ずくなしの冷や水

2018年01月31日

シリア憲法委員会の設置が決まる 国民対話会議

RT2018/1/30
150-strong Syrian constitutional committee agreed to at Sochi congress
The Syrian National Dialogue Congress meeting in Sochi, Russia has agreed to create a committee that will work on a new constitution for Syria. The body is expected to operate under the auspices of the UN in Geneva.

"A Constitutional Committee is to be formed, comprising the government of the Syrian Arab republic delegation along with a wide-represented opposition delegation for drafting a constitutional reform,” UN special envoy to Syria Staffan De Mistura said, addressing the Congress.

“In your final declaration today you’ve embraced 12 principles, developed in the Geneva political process, which describes a vision of Syria, that all Syrians should be able to share.”

The UN official said there were heated discussion during the Congress, but added it’s a completely normal occurrence during democratic negotiations. The new panel is perceived to be a valuable contribution to the Geneva process – “the political settlement under the auspices of the UN [and] in accordance with Security Council Resolution 2254,” de Mistura underlined.

Moscow expects de Mistura and the UN to take practical steps to implement the decisions taken at the Sochi Congress, and to actively participate in the drafting of a new constitution for Syria, Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov told reporters. “We are not trying to look into the future now. We’ve agreed today that the results of the Congress are presented to the UN in hope that they will stimulate the Geneva process,” Lavrov said.

“Staffan de Mistura has all the powers needed, given by the Resolution 2254. The support to these... De Mistura’s powers was shown during the Congress and he was asked to actively engage in work on the Constitution.”

The three countries, who brokered the Sochi Congress, Russia Iran and Turkey will fully support the UN and de Mistura in the implementation of its outcomes, Lavrov added.

The Constitution Commission will comprise 150 members and the full list will be forwarded to the UN following the settling of some minor issues, Russia's Special Presidential envoy to Syria Aleksandr Lavrentyev said. Some1,393 delegates took part in the Congress, according to the envoy, while over 1,500 invitations had been sent out beforehand.

The Constitutional Committee will also include delegates from those groups who did not attend the Sochi gathering for whatever reason, Lavrov said. “Obviously, no one expected that it’ll be possible to gather representatives of absolutely all groups of the Syrian nation – both loyal to the government, neutral and opposition. The fact that two-three groups could not participate should not be seen as a tragedy,” Russia's top diplomat stated.

Lavrov brushed off criticism “from Paris, Washington and several other capitals” that the Congress is not representative enough. He pointed out that unlike the recent Group of Five (France, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, the UK and US) meeting in Paris, the Sochi platform was open to all to participate in and included “observers from all permanent UN Security Council members, all Syria’s neighbor states, from other Arab countries and Kazakhstan as a host country.”

Comparing the two processes, Lavrov argued that the plan proposed in Paris for a settlement in Syria was the result of “non-transparent activity that runs counter to the Geneva process” as it was drawn up by “five randomly chosen countries” which cast aside not only Damascus, but also key players like Russia, Turkey and Iran, who serve as guarantors of the Syrian ceasefire.

“The resolution of the crisis will happen urgently under United Nations auspices in Geneva, France has that as a immediate objective. It’s not happening in Sochi and it must happen in Geneva,” French foreign minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said ahead of the Congress.

Russia's most senior diplomat directly addressed Le Drian's attempt to juxtapose the goals of the meeting in Sochi against those of the Geneva process. Lavrov explained that the Congress, has in fact, “provided a very strong support to Geneva, to the UN role [in the Geneva process] on the bases of UN Security Council resolution 2254, which means that any steps should be mutually agreed [upon] by the government and the opposition.”
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 23:55| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

在韓国米国大使候補がトランプ政権の北朝鮮政策を批判して任命見送りに

※ David Nakamura認証済みアカウント @DavidNakamura氏の2018/1/31のツイート
Scoop: The White House’s choice for U.S. ambassador to South Korea is no longer expected to be nominated after he privately expressed disagreement with the Trump administration’s North Korea policy, w/@agearan

washingtonpost2018/1/30
Disagreement on North Korea policy derails White House choice for ambassador to South Korea
The White House’s original choice for U.S. ambassador to South Korea is no longer expected to be nominated after he privately expressed disagreement in late December with the Trump administration’s North Korea policy, according to people familiar with the matter.

