ずくなしの冷や水

2017年08月05日

米学者:プルトニウムの吸入・摂取に安全量はない 放医研見解とえらく違うぞ ハンフォード事故

RT2017/8/5
Hanford nuclear workers swallowed radiation particles, test positive for contamination – report
Several of the workers tasked with one of the largest nuclear cleanup efforts in the world have tested positive for radiation contamination. Out of the fraction of workers tested, 20 percent were found with “internal exposures.”

On June 8, more than 300 workers at the Hanford Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP), which produced two-thirds of the nation’s plutonium “buttons” during the Cold War, were ordered to “take cover” after Continuous Air Monitoring (CAM) alarms at the facility detected airborne radiation, according to a press release.

The incident was not unexpected. One worker at the nuclear weapons facility told KING reporter Susannah Frame that CH2M Hill, an engineering consultant company contracted by the US Department of Energy, was “rushing the demolition” and “not listening to workers.”

Hanford officials said the order to take cover was merely a “precautionary” safety measure. Officials with CH2M Hill said the contamination was “not considered harmful.”

On Thursday, KING published an internal CH2M Hill email from July 21 that said the company issued bioassay kits, which detects the amount of radiation in the body, to more than 300 employees who were at the Hanford Plutonium Finishing Plant when the CAM alarms went off in June.

In the email, Todd Southerland, director of safety, health and radiological control at CH2M Hill, said the company has only received the results from 65 kits that were immediately available after the CAM alarms went off. From the 65 kits, the company said a “small number of employees” showed positive results for “internal exposures.”

Sources told KING that the “small number of employees” is 12, which would mean that 20 percent of the workers that have been tested have received positive results for radiation contamination.

Several workers told KING they were shocked by the number of employees that were contaminated internally as the result of a single event.

“In 36 years I’ve not seen this many people with internal exposure,” an anonymous Hanford worker told KING. “It’s a monstrous deal. And the workers know it, but they don’t want to say anything. They’re afraid.”

In the internal email, Southerland downplayed the dose that workers received, saying it was “less than or equal to 1 millirem.”

“At the end of 50 years, the person with a dose of 1 millirem would receive a dose equivalent to less than a tenth of a standard chest x-ray. A standard chest x-ray is about 10 millirem,” Southerland wrote.

However, there is “no safe amount of plutonium you can inhale or ingest,” Doctor Marco Kaltofen of the Nuclear Science and Engineering Program, Department of Physics, at Worcester Polytechnic Institute told KING.

“If you fly from Seattle to DC, you’re in the air for 6 hours and you’re done. With plutonium, the exposure is in your body for days, months or even years. A millionth of a gram of plutonium has a measurable risk of causing a lethal lung cancer,” said Kaltofen.

Destry Henderson, a communication specialist at CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company, told KING that more positive results are expected to come out of the remaining tests.

He added that the company has taken steps to prevent future contamination by “adding additional dust suppression capability; implementing negative ventilation on the canyon during demolition; and reducing the proximity of nearby employees to the canyon.”

Many employees believe that proper precautions were not taken because the company is under pressure to meet their deadlines. The cleanup of the entire Hanford facility is expected to be completed by 2060, but CH2M Hill is under a contract to finish the demolition of the PFP by September.

On Thursday Jacobs Engineering Group announced they reached an agreement to purchase CH2M Hill, including the Hanford contract.

The agreement comes as the Department of Energy plans to rebid the three largest cleanup contracts for the Hanford nuclear reservation, including the one held by CH2M Hill and another held by Mission Support Alliance, a company owned by Jacobs Engineering Group, according to the Tri-City Herald.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 14:57| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

放射能常時測定・サイト表示はGM-10以外でも可能

大枚はたいたMAZURは、管理人が在宅のときはパソコンにつないでログ(一定の形式に整えた情報で時系列に記録・蓄積したもの)を取っている。これを表計算ソフトに取り入れてグラフ化すると次のようになる。あとはこれをサイトにアップすればよい。


GM-10などは、パソコンにつないでこの作業を自動的にやらせているのだが、機器不調で表示が止まっているものが多い。GM-10による線量率グラフを探しているとそういう例が多いことに気付く。

GM-10は、マイカ窓のあるGM管を使っていてアルファ線も、ベータ線も検出できるとされているが、実用上ではガンマ線だけをとらえられれば十分だ。もともと屋内に置くことを想定して作られており、屋外に流れてきたアルファ線源は検出できない。屋内で濃厚なラドンガスが発生するような場所では意味があるだろうが。

