ずくなしの冷や水

2018年03月07日

“目に見える”放射性物質の粒

TBSnews2018/3/7
“目に見える”放射性物質の粒「セシウムボール」福島の川で発見
 福島第一原発の事故からまもなく7年。福島県内の川で目に見える大きさの放射性物質の「粒」が確認されていたことが分かりました。「セシウムボール」と呼ばれるこの粒子、その正体とは・・・
 東京大学で行われていた「ある物質」を探す作業・・・
 「あります。あった」
 見つかったのは肉眼でもわずかに見える小さな粒でした。拡大して見てみると、ガラス質の物体の姿が現れました。実はこれ、福島第一原発の半径5キロ圏内にある土から見つかった「セシウムボール」です。溶岩のようなもの、丸いもの、細長いものなど形は様々です。
 原発事故では大量の放射性セシウムが放出されました。セシウムは水に溶けやすく、環境中で徐々に薄まっていくと考えられていました。しかし2013年、研究者も想定外の水に溶けにくいセシウムが粒子の形で見つかったのです。最初に丸い形をしていたことから「セシウムボール」と呼ばれています。
 「唯一、肉眼で見えるのではないか」(日本原子力機構〔JAEA〕 佐藤志彦 研究員)
 針の先のような極めて小さい粒。セシウムボールは「水に溶けにくい」ことから、「これまでのセシウムより環境中にとどまりやすいのではないか」と懸念されています。主に福島県内の土から発見されていました。
 さらに、取材を進めると、去年、東京大学の研究チームが福島県北部の川でもセシウムボールを確認したことが新たに分かりました。見つかったセシウムボールは100リットルの水の中に1粒見つかるかどうかと、ごくわずかです。
 「予想としては微粒子(セシウムボール)は、そのまま河口を流れて海まで到達している可能性が高い」(東京大学大学院理学系研究科 高橋嘉夫 教授)
 周辺環境への影響は少ないとみられていますが、水に溶けないまま、土から川に移動しているとみられています。
 「(セシウム)がどういうプロセスでどういう形態で流れるということを知らないと、本当の正しい予測にはつながらない。事故が起きたら、どういうことが起きるのか、なるべく調べて知らせることが我々の義務」(東京大学大学院理学系研究科 高橋嘉夫 教授)
 「溶けにくいセシウムボール」。人への影響を考える上で気になるデータがあります。それは事故の対応にあたった、ある東京電力社員のセシウムの被ばく線量です。「健康に深刻な影響をもたらすことは考えにくい」とされる値ですが、最初の700日までは一定の早さで減るものの、その後、減るスピードが遅くなっていることが分かります。ほかの複数の社員にも同じ傾向がみられ、セシウムボールによる「内部被ばく」があったのか調べています。研究者は「長期的な調査が必要だ」と話します。
 「ずっと(体内に)居続けるとどうなのか。どれくらい取り込まれたかは分かっていないので、引き続き調査していく必要がある」 (放射線医学総合研究所 計測・線量評価部 栗原 治 部長)
 過去の原発事故では見つからなかったセシウムボール。形成過程についての分析は始まったばかりで、東京電力も情報を集め、分析を進めています。

・・・引用終わり・・・

この放射性物質の粒がどれくらいのベクレル数、崩壊数を持つのか肝心のことが書かれていません。セシウムが気化する温度を越えたとき、それはばらばらの原子の状態であったはずですが、化合物となって粒が大きくなっただけではなく、こういう粒子状になって飛んだんですね。

大小さまざまなものができて、小さいものは遠くまで飛んだ。

そういう粒子を吸い込めば、肺にとどまり肺がんを引き起こすでしょうし、肺からは砂も血管に入ることがあると言いますから、血管に入った例もあるでしょう。放射線数が多いから当然その周囲は集中的に被曝し、組織がダメージを受けます。

管理人は、市原市内でポンコツのGM管式測定器ですが、1万cpmを検出したことがあります。

2014年04月24日 フィールドワークの記録 4

上のようなセシウムの粒子が落ちていれば、ある一点で1万cpmをカウントしても何も不思議はないということになります。ストロンチウムか何だろうとずーっと疑問に思っていましたが、解決しました。

管理人の現地調査では、我孫子市で地表面近くの測定を行っていた際に集会所の前で測定器SOEKSを付けたスティックをしばらく同じ場所に置いたままにしていたら警報音が鳴ったことがあります。

