ずくなしの冷や水

2018年05月26日

キューバ生まれの反共テロリストでCIA工作員、麻薬密輸人、ルイス・ポサダ・カリレス 90歳で死ぬ

RIP Luis Posada Carriles: Veteran Terrorist, Cocaine Trafficker, CIA Agent
Luis Clemente Faustino Posada Carriles, militant Cuban exile and US Central Intelligence Agency operative, died May 23 in South Florida, US.

Born to an affluent family in Cuba February 15 1928, Posada studied medicine and chemistry at the University of Havana, where he was a contemporary of Fidel Castro.

While Castro was a figure of significance in student politics at the time, Posada could have had no idea that in 1959, the bearded radical would, as head of the revolutionary 26th of July Movement, overthrow Cuba's authoritarian, US-backed government, led by President Fulgencio Batista.

Once that historic event came to pass however, Posada would become Castro's nemesis, engaging in a blood-spatted, half-century long international quest to overthrow him by any means possible after taking power. It would be a crusade funded, materially supported and at times directed by the US government, and the CIA.

Bahia de Cochinos

In the years immediately following the Cuban Revolution, 250,000 Cubans − primarily upper and middle-class individuals and families financially impacted by Castro's popular redistributive policies. Among them was Posada, who in 1961 relocated to the US.

Despite his family supporting the revolution and remaining in the country − his sister subsequently rose to the rank of Colonel in the Cuban army − Posada began plotting the downfall of Castro's new government. The new arrival was not unnoticed by the Washington, who sought to recruit disaffected Cuban exiles to their clandestine efforts to suppress the revolution.

Posada would end up playing a leading role in planning the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion. On April 20 1961, five merchant ships carrying 1,400 US-trained and armed Cuban exiles arrived at an inlet on the southern coast of Cuba, aiming to stage a counter-revolution. It was not to be − two of the ships were quickly sunk, including the vessel carrying most of the supplies. Two CIA planes attempting to provide air-cover were also shot down. Within 72 hours all invaders had been killed, wounded or surrendered.

After the failure, Posada was trained by US intelligence in sabotage and the use of explosives, and worked closely with the CIA in Miami, being a major participant in the infamous Operation 40. The group was an unofficial 'hit squad', carrying out assassinations and terror attacks across the mainland US, Mexico, the Caribbean and Central America. He would remain an official CIA employee until 1967.

In 1968, he relocated to Venezuela, becoming a naturalized citizen. CIA files indicate his troublemaking in the hemisphere continued unabated, with involvement in bombing campaigns, overthrows of leaders troublesome to US financial interests in the region, and much more.

Aviation Atrocity

On October 6 1976, Air Cubana Flight 455 on its way from Barbados to Jamaica was bombed shortly after takeoff, killing all 73 people on board, including the Cuban national fencing team − many of whom were mere teenagers.

Police in Trinidad arrested two Venezuelans − Herman Ricardo and Freddy Lugo − both of whom were connected with Posada, and worked for his ICI security agency. The pair admitted planting two bombs on the plane, in a plot mapped out by Posada and his fellow Cuban exile militant Orlando Bosch.

Documents declassified in 2006 indicate the CIA was well aware of the attack in advance, and Posada's leading role in its planning and execution.

Posada was subsequently arrested too − in his possession was a map of Washington DC, which documented the daily route to work of Orlando Letelier, former Chilean Foreign Minister and refugee from the military dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet, who'd been assassinated in a car bomb attack September 21 1976.

The militant would spend several years in prison, before escaping in 1985 − he disguised himself as a priest, and the Cuban American National Foundation, a group with close ties to the Ronald Reagan administration, paid out sizeable bribes to local authorities. Posada then resettled in El Salvador, where he once again became involved in White House-directed operations in the region.

Perhaps most significantly, during this time he was assigned as deputy to CIA operative Felix Rodriguez, who'd overseen the capture and execution of Ernesto "Che" Guevara in Bolivia in 1967. The pair's primary job was to coordinate drops of military supplies to the Contras, a violent rebel group funded by the Reagan administration which opposed the progressive Sandinista government in Nicaragua.

US financial and material support for the Contras had been banned by in 1985, due to the group's concerted campaign of terrorism against civilians − which included targeting healthcare clinics and aid workers for assassination, kidnap, torture, execution, rape, theft and arson. However, the Reagan administration placed Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North in charge of a secret operation to maintain the transfer of US arms and money to the Contras.

CIA documents demonstrate Posada played a lead role in managing supply flights from the Salvadoran base of Ilopango to the Contra rebels at the border − and these planes were used by the Contras to boost their war budget, by loading them with cocaine that was then flown to mainland America.

'A Hug'

After leaving El Salvador, Posada settled in Honduras, where FBI agents allege he was responsible for 41 bombings in the country. He also used his new home as a base of operations for numerous attacks in Cuba, which included the notorious 1997 tourist bombings.

The sextet of incendiary attacks across the island was intended to deter rising tourism − several were killed, including Italian-born Canadian national Fabio di Celmo, and many were wounded.

In reaction to di Celmo's death, Posada told a journalist the next year "the Italian was in the wrong place at the wrong time, but I sleep like a baby." His primary regret, seemingly was the reluctance of US news organisations to report the strikes, adding "if there is no publicity, the job is useless."

On November 17 2000, Posada's luck seemingly ran out − he was caught with 200 pounds of explosives in Panama City and arrested. Investigators suspected he'd been planning the assassination of Fidel Castro, visiting the country for the first time since 1959. He spent several years in prison for the plot − but in August 2004, he was pardoned by outgoing Panamanian President Mireya Moscoso.

Moscoso, who'd been close to the George W. Bush administration, denied she'd been pressured by US officials to release him − but subsequently, the tape of an incriminating phone call made by the President to the US Ambassador came to light.

"Ambassador, good morning. This is the President to inform you the four Cubans were pardoned last night and have left the country. Three are on their way to Miami and the other, well, in an unknown direction. Goodbye. A hug."

Posada resurfaced in the US in 2005 − within weeks, he was arrested due to international pressure on the Bush administration to hold him to the same standard as other accused terrorists. However, officials refused to turn him over to Venezuela or Cuba, or try him on terrorism charges − he did however end up in court on the comparatively trifling charge of lying to immigration officials. He was acquitted of all charges in 2011, and lived out his days in Miami, financially supported by the city's large Cuban exile population.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 19:24| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

貝毒 全国で猛威 シアトル沖ではムール貝に半合成麻薬

毎日新聞2018年5月3日 09時30分
貝毒
全国で猛威 規制値超、05年以降で最悪
 アサリやカキなどの二枚貝を食べると中毒症状を起こす「貝毒」が猛威をふるっている。毒が規制値を超えて検出され出荷を自主規制するケースは、瀬戸内海東部を中心に全国で昨年の2.5倍で、国によると2005年以降で最悪の状況だ。食中毒被害も出ており、各地の自治体が注意を呼びかけている。
食中毒で入院例も
 貝毒は、二枚貝が有毒なプランクトンを食べて毒を体内にため込むことで発生する。加熱しても消えず、食べると手足や顔面がしびれ、呼吸困難などで死に至ることもある。
 農林水産省などによると、今年の出荷自主規制は4月26日までに56件。兵庫県の播磨灘では同月、記録が残る1980年以降初めて、アサリとマガキから規制値を超える貝毒を検出した。
 大阪府のまとめでは3月、泉南市や和歌山市で取れた貝で食中毒が2件発生した。アサリやムラサキイガイを食べた30〜60代の男女計4人が口や手足のしびれを訴え、3人が入院した。兵庫県明石市でも同月、地元で取れたムラサキイガイを食べた70代男性が、歩行が困難になるなどして入院した。
 養殖への影響も深刻だ。東日本大震災後に漁業の復興に力を入れる宮城県中北部沿岸では、ホタテガイから高い数値の貝毒を検出し、出荷の自主規制が続く。県の担当者は「これまでほとんど検出されなかった地域。出荷ピークを迎える時期が迫っているのだが……」と焦りを隠さない。
 プランクトンの生態に詳しい大阪府立環境農林水産総合研究所水産技術センターの山本圭吾研究員は「例年より早い2月上旬から原因プランクトンが現れ、1個体あたりの毒量が多くなったことが貝毒の高濃度化につながったとみられる」と分析し、「大阪湾では4月中旬から原因プランクトンの活動が収まっており、流行は収束に向かう」と予想する。
 大型連休中は大潮の影響で干満の差が大きく、潮干狩りに適しているとされるが、吉野川河口まで貝毒が広がる徳島県は、シジミの採取を控えるよう求めている。大阪府貝塚市の二色の浜公園では、貝毒対策で約10年前から入園者が採取したアサリを回収し、土産用に九州など安全な産地の貝と交換している。二色の浜観光協会の桝谷忠明取締役は「早く自分で取った貝を味わえるようになってほしい」と祈るように話した。【蒲原明佳】

シアトル沖のムール貝から半合成麻薬検出
RT2018/5/25
US opioid crisis: Mussels off Seattle found with oxycodone in their system
As the US continues to grapple with a widespread opioid epidemic, alarming research from Seattle indicates that the local population is consuming so much oxycodone that it’s seeping into the local water supply.