常時監視の目的では、測定機能自体はエアーカウンター程度の機器で十分で、それから音声信号などを取り出せればよい。できれば電源供給をかねたUSBケーブル接続で。

安いものを探すが見当たらない。GM-10の代わりになりそうなものは日本で販売されているようだ。カード型でクレイドルつき。

なぜ日本で格安な常時測定用の機器が生まれないのだろうか。自分の得たデータを他人に提供するような考えを持つ人が少ないのか。

SPM分析の作業をしていて、読者の関心が低いのに驚いた。世の中こんなに不幸になっているという記事にはアクセスがあるが、6年前のホコリの動きを知って何になる! という声が聞こえてきそうな気までした。

一方で、当時の状況を把握して今後の防御に役立てたいと思う方もおられてよく読んでおられたが、ほんの一握りだった。

SPMがプルーム襲来の手がかりになるのではないかと期待する人もおられたようなので、それは無理とはっきり書いた。どうせまたデータが消えてしまうのだから。

それよりも個人で常時監視をしてその情報を交換・提供しあうのが良い。

日本人は、そういう連携が苦手らしいというか、そういう発想が生まれないらしい。

これから放射能測定器を買おうとする方がおられるか分からないが、安いものなら何台持っても同じ。高いものは機能が多くいろいろ新しい発見もあるが、取り扱いにとても気を使う。

目的に合わせた機種選択が必要。使わなくなった測定器をお持ちの人も多いはず。ただで上げるといっても断られることが多いのかもしれない。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 13:01| Comment(3) | 福島原発事故

健康被害の原因は圧倒的に内部被曝 2011/3の千葉県北部・東京東部の空間線量率はそんなに高くない

2011/3の空間線量率測定データを探していますが、6年も経過してほとぼりがさめたせいでしょうか、ポツポツとデータを目にすることがあります。

早くからネットに現れていた個人による測定結果としては、2011/3/15の朝、台東区のマンションで空間線量率を測定されたRyozo SAITO氏がアップしてくれた動画があります。プルームが流れてきた最中の3/15午前9時40分頃、インスペクターが1μSv/hを示しています。

動画では分かりませんが、おそらくベータ線、アルファ線込みと見られます。ただピークは短くその後短時間で空間線量率は低下しました。

最近見かけたのは、千葉市と東京都中央区の測定データです。

千葉市内での測定データは2011/4始めから記録されておりcpm表示ですが、自製の測定器の使用GM管と同じ規格品を使った測定器での換算式を当てはめると始まりの時点で0.183μSv/hとなります。

3/15から4/2までは18日経過でヨウ素131は4分の1以下、3/21からでは12日経過で65%になっています。設置場所がマンションの地上階でないベランダで検出部分を空に向けて設置されているようですから少し低めに出ているのかもしれません。

読者から伺ったところでは、2011/3/21夜船橋市内を車で走行した方の体験では0.3μSv/hに設定した警報鳴動基準を超えて警報が鳴り続けたとのことですから3/21に雨が吹き込まなかったベランダではその場の放射線量は低いのではないかと見られます。

この測定例の最近の線量率は、0.14μSv/hか0.13μSv/h程度と見られ、ここ2年程度は横ばい推移となっています。

もう1件東京都中央区の例では、自作測定器による計測ですが、2011/3/18からデータがあります。こちらもcpm表示でμSv/hへの換算はできませんが、欠測終了後の3/21午後の測定値が最も高くなっています。ですが、高い時期は低い時期の約2倍程度にとどまっており、3/18に既に水準が2倍に上がっていたとしても3/21は事故前の約4倍程度となります。屋内での測定のようですから事故前0.05μSv/hの4倍として0.2μSv/hです。

仮に24時間、365日0.2μSv/hの環境に居続けたとしたら、年間で1.75ミリシーベルトになります。欧州では0.2μSv/hの環境などはざらにあります。

もちろん外部被曝は蓄積すればがんなどの発症リスクが増えますが、欧州の例を見ても数年でがん患者が急増するようなことはないでしょう。

今、日本で様々な深刻な疾病が増加しているのは、内部被曝が主因です。地域別のプルーム襲来状況と人口動態の悪化状況を照らし合わせると、内部被曝でも、特に吸気被曝の悪影響が大きいのです。

