ずくなしの冷や水

2018年01月15日

クルド関係

FARSNEWS2018/1/15
Russia May 'Undertake Measures' After US Decision on Border Force in Syria
TEHRAN (FNA)- Chairman of the Defense Committee of Russia's State Duma Vladimir Shamanov said Moscow and its partners will undertake measures as a response to the US-led coalition's decision to create the so-called "Border Security Force" on the Syrian territory controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).

"[Such a behavior by the US-led coalition] stands in direct confrontation [with Russia’s interests], and we and our colleagues will certainly undertake certain measures on stabilization of the situation in Syria," Shamanov told Sputnik.

Turkey has also condemned the plans of the United States to create the so-called Border Security Force (BSF) on the Syrian territory controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces, given the absence of consultations with Ankara.

"The coalition did not hold consultations with Turkey about the creation of [these] forces, and it is unknown what coalition members made this decision. Unilateral steps, which are presented as actions of the coalition, is a seriously wrong action that will be detrimental to the fight against ISIL," Turkish Foreign Ministry said.

FARSNEWS2018/1/15
The sources reported that SDF Commander Shahin Shilo has asked Hamid al-Sheikh Shahazah, one of the senior tribal leaders in the town of Ra'as al-Ein to travel to Manbij along with a delegation of regional elites.

The sources further said that Shilo has asked Sheikh Shahazah to mediate between the SDF and tribal people in Manbij to restore calm again in the town.

Residents in Manbij have participated in vast demonstration in recent days, calling for expulsion of the Kurdish forces from the region.

Dissident-affiliated websites reported on Saturday that people in the key town of Manbij in Northeastern Aleppo took to the streets and condemned the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) for killing two young civilians after torturing them, and called for the expulsion of Kurds from the region.

The Orient net reported that hundreds of people in Manbij poured into the street and protested at the SDF's criminal and cruel measures against civilians.

The popular uprising in Manbij came after people found the tortured bodies of two young men in the village of Qabr Imo East of Manbij, the websites said, adding that the two were in SDF custody.

The protestors urged the SDF to leave their region.

FARSNEWS2018/1/15
Russia: US Plans to Form Border Security Force in Syria Not Helping Crisis Settlement
TEHRAN (FNA)- Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov on Monday slammed the US plan to form an army, warning that it could jeopardize Syria's territorial integrity.

"You know that this has already caused Turkey's negative reaction, I have said that for us, this causes serious questions, concerning the maintenance of Syria's territorial integrity. There is also the issue of relations between Turkey and the Kurds. This new unilateral ultimatum move does not contribute to settlement of the situation around Afrin," Lavrov said during his annual press conference, RIA Novosti reported.

"We, just like our Turkish and Iranian colleagues, and, I believe, like many others, are awaiting detailed explanations from the United States," he stressed.

Syria also slammed Washington's intention to form a 30,000-strong force inside the country with the proclaimed goal of maintaining security along its borders, and regards this move a “blatant aggression on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Syria and a flagrant violation of international law".

The so-called military coalition led by the United States in Syria is reportedly planning to set up a new large border force of up to 30,000 personnel with the aid of its militia allies in war-torn country.

The force, whose inaugural class is presently being trained, would be dispatched to the borders of the area controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), which is an alliance of militias in Northern and Eastern Syria largely dominated by the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG).

The United States' military support for the militia first began under the administration of US President Donald Trump’s predecessor, Barack Obama, which provided Kurds with weapons and training.

Washington also continues providing Kurdish fighters with more military hardware in Syria despite US President Donald Trump's promise to his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan to halt arms shipment to the Kurdish fighters.

Ankara said late November 2017 that Trump told Erdogan that he had issued instructions that weapons should not be provided to Kurdish fighters in Syria.

According to reports, the US plans to keep its troops in Syria long after the defeat of ISIL. Washington has been justifying its deployment of ground troops in Syria, which violates the embattled nation’s sovereignty, by citing the need to fight ISIL.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 23:50| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

北朝鮮が米国は南北朝鮮の交渉を阻害していると批判

FARSNEWS2018/1/15
Pyongyang Accuses Washington of Undermining Inter-Korean Talks
TEHRAN (FNA)- North Korea accused the United States of attempting to disrupt its dialogue with South Korea, the Rodong Sinmun, the official newspaper of North Korea's ruling party, wrote on Monday.

The paper said Washington is "preparing to deploy its strategic military assets around the Korean Peninsula", World News reported.

