boeing to help certify aircraft. But after intense lobbying to Congress by industry, the agency adopted rules in 2005 that would give manufacturers like Boeing even more control. Previously, the agency selected the company engineers to work on its behalf; under the new regulations, Boeing could choose them, though the FAA has veto power. Many of the agency’s top leaders embraced the approach. It would allow the FAA to certify planes more efficiently and stretch its limited resources. The regulator had also been finding it harder to compete for talented engineers, their government salaries unable to keep up with the going rates in the industry,” an excerpt from the Times reads.

According to Diehl, Boeing has already taken most of the necessary steps required to make the 737 Max safe again.

“Clearly this airplane should never have been certified, the way the MCAS system operated. But … I think they’ve [Boeing] done most of the things they need to do to make it safe … I’m not sure if the FAA will mandate this, but I think they need one other type of fix, and that is a so-called AOA alert, and here’s why. It’s not a complicated software patch, but the pilots need to know if the MCAS is going to start shoving their nose down. If you give them a hint that this is an MCAS problem, I think if that had been on the earlier aircraft, we wouldn't have lost those two planes and 346 people,” Diehl explained.

On its website, Boeing has released a statement on the “AOA Disagree alert,” stating that it is “issuing a display system software update, to implement the AOA Disagree alert as a standard, standalone feature before the MAX returns to service.”

RT2019/7/25
Boeing May Halt Production of 737 Max Aircraft If Issues Not Fixed by End of Year
TEHRAN (FNA)- Boeing may reduce or halt the production of its 737 MAX aircraft series if the company is unable to fix a software glitch in the plane's system by the end of the year, President and Chief Executive Officer Dennis Muilenburg said during a teleconference on the second-quarter earnings.

"Should our estimate of the anticipated return to service change, we might need to consider possible further rate reductions, or other options including a temporary shutdown of the MAX production," Muilenburg stated in the teleconference on Wednesday, RIA Novosti reported.

However, Muilenburg added that they expect to maintain the current monthly production rate of 42 deliveries per month and by 2020 increase it to 57.

Global aviation authorities grounded the 737 MAX following two crashes - in Indonesia and Ethiopia - that killed a total of 346 passengers and crew because of a software glitch that prevented pilots from turning off a defective autopilot system that forced planes into the ground shortly after takeoff.

Boeing attempts to repair the defects are taking longer than expected, and the company does not expect the planes to be declared safe to fly by the US and other regulators until November at the earliest.



※ Business Insider認証済みアカウント @businessinsiderの2019/7/6のツイート
What's next for Boeing?
https://twitter.com/i/status/1147430987996860416

ボーイングの製造過程の問題は、ボーイング787から始まっていたようです。
Boeing 787 Dreamliner caught in deepening probe into 737 MAX disaster
というニュースもあります。ボーイングに乗るのは少し怖い。

RT2019/6/30
Anything to cut costs? Boeing accused of outsourcing 737 MAX software at $9 an hour
Boeing has been partially outsourcing software development to low-paid subcontractors to save costs, Bloomberg has learned, suggesting that inadequate quality control practices may have contributed to fatal 737 MAX crashes.

Newly graduated programmers employed by third-party software developers – including Indian HCL Technologies Ltd and Cyient Ltd – were making as little as $9 an hour, roughly four times less than their own experienced engineers who Boeing was actively laying off. The company reportedly outsourced flight-display software and programs for flight-test equipment. While the final code allegedly complied with their strict specifications, the efficiency of such work was below expectations, as subcontractors were pressured to avoid any major changes that could cause delay.

“It was controversial because it was far less efficient than Boeing engineers just writing the code,” Mark Rabin, a former Boeing software engineer who worked in a flight-test group that supported the MAX, told Bloomberg.

It took many rounds going back and forth because the code was not done correctly.

The American aerospace giant is in hot water following two fatal 737 MAX crashes which claimed a total of 346 lives. Both the Lion Air crash in Indonesia and the Ethiopian Airlines disasters were linked to the improper work of the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS), which was designed to prevent the plane from stalling, but instead sent the aircraft into nosedives.