吸気被曝については、引き続き回避努力をする。汚染された食べ物は食べない。これが今なお大原則です。

ここに引用した測定データ2件は企業による測定結果です。グラフなどの転載許可が得られていないので、引用は最小限にとどめています。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 11:31| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故

海外ニュースから 2017/7/10〜8/5

この記事は、 N K M さんに協力をいただいています。

欧州の熱波
Two dead as 'Lucifer' heat wave hits Italy, eastern Europe http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-08-05/lucifer-heat-wave-holds-italy-eastern-europe-in-fiery-grip/8776788 @ABCNewsさんから
Swathes of southern and eastern Europe have sweltered in temperatures above 40 degrees Celsius in a heat wave nicknamed "Lucifer", which has killed at least two people across the region.
Italy and the Balkans were worst affected, though areas as far north as southern Poland also basked in abnormally hot temperatures, and European weather hub Meteoalarm issued its highest grade "red" warnings for 10 countries.
At least two people have died from the heat ― one in Romania and one in Poland ― and many more have been taken to hospital suffering from sunstroke and other heat-related conditions.
Bosnian officials said the heat wave and drought had nearly halved agricultural output, which accounts for 10 percent of the country's economic output.
Neighbouring Serbia reported a similar situation and experts said drought could slash corn and soybean production by a third.
農産物に影響が出て、冬に大寒波が来たらどうなるでしょうか。

ドイツ車カルテル
The Cartel: Collusion Between Germany's Biggest Carmakers
http://spon.de/ae1Nj via @SPIEGELONLINE
Sometimes big things are hidden behind much smaller things. For instance, one of the biggest secrets of the German automotive industry lies behind the mechanism that opens and closes a convertible top at the push of a button.
Reporting by DER SPIEGEL into the anti-cartel authorities in Brussels and Bonn, and automakers in Stuttgart, Munich and Wolfsburg, and conversations with current and former executives, provide a previously unknown image of Germany's most important industry. The conclusion is that Daimler, BMW, Audi, Porsche and Volkswagen often no longer compete with one another. Instead, they secretly cooperate, very closely, in fact, in the same way one would normally expect of the subsidiaries of a single company to work together, as something like a "German Cars Inc." -- or a cartel.

WW3に向かっているか(抜粋)
Are we sleepwalking to World War III?
Australia is plunging headlong into catastrophe and we are utterly unprepared. In fact, we may be past the time when we can prepare.
The time-bomb is ticking and it will explode in our lifetimes.
All certainty will be lost, our economy will be devastated, our land seized, our system of government upended.
This isn't mere idle speculation or the rantings of a doomsday cult, this is the warning from a man who has made it his life's work to prepare for just this scenario.
Admiral Chris Barrie was chief of Australia's Defence Force between 1998 and 2002.

A miscalculation or misunderstanding, he said, could tip us over the edge, countries would be backed into corners and we have no way right now of talking our way out.
This is a warning that comes from our past, and if unheeded, will shatter our future.
"History doesn't repeat but it does rhyme."

On the current trajectory, Allison says, war is "not just possible, but much more likely than currently recognised".
Any clash between the US and China is potentially catastrophic, but as much as we may try to wish it away, right now military strategists in Beijing and Washington are preparing for just an eventuality.
Global think tank the Rand Corporation prepared a report in 2015 for the American military, its title could not have been more direct ― War with China: Thinking Through the Unthinkable.
It concluded that China would suffer greater casualties than the US if war was to break out now. However, it cautioned, that as China's military muscle increased so would the prospect of a prolonged destructive war.

The entire Asia region is a tinderbox.
Historian Michael Auslan, thinks Asia is so potentially unstable and insecure that he has questioned the very future of the region in his new book, The End of the Asian Century.

Allison concludes with a quote not from Thucydides but Shakespeare, our destiny lies "not in our stars, but in ourselves".
戦争の崖っぷちまで、我々は自分の足で歩いて来ているのです。
S.A.氏はその先導役です。獣医学部どころではない規模の、お友だちへの利益誘導によって、アジアは崩壊寸前なのです。


お友だちを大事にするという道徳を悪用
Japan PM Abe denies favors for friend amid falling support
http://reut.rs/2uqbRfH
TOKYO (Reuters) - Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, his ratings sinking over a suspected cronyism scandal, said on Monday he had never instructed that preferential treatment be given to a long-time friend and that his friend had never lobbied for favors.
Abe and his aides have repeatedly denied intervening to help Kake Gakuen (Kake Educational Institution) win approval for a veterinary school in a special economic zone. Its director, Kotaro Kake, is a friend of Abe.