Victor D. Cha, an academic who served in the George W. Bush administration, raised his concerns with National Security Council officials over their consideration of a limited strike on the North aimed at sending a message without sparking a wider war − a risky concept known as a “bloody nose” strategy.

Cha also objected to the administration’s threats to tear up a bilateral trade deal with Seoul that President Trump has called unfair to American companies. Last week, the administration imposed new tariffs on imports of washing machines and solar energy panels, a move criticized by the South Korean government.

The White House had spent months conducting a security and financial background check on Cha, and U.S. officials formally notified Seoul in December of Trump’s intent to send his nomination to the Senate. South Korean officials quickly signed off on Cha, a formal process in international affairs known as “Agrément.”

Newspapers in Seoul hailed his pending appointment in December, and South Korean diplomats in Washington were pressing the White House to formally nominate him to the Senate, hoping to have him in place in time for the Winter Olympics, which start Feb. 9 in PyeongChang.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 14:26| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

産経新聞のフェイクニュース 報道機関だとは思わない

琉球新報 2018/1/30(火) 6:04配信
産経報道「米兵が救助」米軍が否定 昨年12月沖縄自動車道多重事故

 昨年12月1日に沖縄自動車道を走行中の米海兵隊曹長の男性が、意識不明の重体となった人身事故で、産経新聞が「曹長は日本人運転手を救出した後に事故に遭った」という内容の記事を掲載し、救出を報じない沖縄メディアを「報道機関を名乗る資格はない」などと批判した。しかし、米海兵隊は29日までに「(曹長は)救助行為はしていない」と本紙取材に回答し、県警も「救助の事実は確認されていない」としている。産経記事の内容は米軍から否定された格好だ。県警交通機動隊によると、産経新聞は事故後一度も同隊に取材していないという。産経新聞は事実確認が不十分なまま、誤った情報に基づいて沖縄メディアを批判した可能性が高い。産経新聞の高木桂一那覇支局長は「当時のしかるべき取材で得た情報に基づいて書いた」と答えた。

 昨年12月9日に産経新聞の高木支局長は、インターネットの「産経ニュース」で「沖縄2紙が報じないニュース」として、この事故を3千字を超える長文の署名記事で取り上げた。「日本人運転手が軽傷で済んだのは曹長の勇気ある行動があったからだ」と紹介し、沖縄メディアに対し「これからも無視を続けるようなら、メディア、報道機関を名乗る資格はない。日本人として恥だ」と断じた。

 同12日には産経新聞本紙でも「日本人救った米兵 沖縄2紙は黙殺」という見出しで、曹長の回復を祈る県民の運動と共に報じている。ネットでは県内メディアへの批判が集中し、本紙にも抗議の電話やメールが多数寄せられた。

 しかし海兵隊は現場で目撃した隊員の証言などから1月中旬、「(曹長は)他の車両の運転手の安否を確認したが、救助行為はしていない」と回答。県警交通機動隊によると、事故で最初に横転した車の運転手は当初「2人の日本人に救助された」と話していたという。

 海兵隊によると、曹長は意識を回復しリハビリに励んでいるという。産経ニュースはその後、曹長の回復や事実誤認については報じていない。

 批判を受けて琉球新報は高木支局長に(1)どのように事実確認をしたのか(2)県警に取材しなかったのはなぜか(3)沖縄メディアには取材したのか―の3点を質問した。高木支局長は23日に取材に応じ「当時のしかるべき取材で得た情報に基づいて書いた」と答えた。

