ずくなしの冷や水

2018年04月07日

Skripal case 8

RT2018/4/3
Unidentified: Porton Down scientists CANNOT confirm Novichok used on Skripals was made in Russia
UK scientists have been unable to prove Russia made the nerve agent A-234 (also known as "Novichok") which was used to poison Sergei and Yulia Skripal in Salisbury.

Scientists at the top secret army base Porton Down are unable to link the samples to Russia, after weeks of Moscow insisting it had nothing to do with the attack. Theresa May’s Government has repeatedly blamed the Kremlin and imposed sanctions on Russia, including the expulsion of 23 diplomats.

Gary Aitkenhead, chief executive of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL) at Porton Down, told Sky News: "We were able to identify it as novichok, to identify that it was military-grade nerve agent.

"We have not identified the precise source, but we have provided the scientific info to government who have then used a number of other sources to piece together the conclusions you have come to."

The Skripals, ex-double agent Sergei and his 33-year-old daughter were found slumped on a park bench in Wiltshire on March 4.

Downing Street immediately pointed the finger at Russia and listed a raft of heavy sanctions, the toughest in three decades. European nations were persuaded by Britain to expel diplomats and were asked by allies in the UK to back them against Moscow.

Now, scientists say they are unsure of the links. Aitkenhead added: "It is our job to provide the scientific evidence of what this particular nerve agent is, we identified that it is from this particular family [Novichok] and that it is a military grade, but it is not our job to say where it was manufactured."

Aitkenhead said there is no known antidote to Novichok, and that none was administered to either of the Skripals. He suggested the substance required "extremely sophisticated methods to create, something only in the capabilities of a state actor".

The OPCW (Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons) said its executive council would meet in the morning in The Hague, on Russia's request.

Russia's Ambassador in London, Alexander Yakovenko has repeatedly stated Russia has been kept out of the loop.

Russia has asked for samples so it can do tests and has insisted it be allowed to investigate, after being blamed. However, the embassy is left to get information through the press in the UK, according to Yakovenko.

RT2018/4/4
‘London will have to apologize yet’ – Putin spokesman on UK lab's revelation in Skripal case
London will eventually have to apologize for its baseless accusations against Moscow in the Skripal poisoning case, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said, after a UK military lab admitted it could not link the attack to Moscow.

"For us, the situation was appalling from the very beginning, and now, confirmation is gradually starting to come in that the insane accusations, made by the British side a few hours after the assassination attempt [on double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter], are baseless and groundless," Peskov told journalists Tuesday. He was speaking shortly after the Sky News interview in which the head of the Porton Down chemical lab admitted his scientists had found no confirmation the A-234 ("Novichok") chemical agent used in the poisoning came from Russia.

Peskov said he believes the allegations against Moscow will never be confirmed: "The British foreign minister [Boris Johnson], who accused President Putin, and the British Prime Minister [Theresa May], will have to somehow look in their European Union colleagues' eye, after what they had told them," Peskov said.

"Somehow, they will have to make apologies to the Russian side," he said. “But of course, it’s still a long way off, and this idiocy has gone too far.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin, meanwhile, said he was looking forward to the upcoming emergency session of the Organization for Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), hoping it will put the Skripal case to rest.

"We have prepared at least 20 questions for discussion. We hope that this discussion will put an end to this issue," Putin told journalists in Ankara, where he was holding a joint press conference with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Former double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia were poisoned in early March. British government authorities are claiming that a Russian-made military-grade nerve agent was involved, and that Moscow was behind the poisoning, while the Kremlin insists the entire case has been fabricated against it.

Russia has launched its own criminal investigation into the poisoning, since the victims hold Russian citizenship, and has been extending offers of assistance in the OPCW investigation. The UK has ignored the Russian offers, instead demanding that Moscow admits guilt. London has expelled 23 Russian diplomats, whom it claims were covert spies, and also convinced a number of allied countries to expel dozens more. Moscow responded with tit-for-tat expulsions.

RT2018/4/5
No 100% assurance toxin’s origin can be determined – ex-UN chemical weapons expert on Skripal case
While there could be no way to accurately determine the origin of the toxin used against Sergei Skripal, the OPCW's reluctance to address Russia's concerns about the probe undermines its credibility, a former UN inspector told RT.