サイコパスは治療可能か
Psychopaths: Mean, misunderstood, and mistreated?
http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11894195
Does your ex drink too much, act impulsively and seem to fear nothing? Turns out, they could be a psychopath.
What is a psychopath and how would you identify one?
Even among scientists there's a lot of controversy about what's in and what's out in regard to the definition. You can think of psychopathy as an enduring type of personality disorder in which people have quite distinctive characteristics that can be harmful both to them and others. But there is also quite widespread acceptance that some aspects of psychopathy can be quite positive ... So it's more of a mixed picture of positive and negative characteristics.
There are three different clusters of characteristics ... meanness, boldness and disinhibition. This is known as the Triarchic model of psychopathy, developed by Christopher Patrick. It's gaining some acceptance because of its usefulness.

Hong Kong Herald紙より
マレーシア航空撃墜事件のその後
MH370 search reveals previously unknown undersea world
https://shar.es/1TsTJk
Although no trace of the Malaysia Airlines plane was found during the search in the southern Indian Ocean -- the most expensive ever of its kind -- large volumes of data showing a detailed picture of the sea floor had to be collected to guide the probe.
事件の真相は闇のままだが、深海の謎が見えてきたそうです。

マレーシアの新聞より
イーロン・マスクのハイパーループ
Hyperloop or hyperbole? Musk promises NY-DC run in 29 mins http://www.nst.com.my/lifestyle/bots/2017/07/259337/hyperloop-or-hyperbole-musk-promises-ny-dc-run-29-mins
NEW YORK: US entrepreneur Elon Musk said Thursday he’d received tentative approval from the government to build a conceptual “hyperloop” system that would blast passenger pods down vacuum-sealed tubes from New York to Washington at near supersonic speeds.

Facing a barrage of skepticism, Musk, who has been known to over-promise in his announcements, clarified: “Still a lot of work needed to receive formal approval, but am optimistic that will occur rapidly,” urging people to lobby their representatives.
「over-promise 」って、イニシャルS.A.さんのことかと。

BBCの出演料が高すぎで差別的
The right-wing media's outrage at BBC salaries has nothing to do with gender equality http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/bbc-salaries-figures-paid-chris-evans-alan-shearer-laura-keunssberg-privatisation-right-wing-agenda-a7848841.html
If people trust the BBC, they are likely to trust the country that created it. It is a diplomatic force of immense significance.
信頼できる国営メディアであれば、そのメディアを作った国も信頼できる。これは外交上非常に大きな力になる。
日本の国営放送とは大違いです。

米国でポルノサイトの年齢認証が厳しくなるようです。クレジットカードを使う見込みです。
RT2017/7/17
The government aims to force all porn sites to have age-verification checks by April 2018,

2割引で自国通貨を買う
Icelanders named in Panama papers buy ISK at a 20% discount
http://www.icenews.is/2017/07/14/icelanders-named-in-panama-papers-buy-isk-at-a-20-discount/#ixzz4mzYyVCom
RÚV reports that 21 Icelanders who’s names came up in the notorious Panama papers, purchased large amounts of ISK (Icelandic króna) at a 20% discount through the Central bank’s investment program.
The article states that the individuals are not necessarily being investigated by the tax authorities, but their identities remain anonymous
The Central bank’s investment program aims at bringing foreign currency into the country by allowing investors to purchase ISK at a 20% discount. So far, 206 billion ISK have been sold, 72 of them bought by Icelanders or companies owned by Icelanders. According to RÚV, the Governor of the Central bank of Iceland, Már Guðmundsson, says all laws have been upheld regarding the investment program.

イタリアの若者の貧困率上昇
Poverty among Italy’s young has tripled over last 11 years
http://www.corriere.it/english/17_luglio_14/poverty-among-italy-s-young-has-tripled-over-last-11-years-9a1ab688-6892-11e7-a661-7b83dfae73a6.shtml
According to official figures, 4.7 million Italians live in absolute poverty. The number is 144,000 up on 2015
Poverty remains high in Italy, and is slightly up on 2015, with larger families the worst hit. According to figures published by Italian statistics institute ISTAT, 1.619m Italian families were living in absolute poverty in 2016, for a total of 4.742m people, 144,000 more than in 2015. In relation to the number of households (25.7m) and resident population (60m), 6.3% of households were living in conditions of absolute poverty (compared to 6.1% in 2015). This amounted to 7.9% of the population (7.6% in 2015). For ISTAT, absolute poverty means being unable to buy a basket of goods and services “essential to a minimum acceptable standard of living”, which varies according to size of family, age and geographical location
こういう問題が、シリア難民妨害にもつながるのでしょう。

