ずくなしの冷や水

2017年12月31日

イランが中国に対テロ作戦の訓練で2チームを派遣 中国はテロと麻薬密輸での侵略の怖さを分かっていないのではないか

FARSNEWS2017/12/30
Iran Sends 2 Teams to China for Anti-Terrorism Training
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Deputy Interior Minister Hossein Zolfaqari announced that the country has dispatched two teams to China to be trained to confront terrorism and counterfeit identification documents.

Zolfaqari said that the teams left Iran for China last week in line with implementation of a cooperation agreement between Iran's interior ministry and China's ministry of public security.

He added that Iran has also sent three other teams to China over the past six months to become familiar with the structure of the country's police and the ministry of public security, as well as ways to fight cyber crimes and drug trafficking.

Pakistan and Afghanistan are two origins of producing and trafficking of various types of narcotic in the region.

The anti-drug squads of the Iranian Law Enforcement Police have intensified their countrywide campaign against drug-trafficking through staging long-term systematic operations since 2010.

The Iranian anti-narcotic police have always staged periodic, but short-term, operations against drug traffickers and dealers, but the latest reports - which among others indicate an improved and systematic dissemination of information - reveal that the world's most forefront and dedicated anti-narcotic force (as UN drug-campaign assessments put it) has embarked on a long-term countrywide plan to crack down on the drug trade since 7 years ago.

イラク、シリアのテロリストの中には中国語をしゃべるトルキスタン人が多数いるとされています。中国は、事態を甘く見ていたのか、これまでISISの掃討に理解を示しながらも、資本を投下したアフリカへの兵力派遣ほどには熱意をもって取り組んできませんでした。中国軍兵士がシリアに派遣されたという情報は比較的新しいものです。ISISの中では暗号代わりに中国語が使われる例もあったとされます。ISISに加わっていた中国人テロリストもイラク、シリア政府軍に押しまくられて帰国するしかなくなった者もいるでしょう。帰国した後におとなしくするか? そんなことは期待できません。



Wikipediaから


イラク、シリアの政府軍にロシア、イランが加勢して勝利を収めましたが、これでISIS、アルカイダ系のテロリストが絶滅したわけではなく、その勢力を温存しながら次のチャンスを狙っている国もあります。

アフガニスタンとパキスタンがケシの栽培と麻薬製造では世界の多くを占めます。地続きの隣の国、中国にはいつでも侵入できます。米国等の仕掛けに中国は対抗できるのか、間に合うかが注目点です。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 17:50| Comment(1) | 国際・政治

クリス・バスビーがロナルド・レーガン乗組員の訴訟戦略主任 これは手ごわいぞ

nuclear-news
The News That Matters about the Nuclear Industry
The trials and tribulations of Chris Busby. Update Video 18th June 2017

In this video Shaun McGee (aka arclight2011) interviews Prof. C.Busby to discuss the USS Ronald Reagan radiation court case (where he is the main strategist for this court case), the new child mortality findings concerning Fracking in Pennsylvania, updates on the British Nuclear Veterans appeal in the UK courts and the Re-justification of EURATOM petition on health grounds. Also, we discuss some other issues with media and activism. We also celebrate Libbe Halevy`s 6th year producing the weekly Nuclear Hotseat Podcast series.

This is a frank and honest discussion with Chris where we also discuss media and security attacks on activists, fear and concern with anti nuclear activists in challenging health effects of radiation to the public and some of Chris`s perceptions of how he is dealing with Ad Hominem attacks by the authorities.

どなたかこのバスビーの活動に関する記事のポイントを訳してくれませんか。お礼に同報メールの配信をいたします。

余計なことですが、冒頭に掲げられたバスビーの写真はひげを伸ばしていてしゃれた帽子をかぶっています。でも、胸の下あたりが汚れているのは作業の跡かな? 私と同じ食べこぼしかと見間違えた。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 14:30| Comment(2) | 福島原発事故

長者原交差点近くで工事始まる

しばらく前から長者原交差点定点カメラの画像の隅に工事予告標識のようなものが写っていました。12/10、バックホーが姿を見せています。手前から3番目の鉄塔は今日も少しかすんで見えにくくなっています。管理人の自宅から近所の集合住宅を見た場合の見通しの悪さとは違う原因だと思いたいです。



























道路舗装のやり直しだけでしょうか。走行に支障がある状態でもなかったし、なぜ今舗装工事を?











舗装工事が完了しました。舗装のやり直しは線量率低減策でもあるのでしょう。こんなに鏡のように立派に舗装する必要性は薄いです。


舗装のやり直しで最初に表面のアスファルトと骨材を削り取って除去します。それはどこに運ばれ、どのように保管され、再利用されている??












5、6号機方面のカスミ部分が大きくなっています。3番目の鉄塔がほとんど見えません。







posted by ZUKUNASHI at 09:02| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

シリアの領土にデマケーションラインがある?

RUDAW2017/12/30
US 'not concerned' about potential clashes between Assad regime forces, SDF

ERBIL, Kurdistan Region − The United States has called it a “mistake” for anyone to violate the crossing of the demarcation line that separates US-led international coalition backed partners from Bashar al-Assad loyalist forces supported by Russia, while denying that coalition partnered forces have clashed with Assad regime allies.

"Well, right now, it's a mistake if somebody does it. So it's not a warning to anybody," US Defense Secretary James Mattis said on Friday.

Mattis was asked whether Assad has been warned not to cross the demarcation line which runs roughly along the Euphrates.

"This is the demarcation line, and we've said that we will operate on one side, the Russians on the other. And we're still taking ISIS down," said Mattis. “Nothing has changed."

The Syrian Democratic Forces are the US-led Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS's primary local ground partners in Syria. An official SDF statement on December 23 said they were shelled by forces loyal to Assad on the east bank [coalition side] of the Euphrates River.

"Amid fierce battles against [ISIS] in the countryside of Deir ez-Zor, the regime and its militias tried to block the progress of the fighters by shelling," read the statement reporting "heavy weapons" shelling occurred on the east bank of the Euphrates in the Deir ez-Zor suburb of Al-Basira, according the SDF, was recently liberated.

In this area the coalition has said the line runs "roughly along the Euphrates."