The international chemical weapons watchdog will undermine its own credibility if it refuses to address Russia's concerns about the probe into the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Anton Utkin, a former UN chemical weapons inspector in Iraq, told RT.

Moscow's bid for a joint Russia-UK investigation into the Skripal case has been voted down at the extraordinary session of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) on Wednesday, leaving Russia's concerns and questions about the Salisbury poisoning unanswered.

While Russia accused London of attempting to take advantage of the OPCW to support its own unsubstantiated claims, Dr. Anton Utkin, a former UN inspector in Iraq told RT that Wednesday's decision could undermine the only international mechanism designed to shield humanity from chemical weapons.

"If Russia asks the Executive Council to provide some sort of information, there is no way the OPCW can reject that request. So it is written strictly in the convention. If the OPCW starts to break the rules written in the convention, it will break the whole mechanism of protection of chemical weapons," Utkin told RT.

"It is very risky for the organization to break this rule, especially from the technical secretariat, which is supposed to stay out of any politics," he explained. "And a lot of countries do not like that the United Kingdom brought this political issue, pure political issue, to the walls of the organization."

Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia were discovered on a bench in Salisbury in early March showing signs of intoxication. Without a proper investigation being carried out, London rushed to accuse Russia of the attack, claiming that a Soviet-designed A-234 nerve agent of the Novichok family was used.

Moscow has denied the accusations and demanded that the British side rely on hard facts instead of empty rhetoric . However, London refused Russia any cooperation on the case, denying its consular staff access to Russian citizen Yulia Skripal and turning down the request for a sample of the toxic substance in question.

This week British government scientists from the Porton Dawn lab admitted they couldn't tell where the toxin came from, undermining a number of claims by the Foreign Office and UK's chief diplomat, Boris Johnson, who directly pointed the finger at Russia.

After Russia's proposal for a joint investigation was rejected, it has called for an emergency session of the UN Security Council on the Skripal poisoning case for Thursday, just days before the OPCW is expected to finalize its probe on the matter. The verdict is expected to be received by early next week, OPCW's chief Ahmet Uzumcu promised on Wednesday, but the content of the findings will only be released to Britain.

"The Secretariat will produce a report on the basis of these results and will transmit a copy of this report to the United Kingdom. The report will reflect the findings of the designated laboratories. Access of other States Parties to the report will be subject to the agreement of the United Kingdom," Uzumcu noted.

Dr. Utkin, however, is certain, that the OPCW probe, just like Porton Down's investigation, will not determine the origins of the chemical used on the Skripals. "They will say, in those samples, from those sites, we found those chemicals. Nothing else," he told RT.

"There is no 100 percent assurance that you can determine the origins of a chemical. Everything we know about a chemical comes from its composition. The chemical is never 100 percent pure, it takes some impurities...they come from production," the scientist explained. "But if you have two laboratories in different countries of the world that produce the same chemical with the same technology, with the same reagents, you have no chance of telling which sample came from which laboratory."

RT2018/4/5
Yulia Skripal describes ‘disorientating’ episode in UK
police statement
Salisbury poisoning victim Yulia Skripal has released a statement through police in London. Yulia has insisted she is on the road to recovery. She and her father Sergei were attacked with a nerve agent on March 4.

Yulia issued a statement on Thursday saying the "entire episode is somewhat disorientating".

"I woke up over a week ago now and am glad to say my strength is growing daily," the 33-year-old said in the statement issued on her behalf by London police.

“I am grateful for the interest in me and for the many messages of goodwill that I have received.

"I am sure you appreciate that the entire episode is somewhat disorientating, and I hope that you’ll respect my privacy and that of my family during the period of my convalescence."



Last week Yulia was reported to be in a stable condition after falling into a coma following the chemical attack. Moscow-based relative Viktoria Skripal told the Guardian that she had spoken to Yulia and that a statement would soon be released by Russian news agencies - “even in English.”

“She said everything is fine and she is doing OK,” Viktoria told the Guardian over the telephone. “That’s all I’m going to say.”

Viktoria also recorded the phone conversation with Yulia which was later played on a talk show on TV network Russia-1. Yulia can be heard telling her relative that she is calling from a phone that is “just temporary”. The 33-year-old also said that neither she nor her father had health problem that could not be fixed.

