ずくなしの冷や水

2017年12月19日

汚染食品の流通業者が責任を問われ補償を迫られる

毎日新聞2017年12月19日 06時30分(最終更新 12月19日 07時14分)
ノリ業者、責任認め補償開始 和歌山
 和歌山県御坊市で今年1月に起きた学校給食の集団食中毒について、のりメーカー「東海屋」(大阪市)が、自社の刻みのりが原因だったと認め、被害者への補償を始めたことが分かった。和歌山県は原因食材を特定していないが、東京都立川市の小学校で起きた集団食中毒の原因が同じ製品と断定されており、自主的に賠償責任を負うことにした。

・・・引用終わり・・・

汚染食品の流通業者が責任を問われ、補償を迫られる事例です。

刻みのりの食中毒事件、立川市ではノロウィルスが原因とされましたが、管理人は放射性物質が原因ではないかと強く疑っています。

乾燥に特に注意する刻みのりにノロウィルスがそんなについていたとは思えません。その後は食中毒は起きていないようですし。

2017年03月11日
立川の集団食中毒事件はノロウイルス? 日本産のりに赤信号

のりの生産地で放射性物質を吸収したのではないでしょうか。特にウラン系列の子孫核種を。アルファ線を出す核種なら少量でも体調悪化を起こします。

このような事例はもっと起きる可能性があります。

※  八木明々‏ @nrg34331氏の2017/12/18のツイート
我家の柿木より収穫した渋柿を干し柿にした。Csは無いに等しい。スパイクは確認できるので多分1bq/kg位であろう。インスペでγ線59カウント(60分BG引き後)。β+γ線315カウント。
甘くて美味でございました。粉がふく迄もうチョイ寝かせてようかな。
・・・引用終わり・・・

β+γ線計315カウントにγ線バックグラウンドが入っているのか不明ですが、β線が多いです。管理人が新松戸近くの道路の縁石で検出したα+β+γ線合計は250cpmでした。「β+γ線計315カウント」が315cpmとの意味であれば、干し柿表面の放射線数はそれよりも多いことになります。

八木明々‏ @nrg34331氏は、特に体調不良などは起こしておられないようですが、干し柿で体調不良を起こしたとみられる例を読者から伺っています。

ある人がホームパーティのデザートに干し柿を出してお客10人中8人が体調不良、何も起きなかった人は干し柿を食べていなかった、他の食品の摂取の有無はばらばらという事例があれば、疫学的には比較的容易に干し柿が原因と推定がつきます。

下痢したくらいならまだしも、死んだら大変ですよね。パーティの後、倒れる人が出て救急搬送したが亡くなった・・。

そんなことがないように願っています。年末年始事件が増えるでしょう。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 15:32| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

国連安保理 エルサレム首都認定撤回求める決議案否決

ロイター2017年12月19日 / 09:16
国連安保理、エルサレム首都認定撤回求める決議案否決 米が拒否権
[国連 18日 ロイター] - 国連安全保障理事会は18日、トランプ米大統領がエルサレムをイスラエルの首都に認定したことについて、撤回を求める決議案を採決したが、常任理事国である米国が拒否権を行使し、否決された。
15理事国のうち14カ国は賛成し、米国の孤立が一段と浮き彫りになった。
決議案はエジプトがまとめたもので、米国またはトランプ大統領に直接言及はしていないが、「エルサレムの状況に関する最近の決定に深い遺憾の意」を表明している。エルサレムの特性、状況、人口構成の変化を意味する決定や行為は無効で、安保理の決議に従い撤回されなければならない、としている。
ヘイリー米国連大使は否決後、「安保理で目にしたことは侮辱だ」と述べた。また米国が拒否権を行使したのは6年以上ぶりだと指摘。拒否権行使は米国の主権を守り、中東和平プロセスでの米国の役割を維持する目的で行われたとした。
イスラエルのネタニヤフ首相はフェイスブックに掲載した動画で、米国の拒否権行使に謝意を示した。
エジプト外務省は決議案の否決後、アラブ諸国が会合を開き今後の対応を協議すると明らかにした。
パレスチナ自治政府のマリキ外相は、国連の緊急特別総会の招集を求める考えを示した。



RT2017/12/18
UN Security Council to vote on outlawing Trump's Jerusalem decision
The UN Security Council is expected to vote Monday on a resolution confirming the international status of Jerusalem and outlawing any changes to it – which implies the recent US move to recognize it as the capital of Israel.

