ずくなしの冷や水

2018年01月26日

梅干しがすっぱいと感じられなくなったら ふらついて歩けない?

FARSNEWS2018/1/25
Surprising Discovery Links Sour Taste to the Inner Ear's Ability to Sense Balance
TEHRAN (FNA)- Scientists at the USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences have discovered an entirely new class of ion channels. These channels let protons (H+ ions) into cells, are important in the inner ear for balance, and are present in the taste cells that respond to sour flavors.

Protons control whether a solution is acidic or basic. They set pH. Not surprisingly, protons do not cross cell membranes; they must be transported across the membrane through special proteins like ion channels.

Although a gene encoding an ion channel that lets protons leave cells has been identified, whether one gene or several genes were necessary to form an ion channel that lets protons into cells was unknown. Now, research into sour taste has identified the otopetrin family of genes as encoding proton-conducting ion channels.

This gene family was originally identified as important for balance: mice with mutations in otopetrin 1 (Otop1) are called tilted (tlt) because they cannot right themselves. The function of the encoded protein and why mutations in the gene cause a vestibular defect are unknown. But while studying taste perception, a group led by Emily Liman, USC Dornsife professor of biological sciences, discovered that Otop1 encodes a proton channel, providing hints as to how otopetrin1 contributes to inner ear function and balance.

Because sour taste is the perception of acidic substances, which have a high concentration of protons, Liman predicted that sour taste cells have an ion channel that responds to or transports protons. Indeed, eight years ago, her lab used biophysical approaches to show that protons enter taste cells through a specialized proton channel in the cell membrane. The gene encoding this channel and the structural properties of the proton channel were unknown.

Liman's lab used a molecular genetics technique called RNAseq to identify which genes were specifically expressed in sour taste cells and not other types of taste cells. Graduate student Yu-Hsiang Tu then tested candidate genes one-by-one until he found one that produced a proton-conducting protein when introduced into cells that did not have any proton-conducting channels.

After Yu-Hsiang had tested more than three dozen candidates, Liman had all but given up. "When Yu-Hsiang called me in to the lab and showed me the otopetrin data, I could not believe we had finally found it," Liman said. "We had been looking for so many years."

In addition to Otop1, there are two other related genes in vertebrates (Otop2 and Otop3), and this gene family is represented in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Otopetrins are structurally different from all other ion channels, and all of the otopetrins form proton channels, suggesting that these proton-conducting channels are evolutionarily conserved. Each of the otopetrins has a distinct distribution in many tissues, including the tongue, ear, eye, nerves, reproductive organs, and digestive tract.

In the vestibular system, Otop1 is necessary for the formation and function of structures called otoconia, which are calcium carbonate crystals that sense gravity and acceleration. The investigators speculate that the otopetrins maintain the pH appropriate for formation of otoconia and that the defect in the tlt mice is due to a dysregulation of pH.

In the taste system, otopetrins may be involved in sensing acids as part of sour taste perception. The function of these proton channels in other tissues is unknown.

"We never in a million years expected that the molecule that we were looking for in taste cells would also be found in the vestibular system," Liman said. "This highlights the power of basic or fundamental research."
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 20:58| Comment(0) | 健康づくり

エルドアンがマンビジ攻撃を表明

RT2018/1/26
Turkey’s Erdogan says will rid Syria’s Manbij of terrorists after Afrin op
Turkish forces in Syria will go after Kurdish militias in Manbij after finishing the operation in Afrin, President Erdogan said. Ankara intends to continue fighting the Kurds all the way to the border with Iraq, he added.

The Turkish military launched a military operation in Syria targeting Kurdish militias in the enclave of Afrin last week. Ankara considers armed Kurdish groups in Syria an extension of the Turkey-based Kurdish militant group PKK, which it labels a terrorist organization. The US plan to train and arm the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), a militant force dominated by Kurdish militias, outraged Turkey, which responded with an attack on Afrin.

Escalating the situation on Friday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the incursion will not be limited to Afrin, which is located in north-western Syria near the Turkish border, and that the Turkish troops will later advance on other Kurdish areas in Syria.

The Syrian Kurdish town of Manbij, named by Erdogan as a possible target, is located some 100 km east of Afrin. US soldiers are currently stationed there, supporting Kurdish YPG militias.