While both Boeing and HTC stressed that subcontractors were not involved in developing either the notorious MCAS nor the critical cockpit warning system, Bloomberg claims that third-party engineers did participate in some of the 737 MAX's software development. At least one HTC employer apparently claimed in their resume that they had come up with a “quick workaround” that helped “resolve [a] production issue” that could have caused delays and cost Boeing a lot of money.

“Boeing was doing all kinds of things, everything you can imagine, to reduce cost, including moving work from Puget Sound [outside of Seattle, Washington] because we’d become very expensive here,” a former Boeing flight controls engineer, Rick Ludtke, told the publication.

In addition to saving costs and production time, the involvement of Indian companies in particular “appeared to pay other dividends” for the American corporation, which was able to secure multi-billion-dollar contracts with the Indian military and commercial airlines, according to the report.


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 14:31| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

不妊で茨城が先行か

古い記事を参照して新しいことに気づくことが少なくありません。
被ばくと疾患発症数の増加はこういう仕組みらしいを書いていてこれはなんだ? と目が留まりました。



町田市は、2011/3/15の早朝に放射性ヨウ素の濃度の濃いプルームが襲いました。ヨウ素が主体ですから午前中はセシウム濃度の累積値は増えず昼頃から累積値が上がっています。ここまではわかっていたのですが、よく見ると3/21の未明にセシウム累積値が一段と高く上がっています。

3/20昼頃に鉾田市、あるいは銚子近辺から上陸したプルームがMOX燃料の3号機を起源とする放射性物質を多く含み、ベータ線源やアルファ線源が多かったのではないかとの見方をせざるを得ないことは以前から書いてきました。

この特に危険なプルームは、関東から、会津、山形、岩手と回り、翌21日再度南下して東葛地域などにセシウム濃厚汚染をもたらすのですが、それよりも8時間も前にセシウムの累積値が上がっています。



これはどんなプルームかと調べると、3/20に関東に入り込んだ危険なプルームが群馬南部、埼玉西部にとどまり、これがその後時間をかけてゆっくり南下したものだとわかります。


セシウムも多いのですが、他の放射性物質も多かったでしょう。このセシウム濃度を茨城県の例えば古河市と比較すると、3/20の午後から町田市の濃度の2倍から3倍あったことがわかります。3/20は日曜で晴天でした。人々は外出したでしょう。地震の片付けもあったでしょう。


各地の2011/3/20の濃度合計を計算すると次のようになります。3/21分は入っていません。茨城、千葉北部、埼玉北部の値が高くなっています。これらの地域の人たちがこの危険なプルームの襲来を受けて吸気被ばくを余儀なくされたことがわかります。


茨城県下のろ紙濃度測定箇所が少なく全体について判断できませんが、やはり全体として濃度が高かったとみられます。関東の中で茨城県に他と異なるプルームが入りこんだのは、この3/20午後のプルームです。茨城県で不妊傾向が強まれば、その原因の一つとして3/20午後のプルームを想定せざるを得なくなります。

次のグラフを見つけました。つくば市にある気象研究所での測定結果。出所:http://www.mri-jma.go.jp/Dep/ap/ap4lab/recent/ge_report/2015Artifi_Radio_report/2015Artifi_Radio_report.pdf


2011/3/20の昼前頃からセシウム137の濃度が大きく上昇しています。そして3/21未明も高水準になっています。茨城県の広範な地域で3/20のプルームが影響を与えています。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 13:51| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

Alleged 9/11 Mastermind May Help Victims Sue Riyadh if US Forgoes Death Penalty

Alleged 9/11 Mastermind May Help Victims Sue Riyadh if US Forgoes Death Penalty
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, who was named by the US as one of the main architects of the 9/11 attacks and is currently being held at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp in Cuba, recently indicated that he would consider helping 9/11 victims in their lawsuit against Saudi Arabia if the US government decides not to seek the death penalty against him.

Mohammed’s offer was filed in the US District Court in Manhattan Friday as part of a federal lawsuit against the Saudi government by victims and families of victims of the 2001 terrorist attacks, which killed over 3,000 people in New York, northern Virginia, and Pennsylvania.