In the recording, Viktoria can be heard telling her cousin “If I get my visa tomorrow, on Monday I will fly to you”, to which Yulia responded, “nobody will give you a visa.”

At one point in the conversation, Yulia cut off Viktoria from going into depth about what happened, insisting “later, let's talk later. In short, everything is OK.”

When asked about her father Sergei Skripal, who is still understood to be in a critical condition, Yulia can be heard replying that “Everything’s OK. He’s resting now, he’s sleeping. Everyone’s health is OK. No one has had any irreversible [harm].

“I’m being discharged soon,” she added.

Yulia and her father Sergei Skripal were found slumped on a bench in Salisbury on March 4, after they were attacked with an A-234 nerve agent, similar to Novichok. Since the attack on the ex-Russian double agent and his daughter, the British government has placed the blame at Russia’s feet; a claim which Moscow has repeatedly denied.

On Wednesday, Porton Down chief executive Gary Aitkenhead revealed that the laboratory was unable to confirm the origin of the chemical agent used in the attack.

FARSNEWS2018/4/4
Public Demands Resignation of Boris Johnson Over Nerve Agent Gaffe
TEHRAN (FNA)- The revelations of top British military scientists threw the social media into an uproar as it became apparent that new statements cast doubt on earlier claims made by UK Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson regarding the alleged nerve gas attack in Salisbury.

Gary Aitkenhead, chief executive of the Defense Science and Technology Laboratory at Porton Down in England, told Sky News that while the scientists managed to identify the chemical used in the former GRU Colonel Sergei Skripal poisoning case as a "military-grade nerve agent", they were unable to determine its "precise source", Sputnik reported.

About two weeks earlier, however, Johnson insisted during an interview with Deutsche Welle that Porton Down scientists were "absolutely categorical: when they allegedly assured him that "there’s no doubt" that the chemical came from Russia.

Many social media users were nonplussed by this development, voicing their concerns via Twitter and calling on Johnson to be held accountable.

Some also complained about the BBC apparently being reluctant to report on this issue. And others simply cracked jokes and quipped about Johnson’s predicament.

RT2018/4/5
'Theater of absurd': Russian envoy shows UK version of Skripal case 'falls apart'
Russia’s UN envoy described the UK’s attempt, without evidence, to pin the poisoning of double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter on Moscow as "theater of absurd", in his address updating the UNSC on the scandal.

The extraordinary meeting was requested by Moscow, following the announcement made by the secretive British Porton Down chemical laboratory, that it had not established that the nerve agent used to poison the Skripals was of Russian origin.

The top British officials explicitly cited the Porton Down laboratory when pinning the blame on Moscow, so following this revelation their theory started to fall apart, said Vasily Nebenzia, noting that the UK’s secret agencies rushed to help the government, producing new claims based on some “intelligence data.”

“I don’t even know how to comment on this. It’s some sort of the theater of absurd. You couldn't have come up with better fake story?” Nebenzia asked.

The diplomat asked a series of questions pointing to inconsistencies of the UK’s narrative.

“Why did we have to wait eight years and [then] decided to [attack the Skripals] two weeks before the elections and several weeks before the world cup? Why did we release him from the country in the first place? Why do that in extremely public and dangerous fashion,” Nebenzia wondered.

The fact that the victims of the nerve agent, which is believed to be among the deadliest, managed to survive the attack has also raised serious questions, Nebenzia said. It could be explained only if an antidote had been administered to them immediately after the exposure. British officials, however, insisted that no antidote was used, since none existed in the first place. The Skripals managed to walk around for four hours after the exposure, according to the version by the British authorities, yet the police officer who found them lost consciousness immediately.

There are also different versions of how the poison was delivered, leaked and speculated in the British media.

“There are so many versions in wake of the lack of facts and evidence. House of Skripal, the door knob, flowers, buckwheat, or, in fact, the bay leaf?” Nebenzia said.

As the cornerstone allegation that the nerve agent originated from Russia turned out to be without merit, the whole narrative fell apart, Nebenzia said. Arguments that the Novichok nerve agent family originates from Russia, and therefore it was Moscow to blame do not hold water either, the diplomat added.