この時は、ベータ線源が落ちているのだろうと思いましたが、今考えるとセシウムの粒子だたのかもしれません。

上の二つの例ともにその地域の中でもひときわ線量率が高いところで遭遇しています。線量率が高いところは、基本的にセシウムの降下・沈着密度も高いですから粒子状のセシウムが降下している可能性も高くなります。

このような粒子状のセシウムを吸い込んだりすれば排出されずに体内にとどまり、深刻な疾病を発症することがあることになります。時間が経過すればするほどそのような形での体内取り込みのリスクは増える。

汚染地帯の人口動態が相対的に悪化が大きいということはそういうことも関係しているのかもしれません。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 20:02| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

海外ニュースから

ロシアの大学が電磁波を吸収する粉末を開発、レーダーに映らなくなる。
sputniknews 12:40 06.03.2018(updated 13:03 06.03.2018)
Radiation-Absorbing Powder for "Invisible" Equipment Created in Russia's Tomsk
Researchers at Tomsk Polytechnic University developed an efficient way to synthesize hollow Fe3O4 microspheres to create materials that absorb microwave radiation.
Brought to you by Tomsk Polytechnic University
These materials can be used to coat military equipment of radars and to protect high-tech devices from electromagnetic radiation. In addition, these microspheres can be used in hydrogen energetics and medicine: for delivering drugs and treating blood clotting disorders.
"Magnetite microspheres (Fe3O4) have unique magnetic properties, which makes them a promising material to absorb microwave radiation," says Ivan Shanenkov, an employee at the Institute of Power Engineering at Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU).

次はパリでの怖い話。スリランカ出身の男性が腕などや頭部に傷を受けた。頭皮を剥がれた? scalpedとあるが。
RT2018/3/7
Man ‘mutilated & scalped’ in Paris restaurant by assailants armed with machete and saber

ブラジルで6分間の間にルフトハンザに積んでいた現金500万ドルが盗まれたという話です。おもしろい。
RT2018/3/6
Gone in 6 minutes: $5mn in cash stolen from cargo plane in spectacular heist

ドイツはNATOのロシア国境への戦力ビルドアップに少し距離を置いているように見えます。米軍に追従して戦力を増強している極東の国とは違ってきています。
RT2018/2/26
‘Do you want war with Russia?’: Backlash at German newspaper over ‘NATO’s Eastern Front’ piece
An article mentioning “NATO’s Eastern Front” in a headline got Germany’s Die Welt newspaper in hot water, with furious readers accusing it of warmongering. The term Eastern Front is associated with the 1941 Nazi invasion of USSR.

Entitled ‘The Bundeswehr lacks winter clothing for NATO’s Eastern Front’, the article was first published by the German dpa news agency and then reprinted by other German media outlets, including Die Welt, which eventually bore the brunt of the headline wording. The piece tells of shortages of winter uniforms and basic equipment required by Germany’s military to lead the bloc’s rapid deployment force known as the Very High Readiness Joint Task Force (VJTF).

英国はイエメンを攻撃する武器をサウジに供給しています。
RT2018/2/27
UN Security Council passes Russia-sponsored resolution on Yemen after UK's Iran-bashing draft fails
The UN Security Council has unanimously adopted a Russia-tabled draft that will see a technical extension of sanctions against Yemen. It comes after Russia vetoed a rival resolution that blamed Iran for fueling the conflict there.

All 15 UNSC members voted in favor of the draft resolution on Yemen, put forward by Russia as a compromise after it vetoed a rival, “antagonizing” draft submitted by the UK, that also drew criticism from China. The UK had proposed to include a provision that would call out Iran for allegedly violating an arms embargo on Yemen, imposed at the onset of its civil war in 2015. However, that draft gained only 11 votes in support, with Russia and Bolivia voting against and China and Kazakhstan abstaining.

Having said that Russia “fully endorses the majority of the provisions” set forth in the UK-sponsored resolution, Russian UN envoy Vassily Nebenzia noted ahead of the vote that Moscow “cannot concur with uncorroborated conclusions and evidence which requires verification and discussions within the Sanctions Committee.”

Calling the situation in Yemen “far more complicated that we are frequently made to believe,” the Russian diplomat said that the UK draft is aimed at advancing a geopolitical agenda of certain countries and is based on the “selective and contentious conclusions” of the UN experts panel.

The UK draft would have caused “fracturing of security council and sow discord at a time when the Security Council is in dire need of closing its ranks,” he argued, adding that Russia’s concerns about the divisive nature of the UK draft were “shared by many delegates.”