Erdogan’s threat to take the operation all the way to the Iraqi border manifestly raises the stakes in the conflict. Previously Ankara had described the area of its security interests in Syria as the part of the border that lies west of the Euphrates River. An earlier Turkish cross-border ground operation was even called “Shield of Euphrates”. The historically Kurdish areas are located in the eastern part of Syria, bordering Iraqi Kurdistan.

The belligerent rhetoric from the Turkish president indicates that Washington’s attempts to alleviate the crisis by pledging not to continue supplying arms to Syrian Kurdish militias may not have worked. Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu earlier said Ankara will watch closely whether the Americans’ promise would be kept.

The Kurdish forces in Syria and Iraq were allies of the US-led coalition formed to fight Islamic State. Turkey, a part of the coalition, was protesting the US endorsement of the militias, perceived as a major security threat by the Turkish government.

RT2018/1/25
Turkey: Holding Business with Terrorists 'Humiliating' for US
TEHRAN (FNA)- Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said on Thursday the US cooperation with terrorist organizations is "self-humiliating" for Washington.

"It is really very humiliating for America to hold business with terror organizations, [and] take actions it planned with a terror organization in the region," Yildirim said at a signing ceremony to introduce countrywide all-in-one payment system in Ankara, Anadolu Agency reported.

Referring to the US, Yildirim added that the country, which Turkey has worked together with for many years in the region and called it "ally" in NATO, is clinging to terror groups.

"It is a sad and a dire situation," he said, adding that it is “unacceptable” that such country, instead of protecting the borders of NATO, is supporting the terror establishments.

"We will not tolerate any terror establishment along our 1,350-kilometer-long (839 miles) Southern border from Iran to the Mediterranean sea, Iraq, Syria, Euphrates river's East or West," Yildirim stressed.

Turkey’s Operation ‘Olive Branch’ kicked off on Saturday from air and ground around the area of Afrin in Syria's Aleppo to oust the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), which Ankara views as a terror organization and the Syrian branch of the outlawed Kurdish Workers’ Party (PKK).



RT2018/1/24
Turkey will ‘thwart games’ along its borders, starting at Manbij in Syria - Erdogan
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has said that Ankara will start from the town of Manbij in northern Syria to “thwart games” along its borders.

Manbij, controlled by US-backed Kurdish militia, is located some 100km from Afrin, where Turkey’s general staff officially declared the start of ‘Operation Olive Branch’ on Saturday.

“With the Olive Branch operation, we have once again thwarted the game of those sneaky forces whose interests in the region are different,” Erdogan said in a speech to provincial leaders in Ankara.

“Starting in Manbij, we will continue to thwart their game.”

The military operation follows Erdogan’s promise to “strangle” the new Border Security Force (BSF) in Syria. The US-led coalition announced earlier in January that it would help create the 30,000-strong BSF, half of which would be comprised of the Kurdish-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) alliance.

Ankara’s ire has been driven by the fact that the key forces behind the SDF are the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG). These are linked to the Kurdish PKK, which is considered a terrorist organization in Turkey.

“I have doubts about the humanity of those who support this organization (People's Protection Units, also called YPG) and call Turkey an invader,” Erdogan said.

Ankara says it's taking all necessary measures to avoid civilian casualties. “First, we will eradicate terrorists and then make the place livable for 3.5 million Syrians,” Erdogan said, as cited by Anadolu Agency.

However, the Kurds countered this statement by claiming that the operation had already claimed innocent lives. According to the Turkish president, “some 268 people were neutralized in last four days” of the operation.

Russia has expressed concern over the ongoing standoff, urging all parties to show restraint and respect the territorial integrity of Syria, while Damascus has condemned “Turkish aggression on Afrin.”

The US, which Turkey has repeatedly slammed for arming Kurds in Syria, said it was also concerned over Ankara’s decision to resort to force. On Tuesday, US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said that Turkey's operations in Syria are distracting from efforts to ensure the defeat of Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) and risk “exacerbating the humanitarian crisis.”

“This [the operation] could be exploited by ISIS and Al-Qaeda, obviously, that we're not staying focused on them right now. And obviously it risks exacerbating the humanitarian crisis that most of Syria is going through,” Mattis said.

