ずくなしの冷や水

2017年02月18日

断食は健康に良い?

FARSNEWS2017/2/18
Scientifically-Designed Fasting Diet Lowers Risks for Major Diseases

TEHRAN (FNA)- Results of a randomized clinical trial shows a periodic, five-day fasting diet designed by a researcher safely reduced the risk factors for heart disease, cancer, diabetes and other age-related diseases.

That's what happened for 71 adults who were placed on three cycles of a low-calorie, "fasting-mimicking" diet. The phase II trial, conducted by researchers at the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology, demonstrated a host of benefits from the regimen.

The diet reduced cardiovascular risk factors including blood pressure, signs of inflammation (measured by C-reactive protein levels), as well as fasting glucose and reduced levels of IGF-1, a hormone that affects metabolism. It also shrank waistlines and resulted in weight loss, both in total body fat and trunk fat, but not in muscle mass.

In effect, the diet reduced the study participants' risks for cancer, diabetes, heart disease and other age-related diseases, according to the findings published Feb. 15 in Science Translational Medicine.

"This study provides evidence that people can experience significant health benefits through a periodic, fasting-mimicking diet that is designed to act on the aging process," said Valter Longo, director of the USC Longevity Institute and a professor of biological sciences for USC Davis and Dornsife. "Prior studies have indicated a range of health benefits in mice, but this is the first randomized clinical trial with enough participants to demonstrate that the diet is feasible, effective and safe for humans.

"Larger FDA studies are necessary to confirm its effects on disease prevention and treatment," he added.

One hundred people participated in the trial from April 2013 to July 2015. The participants, ages 20 to 70 and all generally healthy, were divided into two groups for the randomized trial.

Participants in the first group, the control group, were asked to continue their normal eating habits for three months. People in the second group were placed on a three-month test of the fasting-mimicking diet.

Those on the special diet were required to eat food products supplied by the nutrition company L-Nutra during the fasting periods of five days each month. The diet, which was designed to mimic the results of a water-only fast, allowed for participants to consume between 750 and 1,100 calories per day. The meals for the fast-mimicking diet contained precise proportions of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.

After three months, participants in the control group were moved onto the special diet.

The researchers found that participants on the fasting-mimicking diet lost an average of about 6 pounds. Their waistlines shrank by 1 to 2 inches. Their systolic blood pressure, which was in the normal range when the study began, dropped by 4.5 mmHG, while their diastolic blood pressure dropped by 3.1 mmHg. Also, their levels of IGF-1 dropped to between 21.7 ng/mL and 46.2 ng/mL, reaching a range associated with lower cancer risk.

"After the first group completed their three months on the fasting diet, we moved over participants in the control group to see if they also would experience similar results," Longo said. "We saw similar outcomes, which provides further evidence that a fasting-mimicking diet has effects on many metabolic and disease markers. Our mouse studies using a similar fasting-mimicking diet indicate that these beneficial effects are caused by multi-system regeneration and rejuvenation in the body at the cellular and organ levels.

"Our participants retained those effects, even when they returned to their normal daily eating habits," he added.

The researchers also noted that participants considered "at risk" because they had risk factors such as high IGF-1, cholesterol, blood pressure or blood sugar levels, made significant progress toward better health.

For example, baseline fasting glucose levels for participants with high blood sugar levels (putting them at risk for diabetes) dropped into the healthy range, below 99 mg/dl -- but these levels didn't drop among participants who already had healthy levels at the beginning of the study. Cholesterol was reduced by 20 mg/dl in those with high cholesterol levels, and by about 5 mg/dl in all participants.

"Fasting seems to be the most beneficial for patients who have the great risk factors for disease, such as those who have high blood pressure or pre-diabetes or who are obese," Longo said.

The researchers had invited participants in the study for one last set of tests three months later, at the end of the diet. The research team found that the beneficial effects -- from weight loss, smaller waistlines and lower glucose, blood pressure and IGF-1 levels -- were sustained.

The next step for researchers is a large, FDA phase III clinical trial to test the FMD on patients diagnosed with age-related diseases or at high risk for them. The researchers said further investigation will determine whether the benefits of the diet can continue for several months.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 17:18| Comment(0) | 健康づくり

マケイン、ソロスのトランプ攻撃は続く

FARSNEWS2017/2/18
McCain Savages Trump Administration and Inability to Separate Truth from Lies

TEHRAN (FNA)- John McCain said on Friday that Donald Trump’s administration was in “disarray” and that Nato’s founders would be alarmed by the growing unwillingness to “separate truth from lies”.

The Republican Senator broke with the reassuring message that US officials visiting Germany have sought to convey on their debut trip to Europe, telling a Munich security conference the resignation of the new president’s security adviser, Michael Flynn, over his contacts with Russia reflected deep problems in Washington, the Guardian reported.