難民船を追い返す欧州極右団体
'Defend Europe' Identitarians charter a ship to return migrants to Africa
http://www.dw.com/en/defend-europe-identitarians-charter-a-ship-to-return-migrants-to-africa/a-39702947
European right-wing extremists have chartered a boat and set sail for the Mediterranean to help obstruct the flow of refugees. The so-called Identitarians are just the latest player in a complex flotilla of groups.
資金はクラウドファンドで集める。
国境なき医師団を妨害する。など
Earlier the group had said on its website it would try and force NGO ships to change course and to sap the financial and organizational resources of the charities.
オリンピック後のアジア太平洋地域も、こんな風になってたりして。

フィリピンのマニラ・タイムズ社説
核不拡散条約はジョーク
‘Nuclear Nine’ and the NPT - The Manila Times Online
http://www.manilatimes.net/nuclear-nine-npt/338464/
THEY who hold the gold make the rules.
True, especially in the case of the United States, Russia, Britain, China, France, India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel, which are the nine countries in the world that possess nuclear weapons.

At best, the NPT is and can only be a deterrent against the leader of any of the nine countries who might get stupid or crazy enough to press the button that would send the rest of the world to kingdom come.

The NPT is a joke partly because it only prohibits developing and stockpiling of nuclear weapons; it does not carry a provision for recall or destruction of such weapons that at present may be in the nuclear depots of the Nuclear Nine.

車内放置による熱中症で死亡
Autistic teenager dies after being left by carers in hot minibus for six hours http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/autistic-teenager-dies-hot-minibus-japan-carers-forget-ageo-a7841841.html
It is thought he had been forgotten by staff at the facility, who only noticed he was missing hours later.

日本では人権侵害が常態化していると報じられています。
Japan’s mental health services have previously been criticised for institutionalising too many patients and breaching their human rights.
A 2013 study found Japanese people with mental health conditions faced greater stigmatisation than in many other areas of the world.
The majority of the public keep a greater social distance from people with mental illness, it said, while two-thirds of people with mental health disorders never seek treatment because of the stigma.

シリコンバレーが自動運転夜行バスに参入
From buses to glasses: Silicon Valley’s love of non-tech start-ups
https://www.ft.com/content/7a1a0ab6-668d-11e7-8526-7b38dcaef614

粘液を出すウナギ満載トラック転覆(動画あり)
Truck carrying eels overturns, dumping slime over cars and highway
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jul/14/truck-eels-overturns-slime-cars-highway
An Oregon highway has been “slimed” after a truck carrying 3,400kg (7,500lb) of eels overturned, spilling the animals and their excretions all over the road and nearby vehicles.
Hagfish are caught along the west coast of the US, including Oregon, and exported to Korea where they are a delicacy. Oregon state police tweeted that the eels were being shipped to Korea for consumption.
閲覧注意ニュースですが、単語の使い方が面白いです。

ロンドンで火災が続いています。以前からこんなに多かったんでしょうか。
RT2017/7/9
London firefighters battle blaze at Camden Lock Market (WATCH LIVE)

ロンドンでボクシングの観客が乱闘
RT2017/7/9
Mass brawl breaks out amongst crowd at UK boxing match (VIDEO)
Bloody seats and bruised egos; the ring failed to contain the carnage at a boxing match in east London Saturday night where a mass brawl erupted amongst the rowdy crowd.
The chaos at the Copper Box Arena in east London was reportedly sparked by the shock defeat of fan favorite Sam McNess who was brutally beaten by Asinia Byfield.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 01:23| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

