イラクの米国離れが進むか ロシアがテロとの戦いで支援の用意と

Russia ready to support Iraq in war against ISIS: diplomat

Moscow is ready to continue providing assistance to the Iraqi authorities in their fight against the Islamic State terror group (outlawed in Russia), Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Gennady Gatilov said.

“We are confident that the ISIL [the former name of the IS – TASS] terrorists’ crimes should not remain unpunished, no matter where they are committed,” Gatilov said at a meeting of the UN Security Council, during which a resolution on investigating into the Islamic State’s crimes in Iraq was passed.

“We welcome the success that the Iraqi armed forces have achieved in the fight against the ISIL, as well as steps to restore the country’s sovereignty,” the senior Russian diplomat pointed out. “We are ready to continue providing political and practical support to the Iraqi leadership,” he added.

The new UN Security Council’s resolution stipulates that UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres should establish an investigative team to help Iraq’s authorities investigate into the crimes committed by IS militants and bring them to justice.

Experts are expected to collect and preserve evidence concerning war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity. The group that will comprise Iraqi lawyers and criminalists, as well as international experts, is expected to be active for two years. A special adviser to the UN secretary general will lead the group’s work.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 20:17| Comment(0) | 国際・政治




posted by ZUKUNASHI at 15:13| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故






Konashenkov said Moscow suspected the SDF of colluding with the terrorist group Islamic State in Deir ez-Zor rather than fighting it






Direct Confrontation Growing More Likely between Syrian Troops, US-Backed SDF in Deir Ezzur
TEHRAN (FNA)- Local sources reported on Friday that the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have moved towards the Northern countryside of Deir Ezzur city, intensifying the possibility of direct confrontation with the Syrian Army troops deployed in the region.

The sources said that the SDF and the US-led coalition forces have moved towards North of Deir Ezzur, intending to seize control over the energy fields in the region, including Koniko gas field, to further approach the Syrian Army positions.

The sources further said that the army units have advanced against ISIL towards Koniko gas field and al-Azbeh oilfield near the town of Khusham, adding that other units of the army men have advanced towards al-Salehiyeh region that is a gate to the Northern neighborhoods of Deir Ezzur to block the way of the SDF fighters that have advanced 7km in Northern countryside of the city via al-Ma'amel road.

They went on to say that the army's advances in the region force the SDF to set up two more flanks to advance towards the town of Mahimideh West of Deir Ezzur and towards the town of Khusham in Eastern Deir Ezzur to lay siege on the Syrian soldiers in the newly-seized regions.

If the SDF's plan is materialized, possibility of direct confrontation between the SDF and the Syrian army men will increase because their distance from each other will narrow down to less than 3km in the Northeastern countryside of Deir Ezzur city.

Moscow on Thursday warned the US that if US-backed groups in Northeast Syria again attack positions of Syrian pro-government forces backed by Russia, the Russian military would use all its force to retaliate.

The troops of the SDF, a group that receives support from the US military, twice attacked positions of the Syrian Arab Army in the Deir Ezzur province with mortar and rocket fire, according to the Russian Defense Ministry's spokesman, Major General Igor Konashenkov.

Meantime, the Syrian army and popular forces continued their military advances in other parts of Syria, including Deir Ezzur.

Deir Ezzur

Konashenkov said, “Russia unequivocally told the commanders of US forces in Al Udeid Airbase (Qatar) that it will not tolerate any shelling from the areas where the SDF are stationed."

He further added that the attacks put at risk Russian military advisers embedded with Syrian government troops.

“Fire from positions in regions controlled by the SDF will be suppressed by all means necessary,” he stressed.

Konashenkov said Moscow suspected the SDF of colluding with the terrorist group ISIL in Deir Ezzur rather than fighting it, as it claims to be. He said Russia had detected the transfer of SDF militants from the ISIL stronghold of Raqqa, to join forces with the terrorists.

“SDF militants work to the same objectives as ISIL terrorists. Russian drones and intelligence have not recorded any confrontations between ISIL and the ‘third force,’ the SDF,” the Russian general said.