Mattis denied that US-backed forces have engaged "Assad forces" crossing the demarcation line.

"It hasn't come up," said Mattis. "They're not even trying it. So I'm not concerned..."

Responding generally to a Rudaw English query on December 23, the Coalition said they have "made it clear to all parties publically and through the de-confliction line that any demonstrated hostile intent and actions of pro-regime forces toward Coalition and partner forces in Syria conducting legitimate counter-ISIS operations will not be tolerated.

Although the coalition vets Syrians of diverse backgrounds for membership in the SDF umbrella, the backbone of the force is the Kurdish-led People's Protection Units (YPG).

"The fight is still ongoing in Syria..." wrote US Special Presidential Envoy Brett McGurk in a yearly update letter to coalition partners on Friday.” SDF units are engaged in operations to remove ISIS from the Euphrates River Valley, and we anticipate these operations will continue over the first quarter of 2018."

McGurk and Mattis have both announced that "more diplomats" and contractors will be working in Syria for the "initial restoration of services."

The US has acknowledged the presence of about 2,000 US military members Syria.

While committed to the "defeat of ISIS," Mattis also separated the ISIS conflict that arose in 2014 from the Syrian civil war that began in 2011.

"Assad’s record in this civil war is pretty well known – set the conditions, in many ways, for the disarray that allowed ISIS to rise," he said.

Despite a failure to find a peaceful end to the Syrian civil war through the United Nations in Geneva or Turkey-Russia-Iran brokered talks in Astana, the US remains committed to the UN process.

"[T]his is why the diplomats in Geneva have got to get this thing resolved," Mattis urged.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 08:32| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

シリア政府がイドリブからテロリストを追放するよう住民に呼びかけ

シリア政府がイドリブからテロリストを追放するよう住民に呼びかけるビラをヘリコプターから撒きました。イドリブには各地からテロリストが集まってきています。シリア軍はこの地域のテロリストに本格的な攻撃をかける準備をしているところで、住民に蜂起を求めた形です。イドリブでは、指揮者クラスが何者かに殺害される事件が何度も起きており、テロリストの側は政府軍と住民のゲリラ的な攻撃にさらされることになり、威嚇効果は大きいです。

FARSNEWS2017/12/30
Syrian Helicopters Drop Thousands of Leaflets Calling on Residents to Expel Terrorists from Idlib
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Syrian military helicopters dropped thousands of leaflets over Idlib province, calling on residents to expel the Al-Qaeda linked Al-Nusra Front (Tahrir al-Sham Hay'at or the Levant Liberation Board) from the province.

The leaflets stated that people are suffering in Idlib because of Al-Nusra’s ongoing presence inside their areas, the AMN reported.

Furthermore, the leaflets gave examples of how the Syrian Army was able to restore schools, electricity and water in areas that were liberated from the Al-Nusra.

Recently, the Syrian Army and their allies launched a massive offensive in Southeastern Idlib that targeted the territory controlled by Al-Nusra and its allies.

Thus far, the Syrian Army has been able to capture a large chunk of territory, including the important town of Abu Dali.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:30| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

2017年12月30日

プーチンがロシアは主権国家としてのシリアを領土の一体性とともに守ると発言

FARSNEWS2017/12/30
Putin: Russia to Continue to Defend Syria
TEHRAN (FNA)- Russian President Vladimir Putin said Moscow will continue to assist Syria in protecting the country’s sovereignty.

The Kremlin said on Saturday that Putin had conveyed a congratulatory message to the Syrian head of state, Bashar al-Assad, on the occasion of the New Year, presstv reported.

In that message, Putin stressed that Russia would “continue to render every assistance to Syria in the protection of state sovereignty, unity, and territorial integrity, in the promotion of a political settlement process, as well as in efforts to restore the national economy.

Russia started delivering aerial support for Syrian military operations against rampant extremism in September 2015.

Also receiving advisory military support from Iran, the Syrian government gradually retook much of the territory that had been overrun by militants, including those of the ISIL terrorist group.

Earlier in the month, Putin ordered Russian forces in Syria to start withdrawing from the country as the ISIL had been defeated.

Moscow, however, will “permanently” retain its Humeimim airbase in Syria’s Lattakia Province as well as its naval facility in the city of Tartus in the Western part of country.

FARSNEWS2017/12/26
DM: Russia Starts Forming Permanent Groups in Syria's Bases
TEHRAN (FNA)- Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said during a conference call on Tuesday that Russia has started forming a permanent group in Syria's Tartus and Humymim.

"Last week, the supreme commander-in-chief approved the structure and staff of the main bases in Tartus and Humymim. We started forming a permanent group there," Shoigu said, RIA Novosti reported.

The statement follows Russian President Vladimir Putin's surprise visit to the Humymim airbase in December, and his order to start the withdrawal of the main part of Russian troop contingents in the region back to the places of their permanent location, with the bases in Humymim and Tartus maintaining their operation.

The minister went on by saying that the Russian armed forces are equipped with modern weapons for 59.5%, for serviceability of weapons at 94%. The anti-aircraft defense of the Humymim airbase is ensured by cutting edge S-400 system, while S-300 surface-to-air missile systems, as well as the Bastion coastal missile systems with cruise missiles, cover the Russian Navy base in Tartus.

In his previous statements, Shoigu has specified that the Russian military contingent had already begun the pullout from Syria, noting, however, that the timetable of the withdrawal would be determined by the situation on the ground.

Russia began a two-year long military campaign in Syria in late September 2015 at the request of Syrian President Bashar Assad to fight ISIL, resulting in the clearing out of more than 90 percent of Daesh-held territories, including the ancient city of Palmyra (Tadmur) in Homs province, and killing of over 54,000 terrorists.

However, Russia continues its humanitarian assistance to the war-torn country, delivering tonnes of aid and providing medical support on a daily basis.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 23:34| Comment(1) | 国際・政治

我々は何のために戦うべきなのか  Patrick Buchanan

FARSNEWS2017/12/30
What Should We Fight For?
TEHRAN (FNA)- "We will never accept Russia’s occupation and attempted annexation of Crimea," declaimed Rex Tillerson last week in Vienna.