Lawyers for the plaintiffs contacted three out of five Guantanamo Bay detainees accused of being involved in the terrorist attacks to obtain depositions, according to the Wall Street Journal. Mohammed’s attorney said he would not consent to a deposition under current circumstances but noted that “in the absence of a potential death sentence, much broader cooperation would be possible.”

However, Mohammed’s current position appears to be quite different from the one he took at a June 2008 Guantanamo hearing. When a military judge described the hearing as a “death-penalty case,” Mohammed referred to it as a “martyr case” instead.

“This is what I wish. I’ve been looking to be martyred for a long time,” Mohammed said at the time, according to the Wall Street Journal.

“A lot has happened in the past 10 years,” a person familiar with the proceedings recently told the Journal. “The 9/11 defendants are not as interested as they once were in martyring themselves.”

The Saudi government has long maintained it was not involved in the 9/11 attacks.

In 2014, freelance writer Brian McGlinchey launched the 28Pages project to expose links between Saudi Arabia and the 9/11 attacks. The project is focused on declassifying 28 pages of a congressional report on the US Intelligence Community’s activities before and after the terror attacks, according to the project's website.

The US government partially declassified those 28 pages in 2016, but conducted about 90 redactions "due to national security" concerns that remain in place, according to the declassification review led by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

The partially declassified report released by Congress in July 2016 exposed that Saudi officials had direct connections to the 9/11 hijackers and possible involvement with supporting the attacks themselves. The report also showed that the FBI inexplicably failed to communicate to the CIA information about financial ties between Saudi royals and the 9/11 hijackers before the attacks. Of the 19 hijackers, 15 were Saudi Arabian citizens.

On Monday, US President Donald Trump also authorized the extension of the 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund, which was first established to compensate victims of the attack. The extended legislation means victims’ medical claims will be funded until 2090.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 08:59| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

被ばくと疾患発症数の増加はこういう仕組みらしい

全国人口動態統計をもとに算出した出生死亡比率の変化度合いの測定で東西の差が拡大し、かつ東日本の一部で落ち込み方が大きくなっています。福島第一原発事故から8年を経過しても事態の悪化は続いています。なぜでしょう。管理人はゴフマンの研究結果を参考にして次のように考えるようになっています。なお、外部被ばくについてはガンマ線が主体で測定も容易ですのでここでは除外して考えます。

まず、福島第一原発事故で環境に放出された人工放射性物質の種類は極めて多いのです。次は、米国エネルギー省/国防総省による土壌調査結果から分析対象の核種が多い6か所の測定結果です。


これだけ多様な人工放射性物質が何度にもわたるプルームに乗っては運ばれ、降下沈着しました。次は、大気汚染測定用ろ紙のセシウム濃度検査結果から地点ごとに濃度の累積値をグラフ化したものです。プルームが来るたびに累積値がぐーんと上がっています。

関東南部 東京都・神奈川県


関東 茨城県・埼玉県・千葉県・東京都


つまり単純化して考えると、地点ごとに多様な人工放射性物質が大気中を流れてきてその時の放射性物質ごとの大気中濃度も異なれば、それが地上に降下し沈着した量も異なります。次の表で濃度の単位と沈着量の単位は異なります。


地点Aを取り上げてそこに住む個人Aと個人Bの被ばくの異なりようを見ます。表の左側、大気の汚染度と土壌の汚染度は地点Aに関しては同一ですが、個人ごとに放射性物質への曝露、吸入、経口摂取、接触などの度合いは異なります。


ここで表の右側の個人ごとの被ばく度合いの測定単位と次の表で出てくる被ばく累積量との関係ですが、上の表の合計欄の数値が50になると、以下の表での「被ばく累積量」1単位に相当すると想定しましょう。厳密には放射性物質ごとに被ばく量を測定しなければならないはずですが。

上のように多様な形態、ルートで生じた内部被ばくにより、人々の被ばく累積、つまり放射線の種類別に人体が受けた放射線の数が増えると人体の組織が損傷を受け、その結果として様々な症状を示すようになります。

ここでは、10万人の母集団についてみた場合、各人の被ばく累積が1単位になると1人がある疾患を発症すると仮定します。いくつかの10万人の母集団があり、その構成員の被ばく累積度が異なれば、母集団ごとに疾患発症者の数は異なります。発症者の数は時間の経過に伴い被ばく累積が増えていけば増えていきます。



