Saudi Arabia ready to ditch petrodollar as ‘nuclear option’ to stop NOPEC bill – reports

Saudi Arabia ready to ditch petrodollar as ‘nuclear option’ to stop NOPEC bill – reports
Saudi Arabia is reportedly threatening to sell its oil in other currencies if the US passes a bill permitting antitrust lawsuits to be filed against OPEC members in US courts, a move which would decimate the tottering petrodollar.

If the US infringes on OPEC states' sovereign immunity and greenlights lawsuits for antitrust violations, energy officials in Riyadh are prepared to sell their oil in other currencies, according to multiple sources familiar with Saudi energy policy, one of whom told Reuters the threat has already been communicated to high-ranking US energy officials.

“The Saudis know they have the dollar as the nuclear option,” one of the sources reportedly said, while another cited Saudis as saying “let the Americans pass NOPEC and it would be the US economy that would fall apart.”

Such a move has the potential to topple the US dollar’s status as the world’s reserve currency, particularly since other OPEC members –namely Iran and Venezuela– have their own reasons to ditch the petrodollar, under US sanctions as they are, and non-OPEC oil producers like Russia also mulling such a measure.

The bill in question, called the No Oil Producing and Exporting Cartels Act (NOPEC), was first introduced in 2000, and would potentially give Washington ability to control global oil output and prices through threats of lawsuits against OPEC members.

However, it never gained significant traction until the current administration took over. Trump himself has not come out in favor of the bill, preferring to back Saudi Arabia’s political objectives in return for good behavior in the oil market, though he did speak out in favor of NOPEC in a 2011 book. Qatar, a former member of OPEC, felt threatened enough by the distant possibility of the bill’s passage to leave the oil cartel in December, however.

The Saudi riyal is pegged to the dollar, and the kingdom has nearly $1 trillion invested in the US, investments it has also mulled liquidating should NOPEC pass, according to the Saudi sources cited by Reuters. Saudi Aramco is the world’s largest oil exporter, with sales of $356 billion in 2018, and trading in oil derivatives is also largely dollar-denominated, with trade volume reaching $5 trillion on the top two global energy exchanges last year.

US Will 'Never' Allow Saudi Arabia to Become Nuclear Power - Pompeo
WASHINGTON (Sputnik) - The United States will never allow Saudi Arabia to become a nuclear power and threaten its security and that of Israel, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in an interview on Friday.

"We will never write a $150 billion check to the Saudis and hand them over the capacity to threaten Israel and the United States with nuclear weapons. Never", Pompeo said in an interview with CBS News.

The $150 billion figure is a reference to the Iran nuclear agreement negotiated by the administration of President Barack Obama.

Meanwhile, US President Donald Trump alleges that the Iran nuclear agreement, which provided sanctions relief in return for Iran's pledge to keep its nuclear program peaceful, has cost US taxpayers $150 billion.

Earlier this week, satellite images revealed that Saudi Arabia is nearing the completion of its first nuclear reactor. At the same time, US Senators Marco Rubio and Bob Fernandez urged Energy Secretary Rick Perry in a letter on 2 April to not supply any nuclear technology to Saudi Arabia given Riyadh’s troubling record, which includes the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

The United States lacks any framework pact, or "123 Agreement" for any bilateral nuclear cooperation with Saudi Arabia, yet the Energy Department has already approved multiple licenses for US companies to sell nuclear energy technologies, Rubio and Fernandez said.

The situation between the countries has been intense since Trump announced in May last year the United States’ withdrawal from the nuclear agreement and the reinstatement of US sanctions against Iran. The sanctions target Iran as well as anyone who chooses to continue trading with it.

The US move has been slammed by the remaining parties to the nuclear agreement − Iran, China, Russia, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the European Union − who insist that Iran was honouring the deal.

Riyadh has been showing interest in building nuclear power plants as a mean to diversify its energy supplies as a significant part of the fossil fuel produced in the country is consumed to power its growing electricity needs.

Saudi Arabia is close to completing the construction of its first nuclear reactor in the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology in Riyadh, Robert Kelley, a former International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) director told Bloomberg after analysing satellite images from Google Earth. Kelley said that judging by the photos it's a 30-kilowatt research reactor, which will be ready to function within a year.

The reactor itself was designed by the Argentinian company Invap SE, but the engineering was completed by Saudi specialists. Argentinian envoy to the IAEA, Rafael Mariano Grossi, has confirmed to The Guardian that Invap was in charge of designing the reactor and that it will be operational "by the end of the year roughly".

Saudi Arabia has been looking to build nuclear power plants across the country in a bid to diversify power supply sources as a part of its "Vision 2030" programme. Riyadh indicated that a significant portion of energy resources drilled in the country is being consumed by its growing power needs.

Saudi Arabia has so far only adopted the Small Quantities Protocol, regulating control over the countries that operate nominal amounts of fissile material, but doesn't include the rules and procedures allowing international bodies to conduct extensive inspections.

The news about the reactor's near completion also come amid an ongoing US Congressional investigation into the US DoE (Department of Energy) granting seven permits for American companies to transfer sensitive nuclear technologies to Riyadh, allegedly under pressure from the White House, which is seeking to cooperate with Saudi Arabia in the area of nuclear energy.