When the operation entered its second day, Washington urged Turkey to keep it “limited in scope and duration.” Erdogan, however, lashed out at its NATO ally, citing the US’ decades-long military presence in other countries. “And I’m asking the US, how long have you been in Afghanistan, when will it end? You came in Iraq before we came to power. Has the time duration ended in Iraq? You are still there,” Erdogan said.

RT2018/1/24
'Small possibility’ that US & Ankara will come face-to-face in Manbij – Turkish deputy PM
The US and Ankara may come face-to-face in Manbij, though the possibility is “small,” Turkey’s deputy prime minister said. Earlier President Erdogan said Turkey will “thwart games” on its borders and start with Manbij, Syria.

Turkey will also continue to use the airspace across Afrin region in northern Syria, where it recently launched Operation ‘Olive Branch’, Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdag told Reuters in an interview.

At the same time, he says, Ankara is ready for all types of cooperation with Russia and the US if these actions would bring peace to the region.

The Turkish operation in northern Syria follows Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's promise to “strangle” the new Border Security Force (BSF) in Syria, which the US-led coalition announced it would help to set up.

The 30,000-strong BSF is expected to be comprised from veterans from the Kurdish-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and other volunteers. Ankara reminded that a crucial force within the SDF are Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG), which are linked to the “terrorist group” PKK.

A day before the operation in Afrin, Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov accused the US of working to create alternative government systems in Syria, which goes against its promises to respect the country’s territorial integrity. “It’s a fact that US forces are seriously involved in creating alternative government bodies in a vast part of the Syrian territory,” Lavrov said.

Later on Wednesday, Erdogan criticized the administration of former US President Barack Obama for failing to keep its promises to Turkey in Syria.

“There was an operation during Mr. Obama’s administration. That operation aimed to clear terrorists from Manbij. But he failed to keep up to his promise and cheated us,” Erdogan said, as cited by Hurriyet Daily news.

Ankara has done its part, but Washington has not, he said.

“They [the Obama administration] promised they would send the terrorists in this area to the east of the Euphrates and leave Manbij.”
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 20:51| Comment(2) | 国際・政治

千葉県山武市の事業場における2017年日平均空間線量率


http://www.city.sammu.lg.jp/soshiki/15/hujifirumu.html

日平均で0.001μSv/h上がるためには一日で0.024μSvの線量上乗せが必要。0.012μSv/h高い時間が2時間、0.024μSv/h高い時間が1時間あればよい。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 19:19| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

米軍 テロリストとの親密な関係で次々に尻尾を出す

欧州製の電子兵器を搭載したオフロード車2台が、シリア軍によってAl-Tanfの米国拠点近くで破壊され、テロリスト5人が死亡、ISISのプロパガンダ資料が発見されています。1台はアルタンフに逃げました。死亡したテロリストは米国によって訓練を受けた武装反政府グループに属すると見られます。テロリストと戦うために置いたと米国が主張する米軍の基地がテロリストの訓練に使われています。ロシアが米軍基地がテロリストの訓練に使われていると明確に指摘したのは初めて。

RT2018/1/26
Militants with EU-made kit & exiting US-patrolled area taken out by Syrian army – Russian MoD
Two off-road vehicles carrying European-made electronic weaponry were destroyed by Syrian forces near the US base at Al-Tanf, the Russian MoD said. Five militants died and IS propaganda material was found at the scene.

Three off-road vehicles with heavy weaponry mounted on them were spotted by a Syrian militia unit patrolling the boundary of the US-controlled area in Al-Tanf, the Russian Defense Ministry said on Friday in a press release.

The Syrians opened fire, destroying two vehicles and killing five militants. The third vehicle managed to return to Al-Tanf, the ministry said. While checking the skirmish site, militia forces found Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) propaganda materials, European-made electronic warfare equipment as well as large amounts of small arms ammunition.

The slain militants could belong to a US-trained armed opposition group, according to the ministry. “Flags bearing insignia of the ‘Forces of Martyr Ahmad al-Abdo’ were found inside the vehicles,” the statement said, referring to a name of a militant group trained by American Special Forces in Al-Tanf.

The Russian military believes US forces have effectively turned their military base near the town of Al-Tanf in south-eastern Syria into a terrorist training camp.

The militants being trained there are “essentially ISIS,” Chief of General Staff Valery Gerasimov told Russian media last December, adding they “change their colors, take different names – the ‘New Syrian Army’ and others.”