日本の東日本の人口動態を観察するということは、人口規模も異なり、住民の平均的な被ばく累積度合いも異なる都市を合わせて考察していることになります。



上で「住民の平均的な被ばく累積度合い」と書きましたが、一つの都市内(例えば地点A)での個人ごとの「被ばく累積度合い」は大きな差があります。当然、「被ばく累積度合い」の大きい人から確率が高まり発症していきます。管理人はある一つの10万人の集団を取り上げた場合、その中に含まれる人々の「被ばく累積度合い」は様々だと思いますが、初期吸気被ばくの大きかった地域、セシウム濃厚汚染地域がある地域では、その地域的特性に起因する面についてみれば、集団ごとにベースラインが異なるだろうと考えています。以下では、平均水準で考えます。

特異な集団、例えば除染事業に従事した者や福島第一原発の構内作業に従事した者の集団については、別途の母集団だとしてとらえることが必要でしょう。これらの者の中には、作業従事2日、あるいは3日で急死した方がおられます。セシウムの吸入による心疾患によるものとみられます。


2011/3/27、大熊町地内で高濃度に汚染された遺体が発見され、体表面の放射能10万cpm超過だったとされています。測定器の感度が異なりますが、管理人は市原市の北部でポンコツのGMサーベイメーターで地表面から1万cpmを検出しています。これでもすさまじい値です。

1人の母集団の構成員が10万単位の被ばく累積になれば疾患(この場合は心疾患)で亡くなることはあり得ます。被ばく累積を生じた放射線、あるいは放射性物質が異なれば発現する疾患も異なってくるようです。放射性ヨウ素なら甲状腺障害、放射性セシウムなら心疾患という具合です。中枢神経障害は、管理人はセシウム、ヨウ素以外の放射性物質が主因となっているのではないかと考えています。



実際の被ばくに起因する疾患の増加状況を把握しても、それらの因果関係を問うことは難しいのです。
次のような状況になっているからです。その結果「原因不明」というこれまでの診断例に合わないものが増えています。



ここで、まず地域の放射性物質別の汚染状況が分かっていません。初期吸気被ばくの度合いも不明です。さらに、その後の福島第一原発発のプルームによる吸気被ばくの度合い、食品を通じた放射性物質の摂取具合・・・わからないことだらけなのです。

ですが、それらを総合した被ばくと身体症状発現との関係については、人口動態統計の分析によって一定の因果関係を推定することができます。

例えば、最近の茨城6区の出生数の急激な減少は、被ばく以外にこれだという原因が見当たらないのです。

それは茨城6区に限ったことではありません。次のグラフをどうご覧になりますか?

厚生労働省全国人口動態統計速報による出生死亡比率の変化度合いの測定
2009/1から2009/12の平均を基準として2018/6から2019/5の平均を指数化
出生死亡比率=出生数÷死亡数だから、この比率の低下が大きいほど新生児が減り死亡者が増えている度合いが強いことになる。


まぎれもなく事態は悪化中です。現在管理人は、次の点に注目しています。

A 被ばくをもたらした放射性物質の種類により発症する疾患は異なる。
当初放出されたヨウ素131は、ほぼ検出されなくなっている。セシウム134は大きく減衰。しかし、他に何百種もの放射性物質が放出されています。その中には半減期が何億年、何十億年のものもあるのです。それらの放射性物質による被ばくはこれからも続きます。

B 生物学的半減期に過大な期待はできない。
放射性物質の半減期には物理学的半減期のほかに生物学的半減期というものがあり、後者は前者に比べてかなり短いということが言われました。もし、それに間違いがなければ、すでに被ばく累積は止まっているはずですが、そうなっていません。

セシウムについては、生物学的半減期70日とか90日とか言われますから毎日同量のセシウムを体内に取り入れていれば、比較的短い期間で天井に達しその後は横ばいになるはずです。しかし、これは体内に入った放射性物質が発する放射線数です。