◆海兵隊、投稿を訂正/「誤った情報の結果」

 事故は昨年12月1日午前4時50分ごろ、沖縄市知花の沖縄自動車道北向け車線で発生した。最初に左側の車線で追突事故が発生し軽自動車が横転した。追突現場の後方で停車した別の車に曹長の運転する車が接触し、さらに後ろから米軍の貨物車が衝突した。その後、後方から追い越し車線を走ってきた米海兵隊員の運転する乗用車に、路上にいた曹長がはねられた。

 米海兵隊第3海兵兵站(たん)群の英語ホームページ記事によると、曹長は接触事故後に現場にいた別の隊員に近づき無事を確認した後「自分の車を動かすよ」と言って離れた直後にはねられたという。

 在日米海兵隊のツイッターでは12月、曹長へ回復を祈るメッセージを送る県民の運動について発信する際に「多重事故で横転した車から県民を救出した直後に車にひかれ」と、救助したと断定した書き方をしていた。その後、このツイートは「多重事故で車にひかれ意識不明の重体になった」と訂正された。

 海兵隊は取材に対し「事故に関わった人から誤った情報が寄せられた結果(誤りが)起こった」と説明している。

<視点>事実確認を最重視

 本紙は12月2日付朝刊で事故の発生と曹長の男性が意識不明の重体で搬送されたことを報じた。インターネットの産経ニュースの報道後「なぜ救助を伝えないのか」という意見が本紙に多く寄せられた。

 続報を書かなかった最大の理由は、県警や米海兵隊から救助の事実確認ができなかったからだ。一方で救助していないという断定もできなかった。海兵隊は、現場にいた隊員の証言から「他の車の運転手の状況を確認はしたが救助行為はしていない」と回答したが、曹長が誰かを助けようとしてひかれた可能性は現時点でも否定できない。

 曹長自身も接触事故を起こしてはいるが、あくまでも人身事故の被害者であり、一時は意識不明に陥った。救助を否定することでいわれのない不名誉とならないか危惧した。

 それでも今回報道に至ったのは、産経新聞が不確かな「救助」情報を前提に、沖縄メディアに対して「これからも無視を続けるようなら、メディア、報道機関を名乗る資格はない。日本人として恥だ」と書いたことが大きい。産経新聞の報道が純粋に曹長をたたえるだけの記事なら、事実誤認があっても曹長個人の名誉に配慮して私たちが記事内容をただすことはなかったかもしれないが、沖縄メディア全体を批判する情報の拡散をこのまま放置すれば読者の信頼を失いかねない。

 曹長の回復を願う家族の思いや県民の活動は尊いものだ。しかし、報道機関が報道する際は、当然ながら事実確認が求められる。最初に米軍側が説明を誤った可能性を差し引いても、少なくとも県警に取材せずに書ける内容ではなかったと考える。

 産経新聞は、自らの胸に手を当てて「報道機関を名乗る資格があるか」を問うてほしい。(本紙社会部・沖田 有吾)

琉球新報社
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 11:05| Comment(4) | 社会・経済

シリア軍がトルコ軍車列を、トルコ軍がシリア軍陣地を攻撃

トルコ軍がアレッポの南まで軍隊を進め、シリア軍陣地を攻撃しました。何でアレッポの南まで進攻したのか? アフリンの次はマンビジのはずではなかつたのか? ロシア軍、シリア軍の戦闘機も飛んでいます。予想外の展開です。

FARSNEWS2018/1/30
Syrian Army Targets Turkish Military Column in Southern Aleppo
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Syrian Army's artillery and missile units opened heavy fire at a convoy of Turkish military vehicles in Southern Aleppo, a Russian media outlet reported on Tuesday.

The Arabic-language website of RT reported that the artillery and missile units of the Syrian army targeted a Turkish army convoy by over 30 artillery shells and missiles near the town of al-Eis in Southern Aleppo.