"The US is repeating its pledge not to ease sanctions and pressure until the North abandons nuclear and ballistic missile programs. It is throwing cold water on an atmosphere of reconciliation," the newspaper wrote.

The newspaper warned that North Korea has various options that can be used against Washington at an appropriate time.

The first signs of thaw were seen in relations between Pyongyang and Seoul, as representatives from North and South Koreas began direct talks in early January, in the first instance of face-to-face dialog in more than two years, as the fresh talks were being held behind closed doors at the Peace House in the Joint Security Area in the truce village of Panmunjom, at the demilitarized zone (DMZ) between the divided countries.

In a joint statement issued at the end of the meeting, Pyongyang made a “strong complaint” after Seoul proposed negotiations to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula, while North and South Korea agreed to reopen their military hotline to continue normal communications.

Pyongyang has also announced that it has plans to send a delegation to the Winter Olympics in the South Korean city of Pyeongchang to cheer on the team. North Korea has also proposed to send groups of fans, musicians, taekwondo demonstration teams and journalists to Pyeongchang.

Pyongyang had stressed that the intra-Korean talks are a “great opportunity” for unification, but warned foreign parties against compromising the talks, state-run KCNA news agency reported, commenting on a speech by North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un.

US decades-long military presence in and around the Korean Peninsula has forced Pyongyang to develop its ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons as a deterrent against Washington's aggression. The United States has thousands of troops in the region, partially in South Korea and Japan, and routinely threatens the North with military action to stop its weapons program.

Pyongyang has firmly defended its military program as a deterrent against the hostile policies of the US and its regional allies, including South Korea and Japan. North Korean officials have time and again accused their American counterparts of seeking regime change in their country.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 23:38| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

コービン 米国との関係が最重要ではない

FARSNEWS2018/1/15
UK Labour Leader: Relations with US Not ‘Most Important’
TEHRAN (FNA)- Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn questioned the value of Britain’s ‘special relationship’ with the US, suggesting Washington is not actually the UK’s ‘most important ally,’ while criticizing President Donald Trump’s ‘endless offensive remarks.’

Corbyn cast doubt on the existence of a close bond between the two states, vaunted since wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill first used the phrase “a special relationship” back in 1946. Asked Sunday whether the relationship with the US was Britain’s most important, Corbyn stressed that “No. I think there are many important relationships”, RT reported.

The others include China, India, the EU and international organizations, such as the UN, Corbyn told ITV’s Peston on Sunday show.

“I’m not sure that anyone has succeeded in defining the special relationship,” Corbyn went on, saying he was once told by a former Prime Minister “if they specified what the special relationship was, it wouldn’t be a special relationship.”

Still, he admitted Washington is “obviously culturally and economically significant and important.”

Corbyn’s remarks followed Trump’s decision to call off his planned UK trip for the opening of the new US embassy in London. The US leader tweeted the announcement, blaming his predecessor Barack Obama for making a “bad deal” on the embassy’s relocation site.

The news, however, didn’t disappoint the Labour leader, who said he was “not surprised.”

Given Trump’s latest “comments about other countries, particularly in Africa,” the US leader wouldn’t have received the warmest of welcomes and “reaction against him would be huge,” Corbyn said.

Apart from “his endless offensive remarks about women, about minorities and about different faiths,” Corbyn added that the “biggest disappointment of Donald Trump” was “his failure to support international institutions like the United Nations and like UNESCO.”

Still, the US President has got to come to the UK at “some point,” Corbyn noted.

The cancelled presidential visit is just the latest in a series of diplomatic hiccoughs that indicate a cooling in the supposed special relationship between the US and UK.

Trump and British Prime Minister Theresa May engaged in a spat towards the end of last year after Trump retweeted videos posted by the deputy leader of far-right group Britain First.

May condemned Trump’s actions, to which he responded “Don’t focus on me, focus on the destructive Radical Islamic Terrorism that is taking place within the United Kingdom.”

Prior to this, May scolded the US President for tweeting that the person responsible for a suspected terrorist attack on a London Tube train in September 2017 was “in the sights of Scotland Yard.”

The British PM also hit out at Trump’s response to August’s Charlottesville protest, where he stopped short of singling out white supremacists for causing the violence.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:53| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

シリア北部のクルドを使った米国主導国境警備部隊にトルコが反発

RT2018/1/15
Erdogan vows to crush Syrian Kurdish border Security Force being set up with US help
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has vowed to eliminate the “terrorist army” established along the Turkey-Syria border with US help. He added that a military operation against Kurdish-held Afrin may start any time.