Scientists at the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife have found trace amounts of oxycodone in the Puget Sound using a study involving mussels. The shellfish are filter feeders who gain nourishment from their surroundings, while simultaneously absorbing whatever contaminants are also in the water – making them an ideal barometer for environmental scientists to test water pollution in a given area.
"What we eat and what we excrete goes into the Puget Sound," Jennifer Lanksbury, a biologist at the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, told CBS Seattle affiliate KIRO. "It's telling me there's a lot of people taking oxycodone in the Puget Sound area."

Clean mussels taken from Whidbey Island were brought to 18 urbanized locations around Puget Sound. In three out of 18 locations, the mussels tested positive for trace amounts of oxycodone, though none were found in areas where commercial fishing takes place.

While mussels don't actually metabolize drugs like oxycodone, fish do. Studies have even shown that certain species, like the zebrafish, will willingly dose themselves, if given the opportunity.

However, in this study, the amounts of opioids detected were thousands of times smaller than a human dose. It does, however, highlight just how prevalent opioid use is, with one in five Americans surveyed reporting that they personally knew someone who had been addicted to prescription painkillers. Exposure to opioid addiction was also twice as likely among white Americans than it was among the black population according to a Federal Reserve report.

オキシコドンとは、オピオイド系の鎮痛剤のひとつで、アヘンに含まれるアルカロイドのテバインから合成される半合成麻薬。商品名オキシコンチンなどがある。1996年のWHO方式がん疼痛治療法においては、3段階中の3段階目で用いられる強オピオイドである。 麻薬及び向精神薬取締法における麻薬で、劇薬でもある。 ウィキペディアから
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 18:33| Comment(2) | 健康づくり

人工知能(AI)スピーカーが夫婦の会話ファイルを外部に送信

毎日新聞2018年5月26日 17時05分(最終更新 5月26日 17時20分)マゾン
AIスピーカー、夫婦の会話を勝手に送信
 米アマゾン・コムの人工知能(AI)スピーカー「エコー」が、自宅での夫婦の会話を録音し、音声ファイルを勝手に外部に送信−−。米国でこんなトラブルが起きていたと、25日までに米メディアが報じた。アマゾンは「(AIの)聞き間違えが原因」と説明するが、プライバシー侵害に対する消費者の不安感が高まりそうだ。
 AIスピーカーは米グーグルや米アップルも販売しており、市場が急拡大している。今回のようなトラブルが続けば、売り上げにも影響を与える可能性がある。
 エコーは、搭載するAI「アレクサ」に呼び掛けることで起動する。今回のトラブルでは、夫婦の会話で使われた言葉に誤って反応して起動。録音を始め、その後の会話で使われた言葉を「送信」の指示と誤解した。
 アマゾンによると、アレクサは音声ファイルの送り先や送信の是非を持ち主に確認したが、会話の言葉を送り先の名前や送信許可と聞き間違えた。持ち主は、音声ファイルを受信した知人からの連絡で気付いたという。(共同)

・・・引用終わり・・・

こんなの使って実験台になっている人がいるんですね。

パソコンの音声指示なども、別の音も拾われてどこかに流されているはず。

ノートパソコンのカメラはカバーを付ける、音声を拾うことは禁止。

皆さん無防備です。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 18:19| Comment(0) | デジタル・インターネット

この雨はどこでしょう



ツイート主は青森県にお住いのようです。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 17:45| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

寄付金で調達した機器など

管理人は、寄付を寄せてくださった方に随時、資金の支出状況、機器の配布状況をお知らせしています。この記事は、その参考資料とするために書き始めたものですが、別に隠す必要もないので公開します。現在リアルタイム測定表示システムの設置は、全国に11か所に上りました。

MAZUR 右側日本語表示のものが1台目の自費購入分です。2台目と比べて約1割表示値が低くなっています。


放射能測定器 GC10A
これが現在使用している測定器の主力になっています。測定器本体、インターフェイスケーブル、ルアー入れのケースを別々に買い、穴を開けたり加工しこの形に整えています。電池で稼働もしますが、SOEKSと大きさを比較すると、携帯には不向きです。ですが、これまでのところ動作は確実で安定しています。据え置き型なら管理人のイチ押しです。

この測定器の使用に伴い、この器械専用の描画フリーソフトウェア、佐野 浩樹 氏の作成によるGC10 monitorを使わせてもらっています。ここに記して謝意を表します。

GC10Aとスティックパソコンによるリアルタイム線量率測定表示システムのGC10 monitorを用いて描かせたグラフです。


このシステムは、スティックパソコンとGC10Aとの器械2個の組み合わせでシンプルなものです。ですが、安いスティックパソコンを使用しているためか、システム出荷前にセットアップ、Windowsソフトの更新に時間がかかります。スムーズにいっても半日仕事です。加えてソフトのインストール、負荷テストと時間をかけています。

GM-10 リアルタイム線量率測定表示システムの定番です。測定器本体が3万円以上しますからパソコンと組み合わせると4万円以上の費用がかかります。さすがに歴史があり、安定性、メンテナンスフリーのため配慮が感じられます。Windowsのソフト更新で再起動しても自動で復帰して動き出します。


放射能測定器 RADEXONE
結局すべて有償で引き取ってもらいました。持ち運ぶには便利です。描画ソフトがありますが、3日程度に一回、メンテナンスが必要です。


放射能測定器 RDS20A
まだ片付かないものがいっぱいあります。人間なら片付かなくても良いのですが、こちらはちょっと困る。


ホットスポットファインダー一式。130万円の市販品に比べればリアルタイムで地図に表示できませんが、時間をかけ手間をかければ同等な成果を得られます。威力がありますが、機器の構成は単純です。


測定結果の一例


ホットスポットファインダーワンセット20万円、データ処理費1件千円で売れないでしょうか。同報メールで結果をお知らせしてもあまり反応はないですから、無理でしょうか。

SOEKS
管理人は、手元に何年も前に自費購入したSOEKS DEFENDERと01Mを置いてあります。他の測定器で異常な値が出たときは、SOEKS2台を送付し、線量率水準を確認しています。(画像は、放射能測定器 GC10Aにあります)
この2台は線量率の累積機能があり、この2台で地上高を異にして連続歩行測定を行うことでベータ線の多寡を地上高別、地域別に推定することができました。小岩地区の高線量率はこの方法で発見しました。GC10Aは、SOEKSに使われているGM管と同等なものを使っているようですが、新型のGM管を使っているようで少し感度が良いと見られます。

管理人自宅で稼働中のスティックパソコン
Windowsパソコンは、64ビットでRAMも4GB、ハードデスクに相当する記憶装置も64GBほどあります。管理人が5年前に買ったデスクトップと比べて、CPUの能力が少し落ちる程度です。Officeソフトをインストールして十分使えると思います。現在この器械でF1構内のライブカメラ映像や長者原定点カメラ画像を24時間キャプチャーしています。コードが多すぎるので無線のマウス、キーボードを繋げました。画像記録用にマイクロSDカード8GBを挿してあります。モニターは古いものを使っており、スティックパソコンのHDMI端子から延長コードを経てVGA変換プラグへ、そしてVGAメスメスプラグ、VGA Dsubにつながっています。これで1日で480枚のスクリーンショットを取っています。チェックが大変でこれが限度ですが、いざという場合には1分おき、30秒おきでもキャプチャーできます。ネット接続はWifiです。

LINUXパソコンは、試行錯誤で5、6回工場出荷状態に戻しました。今は監視強化時のモニタリングに使っています。電力消費が少なく24時間稼働が気になりません。モニターにつないでおいてモニターの電源を入れればすぐ目当てのサイトが見れます。

リアルタイム測定表示システムの主力パソコンとして使用中のWindows スティックパソコンです。


MAZUR用に買った7千円もした米国製ソフトです。今時こんなのが商品として通用することに驚きました。


米国がべらぼうな値段の欠陥だらけの武器を外国に買わせているのはまさにアメリカ的なのだと知りました。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 15:05| Comment(0) | 日記

2018/5/23 雨域が拡大 5/26西から雨 

しばらく地震は感じませんでしたが、少し増えていますね。
2018/5/17、12時12分頃関東地方で地震
2018年5月18日 3時42分ごろ 釧路沖 M5.8
経過を見ないといけません。

正午現在、北陸から北で降雨、線量率が上がっています。
東北の雨量は100mm以上との予想も。北東北は激しい雨だったようです。

2018/5/18



最新の状況はこちらでどうぞ。

下北半島、高いことが多いです。


2018/5/19午前1時、近畿と北陸以北の日本海側で空間線量率が上がっています。

東京は強い南風です。線量率が大きく上昇しているところが出ているでしょう。








12時間でこれだけの変化がありました。








2018/5/20深夜になって九州南部から降雨が始まり、空間線量率が上がっています。

2018/5/21、21:00 川崎区 浮島で空間線量上昇
・現在: 0.053 μSv/h
・平均: 0.039 μSv/h (過去30日平均)
降雨はありません。風は南の風。

2018/5/23、西から雨です。早朝に対馬でランプが点灯していました。


中部以西はほとんどが雨、関東でも降雨が始まりましたが全体的に空間線量率の上昇は少ないです。


読者の運営するリアルタイム測定結果でも大きく上がっているところはありません。宮城県で降雨がなくても上がっているところがあります。だいぶ飛んでいます。

正午過ぎ、東京神奈川で上昇開始。神奈南部は早期警戒発信装置が有効でしょう。


広い地域で降雨が続いていますが、線量率は大きくは上がっていません。


2018/5/23、日本の各地でそう大きくはないもののスパイクが出ています。

2018/5/26九州南部で雨、気流は太平洋岸に沿って流れています。東海、関東でも線量率が上がることのあるパターンです。


最新の状況はこちらでご覧になれます。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 11:14| Comment(2) | 福島原発事故

Putin warns of financial crisis the world ‘has not yet seen’

RT2018/5/25
Putin warns of financial crisis the world ‘has not yet seen’
The global economy is facing a threat of a spiraling protectionist measures that can lead to a devastating crisis, Vladimir Putin warned. Nations must find a way to prevent this and establish rules on how the economy should work.