このフラットな状態でも身体が受ける放射線累積数はあくまでも増えていきます。ただ、セシウムは減衰していきますから、新たに体内に入るセシウムが減れば、その時点で身体が受ける放射線数は大きく低下していきます。

セシウムについての生物的半減期はそんなに短くないのかもしれませんし、セシウム以外の例えばウラン系列の子孫核種については、生物的半減期は短くなく、しかも今なお摂取量が大きいのかもしれません。

C 上に書いた管理人の考えは、海外で被ばく累積のある者が日本に来て追加被ばくをすると発症することがある、という観察された事実の理解を助けます。

D 西日本でも健康状態の悪化がみられ、時間の経過とともに進行していることから全国流通の食品が主たる原因となって、日本では今なお国民の被ばく累積(特に内部被ばく)が継続していると考えざるを得ません。

関東で杖を突く人が増えていることも考え合わせると、これまでの内部被ばくで妊娠や歩行に関連する身体機能が損傷し、被ばくが減っても、かつての被ばくによる具体的な結果として症状が表れている可能性ももちろんあります。でも、そのように考えると今から被ばく回避しても、過去の被ばくによるものの結果がこれから出てくるということになります。

少なくとも出生率の急速な低下傾向は、この先も続くと管理人は考えています。そして、次のグラフにも疑問を感じるようになっています。リスクの最大値は「個体の終末到来」なのでしょうが、放射線量が積み上がった段階でこんなにリスクの増加分は少ないのかという疑問です。


管理人は、どんなにわずかな被ばくでも疾患を引き起こすことはある、と考えます。ただ、それは同程度の被ばくを受けた者が無数にいれば、100万人に一人、あるいは1,000万人に一人の発症割合ということなのだろうと考えます。小児甲状腺がんの発生は100万人当たり1〜3人といわれています。

それが母集団構成者の被ばく累積増大に伴って発症割合が上がってくるということに他ならないのだと思います。

死亡者数の増加は高年齢層の割合が圧倒的に多く、被ばくとの因果関係を論じることは難しいです。「老衰」で片づけられます。ですが、小児甲状腺がんの増加は、そうはいかない。明らかに異常な発生をどうやって被ばくと関係ないものとするか、それに日本の医師は今必死です。

もう一つ、被ばくとの因果関係が疑えない事象が生ずるでしょう。「不妊」です。

多くの日本人が心筋梗塞や四肢の不自由化のような被ばく症状を免れたと思っていても、後日、不妊が判明するケースは極めて多いでしょう。統計的に把握できる最大の被ばく症状になるのではないかと管理人は考えています。

そして上に述べたところからすれば、今被ばく症状が出ていない方でも今後の追加的な被ばく累積により被ばく症状が出てくる恐れは高いと心得ておきましょう。生物体としての人体は、異物、毒物に対する防御機構を備えています。それゆえ、わずかな毒物の体内侵入に対しては防御反応が働いてそれを排出できるのだろうと考えられます。

ですが、身体の機能が低下したりすると、そのような防御反応が有効に働かないこともありうるでしょう。とにかく健康体を維持するように努めるしかありません。しきい値があるのではなくたまたま発症しないだけなのだと思います。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 08:51| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

エプスタインの命危うし? ドイツ銀行の捜査で誰の名が上がるか

・・・彼はとても巨大なモザイクの中のほんの少しの小石です・・・

RT 2019/7/25
エプスタインのカネを追う:ドイツ銀行内部への調査は、パワフル・コネクションを暴くか?

ジェフリー・エプスタインの逮捕以降、事件は、単なる一個の性犯罪から、国際金融業界における最高レベルに関わる疑惑にまで急展開した。RTのリック・サンチェス(訳注:RT Americaのニュースキャスター)は問う。「正義は、カネの力に打ち勝つことができるだろうか?」

大金融業者であり性犯罪者であるジェフリー・エプスタインは、今月はじめ、少女たちを性的に不正に売買した疑いで逮捕された。この犯罪の被害者には、14歳の少女が含まれる疑いがもたれている。この金融業者は、現在裁判を待って拘留中であるが、その間にも更なる被害者が明らかになっていると伝えられている。