米国主導軍が2014年以来のイラクシリアでの空爆による民間人犠牲者を624人と見積もる

RT2017/8/4
US-led Coalition says 624 civilian casualties from airstrikes in Iraq, Syria
The US-led Coalition has released a new assessment of civilian casualties from its airstrikes in Iraq and Syria, claiming 624 people were “unintentionally killed” since the start of the campaign against Islamic State in 2014.
“To date, based on information available, CJTF-OIR (Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve) assesses that it is more likely than not, at least 624 civilians have been unintentionally killed by the Coalition since the start of Operation Inherent Resolve,” the Coalition said in a statement on Friday.
There are 23 more people dead compared to data released by CJTF-OIR last month, which acknowledged 603 civilian casualties.
In June, “the Coalition completed the assessment of 132 reports, of which 121 were assessed to be non-credible, and seven were assessed to be credible, resulting in 21 unintentional civilian deaths. Four reports were assessed to be duplicates of previous reports,” the statement read.
The international forces said they “carried over 180 open reports of possible civilian casualties from previous months and received 72 new reports resulting from Coalition airstrikes in support of partner forces operations to defeat ISIS (Islamic State, IS) in Iraq and Syria.”
“Additionally, the Coalition began the assessment of 404 historical reports of possible civilian casualties received from Airwars.org,” the statement added.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:49| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

アフガン情勢 米英は苦い思い

RT2017/8/4
‘All for nothing?’ British soldier’s rage as Taliban attack Afghan towns he once helped liberate
Gereshk, a town in southern Afghanistan where British troops were wounded and killed during the long war and occupation, may soon fall to the Taliban.
Intense fighting between insurgents and Afghan government forces has inspired little comment in the UK media, despite the market town once being a household name in Britain when UK forces fought and died there.
Neighboring towns and villages along the Helmand River, like Lashkar Gah and Sangin, also featured heavily in news reports at the height of the war.
Government forces now claim to have repelled the insurgents, who reportedly stormed the town centre and took over building on Thursday.
Local government officials told reporters that five security forces personnel had been killed in a car bombing on Thursday amid ongoing fighting.
RT spoke to a former British Army soldier who served in Afghanistan’s volatile Helmand province during the early stages of UK warfighting operations in 2006.
Glenn Humphries served in 13 Air Assault Support Regiment and vividly recalls handing out coloring books to children in Gereshk in the summer of 2006 as part of an attempt to win over the local population.
Asked how the situation in Helmand today made him feel, Humphries said: “It upsets me, all that money, time and effort, the lives - military and civilian - for nothing.”
He said because of the almost total absence of coverage in the UK media it is “almost like you can believe it is finished, but it isn’t.”
He said he feels angry and let down and believes the government failed in its promise to “sort out” Afghanistan.
Helmand was the centre of UK operations during the Afghan conflict from 2006 until the official end of combat operations in 2014.
Britain lost 456 troops and many more were mutilated in counter-insurgency warfare typified by buried booby traps, isolated outposts and a crippling lack of local support.

RT2017/8/4
Trump says US ‘losing’ war in Afghanistan, wants top brass reshuffle – reports
Seeking a more aggressive stance in Afghanistan, President Donald Trump reportedly vowed a radical reshuffle of his national security team, including firing a general who has been in charge of US troops in the war-torn country for over 16 years.
Details have emerged of a tense meeting with top military officials in mid-July, when Trump repeatedly voiced frustration over the current strategy in Afghanistan, where the US has been bogged down in war for 16 years. The US must consider new, more assertive ways of winning the war, Trump maintained, according to an NBC report.
One of the options he floated at the meeting in mid-July was the dismissal of Army General John Nicholson, commander of US troops in Afghanistan. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Joseph Dunford would replace him, NBC reported, citing senior administration officials who requested anonymity.
Trump reported lashed out at military staff during the fractious meeting, including Defense Secretary James Mattis, accusing them of losing ground in Afghanistan despite having enough time to push for a decisive win. “We aren't winning,” the president reportedly said. “We are losing.”
Trump is said to have complained that the options for Afghanistan presented by his military strategists – including a complete withdrawal – were far away from the reality on the ground. Backing up his claim while speaking to the national security team, the property mogul-turned-president compared the current Afghan policy review to the renovation of the 21 Club – a posh Manhattan restaurant he has frequently visited.
The spot closed for a year and hired a costly consultant to elaborate a renovation plan, but the consultant’s only suggestion was to enlarge the kitchen. The owner might have simply talked to his waiters instead of facing a year of lost business because of the advice, Trump argued.
“The clear message [from Trump] if you heard the story was: high-priced consultants or high-priced anybody, expensive supposedly-big-brained people, but who are physically far from the source of the problem, often give you much worse advice than the supposedly low-ranking guys who are right there,” an official told the news outlet.
Trump failed to make any decision on an Afghan strategy following the meeting, which left national security advisers and military leaders bewildered.Two Pentagon officials close to Mattis told NBC the defense secretary returned from the White House on that day “visibly upset.”
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:44| Comment(0) | 国際・政治