“I think that the Flynn issue obviously is something that shows that in many respects this administration is in disarray and they’ve got a lot of work to do,” McCain said, a known Trump critic, even as he praised Trump’s defence secretary.

“The president, I think, makes statements [and] on other occasions contradicts himself. So we’ve learned to watch what the president does as opposed to what he says,” he added.

Without mentioning the president’s name, McCain lamented a shift in the US and Europe away from the “universal values” that forged the Nato alliance seven decades ago. McCain also said the alliance’s founders would be “alarmed by the growing inability, and even unwillingness, to separate truth from lies.”

The chairman of the Armed Services Committee, said “more and more of our fellow citizens seem to be flirting with authoritarianism and romanticising it as our moral equivalent”. The senator also regretted the “hardening resentment we see toward immigrants, and refugees, and minority groups, especially Muslims”.

European governments have been unsettled by the signals sent by Trump on a range of foreign policy issues ranging from Nato and Russia to Iran, Israel and European integration.

The debut trip to Europe of Trump’s defence secretary, Jim Mattis, and his secretary of state, Rex Tillerson, to a meeting of G20 counterparts in Bonn, went some way to assuaging concerns as they both took a more traditional US position.

Mattis made clear, both at the NATO headquarters in Brussels and in Munich, that Washington would not retreat from leading the military alliance as it deals with Russia, conflicts in Eastern and Southern Mediterranean countries and terrorism.

“President Trump came into office and has thrown now his full support to NATO. He too espouses NATO's need to adapt to today's strategic situation for it to remain credible, capable and relevant,” Mattis said.

Pence was also slated to address the Munich conference and address the same concerns on Saturday.

However, that has proven a tough challenge amid the new US administration’s struggle to contain the downfall of Flynn’s resignation.

Flynn stepped down on Monday after mounting evidence suggested that he had discussed former President Barack Obama’s anti-Russia sanctions with Russia's ambassador to the US, well before Trump’s inauguration.

Similar accusations were made against Trump before the presidential election. He has expressed a strong willingness to cooperate with Moscow on important issues.

This is while, NATO has been increasingly deploying weapons and equipment on Russia’s borders ever since cutting ties with Moscow in 2014.

Despite criticizing Trump, McCain urged the forum on Friday to not give up on Washington yet.

“Make no mistake, my friends. These are dangerous times, but you should not count America out, and we should not count each other out,” he said.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 17:12| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

ロシア空軍のラッカ空爆始まる Tu-95から巡航ミサイル発射

RT2017/2/17
Russian strategic bombers hit ISIS in Raqqa in coordination with Pentagon via ‘deconfliction line’
Russian Tu-95 bombers have struck Islamic State (IS, former ISIS/ISIL) targets in Syria's Raqqa region using X-101 cruise missiles, the Russian Defense Ministry said in a statement, adding that it informed the US about the operation.

“On February 17, 2017, strategic missile carrying Tu-95 bombers made an operational flight from the territory of the Russian Federation over the territories of Iran and Iraq and conducted an air strike against Islamic State terrorists’ objectives in the Raqqa region using X-101 cruise missiles,” the ministry’s statement says.

It also says the Russian bombers hit the terrorist's bases and training camps as well as a command center of one of Islamic State's “large detachments,” adding that all objects were successfully destroyed.

In Syria, the bombers operated under cover of Su-30 and Su-35 fighter jets scrambled from the Khmeimim Airbase in Syria's western Latakia region. The bombers then returned to their bases in Russia, the statement says.

The ministry also said it notified Washington about the strikes in advance using the “de-confliction” hotline. In October 2015, Russia and the US agreed to a flight safety memorandum which regulates flight paths and to inform each other of an emergency situation in Syria establishing the hotline to avoid dangerous aerial incidents in Syrian airspace.

Colonel John Dorrian, the spokesman for Combined Joint Task Force, confirmed it received the notification via the hotline.

In January, Russia dispatched long-range bombers to Syria. On January 21, six supersonic Tupolev Tu-22M3 bombers conducted air strikes against Islamic State targets in the Syrian governorate of Deir ez-Zor. The Russian planes hit IS base camps, weapon stockpiles, and armored vehicles.

FARSNEWS2017/2/18
TEHRAN (FNA)- A squadron of Tu-95MS strategic bombers equipped with advanced missiles struck repeatedly ISIL's positions in Raqqa in Northeastern Syria, using the airspace of Iran and Iraq to reach the targets, the Russian Defense Ministry said.

The Russian ministry announced in a statement on Friday that the country's fighter jets targeted training and command centers of a large terrorist group affiliated to ISIL in Raqqa's countryside.

The statement said that the Russian bombers left their bases and flew over Iran and Iraq, targeting ISIL's positions in Raqqa by Kh-101-air-to-surface cruise missiles.