10年ほど前にも、エプスタインには同じような疑惑が数々浮かび上がっていた。そのときは重大な刑期が予想されたにも関わらず(訳注:2008年、終身刑の可能性もあったが、このときは自身による1件の買春のみを認める形で他の容疑は不問とされた(2019/7/13毎日新聞))、馴れ合いの抗弁で告発者と司法取引をしてごまかし、セキュリティの甘い牢獄で13か月間服役するにとどまった。それ以来、エプスタインの名前は、長らく性犯罪と結び付け語られていた。

しかしながら今回は、エプスタインが彼のカネを、影響力を行使するために、また性的な不正売買に関わりうる事業を展開するために、実際にどのように使ったかに注目が集まっている。2013年からエプスタインと共に働いていた調査官(investigator 潜入捜査を行っていたという意味?)は、ドイツ銀行との接触を続けていた。JPモルガンチェース銀行が、明らかになった性犯罪者との関係を絶ってから、しばらくしてのことだ。そして、ドイツ銀行が、エプスタインの銀行口座を閉鎖し始めたのは、去年、彼の性犯罪の疑いに再びスポットライトが当たって以降だ。

「いいチャンスだ」とサンチェス。調査官は、ドイツ銀行の資産運用担当者に、罰則付き召喚状を出すことができるかも知れない。そうすれば、「彼らが、ジェフリー・エプスタインと何をしていたか」があきらかになる。「それが、疑惑の解明の真のスタートだ。」

「これが、ジェフリー・エプスタインの問題だと考えていては」、法律評論家のライオネルがサンチェスに言う。「彼が誰と手を組んでいたかは、誰にも分らない・・・絶対に分からない。彼は、巨大なモザイク画の、ひとつの小石に過ぎないんだ。」

「彼がこれからしなければならないだろうことは」、何人かの人物を明らかにすることだ、とライオネルが付け加える。検察は、エプスタインのコネクションについて圧力をかけるだろう。そのコネクションは、ドイツ銀行の調査によって、具体的な名前が明らかになる可能性もある。

正義が最終的にエプスタインにどのような評決を下すか、それが(この事件にまつわる)もう一つの物語だ。この大物は、水曜日遅く、ニューヨークの牢獄で「傷つき、胎児の姿勢で」発見された。彼の同房者は攻撃を否認しており、複数の報道では、エプスタインは首をつろうとして失敗した、あるいは移送されるために故意に自分を傷つけたと言っているとされている。いま公開の危機にさらされているパワフルな人々に通じる、彼のコネクションを考えれば、それらの人々は今、彼の死を願っているかも知れないという推測も成り立つ。

しかしながらサンチェスは、この同じコネクション網が、司法の力を使ってエプスタインを再び甘く扱うかも知れないと指摘する。さらにドイツ銀行は、エプスタインにとって自然な選択だったのかも知れない。この銀行は現在、マネーロンダリングの疑いにより刑事調査がなされており、元従業員であるエリック・ベン・アーッチによると、「破産した個人が不正手段に携わることを許すよう、構造的に管理されていた」。社員がエプスタインの「怪しい」商取引を隠蔽することを許すような構造がなかったかどうかも、明らかにされる必要がある。

「アメリカの司法制度は、正義ではなく、カネによって運営されている。」サンチェスは、外ならぬアーッチの言葉を引用して、言った。

RT2019/7/25
Epstein’s money trail: Will probe into Deutsche Bank reveal powerful connections?
Since his arrest, Jeffrey Epstein’s story has spiraled from one of sexual depravity to one of shady dealings at the highest levels of international finance. RT’s Rick Sanchez asks: can justice overcome the power of money?

Millionaire financier and sex offender Jeffrey Epstein was arrested earlier this month on conspiracy and sex-trafficking charges, with girls as young as 14 among his alleged victims. The financier has since sat in jail pending trial, and additional victims have reportedly come forward.

Epstein’s name has long been associated with sexual misdeeds, since he dodged serious prison time for a litany of similar offenses a decade ago, striking a sweetheart plea deal with prosecutors that saw him serve thirteen months in a low-security prison.