“We want to state urbi et orbi, Novichok is not copyrighted by Russia,” he stressed.

While the British authorities try to make fun of different theories expressed by Russia-based experts and media, Nebenzia said, Moscow does not have any version of the events due to glaring lack of facts available.

The Russian diplomat stated that the level of intellectual justification used by the UK authorities, namely by the Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, “does not invoke even a smile.”

“Boris Johnson, who constantly proclaims his Russophile [nature], produces an absurd, to use the nicest word I can, absurd and immoral premise that the incident was necessary for Moscow to bring the people together before the [presidential] elections,” Nebenzia stated.

“His comparison of Russia’s Football World Cup with the Berlin Olympics of 1936 was equally immoral,” he continued, adding that unlike the Soviet Union, a large British delegation took part in those Games.

UK envoy Karen Pierce stood by her government’s firm belief that there is “no plausible alternative explanation” and that that Russia was “highly likely” behind the Salisbury incident. She called it part of a “wider pattern of irresponsible Russian behavior” and accused Moscow of constant “aggression” over the recent years.

“Russia seeks to undermine the international institutions which have kept us safe since the end of the Second World War,” Pierce said.

The two envoys also resorted to literary references in sparring with each other, with Nebenzia illustrating the British position by quoting the Red Queen from Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland, who demanded "sentence first, verdict afterwards.”

Pierce retorted that another quote from the same book, about “believing six impossible things before breakfast,” suited her Russian colleague better, though it matched her own government's case built on assertions and rhetoric.

FARSNEWS2018/4/7
Report: Ex-Spy Sergei Skripal Regains Consciousness, Ability to Talk
TEHRAN (FNA)- After a Salisbury Hospital official confirmed Friday that Russian ex-spy Sergei Skripal, who was poisoned in an alleged chemical attack in Southern England last month, was recovering, now, report said the former GRU Colonel is conscious and can speak.

The Sky News television channel presenter said that soon the police would be able to talk with a person at the center of the poisoning incident in Salisbury, adding that Skripal is no longer in critical condition, and is responding well to treatment, and that he is conscious and speaks.

Earlier, his daughter Yulia Skripal had regained consciousness and the ability to talk.

UK's police stated on April 5 on behalf of Yulia who said she "woke up over a week ago now" and is glad her strength is "growing daily."

The next day, Medical director at Salisbury District Hospital, stated that the former agent was responding well to treatment and was improving quickly.

The Russian Embassy in the United Kingdom welcomed news about the improvement in the health condition of Skripals.

RT2018/4/7
The Skripals are alive but the guinea pigs are dead – the strange case of the Salisbury poisoning
One afternoon in Salisbury has rocked relations between the UK and Russia. Ex-double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia were exposed to a nerve agent and London blamed Moscow.

What happened on March 4 has been at the center of a global press scrum, as literally everyone – including the Kremlin – tries to find out what happened.

But, the mystery just keeps getting more mysterious. The list of unanswered questions is growing longer by the day.

Let's start, perhaps, with how three people survived contamination by a "military-grade" nerve agent considered to be among the deadliest in the world? Here are some of the biggest mysteries.

Dead wrong

Initially we were all convinced the Skripals were going to die. After all, they were exposed to a "military-grade" nerve agent. Every paper in Britain said so. And Theresa May announced the substance’s name within days.

Images of Alexander Litvinenko were rolled out across mainstream media and headlines literally screamed POISON and DEADLY.

Others went to the lengths of actually killing the Skripals, like the Times, which carried the headline: "May set to hit back at Russia over spy death."

It was changed of course, when it emerged the pair were still alive. It only makes sense though – if Novichok was used, they'd be dead, right?

We were all frantically googling Novichok, talking to experts who said exposure to a 1mm drop is deadly.

"Nerve agents kill people with gruesome efficiency," the Business Insider said, while the FT reported: "Novichok is among the world's deadliest chemical weapons.”

The thing is, the Skripals said in a statement they're "fine" and a police officer was out of hospital within weeks.

So was it really the deadly nerve agent we're all now fearing? Or was such a small amount used that it wasn't effective? Considering the press says it was all over the door, the pub and a car – that seems unlikely. What a Novi-cock-up.