The text of the document, drafted by Egypt, which was seen by Reuters, says that “any decisions and actions which purport to have altered the character, status or demographic composition of the Holy City of Jerusalem have no legal effect, are null and void and must be rescinded in compliance with relevant resolutions of the Security Council.”

It does not specifically mention the US or its recent decision to officially recognize Jerusalem as the Israeli capital, but it implies a call on Washington to withdraw it. The text also mentions “deep regret at recent decisions concerning the status of Jerusalem.”

The one-page resolution that was circulated to the members of the UN Security Council (UNSC) on Saturday also urges all countries to refrain from establishing diplomatic missions in Jerusalem in yet another apparent message to US President Donald Trump. After he took office, the new president’s administration signaled that it could move the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, but had not fulfilled this promise to date.

The document also “demands that all states comply with Security Council resolutions regarding the Holy City of Jerusalem, and not to recognize any actions or measures contrary to those resolutions.” Back in December 2016, the UNSC adopted a resolution that explicitly said the international community “will not recognize any changes to the 4 June 1967 lines, including with regard to Jerusalem, other than those agreed by the parties through negotiations.”

The new resolution would need at least nine votes in favor out of 15 and no vetoes by any of the UNSC permanent members to be passed – which means it will likely be blocked by Washington. The US envoy to the UN, Nikki Haley, earlier hailed the US decision on Jerusalem as “the just and right thing to do.”

The draft resolution has already drawn fire from Tel Aviv. “No vote or debate will change the clear reality” that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel, the Israeli ambassador to the UN, Danny Danon, said on Saturday, as cited by Reuters.
The US initiative to recognize Jerusalem faced widespread international condemnation. The leaders of France, Germany and other European nations have all agreed that the US move was dangerous and harmful to the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. The Arab League also rejected the American decision, saying that it essentially amounted to the recognition of the illegal occupation of East Jerusalem by Israel.

On Saturday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan urged the Security Council to annul Trump’s decision. He also added that if the UNSC fails to act on the issue, Turkey would “approach relevant authorities within a legal framework.”
Speaking at an award ceremony in Istanbul, the Turkish leader also warned that if Muslims lose Jerusalem they might also lose the holy cities of Mecca and Medina someday. Earlier, China expressed its support for the establishment of an independent Palestinian state, with a capital in East Jerusalem.

The leaders of Islamic countries who gathered for an emergency summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in mid-December also called for East Jerusalem to be recognized as the capital of Palestine in response to the US move. They said that Washington’s decision de facto deprived the US of the status of mediator in the Palestinian-Israeli peace process.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 12:44| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

「このメッセージは詐欺メールの可能性があります」 確かに!

2017/12/19届いたメールにアンチウィルスソフトが警告を付しています。



「提携先企業からのお知らせメール」希望していないのですが。
とにかくリンク先をクリックさせようとする意図が強くて、クリックしたとたんウィルスが飛び込んでくる、そんなサイトと印象が似ています。

昔、「向こうずねの傷は問わない」と経営トップが発言したのは、この銀行の前身銀行の一つではなかったでしょうか。

・・・上の件とは別に次のような情報もあります・・・

※ 猫ママちゃん(アイコン変えたよ)‏ @ninasa4mam
!️今朝、初めて振り込め詐欺電話がありました。
明日は我が身、内容をほぼ漏らさず挙げます。これを参考に皆様もお気を付け下さい!
https://twitter.com/ninasa4mam/status/915155298133843968
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:39| Comment(0) | 社会・経済

数十キロ先はお隣さん お宅でも上がります

次は練馬区で空間線量率を測定しておられるGM-10@Nerima Tokyoさんの2017/12/19 午前10時現在のグラフです。
12/19の午前8時半ころに0.23μSv/hのピークが立っています。

次は、千葉県北西部の管理人自宅屋外の線量率グラフ、これもGM-10を使っています。
午前6時15分頃に28cpmのピークがあります。換算すると0.23μSv/hになります。


今日、12/19の関東南部は西風です。放射性物質が西から飛んできている、千葉県北西部のほうが先に反応しているということのようです。

どちらもピークが立った後はしばらく余波が続いています。放射性物質を含んだ大気が風に乗って流れてきている。そのため単発のピークでは終わらないということです。

管理人自宅室内に置いたRADEX ONEの測定値でも午前6時前後に0.17μSv/hのピークが立っています。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:15| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

Deadly Heart Rhythm Halted by Noninvasive Radiation Therapy

FARSNEWS2017/12/18
Deadly Heart Rhythm Halted by Noninvasive Radiation Therapy
TEHRAN (FNA)- Radiation therapy often is used to treat cancer patients. Now, doctors have shown that radiation therapy -- aimed directly at the heart -- can be used to treat patients with a life-threatening heart rhythm.