The Russian president spoke out against the growing trend of using unilateral restrictions to achieve economic advantage, as he addressed guests of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF) on Friday.

“The system of multilateral cooperation, which took years to build, is no longer allowed to evolve. It is being broken in a very crude way. Breaking the rules is becoming the new rule,” he said.

In addition to traditional forms of protectionism such as trade tariffs, technical standards and subsidies, nations are increasingly using new ways to undermine their competition, like unilateral economic sanctions. And nations which thought they would never be targeted by such measures for political reasons are now being proved wrong, Putin said.

“The ability to impose sanctions arbitrarily and with no control fosters a temptation to use such restrictive tools again and again, right and left, in every case, regardless of political loyalty, talks about solidarity, past agreements and long cooperation,” he said.

Putin called for a change of course, for free trade to be defended, and for rules-based regulation of the global economy, which would alleviate the chaos resulting from the rapid technological transformations arising from the development of digital technology.

“The disregard for existing norms and a loss of trust may combine with the unpredictability and turbulence of the colossal change. These factors may lead to a systemic crisis, which the world has not seen yet,” he said.

He stressed that there is a need for transparent universal rules as well as an inclusive mechanism, which would allow those rules to be amended in a way that would be accepted by the international community.

“We don’t need trade wars today or even temporary trade ceasefires. We need a comprehensive trade peace,” the president stressed.

“Competition, clash of interests, has always been, is, and will always be, of course. But we must be respectful towards each other. The ability to resolve differences through honest competition rather than by restricting competition is the source of progress,” Putin added.

The speech comes amid turbulent times for the global economy, in which the nationalist policies of US President Donald Trump have pitted America against other nations which his administration believes to be enjoying unfair advantages in trade. Trump has threatened China, European nations, Canada, and Mexico with trade restrictions, demanding the perceived misbalances be fixed.

The US has also intensified its use of economic sanctions, targeting Russia, Iran, North Korea, and other nations with various punitive measures.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:31| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

2018年05月25日

ドル

RT2018/5/24
US has largest debt in world history, dollar to lose status as No.1 currency – Jim Rogers
The US dollar is becoming less appealing for investors as American debt continues to soar and the greenback is printed to cover it, investor Jim Rogers said at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF).

The American currency will lose the status of main reserve currency much sooner than 2030, Rogers said at the Valdai Club’s discussion session, held as part of SPIEF.

“Dollar is going to be higher than now because the turmoil is coming. Then, it is going to be overpriced and people will look around and say, ‘America’s got the largest debt in the history of the world. It’s printing money as fast as it can,’” the investor said.

People will look at what Brazil, Russia, China, India, Iran and other developing countries are doing, Rogers said. “They are forming a competing currency right now,” he added. So, the dollar alternative will come from the countries that “have been bossed by the US, and they don’t like it, but have enough power to do something about it.”

Rogers went on to say that organizations such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank “have never been right about anything” and should be abolished, since they have been politically dependent on the United States for decades.

Speaking separately to RT, the businessman said that sanctions and trade wars are the biggest threat to the world’s economic stability. “The world has learned throughout history that closing off is not good, opening up is good,” Rogers said.

RT2018/5/24
Russia ready to ditch dollar in favor of euro in foreign trade – finance minister

Settlements in US currency could be dropped by Russia in favor of the euro if the EU takes a stand against the latest US sanctions on Moscow, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov said at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.

“As we see, restrictions imposed by the American partners are of an extraterritorial nature. The possibility of switching from the US dollar to the euro in settlements depends on Europe’s stance toward Washington’s position,” said Siluanov, who is also Russia’s first deputy prime minister.

The EU initially supported Washington’s sanctions against Moscow, but has recently criticized US President Donald Trump’s policy of imposing trade restrictions on other countries. The EU was also hit by the introduction of US import duties on steel and aluminum. The situation escalated even more after the US withdrew from the nuclear deal with Iran.

“If our European partners declare their position unequivocally, we could definitely see a way to use the European common currency for financial settlements, such as payments for goods and services, which today are often subject to restrictions,” Siluanov said at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.

Siluanov added that Russia is already developing settlements in national currencies with its trading partners.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 02:32| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

‘Our military is ready, so are Japan’s and S. Korea’s’ – Trump on N. Korea situation

RT2018/5/24
‘Our military is ready, so are Japan’s and S. Korea’s’ – Trump on N. Korea situation
After cancelling a long-awaited summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, President Donald Trump reverted to his earlier rhetoric, saying that the US military is “more ready than...ever before,” Kim does something 'foolish.'

Delivering remarks on the cancellation Thursday, Trump chose to spend much of his time touting his military strength.

“Our military, which is by far the most powerful anywhere in the world,” he said, “is ready if necessary,” should Kim react badly to the cancellation. Trump also announced that South Korea and Japan were onboard and ready to shoulder some of the cost of military operations, should the need arise.

Trump called the latest development "setback," yet he expressed hope for the positive outcome.

“If and when Kim Jong Un chooses to engage in constructive dialog, I am waiting,” said Trump. Failing that, he warned Kim against “foolish and reckless” acts.

The cancellation came hours after Pyongyang dismantled its nuclear test site as promised.

RT2018/5/24
Trump cancels June summit with Kim, says 'You talk about nukes, but ours are massive'
US President Donald Trump has canceled a much-anticipated summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, “based on the tremendous anger and open hostility” from Kim, who threatened the US with a “nuclear-to-nuclear showdown.”

“I was very much looking forward to being there with you. Sadly, based on the tremendous anger and open hostility displayed in your most recent statement, I feel it is inappropriate, at this time, to have this long-planned meeting,” read the letter, sent a few hours after North Korea blew up its nuke testing site at Punggye-ri. The demolition was witnessed by a small pool of foreign journalists, and was considered a goodwill gesture from Kim ahead of the planned summit.

Sadly, I was forced to cancel the Summit Meeting in Singapore with Kim Jung Un. pic.twitter.com/qEoi9ymUEz
− Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) May 24, 2018

In his letter, Trump lamented the loss of a historic opportunity, but thanked Kim for releasing three American hostages, which he said was a “beautiful gesture.”

North Korean Vice Minister Choe Son-hui said earlier on Thursday that his country would walk away from the summit, which had been due to take place in Singapore on June 12, if Washington continued to carry out its "unlawful and outrageous acts."

"Whether the U.S. will meet us at a meeting room or encounter us at nuclear-to-nuclear showdown is entirely dependent upon the decision and behavior of the United States," Choe said.

The "unlawful acts" mentioned by Choe refer to joint military exercises carried out by the US and South Korea earlier this month. The North viewed these annual drills as intentional provocation and practice for an invasion.

Choe also singled out Vice President Mike Pence, who said earlier this week that North Korea could end up like Libya if Kim didn’t make a deal. The Libya comparison had been first made by Trump’s national security adviser, John Bolton, who suggested that the denuclearization of North Korea could follow “the Libya model.”

After surrendering his weapons in 2003, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was deposed and executed in a NATO-backed coup in 2011.

Following these statements, North Korea canceled talks with the South early in May, yet not the Singapore meeting with Trump. Since then the fate of the summit had been discussed almost daily in the media, with the US president being vague about its prospects.

Now Trump, who used to call Kim 'little rocket man,' and the North Korean leader seem to be back to threats.

“You talk about your nuclear capabilities, but ours are so massive and powerful that I pray to God they will never have to be used,” Trump said in the letter.

Finally, Trump suggested that maybe one day, the two leaders could be friends.

“If you change your mind... please do not hesitate to call me or write,” the letter reads.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:17| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

民主主義を実践していないサウジが民主的なイランを望むのは笑止千万

RT2018/5/24
'Idea that Saudis, who don't practice democracy, want democratic Iran is laughable'
Saudi Arabia and Israel don't want regime change in Iran, but would prefer to have an incompetent regime that mismanages the economy, and not allow it to truly live up to its full potential, author Trita Parsi told RT.

RT America's Ed Schultz discussed the latest developments on the Iranian deal with Trita Parsi, the author of 'Losing an Enemy: Obama, Iran, and the Triumph of Diplomacy' and President of the National Iranian-American Council.

RT: Secretary Mike Pompeo laid down a 12-point list of demands for Iran. Meanwhile, most of the American people aren't really sure about getting out of the Iran nuclear deal. How do you think the Iranian people feel about what's unfolding?