The paper wasn't the only one to make the error, with the Frontline Club also tweeting about its upcoming event: "Who killed Sergei Skripal?" to its 32,000 followers.

The tweet has since been deleted and the name amended to "Who attacked Sergei Skripal?"
A pint, a pizza & two guinea pigs

The Skripal story has changed so rapidly it's hard to keep up. The only constant being "Russia did it."

First, the poison was rumored to have been administered in the Zizzi restaurant – or was it the pub? Then the press claimed it was smeared on a door handle, at Sergei's wife's graveside, in a restaurant, and in a car (as well as on a copper) – we're all a bit baffled.

One of the deadliest nerve agents known to man was smothered all around Salisbury – and nobody died.

Not only did nobody die, the Skripals managed to get from home to town, out for food, a quick drink and a stroll in the park before they were found comatose.

A nerve agent considered to be one of the "most deadly" apparently took hours and hours to work. Not only that, the Skripals pet guinea pigs did die – along with their cat. From dehydration.
The cat was "distressed" and put down, the rodents – well the coppers forgot to give them water. A nerve agent which can be inhaled was smothered on their house and they died from lack of water.

Politicians press-cued

Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson didn't hesitate to tell the media it was Russia. Porton Down – the top secret lab where the chemical was tested – told him there was "no doubt" Moscow did it, he said.

But then the chief executive of the lab said the chemical can't be sourced back to Russia. The Foreign Office deleted tweets, the government went a bit quiet and the finger-jabbing was all but paused.

Until the following day. Overnight the mainstream media had managed to speak with numerous unnamed "sources" who just knew it was Russia.

The Daily Mail spoke to one "source" who could reveal Russia had been practicing smearing Novichok on door handles. They couldn't say how they knew, or when it happened or provide any evidence – but the story went ahead.

The Times' source knew the exact lab where the Novichok was made – as does the government they said – but of course, they couldn't reveal the source.

Funny how when the government can't defend itself Whitehall springs a leak. Or 10.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 23:15| Comment(1) | 国際・政治

もう一度生活の場の空間線量率を確認しておきましょう

空間線量率リアルタイム測定システムの設置を進めていますが、意外な高線量率に驚く例が出ています。

原発再稼働が続く中で、生活の場の空間線量率を再確認しておきましょう。特に規制庁の空中測定マップで下から第二番目の階層に属するとされた地域、第一階層と第二階層の境目辺りでは、予想以上に高い空間線量率が続いているところがあります。堆積物のない道路上で0.14〜0.39μSv/hなどという測定例も出ています。

https://ramap.jmc.or.jp/map/#lat=38.03126513229493&lon=142.46174624996812&z=7&b=std&t=air&s=9,0,0,0&c=20120531_dr

測定値累積機能のある測定器で24時間とか長時間連続測定することにより、ほぼ誤差のない平均値が得られます。

次なる原発事故があった際には、この測定値と比較することにより事故による空間線量率の上昇度合い、放射性物質の追加的な降下沈着の有無がわかります。

短時間で目盛を読む方式では、高い数値を無視して低い数値で平均をとらえたりする傾向が特に主婦の間に顕著です。

辛いことでも、希望的測定値に引きずられないようにしないと、実態把握にはなりません。

なお、東京都の東部千葉県と接する辺りは、規制庁の空中測定マップでは行政区域を境にして測定データの表示が不連続となっているものがありましたが、上のリンクにある平成24年5月31日時点のマップでは改善が図られています。

人口動態統計では、このマップで表示されているような汚染の強い地域で指数の悪化が激しくなっています。

※ おゆうさん @ikarostayuu氏の2018/4/7のツイート
おゆうさんさんが美澄博雅をリツイートしました
この牧場のすぐ先には南相馬の小高地区があるけど、ガンマ線だけの公表しかしていないから知らぬが仏だわさ。2012年は群馬県の17号線沿線の温泉地は、公表は0.04だと言ってたが、0.4μあったし。

上の例のように10倍というのは稀ですが、公称0.08μSv/hが0.2μSv/hだったりすることは今もあります。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:21| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