The statement said that the siege of Raqqa by the SDF was halted, apparently in response to the latest advances by Syrian government forces in Deir Ezzur, which was located to the East from Raqqa along the Euphrates River.

“The Central parts of the former ISIL capital, which account for roughly 25 percent of the city, remain under full control of the terrorists,” Konashenkov remarked.

According to the statement, the Syrian government troops “continued their offensive operation” to destroy the last “ISIL bridgehead” near the city of Deir Ezzur, the provincial capital. Troops led by Syrian Army General Suheil al-Hassan liberated around 16 sq/km of territory and two settlements on the Western bank of the Euphrates River.

“More than 85 percent of Deir Ezzur territory is under the full control of Syrian troops. Over the next week the city will be liberated completely,” Konashenkov said.

The city of Deir Ezzur in Eastern Syria was besieged by ISIL in 2014. Syrian government forces lifted the blockade of the city in early September.

However, the liberation of Deir Ezzur also triggered a confrontation between Syrian government forces and the US-backed SDF militants, the point of contention being control of Deir Ezzur's oil fields.

Following Damascus’s strategic victory, food, medicine and other essentials started to reach the city by convoy, where previously the inhabitants had to rely on air-drops.

US-led coalition vows to avoid incidents with Russian military in Syria
The US-led coalition will continue to maintain contact with the Russian military in Syria to prevent any conflicts between the two sides in the course of the fight against Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL), a coalition official said.

The US-led coalition will continue to keep in contact with Russia to prevent conflicts in Syria, Colonel Ryan Dillon, a spokesman of the Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve (CJTF-OIR), said during a briefing.

He went on to say that representatives of the Russian forces in Syria and those of the US-led coalition met in person “in the last couple of days” to coordinate and enhance conflict prevention measures of both sides in the region.

In the meeting, the two sides stressed the necessity of exchanging graphic data and information on the areas where they conduct operations to avoid accidental strikes and other potential incidents that could “distract” them from defeating Islamic State.

The colonel said that the CJTF-OIR and the Russian forces group in Syria have several de-confliction telephone lines: the one that allows them to discuss the conflict prevention measures in the air, another one that deals with the ground operations and also a direct line between the CJTF-OIR commander and the commander of the Russian forces in Syria.

Dillon also said he believes it was the first time the US and Russian commanders overseeing ground operations in Syria met in person.

At the same time, he said that there is no direct communication between the US forces and the Russian-supported forces on the ground, particularly in the Euphrates valley to the east of Deir ez-Zor, and all the de-confliction efforts are conducted via the telephone lines.

Dillon also refused to answer a question regarding whether the US security services could be behind the recent attack of Al-Nusra terrorists on Syrian Army positions. The colonel said he had “no information” on that matter and “would not entertain that question.”

Earlier on Thursday, the Russian Defense Ministry warned the US that it would strike the US-backed militants, if the militia attacks on the pro-government forces did not stop. The troops of the Syrian Democratic Force (SDF), a predominantly Kurdish militia backed by the US military, recently attacked positions of the Syrian Arab Army in the Deir ez-Zor governorate on two occasions, according to the ministry.

On Wednesday, several extremist groups led by Al Nusra militants attacked Syrian positions in a designated de-escalation zone in the western Idlib governorate and threatened a Russian Military Police unit, stationed in the area to monitor the ceasefire.
The Russian Defense Ministry then claimed that the militants’ offensive had been instigated by US special forces.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 14:01| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

6th mass extinction event could happen by 2100 – study

Over the past 540 million years Earth has suffered five mass extinction events, the worst of which wiped out more than 9 per cent of marine life on the planet. A new study has suggested that the next such catastrophe might not be too far away.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) geophysicist and mathematician, Daniel Rothman has been busy studying previous mass extinctions. He reckons the next one might be a mere 83 years away.

The previous five catastrophic events each unfolded over millions of years and involved the natural cycle of carbon through the oceans and atmosphere being disturbed, resulting, in some cases, the death of almost all life on Earth.