They treated five patients with irregular heart rhythms, called ventricular tachycardia, who had not responded to standard treatments. The therapy resulted in a dramatic reduction in the number of ventricular tachycardia episodes.

The patients had not responded to standard treatments and collectively experienced more than 6,500 episodes of ventricular tachycardia in the three months before they were treated with radiation therapy. In ventricular tachycardia, the heart beats exceedingly fast and its chambers often fall out of sync, interfering with blood flow and placing patients at risk of sudden cardiac death. When delivered directly to problematic areas of the heart muscle, the radiation therapy resulted in a dramatic reduction in the number of ventricular arrhythmia events in these patients, as measured by their implanted defibrillators.

An analysis of the patients' experiences is reported Dec. 14 in The New England Journal of Medicine. There have been two previous cases reported of treating ventricular tachycardia with radiation therapy, but this is the first to do so in an entirely noninvasive process, from imaging to treatment.

"As a radiation oncologist who specializes in treating lung cancer, I've spent most of my career trying to avoid irradiating the heart," said senior author Clifford G. Robinson, MD, an associate professor of radiation oncology. "But I also have been exploring new uses for stereotactic body radiation therapy that we use almost exclusively for cancer."

At the same time, cardiologist and first author Phillip S. Cuculich, MD, an associate professor of medicine, was looking for new ways to treat ventricular tachycardia in patients who did not respond to conventional treatments. Ventricular tachycardia is estimated to cause 300,000 deaths per year in the U.S. and is the leading cause of sudden cardiac death. Standard therapy includes medication and invasive procedures that involve threading a catheter through a vein into the heart and selectively burning the tissue that causes the electrical circuits of the heart to misfire.

"These patients have defibrillators implanted to act like a paramedic and save their lives if a bad heart rhythm starts up," Cuculich said. "The device recognizes a dangerous arrhythmia and can deliver a life-saving electrical shock. While it's wonderful that we can stop people from dying in that situation, the shock can be a traumatic event. Patients understand that they have just avoided death. And when this happens repetitively, often without warning, it can be devastating for patients."

Ventricular tachycardia often develops after injury to the heart, commonly following a heart attack. As the heart muscle attempts to heal, the resulting scars interrupt the proper flow of electrical impulses. Traditional catheter ablation essentially kills off the tissue that triggers the electrical misfires. But the procedure is too risky for many patients with additional medical problems, and the arrhythmia often returns after a period of time.

The five patients in the study had undergone catheter ablation procedures and their ventricular tachycardia returned, or they were unable to go through the procedure because of other high-risk medical conditions. One patient was on the waiting list for a heart transplant. Four of the patients were in their 60s; one patient was over age 80.

In the three months before treatment with noninvasive radiation therapy, the five patients together experienced more than 6,500 ventricular tachycardia events. The average number of events per patient during this time was 1,315, with a range of five to 4,312. During the first six weeks following radiation therapy, as the patients were recovering, they experienced a total of 680 episodes. In the one year the patients continued to be followed, they collectively had four events. Two patients didn't experience any episodes at all. The investigators are cautious, saying they are still monitoring for long-term side effects of radiation therapy, such as lung scarring and further damage to the heart itself. They emphasized that their use of external radiation to the heart only included very ill patients in end-stage disease who had run out of options. More research is required before doctors might consider this approach for younger, healthier patients or as a possible addition to standard therapies.

"A lot of my work is focused on reducing toxicity of radiation therapy using modern technology," Robinson said. "These patients have done quite well in the first 12 months after therapy, which is enough time to see the early toxicities. But we're continuing to monitor patients for long-term side effects."

The single dose of radiation these patients received is on par with what might be given to a patient with an early-stage lung tumor. Doctors can target such tumors with a large dose of radiation given once or up to five times.

The preparation and mapping of the anatomy and electrical circuits of the heart is time-intensive, but the treatment itself takes 10-15 minutes, the researchers said.