"Crimea-related sanctions will remain in place until Russia returns full control of the peninsula to Ukraine."

Tillerson’s principled rejection of the seizure of land by military force – "never accept" – came just one day after President Trump recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and pledged to move our embassy there.

How did Israel gain title to East Jerusalem, the West Bank and Golan Heights? Invasion, occupation, colonization, annexation.

Those lands are the spoils of victory from Israel’s 1967 Six-Day War.

Is Israel being severely sanctioned like Russia? Not quite.

Her yearly US stipend is almost $4 billion, as she builds settlement after settlement on occupied land despite America’s feeble protests.

What Bibi Netanyahu just demonstrated is that, when dealing with the Americans and defending what is vital to Israel, perseverance pays off. Given time, the Americans will accept the new reality.

Like Bibi, Vladimir Putin is a nationalist. For him, the recapture of Crimea was the achievement of his presidency. For two centuries that peninsula had been home to Russia’s Black Sea Fleet and critical to her security.

Putin is not going to return Crimea to Kiev, and, eventually, we will accept this new reality as well.

For while whose flag flies over Crimea has never been crucial to us, it is to Putin. And like Israelis, Russians are resolute when it comes to taking and holding what they see as rightly theirs.

Both these conflicts reveal underlying realities that help explain America’s 21st-century long retreat. We face allies and antagonists who are more willing than are we to take risks, endure pain, persevere and fight to prevail.

This month, just days after North Korea tested a new ICBM, national security adviser H. R. McMaster declared that Trump "is committed to the total denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula."

If so, we are committed to a goal we almost surely are not going to achieve. For, short of a war that could go nuclear, Kim Jong Un is not going to yield to our demands.

For Kim, nuclear weapons are not an option.

He knows that Saddam Hussein, who had given up his WMD, was hanged after the Americans attacked. He knows the grisly fate of Moammar Gadhafi, after he invited the West into Libya to dismantle his nuclear program and disarm him of any WMD.

Kim knows that if he surrenders his nuclear weapons, he has nothing to deter the Americans should they choose to use their arsenal on his armed forces, his regime, and him.

North Korea may enter talks, but Kim will never surrender the missiles and nukes that guarantee his survival. Look for the Americans to find a way to accommodate him.

Consider, too, China’s proclaimed ownership of the South China Sea and her building on reefs and rocks in that sea, of artificial islands that are becoming air, missile and naval bases.

Hawkish voices are being raised that this is intolerable and US air and naval power must be used if necessary to force a rollback of China’s annexation and militarization of the South China Sea.

Why is this not going to happen?

While this area is regarded as vital to China, it is not to us. And while China, a littoral state that controls Hainan Island in that sea, is a legitimate claimant to many of its islets, we are claimants to none.

Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, the Philippines and Taiwan are the other claimants. But though their interests in the fishing grounds and seabed resources may be as great as China’s, none has seen fit to challenge Beijing’s hegemony.

Why should we risk war with China to validate the claims of Communist Vietnam or Rodrigo Duterte’s ruthless regime in Manila? Why should their fight become our fight?

China’s interests in the sea are as crucial to her as were US interests in the Caribbean when, a rising power in 1823, we declared the Monroe Doctrine. Over time, the world’s powers came to recognize and respect US special interests in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico.

Given the steady rise of Chinese military power, the proximity of the islets to mainland China, the relative weakness and reluctance to confront of the other claimants, China will likely become the controlling power in the South China Sea, as we came to be the predominant power in the Western Hemisphere.

What we are witnessing in Crimea, across the Middle East, in the South China Sea, on the Korean peninsula, are nations more willing than we to sacrifice and take risks, because their interests there are far greater than ours.

What America needs is a new national consensus on what is vital to us and what is not, what we are willing to fight to defend and what we are not.

For this generation of Americans is not going to risk war, indefinitely, to sustain some Beltway elite’s idea of a "rules-based new world order." After the Cold War, we entered a new world – and we need new red lines to replace the old.

By: Patrick Buchanan

Released by Information Clearing House on December 12, 2017
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 23:20| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

イスラエルは7万2千ドルの贈与でナウルから国連総会での支持を取り付けた

FARSNEWS2017/12/30
Israel Buys Nauru Island's UN Support with $72,000 Gift
TEHRAN (FNA)- Israel has reportedly gifted a sewage treatment system to Nauru two weeks before the tiny island country in the Central Pacific voted for Tel Aviv and the United States at the UN General Assembly (UNGA).

In addition to the US, the countries that opposed the resolution were Guatemala, Honduras, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau and Togo. The Israeli regime also voted against the motion.

Israel’s Ynetnews website reported on Thursday that the Foreign Ministry’s Tenders Committee had approved the purchase of a sewage treatment system for Nauru at a cost of $72,000 without a tender.

The committee said Nauru “has close friendly ties with Israel. The president of Nauru appealed to the prime minister, asking to receive aid in the form of a sewage treatment plant, which fits the unique needs of the island.”

“The cost of the deal include all additional expenses, including flights, accommodation and living expenses for the team installing the system, as well as the delivery cost, among other things,” according to Ynetnews.

Israel’s Channel 2 television network reported earlier this week that Netanyahu plans to start a fund granting $50mln to 50 developing states to “encourage them” to vote in favor of Israel at the UN.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:57| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

シリア、イラク、イランで米軍に不信高まる

FARSNEWS2017/12/29
US Army Continues to Rescue ISIL Militants Trapped in Deir Ezzur
TEHRAN (FNA)- Several military helicopters of the US-led coalition carried out another heliborne operation in Eastern Deir Ezzur to evacuate a number of ISIL members from the region to Northeastern Syria, local sources reported on Friday.

The sources said that several US helicopters that had taken off from Northern Deir Ezzur were flying over Assad Refugee Camp and later landed near the al-Basel Dam in the Southern countryside of Hasaka city.

The sources said that the helicopters were transferring a number of ISIL commanders that had asked the Syrian Democratic Forces to let them stay in the regions under their control.

The militant-affiliated news websites reported on Tuesday that the SDF imposed full control over Murad oilfield on the Eastern bank of the Euphrates River in Deir Ezzur province and the two small towns of al-Hasyan and Abu Hardoub in the region.