The award-winning mathematician identified two “thresholds of catastrophe” that, if exceeded, would upset the natural order of the cycle, leading to an unstable environment and eventually a mass extinction.

The first relates to changes in the carbon cycle over a period of thousands or millions of years. A mass extinction will occur if the rate of change in the cycle occurs faster than global ecosystems can adapt.

The second pertains to the size or magnitude of the carbon flux over a shorter period, as has been the case over the last century.

Therein lies a problem, however, as Rothman says: “How can you really compare these great events in the geologic past, which occur over such vast timescales, to what's going on today, which is centuries at the longest?”

“So I sat down one summer day and tried to think about how one might go about this systematically.”

He set about searching through hundreds of geochemistry papers trying to find an answer, classifying the events as either long or short in duration. Throughout his studies, Rothman identified 31 instances over the past 542 million years in which a major change occurred in the carbon cycle.

Following this, he devised a mathematical formula to determine the total mass of carbon added to the oceans during each event, after which “it became evident that there was a characteristic rate of change that the system basically didn't like to go past.”

Rothman estimates this to be 310 gigatons. He thinks that given the rise of carbon dioxide over the last century, a sixth mass extinction could be on the way as estimates suggest that humans will add roughly 310 gigatons to the cycle by 2100.

“This is not saying that disaster occurs the next day,” Rothman said. “It’s saying that, if left unchecked, the carbon cycle would move into a realm which would be no longer stable, and would behave in a way that would be difficult to predict. In the geologic past, this type of behavior is associated with mass extinction.”

Rothman's paper was published Wednesday in the journal Science Advances.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 12:19| Comment(0) | 国際・政治


2017年09月20日 空間線量率モニタリングアシスタント募集 ボケ防止に好適!について多数のご照会をいただきありがとうございます。



1 どんな事象がありうるか
(1) 突然、原子炉が大爆発などということはまずありません。ありうる、ありえたのはチェルノブイリ事故ですが、これは、危険な実験をやったためです。このような場合は、もう生きるも死ぬも距離次第となります。

(2) 金属の脆性が高まっている原子炉が運転停止に向けて温度を下げている場合にひび割れしたり(パカッと割れたりすることがあるのかどうかは知りませんが)する場合には、かなり急激な変化がありうるでしょう。

(3) 通常、色々な前兆や環境条件の変化があってそれに続いて、放射性物質の漏れが大きくなるという形です。

(4) 日本の場合は、やはり地震(及び噴火)です。福島第一原発事故の主原因は、津波ではなく揺れによるものだと考えています。福島第一原発と送受電する変電所も施設に損傷が生じ、送受電不能となりました。


(5) テロではそんなに大きな事故は起せません。1981年6月7日にイスラエル空軍機がイラクのタムーズにあった原子力施設を攻撃破壊しました。空爆、破壊の仕方によりますが、原発事故の拡大防止のため爆撃を利用しなければならないこともありうるだろうと管理人は考えています。





(6) 怖いのは、深刻な事故が隠されていてジワジワと放射性物質が漏れ、そのうちどかーんと増えるような場合です。不意打ちを食らいます。


(7) 放射性物質に国境はありません。他の国で放出された放射性物質が飛んできます。日本の周囲には多数の原発があります。国内の核施設だけでなく海外、特に隣国の原発についても注視が怠れません。


2 どのサイトをチェックすればよいのか
○ ホワイトフードのただ今の空間線量

○ 新・全国の放射能情報一覧(全国の放射線量 エリア別統合グラフ


○ アメダス降雨量



○ 原子力規制委員会 放射線モニタリング情報のサイトで調べます。


○ そらまめ君SPM濃度グラフ

3 日常的な変動範囲を超え、緊急事態ととらえるべきはどんなときか

@ 降雨がないのにホワイトフードの赤丸がいくつも出ている場合

A 小幅ながらも広い地域で空間線量率が上がっているような場合




B 広い範囲で公設MPの測定値の表示が止まっている場合






C 小幅な線量率水準の上昇にもこだわる理由



posted by ZUKUNASHI at 10:06| Comment(2) | 福島原発事故