The transfer of such technologies is supposed to be preceded by the adoption of Section 123 of the US Atomic Energy Act of 1954, also called the "golden standard", by the recipient country. The "standard" is designed to ensure the non-proliferation of nuclear technologies and the peaceful nature of a nuclear programme and IAEA inspections in the country. At the same time, Riyadh has refused to adopt the "golden standard", which became a stumbling block in its negotiations with the Barack Obama administration.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 21:04| Comment(0) | 国際・政治


元図 https://ramap.jmc.or.jp/map/#lat=35.907451415053984&lon=140.03878637287082&z=12&b=std&t=undefined&s=0,0,0,0&c=20181115_dr,20190313survey,carSurveyDr



次は国道6号線が入るように切り取りました。なんか6号線が他の路線に比べて高いように見えるんですけど、これは福島県の長者原辺りを走り抜けてきた車両が運んできた? それとも固有のもの? こうなるだろうと予想していた人もいるんですけどね。

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 16:30| Comment(3) | 福島原発事故


※ hiroshi ono @hiroshimilano氏の14:38 - 2019年4月4日 のツイート

※ なゆた @nayuta00氏の2019/4/4のツイート

※ エリック ・C @x__ok氏の2019/4/4のツイート
今後、福島などでの原発(廃炉)作業員の人数が必要。作業員、一人が、100mSv/5年 以下にしなければならないので、志願者だけでは絶対に足りないのです。













巨額のカネを投じた除染事業は、現ナマバラマキで住民の不満を抑えたのです。効果はほとんどありません。復興に役立つ? 復興などありえません。





もともと兵士としての精神的な強さや耐久力は獲得していません。道路や駅構内に倒れて寝ていたような人が砲弾飛び交う戦場で生きていけますか? 戦争は極度の緊張を強います。前線に送られた兵士が隊内部の精神的な連帯もない中でやっていけるとはとても思えません。



NHK2019年04月05日 09時58分
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 14:34| Comment(6) | 福島原発事故

はー この程度の画像もかなりやばいわけね



2018年03月14日 F1沖に航空機飛来か

2018年02月23日 福島第一原発沖の海の中からエネルギーが噴出している?

2018年02月20日 2018/2、F1でなかなかの景色が見られたらしい

2014年12月25日 宇宙人はF1南東海上で何を探索しているのか

2014年11月02日 大芋澤から雲が湧く 気象的な特異地点になっている?

2014年09月26日 福島第一原発は気象的に特異地点?
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:23| Comment(1) | 福島原発事故


2019/4/4、ボーイングが737 MAXの欠陥を認めて謝罪しました。エチオピア航空機の事故調査報告書で操縦士はボーイングのマニュアル通りの操作を行ったことが確認されています。ボーイングは操縦士の知識・訓練不足が原因とは言えなくなりました。



一方、ロシアが北方領土で射撃訓練を行うという通告をしたのに対しモスクワの日本大使館の参事官(大使、公使に次ぐランクです)が電話で抗議を行い、ロシア外務省が「中堅外交官」の電話抗議は「通常の外交上の対話形式に反する」という声明を発表したうえで、今後は電話での抗議は受け入れないと述べています。 事情などがよくわかりませんが、こういう発表は珍しいです。



posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:47| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ボーイングが737 MAXの欠陥を認める

‘Sorry for lives lost’: Boeing admits faulty system part of ‘chain of events’ in 737 MAX crashes
Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg has said “it’s apparent” that the 737 MAX 8’s MCAS maneuvering system contributed to two fatal air accidents. Investigators had long suspected the system’s role in the disasters.

Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 plunged into a field shortly after takeoff in March, killing all 157 people on board. Indonesian Lion Air Flight 610 nosedived into the sea last October, killing all 189 passengers and crew. Investigators noted “clear similarities” between both accidents.

"The full details of what happened in the two accidents will be issued by the government authorities in the final reports,” Muilenburg said in a video posted Thursday. “It's apparent that in both flights the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System, known as MCAS, activated in response to [the] erroneous angle of attack information," he continued.

The MCAS system reads the 737 MAX’s angle of attack (the angle of the plane’s nose) through a nose-mounted sensor. If the nose drifts too far upward, it manipulates the tail to keep the plane level and avoid a stall. However, investigators and Boeing whistleblowers claim that the sensors can deliver false readings, and the system can overcompensate, throwing the aircraft into a dive.

Muilenberg’s statement comes on the same day Ethiopian investigators determined that Flight 302’s crew “had performed all the procedures, repeatedly, provided by [Boeing], but was not able to control the aircraft.” CNN, claiming to have seen the full report, described how the pilots fought the plane’s MCAS system for the entirety of the six-minute flight, but were unable to pull the plane’s nose up and regain control.

The 737 MAX 8 is grounded worldwide following the Ethiopian Airlines disaster, and Boeing is currently previewing a software update that Muilenberg said will “eliminate the possibility” of a similar accident happening again. The update will need to be approved by air regulators worldwide before the 737 MAX will take to the sky again.

A group of Boeing engineers told the Seattle Times last month that pilots were unaware of how to override the MCAS system, and Boeing has promised to rectify this too by providing “additional educational materials.” In addition, two critical safety features that could have warned pilots of an impending dive were sold as optional extras by the manufacturer. One of these – a warning light – will now be fitted as standard.

With the troubled jet grounded worldwide, attention has since focused on the Federal Aviation Administration’s certification of the jet. A Senate investigation is now focusing on examining whether the FAA’s inspectors were properly trained, and the Department of Transport is also forming a commission to review the FAA’s certification process.

In the aftermath of the most recent crash, a group of FAA and Boeing engineers claimed that the FAA delegated much of its safety review of the 737 MAX 8 to Boeing itself, and trusted the company’s conclusions. They also claimed that Boeing downplayed safety concerns involving the MCAS system to bring the jetliner to market faster.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:11| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

なるほど そういうことかも

※ わたママ・NO WAR @wtrmama氏の2019/4/3のツイート



鯖虎さん すごいですね。その通りだと思います。私と一緒に商売しませんか?
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:00| Comment(6) | 福島原発事故