In the meantime, field sources said that the SDF invasion of more oilfields in Eastern Deir Ezzur has increased the possibility of direct confrontation with the army soldiers who mission is mainly capturing control over the energy-rich regions.

FARSNEWS2017/12/30
Popular Forces Warn US Army Not to Deploy in Iraq
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iraq's Kata'ib Hezbollah (Hezbollah Battalions) group warned the US military forces to leave the Arab country voluntarily or wait for dire consequences.

Kata'ib Hezbollah was quoted by al-Aba news channel as saying in a statement that Washington is attempting to deploy its military forces in Iraq again under false pretexts.

It cautioned the Americans not to think of returning to Iraq or they will be forced to leave the country.

The statement also called on the Iraqi parliament to adopt a firm position against the presence of US forces in Iraq.

In relevant remarks earlier this month, Spokesman and a senior commander of Iraq's Kata'ib Hezbollah popular forces Jafar al-Hosseini warned the US to withdraw its military men from Iraq once the ISIL is fully defeated in the country.

Al-Hosseini made the remarks in an interview with the Arabic-language al-Mayadeen news channel.

He described the American forces' presence as the biggest obstacle to Iraq's anti-terrorism fight, and called for the withdrawal of all US troops from Iraq after the ISIL will be defeated.

Elsewhere, al-Hosseini also revealed that the US, in collaboration with President of the Iraqi Kurdistan region Massoud Barzani, has aided the ISIL in Tal Afar.

"Before the start of Tal Afar operations, the ISIL members were transferred to al-Ayaziyeh region on 11 buses sent by affiliates to Massoud Barzani and key ISIL commanders fled from Tal Afar and al-Ayaziyeh to Nineveh plain in coordination with Barzani and the Americans," he added.

FARSNEWS2017/12/30
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian people in Tehran and other cities across the country underlined in resolutions issued at the end of their gatherings and rallies (held to commemorate the 8th anniversary of mass rallies held on December 30, 2009) on Saturday that they would not allow the US to stir unrests and protests in Iran.

"We invite all people to increase their insight and underline the necessity for keeping united and integrated," the resolutions said.

It also warned against any concessions, regret and accompanying with the demands of the old enemies of Iran, calling on the Iranian officials to double efforts to resolve people's economic problems, including inflation.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 22:08| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

生活苦に悩む高齢者たちが増えていく

※ nitonasuk @nitonasuk氏の2017/12/28のツイート
年金13万円、生活苦に悩む高齢者たちの実情(東洋経済オンライン) - Yahoo!ニュース https://headlines.yahoo.co.jp/article?a=20171229-00202462-toyo-bus_all … @YahooNewsTopics 13万さえもらえない、もしくは全くもらえない人々で十数年後溢れかえる。まさに貧困老人で溢れかえる。何も考えず新自由主義を受け入れた我々日本人の悲惨な末路。

・・・引用終わり・・・


posted by ZUKUNASHI at 08:29| Comment(0) | 生活防衛

ガンマだけで9μSvの津島集落はベータ込みで最低5倍の数値はあったはず







※ おゆうさん @ikarostayuu氏の2017/12/29のツイート
2011年夏に、政府はアルファ、ベータ線を計測できる線量計を売らないように圧力をかけたと聞いた。ネットから全て消えてしまっていた。1年後に在庫を放出したので買ったけど。当時ガンマだけで9μSvの津島集落は最低5倍の数値はあったはず。6月のBBCの取材で自宅も5倍の差があると判明したから。

・・・引用終わり・・・

意味わかりますか? 桑ちゃん氏の使っている測定器はアロカの製品で感度の高いものです。
γ+β線量で倍の線量が示されるというのは、γのみの場合と比較してという意味です。

管理人が馬橋駅に近いアパートの階段下で測った例では次のようになりました。この例でもβ+γはγのみの約3倍になっています。
α、β、γ計139cpm
β+γ:124cpm
γ:42cpm
β:82cpm
α:15cpm

これはMAZURを使い、コンクリート面に密着させて測定していますから弱いベータ線もある程度検出しています。

上の桑ちゃん氏の測定例は、車の中で測定しています。ですから地表に落ちたベータ線源の出すベータ線の多くは車の中のダッシュボードの辺りまでは届かないものが圧倒的に多いのです。

それでもガンマ線数と同じ程度の線量が検出されています。

つまり少なくともこの地点では、車の中まで届く強いベータ線が多いということです。

ストロンチウムやイットリウムのベータ線です。

山間の道で両側に斜面があるような場所では、ベータ線源が多いと車内に飛び込んでくるベータ線で目がしょぼしょぼすることがあると言われます。体験した人の話です。

桑ちゃん氏は、煙に言及していますから、ベータ線源が大気中を飛んできていて車のすぐ近くを流れている可能性を示唆しているように見えます。

ストロンチウムなどが飛んできているとすれば、大変危険なことです。バスビーは、海岸の近くは海水に含まれたストロンチウムが潮風に乗って流れて来るので海岸から1km以上離れろと助言しています。

菅元首相が福島第一原発沖で海水を採取した際にキャビンにいた人まで日焼けしたというのは、ベータ線の影響と考えればありうることですし、大変危険なことをしていたということになります。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:12| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

2017年12月29日

イスラエルに関する国連総会決議投票とアメリカ Finian Cunningham

次の記事は、有益です。

RT2017/12/22
Washington’s humiliation at UN is sign of a washed-up superpower
Finian Cunningham (born 1963)
The humiliating condemnation of the US this week at the UN General Assembly over its Jerusalem policy revealed both Washington’s contempt for democracy and international law, and just how isolated America has become globally.

The overwhelming rejection of President Trump’s declaration of Jerusalem as the Israeli capital by 128 member nations at the UN is a signal event of how far US international standing has slumped.

Leader of the free world? More like a miscreant whose overbearing megalomaniacal ego is no longer tolerable to virtually everyone else.

Even close US allies among the NATO military alliance voted against Washington’s position. Britain, France, and Germany joined with other international powers, Russia, China, Japan, South Korea, India, and Brazil, to repudiate Trump’s decision taken earlier this month to recognize Jerusalem.

n the end, only seven marginal states (no disrespect meant) voted with the US and Israel: Guatemala, Honduras, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, and Togo. Another 35 nations chose to abstain, including Canada and Australia, which would typically openly back America’s Mideast policies.