Currently the militants are planning to flee the Al-Tanf area and prepare terrorist attacks in Syrian provinces of Damascus, Homs and Deir-ez-Zor “to engage and retract Syrian forces” fighting terrorists in Idlib, the Friday statement by Russia’s MoD said.

“These facts confirm that the US is actually involved in training various ‘armed opposition’ factions – being formed from Islamic State-affiliated [IS, formerly ISIS] groupings previously defeated by Syrian troops – to derail Syria’s peace process,” the Defense Ministry stated.

This is not the first time Russia has accused the US military of turning the Al-Tanf area into a terrorist hotbed.

The Russian Defense Ministry maintains the US uses Al-Tanf to train militants, including those of IS. It also said earlier that a number of attacks on government troops had originated from the area. The Americans had attacked Syrian forces and their allies outside the occupied area, claiming they posed a threat to the US contingent
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 18:57| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

クルドSDFがシリア政府に助けを求める



FSAはトルコ政府の支援を受け、トルコ軍とともに戦うシリア反政府勢力です。FSAがなぜ今ロシアの推進する国民対話会議に反対の立場を示したのか、疑問です。

シリア政府は、自国民であるシリア国内クルドに対する攻撃は非難しなければなりませんが、SDFが米軍と結託して分離主義の立場を示しており、シリア政府は難しい立場にありました。トルコの攻撃でSDFに多数の死者などが出ています。空軍力がなく、タンクなどもほとんどないでしょうから、勝負になりません。

シリア政府にアフリンの支配を引き渡す動きも出てきました。SDFの戦略は早計、拙劣です。トルコはSDFの戦力の弱さをよく知っていますので、緒戦から徹底的に叩いてきました。米国が最後までクルドを守ってくれるはずなぞないのにそれに期待したのでしょうが、そこは現在の世界情勢に関する認識不足です。

米国はクルドを使えるだけ使って捨てるだろう、裏切るだろうとの予想が有力です。トルコも裏切られるだろうとの見方がありますが、西亨さんのコメントにあるようにすでに捨てられていた、エルドアンは最近ようやくそれを認識したとなれば、トルコは袂を分かつ行動に出ますからトルコがさらにイランやロシアと接近すれば、イスラム社会のイランを中心にした求心力が高まるでしょう。

エルドアンは、エルサレムをイスラエルの首都として認めるとの米国の決定に対する批判、非難の急先鋒でしたが、あれはジェスチャーではなかったということになります。

米国は、なんとかしてシリア領土に兵士を残したいとあらゆるボタンを押している状況だと評する声もあります。

RT23018/1/25
Syrian Kurds seek Damascus’ protection as Turkey’s Erdogan vows to return Afrin to ‘owners’
Kurdish officials in Afrin have urged Damascus to send troops to protect Syria’s sovereignty from the “Turkish occupier.” Ankara insists it will return the enclave to its “original owner” after its “liberation” from “terrorists.”

The self-administrated, Kurdish-held enclave in the northern Syria issued a plea for help to the Syrian government on Thursday, reiterating its commitment to the integrity of the country.

“We reaffirm that the Afrin region is an integral part of Syria and that our forces are the people’s protection units,” it wrote in a statement, arguing that the Turkish military operation in Afrin “threatens the territorial integrity of Syria and the security and lives of the civilians.”

While the Kurdish units will continue to repel the Turkish military offensive and resist attempts by the Turkish forces to overrun the city, the central Syrian government must dispatch its own forces to “protect its borders with Turkey from attacks of the Turkish occupier,” the Kurdish authorities suggested as operation “Olive Branch” went into its sixth day.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, meanwhile, dismissed the allegations of Turkey’s encroachment on Syrian territory, stressing that Ankara is not interested in land grabs but merely in ensuring its border security. Erdogan argued that as soon as the Turkish army forces “terrorists” out of Afrin, it will be quick to return the city to its “original owners.”

A major aerial and ground military operation launched by Turkey in the border area has already strained relations between Turkey and its key NATO ally the US. The latter has been supporting the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) which Ankara sees as an extension of the Kurdish Workers’ Party (PKK), which is outlawed as a terrorist entity in Turkey.