"A traditional catheter ablation procedure can take six hours or more and requires general anesthesia," Cuculich said. "This new process is entirely noninvasive. We take pictures of the heart with various imaging methods -- MRI, CT, PET scans. But the unique piece is the noninvasive electrical mapping called electrocardiographic imaging. This allows us to pinpoint where the arrhythmias are coming from. When we overlay the scar mapping with the electrical mapping, we get a beautiful model of heart function that lets us see not only where the arrhythmia comes from, but where it might progress.

"Based on these maps, Dr. Robinson is then able to deliver the energy entirely noninvasively," Cuculich added. "It's simply amazing to see a ventricular tachycardia patient get an ablation therapy for a few minutes and then get up off the table and walk out the door."

Electrocardiographic imaging (ECGI) was developed by co-author and Washington University biomedical engineer Yoram Rudy, PhD, the Fred Saigh Distinguished Professor of Engineering.

The radiation therapy does not take effect immediately. The number of arrhythmia events went down but did not disappear in the first six weeks after treatment, which the doctors characterize as a recovery period. After that six-week period, however, the number of events dropped to almost zero. Patients were able to slowly come off medications used to control the arrhythmia.

Of the five patients, one patient died in the first month after treatment of causes unlikely to be related to treatment. This patient, who was over age 80, had other heart conditions in addition to ventricular tachycardia. The remaining four, who are all in their 60s, are alive two years after radiation therapy. The patient on the transplant list went on to receive a new heart. One whose arrhythmia continues to be controlled also is dealing with gradual heart failure, meaning the heart muscle is weakening over time, and has received a left ventricular assist device. Two patients continue to live unassisted without ventricular tachycardia.

The researchers currently are enrolling patients in a clinical trial to further evaluate this approach and, to date, have performed the procedure on 23 patients.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 02:14| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

ISISとの3年間の戦いでイラクのセキュリティフォース35000人が死亡

FARSNEWS2017/12/18
Military Source: 35,000 Iraqi Security Forces Killed in Three-Year War Against ISIL

TEHRAN (FNA)- An Iraqi military source disclosed that over 35,000 Iraqi security men were killed during the three-year war against the ISIL terrorist group.

“The anti-ISIL war has left over 35,000 Iraqi security men killed, and another 35,000 injured,” the source, who preferred to remain unnamed, told Al-Quds Al-Arabi on Monday.

He added that the mentioned casualties included army and police personnel, al-Hashd al-Shaabi fighters and members of the Counter Terrorism Service.

“Thousands of Iraqi troops have sustained severe injures, and should travel abroad for surgeries but the government cannot do so due to the austerity policy it has recently adopted,” the source said.

“The Iraqi government should pay due regard to the victims’ families and help the injured travel abroad to undergo surgeries as soon as possible,” he pointed out.

He highlighted that the Iraqi military has lost billions of dollars in the fight against ISIL militants, who destroyed many of military equipment and warplanes in the country.

“The last war against ISIL was one of the most devastating wars in Iraq’s history as it led to the weakening of Iraqi military and destruction of the country’s infrastructure,” the source stressed.

ISIL declared a self-styled “caliphate” in Iraq and neighboring Syria in 2014, beginning a terror campaign and overrunning vast swathes in lightning attacks. Then, a government campaign was launched to retake ISIL-held regions, managing to retake all havens, most notably the city of Mosul, the group’s previously proclaimed capital.

Iraq’s Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has declared the end of military operations against the ISIL group in the Arab country.

The United Nations says nearly five million people have been displaced since ISIL militants took over large areas of Iraq in 2014.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 02:09| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ノーベル平和賞受賞者が一転ジェノサイトの責任を追及される立場に

FARSNEWS2017/12/18
UN: Myanmar Leaders Could Face Genocide Charges Against Muslims
TEHRAN (FNA)- United Nations human rights chief announced that genocide charges could be brought against Myanmar following the country’s campaign against the country's Rohingya Muslims.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra‘ad al-Hussein told the BBC that attacks on the Rohingya had been “well thought out and planned” and he had asked Myanmar’s de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi to do more to stop the military atrocities, Al-Waght reported.

Zeid has already called the campaign “a textbook example of ethnic cleansing” and asked rhetorically if anyone could rule out “elements of genocide”.

“The elements suggest you cannot rule out the possibility that acts of genocide have been committed,” he said.