RT2018/1/15
Turkey vows to ‘eliminate any threat’ after US announces Kurdish border force in Syria
Ankara has slammed the plan to create a 30,000-strong force from the Kurdish-dominated SDF militias on its border with Syria, accusing its NATO ally of presenting its “unilateral” move as a joint decision of the US-led coalition.

The Turkish government perceives the so-called Syrian Border Force, that may be stationed along the Kurdish-controlled parts of the Syrian border with Iraq and Turkey, as well as in the Euphrates River Valley, as a threat to its national security, the Turkish Foreign Ministry said in the statement on Sunday.

“Turkey is determined to eliminate any threats against it, and has all possibilities to do this,” it said, denouncing what it called “the persistence of the United State in this erroneous approach” of cooperating with the Kurdish militias.

The US-led coalition’s plan to set up such a force on the basis of the Syrian Democratic Force (SDF) veterans, who are set to make up half of the recruits, was unveiled by US Army Col. Thomas Veale, a spokesman for the US-led coalition, on Saturday.

However, Turkey, which is also a part of the coalition to defeat Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL), was not consulted prior to the announcement, according to the ministry. It accused Washington of misleading the public into believing the decision was taken on behalf of the coalition, while in fact the US was likely acting unilaterally.

“It is unknown what coalition members made of this decision. Explaining the unilateral steps on behalf of the coalition is an extremely wrong move that could harm the fight with Daesh [the Arabic acronym for Islamic State],” the ministry said.

Turkey has been calling on the US to withdraw its support for the Kurdish YPG units, a cornerstone of the SDF militia, as Ankara considers the YPG an extension of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), outlawed as a terrorist entity in Turkey. In November, Washington promised to wind down its support for “certain groups” fighting IS in Syria following a phone call between Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and US President Donald Trump.

US Defense Secretary James Mattis later confirmed Washington would stop arming the Kurdish militias, noting that “police forces” comprised of the local population would still be needed to “make certain that ISIS doesn’t come back.”

The creation of the thousands-strong force build on the shoulders of the SDF runs contrary to Washington’s assurances to Turkey, the ministry argued. “Continued US cooperation with the YPG [US-backed Kurdish People’s Protection Units], which is contrary to its [the US’s] own obligations, jeopardize our national security and [the] territorial integrity of Syria, and that is unacceptable,” the statement read.

The presence of the Syrian Border Force will pose a challenge to Turkey, which might eventually push it into confrontation with the US on the ground, defense analyst Ivan Eland told RT, arguing that preserving relations with NATO-ally Washington will take second place in these circumstances.

“They [Turkey] could run into even more tension with the US than they already have and their forces could run into conflict with these forces that the US is sponsoring and maybe even the US forces,” Eland said.

Given that the US officially considers PKK a foreign terrorist organization, it is “very strange” that Washington continues to support Syrian YPG units, Eland said, alleging there are indeed some close ties between the two Kurdish groups. “If they are not brother groups, they are certainly cousins,” he argued.

Although creating a brand-new SDF-dominated border force deepens Washington’s rift with Turkey, it is not on the list of its primary concerns, the analyst said.

“What the US is trying to do there is to establish some influence on the eventual settlement for Syria and to do that they want to control some territories and to do that they need to keep their allies supplied and trained.”

The presence of well-trained and armed units in the border area as part of the US military legacy in Syria, Eland noted, can become “a problem not only with Turkey, but also with the Syrian government and the Russian forces.”

The plan to establish the unit has also been condemned by Russian officials, who claimed Washington is pursuing shadowy goals in the region. “There’s a clear equivocation here, I think it’s an obvious attempt to reanimate the militants, who can flow from neighboring states, namely Iraq,” said the deputy head of the State Duma’s defense committee Yuri Shvitkin. Creating such a “force,” the official stressed, can help the Washington “to achieve their geopolitical goals, escalate tensions, and, probably, attempt to overthrow the legitimately elected president Bashar Assad.”


RT2018/1/14
‘Unacceptable’: Turkey slams US-led coalition’s new Syria ‘border force’ using Kurdish militias
The US-led coalition says it is helping to create a thousands-strong “Border Security Force” in Syria using Kurdish SDF militias. Washington's support, branded “unacceptable” by Ankara, is further straining bilateral ties.

Some 230 new recruits are already undergoing training in the “BSF’s inaugural class,” the Coalition’s Public Affairs Officer Colonel Thomas F. Veale told the Defense Post. The border force will be stationed along Kurdish-controlled parts of the Syrian border with Iraq and Turkey, as well as along the Euphrates River valley. It is estimated to reach a total strength of 30,000, according to the official.