オスプレイ 東京圏市街地上空飛び放題

今週後半に横田にオスプレイ5台がやってくるの続き



NHK 2018年4月5日 13時05分
陸自オスプレイ暫定配備検討 千葉県知事「情報収集進める」
防衛省が新型輸送機オスプレイを暫定的に千葉県の木更津駐屯地に配備する方向で検討していることについて、千葉県の森田知事は「配備が決まったという事実はないと聞いている」と述べたうえで、情報収集を進めていく考えを示しました。
陸上自衛隊が導入するオスプレイについて、防衛省は佐賀空港に配備する計画ですが、ことし2月に佐賀県内で起きた自衛隊のヘリコプターの墜落事故の影響で準備が間に合わないとして、今年度導入する5機を暫定的に千葉県の木更津駐屯地に配備する方向で検討を進めています。
これについて千葉県の森田知事は記者会見で「防衛省側から暫定配備が決まったという事実はないと聞いている。国で安全保障をしっかりやってほしいが、決定したものではないので、コメントは差し控えたい」と述べました。
そのうえで「いろいろな情報があるので、木更津市とも協力しながら情報を集めて研究したい」と述べ、情報収集を進めていく考えを示しました。



※ 木野龍逸 (Ryuichi KINO) @kinoryuichi氏の2018/4/7のツイート
逃げか容認に見えます。国の専管事項でも、都民の生命財産を守る立場なので意見を言うことはできますよね。それすらしないのは責任放棄でないですか。
→都知事、横田配備は国の専管事項 オスプレイ賛否明言せず - 琉球新報
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:07| Comment(2) | 福島原発事故

日本産鋳鉄製ティーポットからコバルト、リチウム

※ t-mari @kappel0208氏の2018/4/3のツイート
食品および飼料に関する早期警告システム(2/25〜3/9)
*注意喚起
日本産鋳鉄製ティーポット
アルミニウム高含有(9.69 mg/l)・コバルト(0.6 mg/l)・リチウム(4.59 mg/l)溶出

日本製品が震災後、警告システムに出たのは、おそらく初めて。

・・・引用終わり・・・

詳しい情報を知りたいと調べましたが、よく分かりません。

食品安全情報(化学物質)No. 2/ 2018(2018. 01. 17)
国立医薬品食品衛生研究所 安全情報部
http://www.nihs.go.jp/hse/food-info/foodinfonews/index.html

食品安全情報blog RSSフィード

鋳鉄製品ですから鉄を溶かして鋳型で整形しています。材料の鉄にくず鉄が使われ、それにアルミやコバルト、リチウム(電池由来?)が混入しているということですから、他の有害金属、放射性物質も入っていることがおおいに考えられます。

鋳鉄製品の足を使った公園のベンチに、放射能を発するものがあることが伝えられています。


SYさんから解説をいただきました。引用開始。

注意:あくまで推論としてお読みください。

日本産鋳鉄製ティーポット=鉄瓶のことでしょう。もともとの文書はRASFF(EU)のものですので、EUへの輸出品に関するものです。日本国内の鉄瓶とは仕様が違って、内部は琺瑯引きだそうです。

琺瑯用上薬の品質に問題があったのか、ティーポットとして想定外の使用方法(酢酸など強酸で煮る。まあ検査自体はそんなものですが)だったのかはわかりません。

溶出量が大きい(煮詰めて結晶が目に見えるレベル)です。全てリチウム電池由来だと考えられるような成分ではあります。放射能汚染ではそこまで大量に出ないでしょう。もし放射性物質ならばガイガー振り切れでトップニュースになります。

リサイクル品の鉄を鍋釜に使うことは無いと思いますが、原材料管理が甘い国の製品ならありうるでしょうか。

余談ですが、放射能測定用の鉄製遮蔽材でバックグラウンドが静かなものは戦前の製品だそうです。昔の戦艦の部材がよいとか、何かの記事で読んだ覚えがあります。核実験後に製鉄されたものに放射能汚染の痕跡が無いものはないと言われています。それに、近代化された製鉄法では工程管理のためにわざわざ放射性コバルトを添加しているのではなかったかと記憶しています。(そもそもの原因か)

環境に影響が出ない程度だとは思いますが、リサイクルではない鉄の放射線の管理はしっかりしている?はずですし、リサイクル品に関しても建築用の鉄筋で問題になったことがありますので測定はしているはずです。