“It’s very hard to establish because the thresholds are high,” he added, stressing that “But it wouldn’t surprise me in the future if the court were to make such a finding on the basis of what we see.”

Zeid underlined that Myanmar’s “flippant” response to the serious concerns of the international community made him fear the current crisis “could just be the opening phases of something much worse”.

He did not say, in the excerpts provided, which court could prosecute suspected atrocities. Myanmar is not a member of the International Criminal Court, so referral to that court could be done only by the UN Security Council.

The UN official further slammed Suu Kiye for failing to use the term “Rohingya” in reference to the country’s minority Muslims, who are viewed as immigrants from Bangladesh and denied citizenship.

“To strip their name from them is dehumanizing to the point where you begin to believe that anything is possible,” he said.

Zeid also added that he believed Myanmar’s military was emboldened by the international community’s failure to take action against an earlier wave of violence in Rakhine back in 2016.

“I suppose that they then drew a conclusion that they could continue without fear,” he stressed.

Arrangement signed by Myanmar and Bangladesh in November to start repatriating refugees within two months is viewed with deep suspicion and dread by Rohingya still traumatised by the violent expulsion from their homeland.

The Red Cross said the returns must be voluntary and safe, but rights groups added that the conditions are not in place to ensure safe, voluntary and dignified returns, and Rohingya sense danger lurking behind Myanmar’s assurances.

Aid groups have also warned Myanmar they would boycott any new camps for Rohingya returnees, saying refugees must be allowed to settle in their own homes and not forced into ghetto-like conditions.

More than 620,000 of Myanmar's Muslim minority have fled across the border to Bangladesh since late August when the Myanmar army launched a sweeping crackdown on Rohingya Muslims in Northern Rakhine state.

The Red Cross, the only international aid organisation with broad access on the ground in Rakhine, estimates that only about 300,000 Rohingya remain in the entire state.

The International Committee of the Red Cross announced that life has stopped in Rakhine state due to the fear of violence, months after a new wave of crackdown by the government erupted against the persecuted Rohingya Muslims.

Doctors Without Borders (MSF) announced that at least 6,700 Rohingya Muslims were killed in the first month of a Myanmar army crackdown in Rakhine state that began in late August.

The revelation was made as Myanmar’s army has so far denied widespread accounts of violence against the Muslim Rohingya minority and has said that only 400 people died in the first few weeks of a new wave of “security operations”.

All along, government troops and the Buddhist mobs have been killing, raping, and arbitrarily arresting members of the Muslim community. They have also been setting the houses of the Muslims on fire in hundreds of predominantly-Rohingya villages in the Northern parts of Rakhine, where nearly all the Rohingya reside.

Myanmar’s government denies full citizenship to the Rohingya, branding them illegal immigrants from Bangladesh. Dhaka, in turn, regards the desperate refugees as Myanmarese. The Rohingya, however, track their ancestors many generations back in Myanmar.

The UN has already described the Rohingya as the most persecuted community in the world, calling the situation in Rakhine similar to “a textbook example of ethnic cleansing.”

The Myanmarese government, however, denies committing atrocities against the Rohingya people and has even rejected UN criticism for its “politicization and partiality.”

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 02:04| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

US Special Operations Forces Deployed to 149 Countries in 2017

FARSNEWS2017/12/18
US Special Operations Forces Deployed to 149 Countries in 2017
TEHRAN (FNA)- US Special Operations troops, including Navy Seals and Army Green Berets, were deployed in 149 nations in 2017, a 150 percent jump from the administration of George W. Bush, and a modern record for shipping US military policy around the globe, according to new data.

"We operate and fight in every corner of the world," chief of US Special Operations Command (SOCOM) General Raymond Thomas recently boasted, Sputnik reported.

"Rather than a mere ‘break-glass-in-case-of-war' force, we are now proactively engaged across the ‘battlespace' of the Geographic Combatant Commands," Thomas enthused, adding that US forces were globally "providing key integrating and enabling capabilities to support […] campaigns and operations," cited by The Nation.

But that worldwide scope has only spread thinner the assets of a country already to seen to be too involved in the doings of other nation-states, and Capitol Hill members are growing increasingly concerned.

"We don't know exactly where we're at in the world, militarily, and what we're doing," Senator Lindsey Graham (R-SC), of the Senate Armed Services Committee in October, stated after four US Special Operations soldiers were killed in West Africa's Niger.