Trita Parsi: I think what they're seeing right now is an effort by the Trump administration to escalate matters towards war. And one of the things that will have an effect on them, first of all, new sanctions are going to make their lives miserable. Even when Obama was putting all of these very crippling sanctions on the Iranians, it didn't cripple Iranian nuclear program. But it made life for ordinary Iranians very bad, including a medicine shortage. Now they're going to go back to that. But perhaps even more. Because at least, Obama was using this as a pressure method in order to be able to get a deal. I don't think we can say that John Bolton's idea is to use pressure in order to get a deal. This guy doesn't strike deals, this guy starts wars.

RT: Pompeo talked about economically squeezing the Iranian people. They want regime change. What does this mean? Does this mean this is going to be Iraq all over again?

TP: Here's a very fascinating thing. You have to remember that a lot of the reason why the Trump administration is doing this right now, beyond Trump's own animosity towards the deal because it has Obama's name on it, comes from the fact that the Saudis and the Israelis have been pushing Trump to do this. And if you're looking at this from Riyadh, you don't want regime change in Iran.

You actually prefer to have a regime that is pretty incompetent, that mismanages the economy and doesn't allow Iran to truly live up to its full potential. What you want is to start some form of a civil war inside of Iran that essentially eliminates to a large extent Iran's power and then shifts the balance of power back to the favor of Saudi Arabia and Israel. That's what I think they're looking for - the idea that the Saudis, who don't practice democracy themselves, want to see a democratic Iran, is quite laughable.

RT: Do you think this will strengthen the resolve of the Iranian people?

TP: We've seen in the past that when under attack, they are as capable, if not more capable, than almost any other nation to rally around the flag. And here's one reason as to why I think that might be even more true in this case. Even earlier on, when Obama imposed the sanctions, that was during a period in which Ahmadinejad, a highly unpopular presidential figure was running this show, under those circumstances they still rally around flag. This time around, the blame for collapsing the deal is squarely at the feet of Donald Trump. The Iranians have lived up to the agreement. The IAEA has confirmed that 10 times. I think that's going to make it much more difficult for the Trump administration to get some internal upheaval.

RT: The United Nations Security Council supported this. There are superpowers on board with this. And there have been some economic commitments to deal with Iran, as well, to help their economy. Where does that stand, now that the US is pulling out of this? Will these other countries live up to the commitment? And will the Iranians stay in the deal?

TP: The Iranians likely will stay in the deal, granted that the other countries continue to uphold their end of the bargain, but beyond that fill in where the US left. Because for the Iranians to agree to continue to restrict their program, they need to be given the economic benefits they were promised. But how can Europe force its companies to continue, or actually expand their investments in Iran, if those companies are going to be risking sanctions from the US government, if they do so? It needs a really strong political will on the European side to make sure that this happens.

RT: And yet Pompeo says the position of the US is that they want full diplomatic ties. Is that a possibility? Could that be a reality?

TP: There could be a reality if there actually was a genuine negotiation, there was a genuine effort to be able to bring about some sort of resolution to this long-standing conflict between the two countries. The JCPOA was an excellent start. The most imminent problem was resolved. And now they had conversations with each other and they could start to address many of these other issues. And the Iranians have a whole set of issues as well that they would like to address with the US. But Trump has actually taken a triumph of diplomacy and turned it into a crisis of choice.

RT: Let's talk about your book 'Triumph of diplomacy.' What's the main message here?

TP: The main message was that everyone thought it would be impossible to get the US and Iran to come to an agreement. People said that the Iranians will never come to the table; if they did, they would never agree to an agreement; if they did, they would never live up to that agreement. Look, what happened: they came to the table, they negotiated, they lived up to their agreement. And now it is actually Donald Trump that is pulling out of it.

RT: And you mentioned that maybe one of the reasons why Trump is getting out of this deal is because it has got Obama's name on it.

TP: The same deal, but with his name on it, he will do it in a split second… In his mind any deal done by him by definition is a better deal.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:12| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

Who Is the Biggest Threat to the Middle East?

FARSNEWS2018/5/23
Who Is the Biggest Threat to the Middle East?
TEHRAN (FNA)- The United States, whose Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has just asked Iran to dismantle its missile defence program, is the biggest spender of arms in the world, that’s according to a new report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

The latest report says, in total, countries around the world spent $ 1.739 billion on arms in 2017. The five biggest spenders in 2017 were the United States, China, Saudi Arabia, Russia and India, which together accounted for 60 percent of global military spending. The US alone accounted for more than a third of the world total in 2017 ($695 billion) and it spent more than the next seven highest spenders combined.

Saudi Arabia, which is still busy bombing the poorest country in the Arab world - Yemen - is also the biggest spender in the Middle East, the same regime which would like us to believe that Iran and its missile defence program is a threat. SIPRI reports that military expenditure of countries in this region has increased by 41 percent, although it then decreased in some by 16 percent because of the fall in oil prices. However, the spending increased again in 2017 by 6.2 percent with Saudi Arabia being the largest military spender in the region and the third largest in the world.

Last but not the least, Israel’s military spending increased by 4.9 percent to $16.5 billion in 2017 as well (excluding about $3.1 billion in military aid from the US). Today Israel is one of the 10 countries with the highest “military burden” in the world (4.7 percent of GDP).

These data, combined with other key information on budget spending from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), show that the portion of GDP that Iran spent every year for the military, is much lower than the ones dedicated to the US, Israel and Saudi Arabia. Therefore, it is nonsense when these regimes claim that Iran is a threat to the region.

Strange enough, no one at the United Nations ever bothers to criticize this allocation of resources. Regardless of the freedom of each country to spend its budget in the way it prefers in order to guarantee security for its citizens, there is an important aspect to note. The US, Saudi Arabia and Israel spend a lot of money on armaments because they are using them - more specifically firing them. Otherwise no country in its right mind would ever want to waste money on something it knows it won’t use - in this case arms.

Put differently, Saudi Arabia has just purchased arms from the US worth over $100 billion. This is more than what the regime could ever need for self-defence. All these armaments will have to be fired someday, and that someday is now. As we speak, Saudi Arabia and its allies are busy using those arms to destroy Yemen and even fuel a new conflict in post-ISIL Syria. They target Syrian army positions and build illegal military bases there because they want a new war. They are even leading their allies to a war with Iran!

This should be a wakeup call for the international civil society. The United Nations Security Council should never play along the destabilising policies of these warmongers, which are lobbying for American sanctions and military interventions all over the Middle East. The official line pursued by the US, Israel and Saudi Arabia is almost one that would lead the world to war. This shouldn’t be the official line of the UN. IN these difficult times, the region’s peace and stability may depend upon the UN’s diplomatic capabilities and willingness to forge strong ties with China, Russia, the European Union and other members.

There is a massive deception campaign in the US and in its global propaganda, which seeks to portray the United States as a poor set-upon nation that would like regional peace, but just has to keep a military stationed around the Middle East to police its allies against so-called “Iranian threat.”

In fact, nothing could be further from the truth. That truth is that the US is the biggest warmonger the world has ever known, followed by Israel and Saudi Arabia, two of the biggest recipients of US military aid and weapons sales. The US is also the world’s biggest arms merchant and a promoter of instability within the Middle East. Mind you, the US-led wars on Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria and Yemen serve as further proof that none of these weapons the US is selling makes either the US or the world any safer.

In summation, the threat of Iran is a media hype absent in reality and overblown on a daily basis. With so much American armaments around, Iran sees itself not as a threat but as threatened by America’s hostile allies. It is sad reality that if one wants to get accurate information about this, one must mostly bypass Pompeo’s anti-Iran rhetoric and baseless allegations, and look to sources outside the US government unaffected by the US administration's disinformation campaign.

Whatever the reality, the threat from Iran has been overblown for various reasons including by Israel and the Military-Industrial Complex to relieve Persian Gulf Arab States of their money in return for expensive American armaments and by those in Tel Aviv and Riyadh who want to construct a scary enemy to prolong their despotic regimes and attract diplomatic support.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:00| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

2018年05月24日

ラマダーンのペルシャ料理

FARSNEWS2018/5/24
Persian Cuisine for Ramadan
TEHRAN (FNA)- Ramadan is the 9th month of the Muslim calendar and is a time of prayer, reflection, fasting and self-sacrifice.

Ramadan is the 9th month of the Muslim calendar and is a time of prayer, reflection, fasting and self-sacrifice.

Ramadan is deeply followed by the Muslims in Iran. It is considered as the month to strengthen family bonds and thanking the Almighty for His blessings. Many people spend generously during Ramadan to support the needy with food, clothes and other items.

The meal consumed before dawn is known as "Sahari", which varies from family to family. Some prefer hot meals while others eat bread, jam, cheese, and eggs. Many families also consume dates and hot tea.

Iftar traditions vary widely around the world. Muslims in many countries eat dishes that are typical for their region the year round. In other countries, special dishes are particularly associated with the iftar meal.

Iranians traditionally break their fast with dates and a cup of tea or hot water. Some families combine Iftar and dinner into one meal, while others prefer a gap between the two. Tea, bread, cheese, fresh vegetables, Zulbia and Bamia (two traditional Persian sweets coated in sugar syrup), Halva, Sholeh Zard (a sweet Iranian dessert made of rice, sugar, and saffron), Ash Reshteh, and Haleem as well as various kinds of soups are commonly served during Iftar time.