Around half of the new unit will be comprised of Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) veterans, while the other half is being recruited. “The base of the new force is essentially a realignment of approximately 15,000 members of the SDF to a new mission in the Border Security Force as their actions against ISIS [Islamic State] draw to a close,” the Coalition’s Public Affairs Office told Reuters in an email.

The move prompted discontent from one of Washington’s key NATO allies – Turkey. The catch here is that battle-hardened Kurdish YPG units – part of the SDF – are viewed by Ankara as an extension of the “terrorist” Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). Continuous US support for the YPG has put a major strain on relations between the two states.

“The US, providing support to the PKK’s Syrian branch, PYD-YPG, on the grounds of ‘fighting ISIS,’ is taking some worrying steps to legitimize this terrorist [group] and make it lasting in the region,” Turkish presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalin said on Sunday, as quoted by NTV.

“It is absolutely not possible for this to be accepted,” the official added, stressing that Turkey “will continue its fight against any terrorist organization regardless of its name and shape within and outside its borders.”

The new border force is expected to be based on the territorial principle, as its members will “serve in areas close to their homes” in order to ensure that “the ethnic composition of the force will be relative to the areas in which they serve.” “More Kurds will serve in the areas in northern Syria,” while Arab militias will be present “along the Euphrates River Valley and along the border with Iraq to the south,” according to the Coalition.

The plan to establish the unit has been also condemned by Russian officials, who claimed Washington is pursuing shadowy goals in the region. “There’s a clear equivocation here, I think it’s an obvious attempt to reanimate the militants, who can flow from neighboring states, namely Iraq,” said the deputy head of the State Duma’s defense committee Yuri Shvitkin.

Creating such a “force” can help the Washington “to achieve their geopolitical goals, escalate tensions, and, probably, attempt to overthrow the legitimately elected president Bashar Assad,” the official stressed.

The US behavior in Syria, aimed at securing “their incomprehensible interests has already passed all the permissible limits of decency,” the defense committee’s head Vladimir Shamanov stated.

Such actions only put Ankara and Washington on a collision course, Huseyn Bagci, international relations professor at the Middle East Technical University, told RT.

“I think this is one of the biggest problems for Turkish foreign security policy now, because the Americans will not leave the area,” Bagci said. “The Turkish-American cooperation, as the two NATO partners will have a new different dimension, where Turkey and America have totally different interests.”

“The more the Americans support the Kurds and the more Turkey consider them as a national security threat, I think there will be a collapse of the interests of the two NATO countries,” he added.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 20:53| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

家族をリングから降ろした後にどうするか

2017年12月21日
このような場合は とにかくリングから降ろす それが最優先です

2017年12月25日
沖縄に被ばく回避・体調改善を狙いとした中期滞在型の太極拳教室はどうでしょう

※ mina *三菜 @applecandyred氏の2018/1/6のツイート
首都圏に残るひとも、それもまたそのひとの事情だったりする。そこでの生活を楽しんでいても、いいとおもうの。311から7年とか、もう過去は変えられないから。でもね、食べものに気をつける水を気をつける、保養する、世界基準をじぶんのなかに持っていてほしいなあって、おもうのよ。だいじにしてね。

・・・引用終わり・・・

よんたさんから保養関係の情報が寄せられています。

私は東京に妹及びその係累が住んでいますが、再々の放射能汚染への警告にぶち切られてしまい、今では関係が絶縁しています。妹のだんなは既に脳梗塞で他界。妹がこちらに来ない限りもう顔を見ることはないでしょう。せっかくこんな遠いところまで生き残り大作戦でやってきているのに、世界一放射性物質汚染の高い大都会東京へわざわざ出張る気はありません。もう会うことはないでしょう。そう言えば、大阪に住む同年代の古い友人が二人、去年今年と脳梗塞を発症しました。二人にも散々放射能の危険について話しましたが、どうも私が放射脳だそうで聞き入れてもらえませんでした。委細構わず魚、寿司など何も気にせず食べていました。ほれ見てみろ、なんて残酷なことは言えませんが、残念です。

やっぱり大阪でも確実に異変は起きていますね。その他にもかつての仕事関係の人たちに発がんや脳梗塞、気管支の異常などが多すぎます。いいかげん気づいてほしいのですが、元々の空気の悪さもあり、こんなもんだくらいの感覚しかありません。放射能の晩発障害は本当に恐ろしいな、と感じます。