"Most Americans would be amazed to learn that US Special Operations Forces have been deployed to three quarters of the nations on the planet," the director of the Arms and Security Project at the Center for International Policy, William Hartung, declared, according to The Nation.

"There is little or no transparency as to what they are doing in these countries," Hartung asserted, stressing that "and whether their efforts are promoting security or provoking further tension and conflict."

Following 9/11, SOCOM "expanded the size of our force by almost 75 percent," General Thomas stated in May to the US Senate Armed Services Committee.

The global military outreach by the US shows no signs of slacking for 2018.

US President Donald Trump, following his inauguration, upped the ante by giving military commanders in conflict zones, including Yemen and Somalia, additional authority to launch attacks without seeking the permission of Pentagon brass.

SOCOM forces, in just the first six months of the Trump presidency conducted five times the number of lethal missions as were conducted during US President Barack Obama's last six months in office, according to national security expert Micah Zenko, a Whitehead Senior Fellow at the Chatham House think tank.

In just a fraction of 2017's growing list of global hotspots, US Special Forces soldiers have been killed in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Yemen and Somalia, as well as in Niger and Mali. Ongoing operations in Libya saw US Navy Seals kidnapping a suspect in the 2012 Benghazi attacks and, in the Philippines, US Special Forces have fought side by side with Manila troops in the bloody battle to recapture Marawi City after it was seized by militants earlier in the year.

The significant increase in SOCOM deployment around the world is straining not only the resources of the Pentagon, but also the ability of the US state department to do its job through diplomatic channels.

"This is a colossal mistake," Hartung stated of the rapidly expanding US global military footprint, particularly "if one is concerned about reining in the globe-spanning US military strategy of the post-9/11 era, which has caused more harm than good and done little to curb terrorism."
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 02:00| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

クルド主体のSDFからの離脱者続出

クルド主体のSDFがエフリンなどで兵士を徴用しようとして住民から反対の動きが出ています。離脱者の家を破壊する、アラブ人を最も危険な最前線に送り込むなど、事実とすればクルドのSDFの評価を改めなければなりません。SDFの動きについては、油田地帯をシリア軍と競って先に抑えようとするなどの動きがみられました。シリア北部の部族は、ロシア軍の援助を受けて自治組織を作っています。


FARSNEWS2017/12/18
Citizens Urge Army's Return to Restore Rule of Law in SDF-Held Towns
TEHRAN (FNA)- Citizens in Northern Syria have demanded the country's Army troops to return to their bases in the towns and villages that are still controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in a bid to ensure the rule of the law, a local official said on Monday.

Secretary of the National Pioneer Front and Head of Arab Authors Union Eid al-Darwish said that the residents of the SDF-held regions in Northern Syria have called for army's return to ensure security and opening of government offices in their region after a fresh wave of defections started among SDF fighters.

Al-Darwish said that the SDF members, including Arabs or Kurds, have cut off relations with the SDF and have returned to normal life.

He further said that a large number of residents in the Northern parts of Raqqa province have joined Jeish al-Ashayer affiliated to the army, adding that Jeish al-Ashayer (Army of Tribes) believes in the sole power and authority of the Syrian Army.

Al-Darwish said that eruption of clashes between the army and the SDF is unlikely because the move would end up confrontation between the US and Russia.

A large number of the Kurds that had previously cooperated with the US have defected the SDF and joined the Syrian army after they came to believe that the US had deceived them.

An Arab media outlet reported in October that rifts widened among members of the SDF as hundreds of fighters said they plan to defect the group.

The Arabic-language al-Watan daily reported that growing internal differences led hundreds of SDF gunmen in Hasaka province to plan to defect the group.

Al-Watan quoted a defected member of PYD Command, the backbone of the SDF, as saying that the SDF dispatched Arab members to the first line of clashes, where they faced with bomb-laden suicide vehicles and landmines planted by the ISIL terrorists.

The source told al-Watan that hundreds of Arab fighters were waiting for a suitable opportunity to walk away form PYD, adding that the SDF intelligence forces intensified monitoring measures, attacking on the houses of the defected members.

A number of Arab members of the SDF had previously cut relations with the Syrian Democratic Forces and left the village of al-Rawiyeh West of Ra'as al-Hossein in Hasaka for Turkey.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:56| Comment(0) | 国際・政治