Ash Reshteh

Ash reshteh (Persian Noodle Soup with Herbs) is a type of āsh (thick winter soup) made commonly in Iran. The ingredients used are reshteh (thin noodles), kashk (a whey-like dairy product), herbs such as parsley, spinach, dill, spring onion ends and sometimes coriander, chick peas, black eye beans, lentils, onions, flour, dried mint, garlic, oil, salt and pepper.

Haleem

Haleem is stew popular in the Middle East, Central Asia, and the South Asia. Although the dish varies from region to region, it always includes wheat, barley, lentils and meat. Popular variations include keşkek in Anatolia, Iran, the Caucasus region and northern Iraq; harissa in the Arab world and Armenia; khichra in Pakistan and India; and Hyderabadi haleem in southern India. Haleem is made of wheat, barley, meat (usually beef or mutton, but sometimes chicken or minced meat), lentils and spices. This dish is slow cooked for seven to eight hours, which results in a paste-like consistency, blending the flavors of spices, meat, barley and wheat.

Haleem is sold as a snack food in bazaars throughout the year. It is also a special dish prepared throughout the world during the Ramadan and Moharram months of the Muslim Hijri calendar, particularly among Iranian, Pakistani and Indian Muslims. In India, Haleem prepared in Hyderabad during the Ramadan month, is transported all over the world through a special courier service. Haleem is traditionally cooked in large, wood-fired cauldrons. Haleem is also very popular in Bangladesh, especially during the holy month of Ramadan, when it is a staple dish.

Shami Lapeh

Persian Shami Lapeh is a delicious and traditional Persian main dish. Shami is a combination of beef, yellow split peas, egg and spices. To prepare it dissolve ground saffron in 1 tablespoon of boiling water (find the How to Use Saffron under the Tips on How to... section) and set aside. Pick over the peas and remove any stones. Wash and drain. Place the peas in a pot and pour 3-4 cups water over them. Cover the pot and bring to a boil. Then reduce heat to medium-low and simmer until peas are tender (add more water during cooking, if necessary). Drain and set aside. Heat 2 tablespoons canola oil in a pot over medium heat; add the onion and sauté for 3 minutes. Increase heat to medium-high; add beef and sauté until brown on all sides. Add the turmeric, 1 1/2 cups water, salt and pepper. Cover the pot and bring to a boil. Reduce heat to medium-low and simmer until beef is tender, stirring occasionally.

Continue cooking until all liquid is absorbed. Set aside to cool to room temperature. Place the beef and peas in a large bowl; combine well. Using a food processor, grind the beef and peas mixture until smooth and soft. Add the eggs, dissolved saffron, baking powder, salt and black pepper; mix well. Taste and adjust seasonings. Take a small amount of the mixture (about 3 tablespoons) and make a small ball out of it. Flatten the ball shaping into patties, about 3/4 inch thick. Poke a hole in the center. Heat the oil in a non-stick frying pan over medium-high heat until hot but not smoking. Reduce heat to medium. Place the Shami gently in the frying pan (making sure not to overcrowd). Fry until they are cooked through and golden brown on each side (once you see that the bottom has turned into golden color flip them over). Add more oil, if necessary. Be careful not to overcook and burn them. Place them on paper towel to absorb the extra oil. Then transfer to a serving dish and garnish with fresh parsley. Serve cold or hot with bread.

Sholeh Zard

Sholeh Zard is a sweet Iranian dessert made of saffron, sugar, and rice. To prepare it, wash rice a few times until the water is clear, then drain. Add six times water and bring to a boil, removing the foam. When rice softens completely, add sugar and stir well. Dissolve saffron in half a cup of hot water and add to the mix. Heat up oil and also add to the mix. Add in most of the almonds and the rosewater. Stir well and cover. Cook in oven at low temperature for half an hour. Serve with pistachio, almond and cinnamon sprinkled on top.

Halva

Halva is a tasty dessert. To prepare it, heat oil in a frying pan until it is hot. Add flour, reduce heat and stir frequently until the mix changes colour to golden, thickens and becomes fragrant. Add sugar to one glass of water and bring to a boil. Add saffron and rosewater and stir. Let flour cool slightly, then add the mix and stir well. If the mix is not thick, heat for 1-2 minutes but not longer. Serve with crushed pistachio and almond sprinkled on top.

Zulbia and Bamia

Zulbia & Bamia is one of the favorite deserts in Iran. It is made of starch, yogurt, flour, saffron, oil, and rose water.

In order to prepare Zulbia mix starch, 2 tablespoons of sugar, and water, then add yogurt and mix well until the mixture is even and smooth. Heat oil in a pan until hot. Pour the mix through a funnel into the pan creating round lattice shapes about 5-6 cm in diameter. Turn heat down and fry fully on one side, then on the other. Mix well sugar, rose-water, and a glass of water. Heat until water comes to a boil, and the syrup thickens. Remove from heat. Soak Zulbia in the syrup for about 5 minutes, then serve.

For cooking Bamia Mix cooking oil with a glass of water and 1-2 spoons of sugar, and bring to a boil. Pour in flour and mix well. When water boils off and the mix thickens, remove from heat. Allow the mix to cool down, then add eggs and mix well until smooth. Heat oil in a pan until hot. Pour the mix through a funnel into the pan, creating flattened balls about 3 cm in diameter. Fry on both sides. Mix well sugar, rose-water, and a glass of water. Heat until water comes to a boil, and the syrup thickens. Remove from heat. Soak baamieh in the syrup for about 5 minutes, then serve.

Fereni

Fereni is a Persian pudding dessert that people make for various occasions. For some events Fereni is served cold as a dessert, while at other times it is served warm for someone who is feeling under the weather or sick. To prepare it dissolve rice flour in milk. Add sugar and rosewater. Stir regularly over medium heat until it comes to slow boil and thickens. Sprikle crushed pistachio on top and serve cold.

Shir Berenj

In Persian/Farsi language, "shir" means milk and "berenj" means rice. Placing rice, the staple of Iranian cooking, in a pot along with milk and simmering it till well-cooked with the right consistency is what this pudding is all about. To cook it, wash rice well, then drain the water. Add two glasses of water to rice and cook until rice slightly softens. Add milk and continue cooking over medium heat until the mix thickens. Add rosewater and cook for another minute or so. Add cream and serve with sugar or jam on top.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:23| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

US-Led Coalition Attacks Syrian Army Positions in Deir Ezzur to Support ISIL ・・incorrect?

FARSNEWS2018/5/24
US-Led Coalition Attacks Syrian Army Positions in Deir Ezzur to Support ISIL
TEHRAN (FNA)- The US-led coalition fighter jets attacked the Syrian army positions in Southeastern Deir Ezzur in blatant support for the ISIL terrorists operating in the same region.

The Arabic-language website of SANA news agency quoted the sources as saying that the US warplanes have bombed a number of the Syrian army positions between Albu Kamal and Hamimeh.

Other reports also said that the US-led coalition has pounded 2 positions of the army in Syria's Badiyeh (desert) region near the T2 station.

They added that the airstrikes were staged as the ISIL terrorists are recruiting their forces, noting that the attacks inflicted damage on a number of structures.

The airstrikes were launched in less than 24 hours after the army units repelled the ISIL terrorists' offensives on several military points in Badiyeh al-Mayadeen in Deir Ezzur, killing several militants, including foreign terrorists, and wounding a number of others.

In a relevant development on Wednesday, the Syrian army troops engaged in fierce clashes with the ISIL in a desert-like region between Western Deir Ezzur and Eastern Homs and fended off terrorists' heavy offensive, killing or wounding a large number of the gunmen.

The army men exchanged fire with ISIL after the terrorists tired to break through the government forces' positions in Badiyeh near the town of al-Mayadeen and another Badiyeh near the villages in the Northern countryside of the town of Albu Kamal in Southeastern Deir Ezzur near the border with Iraq, and managed to repel the terrorists' heavy offensives.

Terrorists suffered tens of casualties in the failed attacks.

In the meantime, other units of the army clashed with the ISIL near an army positions near Oweiraz Dam Southeast of T3 Station in Southeastern Badiyeh of Homs, repelling the terrorists' attack after killing and injuring a large number of them.

The ISIL further retreated from the battlefield to evade more losses.

RT2018/5/24
Reports on US-led bombing of Syrian Army are incorrect – Russian military source
Overnight reports on US-led coalition strikes on Syrian Army positions are not “consistent with the reality,” according to a military source. Earlier, the Pentagon said it has no information on the operation.

Early Thursday, Syrian state media reported that US-led coalition warplanes targeted Syrian Army positions in the eastern Syrian province of Deir ez-Zor. The allegations, however, appear to not be completely accurate.

The information about the alleged attack on Syrian positions by the US-led coalition “is not consistent with the reality,” a military source said.

Shortly after reports on the attack emerged, a Pentagon spokesman said the US military has “no operational reporting” about any operation against the Syrian government.

Though the reports on the strike appear to be untrue this time, the US-led forces have repeatedly hit Syrian Army positions or allied forces. In one infamous case, a US-led strike killed 60 Syrian troops near the city of Deir ez-Zor in 2016. The US military later admitted it was a mistake.

However, that was not the only attack on pro-government forces gaining ground against Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) terrorists in Syria. In February, US forces launched a drone strike that destroyed a tank of the pro-government forces in eastern Syria, and earlier that month, a separate attack killed around 100 pro-government fighters. The Pentagon claimed both bombings came in retaliation for alleged attacks on the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) – US allies in the region.