RT2018/2/26
Turkey deploys special forces to Afrin, Syria in ‘preparation for new fight’
Ankara has sent police special forces units to the northern Syrian region of Afrin in anticipation of a new phase of its campaign against the Kurdish militias. It also says the UN-backed ceasefire does not affect its operation.

The special forces units crossed into Syrian territory from the southern Turkish provinces of Kilis and Hatay, local media reported. The new forces are expected to hold villages taken by Turkish troops from the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) as well as to take part in urban combat as Turkey’s Operation Olive Branch apparently moves from the countryside to the major settlements.
“Deploying special forces is part of the preparation for a new fight that is approaching,” Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdag told Turkish NTV. “The fight will shift to places where there are civilians, as the area (of fighting) narrows,” he said, adding that the special forces units have experience in fighting militants in residential areas.

Even though the Turkish operation has entered its sixth week, most of the larger towns in the Kurdish-held enclave, including the city of Afrin itself, remain in the hands of the YPG. Still, Turkish forces drove the Kurdish militias from all areas bordering Turkey, local media report. On February 20, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that the troops would lay siege to Afrin “in the coming days.”

Operation Olive Branch will continue despite a UN Security Council resolution envisaging a 30-day nationwide ceasefire in Syria. The resolution, which was unanimously adopted by the security council on Saturday, says that the ceasefire does not apply to Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS), Al-Nusra, or any other terrorist organization.

Ankara believes this exemption applies to the Kurdish militias as well. “When we look at the UN Security Council resolution, we see that fight against terror organizations is outside its scope. Therefore, it will not affect Turkey’s ongoing operation,” Bozdag said, as cited by Anadolu news agency.

RT2018/2/26
‘Long Peace’ or imminent war? Study examines when World War 3 might break out

Are we headed towards another world war or is a ‘long peace’ in our future? A new study has examined decades of conflicts to evaluate the likelihood of another global war.

It has been over 70 years since last major world war. Despite the multiple conflicts ongoing across the globe, there hasn’t been a large, global conflict in decades. Analysts are divided about whether this means we’ve surpassed such levels of conflict, or whether our era’s relative lull means disaster is looming.
The Correlates of War Project is a database of war, which includes dates and battle deaths of wars since 1823. Clauset examined data from 95 interstate conflicts from then up to 2003. The data doesn’t include civil wars or terrorist actions, and its 2003 cutoff leaves out the Iraq war, and conflicts like those in Syria and Yemen, technically described as civil wars, are not included.

He looked at the state of the world before, during and after a substantial conflict, to see if at any other time society went decades without a major war.

His research found that a period of decades without a large war, dubbed a “long peace,” isn’t such a rare event, and that it can easily change. According to Clauset, “the long peace pattern would need to endure for at least another 100 to 150 years before it could plausibly be called a genuine trend.”

“These models indicate that both the long peace and the period of great violence that preceded it are not statistically uncommon patterns in realistic but stationary conflict time series,” the study found.

“The historical patterns of war thus seem to imply that the long peace may be substantially more fragile than proponents believe, despite recent efforts to identify mechanisms that reduce the likelihood of interstate wars.”

“These results imply that the current peace may be substantially more fragile than proponents believe.” Clauset said.

“The so-called ‘long peace’ trend might not be that long, and it might not be a trend,” anthropologist Rahul Oka, who was involved in the research, told Science Mag. “This is a great first step for this line of research.”

Clauset also used his computer model to predict when humanity's demise may occur. He estimated that it could be anytime between 383 to 11,489 years from now, Futurism reports.

University of Colorado computer scientist Aaron Clauset undertook a study to find out. He used data from the Correlates of War Project to map patterns, trends and the likelihood of another major war breaking out.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 19:16| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

欧州滞在は被曝累積が大きくなる?

※ けいちゃん @kFpi54OPw74utOM氏の2018/3/7のツイート
震災の年の7月、朝布団の中で亡くなられた知人(40代後半)は、
1、2ヶ月前にロンドンから戻った〜と空港から元気な声を聞いていた。
それが最後。練馬区。

・・・引用終わり・・・

亡くなった方は、福島第一原発事故時にはロンドン在住で5月頃帰国? 文面からは短期間旅行ではないような印象を受ける。

欧州に滞在していた邦人が帰国後短期間で深刻な体調不良を引き起こす例はあるが、数か月で急死する例は珍しい。

日本に帰国した人は、日本食三昧する例が多いが、5月、6月は特に高級食材で強い汚染が出始めたころに当たるからだろうか。

オリンピックで来日した人の中に体調不良を起こす人も多数出るだろう。

欧州、米国の食品は放射性物質による汚染が強いことはほぼ確実だ。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 12:14| Comment(2) | 福島原発事故