However, attention has now turned to how exactly Epstein used his wealth to buy influence, and potentially fund a sex trafficking operation. Deutsche Bank has been contacted by investigators, having worked with Epstein since 2013, long after JP Morgan Chase cut its ties with the registered sex offender. Only after media reports last year again shone the spotlight on Epstein’s alleged crimes did the bank begin to close his accounts.

“There’s a good chance,” Sanchez said, that investigators may now subpoena Deutsche Bank’s wealth managers to find out “what they had going on with Jeffrey Epstein. This thing is really starting to unravel.”

“If you think that this is just Jeffrey Epstein,” legal analyst Lionel told Sanchez, “and nobody can understand who he’s ever dealt with...absolutely not! He is just a little pebble in a mosaic that is so huge.”

“He’s going to have to” turn some people in, Lionel added, suggesting that prosecutors will press Epstein on his connections, potentially ones revealed through the investigation of Deutsche Bank.

How justice will eventually find Epstein is another story. The tycoon was found“injured and in a fetal position” in his New York jail cell late on Wednesday. His cellmate denies attacking him, and media reports have quoted sources claiming Epstein tried and failed to hang himself or deliberately injured himself to be transferred. With his alleged connections to powerful people at risk of exposure, speculation has also turned to whether these people might now want him dead.

However, Sanchez pointed out that the same web of connections might see Epstein again treated softly by the courts. Moreover, Deutsche Bank may have been a natural choice for Epstein. The bank is currently under criminal investigation for money laundering, and according to former employee Eric Ben Artzi “was structurally designed by management to allow corrupt individuals to commit fraud.” Whether that structure allowed staff to conceal Epstein’s “suspicious” transactions remains to be discovered.

“The legal system in America is driven by money, not by justice,” Sanchez said, quoting none other than Artzi himself.

RT2019/7/25
ジェフリー・エプスタイン、牢獄で「傷つけられ、意識が完全でない状態で」発見される 首に不審な痕跡

RT2019/7/25
Jeffrey Epstein found ‘injured & semiconscious’ with suspicious marks on neck in jail cell

Millionaire sex offender Jeffrey Epstein has been found “injured and in a fetal position” in his New York jail cell with marks around his neck, leading to speculation that he’d been attacked or injured himself to get transferred.

While authorities have questioned another inmate over the situation – a former cop locked up for allegedly killing four men in a drug conspiracy – multiple sources have rushed to the media claiming Epstein tried to hang himself, while another source claims he staged the injury to get transferred to another facility. He is currently on suicide watch, according to two sources.

Former Westchester police officer Nicholas Tartaglione, who was charged with killing four men over a drug deal gone bad and burying them in his backyard, claims he never touched Epstein and didn’t see what happened, according to his lawyer. "They are in the same unit and doing well," and have even found common ground in complaining about flooding, rodents, and bad food in the jail, he said.

Given the amount of blackmail information Epstein reportedly has on extremely powerful people, speculation that one of them might want to get him out of the picture has been simmering on social media since his arrest, only to erupt in the wake of this latest report. “Organized criminals have long arms,” one user tweeted. “If he dies, I'm going to have to ask, what wealthy individual(s) had him killed or did he really commit suicide?” another wondered. Others took issue with the theory, suggesting that if someone wanted Epstein dead, it would have happened already.

Following Epstein’s arrest on conspiracy and sex trafficking charges earlier this month, additional victims have reportedly come forward. The mysterious magnate all but skated on similar charges over a decade ago, pleading to a lesser charge of soliciting prostitution and serving just 13 months in a sweetheart deal that permitted him to leave prison during the day. Alexander Acosta, the prosecuting attorney on that case, resigned as Secretary of Labor two weeks ago over his handling of the deal, though he claimed in interviews with the Trump transition team he had been told to “back off” because Epstein “belonged to intelligence.”

Epstein faces 45 years in prison if convicted. He has pleaded not guilty to all charges. Epstein was denied bail last week after authorities learned he had a fake Saudi passport and wads of cash secreted in a safe inside his home. Judge Richard Berman also pointed to danger to the community and Epstein’s alleged history of intimidating witnesses in his decision to keep the financier in jail. Epstein’s lawyers have appealed, seeking to have him released on house arrest with electronic monitoring.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:05| Comment(3) | 国際・政治