The outcome was in spite of shameless arm-twisting by the US ahead of the General Assembly vote, when President Trump threatened to cut off financial aid to nations going against American policy.

The day before the UN vote Thursday, Trump said: “They take hundreds of millions of dollars and even billions of dollars, and then they vote against us. Well, we’re watching those votes. Let them vote against us. We’ll save a lot. We don’t care.”

In what has become a sulking mantra of Trump’s White House, he added: “We’re not going to be taken advantage of anymore.”
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Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan コピーライトマーク Depo Photos / Global Look Press ‘Mr. Trump, you can’t buy Turkey’s democratic will’ – Erdogan on Jerusalem UN vote

Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan – another key NATO ally – denounced Washington’s attempt at bribery, saying the US was trying to “buy votes.” He called on all countries to not sell democratic rights for “petty dollars” and for them to uphold past UN resolutions designating the status of Jerusalem as a matter to be resolved through Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiations.

Trump’s unilateral recognition on December 6 of Jerusalem as the Israeli capital overturned decades of international consensus, as well as Washington’s own stated policy of brokering a historic compromise between the Israelis and Palestinians.
The abrupt change in official US policy has provoked particular consternation among Arab and Muslim nations who together comprise nearly a quarter of the world’s population.

The General Assembly’s resolution this week is non-binding, meaning it has no mandatory legal power and therefore is largely symbolic. Nevertheless, the symbolism speaks volumes of changing times where the US has fallen spectacularly from grace in the eyes of the world.

The US declared truculently before the vote that it did not care and it would ignore the result come what may. Israeli premier Benjamin Netanyahu lavished praise on the US for its support and dismissed the UN resolution as “preposterous.”

Earlier in the week, on Monday, a draft resolution also rejecting Trump’s Jerusalem declaration was put to the UN Security Council and was approved by 14 sitting members. But American ambassador Nikki Haley cast her country’s veto to quash that resolution, which would have been legally binding.

Haley’s remarks to the General Assembly before Thursday’s vote highlighted Washington’s brazen contempt for democratic rights. In sinister tones, she warned that the US “was taking note of names” and reiterated Trump’s threats of taking retaliatory measures by cutting off financial aid. If looks could kill, Haley’s demeanor was armed and dangerous.

The American envoy also displayed a twisted logic that was as arrogant as it was flawed. She rebuked all nations for “attacking” the US “sovereign right” to nominate Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. The fact is, it is the US which has attacked international consensus and UN resolutions regarding Jerusalem’s neutral status.

Haley also claimed the “will of the American people” was being assaulted by the UN. Her claim is not backed up by any polls. Indeed one recent poll conducted in November, just before Trump made his announcement, shows a big majority – 63 percent – of the American public are against any such move to recognize Jerusalem as the undivided Israeli capital.

So, if anything, it is Haley and the Trump administration that is snubbing the “will of the American people.”

For decades the Palestinian-Israeli conflict has galvanized world opinion more than any other issue. The preponderance of UN resolutions shows an international consensus in favor of recognizing Palestinian national rights. Yet, the United States this week slammed the UN for being biased against Israel.

What the US doesn’t seem to recognize is that the consensus at the UN is a reflection of international democracy. Washington’s disdain toward majority world opinion shows its underlying contempt for democratic principles and international law. The official American attitude is: if you don’t support our position, no matter how questionable that position, then your opinion is not valid.

However, this week shows how much Washington’s moral authority has deteriorated. Even among allies and foes, there was a common position of rejecting Washington’s unilateralism. Saudi Arabia and the Sunni Arab Gulf states lined up with arch-enemies Iran and Syria to reject the US position on Jerusalem.

Nations that are large recipients of US development aid were not cowered by threats of financial punishment: Afghanistan, Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan joined with poor African countries, Ethiopia, Kenya and Niger, among others, to repudiate Washington. Yemen, war-torn and famine-stricken, also cast its vote against the US.
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US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley addresses a UN Security Council meeting in New York. コピーライトマーク Brendan McDermid Washington isolated, so it’s resorting to threats – Ankara before UN General Assembly meeting

The overwhelming rejection by the General Assembly of American policy not only shows how out of line Washington is. It also shows an increasing number of states are willing to openly defy Washington’s bully tactics.

Ironically, President Trump earlier this week declared in his newly published National Security Strategy: “America is again leading the world.”

His signature on the portentous document testified: “Our founding principles have made the United States of America among the greatest forces for good in history… Around the world, nations and individuals admire what America stands for. We treat people equally and value and uphold the rule of law.”

Such lofty claims seem to be only true in the febrile imagination of American officialdom.
In reality, America’s virtuous pretensions are seen increasingly to be a ridiculous sham, flagrantly contradicted by its boorish, thuggish behavior.

There was a time perhaps when the US could command global leadership. That self-declared global authority was always over-rated, but there was a veneer of plausible appearance and credibility in Washington’s claims.

Now, Washington sounds like a pathetic, deluded narcissist, exposed by its own blatant contempt for the very principles it espouses to uphold: democratic rights, free speech, the rule of law.

This week at the UN General Assembly, the United States is no longer a world leader. It is more like a rogue state whose delusional greatness is belied by sordid acts of bribery, bullying, and intimidation. A tyrant whose time is over.

Most telling is that Washington’s threats of intimidation and “name taking” no longer have power. The threats are seen as just more bluffing and puffing by a washed-up superpower.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 20:51| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

アップルが集団訴訟に直面し 説明不足を謝罪し電池価格を引き下げ

毎日新聞2017年12月29日 11時31分(最終更新 12月29日 12時22分)アップル
旧機種の速度低下謝罪 電池交換費用引き下げへ
 米アップルは28日、スマートフォン「iPhone(アイフォーン)」の旧機種で基本ソフト(OS)を更新すると、動作が遅くなるケースがあることを謝罪する声明を出した。対応策として、全世界で2018年の1月下旬から12月まで旧機種の電池交換費用を引き下げると発表した。
 この問題を巡っては、アップルが意図的な動作減速で新機種への買い替えを促しているとの見方も出ていたが、アップルは電池の劣化による不具合を避けるためだと説明している。
 電池交換の対象は14年9月発売のアイフォーン6以降の機種。

RT2017/12/29
Apple apologizes for ‘misunderstanding’ over slowing down older iPhones
Following a strong backlash for conceding they reduced the processing speed of aging iPhones, Apple apologized to customers and lowered the price of the out-of-warranty battery replacements by $50.

