ずくなしの冷や水

2017年06月14日

ユーゴスラビアでのNATOの劣化ウラン弾使用を国際法曹団が提訴

RT2017/6/14
‘Up to 15 tons of depleted uranium used in 1999 Serbia bombing’ – lead lawyer in suit against NATO
An international legal team is preparing a lawsuit against NATO over the alliance’s alleged use of depleted uranium munitions during its bombing of Yugoslavia. These have allegedly caused a rise in cancer-related illnesses across the region over the years.

"The NATO bombing of Serbia in 1999 used between 10 and 15 tons of depleted uranium, which caused a major environmental disaster," said Srdjan Aleksic, a Serbian lawyer who leads the legal team, which includes lawyers from the EU, Russia, China and India.

"In Serbia, 33,000 people fall sick because of this every year. That is one child every day," he claimed.

NATO's press office says it's now aware of Serbia's allegations, but gave no further comment.

When asked as of why Serbia has decided to sue NATO 19 years after the attacks, the lawyer said "considering the horrific consequences for our population... it is never too late to sue someone who has caused an environmental catastrophe, someone [who] bombed Serbia with a quasi-nuclear weapon, i.e. depleted uranium."

The Serbian lawyer says 19 countries that were part of NATO at the time need to pay compensation for "for the financial and non-financial damages... to all the citizens who died or fell sick as a proven result of the NATO bombing."

"We expect the members of NATO to provide treatment to our citizens who are suffering from cancer," Aleksic said, adding that the bloc "must also provide the necessary technology and equipment to remove all traces of the depleted uranium" from Serbia.

"The use of banned weapons" by the US-led military alliance in the Balkans "was a violation of all the international conventions and rules that protect people" from such kind of weapons, the lawyer claimed, adding that NATO also used depleted uranium in Iraq in 1991.

"The alliance has not been put on trial for this act, but the consequences are disastrous," he said.

In its 2000 report on depleted uranium, NATO confirmed the use of the munitions both in Iraq and in the Balkans.

"In Iraq, about 300 metric tons of DU [depleted uranium] ammunition were fired by American and British troops. Recently, NATO confirmed the use of DU ammunition in Kosovo battlefields, where approximately 10 metric tons of DU were used," the report says.

The UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia has also admitted"there is evidence of use of depleted uranium (DU) projectiles by NATO aircraft during the bombing campaign." However, the UN tribunal has pointed out that "there is no specific treaty ban on the use of DU projectiles."

Reporting on the consequences of the use of such munitions for civil population and the environment, a NATO report said that "in the vicinity of the impact point of DU ammunitions, it is not excluded that individuals unaware of the contamination... could have accumulated radiation doses and/or could have incorporated uranium quantities exceeding the internationally recognized limits."

In May, Balkan Insight reported that around 50 people from the Serbian city of Nis, who have been suffering from cancer and have "seemingly relevant medical documentation" have asked the legal team of 26 lawyers and professors to represent them in the case against NATO.

NATO launched airstrikes in what was then Yugoslavia in March 1999, having interfered in a sectarian conflict between Serbians and Kosovan Albanians. As clashes between the local population turned violent, the US-led military alliance made a decision to respond to what the it said was ethnic cleansing of the Muslim population of Kosovo, without the backing of the UN Security Council.

With no UN mandate, NATO bombing of Serbia lasted for three months, having resulted in hundreds of civilian deaths.

posted by ZUKUNASHI at 15:35| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

死亡数急減の鎌ヶ谷市に学ぶことはあるか

鎌ヶ谷市が2017/6/14、人口動態の速報を発表しています。
それによると、出生数は前年同月比11人減、死亡数が9人減で出生死亡比率は低下したものの、死亡数の減が続いており注目されます。

過去6年余の出生率、死亡率の推移を見ると
@ 出生数は2011/4から減少、死亡数は2011/6から急増ですから、福島第一原発事故による影響ははっきりと出ていると言えるでしょう。



A そして出生数は2012/5から持ち直しましたが、2013年に入ってからは、ほぼ一貫して低下、減少傾向を辿っています。この6年間の月当たり出生数の減は約20人、2011/3の77.7人と比較すると25%減となります。

とても興味深いのですが、ブログの読者は出生数の減には関心がとても低いです。今生きている人が大事,後世を担う者が減っても自分の生活には関係ないと考えているかのようです。

年金財源の確保を心配するのなら、同時に出生数減も心配しなければならないに。

それに新生児が生まれてこなくなったら、ほどなく自分に生命の危機が忍び寄るのはチェルノブイリの先例から明らかなのに。

本題に戻りましょう。次に死亡数です。

B 死亡数は、福島第一原発事故間もなく60人程度から67人程度に水準を上げ、これが1年半ほど続いた後、2013年春から1年間増加が続きましたが、2014/3にピークをつけてその後約2年70人程度で推移、2016年の後半に増えましたが、2017年になると急減しています。

これらの死亡率の水準変化の要因はよく分かりません。単純出生率、単純死亡率で見ていますから人口の変化は織り込まれていますが、そもそも鎌ケ谷市の人口は10万人程度で変化が少ないのです。

C 鎌ケ谷市の月別社会増減です。2010年までは社会増が続き、出生数も増加していました。しかし、汚染状況が判明した2011年の半ば以降、転出超過の月が増えています。



上の死亡数の減とここ数ヶ月の転入超過とは時期的に重なっています。とても不思議に思っているのですが、転入超過の時期に死亡数が減る現象はよく見られます。転入者は年寄りの世話、病気になった家族の世話をするために家に帰ってきた人だけではありませんが、どうもそう人も含まれていてそれが体調不良者の延命につながっている・・・? 希望的観測として、そのくらいしか思いつきません。

すみません、現時点では早めに避難した人達がかなりいるということしか学ぶべき点は分かりませんでした。
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 14:21| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故