ここ沖縄も食品流通による被曝は免れません。油断しているとやられます。給食の米などどうなってるのかな? 4、5年前に沖縄の学校で臨時職員として勤務したとき、私は給食を止め自前の弁当に替えましたが、子ども達は給食を食べてます。福島のまぜ米でしょうね。本当にヤバイ。スーパーでも平気で東日本産も並んでますし。ただ、選べばいくらでも地元産があるので助かりますが。無農薬無肥料の野菜も見つけられます。

沖縄近隣の離島で保養場所の話が出ています。宿泊、フェリー代は無料、食費として一日二千円、とのことです。

この離島での保養の件ですが、矢ヶアさんの関わる「つなごう命の会」のブログに紹介が既にありました。親子限定とのことです。ご参考になれば幸いです。
http://okinawahinansha.wixsite.com/houshanou-kougai/single-post/2018/01/04/%E7%89%B9%E5%88%A5%E3%81%AA%E8%89%AF%E3%81%84%E3%81%8A%E7%9F%A5%E3%82%89%E3%81%9B%E2%99%A5

これにもし参加されるということが可能な場合、ご関心によっては私のスマイルカンフー教室に参加ということも可能になりますね。ただ私がその離島に行くのは無理。往き帰りのフェリー代がかかるので。那覇にしばらく滞在という機会を持たれる方のみとなります。

私自身まだまだ自分のことで手一杯なので、それほど真剣に取り組めない部分もあります。県内での健康教室企画優先となることをご理解いただければ、と思います。

是非とも受けたい、という人は来てほしいですね。自分の教室のコンセプトには結構自信を持っているのですが、たぶん分からない人も多いのであまり宣伝してません。受けた人の中には???の人もやっぱりいましたし。一方で、散歩に行くよりずっと安全だし、分かってみれば楽しい、と言っていただける方もいます。体験してもらって実感してもらうしかないと思います。

・・・・・

岡山には格安なシェアハウスがあります。

子ども未来・愛ネットワーク
子ども未来・愛ネットワークは、自然豊かな岡山で、子どもたちを放射能から守る活動に取り組んでいます。
(フォレストハウスおかやま1はリンク切れ)

和気町安らぎの泉
「やすらぎの泉」本館ご利用案内

毎日新聞2018年1月15日 09時37分
和歌山県
県外からの移住 2年連続100世帯超す
 和歌山県や県内各市町村の進める移住誘致が好調だ。県が東京でのセミナーを開始した2015年度以降、自治体の誘致に応じて移り住んだ人は2年連続で100世帯を超え、17年度も昨年11月末現在で76世帯135人と、16年度を上回るペースだ。移住者の受け入れが地域の活性化につながるばかりでなく、住民にとっても地元の魅力を再発見するきっかけとなっている。【稲生陽】
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:58| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

愚かな親の子供は長く生きられない

※ タリスカー @c3h4o31氏の2018/1/14のツイート
健診で子どもが心臓ひっかかった話がTLに。
「うちの子、麦茶ダメで緑茶なの」って中学生のお母さんが仰るので「セシウム気をつけた方がいいですよ」って話になって、一笑されたのが数年前。それが先日会ったら「健診で不整脈って言われたの!」って。どこまで真剣に捉えるかだけど、関西難しいワ。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:25| Comment(7) | 福島原発事故

日本の核監督機関が福島第一原発の汚染水海洋放出を促す

RT2018/1/13
Japan’s nuclear watchdog urges discharge of Fukushima radioactive water into ocean
A final decision to release over a million tons of radioactive water from the crippled Fukushima plant should be made “within this year,” as its operator is running out of land to store the waste, Japan’s nuclear regulator said.

Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), the operator of the Fukushima plant, is short on time to decide what to do with some one million tons of radioactive water it has been storing in hundreds of tanks at the plant, Japan’s Nuclear Regulation Authority [NRA] Chairman Toyoshi Fuketa told the mayor of Naraha, a town near the stricken facility, on Thursday.

“We will face a new challenge if a decision [about the release] is not made within this year,” Fuketa said, as reported by Japan Today.

Toxic water at the plant is being diluted through a processing system that can remove 62 types of radioactive material except tritium, which, the NRA chairman claimed, is totally safe to the environment.

“It is scientifically clear that there will be no impact on marine products or to the environment,” Fuketa assured the mayor.