In the meantime, media activists said that several Russian warplanes pounded the Turkish convoy that tried to go through the regions that are under the Syrian Army control near al-Eis and near the highway that connects Aleppo to Damascus.

They further said that two Turkish F-16 fighter jets flew over Kamari region where the Turkish military column was targeted by the Syrian artillery and missile units, adding that five Russian fighter jets were also flying over Abu al-Dhohour in Southeastern Idlib.

Also, dissident-affiliated sources reported that the Turkish warplanes flew over Aleppo airspace to provide back-up for the Turkish military column in Tal (hill) al-Eis and bombed a region in al-Hadher.

Local sources said that almost 100 military vehicles, including 15 tanks of the Turkish army together with military equipment of Al-Nusra Front (Tahrir al-Sham Hay'at or the Levant Liberation Board) entered Syrian territories and tried to deploy behind Tal al-Eis that overlooks the Syrian Army's positions in al-Hadher region in Southern Aleppo.

Militant-affiliated websites said that the Turkish convoy launched attacks on Syrian Army positons after their deployment near Tal al-Eis.

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad last week stressed that Turkish offensive in Afrin was part of Ankara's strategy based on supporting terrorists.

"Turkey's brutal attack against the Syrian city of Afrin is inseparable from Turkey policy, that was pursued by the Turkish regime since the first day of the Syrian crisis and which is based for the most part on supporting terrorism and terrorist groups under different names," Assad was quoted as saying by the SANA.

Ankara has launched a new air and ground operation around the area of Afrin in Syria to oust the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), which Ankara views as a terror organization and the Syrian branch of the outlawed Kurdish Workers’ Party (PKK).

Ankara opened a new front in Syria’s nearly seven-year-old war, launching airstrikes against Kurdish fighters in Afrin in Aleppo province. According to reports, Turkish tanks are supporting the Free Syrian Army’s ground offensive on Kurdish positions in Syria’s Afrin region, as Operation "Olive Branch" has started.

The Syrian government has condemned the “brutal Turkish aggression” against the Kurdish-controlled enclave of Afrin, rejecting Ankara’s claim about having informed Damascus of the operation.

The Damascus government had also made clear to Ankara that it considers Turkey’s military presence on its territory as a violation of its sovereignty, and warned that it will shoot down Turkish bombers in Syrian airspace.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 02:52| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

アフリンの戦闘でクルド650人が戦死

FARSNEWS2018/1/30
650 Kurdish Fighters Killed in Turkish Army Operation in Syria's Afrin
TEHRAN (FNA)- A sum of 650 Kurdish fighters have thus far been killed in Operation Olive Branch in Afrin region in Northwestern Syria, the General Staff of the Turkish Army announced in a statement on Tuesday.

The statement said that the Turkish Air Force conducted heavy raids on three military centers of the Kurds, including arms depots and positions.

The statement further said that total casualties of the Kurdish fighters now stand at 650 after they lost 33 gunmen in last night attacks.

RT2018/1/28
'Double standards': Kurds slam US for not fighting 'Turkish occupation' of Afrin (VIDEO)
As Kurdish fighters look to the US to help in the fight against Turkish troops in Manbij, some are accusing Washington of double standards after it did nothing to protect Afrin from “Turkish occupation.”

“With the coalition, especially the US forces, we saw some double standards,” a Kurdish military officer by the name of Khalil told RT’s Ruptly agency. “What we demand from the US, in particular, is to fulfil the promises to the [US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces] – that is to protect the liberated areas, including Afrin, which, as we can see, has been fighting heroically and fiercely for seven days against Turkish occupation...”

The US did not step in when Turkey launched its ‘Operation Olive Branch’ in Afrin, which Ankara says is aimed at battling terrorists in the region. Instead, President Donald Trump “relayed concerns that escalating violence [in Afrin] risks undercutting [sic] our shared goals in Syria,” a White House spokesperson said. “He urged Turkey to exercise caution and to avoid any actions that might risk conflict between Turkish and American forces.”