The statement further added that several Sukhoi-30 SM and Sukhoi-33 fighter jets took off from Humeimim airbase in Lattakia and backed up the Russian squadron in the Raqqa operation.

A Russian daily said on Tuesday that Moscow was expanding its air power in Syria to have a stronger presence in the war on ISIL and meantime prevent the Turkish army's increasing operations in Northern Syria.

The Russian language Nezavisimaya Gazeta daily quoted Syrian sources as saying that four multi-function Sukhoi-34 bomber-fighters left Russia and arrived in Humeimim airbase in Syria in recent days to be used for fresh anti-terrorism missions.

The Russian daily further quoted the Turkish language Anadolu news agency as saying that a secret meeting hosted by the Russian generals was held at Humeimim airbase between the representatives of the Syrian government and Syria's Kurdish fighters to explore new avenues to prevent the Turkish army's further advances in Northern Syria.
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 16:40| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

中東の実像 9 クルド

次は、シリア北部のマンビジでISISと戦うクルド人主体のSDFが戦略地域で市民を救出する様子を写した動画です。十数人の兵士があり合せの車両でひっそりとした住宅街の奥に向います。電話で少し話した後、子供から老婆までがぞろぞろと通りに出てきます。そしておっさんから婆さんまでが若い兵士に感謝のキスをしていきます。顔見知りなのかも知れません。そして小型トラックにまずは子供を載せて走り去ります。演出のないありのままの動画ですが、とても印象的です。


トルコの砲撃もあったアフリンの町の人達も避難しています。戦闘本格化なのですね。




2016年03月09日
クルド人の街 Afrinの住人は他に行くところもないと残る人も

Afrinの町の遠望


FARSNEWSが2016/8/13に伝えたダマスカス近郊の戦闘の模様です。右はオリーブの木、左は何かの果樹でしょう、その下に夏草が繁っています。


アレッポは雪が降ります。気象条件が多様ですからなんでも出来ます。

マンビジが解放されて避難していた人々が街に戻ってきました。SDFの女性兵士が荷物の多い女性を手伝っています。



上にあるAfrinの街の住人は夜通し踊って祝うようです。ここもISISの脅威、トルコの攻撃の恐れがなくなったのでしょうか。



Rojavaは、西クルディスタン。シリアの地中海に近いところを除いた北部トルコ国境に近い地域一帯を指します。

マンビジでISISと戦闘を続けるThe Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) の若い兵士です。クルド人主体です。シリアの正規軍に比べて装備が劣ります。靴を見れば明らかです。ですが、ISISはほとんど普段着でスニーカーです。とても戦いになりません。戦死者が増えるだけです。


クルドの兵士が勝利を祝って踊ります。
ダマスカスでもシリア人は新年を迎える際に横一列になって踊ります。単純ですが、とても楽しそうです。次々に最後尾につけば誰でも参加できて広がるところが良いです。

Rojava ‏@AzadiRojava 氏の2017/2/18のツイート
SDF heroes dancing after liberation of Hasan Zayd & Siadun (Mekmen front)

https://twitter.com/AzadiRojava/status/832658506725498880

次は、クルド人のANHAニュースから
Events of the art and culture week has started in Til Abyad
Til Abyadはシリア北部ラッカの真北にあるクルド人の町です。



posted by ZUKUNASHI at 12:51| Comment(0) | 国際・政治

APがホワイトハウスは10万人の軍隊で移民を狩り出すと虚報

RT2017/2/17
White House denies AP report of plan for 100,000 troops to round up immigrants
The Trump administration is considering mobilizing as many as 100,000 National Guard troops to round up illegal immigrants, according to a draft memo obtained by AP. The White House said the agency’s report is “false,” however.

What the AP called “unprecedented militarization of immigration enforcement” would affect locations as far north as Portland, Oregon and as far east as New Orleans, Louisiana, according to the 11-page document, purportedly written by Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly.

The proposal would four states bordering on Mexico – Arizona, California, New Mexico and Texas – as well as the seven neighboring states of Arkansas, Colorado, Louisiana, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon and Utah. Governors in the eleven states would have a choice whether to have their guard troops participate in the round-up, according to AP.

The White House responded to the news with only one word: “False,” according to Reuters.

According to AP, the draft memo was dated January 25 – the day President Donald Trump issued an executive order“enhancing public safety in the interior of the United States” – and has been circulating among Homeland Security staff for the past two weeks. It is reportedly addressed to the acting chiefs of the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement and Customs and Border Protection.

The draft memo says the mobilized National Guard troops would be activated under a revived state-federal partnership program and authorized "to perform the functions of an immigration officer in relation to the investigation, apprehension and detention of aliens in the United States."
posted by ZUKUNASHI at 00:51| Comment(0) | 福島原発事故