ただし、どの程度のものかは調べていないので何とも言えませんが、食品よりはメチャ甘でしょう。派生品である使い捨てカイロの原料の鉄粉は、食品レベルの検査をすれば当然引っかかると思います。カセットやビデオテープも同じ原料由来なので引っかかるでしょうね。

・・・・・

はぁー、そうなんですね。ありがとうございます。高炉メーカーは、輸出分が多く相手国から証明書の添付を求められるので汚染回避にはそれなりの注意を払っているようです。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 02:04| Comment(3) | 福島原発事故

食物の内部被曝に気を付け、外気取入れを抑制すれば何とかいけるところもあるのではないか?

2018/4/6、読者と交わした私の意見を掲載する。

Q:爆発の年にプルームが通過した場所は、高濃度で知られる松戸とかはともかく、比較的中濃度の所沢や茨城南部なども、いくら食物の内部被曝に気を付けても危ないですか?
外出や、窓開けや、地面に触れるスポーツとか控えても。
まして、伊豆東斜面となると、那須や所沢や町田あたりよりは良い気がしますが、そうでもないのでしょうか?

A:この問題は書くと長くなりますが、吸気被曝の原因は多様化、多元化しています。大別すれば、次の三つになるでしょう。
@ 核関連施設の操業による放出(原発、核燃料工場、研究施設)
A 過去に降下した放射性物質の自然現象による再浮遊(乾燥、風による飛散、ウラン系列の崩壊の進行によるガス化)
B 過去に降下した放射性物質の人為的な再放出・再浮遊
(ごみ・放射性廃棄物の焼却、放射性廃棄物のリサイクルなどのための加熱・粉砕)

ご指摘の濃厚汚染が生じた地域では、Aの影響が大きくなります。自分の住む半径500m、1kmの範囲だけからの影響にとどまらないと考えますが、広い地域で相互に行ったり来たりがあることを考えれば、おおむね福島第一原発事故後の放射性物質の降下沈着度合いに比例すると見てよいでしょう。

Bの影響は、焼却施設、リサイクル施設からの距離によります。廃棄物は遠隔地からトラックなどで持ち込まれますからその立地地点の汚染度合いには関係ありません。管理人の観察では10km、15kmは容易に飛びます。(管理人の自宅に関して言えば一時よりも大きく減りましたが)

次に防御。
A ガスマスクを24時間着用
B 完全空調管理のシェルターで生活、外出は最小限。
C ある程度気密性のある家で外出や、窓開けや、地面に触れるスポーツとか控えて生活する。

A、B、Cの順で防御の度合いは高いと言えるでしょう。これらの対策はその場所の汚染度合いに関係なく防御機能を発揮しますから、シェルター生活をするなら松戸でも伊豆でも同じです。
その環境の大気中の放射性物質濃度が同じなら、この防御機能が弱くなるに従い吸気被曝が多くなりますが、例えば松戸でCの生活をするのと、伊豆で次のDの生活をするのとどっちが吸気被曝が多くなるか、判断するのはとても可能とは思えません。
D あまり気密性の高くない家で外出や、窓開けを控えて生活する。

伊豆東斜面が那須や所沢や町田辺りよりは吸気被曝が少なく抑えられるかは、大変難しい問題設定です。
例えば、浜岡の再稼働をどう見込むかで大きく変わります。さらに、町田と伊豆東斜面と比較してどちらの汚染が大きいかも管理人は答えを持ちません。規制庁のマップによれば町田のセシウム汚染はそれほど強くないことになっています。

防御策のAからDの設定はテクニカルなものですから分類評価が容易ですが、@からBについては具体的な地点名を出したとたんにその環境の不確実、未解明な要因が多すぎて評価が不能になるのです。

例えば、高汚染地帯であることがどう影響するかについて、青梅と茨城南部の水田地帯を例にとれば、青梅の方が山が近い分その山林からの影響が長続きしそうですが(Aです)、もし茨城南部で秋に稲わらを燃やすようなことがあれば(A+Bです)、湛水で放射性物質が飛ばなかった期間の吸気被曝の低減は帳消しになるでしょう。