韓国大統領の政治外交手腕に期待

FARSNEWS2018/3/4
Seoul Plans to Send Special Envoys to DPRK
TEHRAN (FNA)- Local media reported on Sunday that South Korean President Moon Jae-in wants to send National Intelligence Service (NIS) chief Suh Hoon and head of the National Security Office (NSO) Chung Eui-yong as delegates to North Korea for taking part in bilateral talks.

Suh and Chung will be officially announced as delegates for the talks with Pyongyang later on Sunday by the South Korean presidential office, according to the Yonhap news agency.

The delegation will reportedly visit North Korea next week in order to deliver a message of Moon for North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

Suh is known for organization of two inter-Korean summits in 2000 and in 2007 while Chung played a key role in maintaining close coordination with US President Donald Trump's National Security Adviser Herbert Raymond McMaster.

Tensions on the Korean Peninsula escalated in 2017 after North Korea conducted several ballistic missile launches and a nuclear test in violation of UN resolutions.

The situation significantly de-escalated before the Winter Olympics that were held in South Korea’s Pyeongchang with North Korean athletes having been allowed to perform in the games.

The opening ceremony on February 9 was attended by North Korean head of state Kim Yong Nam as well as Kim Jong Un's younger sister Kim Yo Jong, who delivered an invitation to Moon to visit Pyongyang for a third inter-Korean summit.

FARSNEWS2018/3/5
North Korea's Kim Jong-Un Meets South Korea Officials in Pyongyang
TEHRAN (FNA)- North Korean Leader Kim Jong-un met high-ranking South Korean officials, according to a report.

According to the South Korean presidential office, Kim hosted a dinner with South Korean President Moon Jae-in's special envoys on Monday, Yonhap reported.

It is believed to be the first time the North Korean Leader has met South Korean officials since he took office in 2011.

The meeting comes as a delegation of South Korean officials travelled to North Korea on Monday to discuss bilateral relations between the two rival neighbours and potential dialogue between Washington and Pyongyang administrations.

The South Korean envoys are also expected to put forward the President's wishes for nuclear disarmament in the Korean peninsula, as well as encouraging peaceful dialogue between both nations in the hope of restoring diplomatic ties, according to US media.

After the two-day visit to North Korea, the delegation will travel to the US to brief officials there on their discussions in Pyongyang.

The delegation's visit is the latest chapter in a remarkable detente achieved through the recently concluded Winter Olympics where North Korean athletes were accorded warm welcome.

The trip is in response to an invitation offered by Kim Jong-un's sister Kim Yo-Jong for South Korean President to visit Pyongyang.

Senior North Korean officials, led by Kim's sister, visited South Korea during last month's Winter Olympics.

TBSニュース2018/6/6
北朝鮮の方針転換に韓国「驚き」、米朝対話の行方焦点に
 韓国の特使団を率いた鄭義溶(チョン・ウィヨン)国家安保室長は、「米朝対話を始める十分な条件が整った」と、訪朝の成果に胸を張りました。
 南北首脳会談については関係改善のために早期の開催が望ましいという考えで一致して、一気に4月末の開催が決まったということです。
 また、韓国側は、4月に再開する方針の米韓合同軍事演習に北朝鮮がかみついてくるのではないかという懸念を持っていましたが、金正恩(キム・ジョンウン)党委員長は理解を示したということです。
 北朝鮮は、去年まで韓国の対話提案を無視し続けてきたわけですから、ここまでの方針の大転換に韓国では驚きが広がっています。文在寅(ムン・ジェイン)大統領は、「合意をつまづくことなく履行するよう努力してほしい」と関係部署に指示し、韓国政府は、アメリカ、中国、ロシア、そして日本に説明をして協力を求めることにしています。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:48| Comment(1) | 国際・政治

‘Operational pause’: Turkish offensive in Syria’s Afrin forces US to halt anti-ISIS battle

RT2018/3/5
‘Operational pause’: Turkish offensive in Syria’s Afrin forces US to halt anti-ISIS battle
Some US-aligned militias have switched their priorities to battle the Turkish-led offensive in Afrin instead of fighting ISIS terrorists, the Pentagon said, announcing a “pause” in ground operations in eastern Syria.