Ankara says the operation is aimed at fighting Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) and preventing Kurdish “terrorists” from gaining a permanent foothold and subsequent autonomy. It was launched amid reports of a US plan to create a 30,000-strong Border Security Force (BSF), half of which number would be drawn from the Kurdish-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).

Tensions flared up even more following a phone call between Erdogan and US President Donald Trump on Wednesday, as Turkish officials disputed the transcript of the conversation, saying that at no point had the US leader voiced any “concerns” about “escalating violence” in Afrin.

Earlier, the White House reported in its summary of the conversation that Trump “relayed concerns that escalating violence in Afrin… risks undercutting our shared goals in Syria,” while calling on his Turkish counterpart to deescalate the situation and “limit” its military drive.

Despite that, Erdogan announced that the operation may spread into another Kurdish-held enclave, Manbij. Later, Turkish Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdagt said that there may even be a face-to-face confrontation between the US and Ankara in Manbij, though the possibility of such an eventuality is “small.”

On Thursday, the Turkish military announced it has so far killed at least 306 IS and Kurdish “terrorists” since the onset of the offensive on Saturday, noting that it targets exclusively militants and places the “utmost importance” on not hurting any civilians.

FARSNEWS2018/1/25
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Kurdish forces recruited hundreds of civilians in Hasaka, forcing them to join the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) or pay a hefty amount of money.

Local sources in Hasaka province confirmed on Thursday that the Kurdish forces have given a three-day deadline to the residents of the villages of Tal Harmal, Khazravi and Wedad Abdal in Abu Rasin town in Southern Ra'as al-Ain to send one of their family members to the war against Turkey or pay 100,000 Lira of Syria to them.

They noted that the Kurdish forces have also threatened the residents of these regions of attacks and seizure of their houses, adding that more than 200 civilians, including university students, have joined the SDF-backed forces.

In a relevant development on Wednesday, local sources reported that the SDF arrested a number of young people in Northern Raqqa, forcing them to join the group amid fierce clashes between the Kurdish fighters and Turkish army and its allied militants in Northwestern Aleppo.

The sources said that the SDF has embarked on arresting a number of residents in the town of Ein Issa in Northern Raqqa to force them to join the SDF.

The sources further said that the UN representative in the region has not allowed the Kurds to enter Ein Issa camp but tens of civilians have been arrested by the SDF outside the camp.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 15:45| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

引きこもり=裕福ではない

2018/1/25にSYさんから寄せられたコメントを掲載する。管理人は、自分の住む地域で結構引きこもりの人がいることを知らなかった。近所の方に教えてもらって、へー、そんなに多いのかと最近驚いた次第。おそらく身近にそういう方がおられる方も少なくないだろう。そして、悩んでおられるのだろうと思う。引用開始。

引きこもりについてのコメントがないという、管理人さんからのコメントがありましたが、引きこもり=裕福では決してありません。生活習慣病=裕福ではないのと同じです。

身内に、もう40半ばになる引きこもり当事者がいます。親の僅かな基礎年金に依存してずっと生活していましたが、親の死後お金が無ければ無いで、引きこもるためにどんどん生活を削っていき、殆ど食べないで動かないで布団の中に篭った生活でした。生活保護を支給されてもお金が余るような生活です。

人によって、いろいろな原因、事情があるのでしょうが、生活が後ろ向きな分、考え方もモロに後ろ向きで、そうやって自分を守っています。自分のことで精一杯で、世の中の動きや被爆などには関心がないのです。

なので、現実を見て動こうとしている「生きていたい」さんは、すでに半ば引きこもりではないと思います。


(注意:以下は個人的な偏見に満ちた私見)

人は、生きようとして助けを求めている人しか助けられません。人に助けられ、自分自身を助け、人を助ける(助けられた人が、助けを求める自分と人を助ける)という信頼関係の連鎖の中でしか物事は進みません。

引きこもりの人は、このつながりを理解して、実践することができません。たとえ、だれかに助けられても、自分自身を信頼して自分を助けることができないのです。だから、せっかく助けてくれた人にも、感謝もせずに攻撃します。

なので関わった精神科医は発達障害による病気、世の人たちは世間知らずの思い上がり、親はかわいそうな困った子、SEはドライバーソフトの不備または欠落と見ます。(どれもある意味当たってる!)