The presence of the US contingent and its operations in Syria have not been sanctioned by either Damascus or the UN Security Council. The Syrian government has repeatedly called their presence an illegal aggression against a sovereign state.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:18| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

Opposition Figure: West after Replacing Syrian Gov't with Kurds

Opposition Figure: West after Replacing Syrian Gov't with Kurds
TEHRAN (FNA)- Secretary-General of the opposition Syrian Forces Union Fajr Zeidan warned that certain western states, including the US and France, are attempting to overthrow the Syrian government in the hands of Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).

Zeidan said on Thursday that the West is supporting the SDF politically, logistically and militarily to help them drive out the ISIL from occupied areas and gain control of those regions first.

He referred to the deployment of the French forces to support the Kurds in Syria, and said that they entered the country at the direct order of US President Donald Trump who is trying to mobilize all countries to help the Kurds and force them to interact with the SDF instead of the Syrian government to overthrow the Bashar al-Assad government.

Zeidan underlined that the French forces' activities in Syria have not been coordinated with the army and they have been deployed in the country to aid the SDF in preparation for the next phase that will include control of the Kurds on more regions than the Syrian government.

He said more foreign forces affiliated to the US-led coalition would be stationed in Syria under the pretext of fighting against the ISIL so that the Kurds can take control of the terrorist-held regions before the Syrian army.

A militant-affiliated news website reported on Sunday that the French military deployed a number of heavy weapons in the Eastern province of Deir Ezzur as they have also widened presence in regions controlled by the US-led militants in Northeastern Syria.

Orient news website reported that the French forces have deployed six artillery batteries near the village of al-Baqouz in Southeastern Deir Ezzur.

It further said that the French forces have dispatched more military equipment to Manbij, Hasaka, Ein Issa and Raqqa regions.

The website went on to say that the French forces have mainly been deployed to Tal Mashti al-Nour region South of the town of Ein al-Arab (Kobani) and Sarin region in Northern Aleppo and the town of Ein Issa and the village of Khirbet al-Ushaq in Northern Raqqa.

The French forces have recently increased dispatch of forces and military equipment from Iraq to Syria, it said, adding that tens of armored vehicles carrying French soldiers have been seen in the town of Manbij in Aleppo province, in Deir Ezzur province, in Hasaka and in other regions that are under the US-led militias' control.


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 21:25| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

「核燃半島化」進む下北半島 *良記事*

北海道新聞 2018/05/20 05:30
「核燃半島化」進む下北 空冷で保管 初の専用施設稼働へ 最大5千トン、最長50年「中間貯蔵」
原発で使い終えた大量の核燃料を空冷で保管する施設が、今年中にも青森県むつ市で操業を始める。東京電力の子会社「リサイクル燃料貯蔵(RFS)」が建設した全国初の保管専用施設で、最大5千トン、最長50年間保管する。手狭になった原発の貯蔵プールから使用済み核燃料を運び出すために造った施設だ。近くの六ケ所村では日本原燃の再処理工場の貯蔵プールに既に3千トン近くを受け入れており、函館の対岸にある下北半島が使用済み燃料の「保管庫」になりつつある。

 打ちっ放しのコンクリートに囲まれた貯蔵施設内部は巨大な体育館のようだった。壁は厚さ1・5メートル。「100年たってもびくともしない」と東電出身のRFSの安藤達也副部長(59)は胸を張った。

 2000年の法改正で原発の敷地外で使用済み燃料の保管ができるようになった。13年に建物が完成した3千トン分の貯蔵施設は、幅約60メートル、奥行きは約130メートルある。1基当たり10トン強の使用済み燃料が入る高さ5・4メートル、直径2・6メートルの円筒形の鋼鉄製容器「乾式キャスク」が、最終的に288基まで並べられる。

 キャスクは貯蔵施設の側面の給気口から自然に取り込まれる空気で冷やす。水を循環させるプールと違い、冷却用電源は要らない。将来は、さらに2千トンを貯蔵できる施設の建設が計画されている。

 「トランクルームのようなものです」と安藤副部長は言う。使用済み燃料の持ち主は電力会社。RFSは「ただ預かるだけ」だ。現在は操業開始に向けた国の審査中で実物は一つも入っていない。それでも「核物質防護のため」との理由から施設内の写真撮影は一切許可されなかった。

 RFSは東電が80%、日本原子力発電が20%を出資し、その割合通り東電4千トン、原電が千トンの使用済み燃料を保管する計画だ。まず東電が新潟県の柏崎刈羽原発から運び込む。原発のプールでは全国一大きい同原発のプールも既に8割が埋まっており、再稼働すればやがてあふれてしまうからだ。1月にRFSが発表した計画では、本年度から3年間で計169トンを受け入れる段取りだという。

 東電と原電の「トランクルーム」を関西電力が使う構想も浮上している。関電は新たな規制基準の下で16年以降、福井県で高浜原発3、4号機、大飯原発3号機を再稼働させたのに続き、今月9日に同4号機を再稼働させた。県は関電に対し、使用済み燃料を早く県外に搬出するよう求めており、関電は今年中に搬出先を決めるとしている。

 最有力候補がRFSの施設とみられるが、1月に報道されると地元は猛反発しRFSも関電分の受け入れ計画を否定した。関電が持ち込むには青森県、むつ市と新たに協定を結ぶ必要があり、先行きは不透明だ。

 関電や東電、原電だけでなく、今後、全国の原発のプールからあふれる分を乾式キャスクで空冷保管する流れが強まりそうだ。既に東電福島第1原発と原電東海第2原発の敷地内に小規模な乾式貯蔵施設があり、中部電力や四国電力も原発敷地内での施設建設を検討している。

 RFSの貯蔵施設で保管する期間は、最初にキャスクを搬入してから最長で50年。例えば操業開始から30年後に搬入した使用済み燃料の保管期間はその後20年間となる。

 あくまで「中間貯蔵」との位置付けで、50年以内に搬出する約束だ。搬出先などは操業開始後40年目までに地元と協議するとしている。では、どこへ持って行くのか―。RFSは「電力会社が決めること」と言い、東電は「今後検討する」とだけ回答した。

■最終処分地見通せず

 むつ市のリサイクル燃料貯蔵(RFS)の施設は「中間貯蔵施設」と呼ばれる。中間貯蔵とは「ここで最終処分するのではなく期限が来れば運び出す」という意味だ。RFSの施設の場合、使用済み核燃料の保管期限は「50年以内」だ。

 六ケ所村には「30〜50年間」の約束で、高レベル放射性廃棄物(核のごみ)を保管する日本原燃の施設もある。海外でガラスと混ぜて固め容器に入れた核のごみが1800本以上保管されているが、その最終処分地が決まる見通しは全く立っていない。

 同じように中間貯蔵という意味合いが強調される施設が福島県にもある。環境省が東京電力福島第1原発周辺に整備中の除染廃棄物の中間貯蔵施設だ。こちらは「30年以内」に埋め立てた土などを県外に搬出すると約束している。

 ただ福島県民への意識調査によると約束を信じているのは2%だった。2年前にこの調査結果をまとめた地方自治総合研究所の今井照(あきら)主任研究員(64)は「(搬出できるという)フィクション(作り話)のもとでないと福島の中間貯蔵施設は造れなかった。下北の核燃関連施設も同じ構図。原子力政策にはこうしたまやかしが多い」と指摘する。

・・・引用終わり・・・

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:59| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

all US involvement in northwestern Syria is at an end ?? 違うだろう

「米軍が北部シリアから撤退し、2億ドルの人道支援も他地域に振り分け」との情報が流れていますが、正確には北西部シリアに投じていた2億ドルの資金を北東部シリアに振り向けるということです。米国は、シリア北部でクルド系のSDFを支援し大量の車両や武器、弾薬を供与しています。2億ドルは人道援助ではありません。米国はシリア南部で政府の行う人道援助を妨害しています。米国はシリア北東部に新たな基地を建設し、テロリストを集結させています。CBSのニュースも疑問点だらけです。

この記事は2018/5/21に書いたものですが、2018/5/23、なんとエルドアンが米国のこの発表は事実に即していないと批判しています。管理人はエルドアンを評価しませんが、彼のイスラエル批判と言い、舌鋒の鋭さはなかなかのものです。

TEHRAN (FNA)- Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on Tuesday that statements claiming Washington would stop sending aid to Northwestern Syria did not reflect what was really going on, since there was no US presence in the region.

"This is an inconsistent statement. What assistance does the United States provide in Syria’s Northwest? Russia is operating there. The United States [aid] is mostly deployed on the Manbij side. And the help they are providing there consists of weapons and ammunition supplies to the YPG [Syrian Kurdish People's Protection Units]," Erdogan told reporters, as cited by the TRT broadcaster.

The Turkish President explained that the United States was not carrying out a humanitarian action in Northwestern Syria, nor were there any US troops in Idlib and Douma. He clarified that only Turkish and Russian troops were operating in the region, including Afrin.

The statement refers to the Friday's report by CBS News, citing US administration officials, saying that Washington decided to cut financial aid to Northwestern Syria and redirect it to areas where it had a greater impact. According to the media, the United States had been engaged in counterterrorism activities and providing support to independent society and media in the region. The US would, however, continue providing humanitarian aid there, the media added.