汚染度は異なるが人口動態の悪い町田と千葉市の中心部を例にとれば、千葉市は茨城の太平洋岸からの風の通り道で今でも他よりも多めの降下物が続いています(Aがあるところに+@です)。一方町田は北からの風で運ばれる放射性物質は千葉市よりは少ないとみられますが、浜岡が再稼働すれば大気中の放射性物質濃度はぴーんと跳ね上がるでしょう(A+@→A+@です)から、どっちがどうとはとても言えないというが管理人の認識です。

これは関東に限らず西日本でも同じで、今はAは小さいかもしれませんが、原発再稼働で大きな@が加わるかもしれませんし、こっそり放射性廃棄物を燃やしていればBが加わることになります。

汚染された外気の取入れを抑制したあるいは空気清浄機能を強化した建物を新築してそこに住むのは、吸気被曝の抑制になることは確かです。場所の選択でそのような吸気被曝抑制効果を増すことはできるでしょうが、ではどこがいい?となると、ポジリストはないとお答えすることになると思います。

気流の流れは予想以上に速く遠距離まで放射性物質を運びます。アリューシャン列島の上空でウラン235がこれまでにない濃度で検出されたりしています。私が測定器を持って歩くとき、それが高性能であろうと、そうでなかろうと強い風が吹く中では線量率が上がるのが常です。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:21| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

シリアの真実 エバ・バートレット

The Truth About Syria w/ Eva Bartlett

※ paul Daniel Blake @paul8ar氏の2018/4/6のツイート
Retweeted Bryn Gerard (@BrynGerard):

A big shout out to @LeeCamp for a comprehensive and extended interview on @RedactedTonight with @EvaKBartlett, delivering an accurate report on the status of #Syria today. Well worth a watch!

Lee Camp speaks with Eva Bartlett, who explains everything about the so-called civil war in Syria that the US war machine doesn’t want you to know. Then, he shows us a redacted side to the viral Sinclair compilation you probably already saw.


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Eva Bartlett is a Canadian freelance journalist and rights activist with extensive experience in the Gaza Strip, where she lived from late 2008 to early 2013. She arrived by boat as a part of the Free Gaza missions and documented the 2008/9 and 2012 Israeli war crimes and attacks on Gaza while riding in ambulances and reporting from hospitals. An Arabic speaker, Eva accompanied Palestinian fishermen and farmers as they came under intensive fire from the Israeli army.

2018年03月26日
エバ・バートレット グータに関する西側の戦争宣伝は強まっている
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:46| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

Russia: US Must Halt Military Activity on Korean Peninsula

FARSNEWS2018/4/5
Russia: US Must Halt Military Activity on Korean Peninsula
TEHRAN (FNA)- Russia called on the United States to immediately halt all military activity on the Korean Peninsula, as Pyongyang and Seoul seem to be on course to resolving their differences diplomatically.

Russia’s RIA news agency cited the Russian Foreign Ministry as saying on Thursday that American war games on the Korean Peninsula would not help reduce tensions there.

The United States and South Korea resumed annual joint military drills this week after a month-long delay that had been meant to accommodate North Korean participation in the Winter Olympic Games in the South.

The Foal Eagle drills involve about 23,700 US troops and 300,000 South Korean forces, according to a Pentagon Spokesman.

North Korea has long regarded the joint exercises as rehearsals for an invasion, warning that the resumption of the drills could endanger a nascent rapprochement between Seoul and Pyongyang following the participation of North Korean athletes in the Winter Olympics.

The US has been in a constant tussle with North Korea over its weapons programs.

Washington said the programs pose a threat to the US and its allies, while North Korea said it needs to develop its military strength to guard against potential invasion by the US and its allies.

Tensions on the Korean Peninsula had been running high last year. Pyongyang advanced its weapon programs as the US took an increasingly war-like posture toward North Korea. But North Korean Leader Kim Jong-un expressed sudden interest in the resolution of disagreements with the South on New Year’s Day, and a series of overtures began.

A meeting has now been planned between Kim and South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in.

US President Donald Trump has also said he plans to meet Kim sometime in May. There has been no official confirmation from Pyongyang of that meeting, however.

The likelihood of peace has been strengthened amid the diplomatic interactions.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:16| Comment(0) | 国際・政治