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has warned that Manbij will be the next target of the operation, with the leader vowing to “cleanse” the city of “terrorists.” All eyes are currently on the US to see whether troops will become involved there, despite having done nothing in Afrin.

Up to 2,000 American soldiers are stationed in Manbij, after being deployed there in March to prevent Turkish and US-backed rebels from fighting each other. They have also carried out training and advising missions in the city.

The US-led coalition worked together with Kurdish fighters to liberate Manbij from Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS). Because of this, Manbij Military Council Spokesperson Sharvan Darwish expressed hope and optimism that the US won’t back away from the city now.

“[The US-led coalition] have been supervising the training and development of the Manbij Military Council until now. The level of coordination is going on normally, and it is even better now, to be honest. There are continuous patrols either on the frontline or in the air. There is nothing until now that suggests they will draw back this coordination or work...” Darwish said.

Turkey launched ‘Operation Olive Branch’ on January 20. Ankara intends to make Manbij its next stop before continuing further east towards the Iraqi border.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:45| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ソチでシリア国民対話会議始まる

ロシアの力の入れ方、並大抵ではありません。

さて、会議の司会、議長は?

FARSNEWS2018/1/30
Congress of National Dialogue on Syria Crisis Kicks off in Russia's Sochi
TEHRAN (FNA)- A new round of peace talks between the Syrian government and the opposition to solve the country's crisis officially kicked off in the Russian Black Sea resort of Sochi on Tuesday.

The Congress of National Dialogue on Syria crisis kicked off in Sochi on Tuesday, SANA reported, adding that almost 1500 persons representing spectrums of the Syrian society and people from foreign oppositions have participated in the event.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on the sideline of the congress opening that the Syrian people are the only ones who have the right to self-determination.

He added that Syria, backed by Russian Air Force, managed to destroy the terrorists, emphasizing that now there are all appropriate conditions for ending the crisis

The Russian Diplomat stressed that the Sochi Congress is a unique event since it represents different segments of Syrian society.

Reports said on Monday that United Nations Special Envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura will be attending the Congress of National Dialog along with some 1,600 people representing a wide range of Syria's political forces.

However, Saudi-backed opposition group, the Syrian Negotiation Commission, has boycotted the talks.

Moscow said on Monday the absence of some representatives of the Syrian opposition will not be a serious setback for the conference.

"The fact that some representatives of the processes currently ongoing in Syria are not participating is unlikely to stop this congress from going ahead and can not seriously sabotage it," Kremlin Spokesperson Dmitry Peskov told reporters on Monday.

Ankara has opposed the contribution of the Syrian Kurds to the initiative since it was launched last year.

Turkey says the Kurdish militants, who enjoy support from US and other Western governments, are an extension of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) which has led a decades-long insurgency against the Turks.

The talks in Sochi on Monday and Tuesday are sponsored by Russia, Iran and Turkey.

Russia, Iran and Turkey hope the talks could compensate for the lack of progress in UN-brokered talks to end Syria's seven-year war.

The three countries have coordinated the establishment of de-escalation zones in Syria - a separate initiative which many say has helped drastically reduce fighting in the Arab country.

On January 26, the ninth round of UN-brokered indirect peace negotiations between the Syrian government and opposition groups was held in the Austrian capital city of Vienna.

The UN talks have so far failed to achieve any concrete results, mainly due to the opposition’s insistence that the Syrian government cede power.

Syria’s main Kurdish militant group has announced that it will boycott upcoming peace talks in Russia over a military incursion by Turkey into territories held by Kurds in northern Syria.

Fawza al-Yussef, an official in Syria's Kurdish region, said delegates from the enclave will not attend talks in Sochi next week only due to Turkey’s offensive against Afrin, a Kurdish city in the Syrian province of Aleppo.