The tech giant is currently facing nine lawsuits in relation to how the company handles the power management of its batteries in older iPhones.

In response, the company sent a letter to customers Thursday, attempting to clear up what it said were some “misunderstandings” about the issue.

“We’ve been hearing feedback from our customers about the way we handle performance for iPhones with older batteries and how we have communicated that process,” Apple said. “We know that some of you feel Apple has let you down. We apologize. There’s been a lot of misunderstanding about this issue.”

The company added they have never, and would never, do “anything to intentionally shorten the life of any Apple product, or degrade the user experience to drive customer upgrades.”

“Our goal has always been to create products that our customers love, and making iPhones last as long as possible is an important part of that,” the letter continued.

Apple went on to explain that the rechargeable batteries in older iPhones are “consumable components,” which become less effective through a “chemical aging process.” The company said the aging process, as well as the way the device is used, are the only reasons that the batteries ability to hold a charge diminishes.

“These are characteristics of battery chemistry, common to lithium-ion batteries across the industry,” the company said.

The multinational tech behemoth advised customers to replace their old batteries with new ones, promising to reduce the price of an out-of-warranty battery replacement for an iPhone 6 or later from $79 to $29 starting late January. The deal would be ongoing through December 2018, it added.

In addition, Apple said it would issue an iOS (operating system) update with a feature that will afford users the ability to see if the condition of their batteries are affecting the performance of their iPhones.

The backlash against the California-headquartered concern began when a Reddit user posted a report earlier this month, detailing how the performance of their old iPhone increased dramatically after the battery was replaced. The post quickly went viral and many followed suit, complaining about the same issue. Many others have speculated that Apple was engaging in planned obsolescence to boost sales of newer iPhone models.

However, when Geekbench developer John Poole conducted several benchmark tests last week, he discovered that Apple was throttling the performance of older iPhones in order to preserve the life of the battery and avoid unexpected shutdowns as the power source degrades.

Poole found that the iOS 11.2 update, which was released in January, was retarding older iPhones.

Last week, Apple issued a statement to TechCrunch, admitting that the year-old update was the cause of the problem. However, the company said they only released the update in order to fix a bug that caused older phones to unexpectedly shut down when they were in cold conditions, had low battery charge, or as they aged over time.

Under these conditions, the old iPhones were hitting “peaks” of processing power, which made the devices shut down in order to protect their electronic components. Owners who experienced these shutdowns were unable to turn on their phones until they plugged them into a power source.

In their statement, Apple said that the iOS was released to “smooth out the instantaneous peaks only when needed to prevent the device from unexpectedly shutting down.”

After the update was released, Apple told TechCrunch the update reduced the unexpected shutdowns on iPhone 6s by 80 percent and 70 percent on other iPhone 6 devices.

In an article linked in the apology letter, Apple explained the update’s “only intent is to prevent unexpected shutdowns so that the iPhone can still be used.”

The “power management” feature included in the update checks the device’s temperature, battery state of charge, and the battery’s impedance, and “dynamically manage the maximum performance of some system components, such as the CPU and GPU in order to prevent unexpected shutdowns.”

“As a result, the device workloads will self-balance, allowing a smoother distribution of system tasks, rather than larger, quick spikes of performance all at once,” Apple said. “In some cases, a user may not notice any differences in daily device performance. The level of perceived change depends on how much power management is required for a particular device.”
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 16:55| Comment(0) | デジタル・インターネット

イスラエル農相呼びかけの雨ごいの祈りに数千人が参加

RT2017/12/28
1,000s join Israeli agriculture minister in mass prayer for rain in Jerusalem (VIDEO)
At least 2,500 people have turned up at a mass prayer at the Western Wall following calls by Israel's agriculture minister seeking divine intervention to end the drought plaguing the country for a fifth straight year.

Farmers, the president of Israel's Farmers Union as well as the country’s highest religious authorities, represented by chief rabbis David Lau and Yitzhak Yosef, were in attendance.

Israel's Agricultural Minister, Uri Ariel, who hails from the Ultra Orthodox Jewish Home party, stated last week that a prayer service would be performed “alongside the preparations for a year of drought and for the sake of rain,” as all other more conventional steps taken by the government have, so far, been futile.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 14:04| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

American shortsighted policies could lead to ISIS regrouping

RT2017/12/28
US might turn against ‘Shia Axis in Syria’ in post-ISIS phase
American shortsighted policies could lead to ISIS regrouping, allowing the US to focus on countering Iran, Syrian Army, Hezbollah, even possibly the Russian military in Syria by proxy, says contributor to Al-Monitor, Ali Rizk.

The US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) told RT that thousands of ISIS terrorists and their families were allowed to leave Raqqa shortly before the city was recaptured. Earlier, it was reported the deal with Islamic State was agreed with the knowledge of the US-led coalition. The deal allowed hundreds of ISIS militants to escape deeper into Syria, while others reportedly made their way to Turkey.

RT: Do you think it was the right decision to allow Islamic State fighters to leave Raqqa?

Ali Rizk: It wasn’t the correct decision. It might also have been a deliberate America-led decision. This isn’t the first time we hear stories of such an essence. The head of Russia’s General Staff [Valery Gerasimov] recently made statements in the same direction, saying the Americans were actually training or providing forms of assistance to ISIS. I think you have to put this within the framework of the aftermath of ISIS. We all know that ISIS is losing ground, it is basically on the verge of defeat in Syria, already defeated in Iraq. So, the fact that it is on the verge of defeat in Syria, I think what the Trump administration might be doing, is preparing for the post-ISIS phase. What I meant to say is putting together, maybe a new group, not ISIS, but a new group which “includes” former ISIS fighters to take on the Syrian Army and its allies, first and foremost Iran. Because the Trump administration and also Trump’s close ally Israel premier Benjamin Netanyahu, they have spoken of the necessity to counter the Iranian presence in Syria. I think that this latest piece of news is very closely linked to the Trump’s strategy and to Israeli strategy of escalating against Iran in Syria, also against Hezbollah and what they call the Shia axis in Syria.