US President Donald Trump in March suspended over $200 million in funds for recovery efforts in Syria after suggesting that the United States' withdrawal was only a matter of time.

・・・・・
以下は2018/5/21に掲載

※ やのっち(。・ɜ・)d @_yanocchi0519 氏はよく研究されていると思いますが、2018/5/20の次のツイートは誤解を招く表現になっています。
「米軍、シリア北部から撤退のお知らせ!
キ━━イイィィ(。☉ω ⊙。)タァァアア━━ッッッ!!!!!」

debka May 19, 2018 @ 18:43
US withdraws involvement, $200m in aid, from northwestern Syria
The Trump administration announced Saturday that all US involvement in northwestern Syria is at an end, barring humanitarian assistance, since the region has been cleared of ISIS. This area includes Idlib which is still under rebel control and is surrounded by Russian, Syrian and Turkish forces, as well as Afrin which is under Turkish occupation up to Aleppo. The administration said the money could be more usefully spent in other parts of the country

CBSNEWS May 18, 2018, 6:52 PM
Trump administration ends aid for northwestern Syria
The Trump administration has withdrawn all assistance from Northwest Syria, according to administration officials. This is the newest demonstration of the administration's intent to briskly exit the country once ISIS is fully defeated.

The decision, made through an inter-agency process over the last few weeks, will mean that tens of millions of dollars will be cut off from previous U.S.-backed efforts to strengthen and stabilize the local society. Projects included countering violent extremism, supporting independent society and independent media, strengthening education, and advocating for community policing. The region will become the first area of the country where, other than humanitarian aid, the U.S. is officially disengaging.

Trump freezes $200 million in funds earmarked for Syria recovery

After President Trump's request to review all U.S. assistance to Syria, administration officials were tasked with looking at where the U.S. could save money and, in short, get more bang for their buck in the country. The U.S. assistance in the northwestern region is viewed as not having a great impact on Syria in the long-term. Some of the money that has been cut from the northwest is being reprogrammed, those decisions are ongoing.

The administration intends to narrow its focus onto the fight against ISIS and has recently halted funding to groups like the White Helmets, a famed rescue and civilian assistance operation in Syria. ISIS has been cleared from 95 percent of the territory it once occupied, but is clinging on to its last strongholds. Last month, when Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis was asked about withdrawing from Syria, he said there would be a "re-energized" fight in the Middle Euphrates River Valley against ISIS. Mattis did not say what would happen after that fight had concluded.

A State Department official told CBS News, "$200 million of stabilization assistance for Syria is currently under review at the request of the President. Distinct from that amount, U.S. assistance for programs in northwest Syria are being freed up to provide potential increased support for priorities in northeast Syria, as will be determined by the outcome of the ongoing assistance review, including the D-ISIS campaign and stabilization efforts."
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 02:30| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

米国主導のシリア、イラクでの対ISIS作戦はベトナム戦争以来の致死的なもの

FARSNEWS2018/5/23
US-Led Operations against ISIL in Syria, Iraq Deadliest Since Vietnam War
TEHRAN (FNA)- The US-led coalition is responsible for at least 9,600 civilian deaths in its campaign against ISIL in Syria and Iraq, representing the highest death toll inflicted by western military forces since the Vietnam War, a fresh report by London-based NGO Airwars said.

"Since 2014, Airwars estimates that the Coalition is likely responsible for between 6,250 and 9,600 civilian deaths overall in the war against ISIL, out of more than 25,000 civilian fatalities alleged locally by Iraqis and Syrians," the Airwars said, Sputnik reported.

The NGO went on saying that non-combatant casualties from US-led strikes "appear to be at their highest levels since Vietnam," but little has been done to calculate the official death toll from urban fighting.

According to Airwars, the coalition failed to properly assess 'unobservable' civilian harm in urban fighting and relied on remote analysis, which did not allow non-combatant damage in residential areas to be realistically estimated. The inability to carry out field analysis and assess how many people may have been hiding near targeted areas was probably the key reason why the coalition undercounted the death toll, Airwars concluded.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:48| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ポンペオの論評は反応するに値しない イラン外相

FARSNEWS20185/5/23
Iranian FM: Pompeo's Remarks Not Worth Response
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif blasted US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo for his threats to Tehran, but meantime, said his comments were so cheap that they were not worth even a response.

"Mr. Pompeo's remarks were uttered carelessly, indecently and illogically and they are not worth a response," Zarif told reporters after a cabinet meeting in Tehran on Wednesday.

He said that Pompeo and other officials of the current US administration are "prisoners of their wrong illusions and the corrupt pressure groups which are being disgraced one after another before the world's public opinion".

"This indicates the bankruptcy of the US foreign policy which has turned into a leased policy," Zarif said.

He described Pompeo's comments as "unreal" and "based on the old failed policies".


Zarif downplayed Pompeo's claims of the US plans to impose harsh sanctions against Iran, saying that Washington failed in the past to implement what it called "crippling sanctions" against Tehran even when it was backed by an international consensus.

On Monday morning, Pompeo gave a speech at the Heritage Foundation in Washington: "After the Deal: A New Iran Strategy." Over 26 minutes, Pompeo articulated a strategy that can best be summarized as, "Do everything we say, or we will crush you", days after the US withdrawal from the 2015 nuclear deal.

US President Donald Trump announced on May 8 that the US would no longer remain part of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and promised to re-impose the highest level of economic sanctions against Iran in response to Tehran's development of its nuclear program.

After Trump's declaration, the Iranian government issued a statement, calling the US withdrawal as "unlawful". The statement underlined Iran's prerequisites for continuing the deal with the five world powers after the US pullout of the agreement.

"Iran, as a country that has remained committed to its legal obligations, will pursue the US Government’s decision to withdraw from the JCPOA as provided by the mechanisms and provisions of the accord, and if the US withdrawal is not fully compensated and the full interests of the Iranian people are not met and guaranteed – as stated in the accord and as outlined by Iran’s Leader on 9 May – it will exercise its legal right to take whatever reciprocal measures it deems expedient. Other parties to the JCPOA, and especially its three European signatories, must take necessary action to safeguard the accord and to implement their commitments – which they proved incapable of fully performing even while the US was nominally a party to the deal, due to the obstructions by the Trump Administration – and to proceed from giving pledges to taking practical action without any preconditions," it said.

"None of the provisions or timeframes within the JCPOA, which were the subject of twelve years of negotiations, are negotiable in any manner. The US, which has through its meddling and erroneous policies ignited extremism, terrorism, destruction, war and child killing in our region, is in no position to issue any diktat about the Islamic Republic of Iran’s lawful presence within its own region nor its effective support for the peoples of Syria and Iraq in their endeavor to fight extremists. The US and its allies, which through their support for the regime of Saddam Hussein, including equipping it with chemical weapons and the most advanced military equipment while blocking Iran’s access to any means of defense victimized the Iranian people for eight years, and currently turning our region into a powder keg through their sale of hundreds of billions of dollars of useless advanced weaponry devouring the financial resources of the region, are in no position to impose restrictions on the Islamic Republic of Iran’s lawful means of defense, including defensive ballistic missiles which have been designed to carry conventional weapons based on the bitter experiences of the war with the regime of Saddam Hussein. Indeed, such efforts explicitly violate the principles of international law, and the Islamic Republic of Iran’s legitimate right to self-defense under Article 51 of the United Nations Charter," it added.

"As announced by the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 8 May, the Foreign Minister has been tasked with the duty of taking the necessary measures to obtain required guarantees from the remaining parties to the JCPOA as well as Iran’s other economic partners, and to immediately report the results of this mission. Meanwhile, the President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran has been tasked with taking all necessary steps in preparation for Iran to pursue industrial-scale enrichment without any restrictions, using the results of the latest research and development of Iran’s brave nuclear scientists."

"The people of Iran will with calm and confidence continue their path towards progress and development and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran has foreseen all necessary measures to facilitate this under any circumstances," the statement continued.

"The Islamic Republic of Iran, as a secure and powerful state, which derives its security and economic development from within, relying on the prudent participation and resilience of its brave and civilized people, seeks constructive and dignified engagement with the world, and as shown by its implementation of the JCPOA despite the United States’ continuous violations, is a trustworthy and committed partner for all who are prepared to cooperate on the basis of shared interests and mutual respect," it reiterated.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:18| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

Israeli govt minister tells EU: ‘Go to a thousand, thousand hells’

RT2018/5/23
Israeli govt minister tells EU: ‘Go to a thousand, thousand hells’

Unhappy about EU calls to probe alleged Israeli police brutality against activists protesting the bloodshed on the Gaza border, Israel's Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz said the EU could go "to a thousand thousand hells."

Steinitz was giving an interview to a local radio station when he said of the EU, "Let them go to a thousand thousand hells," as cited by Haaretz. His response followed the EU’s call for a “swift investigation” into the Israeli police’s violent crackdown on protesters in Haifa last Friday. They had been criticising the State of Israel for the high death toll at the border with Gaza.

The protests resulted in the serious injury of Jafar Farah, director of the Haifa-based NGO Mossawa, which champions the rights of Israeli-Arabs.

The Israeli minister said he wished to send “to hell the European Union which doesn't really represent the European nations.”