個人的に考える対処法は、「利害関係に無い人(家族や身内は不可)がゆるく関わって、成長を待つ」です。生きている内に運よく?脱出できるか、そのまま変った人で人生を終わるかは微妙ですが、魂の成長と言う意味ではどちらでも有意義なことと思います。皆さんのご健闘を祈ります。

・・・引用終わり・・・

注:SEとはシステムエンジニアのことで、企業内ITシステムの構築やメンテナンスを担当しています。ドライバーソフトとは、パソコン本体とそれにつないだ周辺機器との間で、相互に情報をやり取りできるようにする駆動ソフトです。

「自分を助ける」というのは自分を信頼する、自信を持つということですね。

さあ、いかがでしょう? あなたの周りにおられませんか? 

管理人が知っている事例では、トイレに籠って出てこない人とか、自室にこもって家族が家にいないときにだけ出てきてものを食べたりするという人の話は聞きました。トイレ引きこもりの人がいるお宅では、トイレが二つあるに家に越したそうです。両親は、年配でいながら講演会の講師や公務の嘱託職員で留守が多いと聞きました。

講演会の講師は代りはいくらでもいますが、子供のことを考えて向き合う親の代わりができる人はいないのにと思ったことがあります。
ぷうさんからコメントが寄せられています。引用開始。

そろそろ、我々も、今ある現実への引きこもりから、引きずり出されるタイミングにあるようです。ポイント・オブ・ノーリターンがどこだったのか? よくわからないうちに、現実が崩壊していく。復旧を待っているうちに、助けが来ないことに気づく。

薄暗い部屋から出て、眩しい太陽を拝まなくてはならないのは、我々も一緒。不都合な真実、想像を超える世界的な犯罪、国会的な犯罪も明らかになるでしょうが、常に課題になるのは、自分の意識の解放と、自他への愛と許し。後ろを振り返る暇があったら、前を向いて、頭を上げて、一歩ずつでも進むこと。

まあ、自分への言い聞かせでもありますが、引きこもりに関する記事を読ませていただいて、そんなことを思いました。心地のよい場所で、おいしい思いをしているほど、崩壊必至の現状に囚われてしまうことでしょうね。幼児的万能感に基づいた共同妄想の世界ほど、抜け出すのが難しい世界はない。それをいま、目の当たりにしていませんか?
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 13:58| Comment(1) | 社会・経済

F1の1・2号機排気塔は傾いている?

管理人は、最近目が衰えて物が歪んで見えることがあります。福島第一原発のライブカメラを見て、とても怖く思っていました。



カメラの特性でしょうか。広角レンズで撮ると画像が歪みますが。



1号機側と4号機側では空の様子も全く違う。長者原から。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:50| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

えっ、えっ?!

RT2018/1/25
Qatar may soon buy Russia’s S-400 anti-aircraft system – ambassador
Qatar is in the “advanced stage” of negotiating the purchase of Russia’s advanced S-400 anti-aircraft system. The long-range SAM missile weapon seems to be the latest fad in the Middle East after its Syria showcase.
Doha’s negotiations with Moscow on the purchase of the S-400 system is “in the advanced stage,” Qatari Ambassador to Russia Fahad bin Mohammed Al-Attiyah told TASS news agency. He said the military cooperation agreement, which was signed in October 2017 during the visit of Russian Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu to the Arab nation, “opened a path for Russia and Qatar to interact in defense sphere, including deliveries of hardware, training of soldiers and officers, maintenance of weapons and, of course, cooperation of special services.”

RT2018/1/25
Germany calls on NATO to discuss Turkey’s military operation in Syria’s Afrin
German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel has asked the NATO Secretary General to raise the issue of Turkey’s military operation against Kurds in Afrin as tensions rise in the region.
“I have asked the secretary general of NATO [Jens Stoltenberg] to discuss the situation in Syria and [particularly] in the northern part of the country within NATO,” Gabriel said in a statement published by the Foreign Ministry. He also said that Berlin, together with Paris, urges the sides to “stop further escalation” of hostilities in the region “to facilitate humanitarian access [to the area] and to protect civilians,” calling it the issue of “highest priority.”

RT2018/1/25
Israel planned to shoot down passenger jet in Arafat assassination plot – new book
Israeli plans to assassinate Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat included a plot to blow up passenger planes and football stadiums, according to an explosive new book by Israeli investigative journalist Ronen Bergman.
The extensive revelations are published in, 'Rise and Kill First: The secret history of Israel’s targeted killings.’ The New York Times published an extract from the book on Tuesday.