I believe this undermines the claim of the US that it is fighting terrorism and gives credit to the accusations that the US is using terrorism as a tool to achieve geopolitical objectives in the Middle East... [Terrorists] could regroup and maybe they could even adopt a different name this time because ISIS is a splinter of the Wahhabi forces of Al-Qaeda that were fighting, for example, in Afghanistan and later in Iraq and they were trained and financed and used by the US and Saudi Arabia. These members of ISIS could disband and regroup under another banner, this time it could be more appealing to the Western and American rhetoric of democracy, human right and establishing democratic Syria. - Dr. Jamal Wakeem, professor of history and international relations at Lebanese University in Beirut

RT: Could this deal allow ISIS to regroup and take back control of parts of Syria?

AR: Of course, we’ve become accustomed to shortsighted American policies. The best example is Afghanistan. We also [know] how the Americans during the Reagan administration provided all forms of assistance to what they called the mujahedin in Afghanistan and look what that led to, it led in the end to 9/11, it backfired against the Americans themselves. But I don’t think the Americans ever learned the lesson. Despite the fact that they have fallen time and again to terrorist attacks, they continue with these shortsighted policies. Yes, it could lead to ISIS regrouping, it could lead to all kinds of different havoc or chaos. But this is basically the result of these US policies that we’ve got used to. And I don’t see that the Americans will learn their lesson anytime soon, despite the fact that these mistakes are accumulating...

In the post-ISIS phase in Syria, we’ve entered a new stage whereby the US will focus efforts on countering Iran, on countering Syrian Army, Hezbollah, possibly countering by proxy the Russian military in Syria as well.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 03:13| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ロシアのパイロットは米軍戦闘機を追尾する位置に付くことが多かったらしい

RT2017/12/28
‘We were on their tail, which means victory in dogfight’ – Russian pilot on coalition jets in Syria
Russian pilots always managed to get behind US-led coalition fighter jets they encountered in the skies over Syria, a Russian ace said after receiving a state award from President Putin at the Kremlin.

“When meeting our partners from the Western coalition in the air, we always found ourselves ‘on their tails’ as the pilots say, which means victory in a dogfight,” Russian Airspace Forces major, Maksim Makolin, said.

The so-called ‘lag pursuit’ when the nose of an attacking plane points at the tail of the opponent’s aircraft is considered the optimum location in an aerial fight. It allows the plane at the back a range of options, from increasing or maintaining range without overshooting to freely attacking, all the while remaining concealed in the blind spot behind the defending aircraft.

Makolin became one of the 14,000 Russian servicemen who received state decorations for their courage and professionalism during the two-year-long Russian campaign in Syria. “This order reflects a lot of hard work during missions in the Syrian air. I think I fully avenged the Hero of Russia lieutenant colonel Oleg Peshkov, and all the others who didn’t return from Syria,” the ace said.

Peshkov’s Su-24 bomber was downed by the Turkish Air Force on November 24, 2015. The pilot managed to eject from the burning plane, but was shot dead by machine-gun fire from the terrorists in Syria during his decent. Ankara said the Russian plane was attacked due to violating Turkish airspace, but Moscow denies the claim.

The Russian air campaign in support of anti-terrorist efforts by the Syrian authorities lasted from September 2015 to December 2017. Despite calling the fight against terrorism its priority task in Syria, the planes of the US-led coalition frequently attempted to prevent the Russian aviators from carrying out their missions and targeting specific militant targets in country, according to the Russian military.

The incidents in the air occurred despite a special de-confliction line established between Russian and US forces in Syria. However, the Defense Ministry said that the communications weren’t bringing the desired results due to the reluctance of the US to share its plans for air combat operations.

In one of the latest episodes, a Russian Su-35S fighter jet was scrambled to chase away a rogue US F-22 fighter which, the Russian Defense Ministry said, performed “dangerous maneuvers” near Russian bombers about to hit an Islamic State (IS, former ISIS) base to the west of the Euphrates on November 23.

At the award ceremony at the Kremlin, which was attended by around 600 Russian servicemen, Putin said that the country’s military “has executed its task in Syria with flying colors.” The President also proposed a moment of silence for the Russian servicemen, who lost their lives during the Syrian campaign.

“We will always remember our comrades who fell while performing their combat duties. They died defending Russia… a young generation of officers and soldiers will be brought up on their example,” he said. According to calculations, released by Tass in October, 39 Russian servicemen were killed during the Syrian operation.

Russia got involved in Syria at the request of the country’s President Bashar Assad, playing a vital role in the defeat of IS, Jabhat al-Nusra and other terror groups in the country. According to the Defense Ministry, around 60,000 militants were eliminated during the operation. In mid-December, Putin visited Russia’s Khmeimim Airbase in Syria to announce the withdrawal of the Russian troops from the country.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 02:56| Comment(4) | 国際・政治

unimpeded ISIS exodus from Raqqa

RT2017/12/28
Fighters from US-backed SDF describe unimpeded ISIS exodus from Raqqa on their watch
The US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have provided RT’s Ruptly video service with footage confirming reports of a hundreds-strong Islamic State convoy leaving its former stronghold, Raqqa, completely unimpeded.

RT’s Ruptly video news agency has spoken with SDF fighters in Syria, who confirmed for the first time that Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) militants freely left Raqqa in what was previously described by a BBC investigative report as an IS “exodus.” The SDF fighters were on watch when they witnessed and filmed heavy trucks, buses and cars carrying IS militants from the liberated city.

“We saw them with our own eyes. I was on shift at the grain containers turnabout when IS were leaving. There were many of them, we were not afraid of them,” one SDF fighter told Ruptly in late November. He showed the footage featuring the convoy on his mobile phone, saying that he had recorded it and kept it.

“I saw IS, they left with locomotives and buses, they took their luggage and headed towards Rumelan,” another SDF fighter said. “They carried on till Deir [ez-Zor]. I don’t know where they headed to after that, whether to Abu-Kamal or to Mayadeen, they took that road."