On January 20, Turkey, with the help of the so-called Free Syrian Army (FSA), launched Operation Olive Branch, a massive cross-border operation to clear Kurdish militias and remnants of jihadist fighters from Afrin, Syria. For over a month, the US-supported Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), the backbone of which is formed by the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG), have split their efforts between battling the Turkish incursion and supporting the US agenda in northern Syria.

On Monday, the Pentagon spokesman Colonel Robert Manning acknowledged that the Turkish offensive had affected the US-led fight against Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) terrorists on the ground, effectively leading to an “operational pause.”

Ground operations against Islamic State in the Euphrates River Valley have been temporarily suspended, Manning told reporters, stressing, however, that US airstrikes in the area are continuing.

“It is an extraordinary situation because you have US proxy army in Syria, i.e. the Kurds, have departed the battlefield that the US has them on to go fight a US ally, a NATO ally Turkey,” Daniel McAdams, the executive director of the Ron Paul Institute, told RT.

“Some fighters operating within the SDF have decided to leave operations in the middle Euphrates river valley to fight elsewhere, possibly in Afrin,” Major Adrian Rankine-Galloway, another Pentagon spokesman, admitted on Monday. “They’re not fighting ISIS anymore, and that basically meant that they’re not taking territory back from ISIS as quickly as they had been in the past.”

The Turkish operation in Afrin has strained relations between the US and its major NATO ally. Ankara considers the Kurdish militias to be an extension of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which has been outlawed in Turkey as a terrorist organization. Turkey has long been anxious about the autonomy ambitions of the Kurds, who seized control of vast territories in northern Syria with the help of the Pentagon. Tensions have continued to rise since the US announced the plan to sponsor the creation of a 30,000-strong border security force, half of which would be recruited from Kurdish-led forces.

Despite Ankara’s objections, Washington remains committed to using the SDF to secure their objectives in Syria. “The nature of our mission in Syria has not changed,” Manning said on Monday, reaffirming that SDF remains a “major partner” on the ground in Syria.

The Syrian government has repeatedly condemned the Turkish operation as yet another violation of the country’s sovereignty, following years of “aggression” against the Syrian people by the US-led coalition. Further complicating the situation in the area, pro-Damascus militias were also been deployed to Afrin late last month after an appeal from the Kurds to reinforce locals in their resistance against the Turks.

“What is the US doing in Eastern Syria if it is not fighting ISIS?” McAdams asked, questioning Washington’s stated goals. “Does the US hope that the Syrian government gets further drawn into the fight with the Kurds against Turks? Then the US can swing back around and help its Turkish ally in fighting the Syrian government and Kurds as well?”

According to Ankara, at least 2,795 “terrorists” have been killed as a result of Operation Olive Branch. Turkey aims to create a 30 kilometer (19 mile) “safe zone” in northern Syria’s Afrin province. The operation continues as planned, Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdag noted on Monday, after Ankara rejected a February 24 United Nations Security Council resolution demanding a full month-long ceasefire across Syria. According to Turkey, the FSA has “liberated” 147 locations including three town centers, 112 villages, 30 strategic mountains and hills and two YPG bases so far.

FARSNEWS2018/3/6
Turkish General: US Poised to Create Garrison State in Syria
TEHRAN (FNA)- Retired Turkish Lieutenant-General Hakki Pekin, former head of the Turkish General Staff's Intelligence Department, stressed that the US policy in Syria prompted Turkey to launch a military operation in Afrin.

Commenting to Sputnik on the current situation in Syria's Afrin region, Turkish military experts specifically stressed the importance of developing full-fledged coordination between Turkey and the Syrian government in the area East of the Euphrates River.

He also pointed out the US' desire to spoil relations between Turkey and Russia.

"The US and its coalition want to harm cooperation in the Turkey-Russia-Iran format. In fact, if there were no cooperation in such a format and if Russia's presence (in Turkey) was less significant, Syria would now be split. We should speak about this openly. Russia is doing its best to ensure that Syria is not dismembered," Pekin emphasized.

As for Turkey, it "aims to maintain order and security in the Afrin region rather than occupy the area," Pekin said, referring to Ankara's crackdown on the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD), blacklisted by Turkey as a terrorist organization.

He was echoed by another retired Turkish general, Naim Baburoglu, who recalled that "the territories to the East of the Euphrates are currently controlled by the United States" and that "the region has been transferred to the Kurdistan Workers' Party" (PKK), which Ankara also sees as a terrorist group.