RT2018/1/25
‘US pushing all buttons it can’ to remain relevant in Syria
The US has zero intelligence to claim a chemical attack took place in a rebel-held area in Syria, nor does it have access, former CIA officer and counter-terrorism specialist Philip Giraldi says.
Giraldi joined RT America’s ‘News with Ed’ to discuss Washington’s condemnation of Russia’s policy in Syria, which amounts to “pushing all the buttons it can” to remain relevant, he said.

RT: How do you assess what is going on between the US and Russia right now over Syria?

Philip Giraldi: The reality here is that the US is a bit player in the resolution of the conflict. The US did very little – ISIS was basically defeated by Russia, Iran and the Syrian government. The US feels it’s left out in the cold. So it is pushing all the buttons as it can. We have again this claim of chemical weapons taking place in an area controlled by the rebels, which has no credibility whatsoever.

RT: How good is US intelligence on what’s going on in Syria, in your opinion?

PG: I would say we have zero intelligence in terms of something like this – a claimed chemical attack taking place in an area… where no one, including the US, has access… They certainly have satellite photos showing whatever the rebels have been able to stage. They probably have some other sensors and things, but they don’t have good intelligence on this sort of thing.

RT:What would you think if Donald Trump ordered another cruise missile attack to counter this? What would that do?

PG: I have to hope that he wouldn’t consider it, because the last one turned out to be, in political terms, a bad move, in terms of the fact that after the attack, it became very clear the intelligence it was based on was very poor. So I hope he’s learned his lesson from that. But on the other hand, he is extremely impulsive, and might try to do something like this – this would be a very bad precedent.
RT: Does it bother you that Secretary of State Tillerson speaks with such conviction on this issue about who is responsible for chemical weapon usage?

PG: Yes, it bothers me in terms of what he is saying, what Nikki Haley is saying. Essentially they… are saying things that they don’t know. And it is very clear to me as a former intelligence officer that they don’t know it, because if they had the evidence, there would be ways of conveying it. They haven’t conveyed anything that, to me, is significant.

RT: Does this sound like future covert operations could be on the horizon for the US in Syria?

PG: The whole idea of this residual force that they’ve been pushing to stay in Syria, which the US is in illegally anyway, is part of this. There are certainly covert actions probably being planned. Mike Pompeo, head of the CIA, has been very clear that the US is going to get, as he puts it, “vicious.” And “vicious” would certainly include covert action in Syria.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 02:59| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

米軍兵士2名がアフリンで死亡

FARSNEWS2018/1/25
2 US Forces Killed in Afrin
TEHRAN (FAN)- Media sources confirmed that 2 US military men have been killed in Turkey's airstrike on the town of Afrin in Syria's Aleppo province.
The Arabic service of Sputnik news agency quoted media outlets as reporting that the two US military advisors were killed in the Turkish fighter jets' attacks on areas near Afrin.

The sources said that no official source has yet confirmed the report, adding that Pentagon's procrastination in covering such incidents has become a normality.

Earlier this week, Turkey’s Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdag said the US and Ankara may come face-to-face in Manbij, though the possibility is “small”, while earlier President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Ankara will “thwart games” on its borders and start with Manbij.

FARSNEWS2018/1/25
Turkish Air Force Pounds Regions Hosting US Forces in Northern Syria
TEHRAN (FNA)- Clashes between the US and Turkish sides are possible as Ankara launched strikes on areas hosting the special American forces in Northern Syria.
The Russian, Turkish and Kurdish media reported that the Turkish air force and army have launched offensives on regions near Manbij and Tal Abyadh at the Northern borders of Syria with Turkey.
The Arabic service of Sputnik news agency quoted Ali Uzbek, a Turkish journalist, as saying that the Turkish air force has attacked several facilities of the Kurdish forces near the two towns of Manbij and Arima.

He referred to the presence of the US special forces in Manbij, raising the possibility for clashes and complication of relations between Ankara and Washington.
Manbij is currently under the control of the Kurdish forces who are supported by the US, and the American and NATO special forces and advisers are permanently present among them.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:34| Comment(0) | 国際・政治