He added there were about 1,000 injured IS fighters and about 2,000 who seemed unhurt.

In November, the BBC reported that a “secret deal” between the US and British-led coalition and the Kurdish forces allowed hundreds of IS terrorists to leave Raqqa peacefully in a long convoy comprised of up to 50 trucks, more than a dozen buses and around 100 other vehicles. Initially neither the coalition nor the Kurdish forces admitted their part in giving free passage to the terrorists. However, Col Ryan Dillon, spokesman for Operation Inherent Resolve, later said the deal was never a secret, confirming Washington accepted the agreement.

The Syrian city of Raqqa, once the de facto IS capital, came under the control of the SDF on October 20, following four months of heavy fighting. What was left of the city was described as “hell on Earth” due to the scale of destruction.

The liberation also came at an extremely heavy price for civilians, with at least 1,800 casualties, according to Airwars, a journalist-led transparency project.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 02:45| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ガテマラがエルサレムへの大使館移転表明でムスリムからボイコットをくう

FARSNEWS2017/12/28
PLO: Guatemala Faces Arab, Muslim Boycott after Jerusalem Announcement
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) said Wednesday that Guatemala could soon face a cardamom boycott from Arab and Muslim countries.

“We’ll be conducting an overall assessment of all our alliances, and will evaluate our relations based on mutual interests, with a clear eye as to who is genuinely supporting the cause of peace in Palestine and who is against our national interests,” Anees Sweidan, head of external relations at the PLO, told Arab News.

According to the PLO, Guatemala exports annually $300 million worth of cardamom to Arab and Muslim-majority countries.

The Guatemala Export Association sent a letter to the Foreign Ministry calling on the president to rescind his Jerusalem decision, according to the PLO.

The PLO has urged the Arab League to initiate an economic boycott against every country that moves its embassy to Jerusalem.

Former Guatemalan Vice President Edward Stein has warned of the negative repercussions of a boycott on some 45,000 cardamom farmers in his country.

Guatemala’s President Jimmy Morales has announced that the Central American country will move its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem, becoming the first country to follow the lead of US President Donald Trump in ordering the change.

Guatemala was one of nine countries that voted with the United States and Israel when the UN general assembly overwhelmingly adopted a non-binding resolution denouncing Washington’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

No other country has their embassy for Israel in Jerusalem, though the Czech Republic has said it is considering such a move.

US President announced early December that Washington would be recognizing Jerusalem al-Quds as Israel’s capital, stressing that the United States would relocate the embassy in the occupied lands from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem al-Quds.

The move was hailed by Israel but condemned by the rest of the international community as one which undermines the peace talks.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 02:05| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ボコハラムが数十人の子供に自爆攻撃を強いる

FARSNEWS2017/12/28
Boko Haram Forced Tens of Children into Suicide Bombings
TEHRAN (FNA)- UNICEF on Thursday warned of an alarming surge in the number of children being used in conflict zones around the world as parties to conflicts ignore international laws designed to protect the most vulnerable.

The UN body said in a statement that in Northern Nigeria and Cameroon, Boko Haram had forced at least 135 children to act as suicide bombers in 2017, almost five times the number in 2016, Anadolu Agency reported.

''In conflicts around the world, children have become frontline targets, used as human shields, killed, maimed and recruited to fight. Rape, forced marriage, abduction and enslavement have become standard tactics in conflicts from Iraq, Syria and Yemen, to Nigeria, South Sudan and Myanmar,'' the statement added.

Boko Haram has been blamed for more than 20,000 deaths during its eight-year insurgency, which has spilled over into neighbouring countries and created a vast humanitarian crisis with millions displaced and hungry.

Thousands have been killed and hundreds of thousands have been displaced as a result of eight years of Boko Haram militancy, which has also affected Nigeria’s neighbors, including Niger, Cameroon, and Chad.

President Muhammadu Buhari’s administration has claimed the group has technically been defeated as a result of a massive operation that began in early 2015, but the latest attacks shows the group’s continued ability to stage hit-and-run raids.

However, civilians and security forces in Northern Nigeria are still targeted in sporadic attacks, while the government warned that the group can still attack civilians at soft targets such as mosques, markets, and camps for displaced people.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:51| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

シリアの戦闘機撃墜は米国製ミサイルを使用して行われた

FARSNEWS2017/12/28
Russia: Syrian Fighter Jet Targeted by Al-Nusra's US-Made Missile
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Russian defense ministry revealed on Thursday that the Syrian army's fighter jet was shot down by al-Nusra Front (Tahrir al-Sham Hay'at or the Levant Liberation Board) militants in Hama province, using an American missile.

The Arabic-language al-Hadath news website quoted Alexander Ivanov, the spokesman of Russia's airbase at Humeimim, as saying that al-Nusra has used a US-made missile to bring down the Syrian fighter jet on Tuesday.

The al-Nusra's possession of US-made weapons indicates that Washington is supplying the terrorist group with different aid with the aim of preventing reestablishment of stability in Syria, he added.

A Syrian military jet was shot down by militants in Hama province, the Syrian state broadcaster confirmed, adding that a pilot was killed in the attack.

“The military aircraft crashed in the vicinity of Hama after it was shot down by terrorists; the pilot was killed,” the Syrian state-run SANA news agency quoted a source as saying. The plane, identified as a L-39 Albatros jet trainer, was shot down by terrorists' anti-aircraft machineguns, a source within the Syrian opposition told Al-Masdar news.

It was not immediately clear which militant group was responsible for the attack, but the so-called Free Idlib Army, an offshoot of the Free Syrian Army, claimed responsibility on social media and in a statement to Turkish Anadolu news agency. Reuters also reported that Al-Nusra Front, an Al-Qaeda affiliate in Syria, had also claimed responsibility.

A video later emerged, purportedly showing the aircraft pilot’s dead body lying in the back of a truck, with blood around his neck. The footage appears to show a body surrounded by a group of armed men, who are described in the Telegram channel Directorate 4 as members of Jeish al-Nukhba, a militant group based in Idlib and Hama.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:39| Comment(0) | 国際・政治