TEPCO has been constantly adding new water tanks to store the water it uses to keep the melted fuel rods cool, as well as the groundwater contaminated in the process. According to Japan’s nuclear watchdog, there are currently 650 tanks at the facility that store about one million tons of water. As of July last year there were 580 tanks and 770,000 tons of liquid.

The increase means TEPCO and the Japanese government have very little time before the capacity to hold water at the plant is overstretched. Fuketa estimates it may take an additional “two or three years” to prepare for the dumping after the decision is made.

“(TEPCO) has been building new tanks, but it will eventually run out of land,” an unnamed NRA official said, according to The Japan Times.

While both the NRA and TEPCO claim the tritium-contaminated water does not pose any risk to maritime life, local fishermen’s unions have been staunchly opposing the pending release, arguing the release of the radioactive water would stir speculation and make their work impossible.

Last July, TEPCO announced the decision was “already made” to release the tritium-contaminated water, with the company’s chairman Takashi Kawamura saying TEPCO “could have decided much earlier.” However, after facing a backlash from local fishermen, the effort has stalled without ever going ahead.

Apart from the potential massive discharge of radioactive water into the sea, the facility is slowly endangering the environment with regular leaks and groundwater contamination. Last September, TEPCO admitted that six of its indicators malfunctioned and were showing substantially higher groundwater levels than in reality. As a result, the company said the contaminated water might have been leaking into the soil for five months before it discovered the problem.

In March 2011, a massive tsunami triggered by a 9.0-magnitude earthquake caused a fuel meltdown in three of the plant’s reactors, which led to massive release of radiation. The Fukushima disaster is regarded as the most serious nuclear catastrophe since the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:59| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

Bitter pill to swallow: Why iodine tablets won’t save you from nuclear fallout

RT2018/1/14
Bitter pill to swallow: Why iodine tablets won’t save you from nuclear fallout
As Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un battle it out over the size of their nuclear buttons, attention is again turning to a common myth – that swallowing a simple pill will guard against radioactive fallout.

Iodine tablets, widely considered to offer the antidote to nuclear apocalypse, are reportedly the subject of a surge of interest in the wake of the world leaders’ recent saber-rattling.

The substance – officially called potassium iodide, with the chemical name KI – is often marketed as a ‘radiation blocking’ solution that can protect against poisoning and thyroid cancer. In reality, however, the tablets have a much more limited scope and are not even recommended as an essential part of FEMA’s emergency kit in the event of nuclear disaster.

KI only protects the thyroid, not other parts of the body, from radioactive iodine and is not recommended by the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as a remedy to nuclear fallout.

Potassium iodide also fails to keep radiation from entering the body and cannot reverse the health effects once the thyroid is damaged, the CDC states.

KI “works only to prevent the uptake of radioactive iodine into the thyroid gland. It is not a general radioprotective agent,” the FDA warns on its website.

The drug, which has a shelf life of up to seven years, protects against absorption of radioactive iodine into the thyroid – for about 24 hours. There are four FDA-approved iodide products currently available, all without a prescription.

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has a contract to purchase KI for states with nuclear reactors or those with population centers within the 10-mile emergency planning zone. It states that while evacuation is the most effective protective measure in the event of a radiological emergency, “administering KI can be a reasonable, prudent, and inexpensive supplement to in-place sheltering and evacuation.”

The CDC is hosting a session next week called ‘Public Health Response to a Nuclear Detonation.’ The agency points out that most people don’t realize that remaining in a shelter for at least 24 hours after a nuclear incident is crucial to saving lives and reducing exposure to radiation.

FEMA’s recommended emergency supply kit in the event of a nuclear disaster also doesn’t include the apparently sought-after pills. Instead it encourages people to prepare adequate water and perishable food items along with a radio, batteries, a flashlight and other basic supplies.

Following Japan’s nuclear crisis in 2011, US poison control centers received several reports of illness in people who ingested the drug out of fear of radioactive fallout in the US. Side effects of KI include skin rashes, swelling of the salivary glands, stomach upset and allergic reactions.

EU countries have different approaches to the pills, varying from pre-distributing them, to stockpiling them, to taking them entirely off the agenda.

In 2016 Belgium’s Health Minister announced plans to issue iodine tablets to its entire population as part of a revised nuclear emergency plan. The move was a response to warnings of a potential Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) dirty bomb attack.

In contrast Ireland’s Health Department said in 2015 it would not be reissuing the tablets again, even in a worst case scenario, stating their use would not be justified. The island nation previously issued the tablets to homes across the country in 2005 amid fears of a terrorist attack on UK nuclear site Sellafield.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:40| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故