He slammed the EU as “an organization that no-one is leading and is less friendly to Israel than the European states themselves.” Steinitz’s stance was backed by Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan who, in a response to the EU’s demand for a swift investigation, said that “Israel, as the only democracy in the Middle East, does not need moralistic warning calls from a biased and obsessive body like the EU."

In the same interview Israel’s energy minister also slammed the EU for cementing its relationship with Iran and maintaining the Iran nuclear deal.

Farah, whose knee had been broken at a Friday protest night, was taken into custody together with other 20 activists. “When I was brought to the police station with my son, I found him on the floor covered in blood. When I asked the police officer, ‘Who gave you the right to treat my son this way?’ his response was to break my knee,” Farah said in an interview with Army Radio.

“In a democratic country, the leg of a detained demonstrator will not be broken,” Farah’s son, Basel, told the Army Radio.

The Israeli Justice Ministry had denied any police wrongdoing following the Friday demonstrations in Haifa. On Monday the Justice Ministry’s Police Investigation Department opened a probe into allegations of police brutality. As many as 21 activists of the more than 200 in attendance were arrested during the Friday night march.

Clashes between Israel and the EU have precedents. European Council President Donald Tusk, denounced the recent Gaza bloodshed where hundreds of Palestinian protesters were killed and injured in a letter sent to the European Council.

The US decision to move its embassy in Israel to the disputed city of Jerusalem raised many eyebrows in the EU, which warning against it well ahead of the opening. The bloc claimed this move could jeopardize the peace process in the region.

The EU has also confirmed its “clear, consolidated” position on Israel-Palestine, urging a two-state solution based on the 1967 borders, insisting that Jerusalem has to be the “capital of both [states].”
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:05| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

Skripal Case 12

FARSNEWS2018/5/18
Sergei Skripal Released from Hospital
TEHRAN (FNA)- Former Russian spy Sergei Skripal, poisoned in the United Kingdom, was discharged from a hospital in Salisbury, the National Health Service (NHS) England said Friday.

"Sergei Skripal has been discharged from Salisbury District Hospital. Mr. Skripal and his daughter, Yulia Skripal, were admitted to the hospital along with DS Nick Bailey after having been exposed to a nerve agent on 4 March 2018. All three have now been discharged," the statement read, Sputnik reported.

Yulia Skripal, for her part, was released from the hospital on April 11 after recovering and regaining the ability to speak in late March.

"It is fantastic news that Sergei Skripal is well enough to leave Salisbury District Hospital," hospital's Chief Executive Cara Charles-Barks said.

According to the Chief Executive statement, despite the fact that all the patients have been discharged, the NHS respects their confidentiality and could not disclose the details of their treatment.

The NHS noted, citing Cara Charles-Barks, that all the staff had shown high skills and professionalism while treating the Skripals.

Sergei and Yulia Skripal have reportedly been taken to an undisclosed location for their safety.

RT2018/5/17
UK detectives 'question Sergei Skripal' over trips to London and MI6 meetings
Ex-Russian spy Sergei Skripal is still being questioned in hospital by detectives about meetings with his alleged former MI6 handler and his trips to London, ten weeks after being poisoned by a nerve agent, reports Sky News.

It is thought that they want to ascertain details of Skripal’s life in Britain, reportedly attempting to pinpoint his monthly meetings in a Salisbury restaurant with his supposed former MI6 handler and his regular trips to London.

According to reports Skripal had been in contact with Estonian and Czech Republic intelligence agencies, briefing them on various methods used by Russian spies. The double-agent reportedly gave a lecture as recently as 2016 in the Czech Republic. The meetings have been posited by some publications in the British and US press as a motive for the Kremlin to poison Skripal.

Speaking to Sky News, espionage historian Alexander Vassiliev suggested another culprit, the Russian mafia. Vassiliev told Sky News that criminals are most likely behind the nerve agent attack on Sergei and his daughter Yulia Skripal. Their motivation? Embarrassment for Vladimir Putin and his government as "the Russian government had no reason to kill Skripal", Vassiliev claims.

Vassiliev says there wasn’t a reason to kill him [by the Russian government]. I'm sure when Putin released him, and pardoned him, he knew Skripal would be co-operating with British secret services and other European espionage agencies.

"All defectors are doing it, they work as consultants, they give lectures, they write books - it's a normal thing. He had to earn his living somehow - he wouldn't have been a taxi driver.

"Skripal was arrested in 2004 - that was a long time ago and he didn't know specific details about current objectives or operatives. The Russian government had no reason to kill Skripal - he was nobody and he wasn't a danger.

"It was obvious that killing him would create a huge international scandal that would damage Russian reputation all over the world."

The British government insists that the Kremlin was behind the attack on the Skripals, who were reportedly poisoned by a nerve agent administered on the door handle of Sergei’s home in Salisbury. Yulia was discharged from hospital five weeks ago, but has not given any interviews since being released. Russia denies any involvement.

FARSNEWS2018/5/21
Spokeswoman: Russia Proves UK Tends to Carry Out Secret Operations Abroad
TEHRAN (FNA)- Russian Foreign Ministry’s Spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said the Russian Foreign Ministry has provided sufficient information to prove that it is the United Kingdom, not Russia, which tends to conduct secret operations abroad.

"From the very beginning, we said that all three of the arguments put forward by the United Kingdom [on the Salisbury case] … are groundless. The first one is that Russia has always done that, historically, and that it is in our culture to murder people abroad, carry out such operations. It seems that we have given enough historical material on this subject, moreover, the material proves that the UK intelligence services have always been the most involved in such operations, and, moreover, they have always been perfect in attempts − often successful ones − to portray their crimes as someone’s else,” Zakharova told the Rossiya 1 broadcaster on Sunday.

Russian-UK relations significantly deteriorated in March due to an attempted poisoning of former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia in the UK city of Salisbury. London accused Moscow of being behind the crime, which, according to the UK, was committed with the use of the A234 chemical agent.

Another UK argument, according to the Spokeswoman, was that the Novichok chemical, which from London’s point of view is the same agent as A234, was produced and tested only in Russia.

“We … provided information that at least 20 countries of the North Atlantic region were nowadays developing ["Novichok"-class agents] including Sweden and the Czech Republic. Three-four weeks later our information was confirmed − what a scandal erupted in Prague [when it turned out that] the official agencies of the Czech Republic possessed this substance,” Zakharova added.

She pointed out that the scandal around development of the 'Novichok'-class chemical in the Czech Republic proved that the United Kingdom and the United States − which immediately supported London − were providing false information on the issue.

“The third argument, on which the UK position is based, that these substances were delivered from Russia, was in fact refuted by UK labs,” Zakharova said, adding the Russian Foreign Ministry’s goal was to respond to all the false accusations with a point of view based on facts.

RT2018/5/23
Skripals may be kept in UK against their will – Russian Foreign Ministry
Moscow isn’t ruling out the possibility that the British authorities are keeping Sergei Skripal and his daughter against their will, the Russian Foreign Ministry said.

Sergei Skripal, 66, was discharged from a British hospital last week after being poisoned in Salisbury on March 4. The recovery of his daughter Yulia, 33, was much quicker. She has been out of the hospital since April.

Doctors gave no details on Skripal’s condition or his current location. Yulia has not been seen in public since being discharged from the hospital, and the only statement from her was issued by British police.

Earlier in May, Russia said the UK denied consular access to Skripals, both Russian citizens, adding that it is not satisfied with London’s handling of the case. It also said it had little trust that Sergey and Yulia “are allegedly reluctant to communicate with us [Russian authorities] and that they reject medical examination with the participation of Russian specialists.”

Russian Ambassador to the UK Alexander Yakovenko says that the Skripals are free to turn down the embassy's aid, but they should do so in person.

"For today, nobody saw their pictures, nobody heard their voice, nobody saw whether they're alive or not… we should be sure that the person is alive, he is alright or she is alright, and [if they] say, for example, 'I don't need your services,' it's fine with us," he told reporters on Friday.

He also alleged earlier that the UK may be hushing up or even destroying some evidence in the case. London has blamed Moscow from almost the beginning. Saying that both Skripals were poisoned with a military grade nerve agent of the ‘Novichok’ family, it claimed that the toxin came from Russia. London has failed to provide any substantial evidence on the “Russian trace,” with Moscow repeatedly denying the accusations.

The dramatic case took a new twist in early May after Czech President Milos Zeman admitted that his country had previously produced a nerve agent similar to the one Britain claims was deployed against the Skripals. Following Zeman’s remarks Russia said it expected a response from NATO providing a full list of bloc members engaged in similar research.

READ MORE: If Novichok was used, Skripal would have died on the spot – Putin as ex-double agent leaves hospital

That same month an explosive report in the German media claimed that a sample of Novichok was obtained by German intelligence back in the 1990s and that Western countries, including the US and the UK, have long been aware of the chemical make-up of the nerve agent.

The report sounded plausible, ex-German intelligence officer, Rainer Rupp told RT. “And – as the ingredients for this horrific stuff can be bought readily almost anywhere, if you have the formula – all you need is a highly secure laboratory, so basically it could be done anywhere,” he said.

According to chemical weapons analyst and Rice University Professor James Tour, it is not a secret that a number of states have been developing and testing the nerve agents. “Many countries have made it in the past as part of a study of making the nerve agents,” he told RT.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:38| Comment(0) | 国際・政治