“We said before that if the situation remained the same in Afrin we could not attend Sochi,” said Yussef, adding that the operation in Afrin “contradicts the principle of political dialogue.”


RT2018/1/29
Paving way for Syrian peace: Sochi hosts National Dialogue Congress, hoped to boost Geneva talks
Sochi is hosting a forum on Syria’s future, bringing together representatives of the country’s various social strata. The Congress is expected to boost the peace process and kick-start efforts to draft a new constitution.

The Syrian National Dialogue Congress is to start in the Russian resort city of Sochi on Monday. The event is expected to last for two days, the main negotiations taking place on Tuesday.

The Congress is sponsored by Russia, Turkey and Iran, the leaders of the three countries having agreed to the all-Syrian Congress in November. The main goal of the meeting is to gather “delegates from various political parties, internal and external opposition, ethnic and confessional groups at the negotiating table,” Russian President Vladimir Putin said at the time.

Over 1,500 delegates, representing various groups of Syrian society, have been invited to participate in the talks. The aim is to lay the foundation for a peaceful future for the war-torn country; the delegates are expected to begin work on a new constitution and discuss reconciliation in Syria.

It will be a landmark event, the first to give voice to so many different groups from Syrian society, including the government and the opposition. While instant reconciliation is unlikely the Congress will get the ball rolling, the Kremlin’s spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Friday.

“The work that is going on is extremely complex and thorny. But holding the congress itself is a significant step towards a political solution,” Peskov stated. “One should not expect that the political reconciliation will be achieved in Sochi.”
Sochi Congress to revitalize Geneva talks

The Congress in Sochi is not designed to replace, but rather to boost the Syrian peace process, namely the UN-sponsored Geneva talks, which have stalled for years, largely due to the insistence of some Syrian opposition representatives upon unrealistic preconditions before engaging in talks with the country’s government.

“We believe... that the Syrian National Dialogue Congress in Sochi will be able to create conditions for staging fruitful Geneva talks, taking into consideration that the part of the Syrian opposition that constantly makes preconditions, including for regime change, will be talked into sense by those who control it,” Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said earlier in January.

Partial opposition boycott & UN approval

The Saudi Arabia-based High Negotiations Committee (HNC), an umbrella body created back in 2016 to represent some of the Syrian rebel groups at the Geneva talks, has decided to boycott the Congress, just days before its launch. The group claimed it was supporting “credible political transition” in the Geneva format instead.

The HNC, however, has not demonstrated unity in boycotting the Sochi congress as part of the group, namely the so-called Moscow and Cairo opposition platforms, voted to attend the event and are expected to take part.

The decision to boycott was allegedly supported by 24 members of HNC, while 26 votes were needed for a decisive result, the leader of the Moscow platform, Qadri Jamil, told TASS on Saturday. The participation of some HNC members is therefore possible and would not violate the decision, according to Jamil, although they will not represent the group as a whole.

While the decision of the HNC is unlikely to harm the Congress, it definitely harmed the opposition body itself, which will now miss the chance to be heard at a large international meeting, a source in Russia’s Foreign Ministry told TASS on Saturday.

“No, it won’t affect [the Congress]. We’ve invited everyone eager to participate, who doesn’t want to does not participate. The Congress will be held without them, unfortunately, and that’s all,” the diplomatic source said.

Despite the claims of parts of the Syrian opposition that the Sochi Congress would somehow jeopardize the international peace process, it was embraced by the main sponsor of the Geneva talks – the UN. The Special Envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, will take part in the Congress after accepting Moscow’s invitation days before the event.

“The Secretary-General is confident that the Congress in Sochi will be an important contribution to a revived intra-Syrian talks process under the auspices of the United Nations in Geneva, based on the full implementation of the Geneva Communiqué (2012) and Security Council resolution 2254 (2015),” spokesman for the UN Secretary-General António Guterres said in a statement on Friday.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:28| Comment(0) | 国際・政治