"The US intends to create a garrison state there – a barracks-style structure which will be controlled by Washington. The region chosen by the US for the implementation of this plan is of great importance," Baburoglu said.

He explained that 70 percent of energy resources are concentrated in the territories to the East of the Euphrates, which constitute 30 percent of Syria's territory.

"In other words, the United States is currently assuming control over a strategically important area of Syria," Baburogly underlined.

He also said that the US is not interested in the Turkish military's success in Afrin and that Washington "does not want the Kurdistan Workers' Party to suffer losses in the region."

Babugorlu urged Turkey to continue its offensive on the territory to the East of the Euphrates, saying that Ankara should not fall into a US trap under the guise of a "security zone."

"If Turkey fails to avoid such a trap, a "terrorist quasi-state" will be created in the area, something that was in place in the 1990s in Northern Iraq. For this reason, Turkey must oppose the US proposal to establish a security zone in Syria and instead establish a dialogue with the Syrian government," he concluded.


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:48| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

Leaked Emails: UAE Lobbied US to Sack Tillerson for Backing Qatar

Leaked Emails: UAE Lobbied US to Sack Tillerson for Backing Qatar
TEHRAN (FNA)- Leaked emails revealed the United Arab of Emirates (UAE) lobbied the US last year to sack Secretary of State Rex Tillerson for failing to side with Abu Dhabi against regional rival Qatar amid a diplomatic rift between the two Persian Gulf countries.

The emails obtained by the BBC Monday showed that UAE-linked businessman Elliott Broidy, who was a fundraiser for US President Donald Trump, met him in October 2017 and urged him to fire Tillerson, presstv reported.

The emails are an account of what Broidy told Trump during that meeting, according to the BBC article.

Broidy called the top US diplomat “a tower of Jello”, “weak” and said he “needs to be slammed.”

He said that Tillerson was “performing poorly and should be fired at a politically convenient time.”

Broidy urged Trump to support the UAE and Saudi Arabia, advising the US President against getting involved in the row with Qatar, according to a memorandum he prepared of the meeting.

Broidy also said Qatar was “a television station with a country”, referring to the Doha-based Al-Jazeera broadcaster, which has routinely aired critical coverage of Saudi Arabia and the UAE, most recently of their military campaign against Yemen.

Broidy emailed a detailed account of his meeting with the President to George Nader, a Lebanese-American businessman with decades of experience serving as an interlocutor between the Middle East and Washington.

Broidy’s defense company Circinus has hundreds of millions of dollars worth of contracts with the UAE, according to The New York Times.

He had recently returned from the UAE when he met Trump at the White House in October.

The paper reported on Sunday that both Broidy and Nader are people of interest in US special counsel Robert Mueller’s probe into whether Trump illegally collaborated with foreign countries during the presidential campaign.

“Mueller’s investigators have questioned Nader and have pressed witnesses for information about any possible attempts by the Emiratis to buy political influence by directing money to support Trump during the presidential campaign, according to people with knowledge of the discussions,” the paper reported.

The UAE, Bahrain and Egypt led by Saudi Arabia severed their diplomatic relations with Qatar on June 5, 2017, accusing Doha of sponsoring “terrorism” and destabilizing the region, an allegation strongly denied by Doha.

The Saudi-led quartet presented Qatar with a list of demands and gave it an ultimatum to comply with them or face consequences.

The demands included closing the Al-Jazeera broadcaster, removing Turkish troops from Qatar’s soil, scaling back ties with Iran, and ending relations with Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood movement.

Doha, however, refused to meet the demands and denounced them as unreasonable.

Tillerson has criticized the embargo, saying it was “impairing US and other international business activities in the region and has created a hardship on the people of Qatar and the people whose livelihoods depend on commerce with Qatar.”

During the Kuwait International Conference for Reconstruction of Iraq last month, Tillerson also called on Arab monarchies to resolve their diplomatic dispute with Qatar.

Amid the diplomatic crisis, Abu Dhabi has taken an especially tough line towards Doha.

Last month, Qatar’s Defense Minister Khalid bin Mohammad al-Attiyah said Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates had planned a military invasion of his country at the beginning of a diplomatic crisis that erupted last year.

A series of leaked documents revealed in November 2017 that the UAE had a stunning detailed plot to launch an economic war on Qatar.

Dubai security chief Dhahi Khalfan also called on the Saudi-led coalition attacking Yemen since 2015 to bomb the Qatari media network Al-Jazeera.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:55| Comment(0) | 国際・政治